Professional work

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Coping strategies and psychological readiness of students for professional work

Coping strategies and psychological readiness of students for professional work

Such academic discipline as physical education can also make a contribution into students’ training for effective coping-behavior. One of tasks, which, in the author’s opinion, can be effectively solved within the frames of psychological and psycho-physical training at physical culture lessons 8, 9], is preparation of students for effective usage of coping strategies in future professional activity. Significance of this task is also witnessed by the fact that psychologists (for example D.O. Leontyev) include coping strategies in structure of personality’s potentials. The latter is regarded as integral systemic characteristic of personality’s individual-psychological features, which permit for personality to base on steady inner criteria and bench-marks in his (her) life activity and to preserve stability of orientations and effective functioning in conditions of pressure and variable environment [7]. In our opinion this component is rather important exactly for professional functioning and, that is why, shall purposefully be formed in higher educational establishments.
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Professional work ofthe gerontologist a methodological approach

Professional work ofthe gerontologist a methodological approach

Other practical tasks (that don 't occur in direct interaction witb the elderly), in general, are complex in terms of áreas of abstract knowledge but do not always require the full ran[r]

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Clinics  vol.61 número6

Clinics vol.61 número6

The response (dependent) variable adopted in this study was the presence or absence of low back pain, in order to estimate the prevalence of low back pain in truck drivers. The number of years of professional work, nature of work (self-employed or employee), hours of sleep at night, hours worked during the day, practice of physical or sports activity (yes or no), ethnic group, smoking, alcohol consumption, age, weight, height, and BMI value variables were analyzed to investigate to what extent these items might be risk factors for triggering low back pain, and also to draw a profile of these pro- fessionals. Following the descriptive analysis of the study results, a binary logistical regression model using the maximum verisimilitude method was performed, 23
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Serv. Soc. Soc.  número107

Serv. Soc. Soc. número107

The ethical dimension of the professional work in custody and psychiatric hospitals.. Fátima Grave Ortiz*.[r]

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A qualidade da educação em economia nas universidades portuguesas: como o perfil dos académicos se ajusta aos critérios previstos na acreditação

A qualidade da educação em economia nas universidades portuguesas: como o perfil dos académicos se ajusta aos critérios previstos na acreditação

In the current state of things, there is widespread use of external quality reviews, but there is no clear connection showing that QA systems help improve teaching quality (Rosa & Amaral, 2012). The drive for QA in higher education is often seen as a method of providing reassurance in a system experiencing significant growth. In many cases, higher education systems were conditioned by dual drivers of expansion and improved efficiency, while at the same time controlling for standards (Cave, 1997). External accreditation agencies developed accreditation regimes, taking over from the teaching quality audits run by individual institutions that had traditionally driven quality in higher education (Rosa & Sarrico, 2012). The arrival of these accreditation regimes affected academic work and identities, with an audit culture developing around higher education (Strathern, 2000). As a result, the perception of academic work changed: whereas previously it was seen as professional work characterized by trust and autonomy, it is now more controlled and structured, with rigid management work procedures (Hayes, 2003; Parker & Jary, 1995; Willmott, 1995; Wilson, 1991). As competition has increased in higher education alongside the growing number of rankings being performed, academics have become unsettled with their change in status and how the profession has become stratified, with those at the top of the rankings being classed as the elite (Sarrico & Melo, 2012; Sarrico & Pinheiro, 2015). These factors create an extra source of concern for academics and give a particular perspective to the idea of qualified faculties. The Standards and Guidelines for QA in the European Higher Education Area - ESG (ENQA, 2009) provide the basis for the idea of qualified faculty, making it a common criterion across accreditation standards in Europe, including Portugal (A3ES, 2015).
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Rev. Saúde Pública  vol.45 número6

Rev. Saúde Pública vol.45 número6

It was possible to observe similarities and differences in the associations between the variables analyzed and the work hours, as the same set of variables was considered for both types of work hours. One similarity between these types of work hours is the independent statistical association with the fact of being the sole breadwinner, night job and effort-reward imbalance. However, the OR of the “being the sole breadwinner” and “working at night” categories were lower for the “long total work hours” outcome than “long profes- sional work hours”. The domestic work hours, which are part of the total work hours, probably functions as an important factor in the reduction in the OR. “Being the sole breadwinner” and “working at night” seem to be relevant factors for both domestic and professional work. The present study confi rmed that the longer the domestic work hours, the lower the professional work hours, as reported in a previous publication. 22
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Ciênc. saúde coletiva  vol.20 número6

Ciênc. saúde coletiva vol.20 número6

Abstract The interrelationships between pro- fessional nursing workers’ state of nutrition, variables relating to their socio demographic re- lationships, their professional work, and health behavior, were examined based on a correspon- dence analysis technique. This is a sectional study carried out involving 917 nursing professionals in a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro. The results show the formation of four groups, three of them grouped under BMI (body mass index) categories. The obese individuals group included poor health, current socio economic conditions, unfavorable past conditions, and former night shift workers. The low/adequate group showed the most favor- able conditions, while the group of overweight individuals also included smoking, alcohol con- sumption, and current night shift work (up to five nights per two-week period). Specifically, among the interrelationships between the states of nutri- tion levels, we highlight those relating to current and previously evaluated socio economic condi- tions, and underscore the life-long importance of social indicators.
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The scientific production about occupational health of nursing

The scientific production about occupational health of nursing

The professional with difficulty in articulating the process of caring for others and oneself can convert this into a cause dislocation stress generator in the development of their activities.¹ Thus, it is understood that it is impossible to separate work from personal life. Thus, it is necessary for the nurse to take care of themselves on a personal and professional responsibility with the same care with that of another. On the other hand, one must recognize the limitations and weaknesses to learn to act so as not to hurt their own beliefs, desires and wishes, reaching the full exercise professional
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Moral harassment: a study with nurses of the family health strategy

Moral harassment: a study with nurses of the family health strategy

opinion; are those that lead the offender to feel threatened, whether in office or position within the group. Individuals are usually endowed with responsibility, with a higher level of knowledge to others, with good self-esteem and believe and trust in the people that surround them. It should be noted that these people stand out as productive, which resist authority, who questions and do not conforms to injustices. By having higher skills and qualifications, become easy targets of bullying. These qualities lead the attacker to use all legal means or not, in order to reduce self-esteem and sense of justice, which results in their professional and psychological destruction. 26 Success can also turn someone into a
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Factors that enable the performance of nurses in prenatal Fatores que possibilitam a atuação do enfermeiro na atenção pré-natal

Factors that enable the performance of nurses in prenatal Fatores que possibilitam a atuação do enfermeiro na atenção pré-natal

The nursing features, in their care practices, an approach to the purposes of the welcome. It is expected that, in their training, the nurse is prepared to develop care holistically, considering the physiological and pathological aspects. Through this training and knowledge acquired, this professional has conditions to care for the pregnant women, ensuring autonomy, trust and bond with her and her family. Faced with this, it is built a relationship of trust between them, providing the mother’s accession to the health service, which favors the promotion of her health and family. 23
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Appreciative Teaching of Social Sciences in Competence Based Approaches to Higher Education

Appreciative Teaching of Social Sciences in Competence Based Approaches to Higher Education

Antonio SANDU currently works as Professor PhD at the “Stefan cel Mare” University of Suceava, and as a Senior Researcher at the LUMEN Research Centre in Social & Humanistic Sciences in Iaşi (Romania). He was appointed Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Ethics and Health Policy of “Gr. T. Popa” University, Iasi. He has a BA in Philosophy, another one in Social Work, and the third BA in law. The author also has a MA in Probation and Social Reintegration from “Al. I. Cuza” University. He has a PhD in Philosophy from the “Al. I. Cuza” University, Iaşi (Romania), with a thesis entitled „Oriental Philosophy and Modern Physics. A Humanistic Vision on Universe”.
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Health Self-Perception and Associated Factors Among Nursing Professional Team     /      Autopercepção da Saúde e Fatores Associados Entre Profissionais da Equipe de Enfermagem

Health Self-Perception and Associated Factors Among Nursing Professional Team / Autopercepção da Saúde e Fatores Associados Entre Profissionais da Equipe de Enfermagem

Thus, with regard to the nursing team, it is essential to consider that the work developed by this category, in general, presents some peculiarities inherent in the profession, such as working constantly with critical ill- ness situations, which place the individual at the limit between life and the death; constant contact with bio- logical materials; besides the exercise of the profession in the nocturnal period, developing an inversion of the circadian cycle of the worker. Therefore, these charac- teristics lead to professional susceptibility to stress and consequent illness.⁶
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Esc. Anna Nery  vol.19 número4

Esc. Anna Nery vol.19 número4

It is highlighted that the residents' expectations were circumscribed to gaining technical competences to achieve a job contract, leaving aside other emerging issues in nurse-midwifery, such as the possibilities of autonomous work, the search for professional autonomy, the ethical and legal responsibilities, the implications of the tensions between the existing care models, the medical and the humanized, for the work. This restricted view of the residents reveals that the residency education program needs to encourage the discussion of these professional issues during the course.
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A group dynamic as a strategy for teaching-learning in a nursing management course

A group dynamic as a strategy for teaching-learning in a nursing management course

T his article is the result of the monitoring activities of the discipline of Management in Health Care I Course Undergraduate Nursing, Fluminense Federal University (UFF). To observe the progress of the discipline throughout the semesters, it was noted that there is a difficulty of students to articulate theory and practice, ie, to perceive the grip of theoretical with the reality of the daily work of nurses. Thinking about the possibility of contributing to minimize this difficulty, it was thought the use of group dynamics as a strategy for teaching and learning.
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A PERSONAL NARRATIVE ON THE ROLE OF MICROLEVEL PROFESSIONAL SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE CALLING FOR ITS APPLICATION IN SRI LANKA

A PERSONAL NARRATIVE ON THE ROLE OF MICROLEVEL PROFESSIONAL SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE CALLING FOR ITS APPLICATION IN SRI LANKA

those who are disadvantaged in society. Women suffering quietly from many forms of discrimination, and domestic and other types of violence; abused, abandoned and sexually victimized children, people with various types of disability, youth needing help to escape unemployment and then from the pathway to poverty and exclusion, all those who are addicted to alcohol and other types of drugs; elderly living in socio-economically insecure and undigniied conditions, the homeless etc. are actually a few to mention from a long list of social work clients. We work with them at the individual and family levels which constitutes our micro-level work in the community. For those of us who practice social work in group and community work contexts, some speciic social groups (for example groups of single mothers and unemployed youth) and some speciic communities (for example ethnic minorities and indigenous communities) become clients of our mezzo level work. Whereas some social workers engage in research, program planning and policy analysis and development, some others practice the profession in the context of social development, and they all engage in macro level work. However, social development seems to be contextually both macro and micro level practice as some promote it as a goal as well as a strategy of social work practice (Midgley 1995 and 2010). Some discuss and endorse international social work as a ield of contemporary social work practice with seemingly community development goals (Cox 2006; Pawar and Cox 2010).
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en 0103 507X rbti 29 01 0009

en 0103 507X rbti 29 01 0009

model requires learning from the positive experiences of some units, as well as professional participation, training, and changes in attitudes and habits that allow an open modiication of the visitation policy, which can be adapted to the idiosyncrasies of each unit. he igure of the “primary caregiver” can favor the presence of relatives who are adapted to the individual needs of each patient and his or her environment.

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Job evaluation model of major public hospitals in China

Job evaluation model of major public hospitals in China

its homeland and world with selfless dedication. WCSM/WCH forges ahead towards the goal of establishing itself as an internationally acclaimed center of research and clinical excellence. When the Wenchuan earthquake of 8.0 on the Richter scale hit Sichuan Province in 2008, WCH, as the regional healthcare center closest to the epicenter, acted as a "Diagnosis and Treatment Center for Earthquake-wounded Persons and Patients with Difficult and Complicated Diseases", as a "Technical Supporting Center for Hospitals in the Affected Areas", and as a "Logistics Support Center for Medical Rescue Teams from Other Provinces". WCH ranked at the top among hospitals nationwide for the number of severely wounded persons treated and the rate of patient survival, achieving several miracles in the history of medical rescue efforts. After the earthquake, WCH was referred to as the "backbone" of the medical rescue efforts by the media. Its staff was praised by Premier Wen Jiabao as "not only morally respectable but also highly skilled", and the hospital was awarded the honorary title of "Heroic Organization in Earthquake Relief and Rescue" by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the State Council, and the Central Military Commission. A 7.1- magnitude earthquake hit Yushu in China's Qinghai Province on April 14, 2010. West China Hospital sent a medical team to the disaster area on the same day, then donated medical supplies worth 5.5 million yuan to aid relief work in the area. Meanwhile, the hospital treated more earthquake victims than any other hospitals outside Qinghai Province.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.16 número3

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.16 número3

Regarding definitions on commitment at work, only those aspects related to the organizational and professional environments will be highlighted (7): “…the relative strength of identification and involvement of an individual in a specific organization”; “…the sum of normative pressures used for an individual to act towards organizational objectives and interests”; “…the psychological connection of a person with an organization reflects the degree to which (s)he internalizes and adopts characteristics or perspectives of the organization”; “…a psychological state that connects the individual to the organization”; “…an attitude of a person in relation to his(er) profession or vocation”; “…the motivation to work on the vocation chosen”.
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Apresentação: Álcool: da saúde pública à comorbidade psiquiátrica

Apresentação: Álcool: da saúde pública à comorbidade psiquiátrica

In the third part, two articles discuss the innovations in the organization of services for alcohol-dependent subjects. Much of the skepticism regarding the treatment of alcohol is due to the fact that in Brazil there is no good network for this type of patients. In the article on the organi- zation of services the most efficient ways of planning and implementing the treatment are discussed. We should not remain at a stage of dilet- tante amateurism to treat complex pictures such as alcohol dependence. Services should be more organized and, moreover, the management of cases should be more professional. The concept of case management when applied to mental health, and especially in the case of alcohol-rela- ted problems, facilitates compliance with and effectiveness of the treat- ment. One of the important evidence regarding treatment is that the hi- gher the adherence to the service, the higher the chances of success. Therefore, better organized services and better managed cases could make a big difference in the care of these patients.
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Anxiety and depression levels among  health residents

Anxiety and depression levels among health residents

Objective: to assess symptoms of anxiety and depression of professionals of Multidisciplinary Health Residence Programs. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study, performed with fifty professionals, using three instruments: one for socioeconomic and demographic data, and the Beck’s Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: predominance of females (92.0%), average age 26 years old, single (88.0%), family income from two to five salaries (56.0%) satisfied with the work (82.0%) and thought about quitting the program (56.0%) showed anxiety (50.0%) and depression (28.0%). Conclusion: there was an association between anxiety and depression in multidisciplinary residents, which points to the need for rethinking strategies for identifying these symptoms and control of stress factors for the promotion of mental health.
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