Experiences and Narratives

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Trajectory in narratives: experiences of mental illness and the city of Belo Horizonte

Trajectory in narratives: experiences of mental illness and the city of Belo Horizonte

Abstract The article seeks to understand the re- lationships established between mentally ill pa- tients cared for in the open community service network and the city of Belo Horizonte, state cap- ital of Minas Gerais. It is understood that the ex- perience of mental illness is capable of generating narratives that seek to give meaning to suffering and help people to negotiate everyday decisions. The biographical method was used for the con- struction of narratives of life trajectories of the three participants of the study. The biographical narratives revealed diverse experiences associated with mental illness as well as different meanings attributed to this condition. However, interest- ingly, these stories have a common pattern, often associated with marginal convivialities with the conventions of order, family and work. There is a break with the striking invisibility in asylums, as open services provide the social movement and manipulation of social codes, creating new terri- torial delimitations and interpretations. However, the need for empirical studies that address themes such as family relations, housing conditions and income of this population is paramount in order to broaden the right to health discussions for the right to housing, work, the right and to a place in the city.
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DAS VIVÊNCIAS E DAS EXPERIÊNCIAS: NARRATIVAS DE UMA PROPOSTA DE ESTÁGIO SUPERVISIONADO NA EDUCAÇÃO INFANTIL LIVING AND EXPERIENCES: NARRATIVES OF A PROPOSAL OF PLACEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

DAS VIVÊNCIAS E DAS EXPERIÊNCIAS: NARRATIVAS DE UMA PROPOSTA DE ESTÁGIO SUPERVISIONADO NA EDUCAÇÃO INFANTIL LIVING AND EXPERIENCES: NARRATIVES OF A PROPOSAL OF PLACEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

ABSTRACT: This text takes the category space of the preschools as study element. It constitutes an account of experience of a day care center space transformation developed by the students of the practical discipline Foundation of Early Childhood Education, in Pedagogy Course of the Universidade Regional do Cariri (Urca). The institution of Early Childhood Education was taken as locus of investigation, reflection and action, demarcating the study methodology. The work showed right possibilities of space transformations in pedagogic elements which are capable to contribute for the process of children development, and also reiterated the importance of relation theory- practice as guiding of teacher training process, from students and teacher’s testimonials who participated of the work.
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SHAMANISM, NARRATIVES AND THE STRUCTURING OF ILLNESS

SHAMANISM, NARRATIVES AND THE STRUCTURING OF ILLNESS

Early suggests that this role of narrative in the interpretation of illness is not limited to the Baladi, but perhaps is present cross-culturally. My research on ethnomedicine in Colombia substantiates this suggestion. I fi rst noticed this “narrative phenomenon” when among the Sibundoy Indians (Langdon; MacLennan, 1979). My interview questions about the causes or on-set of ill- ness generally evoked narratives from the respondents as to the how and why of their illness. These explanations were not only in narrative form, but also gave important clues as to the logic of interpretation and action. In the case of the Siona in the Amazonian lowlands, where I spent several years recording traditional narratives and accompanying cases of illnesses, I observed the role of narrative more closely. Complete narratives or fragments were frequently present in discourse surrounding specifi c cases and aided in the diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic choice and its evaluation. The Siona often related personal experiences or those of persons known to them. However, the struc- ture of personal narratives and the clues they present for the interpretation of events do not differ signifi cantly from traditional non-personal myths and legends. Accounts of events in mythical or historical times, as well as the newly constructed narratives produced in the course of serious illnesses, serve not only to recreate Siona world view about illness, but also to indicate the relative evidence for diagnostic and therapy decisions. These narratives are, as Burke (1964) has suggested, equipment for living.
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Contrasting narratives: Art and culture in the public sphere

Contrasting narratives: Art and culture in the public sphere

Hence, the protocols of communication and frames for reception changed under the deconstructionist, postcolonial, digital and ethnographical turns in contemporary art, the last one being the basis of the above mentioned semantic and iconographic ties between art and society. The public is sabotaged in its representations, stereotypes and ideologies (including of art and culture), but this is an artistic strategy to produce strangeness and open people's minds to other ways of perceiving the world. Another possibility within the multifaceted experiences with the public(s) is involvement in the “relational aesthetics” promoted by discrete or site-specific projects and interventions in proximity with communities who invest in a rebuilt sense of community 7 .
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Life designing and career adaptability in management and psychology undergraduate students

Life designing and career adaptability in management and psychology undergraduate students

Constructing a career implies fitting work into life by blending career themes in life themes, thus integrating smaller narratives into as a coherent, continue, meaningful, united and singular life narrative (Savickas, 2005, 2011, 2015). Integrating experiences indicates giving meaning to experiences that are the interaction of life roles and contexts (life-space as proposed by Super 1990). It is strongly influenced by previous, present and future perceptions of experiences related to career (Savickas, 2005, 2015). One of the main ideas of Career Construction Theory is that career construction processes are based on life designing, only possible through the construction of the self since it is posterior to this that career construction will take place - with a three-stage process to achieve this career construction in a counselling setting (Savickas, 2013). Consequently, the individual induces career themes underlying career story which later on allow the construction of a career path and promote better adjustment to work roles and promote career fulfilment (Savickas, 2005, 2011). Career themes allow understanding the reasons behind a stronger presence of certain life and work roles, career themes, and career stories. The individual provides meaning to his overall vocational experiences based on the construction of personal narrative and, consequently, the self (Savickas, 2013). Upon need, and during counselling, the individual is also the author, deconstructor, or co-author, of career reconstruction. Reconstructing the career narrative is usually made in a career counselling context, where past or present micro-narratives are recalled and integrated into a new macro-narrative by the self, restoring the continuity to the career narrative, the sense of meaning and purpose to vocational personality and, consequently, career, through adaptability (Savickas, 2005, 2011, 2013).
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Rev. bras. linguist. apl.  vol.8 número2

Rev. bras. linguist. apl. vol.8 número2

The editors of Narratives of learning and teaching EFL have assembled a collection of interesting research reports on lived experiences written by well- known researchers in Brazil (Paiva, Barcelos, Miccoli, Dutra and Mello), Finland (Kalaja, Karlsson, Nikula, Pitkänen-Huhta, Alanen and Dufva), Japan (Coterall, Murray, Murphey and Carpenter, Keiko and Sakui), China (Benson and Chick) and England (Block). Each chapter presents a piece of a kaleidoscopic image consisting of teachers’ and learners’ lived experiences in the realm of English as a Foreign Language (EFL).
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra- tives about abortion experiences available in an online community to discuss the methods and strategies to which women resort, facing the legal impossibility of voluntarily interrupting a pre- gnancy and the effects of the criminalization of induced abortion. The methodology used was vir- tual ethnography, observing the platform Women on Web, collection and analysis of 18 narratives publicly available without restrictions, selected between November 2016 and January 2017. The narratives report mixed methods to perform an abortion, with widespread use of Cytotec. Some cases include hospitals and medical clinics in the paths, whether to conduct examinations or attend to intercurrences. The internet appears as a po- pular tool to gather information, negotiate and even purchase abortive drugs, as well as a plat- form to share experiences. We concluded that the narratives point to insecurities, risks, and violence to which women are submitted in clandestine set- ting; they show the relevance of debate on decri- minalizing abortion in Brazil, and also reinforce the existence of a shared abortion culture, as stated in other studies.
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Saude soc.  vol.26 número3

Saude soc. vol.26 número3

This article presents a socio-anthropological study, of qualitative approach, that addresses love rela- tionships of people living with HIV/aids (PLWHA) in the current context of infection’s chronicity and discursive restraint on the epidemic. From brief narratives, comments on posts about loving experi- ences of PLWHA in a personal blog, this study aims to understand the meanings attributed to strategies for serostatus disclosure and the ways of coping with love partners’ reactions facing this attitude. From the thematic analysis of the empirical mate- rial, two categories emerged: “but I didn’t have the courage to tell”: the unveiling of the serostatus; andand all of a sudden disappeared”: the other’s (re) actions in the relationship. The narratives showed the experiences of living with the secret about the own serostatus, and the feelings involved in reveal- ing it when dealing with the possibility of a love relationship. In this sense, the secret is expressed by the lack of “courage to tell” the partner. Moreover, we highlight the meaning attributed to the other’s reaction on knowing about the serostatus, which is mainly distinguished as a “door” that opens up and allows (or not) the love experience.
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Ciênc. saúde coletiva  vol.19 número12

Ciênc. saúde coletiva vol.19 número12

Moreover, the interpretation of the child and adolescent as human beings projected for the fu- ture. This adult-centered, socially shared view, conflicts with the reality of providing care to a seg- ment of children and adolescents whose diseases can interrupt their life projects and bonds. The professionals are trained to perform a job that, at first, would invest in life, health, and future proj- ects, but facing the chronic disease perspective, needs another meaning. Some of the profession- als who were interviewed talked about a broader and accurate way of how to break this relational process, which diverges from other point of views that justify the mechanical act of taking care of the patients and to not get involved as a strategy to protect themselves from suffering 24,25 .
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Counterhegemonic Narratives of Innovation

Counterhegemonic Narratives of Innovation

Our purpose here was to contest neither the relevance of the original narratives nor even the efforts applied by the techno-bureaucracies in updating their policy argumentation. In fact, there are nevertheless still several clues for further research. For example, at least three more variables might add insights to this discussion: a) the political orientation of governments within the framework of which conservative governments have often placed more emphasis on the traditional vision of innovation while progressives have been more open to revamping such discourses; b) in relation to the former, the participation of academic communities in the design and discourse of policies (which are also more present in certain types of governments than in others); c) the degree of national development and its commitments to international organizations (the influences of the European Union, OECD, IDB, World Bank, etc.) in the formulations of STI policy. Additionally, this might explore whether or not there is any correlation with the proportion of the population facing poverty or exclusion in the countries considered. There is, in sum, several contextual variables that might generate explanations for the differences between countries and their different policy generation processes.
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Memorable Experiences with Sad Music-Reasons, Reactions and Mechanisms of Three Types of Experiences.

Memorable Experiences with Sad Music-Reasons, Reactions and Mechanisms of Three Types of Experiences.

There have been several attempts of explaining the enjoyment of sadness induced by music and other fiction. Most of these emphasise the beauty and the lack of real-life repercussions [24, 63, 64], and in light of our findings, only pertain to one kind of emotional experiences (Sweet sorrow), but more elaborate theories postulate a more specific mechanism at play. Some assume [8] that whilst sad music and associated memories are painful, these might turn into positive emotions, such as nostalgia, afterwards. Whether such transformations could be char- acterised in terms of distraction or reappraisal processes [65], remains to be explored in follow- up studies. It is unlikely that this could be classic explanation often dubbed as catharsis, since such strategy seems to be inefficient coping strategy after induced sadness [66]. A more plausi- ble explanation is our inherent need to experience different kinds of emotions, which fiction effectively generates [67]. Finally, going back to functional explanation and biology, Huron has offered a tantalizing explanation, which utilises the ability of fiction to emulate our experience of real sadness, triggering an endocrine response (prolactin) designed to alleviate mental pain associated with significant loss [29]. This hormonal response is experienced as consoling, even enjoyable, when the real-life consequences of the loss are absent. Indeed, early evidence exists that prolactin levels are modulated by positive and negative emotion induction, at least in women [68], but the theory is without corroboration yet. The present findings would suggest that experiences related to Comforting Sorrow would be most relevant experiences explained by this theory, whereas the experiences of Grief-Stricken Sorrow might still be relevant for the production of prolactin, but since these experiences generated by music are heavily associated with autobiographical memories therefore characterised by real loss as well, the putative hor- monal response is unlikely to be converted into pleasure.
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Bakhtiniana, Rev. Estud. Discurso  vol.12 número2

Bakhtiniana, Rev. Estud. Discurso vol.12 número2

To scrutinize the development and the articulation of the pillars that support the dialogic conceptions has become the key justification for this study. The goal is to follow the path and the thoughts and rethoughts in which the conception of the spatial form of the character is aesthetically established. According to our fundamental hypothesis, the seed of such process has been developed in the aesthetical and philosophical reflections in which the spatial form is conceived as a patchwork of positionings. The living body matures in Bakhtin ’s findings on the poetic procedures of Dostoevsky’s verbal creation, mainly on his comprehension of the image of language as a spatial premisse that articulates clashing points of view, autonomous and single authorial consciousness. Taking in consideration that the analysis of the spatial form of the character is not restricted to Dostoevsky’s work, but has become the heuristic principle in researching historical poetics itself, we understand that the arguments regarding the spatial prevalence as a place where changes happen become more established when the spatial form of the character is chronotopically defined. This way, we seek to situate the Bakhtinian concepts in contexts other than the creative artistic experience and to show its heuristic principle in the aesthetical and philosophical analysis.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.21 número5

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.21 número5

Next, the quality of the scales was assessed through the Exploratory Factor Analysis (extraction through principal axis analysis and direct oblimin rotation). Initially, the self-perception responses were used for the test, followed by the hetero-perception responses. The results of this assessment showed that some indicators did not fall into their respective factors, although the hetero-perception scale revealed good conceptual coherence. Given the goal of using the difference between the perceptions and their inluence on the identiication and on experiences of pleasure and suffering, in the analysis, the difference between these indicators was applied to identify the underlying factors.
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Early modern narratives of Diu’s architecture and space

Early modern narratives of Diu’s architecture and space

Lendas has 11 portraits, 13 plans or panoramic views and a few plain draw- ings. The surviving second volume of original manuscripts contains the plans of Malacca, Calicut and Aden and the third volume those of Challe, Bassein and Diu. The printed volumes contain 11 plans, which were certainly included in the manuscript volumes at the date of publication, although five of the plans have disappeared, namely of Quilon, Ormuz, Jidda, Ceylon and Cannanore, together with the portraits of several viceroys. All this informa- tion contains sketches and written records from different years and rulers until 1550. A map, drawn circa 1545, represents – with the help of drawings representing forts in some of the Portuguese colonial urban settlements of that time – the presence of Europeans in coastal southern India from Bassein on the west coast to Diu at the southernmost tip of Gujarat or even Malacca on the east coast of the Malayan peninsula. These pen and brush illustrations portray several urban settlements on the coasts of India provid- ing clear evidence, for the first time for European eyes, of the extent of the Portuguese presence in South India in the mid-sixteenth century.
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A  analysis of the metaphor "Difficulties are Weights"

A analysis of the metaphor "Difficulties are Weights"

During what Johnson (1997) terms conflation period, authomatic associations between domains (perceptual/conceptual) are formed. The domains, in this phase, are categorized as a non-differentiated whole. Somewhere along the course of cognitive development, during decomflation (or differentiation) period, the child will be able to separate the two domains (affection and warmth), but the associations between domains persist and form metaphorical mappings mechanisms which will allow the child, later on in life, to conceptualize affection in terms of warmth, in expressions such as, “a warm smile” or a “a cold person”, for instance. Furthermore, expressions such as “I’m feeling overloaded” or “he’s weighed down with many problems” would reflect the existence of a metaphorical mapping between subjective experiences relative to the difficulty experienced in life and the difficulty experienced perceptually as one tries to lift and/or carry heavy objects. Such association established along cognitive development, results, as PMH explains it, from numerous recurrent and co-occurent experiences in which weights and difficulties are correlated. This, as the theory has it, leads to the conceptualization of difficulties in terms of weights.
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Developmental class coalitions: historical experiences and prospects

Developmental class coalitions: historical experiences and prospects

First, the confusion of neoliberalism with capitalism. This is clear in the ambitious essay by Pierre Dardot and Christian Laval (2009: 481, 21) on the neoliberal society. For them, the belief that the financial crisis marked the end of neolib eral capitalism is the worst belief . It is not difficult to understand why they are so sanguineous on that matter. They define neoliberalism as the new reason of the world, as the ideology and the governing system based on the generalized competition between business enterprise, nation-states, and individuals. For them, neoliberalism is precisely the deployment of the market s logic as a normative logic to be adopted from the state to the more intimate constitutiv e part of subjectivity . Well, but very similar ideas are already in Marx, who was not discussing neoliberalism, but capitalism. We learned with him that capitalist development involves the progressive commodification of everything, the subsumption of all aspect of social life to the logic of the market, the increasing competition among all, the reduction of all values to money and profit. Thus, when Dardot e Laval identify neoliberalism with capitalism, they become automatically right. For sure, the global financial crisis didn t mark the end of capitalism. It just ended the belief in self-regulated markets and the practice of the small state, privatization and deregulation. The Economist – the magazine that expresses fully the neoliberal credo – continues to write on “reforms” that will solve all economic problems that the more different countries face, but this kind of rhetoric lost credibility. For the two authors, the alternative do neoliberalism is another rationality: “The practices of knowledge ‘communization’, mutual assistance, cooperative work may draw the traits of another reason of the world
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Canadian experiences with AIDS and HIV infection

Canadian experiences with AIDS and HIV infection

Canada has important contributions to make in the international effort to pre- vent HIV infection. It possesses a long tradition of overseas commitments, and its [r]

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Blind parents and nutrition of children : experiences and care

Blind parents and nutrition of children : experiences and care

The experience of sensory impairment linked to maternity/paternity raised among respondents different coping mechanisms for the limitations associated with the condition of each individual. There is recurrent mention of situations of unpreparedness and even exclusion from the social support network. In addition, they emphasized the limitations recognized by the mother/father with disabilities. I needed someone’s help to hold her sometimes because I was afraid of her (Mother 1). I had more difficulty in giving it (a teaspoon) to her because people who can see, can give it with one hand, but I need two hands. I will not say that it is not good, but it’s different (Mother 4). I had a hard time giving the spoon, so much that I really gave up. All food that had to be given with the spoon, it was my sister who would give the baby (Mother 2). People who cannot see suffer much prejudice of people of the staff, so I let staff leave and the next day I already bathed her, in the second day of life (Father 4). The staff believes strongly that it is the family that will care for the child, never blind mother (Mother 4) . Despite the difficulties faced, blind parents have developed mechanisms to offer care and food preparation, as well as to prevent domestic accidents. The strategies explored the remaining senses, especially touch and sensitivity to understand the demands of the child without using vision. We would hold his face and put it in his mouth (the spoon) and with time he was already waiting with open mouth (Father 3). We often leave food in their face, right, she was angry with me because I was going to give food and I would leave her all dirty ... Then she would say I do not want food with Dad, no (laughs) (Father 4). I bought a bottle, she has a ‘big mouth’, then I put my finger, but I wash my hand ... And I put my finger up to when I reach the water. And the ‘ml’ are embossed ... So I have the right idea! (Mother 3). I would put the chair, pick up the spoon, put in his little mouth and keep making him suck, because then if he sucked I would be sure what he was swallowing, I would only take it off when I felt that there was nothing left, like this (Mother 4) .
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Video and storytelling in a digital world: interactions and narratives in videoclips

Video and storytelling in a digital world: interactions and narratives in videoclips

not have the same popularity as it had in the past. We understand that MTV channel, as it presents a flux of messages in a restricted way, conditioned by advertising blocks, has limited creative possibilities in the sense of not being open to narratives; also consider- ing that the exact time of songs was a condition for the insertion them in the programme. On the other hand, in the history of videoclip, there were some representations that did not follow these rules, such as, for instance, the emblematic videoclip Thriller, by Michael Jackson. According to sources in the book by Brian Alexander (2011), an average of two billion users watches videos daily on YouTube. There is a probability that, nowadays, this average has grown exponentially, especially with the widespread diffusion of mobile phones. But today we see new kinds of interaction between online media, from tradi- tional computers to tablets, cell phones and mobile gadgets.
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Hist. cienc. saudeManguinhos  vol.16 número3

Hist. cienc. saudeManguinhos vol.16 número3

Alan Bewell consegue efeito semelhante em seu Romanticism and colonial disease, principalmente porque também escreve no limite de disciplinas diversas – neste caso, circulando pela literatura, geografia e história da medicina. Bewell abre a obra apresentando a “Guerra dos mundos”, de H.G. Wells, como uma metáfora do avanço colonial como contágio: uma força tecnologicamente superior derrota por completo a quem invade, alterando o meio ambiente segundo suas próprias necessidades ou concepções, mas é derrotada por patógenos aos quais não tem resistência. Nesse sentido, argumenta o autor que “a geografia médica teve um papel primordial na construção da noção de sentir-se, ou sentir ao outro, como estrangeiro. Durante esse período [final do século XVIII até meados do século XIX], ‘os trópicos’ emergiram como uma construção biomédica original” (p.18) Nessa lógica, o autor busca estudar como a doença e sua disseminação eram percebidos como fenômenos geográficos e controlados, por meio de localização e “mapeamento dos ‘lugares insalubres’ em uma região, um país ou através do globo”, para que fossem evitados, ou através da construção e interpretação das paisagens, visando identificar que aspectos do ambiente produziam ‘ares perigosos’, responsáveis pelas doenças segundo as crenças científicas vigentes (p.31).
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