Nutritional management

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The Effective Factors In Nutritional Management Knowledge And A Proper Educational Plan For Broiler Farmers, A Case Study in Garmsar Township

The Effective Factors In Nutritional Management Knowledge And A Proper Educational Plan For Broiler Farmers, A Case Study in Garmsar Township

formulation and preparation of feed and finally feeding management in broiler farm were eval- uated respectively by eight, seven and 12 state- ments in second, third and fourth sections, based on the Likert type scale (ranked from very low to very high). Fifth section was related to eval- uate role of educational-extension methods in increasing nutritional management knowledge by responders. Extension methods and instru- ments considered for this study were methods and instruments of exhibition (education jointed with showing film, poster and extension exhibi- tion), telecommunication, discussion and talking face to face, study of literatures (books and newsletter), radio and television, conferences and congresses, survey of broiler modern farms. The content and face validity of the instrument (questionnaire) was specified after several times of review and correction by the faculty members of agricultural extension and education of Is- lamic Azad University of Garmsar, specialists in ministry of Agricultural Jehad, MSc. and PhD graduates of agricultural extension and educa- tion, experts and local farmers in Garmsar. The reliability of analysis was calculated through guided test and cronbach Alpha coefficient was calculated α=0.86 for the whole using statistical SPSS software. The collected data were ana- lyzed as descriptive, deductive, correlation and regression statistic by SPSS software.
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Evaluation of Menu Planning Capability Based on Multi-dimensional 0/1 Knapsack Problem of Nutritional Management System

Evaluation of Menu Planning Capability Based on Multi-dimensional 0/1 Knapsack Problem of Nutritional Management System

trand toward the nuclear family as a possible cause of filestyle-related diseases. This paper considers that the avobe difficulties can be solved by using Web technology including collective intelligence and mathematical pro- gramming, so a well-balanced menu planning system with information-sharing capabilities is developed. The out- line of well-balanced menu planning system is shown in Figure 1. The system in this paper has nutritional com- ponent database by reference to Standard tables of food composition in Japan [5], and it closely coordinated with all of menu information registered by customers. By us- ing these data, the system can provide various capabilites such as nutritional information management of ingredi- ents, calorie calculation of each menu, and menu planning support. The menu planning capability can give a well- balanced menu (combination of some dishes) while satis- fying each individual’s favorites, and the problem can be formulated by multidimensional 0/1 knapsack problem. From now some efficient algorithms for this problem have been proposed [6]. This paper considers that the menu planning should have randomness, so focuses on the solu- tion with genetic algorithm [7] because of its probabilis- tic behavior. This paper uses genetic algorithm which is modeled by multidimensional 0/1 knapsack problem [8].
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Nutritional management of obese pregnant women

Nutritional management of obese pregnant women

The greatest controversy in the manage- ment of the obese pregnant woman centers around caloric intake and fesulting weight gain.. The argument for a restricted i[r]

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Nutritional management and disease prevention in healthy dogs and cats

Nutritional management and disease prevention in healthy dogs and cats

ABSTRACT - Healthy animals normally eat sufficient food to satisfy their energy requirements. It is one of the jobs of the nutritionist to ensure that all other nutrient needs have been met when animals stop eating because they have met their energy needs. While dogs and cats are members of the biological order Carnivora, scientific observation and research support that differences in their metabolism and nutritional requirements exist. However, the goal in feeding both species is the same; to optimize the health and well-being of the individual. This approach results in dietary recommendations that will vary from individual animal to animal, based on a variety of factors that include the animal’s signalment, occupation and environment. Feeding approaches vary between the two species and within the same species during different physiological life stages. However, the practice of feeding to maintain a lean body condition is a common goal. The maintenance of a lean body condition has been proven to increase both the quantity and quality of life in dogs. Currently, similar data does not exist in cats but is suspected to hold true. Each dog and cat’s feeding program should be assessed routinely and adjustments made as indicated based on the animal’s body condition, life stage and general health.
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Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy: The Reality Beyond Our Eyes

Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy: The Reality Beyond Our Eyes

Nutritional management contributes to improvement in minimal hepatic encephalopathy and quality of life in patients with liver cirrhosis: a preliminary, prospective, open-[r]

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Sex Effect on Productive Parameters, Carcass and Body Fat Composition of Two Commercial Broilers Lines

Sex Effect on Productive Parameters, Carcass and Body Fat Composition of Two Commercial Broilers Lines

higher breast proportion than males, but lower leg and thigh proportion (Lazzari & Paganini, 1999). Mallo et al. (1997) evaluated the commercial lines Anak and Ross using a diet with low density of nutrients in all treatments. It was reported higher body, carcass and breast weights in broilers from Ross line whereas higher abdominal fat deposition was observed in Anak line chickens. Souza et al. (1995) evaluated carcass traits of four commercial broiler lines, Arbor Acres, Hubbard, Cobb and Ross under the same nutritional management and found higher leg and thigh yield in Hubbard males and higher breast yield in Ross line. Female birds will always be fatter than males because female hormones stimulate fat deposition. From a practical point of view, these differences limit the age in which females can be commercialized (Leeson, 1995). Fat amount, fat quality and cholesterol content in food are important to be considered when the relationship between fat and the risk of some cardiovascular diseases and cancer is evaluated, and animal nutrition, sex and lines can affect carcass fat composition (Cherian et al., 1996; Ahn et al., 1995).
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Total Fatty Acids in Murrah Buffaloes Milk on Commercial Farms in Brazil

Total Fatty Acids in Murrah Buffaloes Milk on Commercial Farms in Brazil

MATERIAL AND METHODS - This trial was carried out on 5 commercial farms lo- cated at Sarapui (23º38’28” S and 47º49’38” W) and Pilar do Sul (23º48’44” S and 47º42’29” W) cities, São Paulo-Brazil. In each farm, milk samples of eight buffaloes were collected from April to November 2002. Milk samples were stored at -20º until analyzed for fatty acids composition. The nutritional management adopted in each farm was: Farm 1- buf- faloes were maintained in feedlot and fed with corn silage as the main forage source and the wet brewers grain as the primary concentrate; Farm 2 - buffaloes were maintained in feedlot and fed with corn silage either chopped fresh grass (Pennisetum purpureum) or sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) and the wet brewers grain as the primary concentra- te; Farm 3- buffaloes were maintained on pasture (Brachiaria decumbens) supplemented with sugarcane and wet brewers grain as the primary concentrate, Farm 4- buffaloes were maintained on pasture (Brachiaria decumbens) supplemented with corn silage and wet brewers grain only in April, October and November; Farm 5- buffaloes were main- tained on pasture (Brachiaria ruziziensis) supplemented with B. ruziziensis silage and concentrate (whole cottonseed, citric pulp and urea) plus wet brewers grain. Only Farm 5 provided a total mixed ration to meet the buffaloes requirements. Milk fat from samples was extracted according to Hara and Radim (1978) and fatty acids methylations were prepared as described by Christie (1982) with modifications (Chouinard et al. 1999). Fatty acids methyl esters were quantified using a gas chromatograph (Trace GC3). CRM-164 reference standard (Commission of the European Communities, Community Bureau of Reference, Brussels, Belgium) was used to determine recoveries and correction factors for each fatty acid. Data analysis was done by descriptive way due to different systems of animal production.
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Burns, metabolism and nutritional requirements

Burns, metabolism and nutritional requirements

Introduction: Thermal injury is the traumatic event with the highest metabolic response in critically ill patients. Various mathematical formulas have been developed to estimate nutritional requirements in burned patient. Indirect Calorimetry is the only method consid- ered gold standard for measuring caloric expenditure.

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ANALYSIS AND PROJECTION OF JOB OPENINGS AT S.C. COMPANIA DE TRANSPORT FEROVIAR S.A. (COMPANY FOR RAILWAY TRANSPORT) BUCHAREST

ANALYSIS AND PROJECTION OF JOB OPENINGS AT S.C. COMPANIA DE TRANSPORT FEROVIAR S.A. (COMPANY FOR RAILWAY TRANSPORT) BUCHAREST

- The management of the company understands that analysis of the jobs is an important factor to discover the causes of underperformance and the fact that, by signing the job description, responsibility is also given to the employee. Only if he knows he has some responsibility, the employee may be sanctioned for underfulfillment of tasks. It is worth mentioning that, in the area of railway transport, underfulfillment of some tasks may result in high losses both for the company and for the third parties that are involved.

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THE STRATEGIC PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT PROCESS

THE STRATEGIC PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT PROCESS

Performance management is important because it plays a pivotal role in any organization’s human resource framework. There are clear benefits from managing individual and team performance to achieve organizational objectives. Similarly, compensation in the form of pay, bonuses, stock options and other benefits can be linked to the achievements of particular goals. But such links do not necessarily produce extended results. This is a problematic and complex area in which common-sense solutions do not work.

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Do pollinators contribute to nutritional health?

Do pollinators contribute to nutritional health?

Our results from four countries and five nutrients indicate that the loss of pollinators is most likely to affect nutritional health when: (1) individuals receive the majority of their nutrients from fruits and vegetables that depend heavily on pollinators, (2) individuals are neither severely deficient nor receiving nutrient intakes well above the EAR, (3) individuals are unable to substitute other foods to fully replace nutrients lost by the removal of pollinator-dependent foods from the diet, and (4) individuals do not have access to nutrient supplements, fortified foods, or targeted nutrition programs. The links between pollinators and human nutrition are clearly complex [11], and the global health importance of pollinator decline depends on where and how often these four conditions co-occur. Expanding dietary intake surveys to be nationally representative, address additional vulnerable countries, sample more people within each country, and capture seasonality would help most to identify populations most vulnerable to pollinator declines.
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INTERACTIVE SYSTEM FOR ON-LINE CONSULTING

INTERACTIVE SYSTEM FOR ON-LINE CONSULTING

Human resource in training, especially graduates of economics, law, administrative sciences and technical sciences could benefit by a casuistry in real terms and practical examples from real economy. At the same time the teachers from several universities in the country could also benefit by an actual training program in order to obtain a certificate for management business trainer in Europe.

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COMPUTER METHODS FOR ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION OF ENERGY COMSUMPTIONS

COMPUTER METHODS FOR ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION OF ENERGY COMSUMPTIONS

Favorable factors for promoting energetic efficiency in Romania are represented by the law, institutions and existing regulations, the relatively high price of energy and fuels. Unfavorable factors (which paradoxically outperforms favorable factors) are owned to the fact that energetic efficiency is downplayed, the responsible institutions are not very active, the energetic efficiency programs are only declarative, without any practical outcome, energy audits are formal, unstimulating penalties, bad management, difficult financing.
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STUDY REGARDING THE OBSTACLES WHICH ENCUMBER THE ONLINE SELLING INCREASE

STUDY REGARDING THE OBSTACLES WHICH ENCUMBER THE ONLINE SELLING INCREASE

In order to be competitive in the current competitive environment is essential for a company to consider the necessity to enter the online market and into the digital bu[r]

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INFORMATION FLOW ASSURED BY ITC CONTINUITY PLANNING

INFORMATION FLOW ASSURED BY ITC CONTINUITY PLANNING

In case that the information is processing by distance through network technologies (internet/intranet by remote control, VPN, tunneling) the information flow system automatically managed must be compatible with network, by access levels, for specific user groups 559 . The system will contain workflow management and document management for an organization and offer solutions optimization for the next problems:

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J. Pediatr. (Rio J.)  vol.83 número4 en v83n4a13

J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) vol.83 número4 en v83n4a13

Methods: Longitudinal, controlled intervention study of 24 preschools which were compared before and after an intervention. The control and intervention groups were defined by drawing lots to choose schools that had previously been paired for nutritional status. The intervention consisted of the addition of 10 g of multimixture to the meals provided to children attending the 12 schools in the intervention group. Outcome measures include changes in z scores for the three nutritional indices and hemoglobin values over the 6-month period during which the supplement was added. A multilevel model was used for analyses.
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J. bras. pneumol.  vol.32 número5

J. bras. pneumol. vol.32 número5

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by progressive and partially reversible airway obstruction. The innumerable complications that occur during the progression of the disease can affect the nutritional state of patients suffering from this illness. The objective of this study was to present a brief review of the literature regarding the nutrition therapy used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To that end, we performed a bibliographic search for related articles published within the last 18 years and indexed for the Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) and Medline databases. Malnutrition is associated with a poor prognosis for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, since it predisposes such patients to infections, as well as reducing respiratory muscle force, exercise tolerance and quality of life. Despite the fact that such malnutrition is extremely common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, it should be recognized as an independent risk factor, since it can be modified through appropriate and efficacious diet therapy and monitoring. For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, nutrition therapy is initiated after the evaluation of the nutritional state of the patient, which identifies nutritional risk, thereby allowing the proper level of treatment to be established. In this evaluation, anthropometric and biochemical markers, as well as indicators of dietary consumption and body composition, should be used. The prescribed diet should contain appropriate proportions of macronutrients, micronutrients and immunonutrients in order to regain or maintain the proper nutritional state and to avoid complications. The physical characteristics of the diet should be tailored to the individual needs and tolerances of each patient. In the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, individualized nutrition therapy is extremely important and has been shown to be fundamental to improving quality of life.
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Nutritional assessment and surgical risk makers in children submitted to cardiac surgery

Nutritional assessment and surgical risk makers in children submitted to cardiac surgery

In a prospective study m ade during the period of O ctober 90 till O ctober 92, 50 cardiopathic children, chosen for a selective cardiosurgery at the H ospital Sao Paulo, w ere evaluated. B efore surgery, each patient has been subm itted to a nutritional evaluation and has been follow ed regarding his postoperative evolution till leaving hospital. N utritional assessm ent com prised anthropom etric and plasm atic protein dosage.

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Rev. Col. Bras. Cir.  vol.36 número3 en a05v36n3

Rev. Col. Bras. Cir. vol.36 número3 en a05v36n3

studies have attempted to revise those concepts and routines, confronting empirically established principles with the weight of evidence. Regarding colorectal surgery, the main points addressed in those studies are related to the nutritional approach (perioperative nutritional support, reduction in the preoperative fasting period and early resumption of feeding in the postoperative period), restriction in the use of drains and nasogastric tubes; shorter perioperative intravenous fluid therapy, and systematic use of preoperative mechanical bowel cleansing in colorectal surgery. Emphasis has also been placed on the rational use of antibiotics, pain management, postoperative nausea and
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Proposal of a Nutritional Quality Index (NQI) to Evaluate the Nutritional Supplementation of Sportspeople.

Proposal of a Nutritional Quality Index (NQI) to Evaluate the Nutritional Supplementation of Sportspeople.

The authors are grateful to the High Performance Centre of Sierra Nevada and the Sports Med- icine Centres of Andalusia for their collaboration in this study and thank Richard Davies for his assistance with the English version. Furthermore, the authors are grateful to the Junta de Andalucía, Spain (Research Group AGR-255“Nutrition. Diet and Risk Assessment”), a collabo- ration agreement with the Andalusian Centres of Sports Medicine (Junta de Andalucía) and the FPU program of the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science. Study participants were recruited through the project “Nutritional and diet assessment methodologies applied to the Andalusian sportsperson in Andalusian Sports centres”, Research project FMD2010SC0071 of the Junta de Andalucía.
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