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Educational animation about home care with premature newborn infants

Educational animation about home care with premature newborn infants

Objective: to elaborate and validate animation on the care of premature newborn infants at home. Method: Methodological study in three stages: integrative review on home care; animation design based on Roper, Logan and Tierney’s Model named “Activities of Living” (ALs), and validation of content and appearance by neonatology specialists. The steps to develop the animation were: creation of storyboard; defi nition of objects; specifi cation of keyframes; and frame generation among key frameworks. Results: Of the 53 articles selected in the review, care was extracted and grouped into the twelve activities of living. Three storyboards were created to embrace all care and validated by 22 experts. Most of the care had matches above 80%. Conclusion: The validation of the storyboards made it possible to glimpse the changes in scenes and dialogues in a clearer and more detailed way. Animation is an innovative educational technology to support teaching and learning of parents and family. Descriptors: Premature Newborn; Educational Technology; Animation; Neonatal Nursing; Validation Studies.
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The premature newborn in mid-twentieth century according to Julius Hess Recém-nascido prematuro em meados do século xx, na ótica de Julius Hess

The premature newborn in mid-twentieth century according to Julius Hess Recém-nascido prematuro em meados do século xx, na ótica de Julius Hess

From the previous descriptions, Figure 1 shows that the incubator is supported on a surface by six fixed round supports. At the center, a meter with seven marking levels is at the bottom of the incubator itself, possibly to control the internal temperature. Above there is the incubator, consisting of three parts of asbestos; the larger is for the accommodation of the newborn, of rounded shape, with high sides, which are covered by the other two parts that constitute the cover, which is slightly flat with a small handle and a cover with a more convex surface.

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Parent' s experiences and perceives at premature newborn in the neonatal intensive care unit

Parent' s experiences and perceives at premature newborn in the neonatal intensive care unit

V tem prispevku bom predstavila drugo raven, to so doživljanja mater in oèetov prezgodaj rojenih otrok neposredno po rojstvu njihovega otroka v èasu spremljanja otroka v Enoti za intenzi[r]

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Using the broken needle technique for peripheral venous puncture in assistance to premature newborn           /           Utilização da técnica broken needle para punção venosa periférica na assistência a recém-nascidos prematuros

Using the broken needle technique for peripheral venous puncture in assistance to premature newborn / Utilização da técnica broken needle para punção venosa periférica na assistência a recém-nascidos prematuros

Objective: to understand the use of the broken needle technique peripheral venous puncture in the professional practice of assistance to preterm infants. Method: qualitative study conducted through interviews with neonatal care professionals submitted to Content Analysis to Bardin. Results: the following categories were identified: Professional perceptions regarding the benefits of the broken needle technique for the neonate; Learning and professional experience of broken needle technique. Conclusion: the transfer of knowledge from one professional to another favored the incorporation of the technique in the institution. The team is concerned with performing techniques that are less aggressive to the newborn and therefore perform the broken needle because they believe it is more advantageous and beneficial and has no adverse effects on the neonate. The professionals decide which technique to use taking into account the anatomical and clinical characteristics of the neonate, their ability and safety in the execution.
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J. Pediatr. (Rio J.)  vol.81 número1 suppl.1 en v81n1s1a09

J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) vol.81 número1 suppl.1 en v81n1s1a09

The introduction of high-frequency ventilation (high- frequency oscillation - HFO, high-frequency jet ventilation - HFJV and high-frequency flow-interrupted ventilation - HFFIV) was initially received with enthusiasm by neonatologists since it appeared less aggressive and used very small tidal volumes with elevated respiratory frequencies, reducing alveolar distension or collapse and thus reducing the risk of lung injuries. Over the last two decades, however, several different clinical studies have been performed and the results remain controversial. 57- 65 Two systematic reviews by the Cochrane Database did not find evidence of great advantages for the use of high- frequency ventilation. Some of the studies involved showed a discrete reduction in the incidence of BPD, while in others there was a significant increase in intraventricular hemorrhage and air leak syndrome. 64,65 Comparing HFO with conventional mechanical ventilation for premature newborn babies, the authors concluded that HFO did not lead to reductions in BPD or mortality, compared to conventional mechanical ventilation, when used as initial treatment for RDS in extremely premature infants. 64
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Rev. esc. enferm. USP  vol.44 número3

Rev. esc. enferm. USP vol.44 número3

In this context, and based on the feelings of the moth- ers found in this study, there is a need for trained health professionals to carry out interdisciplinary actions with the families. The aim would be to help them in the care and comfort of the premature newborn, while strengthening their confidence during hospitalization. It is vitally impor- tant that after hospital discharge, these mothers feel that they can provide safe care to the premature infant at home. Likewise, they should be encouraged to express their feel- ings, to relieve their anxieties, especially regarding the prac- tice of breastfeeding.
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CARE OF THE NEWBORN PREMATURE IN THE REORGANIZATION BEHAVIOR PERSPECTIVE – A VIEW OF NURSING

CARE OF THE NEWBORN PREMATURE IN THE REORGANIZATION BEHAVIOR PERSPECTIVE – A VIEW OF NURSING

Objectives: To identify whether nurses know the signs of stress that the premature newborn may present during the performance of the bath or hygiene and describe how to care that the nurse performs in front of these signs with a view to the reorganization behavior of this baby. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in a neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital, located in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, with twelve nurses. The data collection tool used was semi-structured interview. For data analysis was adopted in the analysis of thematic content. Results: Originated the categories: Knowing the signs of stress in preterm infants during the performance of the bath or body hygiene and Care with a view to conducting behavioral reorganization of premature newborns. Conclusion: The study pointed out the need for nurses to review his conduct in regard to assistance to the newborns premature reorganization combined with their behavior. Descriptors: Newborn, Premature, Behavior, Nursing.
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Einstein (São Paulo)  vol.9 número3

Einstein (São Paulo) vol.9 número3

This article reports the case of an adverse event of cardiac tamponade associated with central catheter peripheral insertion in a premature newborn. The approach was pericardial puncture, which reversed the cardiorespiratory arrest. The newborn showed good clinical progress and was discharged from hospital with no complications associated with the event.

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Sao Paulo Med. J.  vol.133 número5

Sao Paulo Med. J. vol.133 número5

In this study, we present a case of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in a premature newborn caused by methicillin-resis- tant Staphylococcus aureus, with a fatal outcome due to sepsis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus sp. and Serratia marcescens, which was diagnosed at the University Hospital of Santa Maria (Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria, HUSM), Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

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IMPLICATIONS OF PREMATURE LOSS OF PRIMARY MOLARS

IMPLICATIONS OF PREMATURE LOSS OF PRIMARY MOLARS

Data provided in the study of Padma Kumari and in that of Lin, in cases of loss of the temporary irst mandibular molar, showed a statistically signiicant loss of space on the extraction side and insigniicant reduction in the control [13]. The loss rate was higher in the irst 4 months. This study certiies the use of space maintainers in the circumstances of premature loss of temporary mandibular molars in order to preserve space. Yet, the authors found no signiicant arch differences in width, length and perimeter between the initial and the inal examination, so that they concluded that the change in space after premature loss of the irst temporary molar in the mandible is caused mainly by a distal movement of the temporary canine during the irst stage of the premature loss of the irst temporary molars.
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Differences in newborn umbilical cord care

Differences in newborn umbilical cord care

The availability of written guidelines for healthca- re workers on newborn umbilical cord care at the institutional level is unanimously conirmed only by a small number of respondents coming from one and the same hospital, by enclosing a copy of their written guidelines. The results are similar to the research conducted in Scotland where the larger hospital departments share a tendency of having written guidelines (9). Ireland et al. stress that the non-existence of guidelines for above- mentioned practices is a disappointing fact in the age of evidence-based practice (9).

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Genetic Aspects of Premature Ovarian Failure

Genetic Aspects of Premature Ovarian Failure

Recently, skewed inactivation of the X chromosome was detected in a part of patients with primary POF [11]. Skewed inactivation of the X chromosome may be the consequence of selection proc- esses against cells carrying microdele- tions or specific gene mutations on the active X chromosome. Furthermore, it cannot be excluded that skewed inactiva- tion of the X chromosome in POF is a general feature of premature aging be- cause it is well known that skewed X inactivation is more frequent in older women than in young women.

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Multiple congenital defects in a newborn foal

Multiple congenital defects in a newborn foal

Figure 1. Multiple congenital defects in a newborn foal.Necropsy (A) and X-ray (B) show the incomplete development of the left calcaneus, tarsal, metatarsal and phalanges. (C-calcaneus; T- tarsal; M- metatarsal; EP-epiphysis of the proximal phalange; PP- proximal phalange; ME- epiphysis of the media phalange; MP- media phalange; DP-distal phalange; S’ and S”- sesamoid).

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Nasal glial heterotopia in a newborn infant

Nasal glial heterotopia in a newborn infant

A newborn female infant presented at birth with a congenital, 33 · 25 · 25-mm mass located on the nasal bridge and pro- truding along the left nasopalpebral region (Fig. 1). The lesion had never bled and there were no problems associated with feeding or breathing. Physical examination revealed a round, solid, nonpulsating, painless tumor covered by erythematous skin with superficial telangiectasias. This mass showed no growth or change in size during crying or jugular vein compression (Furstenberg sign). There were no signs of visual or airway obstruction. The remainder of the physical examination was unremarkable.
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CSB-PGBD3 Mutations Cause Premature Ovarian Failure.

CSB-PGBD3 Mutations Cause Premature Ovarian Failure.

Premature ovarian failure (POF), also known as premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), typi- cally is defined by elevated serum FSH levels prior to the age of 40 years [1]. Approximately 1% of women are affected. The disorder is heterogeneous, causation including chromosomal abnormalities and single gene mutations, as well as autoimmune, metabolic, infectious and iat- rogenic factors [1]. Evidence for genetic factors has been provided by population and candidate gene studies. Approximately 10 − 15% of cases have an affected first or second degree relative [2], although proven genes with functional confirmation exist only for FMR1, NR5A1, BMP15, NOBOX , FIGLA, PGRMC1 and GDF9 [3–10]. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed multiple loci potentially associated with POF in Chinese, Korean, and Dutch [11–13]. However, in each it was difficult to implicate specific novel genes, and the positive findings were not always replicated. Recently, some causative perturbation has been found in POF asso- ciated with somatic anomalies, such as Perrault syndrome and blepharophimosis-epicanthus syndrome type 1 (BPES1), using whole genome or exome sequencing [14–16]. However, low prevalence and impaired fecundity result in limited pedigrees of POF without associated somatic anomalies (non-syndromic), and whole exome sequencing has not yet been conducted in non-syndromic POF kindreds having more than one affected member until the recent report by Wang, in which compound heterozygous mutation in the HFM1 gene were identified [17].
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OZONE CONCENTRATION ATTRIBUTABLE PREMATURE DEATH IN POLAND

OZONE CONCENTRATION ATTRIBUTABLE PREMATURE DEATH IN POLAND

Najwy˝sze wartoÊci st´˝enia ozonu oraz szaco- wane liczby zgonów (zgonów ogó∏em, zgonów z po- wodu chorób uk∏adu krà˝enia i z powodu chorób uk∏adu oddechowego) w wyniku zanieczyszczenia [r]

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Fisioter. Pesqui.  vol.22 número3

Fisioter. Pesqui. vol.22 número3

Although most studies found in the literature agree with the results found in this study, an issue that remains is the fact that no diference was found between the groups considering the age group newborn 1 month. Importantly, in the studies found in the literature, no comparison was made between LBW and VLBW groups in speciic age groups such as those presented in this study and, therefore, this result shows to be unique. It is believed that this result may be related to the fact that few motor skills are acquired in this age group. hus, it is suggested that, regardless of birth weight, such behaviors do not difer between the LBW and VLBW groups. his diference becomes clear from the moment the motor skills of infants become more varied and complex such as those occurring from the second month of life on, for example, the acquisition of head control, the ability to sit independently, and the beginning of crawling 26 .
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Bmi-1 absence causes premature brain degeneration.

Bmi-1 absence causes premature brain degeneration.

Bmi-1, a polycomb transcriptional repressor, is implicated in cell cycle regulation and cell senescence. Its absence results in generalized astrogliosis and epilepsy during the postnatal development, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate the occurrence of oxidative stress in the brain of four-week-old Bmi-1 null mice. The mice showed various hallmarks of neurodegeneration including synaptic loss, axonal demyelination, reactive gliosis and brain mitochondrial damage. Moreover, astroglial glutamate transporters and glutamine synthetase decreased in the Bmi-1 null hippocampus, which might contribute to the sporadic epileptic-like seizures in these mice. These results indicate that Bmi-1 is required for maintaining endogenous antioxidant defenses in the brain, and its absence subsequently causes premature brain degeneration.
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Skills of premature newborns to oral feeding initiation

Skills of premature newborns to oral feeding initiation

Objetivo: identificar as evidências científicas acerca das habilidades de recém-nascidos prematuros, em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, para início da alimentação oral. Métodos: revisão integrativa, realizada nas bases de dados Scopus, Cinahl, Medline, Lilacs, Science Direct e Web of Science, de forma não controlada e sem recorte temporal, utilizando os descritores: Recém-Nascido Prematuro/Premature, Infant; Comportamento Alimentar/ Feeding Behavior e Aleitamento Materno/Breast Feeding, cruzando-os com o operador AND. Critérios de inclusão: disponíveis na íntegra, em português, inglês e espanhol, sem limitação de ano; e os de exclusão: artigos que não responderam à questão de pesquisa, repetidos e provenientes de outras fontes científicas. Resultados: as produções científicas revelaram que a estimulação sensório-motora-oral, sucção não nutritiva e avaliação de parâmetros hemodinâmicos favorecem a transição sonda-oral para o aleitamento materno. Conclusão: foram identificadas evidências que comprovam que o uso da estimulação e o desenvolvimento das habilidades facilitam, em menor tempo, o in ício da alimentação oral.
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