Objective: To verify the use of PersonalProtectiveEquipment (PPE) and the presence of symptoms of intoxication by pesticides in tobacco farmers. Methods: Cross-sectional study with farmers of the northwest of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in 2012/2013 through a household survey with interview. Results: Participants were 100 male farmers, they were on average 46.9±10.8 years-old; 97 (97.0%) used pesticides; 81 (81.0%) reported using PPE; 20 (20.0%) had symptoms of intoxication. Conclusions: Workers make partial use of PPE, it may favor the emergence of health problems related to pesticides. It is necessary that health workers, along with these workers, to incorporate into practice the comprehensive health assistance encompassing prevention, promotion, assistance and reporting of cases of poisoning.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine whether the construction workers at Sinop are working in accordance with the standards of safety in the use of PPE. The research was conducted at Sinop-MT. Data collection was done on construction sites three companies from the construction that were chosen randomly. Therefore we designed a questionnaire with 10 questions and applied to 34 randomly selected workers. Along the questionnaire was designed to record a photographic safety conditions at work which the workers were exposed. Regarding the results obtained, the average age of the workers was 36.74 years. The majority were working with signed. Compared to 85.25% reported no injuries have been hurt in the workplace. All respondents know the importance of using PPE to preserve life and about 85.29% have attended lectures on the importance of the use of such equipment. We conclude that companies are providing the necessary PPE and workers are utilizing appropriately. Thus accidents at work decreased and the quality of life of workers increased.
Objective: analyze the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in electrocautery smoke in operating rooms and the use of personalprotectiveequipment by the intraoperative team when exposed to hydrocarbons. Method: exploratory and cross-sectional field research conducted in a surgery center. Gases were collected by a vacuum suction pump from a sample of 50 abdominal surgeries in which an electrocautery was used. A form was applied to identify the use of personalprotectiveequipment. Gases were analyzed using chromatography. Descriptive statistics and Spearman’s test were used to treat data. Results: there were 17 (34%) cholecystectomies with an average duration of 136 minutes, while the average time of electrocautery usage was 3.6 minutes. Airborne hydrocarbons were detected in operating rooms in 100% of the surgeries. Naphthalene was detected in 48 (96.0%) surgeries and phenanthrene in 49 (98.0%). The average concentration of these compounds was 0.0061 mg/m3 and a strong correlation (0.761) was found between them. The intraoperative teams did not use respirator masks such as the N95. Conclusion: electrocautery smoke produces gases that are harmful to the health of the intraoperative team, which is a concern considering the low adherence to the use of personalprotectiveequipment.
Objective: The study’s main purpose has been to describe the nursing team’s perception of work accidents with sharp instruments in an intensive care unit of a public hospital in São Luís city, Maranhão State, Brazil. Methods: Data collection took place through interviews with questions about the following subjects: work accidents, handling of sharp instruments, risk perception, use of personalprotectiveequipment, personal and professional expectations after the accident, training in facing health risks, immunization actions, notification of health problems, and educational actions. Results: The results revealed that accidents with needles and blades were most frequent as these are the instruments most used in intensive care units. Conclusion: The interviewees reported the importance of continuing education aiming at a qualified service and improved care practice.
Professionals are aware that refusing to perform the procedures due to the lack of personalprotectiveequipment could be an instrument used to start a process of discussion and practice change. Nevertheless, the fear of losing one’s job, the distancing between management and frontline care staff and the profession’s ethical responsibility stimulate the submissive behavior of not complaining and continuing to perform care in an unsafe way. It should be highlighted that, in these cases, legislation NR32/2005 (17) protects workers by
Introduction: Primary Health Care (PHC) through the Family Health Strategy (ESF) is the gateway to the Unified Health System, in the case of outbreaks and epidemics, PHC / ESF has a fundamental role in the global response to disease in question, requiring the distribution of PersonalProtectiveEquipment (PPE) for PHC / ESF. Objective: To investigate the consumption of PersonalProtectiveEquipment (PPE) and inputs by primary health care professionals in the face of the new Coronavirus pandemic. Method: observational, cross-sectional study, carried out in a health department in a municipality in northeastern Brazil, through the analysis of PPE consumption reports by Primary Care professionals from October 2019 to March 2020. Result: the increase in consumption of supplies destined for the 41 ESF vestments occurred after January 2020. Items such as surgical mask and 70% alcohol were the most affected inputs. There is a straight trend towards increased consumption of surgical masks, which can lead to shortages and the possibility of collapse in the provision of this PPE by the public service. Conclusion: the items with the highest consumption were surgical mask and 70% alcohol gel, and a significant consumption of these will occur in April and May 2020.
In Brazil, some regional experiments of teleassistance including videoconference equipment and webcams, are currently in development, such as the “Telesaúde uma nova visão da Amazônia” project (Tele- health – a new vision of Amazonia)(http:/ /www.sivam.gov.br/TECNO/ORG12. htm), connecting remote sites in the Ama- zonia with the most progressive hospitals in the country, transmitting digital radio- logical images and other studies requiring the analyses by specialists from the differ- ent areas of medicine. In the area of the Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF) (Fam- ily Health Program), some impact strate- gies have already been implemented in the field of telemedicine, such as Rede de Núcleos de Telesaúde (Nutes) (System of Telehealth Centers) in the state of Pernam- buco (http://nutes.ufpe.br/), and the Pro- grama BH-Telesaúde (BH – Telehealth Program) (http://www.ufmg.br/online/ arquivos/006446.shtml), among others (http://telemedicina.ufsc.br), (http:// estacaodigitalmedica.locaweb.com.br/). In the academic environment, and supported by the Ministério de Ciência e Tecnologia (MCT) (Brazilian Ministry of Sciences and Technology) and Rede Nacional de Pes- quisas (RNP)(National Research Network), dedicated high speed networks (remavs) have been implemented all over the coun- try, including telecommunications carriers, research institutes and universities with the
Size of equipment :- while large size of machines are capable of giving large outputs on full load, the cost of production is usually greater than that of smaller units if worked out on part loads. Large size of equipment requires corresponding large size of matching equipment. And shutting down of one primary unit may result in making several other equipment idle. Transportation and shipment are usually difficult and expensive. However large equipment’s are more study and suitable for tough working conditions. It is also desirable to have equipment of same size on the project. If there are standbys the cost of smaller equipment as standby may be less that of larger size of equipment. Use of standard Equipments :- standard
Severity must reflect the consequences of a contingency (fault), namely the loading condition of the network branches and transformers, the voltage limits violations on busbars, instability index, loss of load, loss of generation, island processing and cascading analysis. The network is modelled in PSS/E application where the load, generation, equipment outage, voltage and phase-angle taps are adjusted to the forecast analysis. For online security calculation a snapshot model is created from the SCADA/EMS real-time system. For long term risk calculation, 3 scenarios of the network model are considered to be used with the corresponding 3 probability scenarios, dry, medium and wet seasons. For each scenario, the generation and load profile on the network model is adapted coherently to the weather conditions. These scenarios (network models) are the ones used by the long term planning department of REN.
Data Centers are growing steadily worldwide and they are expected to continue on growing up to 53% in 2020. Due to this growth the energy efficiency in this type of building is essential. There are methodologies to measure this efficiency; one example is PUE (Power Usage Effectiveness). The unit suggested for measuring efficiency at the design stage would be the EUED (Energy Usage Efficiency Design) with this will be used data to use "free cooling" and adiabatic system in some cases, a comparison will be made only considering the equipment in the worst situation. It also uses the study of enthalpy utilization as a new methodology to obtain the results. By doing so, differences were found, between cities than 1.21% of São Paulo in relation to Curitiba and 10.61% of Rio de Janeiro in relation to Curitiba. The indices obtained by applying the EUED index were 1.245 kW . kW - 1 for Curitiba, 1.260 kW . kW -1 for São Paulo and 1.377 kW . kW -1 for Rio de Janeiro, respectively, giving
His belief in the love of mankind – essence of the very act of “educating” — is present in all of Ubiratan’s teachings. As his children, we can best offer our testimony of this belief. When first asked to write this presentation, we decided that it would be more appropriate to speak of our experience living in our father’s company, rather than discussing his work and career. However, it is impossible to speak of our father – Daddy, as we still call him – without also describing the professor, even because the two roles are inseparable in the life of this man. Thus, our presentation is extremely personal, based neither on the history of his career, nor on academic reviews of his work, but mostly on the experience of having shared, very closely, the evolution of some of his ideas and aspirations. iii