Along with sustainablegrowth and energy efficiency, a new concept emerges in the current literature, the Demand-side Management (DSM) (Gyamfi, Amankwah Diawuo, Nyarko Kumi, Sika, and Modjinou, 2017). The DSM is the control of energy consumption applying different mechanism such as real-time pricing of energy (Alasseri, Tripathi, Joji Rao and Sreekanth, 2017; Bergaentzlé, Clastres and Khalfallah, 2014; Khan, Mahmood, Safdar, Khan and Khan, 2016; Meyabadi and Deihimi, 2017; Yang et al., 2017). Many authors have incorporated the energy pricing in energy efficiency studies (Du, Matisoff, Wang and Liu, 2015), allowing to evaluate the effect of pricing energy to reduce inefficiency. Indeed, such incorporation is suitable allowing to assess the effect of the DSM concept.
As knowledge management projects have to deal with complex variables such as organic growth that have an inherent uncertainty, they can raise suspiciousness against other fact-based initiatives. That is why some knowledge managers try to frame the project in terms that are more business- friendly, such as indicating that cycle times will be reduced through a reutilization of the resources (Davenport and Beers, 1998). Therefore, it is necessary to focus on finding reliable key performance indicators and this will indeed require a use of less traditional options. One option to judge the outcomes is to verify if the organization improved in capabilities such as: anticipating opportunities for new products/services, rapidly commercialize new innovations, anticipate surprises and crisis, decrease market response times, avoid overlapping development of corporate initiatives, streamline its internal processes and reduce redundancy of information and knowledge (Gold and Segars, 2001).
Abstract – This article is made up of a case of application of Game Theory to business partners. It analyzes the partnership as an element that has consequences on the sustainablegrowth process of companies in the Information Technology (IT) industry in Brazil and presents the application of a model adopted by business partners on this sector. Research shows that partnership between IT companies with complementary profiles has beneficial effects and contributes to the sustainablegrowth of the companies in the IT sector, and consequently to this technology sector in Brazil.
Observatories have an important role in monitoring and supporting decisions at public and private level, showing the status and trends of the sustainability development reality. The OBSERVE project—Observatory of Sustainability of the Algarve Region for Tourism , under development by the University of Algarve, intends to be an instrument for monitoring and evaluating the sustainability levels of the region. Its main goal is to provide environmental, economic, sociocultural and institutional indicators to support the decision-making process, for a sustainablegrowth of the Algarve region. This two-year project seeks the widest possible participation from central and local administration, universities and research centres, as well as, enterprises, associations, tourists and citizens, aiming to be an added value for the stakeholders.
Abstract: In a world governed by the freedom of movement, production factors – capital, labour and consumption – can “run” from on territory to another bringing along positive and negative effects, just as well. Labour, the second in line of “run away” production factors, has a great impact upon a state economy generating sustainablegrowth or increasing budgetary revenues This paper presents for a period of 7 years, for both European (UE- 28) and international (OECD) level, the migration flow under the labour taxation impact (it is well known that more than 75% of the migration flow is work force related). The authors found that even if both areas are attracting labour force the reasons for doing that are completely different – while for the OECD member states and non-EU member states there will always be the “occident fascination” in the Europeans are “voting with their feet”.
Th e second component was named “Global and Emergent Economies Sustainable Supply Chain” and has four sample articles. From a theoretical point of view, it is very similar to the fi rst component of classic Sustainable Supply Chain frameworks, but its entire context is global or immersed in emerging economies. Ehrgott, Reimann, Kaufmann and Carter () analyze how pressures act as antecedents in developing suppliers’ environmental capacities in emerging economies from stakeholder theory and the bene- fi ts that companies derive from this eff ort. It is a comparative study between the United States and Germany, with purchasing managers employing Structural Equation Modeling. Chacón Vargas, Mantilla and Eduardo () study orga- nizational background and implementation of Sustainable Supply Chain Management practices employing a qualitative approach (Creswell / Yin), with a case study of companies from diff erent sectors in Colombia. Th e analysis and data collec- tion are based on semi-structured interviews of executives, in which content analysis was applied. Ortas, Moneva and Álvarez () investigate the relationship between a sustainable supply chain and companies’ fi nancial performance through the Granger Causality Test (an econometric technique). Th e sample is substantial with , companies and the eight-year data collection period (- ). Wu, Liao, Tseng and Chiu () propose a sustainable supply chain management evalua- tion model using Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM). It is a case study with four experts at a Taiwanese semiconductor company.
Thus, it can be perceived that from individual and collective consciousness of the team, the prac- tice of sustainable orthodontics, protecting the en- vironment, is possible; saving money as well as the environment, helping in recovering the planet by reducing the environmental impacts generated by its practice, here including the care taken with the use of natural resources.
There are many initiatives on sustainable local-level in- dicators (HENDRICKSON, 2010; COX et al., 2010; MAES et al., 2011; ZHANG et al., 2011; KUSAKABE, 2013; MARTIRE et al., 2015; LUPOLI & MORSE, 2015; CARLS- SON et al., 2017; GINÉ-GARRIGA et al., 2016; PATEL et al., 2017; GALLI et al., 2018), but it is observed that few studies effectively address the interaction between local and regional situations, which could be the basis for an analysis of existing inequalities in the region. To select indicators that are closer to the local reali- ty, Mascarenhas et al. (2010) propose a method that allows local sustainability managers to identify local strengths and weaknesses, evaluate ideas and poten- tial actions. More important than assessing the condi- tions of the municipality is to identify the asymmetries between the neighboring municipalities of the same region with the objective of fomenting new ideas for jointly managing resources shared by all.
The conference program is designed for local and regional governments to share their experience, solutions and achievements in addressing water issues. Focusing on the implementation of the Istanbul Water Consensus (IWC), the conference will explore how the IWC action plans and tools can be utilized more effectively. It will also highlight the importance of sustainable water management led by local governments in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well as multi-level water governance and financing for better water and
foundation for knowledge that has made innovation and application possibly resulting in benefits for the society at large (Marginson, 2009). It is also true that all research does not lead to immediate gains and in reality some of it does not lead to any measurable outcome but it is the inquisitive spirit of mankind that expresses itself through research. This gives rise to some interesting questions such as what it takes to produce high quality research, how various stakeholders interact with each other and what could be the possible measures to increase research productivity. In this paper we aim to answer these questions by bringing in a new perspective of University Research Ecosystem (URE) which is analogous to natural ecosystem involving all the potential stakeholders. Paper also advances the body of literature by proposing means to build a sustainable research ecosystem.
According to researchers from the Centre for Economic Policy Research, environmental degradation requires major investments in its protection to ensure sustainable development. Although the environmental costs are rising (largely due to continued growth of the world population), however these costs are relatively small compared to global income. The key issue is the desire of governments to work together in order to overcome the problems of private economic behavior. When we are dealing with environmental threats, international agreements are necessary, but they are often elusive. The fact that OECD countries will be able to reduce their pollution will not necessarily lead to reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. Statistics show that by 2050, China alone will generate more carbon dioxide emissions than all OECD countries together.
Ater 25 years of the Earth Summit, much remains to be done. Scieniic studies on social responsibility and sustainable deve- lopment are fundamental, as well as themes such as social inclusion, diversity, social jusice, sustainable innovaion, ight against poverty and human rights – all of them relevant in the ield of Administraion. Speciically in this ield, criical studies are essenial to analyze the contradicions present in public and business policies, comparing what is announced and what is actually achieved.
A number of studies show that entrepreneurship plays a key role in the development of a region (AUDRETSCH, 2003; KURATKO; MORRIS; SCHINDEHUTTE, 2015; MÜLLER, 2016), both for their potential to create new employment and raise per capita income, as well as for the dissemination of an entrepreneurial culture (SZERB; ÁCS; KOMLÓSI; ORTEGA-ARGILÉS, 2015). Thus, the spatial concentration of a relatively high number of entrepreneurs, development and research institutions (public or private) would enable higher rates of entrepreneurship and regional development (MORRIS; NEUMEYER; KURATKO, 2015). In this context, the creation of a new type of local productive arrangement – democratic, by encouraging all types of new companies, not only technology-based firms seeking aggressive growth; and dynamic, as it is a system permanently open to new entrants – has been gaining greater prominence among practitioners and researchers: the entrepreneurial ecosystem (STAM, 2015; MALECKI, 2018).
Ao explorar uma das áreas da engenharia de produção, a engenharia de sustentabilidade, realizou-se um estudo bibliométrico sobre sustainable management, através da análise de 63008 documentos indexados à base Web of Science, entre os anos de 1980 e 2018, concentrando-se expressivamente no formato de artigos científicos, como pode ser observado. Os resultados apontados demonstram uma evolução em volume mundial de publicações sobre o tema sustainable management, especialmente nos últimos anos três anos pesquisados.
to achieve effective governance of water resources and services, decision-makers and service providers need to take responsibility for their decisions and the quality of service. accountability mechanisms can help to clarify the commitments of actors involved in water governance and lead to efficient management of fiscal resources. they can also help protect water resources and increase control over the actions of public and private stakeholders, while ensuring adequate quality standards. according to a World bank study, unethical practices drain 30% of the budgets within the WasH sector in sub-saharan africa (Plummer and Cross, 2006). to be able to attract much of the funding required for sustainable infrastructure development and functional institutions, it will be increasingly important to institute anti-corruption measures across water and related economic sectors. improving accountability will require all decision-makers in government, the private sector and civil society to recognize that being open and transparent, engaging stakeholders, evaluating and learning, and responding to complaints is crucial to their legitimacy and effectiveness and to achieve long-lasting benefits to the poor through sustainable water and sanitation interventions.
For Brasil (2000) the Private Natural Heritage Reserve is cons tuted from the characteris c of the owner in conserving the biodiversity in their property or part of it. The crea on of the conserva on unit in this case comes from the owner’s desire to preserve the environmental characteris cs of the space. The Fauna Reserve, which is a gap in conserva on units, is created by the government’s decision to invest in technical-scien fi c studies that allow the sustainable management of wildlife resources. From the maintenance of na ve species of resident or migratory animals. In the la er case, there is a need for greater interest by public managers in the conserva on of Brazilian fauna, so that there may be resources to invest in future research in the country.
If we analyze the situation in terms of poverty rate in the two sub- models we see that the Nordic countries registered a percentage of about 13%, the highest rate in Finland 13.18% in 2009, ranking among the first countries in the European Union's growth. Instead Eastern Europe countries register a rather high encounter rate in terms of poverty rate, the highest rate recorded in 2009 a Romania of 22%, respectively. The explanation for this major being difference would be quite simple: the economic stability of the Nordic countries, favorable policies for the population and the state, combined with active labor market policies of national security measures.
by a combination of forces: market, demographic, social, and government policy. Infrastructure planning based on demand- capacity management may accept the amount of projected growth as a given, focusing less on the actual quantity, but instead managing the location, density, and timing of projected growth.