The data were collected through individual in- terview, on pre or post-nursing consultation. The interview guide was composed based on the theory of Orem's Self-Care  and the Brazilian Guidelines for Cardiac Transplantation . The intention was to collects not only the information about self-care activities, but also those relating to the conditioningfactors which interfere in the self-care practice of cardiac transplant patient after hospital discharge, considering the indicators: gender, age, education, family income, state civil, religion, profession, illness time and surgery. The authors also developed and used a self-care evaluation scale, focusing on uni- versal, developmental and health deviation require- ments of the cardiac transplant patient, seeking to evaluate the Engagement Profile Self-Care, which is in validation course.
In our study, we only conduct a one year analysis. This question is justified by a central reason. The changeability of directors’ mandate is relatively low, since board members are elected for wide periods of time. Thus, either board size, the proportion of independent or even the presence of both women and foreigners on the board are unlikely to fluctuate. Hence, conducting a cross sectional analysis throughout multiple years does not add substantial value. Nevertheless, adding explanatory variables with higher probability of oscillation would require gathering information over multiple fiscal years. Our suggestions could lead to conceive a new way of developing an empirical analysis concerning the board conditioningfactors of firm performance. Indeed, comparable information, over several years, regarding board of directors’ features, compensation and managerial ownership, over a wider set of European countries, would be likely to enable researchers to develop a statistical analysis through progressive econometric techniques.
Our understanding of the incentives of electoral systems, however, comes from comparative studies, which implies that the effect of a given institutional configuration is relative; it does not apply in absolute terms. This leads to two findings in Brazil: 01. there are other factors present in the electoral arena besides those mentioned above; and 02. the incentive for the personal vote, although present, can have a marginal effect in comparison to others. Put this way, this is not a new argument. When Carvalho (2003) and Nicolau (2006) discussed the behavior of deputies, their empirical observations led them to assume the possibility of different tactics, despite the rules being the same throughout the entire country. Although personalism exists, not all deputies act as though that were the only incentive (ANDRÉ, DEPAUW and MARTIN, 2016), and we still know little about their different strategies. Moreover, the importance of context for the formation of these strategies for Brazil still has not been evaluated.
Aims: To evaluate, by means of a seroepidemiological survey, the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in undergraduate students of Nursing and Biological Sciences from the Anhanguera – UNIDERP University, in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State. Methods: Serum samples were tested with solid phase ELISA for determination of speciic IgM and IgG antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii. The data were correlated to sociodemographic factors and habits that might have inluenced the transmission of infection. Results: Among the 100 students studied, 39% (39/100) were IgG reagent for toxoplasmosis (conidence interval [CI) 95%: 29.4%-48.6%) and none were IgM reagent. A statistically signiicant association between the presence of cats at home and positivity for toxoplasmosis was found. Among serum reagent academics, 72.97% (95% CI: 58.7%-87.3%) reported owning or having owned cats in the home, while among the seronegative for toxoplasmosis, 50% (CI 95%: 36.9%-63.1%) reported owning or having owned cats. With respect to alimentary risk factors (eating of raw/undercooked meat, raw vegetables, raw milk and raw egg), no association was found with Toxoplasma gondii infection. The frequency of serum reactive individuals was signiicantly higher in the age group above 25 years (p=0.01). Conclusions: The occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii speciic antibodies was relatively low when compared to the average prevalence found in different population samples from Brazil. Presence of cats at home was the risk factor identiied as likely responsible for the infection. The prevalence of seropositivity for toxoplasmosis was higher in the age group above 25 years.
Em diálogo com esses autores, Marcelo Garcia (2010) discute a questão do isolamento incluindo a perspectiva do início da docência. Ele é trazido como um dos principais problemas enfrentados pelo professor iniciante e uma das características do trabalho docente, uma vez que professores com frequência enfrentam sozinhos a tarefa de ensinar. Schlichte, Yssel e Merbler (2005) também trazem a questão do isolamento em professores iniciantes mas a partir de um enfoque no burnout e em como o isolamento e a alienação levam a ele ainda no primeiro ano de docência. As autoras falam de fatores preventivos (“protective factors”, tradução nossa) que ajudariam professores a lidar com as demandas do trabalho e que incluem mentoria, rede de apoio, socialização e colegialidade. É bastante discutido neste trabalho como a falta de apoio emocional leva ao isolamento, o que inclui o sentimento de não estar sendo cuidado, de não ser visto, não se sentir necessário ou importante no coletivo. O isolamento, portanto, não estaria diretamente ligado à individualização do sujeito, mas à sua objetificação (a falta de reconhecimento no outro e de se sentir pertencente a um coletivo).
Despite the prevalence of difficulties were cited some factors available in the industry that allow an audience in a humane and welcoming. It is noteworthy that not only structural, but also part of each professional, such as the goodwill that they have to provide a quality service. The goodwill was placed as the main facilitating factor, making it clear that predominate factors that hinder the process of hosting a humane way.
Objective: To analyze basic self-care conditioningfactors and quality of life associated with health, relating them to self-care capacity among individuals in the preoperative period of coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Method: Descriptive study with a quantitative approach, theoretically and methodologically anchored in the Self-care Deicit Nursing heory. Data were collected between March and August 2013, using the Self-care Assessment Scale and the Medical Outcomes 36 Item Short Form Health Survey. Results: here was a correlation between self-care capacity and quality of life in the preoperative period of coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Conclusion: Among participants of this study, a reduction in quality of life may have occurred due to the presence of noncommunicable diseases; nevertheless, individuals sought the best ways to care for themselves.
This article presents results of qualitative research done with street dwellers in the Federal District in Brazil, in 2009, linking their life conditions to the concept of vulnerability and vulneration, as conceived by bioethics. It describes aspects of this group’s daily life, listing vulnerability’s conditioningfactors related to the precariousness of their existence such as hunger, lack of housing and infrastructure, difficulty in obtaining documents, in addition to accentuated susceptibility to violence by State agents, as well as by the population at large. It Concludes that constant exposure to such factors not only makes this group vulnerable, but, in fact, injured, reaffirming the relevance of this concept and encouraging public institutions’ protective measures.
The largest auxiliary load on a passenger car’s engine is input power reyuired by the air conditioning system’s compressor. During a peak load the compressor would consume up to 5 to 6 kW of power from the vehicle’s engine power output. This is eyuivalent to a vehicle being driven at a speed of 56 km/h. The additional fuel consumption when the air conditioning system is in used is yuite substantial. One study indicated that the air conditioner usage reduces fuel economy by about 20%. It also increases the emissions of nitrogen oxides by about 80% and carbon dioxide (CO) by about 70%, although the actual numbers depend on the actual driving conditions. A semi empirical computer simulation program (CARSIM) for simulating thermal and energy performance of an automotive air conditioning (AAC) system of a passenger car has been developed . The empirical correlations for evaporator sensible and latent heat transfer were embedded in the loads calculation program to enable the determination of evaporator inlet and outlet air conditions and the passenger cabin air conditions. The computer program has been validated by comparing its predicted outputs with the data obtained from an actual road test on a Proton Wira Aeroback passenger car. The results predicted by the CARSIM computer program were found to have very good agreement with the actual road test data, with errors ranging between 2 to 4%.
We thus started by re-examining the role of AC in the expression of fear memory by testing the effect of AC post-training lesions on the expression of fear memory. However, as lesions underlying the reported learning impairments encompassed the entire primary, secondary and perirhinal cortices, and because thalamic nuclei projecting to the amygdala are reciprocally connected to the auditory cortex, we thus hypothesized that previously reported learning impairments might result from lesions directly and indirectly simultaneously targeting both pathways to the amygdala. More importantly, because the redundancy of auditory inputs to the amygdala basically relies on the segregation between leminscal and non-lemniscal inputs (both targeting the AC), by doing such large cortical lesions both tuned and non-tuned auditory inputs to the amygdala were probably disrupted. Therefore, we decided to selectively lesion the frequency selective primary AC (A1), the lemniscal part of the AC, in order to minimize mixed effects of disrupting the two pathways because no significant connectivity between A1 and the main thalamic nuclei projecting to the amygdala seems to exist. Post-training cortical lesions were thus performed, and animals were trained in a standard auditory fear conditioning protocol to determine whether A1 is the main auditory pathway for learning, in which case an effect on retrieval of fear memory was expected.
This Project work presents study and experimental analysis of Desiccant based air conditioning system.The main purpose of this project is to increase the efficency of air conditioning system.In the convenstional air conditioning system cooling coli has two load latent load and sensible load. Cooling has to cool the air and simultaneously to dehumidify it.It increases load on cooling coil and affects performance to the system. To increase the efficiency the air conditioning system desiccant materials are used at the inlet of the air conditioning test rig. Desiccant materials attract moisture based on differences in vapor pressure. Due to their enormous affinity to absorb water and considerable ability to hold water. Due to use of desiccant material load on the cooling coil reduces since moisture is absorbed by desiccant; cooling coil has to take only sensible load. Analysis is done using different desiccant materials and based on the observation, power consumption before and after desiccant is calculated. From this conclusion is made that desiccant material improves the efficiency of air conditioning test rig
Objetivando avaliar e comparar os possíveis benefícios obtidos pelos processos térmicos, comumentemente utilizados na indústria e, principalmente, pelos processos emergentes vibracionais, cinco condições distintas de soldagem foram aleatoriamente selecionadas, visando analisar uma possível influência dos fatores: temperatura e vibração: a) Convencional; b) Com pré e pós-aquecimento; c) Com tratamento vibracional de alívio tensão; d) Com Weld Conditioning e e) Com Weld Conditioning e pré e pós-aquecimento. As amostras soldadas foram submetidas aos ensaios mecânicos destrutivos e não destrutivos e, objetivando a mensuração dos ganhos, os respectivos resultados obtidos para todas as condições, foram comparados entre si, tomando o processo convencional como referência. Os resultados obtidos mostraram ganhos expressivos como redução do tamanho de grão, aumento de 26,0% da tenacidade, redução de 11,0 % do perfil de microdureza da Zona fundida e ZTA, dentre outros.
Abstract —Achieving thermal comfort with minimum energy consumption is the main requirement in designing an air- conditioning system. This research study about the variable compressor speeds to increase energy efficiency with better temperature control. The usage of on/off controller consumes large energy as the compressor is working at the maximum speeds, and it turns on and off when it achieved the temperature setting, causing high-energy usage. Variable- speed compressor controller will constantly vary the compressor speed to reach the temperature setting. The experiment is done in a thermal environmental room for a controller system to implement the controller algorithms with temperature setting of 23 and 24°C with internal heat loads of 1000 W. Data acquisition system is implemented to monitor of the room temperature, energy consumption, energy saving and coefficient of performance. The proposed variable-speed compressor system indicates more energy savings with better temperature control compared to on/off controller system.
The usefulness of structural speech features to discriminate pathological and non-pathological reports has recently been demonstrated. Specific graph attributes allow the quantitative discrimination of schizophrenic versus manic subjects, even when non-psychotic subjects are included in the sample (Mota et al., 2012, 2014). Similar analyses successfully discriminate patients with Alzheimer’s disease from patients with mild cognitive impairment (Bertola et al., 2014). Overall the results indicate that the graph-theoretical analysis of vocalizations is key to the study of language-related deficits in humans, and may have major applicability in animal models of diseases such as autism, such as the marmoset (Shen, 2013). Effective screening for phenotypes of interest may be provided by semiotic experiments based on conditioning (Figure 1), designed to track essential quantitative differences in the structure of vocalizations as they become indexes, then dicent symbols, and possibly arguments (Figure 2). Before proceeding to the explanation of these experiments and to the justification of the choice of marmosets, it is important to review the known boundaries of vocal learning in primates.
Present study prevalence of slow learners contributed to be as low achievers was contributed to 82(32.4) has scored less than 50 percentages of marks in internal assessment examination. Majority of them were from nuclear family which contributed 204(81.6) and remaining of them come from joint family system 41(16.4) and very few belong to other family system 5(2).And when compared to their attendance many who have scored more than 80% of attendance 165 were from nuclear family and remaining were only 39 who have scored less than 80% of attendance these difference was not statistically significant. When compared with the performance of marks obtained in their internal examination more than 50 percentage of was obtained by students who come from nuclear family which contributed 82.8% when compared to other family system. This difference of family and their scoring pattern is not statistically significant. Similar studies have been contributed by various authors and had no progressive differences. It is evident that the marks are following normal distribution with a mean of 55.We considered 50 percent is cutoff marks to pass the examination.The reason shown by the students among low and high achievers in internal examination that among the low achievers of those who has scored less than 50 percentage of marks in internal examination have promptly agreed the to the reason for their low performance in problem in language, Interest to work along with peer groups and, these difference of observation is statistically significant p<0.005. similarly many studies Kolar by vinutha et al 3 the exact cause of student performance in the academic career is based on multiple factors such as understanding the language,problem in studying on their own,adjustability with peer groups and understanding of the subject taught in the class. There are other extracurricular and co curricular activities that may contribute to poor performance of the students such as peer and parental pressure, impact in learning the subjects andpersonal, medical and other domestic problems etc. In conclusion: low achievers (slow learners) needs to concentrate on their regularity of attending their classes so that to have a better performance in their subsequent internal examinations. Many students felt they were not able to study on their own and perform in their internal assessment examination so students can be encouraged group discussions and effective mentorship programme can be generated in order to have better performance in their internal examinations.
The aerated water soak treatment increased germination completeness and uniformity (Struve et al., 1991) similar to other seed conditioning treatments used on orthodox seeds (Khan, 1993; Parera & Cantliffe, 1994; Poulsen, 1996). However, seed moisture content of unprimed red oak seeds was similar to seed moisture content of conditioned orthodox seed (Bonner, 1968; Khan, 1993; Poulsen, 1996; Pritchard, 1991). During priming, seed moisture content increased 15% over non-primed seeds from an average of 38 to 53%. In Aesculus indica, a recalcitrant species, germination occurred at 57% moisture content (Uniyal & Nautiyal, 1996). The red oak experiment used three half-sib families. The percentage increase in moisture content was different for each half-sib family, ranging from 12 to 19%, which illustrates a general principle. In unselected populations, there are usually significant differences among families in germination characteristics. Thus, a significant source of variation can be attributed to the mother tree.
In that system, temperature, humidity, oxygen and particles are used as inputs parameters and adjusted air conditioning motor speed and exhaust motor speed.Fuzzy rules are developed and based on the situation of operating room. As there are four inputs parameter and three levels for each input, total of 81 rules are fashioned. For the inference mechanism the Mamdani min-max inference is used. In defuzzification process, Center of Gravity or centroid method (COG) is used. It presents better performance with short time and dynamic response very close to the one an efficient. The four inputs have been classified into three levels of Low, Medium and High for each. And then, triangular membership function is used for each input’s membership function.
initially. After that with the increase of current supply the flow decreases as the swash plate angle decreases due to the movement of the plunger assay; and finally the flow reaches to 0.0 l/min when swash plate stand at no angle position. Thus the amounts of air/refrigerant flow that result the air conditioning control all procedures with the help of the pressure port. It was also found that, both samples don’t start to decrease the P c flow the same way and reach 0.0 l/min flow at