Top PDF A Survey on Infertility in Royan Institute

A Survey on Infertility in Royan Institute

A Survey on Infertility in Royan Institute

Results: In this study, the frequency of primary and secondary infertility was 90.1% and 9.9%, respectively. Among 2492 couples, 50.5% had male factor, 28.6% had female factor, 11.6% had both male and female factors and in 9.3% of couples, the cause of infertility was unknown .Results showed that 32.3% of men had normal spermogram, 23.6% of couples had azoospermia, and 40.3% had sperm disturbance including oligospermia, asthenospermia, oligoasthenospermia and teratospermia .3.8% were not able to collect sample for semen analysis. Among women, different infertility factors included: ovarian factor (20.36%), tubal factor (12.64%), uterine factor (4.13%), endometriosis (1.28%) and recurrent abortion (0.68%). 50.48% of women were normal.
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Opening the gates: an archival perspective

Opening the gates: an archival perspective

provide in terms of public activities; one institute in my survey—Cinemateca Portuguesa-Museu do Cinema—explicitly mentioned the distribution of in-house produced information sheets before film shows. But I think it is safe to state that the various media in which these activities are publicized overlap rather than differ. For one thing, the sheer volume of activities would seem to preclude a costly and time-consuming, multi-pronged publicity approach (and if a particular activity called for addressing specific target groups, direct mailing would be the preferable method). For another, insofar as institutes publish printed program bulletins (which are, moreover, also available in PDF on their sites) there are no major differences to be detected. In fact, the printed program overview of one institute—Cinémathèque québécoise—contains less information than its digital counterpart. Finally, these days it seems safe to assume that the institutes’ potential visitors are expected to inform themselves of their activities through the internet, an expectation confirmed, and a trend reinforced, by the possibility of online ticket reservation and purchase. The institutes included in the survey were: Australian Cinematheque, Brisbane; Bophana Centre de Ressources audiovisuelles, Phnom Penh; British Film Institute-National Film & Television Archive, London; Centre cinématographique marocain, Rabat; Cinemateca Boliviana, La Paz; Cinemateca Dominicana, Santo Domingo; Cinemateca Portuguesa-Museu do Cinema, Lisbon; Cinemateca Uruguaya, Montevideo; Cinematek, Brussels; Cinémathèque de la Ville de Luxembourg; Cinémathèque québécoise, Montreal; Cinémathèque suisse, Lausanne; Deutsches Filminstitut Filmmuseum, Frankfurt; Filmoteca de Catalunya, Barcelona; Fondazione Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia-Cineteca Nazionale, Rome; Hong Kong Film Archive; Irish Film Institute, Dublin; Jerusalem Cinematheque-Israel Film Archive; National Film Center at the National Museum for Modern Art, Tokyo; Ng ā Taonga Sound & Vision, Wellington/Auckland/Christchurch; Österreichisches Filmmuseum, Vienna; UCLA Film & Television Archive, Los Angeles.
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Survey: Study on Authentication used in Internet Cryptography

Survey: Study on Authentication used in Internet Cryptography

Secure Shell: Secure Shell (SSH) is a protocol for providing secure remote login and other secure network services over an insecure network. With SSH (version 2) each host has a host key, during the connection establishment the client can verify he is talking to the right server. The server keys can be stored locally on the clients or they may be distributed by using a key distribution protocol. [Ylonen, T., Kivinen, T.,, Saarinen, M., Rinne, T., Lehtinen, S., "SSH Protocol Architecture"] After a reliable byte stream is established between the client and the server, host authentication takes place using the transport layer functions. Both ends send version identification. The key exchange begins with both the client and server sending a key exchange initialization packet. The initialization packet contains a list of algorithms for key exchange, keys, encryption, MAC, and the level of compression supported. The server and client may negotiate a different set of algorithms for each direction of data flow. For each category, the best algorithm is chosen that both the client and server support. Kerberos Kerberos authentication was developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). There are two main components: a ticket, which is used for user authentication and securing data, and an authenticator that is used to verify that the user is the same user to whom the ticket was initially granted. When a user logs into a system, the system connects to the Kerberos server where it retrieves a session key to be used between the user and the ticket granting service (TGS). This is encrypted with a key based on the user's password. If the user provides the right password the end system is able to decrypt the session key. After this is done, the user password is erased from memory to avoid being compromise. The ticket (Ticket granting ticket: TGT) expires after a set amount of time. When a user wants to connect to a service to which he does not already have a ticket, the user connects to the TGS and gets a ticket that can only be used to access the particular service the ticket was granted for. The user can now connect through an encrypted channel to the server. After the ticket expires, the user must request a new one from the TGS. The major issue with Kerberos is its scalability. The Kerberos server must store secret keys for each of the users and each of the TGSs. Kerberos can get very complex in enterprise implementations where trust relationship need to be in place between multiple organizations.
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European survey on national training activities in clinical research

European survey on national training activities in clinical research

In four countries, an overarching national strategy is in place or foreseen for training: Germany (GCP training for investigators and study personnel according to the curriculum of the Federal Association of Physicians and ethics committees), Hungary (Committee on Clinical Pharmacology and Medical ethics of the Medical Re- search School), Ireland (Health Research Board strategy for development of the national network and funding of HRB-CRCI and HRB Trials Methodology Research Net- work (TMRN)) and Switzerland (Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) 2016 –20,121 roadmap for building up the future generation of clinical researchers encompasses a total of five work packages, the SCTO contributes to the implementation [39]). In Hungary, the training mate- rials (curriculum, admission and exclusion criteria) resulting from the HRDOP project will be presented to the Medical Research Council (ETT) and the National Institute of Pharmacy and Nutrition (OGYÉI) as well. No national strategy has been specified for France, Italy, Norway, Portugal and Slovakia. In Czech Republic, a national strategy is prepared within the Working Com- mittee for Clinical Trials at the Ministry of Health and for Spain no information is available.
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The Survey on 20th Century Architecture in Portugal (IAP20)

The Survey on 20th Century Architecture in Portugal (IAP20)

Not being hist ory, as repeat edly st at ed, I AP20 does not debat e on t he t radit ion- m odernit y bindings wit hin t his archit ect ural landscape, but t hat does not m ean t he fundam ent al dialogue is absent . Look ing int o t he buildings chosen t o celebrat e t he end of I AP20 in Bolet im Arquit ect os, n.159, for inst ance, t he space- t ype represent at iveness does not m at ch a t im e- aest het ics represent at iveness. Em phasis is put on archit ect ures which t he dat abase describes as expressive of t he Modern Movem ent pr inciples but deeply root ed in place and plast ically eloquent of vernacular and erudit e art . I t s aut horships include t he " discovered" archit ect s, but not t he st ar- syst em , im plicit ly suggest ing t he t radit ion- m odernit y dialogue t o be a cross- cut t ing way of doing archit ect ure in Port ugal. Quit e different ly, however, t he buildings chosen t o publicise I AP20 in nat ionally spread out doors included t he Port uguese House, Art Deco, Modernist and Modern archit ect ures, and even cont em poraneit y. Most ly signed by well known archit ect s, including t he Prit zker Siza and t he Brazilian Niem eyer, t hese buildings ar e closer t o t he ort hodox hist ory of Port uguese archit ect ure, perhaps because aim ing at a wider social resonance. Archit ect ure's landscape of m em ory t hus seem s t o depend not only on w ho produces it , but also on whom it is being produced for. I t is in t his ent anglem ent t hat her it age can be exam ined as a social and int ellect ual const ruct .
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Survey on Digital Watermarking on Medical Images

Survey on Digital Watermarking on Medical Images

In the paper [12], a robust approach for transmission of medical images with concealed patient information as watermark is implemented. In this work, they have employed spatial domain digital watermarking technique where the patient information is embedded as watermark into the lower order bits of the medical image pixels. The watermark, which is the text data, is encrypted in order to prevent unauthorized access of data. In order to achieve the robustness of the embedded information, the encrypted watermark is coded by employing Reed Solomon (RS) codes and low density parity check codes (LDPC).They have evaluated extracted watermark accuracy three different regions of the image with no noise and also the bursty wireless channel is simulated by adding impulse noise to the embedded image. Furthermore, turbo channel coding has been proposed to correct the transmission errors over impulsive noisy wireless channels.
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Survey On Scheduling And Radio Resources Allocation In Lte

Survey On Scheduling And Radio Resources Allocation In Lte

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access OFDMA is the multiple access method used in the downlink direction. It combines Time Division Multiple Access TDMA and Frequency Division Multiple Access FDMA. It is derived from OFDM multiplexing, but it allows the multiple access of the radio resources shared among multiple users. The OFDMA technology divides the available bandwidth into many narrow-band subcarriers and allocates a group of subcarriers to a user based on: its requirements, current system load and system configuration, this process helps to fight the Inter Symbol Interference ISI problem or the channel frequency- selective, as well as, it allows for the same bandwidth a higher spectral efficiency (number of bits transmitted per Hertz) and it has the ability to maintain high throughput even in unfavorable environments with echoes and multipath radio waves.
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Patient satisfaction survey based on SERVQUAL scale in China

Patient satisfaction survey based on SERVQUAL scale in China

The objects of study are 150 patients in orthopedics department of a tertiary hospital in Shanghai of China from January 20, 2017 to May 20, 2017. We distributed questionnaires to 150 patients, and collected 130 questionnaires which invalid questionnaires are 29. The recovery rate is 86.7% and the effective recovery rate is 67.3%. At the same time as a result of patients of every department pay the different level attention to five aspects of SERVQUAL, so we consulted the 30 patients in orthopedic department through the oral explanation to tell them the total value is 100 points, according to their own opinions, they draw the score to the five aspects in the scale. Because some parts the gap between expectation and perception is big, but patients maybe think this aspect is not important for them. That’s why we need to find out which aspects patients emphasize on. And we concluded the average weight for five aspects by patients rating.
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Rev. Saúde Pública  vol.47 número2

Rev. Saúde Pública vol.47 número2

The auditory behavior in children aged between zero months and three years and 11 months was evaluated. The test was performed with the examiner positioned behind the child, at a distance of approximately 50 cm from the child sitting on the lap of his/her mother or responsible adult. An observer stood in front of the child to describe all his/her behaviors. Ling sounds (/a/, /i/, /u/, /s/, / ∫/, /m/) were presented during the evaluation in normal speech intensity (between 60 and 70 dBSPL). Musical instruments such as the agogô (a sound with spectrum from 500 Hz to 20000 Hz, presenting two areas of greater intensity between 600 and 800 Hz, and between 3000 and 8000 Hz, where it reaches 85 (dBSPL) and the rattle were used. The evaluators observed the child’s behavioral reaction (attention, detection, search, and localization) to the sounds presented, as well as the presence or absence of cochlear-palpebral refl ex.
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X rbepid 17 s1 00046

X rbepid 17 s1 00046

After the adjustment for all of the model’s variables, some protective factors remained associated with current smoking, such as being younger, that is, aged ≤ 13 years old (OR = 0.47; 95%CI 0.31 – 0.71), 13 years old (OR = 0.39; 95%CI 0.36 – 0.43), 14 years old (OR = 0.50; 95%CI 0.47 – 0.54) or 15 years old (OR= 0.80; 95%CI 0.74 – 0.87), besides the color/mulatto race (OR = 0.86; 95%CI 0.80 – 0.91). Students attending public school presented higher chances of smoking (OR = 1.23; 95%CI 1.12 – 1.35), as well as those who missed classes without parental permission (OR = 2.69; 95%CI 2.54 – 2.85). In the family context, there were other protective factors: living with father and/or mother (OR = 0.83; 95%CI 0.75 – 0.92); having meals with parents twice a week (OR = 0.82; 95%CI 0.75 – 0.90), 3 to 4 times (OR = 0.78; 95%CI 0.68 – 0.90) or 5 times (OR = 0.67; 95%CI 0.62 – 0.72); and parents knowing about their whereabouts during free time (OR = 0.49; 95%CI 0.46 – 0.52). With regard to mental health variables, the lonely feeling was associated with the higher chances of smoking (OR = 1.27; 95%CI 1.19 – 1.37), as well as having insomnia (OR = 1.77; 95%CI 1.63 – 1.91) and not having close friends (OR = 1.25; 95%CI 1.10 – 1.42) (Table 1).
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Certificarea în silvicultură văzută în lumina a două aniversări

Certificarea în silvicultură văzută în lumina a două aniversări

Spre deosebire de Germania, oficia- litãþile elveþiene nu fac nici o deosebire între cele trei sisteme, bilanþul fiind acela cã la finele anului 2003 un sfert din pãdurile þãrii erau cer[r]

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Infertility of the breeding bull in insemination technology

Infertility of the breeding bull in insemination technology

1. Bisping J. et al.: Das vorkommen der Campylobacteriosis genitalis bei Rindern in Norddeutschland an Hand von serologisch en Untersuchungen, 1981. - 2. Blom E.: Some experience in Connection with the Sanitary Laboratory Control of Semen Sam- ples from A.I. Bulls. Denish-Polish Conference, Powlowce, Poland, 1973. - 3. Bongso A., Basrur P.: Chromosome anomaliesin Canadian Guernsey bulls Cornell. Vet. 66, 476, 1976. - 4. Dedie K. et al.: Zurvebreiung, Ermittling und Beampfung der venerischen Campylobac- teriose beim Rind in ... Teararztl. Umsch. 37, 80-96, 1982. - 5. Fechheimer N. S.: A cytogenic survey of young bulls in the USA Vet.Rec. 93, 535, 1973. - 6. Galloway D.: Testicular hy- poplasia andautosomal secondary constriction in bulls. 8 th Inter. Congr. Reprod. and AI. IV,
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Safety culture and communication about surgical errors from the perspective of the health team

Safety culture and communication about surgical errors from the perspective of the health team

The identification of fragilities in the work process, re- garding errors in communication, can offer subsidies for the development of actions of enhancement in the investi- gated units, in order to strengthen the safety culture of the professionals who deal with surgical patients. A literature review identified communication as a key competence for safety in the health services, environment in which the pro- fessionals must be able to effectively communicate with the team and patients, so that there is reciprocal under- standing, support to the meaningful relations and involve- ment in decision-making about care, decreasing the possi- bilities of errors and AE (19) .
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A SURVEY ON FACIAL EXPRESSION DATABASES

A SURVEY ON FACIAL EXPRESSION DATABASES

Panasonic WV3230 cameras, each connected to a Panasonic S-VHS AG-7500 video recorder with a Horita synchronized time-code generator. One of the cameras was located directly in front of the subject, and the other was positioned 30 degrees to the right of the subject [Kanade et al. (2000)]. Only image data from the frontal camera are available at this time. Subjects were instructed by an experimenter to perform a series of 23 facial displays that included single action units (e.g., AU 12, or lip corners pulled obliquely) and combinations of action units (e.g., AU 1+2, or inner and outer brows raised). Subjects began and ended each display from a neutral face, but the image sequences provided contains from neutral to expression (see figure 4). Before performing each display, an experimenter described and modelled the desired display. Six of the displays were based on descriptions of prototypic basic emotions (i.e., joy, surprise, anger, fear, disgust, and sadness).
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Effect of Pertubation on Pregnancy Rates before Intrauterine Insemination Treatment in Patients with Unexplained Infertility

Effect of Pertubation on Pregnancy Rates before Intrauterine Insemination Treatment in Patients with Unexplained Infertility

control and study groups, however only 79 eligible participants gave writen consent and accepted the pertubation procedure. The other 101 participants re- ceived the planned treatment protocol only (control group). We excluded one patient from the study group due to cycle cancellation. The study group eligibility criteria included: age of 18-44 years; presence of reg- ular menstrual cycles and ovulation; absence of tubal occlusion on HSG; sperm concentration >15 million spermatoza/ml and total sperm number >39 million/ ml according to WHO criteria (4). Exclusion criteria were the presence of endocrinologic disease; use of nonsteroidal anti-inlammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids; clinical indings suggestive of pelvic inlamatory disease; and the presence of undiagnosed uterine bleeding.
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Assessing the hospital survey of patient safety culture. A review of the assumptions, methods and data analysis protocol

Assessing the hospital survey of patient safety culture. A review of the assumptions, methods and data analysis protocol

In the study entitled “Development of the German version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: Dimensionality and psychometric proper- ties” developed by (Pfeiffer & Manser 2010), was found that the global fit was not satisfactory. Three criteria indicated an adequate fit with the RMSEA=0.047, while GFI was 0.878, NFI was 0.859 and TLI was 0.901. These values showed that the fit is not sufficiently accurate to confirm the proposed factor structure. In the exploratory factor analysis, eight underlying factors explained 59.8% of the items variation. Overall, the scales showed satis- factory to good internal consistency. The Cronbach’s α ranged between 0.64 in the dimension “Communication openness” and 0.83 in the dimen- sion “Hospital management support for patient safety”. This research was done with a sample of 3005 returned surveys, from which 2989 were valid, applied to the employees of a large University Hos- pital. This survey was developed to German speak- ing countries and the name was changed to PaSKI. About the participants on this research, 36.8% were registered nurses, 15% were managers and adminis- trators, 13.7% were physicians, 11.5% were medical and technical staff, 6.5% were nurse-assistants and the remaining were others. Response rate was 47%. In the study entitled “The psychometric properties of the 'Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture' in Dutch hospitals” developed by Smits et al. (2008), was found that the internal consistency measured by the Cronbach’s α ranged between 0.49 in the di- mension “Staffing” and 0.84 in the dimension “Fre- quency of event reporting”. Other dimensions that scored unacceptable reliability coefficients were “Organizational learning – continuous improve- ment” (α=0.57) and “Teamwork across hospital units” (α=0.59). The highest inter-dimension corre-
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<it>ADDME – Avoiding Drug Development Mistakes Early</it>: central nervous system drug discovery perspective

<it>ADDME – Avoiding Drug Development Mistakes Early</it>: central nervous system drug discovery perspective

This session will focus on the fundamentals of drug discovery chemistry and how this is driven by later-stage considerations of pharmacokinetics, pathophysiology and production. Introductory lectures will address what physical and biological features make a chemical scaffold or small molecule “drug-like”, and the potential impact of considering such properties on selection of compound libraries for screening and the follow-up medicinal chemistry refinement. The lectures will also introduce key concepts of medicinal chemistry refinement, with emphasis on CNS drug discovery, used in taking a screening hit into a lead compound and, eventually, into selection of a candidate for drug development. These introductory lectures will be followed by three case studies representing different classes of single molecular CNS targets that will demonstrate the application of these principles to project design and management. At the end of this session, participants should have familiarity with key concepts that are used in small molecule com- pound selection, and understand the general processes involved in medicinal chemistry refinement in early stage CNS drug discovery.
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Estud. Econ.  vol.43 número1

Estud. Econ. vol.43 número1

Considering the relevance of the subject for the national politics and economy this article sets out to empirically assess how income transfers affect formal and informal labor supply for heads of fa- milies and these individuals´ job market entry choices. In order to achieve these goals, two econometric models will be used. The first one is the logit multinomial model; its dependent variable is the “unemployed, informally employed or formally employed” category. The impact of income transfers on decisions about entering the job market is thoroughly investigated in this model which also controls determiners such as individual and socio-economic characteristics and family makeup. The second model aims to produce an equation of working hours supply for the formal and informal sectors of the Brazilian economy. It is an investigation on how government income transfers affect the working hours supply. Applied for this very pur- pose, a variation of the Durbin and McFadden (1984) method for the correction of selection bias based on multinomial logit models and also mentioned on Bourguignon et al. (2004). The database is extracted from the National Household Sampling Research (origi- nally PNAD) of the year 2006 which includes heads of families. As follows, besides this introduction, this article is segmented like this: the second section thoroughly describes the main federal in- come transfer programs in Brazil. Ensued by a brief outlook on the existing literature on impacts and collateral effects of these income transfer policies. In the third section, there is an introduction of the econometric model for the correction of the selection bias based on multinomial logit models. The fourth section deals with the asses- sment methodology that was applied, and also the definition and the construction of variables. Subsequently, in the fifth section, the results of the assessed models are analyzed. Finally, the last section exhibits the conclusions resulting from the article.
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A survey on impact of emotional intelligence, organizational citizenship behaviors and job satisfaction on employees’ performance in Iranian hotel industry

A survey on impact of emotional intelligence, organizational citizenship behaviors and job satisfaction on employees’ performance in Iranian hotel industry

According to Druskat and Wolff (2001), the emotional quotient is as important as the intelligence quotient; indeed, the EI of individuals who carry out duties and play essential roles in ensuring organizational outcomes is quite significant. Therefore, successful organizations require employees who can communicate effectively, control their emotions, and demonstrate their technical abilities (Jung & Yoon, 2011). Furthermore, in service-oriented businesses such as hotels and banking employees are service providers in direct face-to face contact with customers; thus, any EI, which plays important roles in controlling emotions; is more influential. However, studies of hotel employees in association with the effectiveness of EI are very rare. Consequently, for employees to keep emotionally and healthy conditions in service encounters in hotels and continuously create positive outcomes, their ability to control their emotions should be prioritized. Indeed, EI is thus required of employees who must perceive and control their own emotions as well as those of customers in the course of performing their emotional labor. Hence, it is argued that the success or failure of a service encounter is largely determined by the frontline employee EI in service industry especially in hotels.
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A Survey on Home Energy Management

A Survey on Home Energy Management

grids, not only by supporting optimised management to grid resources and infrastructures, but also by contributing to energy efficiency. Buildings are responsible for around 40% of worldwide energy consumption [3], which is expected to significantly increase over the next few years [4]. As such, efficiency improvements, implemented at global scale, can mitigate this trend, reducing energy consumption, wastage, costs and environmental hazards associated with generation. In the last few years, there has been a growing interest in home energy management systems (HEMSs). They provide the means for automated and intelligent control of smart home appliances. HEMSs target efficient energy manage- ment, contributing to preserving finite fossil fuel resources, while lowering energy consumption, wastage and costs. The conceptualisation of HEMSs involves several aspects, including their definition, characterisation and overall archi- tecture, as well as their underlying purpose in household environments. Optimisation-based techniques are extensively employed within HEMSs. They enable appliance alloca- tion under dynamic objectives and constraints. In [5] this trend is highlighted, calling for further research to address HEMSs specific needs, in particular concerning scalability, model complexity and uncertainties. Intrinsically linked to the characterisation of HEMSs are: (i) their in-operation goals, including minimising the overall energy bill, reducing carbon emissions, or achieving a given target load profile, just to name a few; (ii) the strategies employed to achieve such goals, in particular how to schedule individual appli- ances or deciding upon which unnecessary loads should be turned off; (iii) managing household appliances; (iv) how they are individually modelled.
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