Top PDF Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy- ze the objective and subjective levels of burden felt by family caregivers of patients who were treated at three institutions: a General Psychosocial Care Center (known as ‘CAPS Geral’), a CAPS center for Alcohol and Drugs (‘CAPS AD’) and the Psy- chiatric Admissions Unit of a General Hospital (‘UIPHG’) in the municipality of Sobral, Ceara State, Brazil. The study included 385 caregivers, 216 of whom were in the CAPS Geral, 86 in the CAPS AD and 83 in the UPHG, and applied the Family Burden Interview Scale (FBIS-BR). Excel and SPSS were used to organize and analyze the data, and a 5% significance level was applied. The results show that the general objective burden was greater for caregivers at the UIPHG. This group was also found to bear a greater objective burden with regard to caring in day-to-day life. The ana- lysis of the subjective sub-scales showed that care- givers from the UIPHG group were most troubled by supervising problematic behaviors and also by the future and patient’s type of care and medical treatment. Variables including sex and age were associated with burden.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Resumo Objetivou-se analisar o efeito da idade -período e coorte (APC) de nascimento na morta- lidade por infarto agudo do miocárdio no Brasil e regiões geográficas, segundo sexo, no período de 1980 a 2009. Os dados foram extraídos do Sis- tema de Informação Sobre Mortalidade e foram corrigidos e ajustados, por meio da redistribuição proporcional dos registros com sexo e idade igno- rados, causas mal definidas, e também se realizou a correção do sub-registro de morte. O APC foi calculado pelo modelo de regressão de Poisson, utilizando funções estimáveis. A análise APC nos dois sexos e em todas as regiões do país evidenciou progressiva redução no risco de morte nas coortes de nascimento a partir da década de 1940, exceto na região nordeste. Nessa região, verificou-se au- mento progressivo do risco de morte a partir da década de 1940 para ambos os sexos, até a déca- da de 1950 para os homens e a década de 1960 para as mulheres. Concluiu-se que as diferenças observadas no risco de morte nas regiões brasilei- ras é fruto das desigualdades socioeconômicas e de acesso aos serviços de saúde existente no território brasileiro, favorecendo a mortalidade precoce por essa causa sobretudo em localidades mais pobres. Palavras-chave Infarto do miocárdio, Mortali- dade, Efeito idade, Efeito período, Efeito de coortes Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-
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Purpose – The central objective of this research was to analyze the

Purpose – The central objective of this research was to analyze the

2010). The latter is developed throughout the years in the routines of individuals and is part of the socialization process (Coley & Burgess, 2003). The different socializations encompassed in parents-children relationships allow us to understand how chronic regulatory focus distinguishes between different types of self- regulation in relation to the desired end state (Higgins, 1997; Haws, Dholakia, & Bearden, 2010). Children learn from these interactions to self-regulate in relation to the ideals of the promotion focus or the duties of the prevention focus (Manian et al., 2006). In general, two forms of desired end states are identified: (a) aspirations and accomplishments (regulatory focus on promotion) and (b) responsibilities and safety (regulatory focus on prevention) (Graham, Ziegert, & Capitano, 2015).
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of pedotransfer functions

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of pedotransfer functions

The Wilcoxon test for REC curves according to depth showed similar results when considering all the data set (Table 6). For depths up to 10 cm (Figure 5A and B), ALEX, BEN-B, H&B-B, M&J-A, and T&H, together with M&J-B and LEO-A models, continued to present a distribution similar to the null model (Table 6). The BEN-C was the only model with a distribution different from the null model, but, again the gain in their applica- tion was very small and only for specific error ranges. The other five models, out of the 12 best ones HUNT-B, BEN-A, H&B-A, PREV, and P&O, presented a distribu- tion different from the null model, with inferior perfor- mance for the majority of the error range (Figure 5A).
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the temporal and geographical trends of diarrhea and its implications on the demands of hospitaliza- tions of children under five years of age in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006. Databases of two population-based surveys were assessed with probabilistic samples of 2078 children (1997) and 1650 children (2006) evaluated in 18 municipal- ities of Pernambuco, including the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interi- or. Prevalence was considered to involve the occur- rence of cases on the day or in the two weeks prior to the interview and as admissions, service cases with minimal hospital stay of 24 hours in the pe- riod, covering up to one year before the interview. The prevalence of diarrhea in Pernambuco had a statistically non-significant decline (19.8% to 18.1%; p = 0.192). However, a statistically-sig- nificant reduction was observed (16.9% to 10.5%; p = 0.003) in the Metropolitan Region of Reci- fe. The number of admissions increased by more than double (2.7% to 5.5% in the State and from 1.6% to 3.8% within the Metropolitan Region of Recife), in contrast with national trends. There- fore, diarrhea in the State appears as the main component of the demands of pediatric hospital- izations during the period under scrutiny. Key words Diarrhea, Prevalence, Hospitaliza- tion and child health
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the temporal and geographical trends of diarrhea and its implications on the demands of hospitaliza- tions of children under five years of age in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006. Databases of two population-based surveys were assessed with probabilistic samples of 2078 children (1997) and 1650 children (2006) evaluated in 18 municipal- ities of Pernambuco, including the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interi- or. Prevalence was considered to involve the occur- rence of cases on the day or in the two weeks prior to the interview and as admissions, service cases with minimal hospital stay of 24 hours in the pe- riod, covering up to one year before the interview. The prevalence of diarrhea in Pernambuco had a statistically non-significant decline (19.8% to 18.1%; p = 0.192). However, a statistically-sig- nificant reduction was observed (16.9% to 10.5%; p = 0.003) in the Metropolitan Region of Reci- fe. The number of admissions increased by more than double (2.7% to 5.5% in the State and from 1.6% to 3.8% within the Metropolitan Region of Recife), in contrast with national trends. There- fore, diarrhea in the State appears as the main component of the demands of pediatric hospital- izations during the period under scrutiny. Key words Diarrhea, Prevalence, Hospitaliza- tion and child health
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Abstract The scope of this research was to de-

Abstract The scope of this research was to de-

Este estudo possui como contribuição o fato de ser o primeiro que cria um instrumento para avaliar a combinação de alimentos com o intui- to de tornar o ferro mais biodisponível na dieta infantil, utiliza a análise fatorial e apresenta sua estrutura dimensional. É um dos poucos estu- dos que utiliza a confiabilidade composta em contraste com o alfa de Conbrach. As validades fatoriais, convergente e discriminante, pouco exploradas na literatura pertinente à construção de instrumento em Nutrição, sugerem adequada especificação dos domínios, ou seja, no presen- te estudo, Fator 1: estimuladores da absorção de ferro na dieta e Fator 2: inibidores da absorção de ferro na dieta, correspondendo ao que foi pro- posto teoricamente.
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Abstract The scope of this article was to identify

Abstract The scope of this article was to identify

Especialmente no campo da promoção da inovação na gestão pública da saúde, exemplo de iniciativa é o Portal de Inovação na Gestão do SUS, uma ferramenta de gestão do conhecimento, idealizada e mantida pela parceria institucional entre a Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Conselho Nacional de Secre- tarias Municipais de Saúde (CONASEMS) e Con- selho Nacionais de Secretários Estaduais de Saúde (CONASS). O portal visa apoiar gestores, profis- sionais, dirigentes e quadros técnicos do SUS e da saúde suplementar para o acesso aos principais serviços informativos e de gestão de conhecimen- to e desenvolver uma ‘comunidade de prática’ en- tre gestores, criando um ambiente colaborativo de socialização de conhecimento e experiências.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of being underweight among the elder- ly according to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health-related behaviors, diseas- es and health status. This was a cross-sectional multi-center study with 3,478 community-dwell- ing elders (≥ 65 years). The dependent variable was the prevalence of being underweight, classified by Body Mass Index < 22kg/m2. Adjusted preva- lence rate ratios were estimated using multivari- able Poisson regression. The mean age was 72.9 years and 12.0% of the elderly were underweight (CI95%:10.9-13.1). Aged elderly ≥ 80 years, for- mer and current smokers, those who reported ap- petite loss and those classified as pre-frail or frail (PR=1.41; CI95%:1.09-1.82) presented a higher prevalence of being underweight. Individuals who received medical diagnosis of hypertension, diabe- tes and rheumatism had the lowest underweight prevalence observed. The results highlight the importance of nutritional status assessment and monitoring among the elderly, with emphasis on the most vulnerable subgroups, particularly the frail elderly, taking into account the health conse- quences of low weight.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Del total de participantes, el 93.3% proviene de instituciones públicas de educación media y el resto de instituciones privadas. El promedio en el último periodo cursado fue de 8.26, con una desviación estándar de .72. Casi la mitad de ellos (50.5%) son originarios de la capital del estado de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, mientras que el res- to provienen de otras ciudades y localidades de la entidad o bien de estados vecinos del sur de México como Oaxaca, Veracruz, Tabasco y Puebla. El recuento de casos con presencia o no de ideación suicida, sintomatología depresiva, nivel de impulsividad y autoestima, indica que poco más de la mitad de los aspirantes, 2,437 (51.2%), presentaron al menos una de las cuatro problemá- ticas evaluadas. En particular, 369 casos (7.3%) mostraron evidencia de presencia de ideación sui- cida, 633 (13.3%) sintomatología depresiva eleva- da, 2,020 (42.4%) baja autoestima y 262 (5.5%) alta impulsividad. Es evidente que la problemática con mayor prevalencia es la baja autoestima.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

consisting of four items (three from the Roberts’ scale and one from the CES-D - I could not get “going”) regarding thoughts about death and taking one’s own life over the previous seven days and also using a four-point scale with the follow- ing options: 0 = 0, 1-2 days = 1, 3-4 days = 2, and 5-7 days = 3. Overall score therefore rang- es between 0 and 12. The scale has been shown to have satisfactory internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha (>.80) and good construct va- lidity 28,35 .

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ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of two cognitive behavioral

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of two cognitive behavioral

Of the 48 patients who relapsed, 38 (79.1%) had resumed smoking within the fi rst month after discharge—27 within the fi rst week (15 on the fi rst day); 8 (16.6%) had resumed smoking between the fi rst and third month; and 2 (4.1%) had resumed smoking between the fourth and sixth month. As shown in Figure 2, there was a signifi cant difference between the BrInter and InInterV groups in terms of the event-free curve (p = 0.002), the InInterV group presenting a higher event-free rate. The mean time to relapse was approximately 24 days. The main reason for relapse, reported by 37 patients (77.0%), was craving. In the comparison between the patients who had relapsed by 6 months after discharge and those who had not (Figure 3), the former presented signifi cantly higher QSU-brief scores (p = 0.001). The differences between the relapsing and abstinent patients were not signifi cant for any of the other variables evaluated: the condition that prompted admission (p = 0.75); alcohol dependence (p = 0.31); drug dependence (p = 0.47); and a sedentary lifestyle (p = 0.59).
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Abstract This cross-sectional study was carried

Abstract This cross-sectional study was carried

Abstract This cross-sectional study was carried out in Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and aimed to identify the prevalence and factors asso- ciated with familial violence perpetrated by care- givers against elderly dependents. A sample of 135 pairs was evaluated using instruments to assess both caregivers (social support, alcoholism, bur- den, violence) and elders (depression, cognition, functional capacity). Statistical tests compared the percentages of reported violence according to the characteristics of caregiver and elders. A logis- tic regression model investigated the association between violence and caregiver/ elder character- istics. More than 30% of caregivers gave responses consistent with risk of elder abuse. Among them, high burden level and comorbid alcohol abuse in- creased the risk of violence by 11 and 3.8 times, respectively. Elderly men were 2.9 times more likely to be mistreated than elderly women, and depressed ones were 6.9 times more likely to re- port mistreatment than those without depres- sion. Conclusion: We detected a high prevalence of caregiver violence against elderly dependents, with substantially greater risk among caregivers with high levels of burden, alcohol-related prob- lems, and those caring for depressed elders. Family support strategies are needed to reduce domestic violence and protect elderly victims.
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Abstract The aim of this article was to reflect on

Abstract The aim of this article was to reflect on

We begin by comparing the classical vision of levels of care and the current perspective under- pinning the systemic model in the regionalized RAS founded in different socioeconomic, cul- tural and territorial realities. The Family Health Program (FHP), proposed as a care model by the Basic Operational Norm 96, clearly embodies the ideal of organizing the system into levels of com- plexity. The belief that improving the referral and counter-referral process would contribute to overcoming fragmentation of the system and claiming that ‘first it is necessary to strengthen primary care’ are two common arguments in the field of research that illustrate technical common sense. Research has shown that the implicit con- viction that strengthening the FHP model and the integration of specialized services into pri- mary care would lead to a general remodeling of the system was not well founded. It is worth highlighting that referral between different levels of care is a common element of various health systems and that a recent meta-analysis of this problem concluded that systemic solutions are the only effective alternative 7 .
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Abstract The aim of this article was to reflect on

Abstract The aim of this article was to reflect on

Alguns pressupostos devem estar claros. Pri- meiramente, não se trata da semântica cotidiana de ‘Redes’ de serviços, encontrada há décadas na literatura – o mesmo com o conceito de ‘sistema’ e da própria regionalização –, mas de um concei- to de RAS complexas definindo sistemas comple- xos adaptativos com capacidade autorregulatória em torno de um sentido ético da organização sistêmica: a centralidade nas necessidades sociais populacionais e individuais derivadas da integra- lidade dos direitos humanos e sociais, em am- plas interações multiescalares e inter ou mesmo transetoriais. Complexidade cuja compreensão e cujo planejamento devem exigir ferramentas inovadoras como análise de redes e modelamen- to matemático que integre expectativas de consu- mo e capacidade de produção com a exigência de resultados valoráveis pelos cidadãos.
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Purpose – The objective of this paper was to explore which branding

Purpose – The objective of this paper was to explore which branding

Many firms are creating brand extensions based on the reformulation of their products in order to obtain healthier (less unhealthy) versions, as in the case of reducing the amount of sodium, sugar, or fats. Other firms are developing completely new categories of products with a high nutritional value (healthy), which are commercialized under new brand names. Although research regarding brand extension has been continuously carried out since the 1990s (e.g. Aaker & Keller, 1990; Dacin & Smith, 1994; Völckner & Sattler, 2006), it has not been extended to the context of healthy brands, therefore explaining the interest of this study, whose objective was to explore which of the two strategies – modified products commercialized as brand extensions versus the introduction of healthy products under a new brand name – is more appropriate taking into account the effect that the fit between the nutritional characteristics of the usual products of the parent brand and the healthy extension may have on the credibility of the latter type of product.
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Abstract This cross-sectional study was carried

Abstract This cross-sectional study was carried

Abstract This cross-sectional study was carried out in Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and aimed to identify the prevalence and factors asso- ciated with familial violence perpetrated by care- givers against elderly dependents. A sample of 135 pairs was evaluated using instruments to assess both caregivers (social support, alcoholism, bur- den, violence) and elders (depression, cognition, functional capacity). Statistical tests compared the percentages of reported violence according to the characteristics of caregiver and elders. A logis- tic regression model investigated the association between violence and caregiver/ elder character- istics. More than 30% of caregivers gave responses consistent with risk of elder abuse. Among them, high burden level and comorbid alcohol abuse in- creased the risk of violence by 11 and 3.8 times, respectively. Elderly men were 2.9 times more likely to be mistreated than elderly women, and depressed ones were 6.9 times more likely to re- port mistreatment than those without depres- sion. Conclusion: We detected a high prevalence of caregiver violence against elderly dependents, with substantially greater risk among caregivers with high levels of burden, alcohol-related prob- lems, and those caring for depressed elders. Family support strategies are needed to reduce domestic violence and protect elderly victims.
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Abstract - the aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical characteristics and sensory

Abstract - the aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical characteristics and sensory

‘Bordô’ grape is very rustic, productive and has high dyeing content, which makes its use suitable for the correction of the coloring of juices made with other cultivars (PROTAS, 2003). On the other hand, ‘Niágara Rosada’ cultivar is the main table grape planted in Brazil and has excellent acceptance in the market, with lower production cost and the possibility of production in other seasons (MARTINS et al., 2014). Despite the wide use of ‘Niágara Rosada’ as table grape, information about the acceptance of juice elaborated with ‘Niágara Rosada’ cultivar and ‘Bordô’ with ‘Niágara Rosada’ cuts is scarce. However, the production of juice made with these cultivars can be a promising alternative for diversification in the growing areas, as well as the possibility of adding value to the product.
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Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the optimal dose of ractopamine for performance of

Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the optimal dose of ractopamine for performance of

For a*, a quadratic effect was observed (P<0.05) and for b* a linear effect (P<0.05) was observed, i.e., the value of a* decreased close to the treatment with 15 ppm ractopamine inclusion in the diet and at the level of 20 ppm RAC increased again, showing behavior similar to that presented for the percentage of lipids in the longissimus dorsi muscle. Higher values for a* can be explained by the amount of iron present in the tissue, where samples with the highest amount of potassium show higher values of a* (Juncher et al., 2001), which is associated with this quantity of myoglobin in muscle. Several studies have shown that ractopamine promotes significant reductions in the a* values (Uttaro et al., 1993; Carr et al., 2005b). Regarding the b* values, they decreased linearly with the inclusion of ractopamine in the diet. In general, the value of b* indicates carotenoid pigments that are deposited in fat (Bressan et al., 2004).
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Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

11. Mari JJ, Williams P. A validity study of a psychiatric screening questionnaire (SRQ-20) in primary care in the city of São Paulo. Bras J Psychiatry 1986; 148:23-26. 12. Pereira RA, Santos EB, Fhon JRS, Marques S, Rodrigues RA. Sobrecarga dos cuidadores de idosos com acidente vascular cerebral. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47(1):185-192. Disponível em: 13. Loureiro LSN, Fernandes MGM, Marques S, Nóbrega MML, Rodrigues RAP. Sobrecarga de cuidadores fami- liares de idosos: prevalência e associação com carac- terísticas do idoso e do cuidador. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47 (5):1133- 1140. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/reeusp/ v47n5/pt_0080-6234-reeusp-47-05-1129.pdf
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