Anthropometric measurements

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Association between phase angle, anthropometric measurements, and lipid profile in HCV-infected patients

Association between phase angle, anthropometric measurements, and lipid profile in HCV-infected patients

The present study was approved by the ethics committee of our institution, and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects. All patients chronically infected with HCV who underwent treatment at the hepatitis C outpatient unit of our hospital from April 2010 to May 2011 were prospectively evaluated. The inclusion criteria were naı¨ve patients or lack of treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for at least 1 year, completion of liver biopsy, and clinical diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. The exclusion criteria were liver cirrhosis with ascites, hepatitis B virus infection, HIV infection, chronic kidney disease, heart failure, and pregnancy. Bioelectrical impedance analysis and anthropometric measurements were performed during the first hospital visit. The lipid profile was considered in cases where it had been measured up to three months prior to the evaluation.
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Accuracy of anthropometric measurements in estimating fat mass in individuals with 21-hydroxylase deficiency

Accuracy of anthropometric measurements in estimating fat mass in individuals with 21-hydroxylase deficiency

To our knowledge, this is the first study that addressed the validity of anthropometric measurements in children and adolescents with 21OHD. The accuracy of the predictive skinfold equations, BMI, and WC in assessing %BF was determined at the group level, and our results obtained from the four predictive equations for both sexes were significantly lower than the reference method. Similar results were reported previously [17, 18,28] in studies that attempted to validate Slaughter’s equa- tion in prepubertal children and in a multiethnic, representative sample of adolescents girls, although no significant differences were observed in a male sample aged 8 to 26 y [28]. The predictive equations were strongly associated with the reference method. These high associations were similar to the observed correlations in a sample of healthy male and female children and adolescents [28] and young children (aged 3 to 8 y) [17] that evaluated the Slaughter equation. In our study, BMI and WC showed moderate correlations among women, but were not significantly associated with DXA measurements of %BF among men. Recent studies in a representative pediatric sample sug- gested that skinfold-based models are more accurate than BMI and WC at estimating %BF in children [11].
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The association between the outcomes of extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and the anthropometric measurements of the prostate by magnetic resonance imaging

The association between the outcomes of extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and the anthropometric measurements of the prostate by magnetic resonance imaging

Our study demonstrated that the pubic angle 2 might increase surgical difficulty in patients undergoing ELRP by prolonging op- erative time. Prostate volume did not correlate with any anthropometric measurements of MRI. In our routine MRI of the prostate, the sagittal plane scanning technique does not include the sacral promontory due to the small field of view (FOV) in order to focus on the prostate gland. This prevented measurement of the true conju- gate diameter. In this study, therefore, the pel- vimetry was measured at the level of acetabu- lum on the axial image (both AP and transverse dimensions) to represent the working space for the urologists. However, this measurement was not correlated with operative time.
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DISCORDANCE BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX AND ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS AMONG HIV-1-INFECTED PATIENTS ON ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY AND WITH LIPOATROPHYLIPOHYPERTROPHY SYNDROME

DISCORDANCE BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX AND ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS AMONG HIV-1-INFECTED PATIENTS ON ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY AND WITH LIPOATROPHYLIPOHYPERTROPHY SYNDROME

Introduction: Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) has improved and extended the lives of thousands of people living with HIV/AIDS around the world. However, this treatment can lead to the development of adverse reactions such as lipoatrophy/ lipohypertrophy syndrome (LLS) and its associated risks. Objective: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of self-reported lipodystrophy and nutritional status by anthropometric measurements in patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods: An observational study of 227 adult patients in the Secondary Immunodeficiencies Outpatient Department of Dermatology, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo (3002 ADEE-HCFMUSP). The sample was divided into three groups; Group 1 = 92 patients on HAART and with self-reported lipodystrophy, Group 2 = 70 patients on HAART without self-reported lipodystrophy and Group 3 = 65 patients not taking HAART. The nutritional status of individuals in the study sample was determined by body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (% BF). The cardiovascular risk and diseases associated with abdominal obesity were determined by waist/ hip ratio (WHR) and waist circumference (WC). Results: The prevalence of self-reported lipoatrophy/lipohypertrophy syndrome was 33% among women and 59% among men. Anthropometry showed depletion of fat mass in the evaluation of the triceps (TSF) in the treatment groups with HAART and was statistically independent of gender; for men p = 0.001, and for women p = 0.007. Similar results were found in the measurement of skin folds of the upper and lower body (p = 0.001 and p = 0.003 respectively). In assessing the nutritional status of groups by BMI and % BF, excess weight and body fat were more prevalent among women compared to men (p = 0.726). The WHR and WC revealed risks for cardiovascular and other diseases associated with abdominal obesity for women on HAART and with self-reported LLS (p = 0.005) and (p = 0.011). Conclusions: Anthropometric measurements were useful in the confirmation of the prevalence of LLS. BMI alone does not appear to be a good parameter for assessing the nutritional status of HIV- infected patients on HAART and with LLS. Other anthropometric measurements are needed to evaluate patients with the lipoatrophy/ lipohypertrophy syndrome.
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Anthropometric measurements of term neonates in tertiary care hospital of Wardha district

Anthropometric measurements of term neonates in tertiary care hospital of Wardha district

Abstract: Objective: The present study was undertaken to find the anthropometric parameter like birth weight (BW), length, occipitofrontal circumference(OFC), midarm circumference(MAC), chest circumference (CC), midthigh circumference(MTC) and maximum calf circumference (MCC) of normal healthy neonates at birth which can be used to draw growth chart. Study design: Hospital based cross-sectional study. This study was done in the pediatric department of AVBRH hospital, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha from April 2012 to August 2012. Materials and methods: 211 full terms, normal, singleton newborn babies were included BW, length, OFC, MAC, CC, MTC and MCC were taken within 72 hours of birth. Results: Of the 211 neonates 115 (54.5%) were male and 96 (45.5%) female. The mean BW, length, OFC, MAC, CC, MTC and MCC were 2.815(0.28) kg, 51.15(3.31) cm, 33.52(1.92) cm, 10.12(1.30) cm 28.66(2.52) cm, 14.33(1.74) cm and 10.58(1.20) cm respectively. No statistically significant difference was present in the anthropometric parameter of boys and girls. Conclusions: This study establishes local normal values for anthropometric measurements for healthy, full term newborn in wardha district. To develop our population data, community based studies should be conducted regularly.
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Anthropometric measurements as an indicator of nutritional status in spina bifida patients undergoing enterocystoplasty

Anthropometric measurements as an indicator of nutritional status in spina bifida patients undergoing enterocystoplasty

Objective: To use anthropometric measurements to compare nutritional status in children with neurogenic bladder dysfunction secondary to meningomyelocele who underwent enterocystoplasty and those who did not undergo surgery. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in 20 children, divided into two groups: those who had enterocystoplasty (Group A) and those who did not undergo surgery (Group B), matched for genre and age. Weight, height, arm circumference, and triceps skinfold thickness were the parameters used. Nutritional assessment was determined by calculating the indexes, based on age and genre. Classification was based on the percentile and the results were compared with the reference values. Results: The mean age was 6.41 years in Group A and 6.35 years in Group B. The interval between surgery and evaluation was 11 months. The following measures were found for Group A: 80% of children were eutrophic, a percentage 30% greater than that in Group B; arm muscle circumference was adequate in 40% of patients, a percentage 20% greater than that in Group B; arm muscle area was adequate in 90%, a percentage 30% greater than that in Group B. Values in Group B were as follows: for triceps skinfold thickness, 60% of patients had values above the mean, a percentage 20% greater than that in Group A; for arm fat index, 60% of patients were above the mean value, 40% greater than in Group A. Conclusion: Patients who had undergone enterocystoplasty showed better nutritional status, while the control group presented higher fat indexes in anthropometric measures. However, the differences between groups were not statistically significant.
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ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF INFRAORBITAL FORAMEN AND ITS ANATOMIC VARIATIONS IN DRIED HUMAN SKULLS

ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF INFRAORBITAL FORAMEN AND ITS ANATOMIC VARIATIONS IN DRIED HUMAN SKULLS

Aim : This st udy w as t o det erm ine t he dist ance bet w een IOF and IOM , IOF and pyriform apert ure,t he presence of accessor y foram inae, orient at ion and locat ion in relat io[r]

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Comparison of 3D laser-based photonic scans and manual anthropometric measurements of body size and shape in a validation study of 123 young Swiss men

Comparison of 3D laser-based photonic scans and manual anthropometric measurements of body size and shape in a validation study of 123 young Swiss men

We can confirm other validation studies in that the scans generally showed good feasibility, reliability, and validity when used to perform a large number of measurements from a larger number of probands in a short time. On the one hand, scanned and manually measured anthropometric data are highly correlated, but—on the other hand—there also exist im- portant systematic differences due to the nature of the techniques (contact vs. non-contact; different body positions). Thus, the two techniques are not directly equivalent, which makes the comparison between averages (e.g., to show time trends) from different techniques impossible without developing correction factors. Nevertheless, the non-invasive and fast character, the low potential for measurement errors, the high reproducibility, and the potential to reassess the archived virtual bodies—even years later by improved software or new algorithms—make the technique attractive for application in an epidemiological setting.
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Einstein (São Paulo)  vol.14 número1

Einstein (São Paulo) vol.14 número1

Associated with the anthropometric measurements, screening and subjective nutritional evaluation are used to detect patients at risk of malnutrition upon admission. Among them, especially the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and the Nutritional Risk Screening stand out. These protocols should be applied and used in the first hours of intervention, seeking an early detection of malnutrition, so that intervention might begin quickly, improving the patient’s general status and thus decreasing expenses related to hospital stay. SGA classifies the patients as well- nourished, moderately malnourished, and severely malnourished; on the other hand, the Nutritional Risk Screening classifies the priority of nutritional intervention. (8) For this study,
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Undernutrition among Honduran children 12-71 months old

Undernutrition among Honduran children 12-71 months old

A household was defined as a person living alone or a group of people living together and sharing a common pot of food. An eligible household was one in which there was at least one child be- tween the age of 12 and 71 months. Re- spondents were women who took care of the child daily, and included both mothers and caretakers. Data were col- lected by three field teams. Each team consisted of five members: a supervi- sor, two phlebotomists, and two inter- viewers. Within each team, an inter- viewer and phlebotomist worked as a pair. All the field staff had 2 weeks of training, which included standardiza- tion of anthropometric measurements. The questionnaire was pretested twice in an urban area and twice in a rural area before finalization. Field work was
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Sao Paulo Med. J.  vol.135 número5

Sao Paulo Med. J. vol.135 número5

he present study has limitations that should be considered. Our sample was not enough to extract the cutof points according to sex. Since not all obese individuals have metabolic alterations, our strategy was to ascertain which anthropometric measurements were better correlated with IR, and whether non-diabetic obese individuals would present a cutof point diferent from general population for predicting the onset of diabetes, thereby suggest- ing diferent reference values for a more accurate assessment in this speciic group. Perhaps inclusion of a eutrophic group would have contributed towards reinforcing our important indings. Future research should aim to screen Brazilian obese populations, in order to provide support for our remarks.
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Maximum Bite Force Analysis in Different Age Groups.

Maximum Bite Force Analysis in Different Age Groups.

Each participant underwent a speech evaluation that consisted of anamnesis, anthropometric measurements, as- sessment of dental conditions, and measurement of the MBF. The anamnesis consisted of personal information such as name, date of birth, age, gender, address, and personal e-mail. Anthropometric measurements were performed with a tape measure, measuring the height (in centimeters) and a digital weighing scale, in kilograms (Magna, G-Life, São Paulo). From these measurements, BMI was determined by the formula BMI ¼ weight (kg)/height 2 (m).

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Rev. Nutr.  vol.30 número6

Rev. Nutr. vol.30 número6

Overweight and obesity are evaluated with different techniques, from standard gold methods such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance and DXA, which are expensive and often inaccessible, to anthropometric measurements such as waist circumference, BMI, and neck circumference, which are simple and at low cost, but less reliable than the imaging methods for a large section of the population [1,7,10,11]. The positive association of neck circumference with total body fat estimated by the DXA, after adjusting for sociodemographic and behavioral factors, reinforces the use of this measure as a cardiometabolic risk predictor.
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Auto-anticorpos anti-LDLox e sua correlação com o perfil lipídico e o estado nutricional de adolescentes

Auto-anticorpos anti-LDLox e sua correlação com o perfil lipídico e o estado nutricional de adolescentes

Methods: The study enrolled 150 adolescents aged between 10 and 15 years, recruited from the obesity clinic at Universidade Federal de São Paulo (SP) and from public schools in Piracicaba, SP, Brazil. Anthropometric measurements such as body mass index and waist and arm circumferences were used to classify the adolescents as having healthy weight, overweight or obesity. Colorimetric enzymatic methods were used for biochemical lipid profile analysis and ELISA was used to determine anti-oxLDL autoantibody levels.

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Int. braz j urol.  vol.43 número5

Int. braz j urol. vol.43 número5

We read with great interest the current study written by Akin and colleagues (1) entitled ‘Pre- liminary assessment of Neck Circumference in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in patients with Meta- bolic Syndrome’. BPH is one of the most common diseases in aging men and despite intense research the exact etiopathogenesis is still under debate. Age and androgen stimuli are the well-known factors for prostate enlargement but multiple partially overlapping and complementary systems (nerve, en- docrine, immune, and vascular) as well as local factors are also likely to be involved (2). Scientific in- terest in the association between anthropometric measurements and prostate hyperplasia has mainly been focused on height, weight and measures of weight adjusted for height, such as body mass index (BMI) with less interest in waist circumference and its ratio to hip circumference. Although published epidemiological data demonstrate that obesity may increase the risks of BPH and LUTS, the quantita- tive evidence to certify this association is still lacking. Firstly, we congratulate the authors for their great effort in carrying out a study that provides some quantitative results on the potential associa- tion of the relatively little used anthropometric measurement, neck circumference, with BPH param- eters. Nevertheless, there are some concerns that should be addressed and need further discussion. Contrary to many studies (3-5), the baseline parameters including IPSS, Q max value, and prostate volume were comparable between the two groups (with MtS vs. without MtS) in the current paper. According to the present study, although the baseline BPH parameters did not significantly differ, the patients with MetS had decreased benefit from alpha-blockade drugs. Being prospective, one of the strong attributes of the present study, these results are valuable but the statistical analysis could be misleading as few patients were included, so they should be tested with more data before being used in clinical applications.
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Anthropometric midarm measurements can detect systemic fat-free mass depletion in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Anthropometric midarm measurements can detect systemic fat-free mass depletion in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Our objective was to determine whether anthropometric measurements of the midarm (MA) could identify subjects with whole body fat-free mass (FFM) depletion. Fifty-five patients (31% females; age: 64.6 ± 9.3 years) with mild/very severe chronic ob- structive pulmonary disease (COPD), 18 smokers without COPD (39% females; age: 49.0 ± 7.3 years) and 23 never smoked controls (57% females; age: 48.2 ± 9.6 years) were evaluated. Spirometry, muscle strength and MA circumference were mea- sured. MA muscle area was estimated by anthropometry and MA cross-sectional area by computerized tomography (CT) scan. Bioelectrical impedance was used as the reference method for FFM. MA circumference and MA muscle area correlated with FFM and biceps and triceps strength. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that MA circumference and MA muscle area cut-off points presented sensitivity and specificity >82% to discriminate FFM-depleted subjects. CT scan measure- ments did not provide improved sensitivity or specificity. For all groups, there was no significant statistical difference between MA muscle area [35.2 (29.3-45.0) cm 2 ] and MA cross-sectional area values [36.4 (28.5-43.3) cm 2 ] and the linear correlation coefficient between tests was r = 0.77 (P < 0.001). However, Bland-Altman plots revealed wide 95% limits of agreement (-14.7 to 15.0 cm 2 ) between anthropometric and CT scan measurements. Anthropometric MA measurements may provide useful information for identifying subjects with whole body FFM depletion. This is a low-cost technique and can be used in a wider patient population to identify those likely to benefit from a complete body composition evaluation.
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Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant.  vol.7 número4

Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. vol.7 número4

among children to obesity and overweight among adults. The ideal objective would be that of achieving eutrophy, or normal anthropometric measurements, for both groups by the end of the process. In this respect, it is only at the present point in the transition that the nutritional status among the poorest members of society is better than that of those with a higher income. It is at this point in time important to consoli- date and improve this state of affairs for all biological and social groups and all geographical areas, not as a simple process of transition, but as a target for poli- cies, programs and strategic actions aiming to achieve food security and nutritional well-being for all.
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Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum.  vol.14 número6 en a03v14n6

Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum. vol.14 número6 en a03v14n6

In the present study, ive out of six anthropometric measurements/ indices investigated remained positively associated with BMI in girls, while in boys four out of six measurements/indices remained associated (WHR showed association only in females). Although BMI allows a very practical and quick assessment of overweight and obesity, this index has some limitations. It expresses global changes that may occur in the set of body components, but does not identify which organic components are the most afected 17 and does not verify the body fat distribution pattern 3 .

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Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet.  vol.38 número8

Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. vol.38 número8

It is believed that this occurs due to high body fat accumu- lation, especially in the abdominal area, which overloads the pelvic floor structures through increased intra-abdominal pressure 4 and lower activation of the pelvic muscles. 5 How- ever, although it is a risk factor well established in the literature, 6,7 most studies evaluate overweight by BMI and WC. Other anthropometric measurements are still little explored, and also reflect the occurrence of overweight, such as conicity index (CI), waist to height ratio (WHtR) and fat percentage (FP). The use of the CI becomes relevant: since it is based on a probability model aimed to evaluate abdominal adiposity, the index takes into account the individual’s weight and height. 8 Specifically in the elderly, the WHtR has better predictive ability than BMI and WC; 9 in addition, FP is an anthropometric indicator widely used in the literature. 10,11
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Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.  vol.47 número6

Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. vol.47 número6

We hypothesized that nutritional defi ciency is frequent among HIV-infected mothers and their infants in Brazil. Our objectives were as follows: 1) to describe the nutritional status of HIV-infected women at delivery and of their infants at sites in Brazil based on anthropometric measurements, including the maternal adjusted for gestational age (adjBMI), and on plasma micronutrient concentrations; 2) to assess the correlation between maternal and infant micronutrient levels at delivery; and 3) to evaluate changes in the micronutrient status of infants from birth to six months of age.
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