School health

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Evaluation of the strategies used in the prevention of periodontal diseases in school health in Portugal

Evaluation of the strategies used in the prevention of periodontal diseases in school health in Portugal

The implementation of the School Health Nacional Programme (PNSE) in Portugal allows the development of activities in two fundamental axes: supervision, health protection and knowledge acquisition; technical skills; and health support (Direcção-Geral da Saúde and Divisão de Saúde Escolar, 2006). School health multidisciplinary teams comprised by public health doctors, dentists, nurses and oral hygienists develop activities and strategies to improve oral health behaviours, encouraging toothbrush since preschool to high school level; to instruct teachers, students and parents about the importance of oral hygiene, preventing oral diseases; and to enable children, parents and educators to identify symptoms of gingival inflammation and acquire knowledge to prevent periodontal diseases.
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Health Promotion and School Health: the Health Visiting Role in Greece

Health Promotion and School Health: the Health Visiting Role in Greece

www.inernationaljournalofcaringsciences.org in reducing inequities in society, thereby contributing to the health and wealth of the population at large. They aim at achieving healthy lifestyles for the whole school population by developing supportive environments conducive to the promotion of health (Burgher, Barnekow Rasmussen & Rivett, 1999). The health-promoting schools approach integrates health promotion into the whole context of the school and explores how the school can reach out to the community to facilitate health-promoting processes (Barnekow et al., 2006). WHO (2012) promotes school health programmes as a strategic means to prevent important health risks among youth and to engage the education sector in efforts to change the educational, social, economic and political conditions that affect risk.
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Key words School health, Violence, Bullying, Ad-

Key words School health, Violence, Bullying, Ad-

With a constructivist stance, this study demon- strated that adolescents know the main concep- tual dimensions of bullying, but they explain it in a descriptive way and based on individual issues. In their view, bullying can be explained mainly by the type of violence practiced, as well as by their forms of manifestation in everyday life. It is noteworthy that the bullied mentioned more frequently verbal violence, while the bul- lies emphasized violence in their narratives. The participants also did not underestimate the mo- tivations for the practice of bullying and its con- sequences for the health, development and the teaching-learning process of all those involved. The original contribution of this study is the construction of an interpretative, comprehensive and explanatory representation of the investi- gated phenomenon from the perspective of stu- dents. It is essential to discuss their experiences, i.e. how they define bullying and what they say about it, for the organization of care and effective intervention programs, broadening the technical logics of literature or of adults.
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Key words Public health, School health, Vaccina-

Key words Public health, School health, Vaccina-

The most mentioned diseases when the ad- olescents were asked which vaccinations they had had were infantile paralysis (60.7%; CI 95%: 56.6% - 64.6%), followed by yellow fever(56.0%; CI 95%: 52% - 60%), tetanus(34.0%; CI 95%: 30.3% - 38.0%), and measles (28.6%; CI 95%: 25.1% - 32.4%).Twenty-seven point four per- cent (CI 95%: 24% - 31.2%) did not know. A small percentage of the adolescents (14.4%; CI 95%: 11.7% - 17.5%) mentioned dengue fever, for which a vaccine is not yet available through the public health system, and nonvaccine-pre- ventable diseases such as syphilis (2.8%; CI 95%: 1.7% - 4.6%) and HIV/AIDS (1.0%; CI 95% 0.4% - 2.3%).It is important to note that the ado- lescents were allowed to mention more than one disease or infection.
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Key words Public health, School health, Vaccina-

Key words Public health, School health, Vaccina-

with a health extension program was conduct- ed with 605 adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years from 22 public schools in Divinópolis, Brazil. The aim of the study was to determine the vaccination status of the adolescents and their level of knowledge of communicable and vaccine-preventable diseases. Three-stage cluster sampling was used comprising schools, classes, and students. The findings show that vaccination coverage among adolescents was 45.1% and yel- low fever was shown to have the lowest coverage rate (64%). The most mentioned diseases when the adolescents were asked which vaccinations they had had were infantile paralysis (60.7%), yellow fever (56%), tetanus (34%), and measles (28.6%).Extension activities were conducted with 6,650 people, comprising vaccination (2,334 doses administered), aimed at expanding vaccination coverage, and health education activities with 2,839 adolescents directed at sexually transmit- ted diseases, family planning; and licit and illicit drugs. The study had a positive impact in terms of the expansion of vaccination coverage and the extension activities played an essential role in in- creasing the adolescents’ knowledge of the themes addressed.
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Key words School health, Violence, Bullying, Ad-

Key words School health, Violence, Bullying, Ad-

Abstract This study unveils the meaning at- tributed by students to bullying and contributes to the approach of student health. The objective was to identify the dimensions of the conceptions of students regarding bullying. A total of 55 stu- dents from 11 public schools participated by an- swering semi-structured interviews. Dimension- al analysis was used to treat data and a matrix was constructed with the dimensions identified. The Grounded Theory was adopted as the meth- odological and theoretical framework. The ad- olescents were aware of the main dimensions of bullying but explained it descriptively and from individual perspectives. The following dimensions were identified: type, nature, examples, motiva- tion and consequences. The type of violence was a dimension with greater explanatory power in relation to the remaining dimensions. Verbal vi- olence and its different manifestations stood out. Aspects of the literature that define bullying were identified, indicating how the topic is diffused, its occurrence and how it is understood by students. The innovative nature of this study is its focus on the identification of the dimensions of bullying present in the narrative of Brazilian students. It is an approach that contributes to the organiza- tion of healthcare programs and interventions in different fields.
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Intersectoriality in the promotion of school in health: a study of the Health in School Program

Intersectoriality in the promotion of school in health: a study of the Health in School Program

ABSTRACT This study aimed to analyze Health in School Program in the health district of one of the Brazilian capitals adopting the intersectoriality approach in the school health promotion actions. This is qualitative and exploratory research based on case study that applied documental analysis as source of data collection. Results revealed that occasional and fragmented actions still occur in the integration between sectors, but also articulated proposals gradually emerge com- mitted to intersectoriality and health promotion. Among the challenges, we highlight the need for monitoring and evaluating the program as for health promotion as well as active community insertion in the field.
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A STUDY OF THE MORBIDITY PROFILE, PERSONAL HYGIENE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF SCHOOL CHILDREN IN RURAL AREAS OF DISTRICT GHAZIABAD IN UTTAR PRADESH

A STUDY OF THE MORBIDITY PROFILE, PERSONAL HYGIENE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF SCHOOL CHILDREN IN RURAL AREAS OF DISTRICT GHAZIABAD IN UTTAR PRADESH

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: As part of the rural outreach programme and school health programme of Santosh Hospital, medical examination of school children, studying in Government Primary and Middle Schools of the nine villages where the outreach programme was in progress, was carried out. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to find out the morbidity profile, nutritional status and level of personal hygiene of the school children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A team of doctors examined all the students of the concerned schools on a fixed date. Health status was assessed by detailed clinical history and thorough check-up by resident doctors in Ophthalmology, ENT, Pediatrics and Dentistry. Level of personal hygiene was assessed by checking the cleanliness of clothes, hair, nails, face and freedom from any skin infections. Nutritional status was assessed by calculating Body Mass Index (BMI) and the weight status was then classified according to WHO BMI for AGE classification. The study was conducted between 04 August 2014 to 21 November 2014 and a total of 421 students were examined. RESULTS: Maximum (41.33%) children were found to have dental caries, followed by anemia in 11.64% students. Fever and upper respiratory tract infections were found in 9.5% children and defective vision in 3.09% students. Complaints of pain abdomen was given by 2.38% children and 2.85% of them gave history of worm infestation. A number of students were found to be suffering from skin infections like pyoderma (4.99%), scabies (3.09%) and fungal infections (2.61%). CONCLUSIONS: The government health department should regularly carry out school health check-up as well as health education sessions to educate the children, parents as well as school teachers on various preventive measures including improvement in nutritional status and personal hygiene.
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Repositório Institucional da UFPA: Oral health assessment in school program health: who and how?

Repositório Institucional da UFPA: Oral health assessment in school program health: who and how?

Oral health is a constitutional right, with its own national policy which guides the relevance of its interrelation to general health within the integrality principles. This manuscript aims at understanding how oral health assessment and actions are observed within the School Program Health, through a qualitative study performed in the city of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil. The sample criterion consisted of 5 nurses, 5 teachers and 5 parents. A semi-structured script was used, written and transcribed with subsequent thematic analysis. The analysis revealed three thematic categories emphasizing the need for policy empowerment and practice in order to understand the meanings of oral health within the SHP as well as to enlarge its specificity in the interdisciplinary work scenario. Thus, it is clear that for the effective functioning of the school / health relationship, it is of utmost importance that SHP policy is applied and recognized while continuously seeking to strengthen the principle of integrality and extended clinic. The study also highlights permanent education and constant need for the participants’ skill improvement so that both students’ health care and life quality can be fully promoted.
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Ciênc. saúde coletiva  vol.21 número6

Ciênc. saúde coletiva vol.21 número6

Public schools are historically important venues for health practice and experience pres- ent in the mutual relations of individuals living in this scenario. The determinants of health and disease conditions can be debated and analyzed at school. School is an institution defined by its teaching role, but it is also the place where health appears as a recurring subject of learning. How- ever, discussing school health occurred mainly around the issue control and prevention of sit- uations of illness and risk and harm to health through epidemiological and health surveillance and clinical and therapeutic care. The course of health education has sustained a hygienist and preventative logic with normative components and pre-defined content of what should be done and discussed in school health 3-5 .
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Epidemiologic status of drug abuse in Mexico

Epidemiologic status of drug abuse in Mexico

The survey, initiated by the Association for the Advancement of Health Education, American School Health Association, and the Society for Public Health Education, [r]

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Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr.  vol.29 número2

Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. vol.29 número2

Marc N Potenza Problem Gambling Clinic, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Women and Addictive Disorders Core, Women’s Health Research, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Neuroimaging, MIRECC, West Haven Veteran’s Affairs Hospital, Connecticut, USA Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

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Community participation at a community health outpost

Community participation at a community health outpost

Health team members give regular talks in the local schools, after which the school- children’s health problems are taken up by the health team members and scho[r]

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Saude soc.  vol.20 número1

Saude soc. vol.20 número1

In this perspective, a large part of the papers focus, in its different conceptual and methodologi- cal approaches, on the theme of violence and vul- nerability situations in different groups – women, children and adolescents - in the standpoint of the exposed subjects and also in that of the health pro- fessionals. The question of dengue is also discussed in other papers; one of them brings the reality of the Argentinean society. To complete this issue, the remaining texts provide contributions to men’s health, the relationship between user and urgent care services and the theme of social networks in the field of health.
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The pathogen- and incidence-based DALY approach: an appropriate [corrected] methodology for estimating the burden of infectious diseases.

The pathogen- and incidence-based DALY approach: an appropriate [corrected] methodology for estimating the burden of infectious diseases.

We are not the first using an incidence-based approach (e.g. [39–42]). In case of infectious diseases most studies, however derived the incident cases of subsequent health outcomes using syndrome surveillance combined with etiological fractions, rather than using conditional probabilities (e.g. GBS [30,43]), or if using conditional probabilities, not as extensively defined to include all relevant health outcomes by using conditional probabilities (e.g. [30,43]). Deriving incident cases of subsequent health outcomes from syndrome surveillance is definitively a valid approach, but very time-consuming hampering annual updates of disease burden. In the approach presented in this paper, the explicit input in our disease burden model are the numbers of symptomatic infections. All subsequent health outcomes are modelled using conditional probabilities. This approach has as one major advantage, - presuming that conditional probabilities are properly defined initially -, namely that disease burden estimations of infectious diseases can easily be updated from year to year, and could therefore be used, - next to the annual reporting of surveillance data -, as additional information to decision makers. And with 32 pathogens in the toolkit that is currently being developed, health decision makers have evidence-based estimates to support prioritisation and comparison of infectious diseases.
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Teaching of public health in a university : Responsibilities of a school of public health

Teaching of public health in a university : Responsibilities of a school of public health

ate instruction of various professional groups to be employed in community health programs, leaving instruction of all other students to their respective colleges as un[r]

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Expert group on Community health services and community involvement

Expert group on Community health services and community involvement

Associate Professor of Community Health School of Medicine.. National University of Colombia Dr.[r]

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Characteristics associated to a poor self- rated health in Brazilian adolescents, National Adolescent School-based Health Survey, 2015

Characteristics associated to a poor self- rated health in Brazilian adolescents, National Adolescent School-based Health Survey, 2015

This is a cross-sectional study using data from PeNSE 2015, carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in partnership with the Ministry of Health. The sample of 9th grade students was calculated in order to estimate pop- ulation parameters in several geographical areas: each of the 26 Federative Units, the 26 Federative Unit capitals and the Federal District, the 5 geographic macroregions and the total of Brazil 22 .

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Playful education in health: report of an experience of “luminescent nurses”

Playful education in health: report of an experience of “luminescent nurses”

healthy lifestyles (diet and exercise); "Rapunzel not throw your braids: they have lice, "which was worked on a major public health problem: pediculosis;" Snow white and the seven dwarfs "where the witch in the fairy tales reappears bringing negative health issues, which appear so enchanted as" spells "this character, affecting the ancient dwarves: pediculosis, scabies, worms, tungiasis, disobedience and lack of education;" The three little pigs and the big bad wolf-breath ", where the emphasis was on oral problems arising from not adopt hygienic habits, and "Alice in Wonderland" in which all the characters from previous tales gathered seek the transformation of the witch, who, in the end, delighted by the positive values brought by the stories above, becomes the character Alice, a symbol of an enchanted world where everything is perfect in that lifestyle habits are healthy and positive actions only remaining health.
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Ciênc. saúde coletiva  vol.22 número10

Ciênc. saúde coletiva vol.22 número10

Vital events, noncommunicable diseases and disorders: The Monitoring Team for Vital Events, Noncommunicable Diseases and Disorders (EVEV) are responsible for the management and epidemiological qualification of Health Surveil- lance systems: the Mortality Information System (SIM), the Live Birth Information System (SI- NASC) and Violence and Accidents Surveillance (SINAN). For each information system, the team and the ESP/RS resident nurse think about dif- ferent work processes for the organization of data that investigate vital events and noncom- municable disorders. The intercession between education and service occurs through multidis- ciplinary residents in the field, training and ori- entation of curricular and extracurricular intern- ships. One of the main activities carried out by the ESP/RS resident, in addition to planning of actions with the team, is the participation in the Municipal AIDS-related Mortality Committee, established by Law N° 11.425, of April 22, 2013.
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