Top PDF Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the presence of suicidal ideation and depressive symp- toms among adolescents in Chiapas, Mexico based on predictor variables. A cross-sectional study adopting an ex post facto design was conducted with a non-probability sample of 4,759 students of both sexes with an average age of 18.4 years and using the following tools: the Center for Epidemi- ologic Studies Depression Scale, Roberts’ Suicidal Ideation Scale, the Impulsiveness Scale (IS), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The mean score obtained by the suicidal ideation scale was 0.2, which is lower than that reported by other studies, while the mean score for depressive symptoms was similar to those in the literature. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 7.8%, which is lower than reported in national and international studies. Multivariable logistic regression showed that im- pulsiveness (OR = 1.907) and depressive symp- toms (OR = 9.006) lead to a twofold and ninefold increase in the likelihood of suicidal ideation, re- spectively. The findings also showed a strong asso- ciation between suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms, showing that the latter is a predictor of suicidal ideation among adolescents.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the presence of suicidal ideation and depressive symp- toms among adolescents in Chiapas, Mexico based on predictor variables. A cross-sectional study adopting an ex post facto design was conducted with a non-probability sample of 4,759 students of both sexes with an average age of 18.4 years and using the following tools: the Center for Epidemi- ologic Studies Depression Scale, Roberts’ Suicidal Ideation Scale, the Impulsiveness Scale (IS), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The mean score obtained by the suicidal ideation scale was 0.2, which is lower than that reported by other studies, while the mean score for depressive symptoms was similar to those in the literature. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 7.8%, which is lower than reported in national and international studies. Multivariable logistic regression showed that im- pulsiveness (OR = 1.907) and depressive symp- toms (OR = 9.006) lead to a twofold and ninefold increase in the likelihood of suicidal ideation, re- spectively. The findings also showed a strong asso- ciation between suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms, showing that the latter is a predictor of suicidal ideation among adolescents.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of being underweight among the elder- ly according to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health-related behaviors, diseas- es and health status. This was a cross-sectional multi-center study with 3,478 community-dwell- ing elders (≥ 65 years). The dependent variable was the prevalence of being underweight, classified by Body Mass Index < 22kg/m2. Adjusted preva- lence rate ratios were estimated using multivari- able Poisson regression. The mean age was 72.9 years and 12.0% of the elderly were underweight (CI95%:10.9-13.1). Aged elderly ≥ 80 years, for- mer and current smokers, those who reported ap- petite loss and those classified as pre-frail or frail (PR=1.41; CI95%:1.09-1.82) presented a higher prevalence of being underweight. Individuals who received medical diagnosis of hypertension, diabe- tes and rheumatism had the lowest underweight prevalence observed. The results highlight the importance of nutritional status assessment and monitoring among the elderly, with emphasis on the most vulnerable subgroups, particularly the frail elderly, taking into account the health conse- quences of low weight.
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A BSTRACT - The aim of this study was to describe the composition and

A BSTRACT - The aim of this study was to describe the composition and

On the other hand, the representatives of the Chydoridae family virtually disappeared in the months of highest rainfall (> 30 mm), especially when considering the subfamily Chydorinae. A reduction in the number of taxa in the subfamily Aloninae was also recorded, with only the non-planktonic species Karualona muelleri and Oxyurella longicaudis being recorded. These months coincided with noticeable reductions in macrophyte banks, with prevalence only of aggregates of the algae Chara martiana Wallman. Whereas rainfall is scarce in semiarid regions, its sporadic occurrence in greater volume (> 30 mm) in the Caatinga could act on reducing the macrophyte banks, as already observed for other temporary ponds in the Caatinga (Pedro et al., 2006). According to these authors, the richness of aquatic macrophyte communities is lower in temporary ponds during flood events, and this fact could explain the reduction in Chydoridae species in the Mata da Pimenteira pond, a typically dominant family in terms of species richness in several Brazilian shallow ponds with predominance of macrophytes (Table 4). Moreover, taking into account the visual predominance of Chara martiana in Mata da Pimenteira pond, and considering that cladoceran composition varies with macrophyte size (Lauridsen et al., 1996), the slender folioles of this alga would not be sufficient to maintain Chydoridae populations during the periods when the pond is flooded.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

Abstract The scope of this study was to identify individual and contextual factors associated with the self-perceived need for dental treatment and for prostheses among elderly Brazilians. An anal- ysis was performed with data from the SB Bra- zil 2010 epidemiological survey conducted by the Ministry of Health with a sample of 7,619 elderly individuals. Multilevel logistic regression models of mixed random and fixed effects were used to the estimate odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence in- terval (95% CI) between the dependent variables and individual and contextual factors. Of the in- dividuals assessed, 3,848 (50.5%) reported a need for dental treatment and 4,236 (55.6%) believed they have the need for prostheses. The results of multilevel logistic regression showed that gender, self-reported skin color, income and coverage by the oral health teams in the Family Health Pro- gram were associated with self-perception. This study revealed a greater influence of individual factors on the self-perceived need for dental treat- ment and prostheses by elderly Brazilians. This information can help to identify the inequalities that affect this population group and in setting priorities for the planning of health services. Key words Elderly, Family health program, Den- tal health surveys, Oral Health, Multilevel analy- sis, Health inequalities
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Abstract The scope of this study was to estab-

Abstract The scope of this study was to estab-

lish the profile of caregivers of pediatric patients diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). It was a cross-sectional, descriptive and prospective study in which the caregivers of fibrocystic patients were interviewed during pharmaceutical consultation in a reference center of a University Hospital in southern Brazil. General information was ob- tained about the caregivers and about their un- derstanding of the disease, drug consumption and dynamics of treatment at home and at school. Seventy-five caregivers were interviewed. Most of them were female, 37.3 years old on average, mothers of the patients who did not work outside the home. Seventy-one caregivers declared dif- ficulties in drug acquisition and patient support associations were highlighted as the main alter- native to avoid the interruption of treatment. Another fact observed was the overload of the caregiving process on the shoulders of only one caregiver resulting in social and economic impacts and changes to the family’s daily routine. This fact emphasizes the need of intervention by a qualified multidisciplinary team to identify and alleviate difficulties, investing in interpersonal relations and administering care.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate

Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate

Abstract The scope of this study was to evaluate drug prescriptions for elderly patients in the geriat- ric outpatient ward of a hospital. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in a university hospital, with the application of a questionnaire. Patients aged ≥ 60 years were interviewed about their drug prescriptions and a total of 208 patients were interviewed. The average number of drugs used per person was 3.8 and the drugs most used were for the cardiovascular system (37%). 406 po- tential interactions were identified in 140 patients (67.3%), and duplicate therapy was found in two prescriptions. The potentially inappropriate drug most used for the elderly was nifedipine (2.4%). Data from this study support the relevance of the issue of drug use among the elderly, thus reinforcing the importance of the evaluation of the process of the prescription of drugs for this population. Key words Elderly individuals, Drug prescriptions, Drug evaluation
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Esses métodos são robustos às populações não estáveis. Contudo, quando as populações são abertas à migração, alguns cuidados devem ser tomados. Os fatores de correção, derivados dos graus de cobertura utilizados neste trabalho, seguem a recomendação para minimizar o efei- to da migração, que consiste em adotar a média das estimativas geradas pelos métodos anteriores, bem como desconsiderar as idades mais afetadas pela migração 16 .

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Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the health conditions and burden of formal and infor- mal caregivers of older adults. Cross-sectional and comparative study with a quantitative approach. The data were collected in 2014 in São Carlos/SP, using the Zarit Burden Interview and the SRQ 20 (Self Reported Questionnaire). Results: The sample included 15 formal and 35 informal care- givers. Among the formal caregivers, women were predominant (86.7%), with a mean age of 36.7, mean of 13.7 years of education, mean worklo- ad of 7.5 hours per day, 26.7% were diagnosed with emotional distress and they the majority mentioned feeling “a little overloaded” (40%). Concerning the informal caregivers, women were predominant (85.7%), 42.9% were the children of the older adult, with a mean age of 55.2 years, mean of 7.1 years of education, length of time as caregiver of 6.5 years, mean of 19.8 hours per day taking care of the older adult, 17 (48.6%) pre- sented mild overload and 16 (45.7%) presented emotional distress. Conclusions: The results re- vealed important differences and attention is nee- ded to planning interventions to improve health and work conditions of these people.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to charac-

Abstract The scope of this study was to charac-

Abstract The scope of this study was to charac- terize malocclusion in 12-year-old Brazilian chil- dren and identify associated socio-demographic aspects. It is a cross-sectional and analytical study based on an Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010). A sample of 5,539 was included, among which 41% had some degree of malocclusion according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Descrip- tive, bivariate and multiple multinomial logis- tic regression analyses were conducted. Defined malocclusion was greater among those who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatis- fied (OR 1.24; CI95%1.03-1.50) and dissatisfied (OR 1.76; CI95%1.50-2.08). Severe malocclusion was greater among children in the Southeast (OR 1.44; CI95%1.06-1.96) and South (OR 1.52; CI95%1.05-2.19), male (OR 1.24; CI95%1.03- 1.48), black/brown (OR 1.39; CI95%1.14-1.69) who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatisfied (OR 1.79; CI95%1.41-2.26) and dis- satisfied (OR 2.20; CI95%1.77-2.72). Very severe malocclusion was higher among residents of cap- itals (OR 1.36; CI95%1.07-1.71) who evaluated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatis- fied (OR 1.58; CI95%1.22-2.05) and dissatisfied (OR 2.44; CI95%1.96-3.03). The prevalence of malocclusion is high among Brazilian children, the severity being associated with socio-demo- graphic aspects.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

Abstract The scope of this study was to identify

The procedures indicated at the time of no- tification were listed, according to the need to perform prophylaxis for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B or Tetanus. The need to collect blood, semen, vaginal secretion and emergency contraception or legal abortion was described. The presence of abortion, pregnancy, STI, attempted suicide, mental or behavioral dis- order and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were investigated as to the consequences of the occurrence detected at the time of notification.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

assesses the global, objective and subjective bur- den, based on independent scores. Elements of the individual’s family life are assessed separate- ly, enabling the assessor to identify the areas of greatest and least burden sustained by the family member in their role as caregiver. The level of burden is thus evaluated across five elements of the caregiver’s life: A) care in the patient’s daily life; B) supervision of the patient’s problematic behaviors; C) financial onus borne by the fami- ly member due to the patient; D) impact on the family’s daily routine; and E) family member’s concerns with the patient. The questions for each one of the elements relates to the 30 days prior to the application of the scale. Objective burden is analyzed in relation to the frequency of care provided to the patient and includes subscales A, B and D. Subjective burden evaluated the level of inconvenience felt by the family member and re- lates to subscales A, B and E.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

The sample was mainly made up of women (89%), of whom 58.9% were aged over 35. The majority of workers had completed their second- ary or technical education (78.5%). 79.8% of re- spondents identified as white, while 70.6% were Catholic and 77.9% had a partner. More than half of the workers (54.0%) lived in a different neigh- borhood to the one in which the Health Unit was located; 52.1% lived with their spouses and 20.9% with their parents. The majority of pro- fessionals held positions in healthcare (69.9%), while the remainder worked in administration or in support services. All respondents had direct contact with service users. 94.5% of respondents earned up to a maximum of five times the min- imum salary, with 71.1% holding their current position for at least a year, with 97.5% carrying out their services in urban areas. A total of 38 health professionals were smokers (23.3%) and 43 (26.4%) consumed alcohol (Table 1).
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The aim of this study was to establish reference concentrations (LC 50

The aim of this study was to establish reference concentrations (LC 50

Studies have confirmed molluscicidal activity of methanolic and chloroformic extracts of 14 plant species of the family Asteraceae collected in Bolivia and Argentina on Biomphalaria glabrata (d’Orbigny 1835) (Planorbidae) (Bardon et al. 2007). Hmamouchiu et al. (2000) found molluscicidal activity in the species Artemisia herba- alba Asso (Asteraceae) on Bulinus truncatus (Audouin 1827) (Bulinidae) in Morocco, and reported the presence of saponins and flavonoids in this plant. These results demonstrate the importance of this plant family in the control of other snail species. The species Bidens pilosa Linné (Asteraceae) popularly known as hairy beggarticks, is a herbaceous plant with a short annual cycle (Lorenzi 2000) widely distributed in Brazilian territory, being used in folk medicine (Adegas et al. 2003) for antimicrobial (Rojas et al. 2006, Deba et al. 2008), hepatoprotective (Yuan et al. 2008), diabetes (Chien et al. 2009) and ulcer (Freise 1933) antitumoral (Kumari 2009, Kviecinski et al. 2008) and antioxidant (Krishnaiah et al. 2011).
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Abstract – The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of water stress on N2

Abstract – The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of water stress on N2

Carioca shoots grew almost twice as much as those of EMGOPA-201. Watered plants at the sec- ond harvest (control) showed higher N accumula- tion and nitrogenase activity than those from the first harvest (control), suggesting that plants were fixing and accumulating nitrogen (Table 1). Carioca shoot dry weight decreased 16% after five days with- out water. After eight days, there was still a trend of lower values for shoot dry weight, but they did not differ statistically from the control. Shoot dry weight of EMGOPA-201 was not affected by stress.
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Abstract The scope of this article was to identify

Abstract The scope of this article was to identify

the boundaries of the autonomy of local admi- nistration in the context of the federal pact in the Brazilian Unified Health System and the impor- tance and potential for promoting innovation, creativity and evidence-based decision-making by local governments. The methodology used was to ask questions that favored dialogue with the specific literature to identify the influence of centrally-formulated policies in spaces of local autonomy and then to identify strategies to fos- ter innovation, creativity and the systematic use of evidence-based research in health policy im- plementation. A gradual reduction in municipal decision-making autonomy was detected due to increased financial commitment of the munici- palities resulting from responsibilities assumed, albeit with the possibility of reverting this trend in the more recent context. Some determinants and challenges for the dissemination of innovative practices were analyzed and some relevant natio- nal and international experiences in this respect were presented. The conclusion drawn is that it is possible to make local decision-making more ef- fective provided that initiatives are consolidated to promote this culture and the formulation and implementation of evidence-based health policies. Key words Decentralization, Local government, Health systems, Innovation, Evidence in health Silvio Fernandes da Silva 1
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Braz. oral res.  vol.28 número1

Braz. oral res. vol.28 número1

tive ability of these items. The contribution of these items to the “severity of temporomandibular disor- ders” construct had not yet been assessed. Thus, it was dificult to establish a direct comparison between the results gathered in this study and other studies that have used the IAF. However, it is important to note, along with the results shown in Figure 1, that the different metric characteristics observed in the studies mentioned above point to the inadequacy of questions 4, 8 and 10, and reinforce the need to re- move them in order to obtain more reliable informa- tion and valid diagnosis of TMD severity. The lack of it of these 3 questions to the IAF may account for the fact that these questions do not evaluate the structur- al-anatomic alterations related to the temporoman- dibular joint function, as the other questions do.
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the mutagenicity (clastogenicityaneugenicity) of a glycolic extract of Ziziphus

The aim of this study was to evaluate the mutagenicity (clastogenicityaneugenicity) of a glycolic extract of Ziziphus

markable activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis [e.g., betulinic acid ester derivatives such as 7b-(4- hydroxy-benzoyloxy), 7b-(4-hydro-3-methoxy-benzoylo- xy) and 27-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzoyloxy)] (Schuhly et al., 1999). Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. bark also contains an abundance of saponins that have been used as toothpastes, with aqueous extracts showing antimicrobial action against bacteria (planktonic cells and artificial biofilms) related to dental caries and periodontal diseases (Alviano et al., 2008). Other popular therapeutic applications of Z. joazeiro Mart. include the treatment of dandruff, rheumatism, flu, fever, chronic bronchitis, gastric ulcers, indigestion, heart- burn and headaches (Schuhly et al., 1999; Cartaxo et al., 2010). In addition, experimental studies have identified po- tential antifungal (Cruz et al., 2007), antibacterial (Schuhly et al., 1999; Alviano et al., 2008; Leal et al., 2010), antioxi- dant (Alviano et al., 2008) and antipyretic (Nunes et al., 1987) activities, as well as low toxicity (Alviano et al., 2008).
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Abstract The scope of this article is to assess the

Abstract The scope of this article is to assess the

Abstract The scope of this article is to assess the oral health conditions and self-perceived chewing ability among the elderly seniors (≥ 80 years). Data from the FIBRA multicentric study were used. The sample consisted of 2,341 individuals with no cognitive impairment, aged ≥ 65 years, be- tween 2008 and 2009, where the elderly were sub- jected to data collection. Regarding the outcome, age was dichotomized into 65-79 and 80 and over. The association between longevity and the socio- demographic and behavioral variables, general and oral health and self-perceived chewing ability was assessed by Poisson regression. Complete data are now available for 2,126 seniors. The mean age was 70.91 (SD =± 4.11) years among the young elderly and 82.70 (SD =± 2.61) among the elderly seniors. The sample of individuals aged ≥ 80 years was 11.7%. Low education, single marital status and lack of work were associated with longevity, as well as self-reporting of having no natural teeth and difficulty or pain when chewing hard foods. The results suggest an association between lon- gevity with sociodemographic characteristics and oral health.
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Abstract The scope of this research was to de-

Abstract The scope of this research was to de-

Foram criados três modelos: AFP com cons- trangimento por dois fatores Rotação Promax (Protótipo 1, 30 itens), AFP sem constrangimen- to, sem rotação (Protótipo 2, 22 itens) e AFP com constrangimento por dois fatores e rotação Pro- max (Protótipo 3, 15 itens). Embora o modelo do Protótipo 1 apresentasse autovalores (eigenvalue) expressivos para os dois fatores e variância expli- cada acumulada distribuída equitativamente (Ta- bela 2), o teste KMO já havia indicado a retirada de oito itens, tendo em vista que esses apresenta- ram valores de KMO abaixo de 0,50 (Tabela 1).
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