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Use of entrepreuneurial social networks by women in the travel agencies creation process

Use of entrepreuneurial social networks by women in the travel agencies creation process

Abstract: Justification of the topic: The study of entrepreneurial social networks has been recognized as crucial in the entrepreneurial process, as well as in the success of the businesses. Since the 1990s, there has been a special interest in researching social networks focused on gender, and considering its relevance, this topic is still very current. Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze how social networks are used by female entrepre- neurs in the of new business creation process. It specifically aims to identify the types of bonds that are used by female entrepreneurs in their social networks in the stages of conception, start-up and business consolidation and verify how these social networks influence in obtaining resources. Methodology/Design: The research strat- egy adopted is the multiple case study and evidences were collected through semi-structured personal inter- views with seven entrepreneurs of micro and small travel agencies. The cases were described individually and followed by a comparative analysis to examine their similarities and differences. Results and Originality of the Document: The study shows that the strong bonds were the most used by entrepreneurs mainly in the concep- tion stage. Furthermore, it also shows that that previous experience was very important in the identification of the opportunity and ability to build diverse networks.
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ARTISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC CREATION PROCESS MANAGEMENT

ARTISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC CREATION PROCESS MANAGEMENT

The image goes through transformations related to the way in which it is visualized and inscribed on an electronic base. Dematerialized, the image, in the case of video framing, may be modeled, textured as a whole or in parts according to the wishes of the author and with the aid of the computer, becomes digital video image. Digital video image represents a major component, active in the digital era. The digital video image bestows new dimension on the concept of image in visual arts, in stage arts, in the fields of social existence. The immobility of the classic art object disappears in the process of transforming image and through interactivity, a fundamental concept of digital art. There is an author, the multiple authors and users which intervene in the process of creation which we call co-authors. Technological performance amplifies the speed of electronic transition, of transferring the image at a distance. We travel as cybernauts in the universal space, accompanied by images within images. We discover, know, invent and build worlds. Space and time in digital video image is fragmented, multiplied and recomposed in the intention of the author to render the multitude of layers of material and immaterial existent and non- existent realities. The numerous means of manipulating digital video image offers choice as a procedure. The result is diverse final images, possible combinations of the same material, in the work process the random, unpredictable intervenes. A single, author/user, with the help of software programs and high performance computer equipment can obtain complex images, numerically constructed in the virtual reality of the computer, non-existent in human reality. Interdisciplinary teams, in a concerted effort, create interactive electronic pieces of digital ambient and virtual reality. This independence garnered by the author, user of boing producer and online distributor of his own electronic product is important. Within this technological, scientific, artistic process, there is a ludic component. The game of chance, of unpredictability, of choice interferes in the multitude of operations which have as a result the digital object.
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Customer Knowledge Co-creation Process in New Product Development

Customer Knowledge Co-creation Process in New Product Development

Customers, are like employees, are often not able to make knowledge, i.e. their experiences with the company’s products, their skills, and reflections explicit, and thereby easily transferable and shareable. The alternative solution to these problems is customer knowledge managers put themselves in the shoes of corporate customers, inspiring customers’ intrinsic, rather than extrinsic motivation to share their knowledge for the benefit of the company [18]. The reason why we make this distinction is because we are assuming an interactive process of knowledge exchange between the firm and the customer where sometimes the customer provides information while other times the firm does [20].
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Dialogues between tradition and contemporaneity in the Jongo Mamulengo creation process

Dialogues between tradition and contemporaneity in the Jongo Mamulengo creation process

In 2015, the long process of registering North-eastern Popular Puppet Theatre as an intangible Brazilian cultural heritage was concluded by IPHAN. Four of its forms, mamulengo from Pernambuco, João Redondo from Rio Grande do Norte, Babau from Paraiba and Cassimiro Coco from Ceará were included. The study also considered the recognition and analysis of the official inclusion of mamulengo’s presence in the Federal District. The debate about the inclusion of the Federal District in the registry was quite controversial among the community of researchers and puppeteers. In my view, some misconceptions were cited to serve as a basis for negative criticisms: the notions of “traditional”, “original master” and “authenticity”. I participated in the registration process as a consultant and director together with Rodrigo Savastano from the documentary films that form the basis of the research². I discuss these issues in an article published in the magazine Móin Móin (Alcure, 2016), but here I would like to highlight a procedure common to the intellectual field that relates theatre and popular culture: the interest of the urban middle classes from large cities in forms of theatre such as mamulengo and the way in which these appropriations and transla- tions have been assigned to theatre.
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Individual ethics and knowledge management: Arising conflicts

Individual ethics and knowledge management: Arising conflicts

Organizational knowledge creation occurs when all four modes of knowledge creation are managed to form a continual cycle or spiral (Nonaka, 1994). In the SECI model the spiral illustrates the relationship between these two dimensions of knowledge creation. The knowledge creation process is initiated by the enlargement of the individuals’ knowledge within the organization where personal subjective knowledge is validated, connected to and synthesized with others’ knowledge (Nonaka and Takeuchi, 1995). Particular and tentative knowledge created from an individual’s values and experiences is shared and justified by other members of the organization. Experience sharing, the fundamental source of tacit knowledge, is fundamental in order to be able to build mutual trust and through a continuous dialogue tacit knowledge may be articulated to explicit knowledge (Nonaka, 1991).
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Braz. J. Phys.  vol.35 número4B

Braz. J. Phys. vol.35 número4B

The study of perturbations of an expanding universe would appear to be hopelessly gauge dependent. However, J. Bardeen [2] gave an important contribution to define pertur- bations that are gauge invariant quantities which were non- geometrical defined with respect to a particular chart. Ellis and Bruni [3] gave an alternative approach to gauge invariant cosmological perturbations with basic variables more closely related to the physical quantities. They look for variables which vanish in the background, since the quantities of this kind are always gauge independents. The gauge invariant key variable is the comoving fractional spatial gradient of the en- ergy density. In this study, we use an approach to cosmo- logical perturbations which is thermodynamically oriented, gauge-invariant description of scalar cosmological perturba- tions around a flat homogeneous universe. All basic variables have their meaning on ‘comoving hyper-surfaces‘, orthogo- nal to the matter world lines. Thermodynamic perturbations relations in Minkowski spacetime turn-out to be valid in the expanding universe, provided all perturbed quantities are re- placed by their gauge-invariant counterparts. We consider a background with a cosmic creation of particles at the expenses of the gravitational field. The creation process redefines the energy momentum tensor and an additional pressure appear, the pressure creation. Bulk viscosity and matter creation gen- erate cosmological models with same physical properties , but the identity between the two process is not generically valid. Cosmic dynamics generated by each can be mimicked by the other one. However, the thermodynamic features are quite different [8].
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An Environment to Support Negotiation and Contracting in Collaborative Networks

An Environment to Support Negotiation and Contracting in Collaborative Networks

Considering the environmental characteristics of collaboration, increased levels of globalization and customer demands, networks of organizations are more exposed to risks (Chen et al., 2013). Furthermore, while in a traditional enterprise setting the overall risk exposure may have a more static nature, even in the most dynamic business environment, in a virtual organization the risks themselves are highly dynamic, mainly because of the possible swapping of players within the network (Husdal, 2010). Therefore, in the VO creation process, VO associated risks and their prediction is one topic that has considerable importance and can influence the negotiation process. The success of these networks, among other challenges, requires healthy relationships among the involved stakeholders and the adoption of working methods that are considerably different from traditional subcontracting practices (Harland et al., 2003). Such changes naturally involve numerous uncertainties and risks, most of which are not fully identified or understood yet. In fact, while most literature on collaborative networks emphasizes the potential benefits of collaboration, only a few works have addressed the issue of the associated risks. Furthermore, risks are not static, and as collaborative networks evolve, so do the risks (Alawamleh and Popplewell, 2012).
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Rev. Bras. Estud. Presença  vol.6 número3

Rev. Bras. Estud. Presença vol.6 número3

There is a stage where the space is taken by objects – material- ization of what was previously in the imagination – which creates a place of representations that the performer dwells. As the landscape that is formed in this space, and the memory of the senses placed in it, become clearer, a draft of the script is created. The performer is encouraged by the director to be aware of the events of our time, what is going on in the world, so that it provides a reflection that will expand the contents of the creation process. This high perception body reached by the performer until then rearranges the contents of the creative process, integrating multiple experiences and reflections. It is important to point out that the act of questioning and reflecting is a constant process in the method.
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Value co-creation in sharing systems: Airbnb guests' participation in value co-creation practices

Value co-creation in sharing systems: Airbnb guests' participation in value co-creation practices

Further one, this perspective recognizes that the users are exposed to the risk of “value co-destruction”. Gronroos and Voima, (2013) frame it as a part of the value co-creation process where the provider’s engagement with the consumer’s interaction on value creation may have a negative effect. This can be the result of mismanagement or an unwanted approach to the customer. It can have a significant or, insignificant impact on value determination. Laamanen and Skalén (2015) call for researchers to implement the conflictual perspective in their future studies, as it contributes to a more holistic perspective on value co-creation theory. In the context of research, such negative consequences include the feeling of social anxiety caused by interacting with a stranger, diminish security and guarantees in what it comes to resources available in the house. Also, the guest is also able to destroy or damage resources, causing a liability to the host.
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Esc. Anna Nery  vol.18 número3

Esc. Anna Nery vol.18 número3

Only in 1980 were women aforded the opportunity to ser- ve as oicers in the Brazilian Armed Forces, with the creation of CAFRM . It's objective was to employ a female work force to perform healthcare, administrative and technical activities, meeting the needs of human resources. In the case of nurses, the utility of this work force, brought into the military sphere, was mainly to perform activities socially and culturally considered to be feminine. The recently graduated nurses of the CAFRM's irst class, most of them from 20 to 24 years old, arrived at the hospital to complement the already existing nursing staf comprised of civilian nurses. The civilian nurses, who delivered care and per- formed managerial roles, including positions of leadership, were reorganized to provide care only, which led to many conlicts, as evidenced by the hierarchically higher rank of the military nurses in comparison to their professional colleagues:
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Cad. Saúde Pública  vol.32 suppl.2 csp 32 s2 e00022315

Cad. Saúde Pública vol.32 suppl.2 csp 32 s2 e00022315

Health technology assessment (HTA) is consolidated as a scientific and technological practice. The aim of this study is to identify HTA organi- zations from different settings and analyze their relevant dimensions in terms of effectiveness/impact, in order to address the challenges they face in Brazil. Narrative literature review based on data and websites of HTA organizations. There are well-established activity development processes in all organizations. These activities have specific features in their profile, in the process of technology assessment, decision and implementation of technologies that influence their potential impact on health systems. Agencies share in common the challenges of ranking the technologies to be assessed, and the implementation of their recommendations. Techni- cal and political strengthening of the institutionalization of HTA in Brazil may foster scientific, technological and innovation policies, effectively im- pacting health policies.
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METHOD CREATION AND DEFINITIONS

METHOD CREATION AND DEFINITIONS

registration, in a "blank notebook", from the context of all the episodes of data collection, linking these contexts to the phenomena under study. This allows the researcher to ask questions among the cases, noting emerging patterns that one wishes to follow, which arouses the researcher's critical reflection, disciplining the continuous interpretive challenge. Such field notes are independent of the collection techniques or instruments used and may assist the researcher as he collects data and later helps him to contextualize such data in the analysis process.

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LIFE NARRATIVES OF SETTLERS IN THE ARINOS VALLEY PROJECT

LIFE NARRATIVES OF SETTLERS IN THE ARINOS VALLEY PROJECT

The excerpts from the settlers’ narratives point out that in the Arinos Valley Settlement, the constant struggles for land gave the settlers political experience and produced decentralized forms of leaderships, representations and organizations through their associations and also through other forms of organizing themselves in search of their demands. In addition, the creation of the settle- ment has been configured as the end point of a procedure that dragged on for years; uncertain and doubtful. However, it was a starting point from which the settlers perceived possibilities to insist and fight for feasible options, not only economic, but also infrastructure such as schools, health service, good roads, credit and technical assistance. This is the march for the land that is no longer an uncertainty, but is the result of abundant struggles, sacrifices and victories.
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Support tools for 3D game creation

Support tools for 3D game creation

The Expandable Map Editor (see figure 2.12), is a powerful tool for placing objects and creation of game scenes with full undo/redo support. This editor gives to the developer control over all elements of in-game environment from a graphical viewpoint. In this software is possible to create, place, size, scale and rotate individual game objects, as well as view and modify any of the properties of those objects. The user can easily edit the parameters for static objects, terrain, characters, light sources, water, sky, and other objects in the scene.
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Diagnostic Process of Company Productivity

Diagnostic Process of Company Productivity

Testing criteria are predetermined entries expressing a desired state. The actual productivity level of a company is documented in the Bal- ance Sheet, the Income Statement and in the Cash Flow Statement. The Balance Sheet includes information on company assets and on financial resources of their settlement. The Balance Sheet also describes condi- tions under which the transformation process in the company was real- ized. Everything is expressed in financial units. The Income Statement presents the transformation process progress and results expressed in fi- nancial units based on comparison of revenues and costs in the account- ing period. The Cash Flow Statement represents all changes in the finan- cial position through the company’s cash flow. It allows evaluation of the capability of every single company activity to create cash. At the same time it shows the necessity of financial sources.
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en 0102 6933 rgenf 1983

en 0102 6933 rgenf 1983

What made it easy was the interaction among the teacher group that was putting together the course. We had great professional and friendship interaction and a common goal, that it worked. We were concerned about getting it done. I believe this helped the process considerably. Let’s say it made the process lighter. Fabiano (teacher) According to this account, we conclude that the IFSC Nursing Certiicate Program, Florianópolis campus became a reality because of the commitment of the teachers involved in the creation of the course and professional education.

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Interface (Botucatu)  vol.21 número63

Interface (Botucatu) vol.21 número63

This paper is situated on the field of study of the working/productive process and the technological transition in health care. It examines the entrance of financial capital groups in the health sector and their struggles with the medical-industrial complex. It puts forward a comprehension of how the capitalist sectors, leaders of the restructuration of the working process in health, bet on the power of the creation of new subjectivities in order to transform and consolidate the current hegemonic medical model and the production/reproduction of the ways of the capitalism’s agency role. We use the concept of biomedicalization to understand a radical stage of medicalization, a commonly used concept, albeit insufficient to understand the observed changes. The comprehension of these phenomena allows the recognition of resistances and “lines of flight” that could allow for non- mercantilist options in health, which may create autonomy and reinforce the value of individual and collective life.
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Rev. Bras. Estud. Presença  vol.5 número3

Rev. Bras. Estud. Presença vol.5 número3

The most fragile moment in artistic research is located at its birth, when as yet it doesn’t even have a name, so as not to talk about potential visible and quantifiable results. This is the creative moment when the artist finds herself working with the research subject-matter without knowing yet exactly where it will lead to, or being able to imagine the ways in which she’ll make her work public. This is a phase in the creative process that receives scant attention in discussions about research into the arts, and about research in broader terms (research into other fields of knowledge located within the academic field). Instead, discussions aimed at reforming, reorganizing and regulating research focus on assessing the results, both of production (can a doctoral thesis limit itself to a work of art or series of them; or should it, in addition, consist of a piece of writing that sets out a practice?; what should a paper written at the end of a master’s course consist of?), and ones related to the researcher (what are the skills that a person ought to have acquired in order to obtain a master’s degree?).
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Abstract The aim of this article was to reflect on

Abstract The aim of this article was to reflect on

We begin by comparing the classical vision of levels of care and the current perspective under- pinning the systemic model in the regionalized RAS founded in different socioeconomic, cul- tural and territorial realities. The Family Health Program (FHP), proposed as a care model by the Basic Operational Norm 96, clearly embodies the ideal of organizing the system into levels of com- plexity. The belief that improving the referral and counter-referral process would contribute to overcoming fragmentation of the system and claiming that ‘first it is necessary to strengthen primary care’ are two common arguments in the field of research that illustrate technical common sense. Research has shown that the implicit con- viction that strengthening the FHP model and the integration of specialized services into pri- mary care would lead to a general remodeling of the system was not well founded. It is worth highlighting that referral between different levels of care is a common element of various health systems and that a recent meta-analysis of this problem concluded that systemic solutions are the only effective alternative 7 .
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Frankenstein: the creation of a myth

Frankenstein: the creation of a myth

trespass limits and reach the next step or retrace to a previous one (Anatomy 51-2). Thus, stories may be in a narrative mode, and, at the same time, have characteristics of another. Among these categories, myth and both mimetic modes stand out for they are closely related to the literary works dealt with in this research. The creation of man in Greek and Christian traditions, represented here by Hesiod’s Theogony and Milton’s Paradise Lost, are great examples of myths. Frankenstein, on the one hand, can be classified into the low mimetic mode for Victor is an ordinary human being, but, on the other hand, he resembles the hero of the high mimetic mode since he may be considered superior to other men for his incomparable scientific discovery.
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