A qualidade construtiva desses liceus e escolas, associa- da à sua dimensão histórica e simbólica, concorreu para o lançamento de um programa de reabilitação do parque escolar português no início do século XXI, que redundou na qualificação de várias unidades cuja estética e fun- cionalidade foram melhoradas, por adoção de soluções arquitetónicas e de design contemporâneas que vêm contrariar uma certa rigidez física e institucional – do- tando-as de uma utilização mais informal, orientada para fenómenos de socialização e de estabilidade emo- cional de alunos que, revendo-se na sua escola física, mais facilmente contribuiram para a sua conversão em ecologia sensorial, humana e moderna.
Successful creation and the quality of architectural interpolation depends on diferent circumstances but also on the professionalism, knowledge, creativity, sensitivity and even innovativeness of the architect himself. In order for interpolation procedure to be carried out adequately, it is necessary, at the very beginning of the designing process, to conduct evaluation of the quality of the surrounding area where the object is to be built in and then to select the creative approach which will enable the object to establish an optimal dialogue with the surrounding area (Stanković Simčić, 2010:32). Although the procedure of interpolation may seem quite simple at irst, the aim to achieve a distinct author’s approach is complex, as it includes detailed analyses of the existing spatial relations, adapting the new architectural elements to various purposes, types and physical structures, as well as adequate artistic solution to street and interior facades, all of which will lead to achieving an original creative expression, with full compliance with the regulations and norms, as well as current stylistic tendencies (Kadijević, 2009:210). When establishing relations in the interpolation procedure, it is necessary to take into consideration the constitutive elements of the existing buildings (volume, height, spatial organization, horizontal and vertical facade zone division, artistic details, symbolic emphasis, construction, elements of materialization), but at the same time it is vital to aspire to establish the dialogue and the relations between the key elements of the inill object and one of the two adjoining objects (Kadijević, 2009:206; Kadijević, 2015:257). Z. Jurić and A. Vukadin stress that the key problem of interpolation of contemporary international modern architecture into historic urban centers is the stylistic class between the new and the old which creates “hybridization” of the historic ambience. If interpolation cannot be avoided, these two authors agree that the only possible option is “softening the morphological spans” (Jurić, Vukadin, 2009:133-134).
In this new architecture, all applications for writing, reading and data acquisition are performed by the virtualization agent who is the monitor of internal and external control devices agents via emulation interfaces. Agents in the top layer never communicate with the agents of the base layer. If the virtualization agent remains unchanged, the behavior of agents of the top layer does not change however. A modification of the lower layer does not impact the higher one since we keep the virtualization agent. It is clear that in practice if we change a material in the lower layer, we can keep the same operating system without changing it completely. This brings us later to ask about the methodology of designing an embedded system. Should we design the hardware before the software at the same time or separately? We will get back to this issue after discussing the architecture of the embedded system based on virtualization.
A cloud is called a "public cloud" when the services are rendered over a network that is open for public use. Public cloud services may be free. Technically there may be little or no difference between public and private cloud architecture, however, security consideration may be substantially different for services that are made available by a service provider for a public audience and when communication is effected over a non-trusted network. Generally, public cloud service providers like Amazon AWS, Microsoft and Google own and operate the infrastructure at their data center and access is generally via the Internet. AWS and Microsoft also offer direct connect services called "AWS Direct Connect" and "Azure Express Route" respectively, such connections require customers to purchase or lease a private connection to a peering point offered by the cloud provider.
A bidirectional channel network-on-chip (BiNoC) architecture is proposed in this section to enhance the performance of on-chip communication. In a BiNoC, each communication channel allows itself to be dynamically reconfigured to transmit flits in either direction. This added flexibility promises better bandwidth utilization, lower packet delivery latency, and higher packet consumption rate. Novel on-chip router architecture is developed to support dynamic self-reconfiguration of the bidirectional traffic flow. The flow direction at each channel is controlled by a channel-direction-control (CDC) protocol. Implemented with a pair of finite state machines. This channel-direction-control protocol is shown to be of high performance, free of deadlock, and free of starvation. This paper presents a VHDL based cycle accurate register transfer level model for evaluating the latency, throughput, dynamic, and leakage power consumption of NoC based interconnection architectures. We implemented a parameterized register transfer level design of the NoC architecture elements.
Currently, concerning RbD, is a recurrent idea to have the aim in the best design. Nev- ertheless, we have numerous examples of good research (and RbD) which result in a not so interesting object or final goal. This happens in architecture, design and art. How many excellent sketches give place to not so good results? On another hand, we see many examples of research that evolves into masterpieces, and many other ex- amples of artists, designers and architects that study sketches and create evolution from the work of other creators. So, it’s important to emphasise that sometimes the own process is research by itself and, for that reason, can be an excellent basis to think of.
During the process of detail design, decisions are made and justified but the justifications are often unrecorded and are lost over time (Perry and Wolf, 1992; Tyree and Ackerman, 2005). System and software architecturedesign often involves many implicit assumptions (Roeller et al., 2005) and convoluted decisions that cut across different parts of the system. A change in one part of the architecturedesign could affect the parts of the business objects, controller objects (by decision) and the usability pattern. A simple shift of an implicit assumption might affect seemingly disparate design objects and such change impacts could not be identified easily. This intricacy is quite different from detailed software design where usually the design or program specifications are self-explanatory. At the system and software architecture level, there are a multitude of influences that can be implicit, complex and intractable. In a survey on architecturedesign rationale (Tang et al., 2006), that is found 85% of architects agreed that the use of design rationale is important in justifying design and 80% of the respondents said they fail to understand the reasons of a design decision without design rationale support. Furthermore, 74% of respondents forget their own design decisions half the time or more often. These results indicate the need to capture the design rationale for system maintenance. The erosion of architecturedesign rationale can result in ill-informed decisions because the original design reasoning was missing. As a result, it may lead to inconsistent design and violations of design constraints. The impacts can be serious because architecturedesign is fundamental to a system. Consequently, the rectification of errors can be very costly.
papers implementation is done for 3bit majority logic. But in this particular paper the main focus is the implementation of 4bit majority logic on FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) used for design verification. From the available FPGA architectures design is implemented on the FPGA that provides the low chip area (lowest gate count) & low power consumption. So in the present architecture efforts are done to reduce the power and chip area. In the Digital IC design area, speed & power consumption are the parameters which are available for optimization. When an IC is designed the power is consumed to charge the parasitic capacitance of the interconnections. So by choosing the particular material this factor can be reduced by the significant amount decided by the process technology. So by choosing a particular FPGA package required for final implementation one can reduce the parasitic effects in the architecturedesign. The another method is the gate clocking in which the output of the AND gate is connected with the clock input inside the architecturedesign. Keywords
- Architecture trade-off analysis —It is well known that trade-offs must be made in systems, because the accomplishment of a certain quality is often at the expense of another quality. Common examples of trade-offs are performance versus modifiability, availability versus safety, security versus performance, and interoperability versus cost.14 The use of service orientation in systems that have high system-quality requirements will require architectural trade-offs at the expense of loose coupling and flexibility. If the added overhead for a service-oriented system to meet quality requirements comes at the expense of the characteristics for which SOA is known, the decision to use service- oriented concepts should be reevaluated. An architecture analysis and evaluation method that is guided by business drivers and performed via scenarios in which the usage of SOA technologies is key can also help an architect make better, early, and informed decisions.
• Quality Requirements of a Software Family (QRF) method  of VTT captures and maps the requirements of a product family in the family architecture by analyzing the needs of business and technology development stakeholders and the impact of these needs on the family architecture. The QRF consists of five steps: Impact analysis, which is defined through a framework that enables to define and negotiate requirements. In this step, it uses the i* framework , a graph called the Strategic Dependency model to define different stakeholders’ functionality requirements and quality requirements; Quality analysis, where quality requirements are expressed in a way in which they can later be traced and measured. In this step the quality requirements are prioritized (low, medium, high); Variability analysis, where quality requirements that vary on the business domain are defined. This variation is specified in the Strategic Dependency model; Hierarchical domain analysis is used to map common and variable Quality Aspects to functionality (hierarchical service categories) and Quality Representation to describe architecture in a way that quality requirements can be evaluated from the architectural models. For this last step, two main means are used: Architectural styles and patterns and a NFR (Non-Functional Requirements) framework to carry out a trade-off analysis and select the style that meets the quality requirements best; and profiles to extend the architectural models to support certain quality aspects.
employed for identifying the symptoms and altering key system parameters. The DBMS system log file will be the primary source of information checks the current status of the system. The data miner tool compresses the data into smaller information base since the log file may contain huge amount of data. The architecture has three basic building blocks comprising of Data Miner, Script and Tuner. After the extraction of meaningful information, the extent of correction required is estimated by the proposed script and algorithms.
The development of landscape architecture as municipal parks, recreational areas and theme parks should be seen as a physical entity that developing land with other improvements (Mar Iman, 2005). Land which contains the development of landscape architecture may consider aspects such as size, shape, content creation, topsoil (epipedon), subsoil (endopedon), accessibility and so on. Repair formed from the development of a managed landscape architecture can be seen as a building, open space and recreation, natural or artificial elements of water, plants and so on.
Gardens by the Bay Grant Associates & Gustafson Porter Gardens by the Bay is the largest landscape architecture project in Singapore’s history. Innovative elements are combined with lush tropical vegetation in the first of three parks. (Rinaldi, 2012, p.97) In recent years Far East Asia began to reconsider their development models that were previously based on rapid urban expansion with little focus upon both morphological and landscape issues. This consequently resulted in increasingly sterile and homogeneous urban environments within cities such as Singapore. There was hence an ambition to create new natural environments that contradicted the previously rapid urban expansion and development which resulted in a loss of urban quality and identity. Singapore, a city with an ever- growing symbol of globalisation, has promoted itself as a modern city able to integrate its tropical nature. This is “evident in the slogans it has used through the decades, ever since the first ‘Garden City’ campaign begun in 1968 by the prime minister at that time, Lee Kuan Yew, who thus launched a greening program expressing the national identity. After 1991, Singapore presented itself as the ‘Tropical City of Excellence’ (Singapore’s 1991 Concept Plan). More recently, the term became ‘City in a Garden’ (2009), a description coined to accompany the creation of a pervasive and continuous system of parks, urban gardens, natural reserves and park connectors out of which the metropolis emerges. The landscape project became the medium to promote Singapore all over the world.” (Rinaldi, 2012, p.98).
The Mentor Graphics ModelSim tool  was used to run the simulations necessary for the validation of all designs. Testbenchs were described in VHDL to manage the input and output architecture data. The input stimuli were the data extracted from the reference software. Its output results were saved in different text files. The comparison of the proposed architecture results and reference software results was performed by specific software developed to validate the proposed architecture. These steps were repeated exhaustively for some coded video sequences with the main profile tools on. The first validation step consists of a behavioral model simulation of the designed architectures. The second step repeats the validation process considering a post place-and- route model of these architectures. To generate the post place- and-route model the RTL VHDL description was synthesized to the target FPGA device. The synthesis result is a back annotated VHDL mapped to the FPGA device structure, with delays of cells and wires. In this step the Xilinx ISE tool  was used with the ModelSim in order to generate the post place-and-route information about the architectures. The target device selected was a Xilinx XC2VP30 Virtex-II Pro FPGA .
Com respeito à terminologia, uso tanto o conceito ‹projeto› como o termo ‹design› que, como se sabe, não são coextensivos. ‹Projeto› se refere à dimensão antropológica da criação e formação de artefatos materiais e simbólicos, enquan- to ‹design› significa um modo da atividade projetual do capitalismo tardio, tal como a partir dos anos 1970, difundiu-se globalmente. O debate das questões terminológicas sobre o desenho industrial no Brasil se intensificou a partir da década de 1960, quando começaram a surgir os cursos superiores nessa área. O adjetivo industrial foi utilizado para aproveitar as conotações positivas do termo, abrangendo projetos de produtos e projetos gráficos. Anteriormente, essa designa- ção abrangia apenas os produtos fabricados pelos processos industriais. A tradução de design por desenho também foi infeliz porque o design (no sentido de projeto) pode ser realizado sem a colocação de esboços (drawings, dibujos) no papel.
The application interfaces with the standard I/O library to perform regular I/O functions, such as a printf or a scanf call, and accesses window management through the VITRAL API. Through a portability layer, the VITRAL core is capable of interfacing with several distinct OS and devices, as long as they provide some basic functionality. Thus, VITRAL offers an enhanced multicolor text mode window manager while maintaining a low resource usage (~ 60 KiB) and is designed for real-time systems [COUT06a]. VITRAL is built under a highly modular architecture which makes it easily portable to other Operating System kernels or underlying hardware as described in [COUT06a].
During the MOIRA project collection of environmental and population data was carried out using MapInfo GIS. GIS- based models were developed (using MapBasic®) to help the user in querying or estimating of GIS-based data related to a certain lake, part of a river or another geographical location. The MOIRA system is the result of the design, de- velopment and evaluation undertaken during the MOIRA (Monte et al., 2000) project, COMETES (Monte et al., 2002a) project, TRA-RAD-FW course (EC-Sponsored train- ing course on radiological assessment and decision-making for the management of contaminated freshwater ecosystems, Madrid, Spain, 2002) as well as ongoing EVANET-HYDRA thematic network http://info.casaccia.enea.it/evanet-hydra. MOIRA software and documentation web-site is http:// moiradss.topcities.com.
ABSTRACT: Parameters such as tolerance, scale and agility utilized in data sampling for using in Precision Agriculture required an expressive number of researches and development of techniques and instruments for automation. It is highlighted the employment of methodologies in remote sensing used in coupled to a Geographic Information System (GIS), adapted or developed for agricultural use. Aiming this, the application of Agricultural Mobile Robots is a strong tendency, mainly in the European Union, the USA and Japan. In Brazil, researches are necessary for the development of robotics platforms, serving as a basis for semi-autonomous and autonomous navigation systems. The aim of this work is to describe the project of an experimental platform for data acquisition in field for the study of the spatial variability and development of agricultural robotics technologies to operate in agricultural environments. The proposal is based on a systematization of scientific work to choose the design parameters utilized for the construction of the model. The kinematic study of the mechanical structure was made by the virtual prototyping process, based on modeling and simulating of the tension applied in frame, using the.