Nos últimos decênios, o Serviço Social tem apresentado um significativo salto qualitativo no seu acervo e na produção de conhecimentos envolvendo os diversos âmbitos da formação e do exercício profissional. Isso é notado diante da expansão na produção acadêmico-profissional, tanto nos trabalhos de conclusão de curso de graduação, nos mestrados, doutorados, espe- cializações, aperfeiçoamentos, capacitações, quanto na produção e sistematização de conhe- cimentos oriundos da experiência, vivência e atu- ação nos diversos espaços ocupacionais. Esse quadro pode ser constatado nos últimos anos, quando se observa o aumento de apresentações de trabalhos na forma de relatos de experiência nos fóruns, congressos e encontros organizados pela categoria profissional. A socialização das experiências profissionais, com seus dilemas, repercussões, impasses, desafios, limites, pos- sibilidades e sua respectiva publicização traz inú- meras contribuições para os assistentes sociais refletirem criticamente sobre a realidade social em que se revelam as múltiplas manifestações da questão social, compreendida como objeto de investigação e intervenção do Serviço Social e resultado das contradições, antagonismos e desigualdades produzidas no capitalismo.
SocialWork, as a profession within the socio-technical division of labor and as an area of Applied Social Sciences, is also a producer of scientific knowledge that sometimes has researches affected by “the capitalist reality” that “dialectically” encourages its reduction. Objective: To analyze the landscape of research and knowledge production within the scope of SocialWork. Method: This is a literature review study that used articles from the CAPES Portal Periodicals database. The keywords used in the search were "search", "social service", "public notices" and "CNPq". For this study, publications from 2015 to 2019 of peer-reviewed journals were used, and 119 articles were found. Results: It should be noted that researchinSocialWork, even starting late and superficially, consisting only in collecting data about the living conditions of the population, is nowadays of great importance as an area of knowledge in the context of applied social sciences. studying topics of great relevance to the country's social development and addressing existing vulnerabilities. Conclusion: Research carried out within the scope of SocialWork provides the confrontation of the hegemony of capital, constituting a professional practice in favor of equity and social justice.
Anderson & Mohan (2011) studied cases of social networking at four knowledge- intensive companies. Their paper does not analyze the communicational data but rather uses semi-structured interviews where participants were selected through snowball sampling. The authors asked about the use of the social networking software, benefits, challenges and implementation outcomes. Since only one of the companies used microblogging, not all results are useful. At the only company in the research where microblogging was used, (a small software company based in the USA and China) it was used as a tool to ‘help employees keep in touch and to foster a sense of community’ (2011, p. 27). They also found that whatever role it has, this role can quickly fall away; if a thought leader would drop out of the process, others would follow. The authors also mention that at the software company, employees use social networking systems to ‘share both social and individual knowledge’ (Anderson & Mohan, 2011, p. 27). Although the source is peer reviewed, it is a magazine. This means a minimal amount of detail is discussed and therefore the authority of results cannot be fully ascertained.
Translation of research into policy and a greater attention to grassroots demand in resource-poor areas are evident insocial- sciences–related research and innovation applied to HIV/AIDS and Chagas disease, respectively in some African and South American countries. For those living in conditions of poverty, and especially when those conditions are extreme as it is the case in South Africa, local mobilization to speak out against HIV/AIDS appeared crucial to demanding antiretroviral therapy. Com- prehensive research on Chagas disease , not exempt from criticism for its shortcom- ings , stood out as best practice in improved housing against infestation by Trypanosoma cruzi (via the vinchucas)  and became a classic. Similar work  contributed to such perspective on the strong relationships among health, dis- ease, and economic and sociocultural contexts in addressing the spread of Chagas disease by triatomine vectors (Triatoma infestans) and the parasite (T. cruzi). The resulting success at inspiring sustainable, culturally sensitive and trans- ferable community health development projects benefited the poor (Table 1).
SocialWork is a field of knowledge that maintains an ethical and political commitment to protecting the rights of the participants inresearch. Prior to the creation of the resolution, the Social Workers’ Professional Code of Ethics already indicated the need for professionals to respect the rights of participants to have prior information about the study procedure, freedom of choice and access to the results of the studies (CFESS, 1993; BARROCO, 2009). Inresearch projects conducted by social workers, it is common for the object of the study to be users of SocialWork who belong to socially stigmatized social classes or groups due to factors such as income, level of education, profession or even physical and mental deficiencies. Some of the people who participate inSocialWork studies can be described, according to Barroco (2009, p. 132), as “a population considered vulnerable to certain requirements presented by scientific research.” In this sense, the adoption of ethical care in the realization of scientific studies is an attribute of considerable importance in the education and professional exercise of social workers.
The proposed study of this paper implemented five questionnaires, which are associated with job motivation, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. We have selected 25 sample employees who work for the case study of this research located in west region on Iran. Using some statistical tests we analyze the data and the preliminary results indicate that employee have an average job satisfaction. The results indicated that there were some positive relationships between job satisfaction and other factors including wage increase, psychological needs, physical equipments, entertainment equipment and work-team.
in some cases precariousness that graduates’ face in the transition to work trajectories. The hypothesis that the distributions of the relative degree of centrality attributed to the spheres of social life between male and female graduates are identical was evaluated using the Mann-Whitney test (given the range 1 - 10 Nothing important - Very important) which allowed us to conclude that there are more differences than gender similarities. Ascertained statistically significant differences in the distribution of the degrees of relative centrality. The female graduates tend to have higher degrees of importance in the sphere of "work" (W = 166.7, p = 0.000) in the realm of "family (W = 158.4, p = 0.000), in the sphere of" friends and acquaintances (W = 163.5, p = 0.000), in the sphere of "artistic and cultural activities" (W = 164.8, p = 0.001) and in the sphere of "leisure" (W = 168.2, p = 0007).The male graduates have degrees higher than female graduates in the sphere of "sport" and the differences are equally significant from a statistical point of view (W = 196.1, p = 0.000). On the contrary, there were no significant differences in the distribution of the degree of relative importance assigned to the sphere of "politics", in which the male and female graduates showed the same degree of relative centrality (W = 127.7). These data reinforce that family is the most important dimension of individual lives, as indeed has been reported in several studies (MOW, 1987 ; Meda, 1999 ; Snir and Harpaz, 2004 ; Galland, 2007 ).
Objectives | The purpose of this work is to review the scientific literature (journal articles) that analyses social tourism, with the objective of identifying the evolution of the concept, the methodologies adopted and the main results of the empirical workin this field. The review of literature undertaken provides an analysis of the evolution of published research and also permits the identification of future research pathways.
The focus of a study on this topic could be the extent of voluntary work among students in Romania (who have the qualities already mentioned: they are young, they have a high educational background and a significant relational capital, and they come mostly from the urban area). Unfortunately we don’t have any studies regarding students’ engagement in voluntary work and for that reason we shall limit our considerations to the students of „A. I. Cuza” University of Iasi (UAIC). The objectives of our research were as follows:
theologians struggled by this method to reconcile reason and faith until St Thomas Aquinas, in his work Summa Theologica in 1273, established by questioning cause and effect that everything must have a cause. The investigation of social structure was then moved forward by the great reformation thinkers such as Erasmus (1466– 1536) and Luther (1483–1546) who believed that men should think for themselves in religious matters and translated the Bible into the vernacular. However, it was not until Francis Bacon in the later 16th century established modern procedures for science that the idea of a hypothesis was clearly stated. In a series of books he claimed that the scientist must work by observation to form a theory that links certain facts together and provides a reasonable explanation for them; from this hypothesis he deduces further facts which he then constantly subjects to checks or experiments. Trained as a lawyer, Bacon applied to science the laws of evidence and the burden of proof. The written forms of socialresearch hypothesis-making were further developed out of the work of the pure scientists such as Newton and Pasteur and became more like statements to be tested by questioning as the western world moved into the age of enlightenment throughout the second half of the l8th century. During the 17th and 18th centuries hypotheses were variously described by Blount (1656) as ‘a proposition or principle put forth merely as a basis for reasoning or argument’ or by Burke (1794) as ‘an actual or possible condition as a basis for action’ (Encyclopaedia Americana, 1978: 683).
The curriculum includes compulsory and optional disciplines. We mention some of the most relevant disciplines for this specialization: Socialwork and social economy; Social theory and research qualitative and quantitative in‐depth study ; Economic and social policy within the European Union; Cost management and funding; Accountability and financial reporting for private entities; The legal framework of the organizations and enterprises; Labour law; (uman Resources Mana‐ gement; Structures and mecanisms of the European projects funding; )ntercultural project management; Evaluating social policy and programs; Funding social enterprises; Community development; Case management; Economic evaluation and estimation of socialwork.
Moreover, there is limited research on the role of graduate education in determining if future helping professionals view the cause of poverty from a cultural/behavioral or structural lens. MSW students who took a higher number of socialwork courses perceive causal factors associated with poverty to be related to societal factors such as situational or institu- tional factors that privilege some groups over others such as race, gender, class, and so on (Jordan, 2004). Gasker and Vafeas (2003) found socialwork students who had taken a social welfare course were more likely than students who had not to attribute poverty to structural factors and less likely to attribute causes of poverty to the characteristics of the individual (e.g., behavioral or cultural attributes). Yun and Weaver (2010) had similar findings reporting that of two groups of students with similar demographic characteristics, those who took a course that focused on the topics of food poverty policy, homelessness, and challenges faced by impoverished individuals were more likely to view poverty from a structural context than students who enrolled in a business class focused on the global economy.
Group reading instruction includes rich tasks which promote deep understanding; allows teachers to teach reading before and during the reading process, (not only after the reading process); and allows instructors to adjust teaching to meet the needs of all learners. In groups everyone is engaged and everyone has a voice. Students can sometimes learn more from each other than they can from the teacher. Also, this mode of instruction involves the social context of learning. The classroom is clearly a place where people have to work together, essentially requiring a compromise between their own individuality and the dynamics of the whole group (McDonough and Shaw, 2003). It is ideally a co-operative environment. The teacher generally demonstrates such strategies for students until the students are able to carry them out independently
Abstract-- This researchwork aims to contribute to the development of a bio-binder for use at the paving industry, from the modification of a petroleum based asphalt by the sap of Euphorbia Tirucalli (Petroleum Plant). Thus, a base asphalt (PG 64-28) was modified with 3%, 5% e 10%, by weight, of sap of the petroleum plant. The functional groups present in the sap were characterized by Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy. The parameters chosen for the analysis of the modified binders were the empirical characteristics (softening point, penetration); the rheological behavior (Brookfield viscosity, complex module, phase angle); and the effects of oxidative aging (all the properties before and after aging at RTFOT). It was also carried out specific rheological tests for the determination of Performance Grade (PG) and the behavior related to permanent deformation by Multiple Stress Creep and Recovery (MSCR) test. The results showed that it was possible to replace up to 10% of the asphalt binder by sap without observe significant changes in the rheological properties, and still reducing the compaction and mixing temperatures. This result implies on major environmental and economical effects, once a material from renewable source reduces the consumption of fossil asphalt binder, and decreases the fuel expenditure for the mixing and compaction procedures as well.
problems on the macro-level, being consistent with state social policy) (Ondre jko ič, . K oto á speaks a out these pa adig s: counselling, anthropological and re-educational. A trend towards multi-paradigmatism is clear from above mentioned approaches. In this spirit is social pedagogy described in a book Man-Environment-Upbringing ( Člo ěk – p ostředí – ý ho a) with subheading Questions of Social Pedagogy (K otázká so iál í pedagogik ) by Kraus and Poláčko á et al. (2001). Here is social pedagogy presented as a scientific discipline of trans- disciplinary nature focusing on the role of environment in upbringing and education not only in connection to the problems of disadvantage groups that are at risk, potentially deviant acting groups, vulnerable groups, but also in connection to the whole society by creating a harmony between the needs of individuals and the society and contributing to the optimal way of life at a given time in a given social conditions. Similarly is social pedagogy seen by Kraus (2014) in his new work Basics of Social Pedagogy )áklad so iál í pedagogik .
A organização dessa sociedade irritou o fi lho do senhor de engenho, que, vendo no espírito associativo nascente entre os foreiros um perigo para seu patrimônio, procurou despejar os moradores. Estes, liderados por Zezé da Galiléia e por Manuel Severino de Oliveira, recusaram-se a obedecer-lhe, levando o proprietário a mover contra eles, no fórum de Vitória de Santo Antão, ação de despejo. Procurando um advogado que os defendesse, os foreiros terminaram no escritório de Francisco Julião, que, com pouco mais de quatrocentos votos pessoais, conseguira, por meio de votos de legenda, eleger-se para o palácio Joaquim Nabuco. Era o único representante do Partido Socialista na Câmara Estadual; resolveu, então, defender de graça, uma vez que os foreiros não podiam pagar e que ele como deputado “ga- nhava bem do Estado”. Pego de surpresa, não tinha Julião, certamente, um plano para resolver o problema agrário nordestino (Meira, 1961b); conhecia, porém, o meio rural, uma vez que era fi lho de senhor de engenho e irmão de agricultores de Bom Jardim; à medida que defendia os “galileus”, Fran- cisco Julião notou que casos idênticos surgiam em todo o estado e que o problema, antes apenas judiciário, tornara-se, na verdade, social. Achou, assim, que saía da alçada de juízes e advogados e atingia a dos legisladores. Por isso, utilizando seu mandato, passou a combater na Câmara e na im- prensa o “cambão” e o “foro”. Achou que sua maior missão era despertar a grande massa camponesa para a luta, para a tomada de consciência de sua força e de suas necessidades, evitando que as tentativas de solução do problema agrário fossem elaboradas de cúpula, por intelectuais e políticos que quase sempre desconhecem a realidade camponesa. Para melhor es- truturar as organizações de luta dos camponeses, legalizou a 1° de janeiro de 1955 a sociedade fundada pelos “galileus”, que existia até então apenas de fato. Apesar de continuar denominada Sociedade Agrícola e Pecuária dos Plantadores de Pernambuco, tornou-se esta conhecida em todo o Brasil por seu nome de guerra, bem menos extenso, de Ligas Camponesas. Esse nome tem tanta aceitação que na Paraíba o vocábulo “camponês” identifi ca os associados das Ligas. A fi m de evitar o despejo dos foreiros de Galiléia, Julião apresentou à Câmara Estadual um projeto de lei desapropriando o engenho, o qual foi aprovado e sancionado pelo governador do estado.
The reflection process was facilitated by the involvement of SWU staff in the European Union project, “Network for Tuning Standards and Quality of Education programmes for Speech and Language Therapists in Europe” (Project number: 177075-LLP-1-2010-1-FR-ERASMUS-ENWA). The goal was to produce an overview and guidelines on how to design undergraduate and graduate program in Logopedics with in- tegrated mobility. The National Society of Logopedists (NSL) in Bulgaria should establish its own standards for educating students, combining academic and clinical knowledge, as well as creating continuing education guidelines. In order to meet the revised 2010 IALP guidelines for initial education in Logopedics, a reevaluation and amendments are strongly recommended.
Although internet access is spreading, the cost is still relatively high. Providing uninterrupted internet access to scientists in universities and research institutes in Nigeria will enhance their ability to access relevant information in a timely and convenient manner in addition to creating avenue for better networking (Alabi et al., 2007). The increasing tendency for scientists to own private Personal Computers (PC’s) is making access easier since such PC’s serve multiple purposes including research. The development of a strong and reliable communications infrastructure will enhance access to developments in specific areas of agricultural biotechnology and stimulate innovation among scientists. The central activity on which scientific enterprise revolves and is sustained is communication. Access to human resource development opportunities by scientist is crucial in determining their overall output. Such opportunities include training, career advancement opportunities, competitive remunerations and adequate patency protection for research findings, thereby ensuring that they benefit from royalties. Considering the tedium involved in a life-science like agricultural biotechnology research, these motivational elements will impact directly on the stability of scientists and their efficiency in terms of quantity and quality of research output. The present unfriendly work environment as setting the stage for a dearth in skilled personnel to man laboratories for agricultural biotechnology research (Alabi et al., 2007).
Conclusions: The results of this study highlight the relationship between specific personality traits with volunteering. According to the results, there appear to be some evidence that individuals, who have participated in a voluntary effort, are people with a high sense of altruism, present low score in the scale of narcissistic personality and a high score in the scale of personality. Moreover, there is evidence that gender, marital status, educational level and job play a role in shaping the three personality scales. Note, however, that the results are statistically significant.
sino por la reciprocidad son experiencias que se conjugan con los rituales religiosos en los que se expresa la diversidad, como por ejemplo, las prácicas religiosas afrobrasileiras, para mostrar su incidencia en toda la vida espiritual y social de quienes las pracican, entre el esigma, la violencia y las estrategias defensivas (Crisiana Tramonte, 2001). Así mismo las fesividades que recrean los mitos fundacionales o simplemente permiten mantener la cohesión de las comunidades y la educación con un senido del conocimiento y aprendizaje para la vida prácica se realiza en ruptura con la insitucionalidad educaiva como medida para recomponer los saberes perdidos en el formato occidental, por ejemplo los nidos de lengua en más de 10 comunidades de Oaxaca-México que son un ejemplo de educación no bilingüe sino intercultural con la incorporación de lo míico como parte del aprendizaje, estas y muchas otras prácicas de vida resisten entre contradicciones con las lógicas del capitalismo y la modernidad. Estas prácicas encaminadas a la regeneración cultural de los ámbitos de comunidad como lo denomina Gustavo Esteva (1996) han sido destruidos con el desarrollo, por eso “regenerando su propia capacidad curaiva […] regenerar la ierra y la cultura y con el iempo mejorar la nutrición […] la recuperación de la propia deinición de necesidad” (pp.70-71)denominadas por él mismo (2010) “La insurrección en curso”, no depende de dirigentes visibles, retorna a los senidos básicos de la vida como el comer, sanar, aprender, desde diferentes formas de relacionamiento entre el campo, la ciudad y la ciudad misma y a través de otras alianzas que en conjunto y “anicipan la forma de la sociedad por venir” (p.33)