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On the assessment of cross-border regions' development potential

On the assessment of cross-border regions' development potential

The research of those economists who studied the human activities in particular territories achieved the greatest success. So for the first time in the middle of last century, a new field of science dealing with regions — regional economy — emerged. Regional economy is one of those subjects which study the region as a holistic socio-economic system. Its subject is space, regions, locations, and their changes. The term "regional science" was first introduced by the American economist W. Isard. In his paper "Location and Space Economy," he argues that the representational system of regions can be considered as an area corresponding to a certain pattern and structure.
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K ocenke potenciala razvitija prigranichnyh regionov [On the assessment of cross-border regions' development potential]

K ocenke potenciala razvitija prigranichnyh regionov [On the assessment of cross-border regions' development potential]

This article sets out to assess the potential of cross-border region development on the basis of theoretical and methodological mate- rials. The study examines the Kaliningrad re- gion and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship. The article is focused on the modelling of interin- dustry balance and export/import functions of border territories.

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Europeanization through cross-border cooperation: the case of western Ukrainian regions

Europeanization through cross-border cooperation: the case of western Ukrainian regions

Like the programmes, the Euroregions bring many positive consequences to the spatial-social relationship in the selected regions, as local authorities become more involved in the process of governance and establish interpersonal networks of local elites, and also the CSOs become more developed and more engaged and shape interaction in the Euroregions (Popescu, 2008: 433). Euroregions usually do not have any direct political power, and their works are limited to the competencies of the local and regional authorities involved (Velychko, 2012: 132). Their main responsibility is ensuring ‘good neighbourhood’ relations between the communities separated by the border, improving their quality of life, and promoting cooperation (Velychko, 2012). Moreover, some authors defend that the Euroregion can be used as a ‘perfect tool for development’ (Brusylovska, 2019: 6), and can even be a possible way to integration, since Euroregions, according to Sousa, have been called by the European Commission as "laboratories of European Integration" (Sousa, 2012: 16). Nonetheless, the eastern Euroregions are different from the western European regions, because they have a “weak ‘umbrella’ of integration” that includes and supports lower levels of regional cooperation (Tanaka, 2006: 65). Also, it should be acknowledged that Euroregions do not guarantee for certain the resolution of regional and local development issues, and to be as effective as possible, the policies in the border regions should stimulate the private sector and civic initiatives (Strizhakova, 2017: 77), even though they are great tools for a bottom-up approach in order to create "bridges" between communities and countries, depending on the partnership and cooperation projects between authorities, like the CBC projects (Vasylova, 2012).
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Vneshnjaja politika Pol'shi i Kaliningradskaja oblast' v 1989—2012 godah [The foreign policy of Poland and the Kaliningrad region in 1989—2012]

Vneshnjaja politika Pol'shi i Kaliningradskaja oblast' v 1989—2012 godah [The foreign policy of Poland and the Kaliningrad region in 1989—2012]

2. Chełminiak, M., Kotowicz, W. Modzelewski, W. T. 2006, The Polish — Rus- sian Cross-Border Cooperation. Institutional Conditions and Perspectives of Regio- nal Development. In: Palmowski, T., Matviyishyn, Y. (ed.), Problems of Regional Development in Border Regions of Ukraine and Poland, Lviv, pp. 226—245.

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The importance of the Swedish–Norwegian border citizens’ perspectives for bottom-up cross-border planning strategies

The importance of the Swedish–Norwegian border citizens’ perspectives for bottom-up cross-border planning strategies

The aim of this article is to highlight the potential gains of implementing a bottom-up CBPS that includes the border region residents’ perspectives in relation to mainstream strategic economic growth rationales. Our analysis is important because it provides a platform for debating the potential advantages of implementing CBPS. It has a poten- tial solution to invert common less-positive socio-economic development trends in most European cross-border regions compared with trends in larger metropolitan areas. Fur- thermore, our focus on a European cross-border area is important in a context in which such areas have been taking centre stage within EU policymaking (i.e. the elevation of the Interreg community initiative into a main goal of the EU’s cohesion policy, namely European territorial cooperation (European Commission 2017)). This context provides a framework for thinking about how cross-border processes can operate more efficiently between governance levels that mediate and interconnect urban, local, regional, and national territorial planning processes. Our empirical case study investigates the Värmlanders’ positive and nega- tive views on their proximity to Norway. The following research questions sum up our focus:
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Sustainable planning of cross-border cooperation: a strategy for alliances in border cities

Sustainable planning of cross-border cooperation: a strategy for alliances in border cities

Also, and considering recent research regarding CBC projects and strategies, several disparities have been identified among CBC projects and their results [2,21,31–34], among many other studies and pieces of research regarding not only their relevance to influence positively their populations, but also to achieve sustainability. Some cross-border regions may provide innovative platforms for multidimensional integration processes, which are needed to achieve more sustainable life standards. As territorial integration processes are occurring on a regional level, some activities can be labeled as “cross-border region building” and “territorial integration processes”. It is necessary to answer what this means for the search for better policies and strategies. the opportunities that are created by cross-border cooperation will be highlighted. That is why, for sustainable CBC development, it is necessary to use sustainable planning [35]. One sustainable planning tool, especially on borderlands, is a strategy including the cross-border alliances of cities and cross-border alliances of various entities on the municipal level [36]. Specific planning strategies can be used, among others, to foster a coordinated approach towards a sustainable regional planning to improve connectivity and the movement between cities, regarding accessibility and transportation, infrastructure, and services, developing common master plans, and a strong political commitment towards the CBC project. However, considering the large possibility of methods and sustainable planning approaches towards the success of CBC projects, each case needs to be deeply analyzed to define specific planning.
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Border Health Research Agenda Council Meeting Report

Border Health Research Agenda Council Meeting Report

o Two ex-officio members; one, a representative from the Pan American H ealth O rganization and the other, a representative from the United States-Mexico Border H ealth Commission. There was broad debate on this point on the importance of having the U.S.-Mexico Border H ealth Commission (USMBH C) involved as a member of the steering committee. In order to formalize the inclusion of the USMBH C, the other members of the Steering Committee will request that a presentation be made on this issue at the next plenary meeting, the date for which is still pending. Dr. Paul Villas, Texas State Commissioner, will recommend inclusion of this point on the agenda for the next meeting. Concerning this same point, participants emphasized the importance of having both institutions assign funding resources for operating the Border H ealth Research Council and for having both institutions mobilize funding resources required for performing research activities that have been identified as being relevant for the border.
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National borders and conservation: evidence from the Amazon

National borders and conservation: evidence from the Amazon

The coefficient of interest is γ, which measures the difference in the probability a pixel is still forested in 2000, or deforested in a given year after 2000, on the Brazilian side of the border compared to the other side. We estimate equation (1) by OLS in our main specifications. When we perform exercises to assess if there are heterogeneity in institutions across different segments of the border and land types within Brazil, we estimate equation (1) using a Poisson model. We do this because there are substantial differences in baseline magnitudes of deforestation in different parts of the Amazon, and we can consistently interpret the estimates from the Poisson regressions as relative increase in the Brazilian side. We also use the Poisson model as a robustness to our main specification. Our identifying assumption is that other factors that might affect deforestation change smoothly across national borders. If this assumption is valid, by controlling for a poly- nomial in distance from the border, we remove additional sources of biases and allow for causal inference. We look directly at four factors that may influence deforestation: land slope, distance to water, distance to urban areas, and distance to roads. Table 2 shows the estimates of γ which represent the discontinuous change in the level of these covari- ates at the Brazilian border for three different segments of the border and four different bandwidths. Overall, columns 1, 4, 7, and 10 show that that these factors are smoothly distributed around the Brazilian border. (The remaining columns are for robustness subsamples we discuss in more detail in Section 4.1 below). Nonetheless, in our main specification we estimate (1) controlling for natural covariates: land slope and distance from water. We present results without any controls and including controls for distance from urban areas, distance to roads, distance to Brazilian urban areas and Brazilian roads in the robustness tables. 20
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A reconstruction method based on AL0FGD for compressed sensing in border monitoring WSN system.

A reconstruction method based on AL0FGD for compressed sensing in border monitoring WSN system.

The actual border monitoring signal considered in this paper is the sound signal (e.g. helicopter sound). Currently, in most of the border monitoring systems, the video monitoring technology and the radar technology are used. However, these technologies have some disadvantages, such as high demand to the environment, the existence of blind areas and poor concealment. If the sound identification technology could be applied on this region, combined with video monitoring and radar technologies, the monitoring probability will be further elevated [23–25]. Therefore, amount of sound sensor nodes would be deployed in the border monitoring areas. Here we take the helicopter sound signal as an example to evaluate the performance of the proposed method in border monitoring WSN system.
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Barrier effect and cross-border cooperation. The Sweden-Norway INTERREG–A territorial effects

Barrier effect and cross-border cooperation. The Sweden-Norway INTERREG–A territorial effects

the boundary between norway and sweden is one of the longest in the world between two states (Lundén, 2004), but it was far from being a static and highly isolated type of border in the pre ­interreg ­a period like, for instance, the border between Portugal and spain. even so, each side of the border developed its own administrative practices and has gone its own economic way since norway became independent in 1905. Half a century later, the nordic countries decided to establish a more formal and fruitful process of cross ­border approximation, both on the natio­ nal and on the regional levels. Consequently, when interreg ­a between sweden and norway was initiated (1994), the degree of isolation in the border area between both countries was already low, compared with many other european borders. in addition, the nordic interreg programmes have been in the making for decades (nordregio, 2007), thus contributing to the establishment of a long ­standing tradition in cooperation between the nordic border nations and regions.
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A new form of cross-border cooperation

A new form of cross-border cooperation

The main purpose of the monograph is to study the notion of "Twin Cit- ies" in the North of Europe. The "Twin Cities" model is known as a relative- ly new form of cross-border cooperation, which developed in Europe in the last two decades. The "Twin Cities" Association, established in 2006, inclu- des seven "pairs of cities" from the countries of Central, Eastern and Nor- thern Europe.

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REMHU, Rev. Interdiscip. Mobil. Hum.  vol.24 número46

REMHU, Rev. Interdiscip. Mobil. Hum. vol.24 número46

The border in any case “physical” of national space broken by the arrival of migrants becomes essentially a symbolic border when you trace a difference and mistrust through the social construction of fear and crime as the main way of seeing the presence of foreigners in Italy. Palidda explains the criminalisation of foreigners as a set of “discourses, facts and practices made by the police, judicial authorities, but also local governments, media, and a part of the population that hold immigrants/aliens responsible for a large share of criminal offences” 27 .

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A taxonomic review of the species of Charax Scopoli, 1777 (Teleostei: Characidae: Characinae) with description of a new species from the rio Negro bearing superficial neuromasts on body scales, Amazon basin, Brazil

A taxonomic review of the species of Charax Scopoli, 1777 (Teleostei: Characidae: Characinae) with description of a new species from the rio Negro bearing superficial neuromasts on body scales, Amazon basin, Brazil

Color in alcohol. Body pale to light yellow, slightly darker dorsally than ventrally due to concentration of dark chromatophores on predorsal and postdorsal scales. Dark chromatophores mostly concentrated on basal portions of scales leaving light area on remaining portion of each scale and forming alternate pattern of dark and light spots along longitudinal scale rows on body. Whitish color of vertically arranged superficial neuromasts on skin of basal portion of each scale and contrasting strongly with background dark coloration of basal portion of scale (Fig. 1). Scales on lateral and ventral body portions with fewer chromatophores. Irregularly shaped dark humeral blotch, much closer to dorsal- fin origin than to posterior border of opercle, encompassing about 5 scales vertically and horizontally. Dark blotch on caudal peduncle approximately triangular, higher posteriorly and extending over basal portions of central caudal-fin rays. Dorsal portions of head from tip of snout to supraoccipital region darker than remainder of head, dark color extending vertically over first, second, and anterior portion of third infraorbitals below orbit, dorsal portion of prepercle and inner border of opercle. Most of third, fourth and fifth infraorbitals, ventral portion of preopercle, posterior border of opercle and subopercle largely unpigmented with scattered dark chromatophores. Tip of lower jaw dark; lighter posteriorly with scattered chromatophores. Tip of dorsal fin dark. Anal fin with faint basal dark stripe extending from about basal portion of first branched anal-fin ray to end of fin, this stripe separated by light anteriorly wide stripe involving basal and median portions of unbranched rays, narrower from this point backward. Conspicuous dark wider marginal dark stripe extending to end of fins, initially separated by small light stripe extending only to about tenth branched anal-fin ray. Tip of pelvic fin dark, pectorals light with few scattered dark chromatophores. Marginal portion of caudal fin dark, all fin with scattered dark chromatophores.
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Cross-border reverse takeover: o caso das multinacionais brasileiras

Cross-border reverse takeover: o caso das multinacionais brasileiras

E como os investidores avaliam? Yang (2015) estudou as aquisições conduzidas por empresas de nove países em desenvolvimento e concluiu que os investidores avaliam bem as aquisições quando se adquire uma parcela maior do controle da empresa alvo. Ning et al. (2014) chegaram ao mesmo resultado para empresas chinesas, contudo, também foram verificadas reações adversas quando o controlador do adquirente era um investidor institucional ou estatal (CHEN; YOUNG, 2010). Dakessiean e Feldman (2014) concluíram que o impacto de curto prazo foi neutro para os investidores de multilatinas adquirentes. Nicholson e Salaber (2013) verificaram que, no caso Chinês e Indiano, a reação de curto prazo dos investidores foi positiva às aquisições cross-border. Bhagat, Malhotra e Zhu (2011) documentaram um pequeno, porém estatisticamente significante retorno positivo para o adquirente. Já Aybar e Ficici (2009) reportaram destruição de valor em mais da metade das fusões e aquisições cross-border.
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Territories in transition: the Uruguayan-Brazilian border

Territories in transition: the Uruguayan-Brazilian border

Both sides of the border exhibit little advancement in en- dogenous development: interactions between rural and ur- ban areas are very rare, and experiences of economic in- novation have little impact on the local economy, except for the two cases in Rio Grande do Sul, previously discussed. There are new sectors as biotechnology in the Uruguayan department of Cerro Largo, and energy generation from alternative sources such as biomass or wind power which have great potential for the future but the effects have not yet been evaluated. The energy sector can play a leading role in projects of cross-border cooperation, in territories where there is an increasing demand of energy services. On the other hand, the expansion of forestry and industrial ag- riculture is a major disincentive to innovation and a power- ful factor that favors the traditional economic sectors.
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Rabies on Mexico's northern border, 1969-1980

Rabies on Mexico's northern border, 1969-1980

Data relating to a Mexican rabies control program in that country’s northern border region show that rabies poses an important public health problem in sev- eralfron[r]

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Assessing performance drivers in cross-border MA

Assessing performance drivers in cross-border MA

Method of payment. The currency used to settle the deal – i.e., whether to pay providing acquirer’s stock or cash to target firm – is one of the most relevant aspects of M&A operations. Due to the considerable uncertainty surrounding cross-border deals than domestic investment, the importance of payment method gets even more compelling within the present framework. Whereas cash-financed M&A generally entail local management replacement, a first relevant advantage of stock payments consists in keeping core human resources within the target firm 60 . This leads to a less disruptive integration process in which local expertise is retained. Indeed, long-term indirect effects arising from turnover might turn to be detr imental to acquirer’s value and undermine M&A success in the worst case 61 . Employees and particularly senior management retention is actually a direct determinant of knowledge transfer 62 . Empirical evidence actually suggests that tacit knowledge 63 transfer is an essential determinant of cross- border deals’ outcomes 64 and a source of competitive advantage due to difficult imitation 65 .
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Influenza in tropical regions.

Influenza in tropical regions.

Resolving this question is of paramount importance to vaccine composition and infl uenza control in tropical regions. Because of year- round infl uenza activity, it is not clear whether the Northern Hemisphere or Southern Hemisphere recommended composition should be used, and what the optimal timing for the vaccination campaign would be. Indeed, the infl uenza vaccination strategy may have to be tailored to each individual tropical region, based on local

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IASIFRS Mandatory Adoption and Cross-Border MA

IASIFRS Mandatory Adoption and Cross-Border MA

This research examines completed M&A transactions whose announcement date ranges between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2010. The deals are collected for the period considered through the Thomson One Database, distinctly selecting domestic and cross- border mergers and acquisitions. With the intention to study and compare different samples, I portioned the transaction to combine listed and unlisted target companies from IFRS adopting countries and from IFRS non-adopting countries. Specifically, a higher number of observations are collected compared to Henock and Oktay’s research (2014) by considering a larger number of IFRS adopting and non-adopting countries. Also, specific attention is directed towards the classification of the acquirers involved: the dataset only contains M&As whose acquirer is a publicly traded company in order to avoid potential bias due to going-private transactions or to M&As carried out by shell companies (Henock and Oktay, 2014).
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Origin of superior thyroid artery: under the surgeon’s knife

Origin of superior thyroid artery: under the surgeon’s knife

In 2 of the 60 cases, with an incidence of 3.33%, the STA arose from the CCA. This was infrequent and in both cases it arose from the left CCA (Figure 4). Moreover, in these two cases, the SLA arose from the ECA and the external laryngeal nerve (ELN) did not cross the stem of the STA at all, but ran ventral and parallel to the artery (Figures 4 and 5). A bilateral variation was observed in only 1 of the 21 head and neck specimens (in which the specimen had both right and left heminecks). Here, the STA arose from the CCB on the left side and from the ECA on the right side. In right and left sides combined, in 96.66% of cases, the level of the origin of STA was above the level of the superior border of the thyroid cartilage, in 1.66% the origin was at the level of the upper border of cartilage, and in 1.66% the origin was below the upper border (Table 2).
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