Top PDF Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the association between different sedentary be- haviors and high blood pressure in adolescent boys and girls. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 6,264 Brazilian adolescents (14 to 19 years old). Demographic data, obesity indicators and blood pressure, were evaluated. Time spent in the sedentary behaviors (television viewing, play- ing video games, using the computer, non-screen sitting and, total time sitting) were also assessed. The girls spent more time watching television than boys, whereas boys spent more time using computers and video games (12.7% vs. 7.4%, p < 0.001) than girls. Boys who watched more than four hours of television presented higher odds to give high blood pressure after adjustments for physical activity level, body mass index, age and educational level of mother (OR = 2.27, p < 0.001). In girls, we did not find a relation between sedentary behaviors and high blood pressure (p > 0.05). Television viewing time is associated with high blood pressure only boys. So, reduce this sed- entary behavior, stimulating physical activities, might be essential to health, principally for male adolescents.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Esses métodos são robustos às populações não estáveis. Contudo, quando as populações são abertas à migração, alguns cuidados devem ser tomados. Os fatores de correção, derivados dos graus de cobertura utilizados neste trabalho, seguem a recomendação para minimizar o efei- to da migração, que consiste em adotar a média das estimativas geradas pelos métodos anteriores, bem como desconsiderar as idades mais afetadas pela migração 16 .

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Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

single item the crimes of rape and indecent as- sault, we decided to analyze the two concepts separately and jointly, since the record kept the categorization unchanged until 2015. The afore- mentioned legislation defined Indecent Assault as “to constrain people through violence or se- rious threat to practice or allow to practice with them a libidinous act other than the carnal con- junction”, whereas rape is defined as “constrain- ing women toward carnal conjunction through violence or serious threat”.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

assesses the global, objective and subjective bur- den, based on independent scores. Elements of the individual’s family life are assessed separate- ly, enabling the assessor to identify the areas of greatest and least burden sustained by the family member in their role as caregiver. The level of burden is thus evaluated across five elements of the caregiver’s life: A) care in the patient’s daily life; B) supervision of the patient’s problematic behaviors; C) financial onus borne by the fami- ly member due to the patient; D) impact on the family’s daily routine; and E) family member’s concerns with the patient. The questions for each one of the elements relates to the 30 days prior to the application of the scale. Objective burden is analyzed in relation to the frequency of care provided to the patient and includes subscales A, B and D. Subjective burden evaluated the level of inconvenience felt by the family member and re- lates to subscales A, B and E.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Health staff working directly with healthcare were found to be significantly less benevolently sexist that those who worked in administration and general services. This may be associated to the greater level of schooling of this first group or be due to the fact that they receive more train- ing, or have greater contact with users which may lead them to have more humanist motives. But in spite of the statistical difference, they all scored highly, being greater than 60% of the maximum possible. The first contact that a user generally has when she or he arrives at a primary health- care service is with reception staff, although this function may be the responsibility of peo- ple from the administrative area. In both cases, the demand of the service user may potentially give rise to prejudice and the receptionist’s atti- tude may be sexist, which is against the rights of health, of humanized care and of respect.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese- arch the existence of sexism against women among primary healthcare (PHC) workers and to identify associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study in which 163 PHC professionals of both sexes par- ticipated, all of whom were aged over 18 and had completed their primary or secondary education. The Gender Stereotyping and Ambivalent Sexism Inventory questionnaires were used. The average scores were more than 50% of the maximum score: Gender Stereotyping – 53.8%, hostile sexism – 58.2%, benevolent sexism – 64.1%. The average scores stratified by sociodemographic variables were higher. Significant differences in the hostile sexism score were found for sex (men scored higher than women), religion (higher scores for evangelical Christians) and among those who drank alcohol. For benevolent sexism, differences were found for schooling (greater scores for those who had only completed their primary education), religion (hi- gher scores for evangelical Christians and Catho- lics) and area of work (greater for those working in general services). The stratification of the Gender Stereotyping scores did not point to significant diffe- rences. Sexist prejudice was found to exist for hostile sexism, benevolent sexism and gender stereotyping. This finding could have a negative influence on the service-user relationship, leading to greater inequi- ties in health as a result of gender inequality. Key words Women’s health, Sexism, Health ine- quality, Healthcare staff, Health services
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Abstract The scope of this study was to describe

Abstract The scope of this study was to describe

Abstract The scope of this study was to describe the prevalence of depressive symptoms measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale–EDG - 15 and test the association of oral health variables and depressive symptoms in a population of the elderly linked to eleven Family Health Units in the south of Brazil. It involved a cross-sectional study with 439 elderly individuals. A standardized question- naire was used to obtain socio-economic and oral health variables of the study. The clinical variables of oral health were obtained by a qualified den- tist. The symptoms of depression, which was the scope of the study, were obtained by the Geriatric Depression Scale–EDG -15. The prevalence of de- pressive symptoms was 18.3% (CI95% 14.6-21.8). Analyzing the exposure variables and depressive symptoms through adjusted Poisson regression analysis, individuals with 1 to 9 teeth (PR = 1.68; CI95% 1.06-2.64, p = 0.012), with a perception of dry mouth (PR = 2.23; CI95% 1.52-3.28, p < 0.001) and perception of pain in the mouth (PR = 2.11; CI95% 1.10-4.07, p = 0.036) have a high- er prevalence of depressive symptoms. The study identified a significant prevalence of depressive symptoms and that oral health variables are as- sociated with the presence of depressive symptoms in the elderly population.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to investi-

Abstract The scope of this study was to investi-

esperado (menor ou igual a 0,5), a exceção as dos itens i6-P, i8-N e i10-P. Este cenário infere sobre a unidimensionalidade do questionário. No entan- to, analisando-se os resultados da AFP, constran- gido a dois fatores com rotação obliqua Promax (Tabela 2), verificou-se distribuição dos itens, tanto no fator 1 quanto no fator 2, quando con- siderado cargas fatoriais acima de 0,40. No fator 1 alocaram-se os itens i4-P, i6-P, i7-N, i9-P, i10-P, i13-N, i15-P e, no fator 2, os itens i1-N, i3-N, i8-N, i14-N. As variâncias do erro não apresen- taram alteração. Estes resultados inferem sobre a bidimensionalidade do questionário, mostrando
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Abstract This study aims to analyze intimate

Abstract This study aims to analyze intimate

theoretical line of family sociologists who advo- cate for gender symmetry, we note that the qual- itative and quantitative approaches were used in similar proportions. Research subjects were well diversified: couples represented 35%, women 25%, men only and both genders 20% each, re- spectively. The places for selecting and collecting information from the participants were residence (30%), private practices (20%) and services for the care and protection of victims of violence (20%). The direction of violence was more evi- dent in the bidirectional category, totaling 80% of the studies (Table 3).
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Abstract The scope of this study was to charac-

Abstract The scope of this study was to charac-

Abstract The scope of this study was to charac- terize malocclusion in 12-year-old Brazilian chil- dren and identify associated socio-demographic aspects. It is a cross-sectional and analytical study based on an Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010). A sample of 5,539 was included, among which 41% had some degree of malocclusion according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Descrip- tive, bivariate and multiple multinomial logis- tic regression analyses were conducted. Defined malocclusion was greater among those who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatis- fied (OR 1.24; CI95%1.03-1.50) and dissatisfied (OR 1.76; CI95%1.50-2.08). Severe malocclusion was greater among children in the Southeast (OR 1.44; CI95%1.06-1.96) and South (OR 1.52; CI95%1.05-2.19), male (OR 1.24; CI95%1.03- 1.48), black/brown (OR 1.39; CI95%1.14-1.69) who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatisfied (OR 1.79; CI95%1.41-2.26) and dis- satisfied (OR 2.20; CI95%1.77-2.72). Very severe malocclusion was higher among residents of cap- itals (OR 1.36; CI95%1.07-1.71) who evaluated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatis- fied (OR 1.58; CI95%1.22-2.05) and dissatisfied (OR 2.44; CI95%1.96-3.03). The prevalence of malocclusion is high among Brazilian children, the severity being associated with socio-demo- graphic aspects.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to estab-

Abstract The scope of this study was to estab-

lish the profile of caregivers of pediatric patients diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). It was a cross-sectional, descriptive and prospective study in which the caregivers of fibrocystic patients were interviewed during pharmaceutical consultation in a reference center of a University Hospital in southern Brazil. General information was ob- tained about the caregivers and about their un- derstanding of the disease, drug consumption and dynamics of treatment at home and at school. Seventy-five caregivers were interviewed. Most of them were female, 37.3 years old on average, mothers of the patients who did not work outside the home. Seventy-one caregivers declared dif- ficulties in drug acquisition and patient support associations were highlighted as the main alter- native to avoid the interruption of treatment. Another fact observed was the overload of the caregiving process on the shoulders of only one caregiver resulting in social and economic impacts and changes to the family’s daily routine. This fact emphasizes the need of intervention by a qualified multidisciplinary team to identify and alleviate difficulties, investing in interpersonal relations and administering care.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

Abstract The scope of this study was to identify individual and contextual factors associated with the self-perceived need for dental treatment and for prostheses among elderly Brazilians. An anal- ysis was performed with data from the SB Bra- zil 2010 epidemiological survey conducted by the Ministry of Health with a sample of 7,619 elderly individuals. Multilevel logistic regression models of mixed random and fixed effects were used to the estimate odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence in- terval (95% CI) between the dependent variables and individual and contextual factors. Of the in- dividuals assessed, 3,848 (50.5%) reported a need for dental treatment and 4,236 (55.6%) believed they have the need for prostheses. The results of multilevel logistic regression showed that gender, self-reported skin color, income and coverage by the oral health teams in the Family Health Pro- gram were associated with self-perception. This study revealed a greater influence of individual factors on the self-perceived need for dental treat- ment and prostheses by elderly Brazilians. This information can help to identify the inequalities that affect this population group and in setting priorities for the planning of health services. Key words Elderly, Family health program, Den- tal health surveys, Oral Health, Multilevel analy- sis, Health inequalities
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Abstract This study aimed to analyze foster care

Abstract This study aimed to analyze foster care

The studied variables include sociodemo- graphic data of adolescents and their families, as well as factors related to the foster care process. Data on gender and age were analyzed among the sociodemographic characteristics. Concerning families, we observed whether the adolescent was deprived of family power. Other variables con- sidered were possible return to family, regardless of whether or not visits are received and regard- less of family attachment and affection, as this information was not well completed in the IAP. Regarding foster care process and experience, in- vestigated variables were agencies responsible for the referral; school attendance; psychotropic sub- stance use; having undergone socio-educational measures and receiving death threats; number of admission to foster care; and foster care time.
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Abstract – The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of water stress on N2

Abstract – The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of water stress on N2

Carioca shoots grew almost twice as much as those of EMGOPA-201. Watered plants at the sec- ond harvest (control) showed higher N accumula- tion and nitrogenase activity than those from the first harvest (control), suggesting that plants were fixing and accumulating nitrogen (Table 1). Carioca shoot dry weight decreased 16% after five days with- out water. After eight days, there was still a trend of lower values for shoot dry weight, but they did not differ statistically from the control. Shoot dry weight of EMGOPA-201 was not affected by stress.
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The aim of this study was to establish reference concentrations (LC 50

The aim of this study was to establish reference concentrations (LC 50

This species is usually found at damp and shaded places such as gardens and vegetable gardens (Aráujo and Bessa 1993). When it occurs at high densities, the control of this species becomes necessary in order to reduce the damages caused in crops. Besides, S. octona is a great experimental model for laboratory studies, due to some characteristics of its life cycle such as fast sexual maturity, short incubation period, high hatchability, high reproductive rates (Bessa and Araújo 1995a, b) and homogeneous growth (D’ávila and Bessa 2005a) making easy the analysis of substances with molluscicidal effect.
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Abstract This study aimed to analyze foster care

Abstract This study aimed to analyze foster care

Abstract This study aimed to analyze foster care time and characteristics of adolescents in the in- stitutional foster care services in the city of Recife. This is a descriptive study with a quantitative ap- proach. The study population consisted of all ad- olescents under foster care in the city of Recife-PE, in the period 2009-2013. The information was retrieved by consulting the Individual Assistance Plans (IAP), with 1,300 analyzed plans. Variables were categorized and described from absolute and relative frequency. Pearson’s chi-square test was used to verify the association between variables, with a significance level of 0.05. Three types of ser- vices were observed: for adolescents who are vic- tims of violence and neglect; at-risk with/without drug use; and with special needs. A predominance of older male adolescents, with lower school atten- dance, greater use of psychotropic substances, in- volved with socio-educational measures, suffering death threats and with a higher number of service entries-exits was observed. We can conclude that the different profiles of foster care services should be addressed and investigated in a particular way because they show different difficulties related to the establishment of efficient public policies. Key words Shelter, Adolescent, Institutionalized population
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A BSTRACT - The aim of this study was to describe the composition and

A BSTRACT - The aim of this study was to describe the composition and

environmental variables were most associated with the cladocerans’ dynamic. The differences in all biological and environmental variables between the littoral areas with and without macrophytes, and between the seasons (dry and rainy) were assessed using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test (U). The Pearson correlation matrix was used in order to highlight the possible relationships among environmental variables (water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, oxygen saturation, conductivity, total solids, turbidity and salinity, and their fluctuation index). The outliers were analyzed in this last case. On the other hand, the Spearman correlation test was also used in order to emphasize the possible relationships among biological (richness, density, fluctuation index for the major species, diversity and evenness) and the environmental variables. Variables that showed significant correlations (p < 0.05) were selected to explain the community structure of cladocerans. For statistical analyses, the statistical package Bioestat 5.3 was used.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to verify the

Abstract The scope of this study was to verify the

Abstract The scope of this study was to verify the validity and concordance of self-reported diabetes (DM) by the elderly in Campina Grande, State of Paraíba. It involved a cross-sectional home-based study, conducted with 362 elderly people aged 60 years of age and above registered in the Fami- ly Health Strategy (FHS) Program in Campina Grande, State of Paraíba. A sensitivity calculation, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) in relation to demographic and socioeconomic variables was carried out to verify the validity and reliability of self-reported DM. The Kappa test was used to verify the concordance between the diagnosis and the reporting of the disease. Among the study participants, 67.4% were women. The prevalence of diagnosed DM of 14.1% and self-reported DM of 18.1% was observed Moderate sensitivity (58.8%), excellent specificity (87.8%), moder- ate PPV (44.8%) and excellent NPV (92.7%), and moderate concordance of self-reported DM (Kappa = 0.413 p < 0.001) was observed. In this study, due to moderate validity and concordance of self-reported DM among the elderly, it is con- sidered not to be advisable that self-reported DM should be used as a disease prevalence indicator in the population studied.
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Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

11. Mari JJ, Williams P. A validity study of a psychiatric screening questionnaire (SRQ-20) in primary care in the city of São Paulo. Bras J Psychiatry 1986; 148:23-26. 12. Pereira RA, Santos EB, Fhon JRS, Marques S, Rodrigues RA. Sobrecarga dos cuidadores de idosos com acidente vascular cerebral. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47(1):185-192. Disponível em: 13. Loureiro LSN, Fernandes MGM, Marques S, Nóbrega MML, Rodrigues RAP. Sobrecarga de cuidadores fami- liares de idosos: prevalência e associação com carac- terísticas do idoso e do cuidador. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47 (5):1133- 1140. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/reeusp/ v47n5/pt_0080-6234-reeusp-47-05-1129.pdf
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Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate

Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate

Fick D, Mion L, Beers M, Waller JL. Health outcomes associated with potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults. Res Nurs Health 2008; 31(1):42-51. Chrischilles EA, Foley DJ, Wallace RB, Lemcke JH, Semla TP, Hanlon JT, Glynn RJ, Ostfeld AM, Guralnik JM. Use of medications by persons 65 and over: Data from the established populations for epidemiologic studies of the elderly. J Gerontol 1992; 47(5):137-144.

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