Top PDF Abstract – The objective of this study was to identify gliadin band patterns and

Abstract – The objective of this study was to identify gliadin band patterns and

Abstract – The objective of this study was to identify gliadin band patterns and

AbstractThe objective of this study was to identify gliadin band patterns and the extent of genetic diversity in durum wheat genotypes from Northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. Gliadins from 46 landraces and four cultivars were evaluated through acid PAGE analyses. Sixty‑six polymorphic bands and 81 patterns were identified. Twenty‑four different motility bands and 22 patterns were found in the ω gliadin region with 14 polymorph bands and 20 patterns for α and γ gliadins, and 14 bands and 19 different patterns for β gliadins. The combination of these patterns generated 38 and 39 combinations for Gli‑1 and Gli‑2 loci, respectively. The genetic diversity index (H) was higher for α gliadins ( 0.924 ), followed by ω and γ gliadins (0.899 and 0.878, respectively), and for β gliadin patterns (0.866). Extensive polymorphism (H = 0.875) was observed in four gliadin pattern regions, with higher genetic diversity in the Iranian landraces than in the Azerbaijani ones. Each genotype had special identifying patterns in the gliadin acid PAGE analysis, and cluster analysis based on Jaccard’s similarity coefficients formed six groups. Gliadin has a simple, repeatable and economic analysis, and can be used in genetic studies.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

assesses the global, objective and subjective bur- den, based on independent scores. Elements of the individual’s family life are assessed separate- ly, enabling the assessor to identify the areas of greatest and least burden sustained by the family member in their role as caregiver. The level of burden is thus evaluated across five elements of the caregiver’s life: A) care in the patient’s daily life; B) supervision of the patient’s problematic behaviors; C) financial onus borne by the fami- ly member due to the patient; D) impact on the family’s daily routine; and E) family member’s concerns with the patient. The questions for each one of the elements relates to the 30 days prior to the application of the scale. Objective burden is analyzed in relation to the frequency of care provided to the patient and includes subscales A, B and D. Subjective burden evaluated the level of inconvenience felt by the family member and re- lates to subscales A, B and E.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese- arch the existence of sexism against women among primary healthcare (PHC) workers and to identify associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study in which 163 PHC professionals of both sexes par- ticipated, all of whom were aged over 18 and had completed their primary or secondary education. The Gender Stereotyping and Ambivalent Sexism Inventory questionnaires were used. The average scores were more than 50% of the maximum score: Gender Stereotyping – 53.8%, hostile sexism – 58.2%, benevolent sexism – 64.1%. The average scores stratified by sociodemographic variables were higher. Significant differences in the hostile sexism score were found for sex (men scored higher than women), religion (higher scores for evangelical Christians) and among those who drank alcohol. For benevolent sexism, differences were found for schooling (greater scores for those who had only completed their primary education), religion (hi- gher scores for evangelical Christians and Catho- lics) and area of work (greater for those working in general services). The stratification of the Gender Stereotyping scores did not point to significant diffe- rences. Sexist prejudice was found to exist for hostile sexism, benevolent sexism and gender stereotyping. This finding could have a negative influence on the service-user relationship, leading to greater inequi- ties in health as a result of gender inequality. Key words Women’s health, Sexism, Health ine- quality, Healthcare staff, Health services
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese- arch the existence of sexism against women among primary healthcare (PHC) workers and to identify associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study in which 163 PHC professionals of both sexes par- ticipated, all of whom were aged over 18 and had completed their primary or secondary education. The Gender Stereotyping and Ambivalent Sexism Inventory questionnaires were used. The average scores were more than 50% of the maximum score: Gender Stereotyping – 53.8%, hostile sexism – 58.2%, benevolent sexism – 64.1%. The average scores stratified by sociodemographic variables were higher. Significant differences in the hostile sexism score were found for sex (men scored higher than women), religion (higher scores for evangelical Christians) and among those who drank alcohol. For benevolent sexism, differences were found for schooling (greater scores for those who had only completed their primary education), religion (hi- gher scores for evangelical Christians and Catho- lics) and area of work (greater for those working in general services). The stratification of the Gender Stereotyping scores did not point to significant diffe- rences. Sexist prejudice was found to exist for hostile sexism, benevolent sexism and gender stereotyping. This finding could have a negative influence on the service-user relationship, leading to greater inequi- ties in health as a result of gender inequality. Key words Women’s health, Sexism, Health ine- quality, Healthcare staff, Health services
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Barriers to control syphilis and HIV vertical transmission in the health care system in the city of São Paulo

Barriers to control syphilis and HIV vertical transmission in the health care system in the city of São Paulo

ABSTRACT: Objective: The objective of this study was to identify possible barriers to control vertical transmission of syphilis and HIV through the analysis of the orientation process of pregnant women from prenatal care to the obstetric center at an university hospital in Sao Paulo (Reference) and their return (with their exposed babies) for follow-up after hospital discharge (counter-reference). Methods: It is a retrospective cross-sectional study including interviews with healthcare personnel. Pregnant women with syphilis and/or HIV-infection admitted for labor or miscarriage were identiied from August 2006 to August 2007. Routine care for mothers and babies were analyzed. Results: 56 pregnant women were identiied: 43 were HIV-infected, 11 had syphilis and two were coinfected (syphilis/HIV); 22 health care professionals were interviewed. Prenatal care was identiied in 91.1% of these women: 7/11 (63.6%) with syphilis; 44/45 (97.8%) HIV-infected or coinfected. The reference for delivery was satisfactory for 57.7% of the syphilis-infected women and 97.7% of the HIV-infected ones. The counter-reference was satisfactory for all babies and mothers at hospital discharge, besides the non-adherence to this recommendation. Interviews with health care professionals showed there are better routines for assisting and following-up pregnant women, puerperal women and HIV-infected or exposed babies than for those infected with syphilis. The epidemiological report and surveillance system are also better for HIV-infected patients. Conclusion: The diiculties in the reference and counter-reference system of these women and their babies are evident barriers to control the vertical transmission of these infectious diseases.
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Transmission of seed fungi to seedlings: the seeds of B. salicifolius showed 97.5 emergence with only three dead

Transmission of seed fungi to seedlings: the seeds of B. salicifolius showed 97.5 emergence with only three dead

ABSTRACT - The objective of this study was to identify the fungi associated with the fruit and seeds of Blepharocalyx salicifolius and verify their transmission and pathogenicity to seeds and seedlings. Fungal identification on seeds was made using the blotter test and potato-dextrose- agar but only the blotter test was used for fruit. Fungal transmission to seedlings was evaluated using four replications of 50 seeds planted in vermiculite. The pathogenicity of the fungi, Colletotrichum sp., Curvularia sp., Cladosporium sp. Pestalotia sp. and Macrophomina sp. was tested. Potentially pathogenic and saprophytic fungi were found on the fruits and seeds. The transmission of Cladosporium sp. from seeds to seedlings was verified, and Cladosporium sp. Pestalotia sp. and Macrophomina sp. were found to be pathogenic to B. salicifolius seedlings.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

Abstract The objective of this study was to de- scribe and analyze factors associated with sexu- al violence (SV) among primary school students in Brazil. Data from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE in Portuguese) in 2015 was ana- lyzed. The prevalence of total and disaggregated SV was calculated according to variables such as sociodemographic data, family context, mental health, risk behaviors, safety, and physical activ- ity. The Odds Ratios of suffering SV were estimat- ed according to variables that were statistically associated (p < 0.05) by means of multivariate analysis. The prevalence of SV was 4.0%. SV among school-age adolescents was associated with characteristics such as: age of < 13 years old; fe- male; black skin color; working; being assaulted by family members; having insomnia; feeling lonely; not having friends; consuming tobacco / alcohol regularly; having tried drugs; having started sex- ual activity; feeling insecure on the way to or at school; and having suffered bullying. Studying in a private school, having a mother with higher education, living with parents, and supervision by relatives were protective factors to SV. It was possible to identify students’ vulnerabilities to SV, which can support researchers, professionals, and families in the prevention of this type of violence. Key words Adolescents, School health, Sexual vi- olence, Health survey
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Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

scribe and analyze factors associated with sexu- al violence (SV) among primary school students in Brazil. Data from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE in Portuguese) in 2015 was ana- lyzed. The prevalence of total and disaggregated SV was calculated according to variables such as sociodemographic data, family context, mental health, risk behaviors, safety, and physical activ- ity. The Odds Ratios of suffering SV were estimat- ed according to variables that were statistically associated (p < 0.05) by means of multivariate analysis. The prevalence of SV was 4.0%. SV among school-age adolescents was associated with characteristics such as: age of < 13 years old; fe- male; black skin color; working; being assaulted by family members; having insomnia; feeling lonely; not having friends; consuming tobacco / alcohol regularly; having tried drugs; having started sex- ual activity; feeling insecure on the way to or at school; and having suffered bullying. Studying in a private school, having a mother with higher education, living with parents, and supervision by relatives were protective factors to SV. It was possible to identify students’ vulnerabilities to SV, which can support researchers, professionals, and families in the prevention of this type of violence. Key words Adolescents, School health, Sexual vi- olence, Health survey
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Abstract - the aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical characteristics and sensory

Abstract - the aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical characteristics and sensory

Regarding flavor, there were no significant differences among treatments, which presented scores between 6.9 and 7.5 (Table 2). Barnabé et al. (2007) evaluated the flavor intensity of ‘Bordô’ and ‘Niágara Rosada’ wines and found that the flavor was more intense for ‘Bordô’ wine, intermediate for cuts and less intense for ‘Niágara Rosada’ wine. Rizzon et al. (1998) reported that grape juice should have predominant sweet taste, but not excessive in relation to acidity, as well as no taste of cooking, mold or other unpleasant taste. For body variable, T1, T2 and T3 treatments presented the highest mean values, differing from T5 (Table 2). These results are in agreement with Barnabé et al. (2007), who reported that the body attribute was considered more intense in wines with the highest percentage of ‘Bordô’ grapes.
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Abstract The scope of this research was to de-

Abstract The scope of this research was to de-

Foram criados três modelos: AFP com cons- trangimento por dois fatores Rotação Promax (Protótipo 1, 30 itens), AFP sem constrangimen- to, sem rotação (Protótipo 2, 22 itens) e AFP com constrangimento por dois fatores e rotação Pro- max (Protótipo 3, 15 itens). Embora o modelo do Protótipo 1 apresentasse autovalores (eigenvalue) expressivos para os dois fatores e variância expli- cada acumulada distribuída equitativamente (Ta- bela 2), o teste KMO já havia indicado a retirada de oito itens, tendo em vista que esses apresenta- ram valores de KMO abaixo de 0,50 (Tabela 1).
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

consisting of four items (three from the Roberts’ scale and one from the CES-D - I could not get “going”) regarding thoughts about death and taking one’s own life over the previous seven days and also using a four-point scale with the follow- ing options: 0 = 0, 1-2 days = 1, 3-4 days = 2, and 5-7 days = 3. Overall score therefore rang- es between 0 and 12. The scale has been shown to have satisfactory internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha (>.80) and good construct va- lidity 28,35 .
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of being underweight among the elder- ly according to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health-related behaviors, diseas- es and health status. This was a cross-sectional multi-center study with 3,478 community-dwell- ing elders (≥ 65 years). The dependent variable was the prevalence of being underweight, classified by Body Mass Index < 22kg/m2. Adjusted preva- lence rate ratios were estimated using multivari- able Poisson regression. The mean age was 72.9 years and 12.0% of the elderly were underweight (CI95%:10.9-13.1). Aged elderly ≥ 80 years, for- mer and current smokers, those who reported ap- petite loss and those classified as pre-frail or frail (PR=1.41; CI95%:1.09-1.82) presented a higher prevalence of being underweight. Individuals who received medical diagnosis of hypertension, diabe- tes and rheumatism had the lowest underweight prevalence observed. The results highlight the importance of nutritional status assessment and monitoring among the elderly, with emphasis on the most vulnerable subgroups, particularly the frail elderly, taking into account the health conse- quences of low weight.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to verify the

Abstract The scope of this study was to verify the

Abstract The scope of this study was to verify the validity and concordance of self-reported diabetes (DM) by the elderly in Campina Grande, State of Paraíba. It involved a cross-sectional home-based study, conducted with 362 elderly people aged 60 years of age and above registered in the Fami- ly Health Strategy (FHS) Program in Campina Grande, State of Paraíba. A sensitivity calculation, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) in relation to demographic and socioeconomic variables was carried out to verify the validity and reliability of self-reported DM. The Kappa test was used to verify the concordance between the diagnosis and the reporting of the disease. Among the study participants, 67.4% were women. The prevalence of diagnosed DM of 14.1% and self-reported DM of 18.1% was observed Moderate sensitivity (58.8%), excellent specificity (87.8%), moder- ate PPV (44.8%) and excellent NPV (92.7%), and moderate concordance of self-reported DM (Kappa = 0.413 p < 0.001) was observed. In this study, due to moderate validity and concordance of self-reported DM among the elderly, it is con- sidered not to be advisable that self-reported DM should be used as a disease prevalence indicator in the population studied.
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Abstract The aim of this study is to identify the

Abstract The aim of this study is to identify the

16. Thompson SJ, Bender KA, Lewis CM, Watkins R. Run- away and pregnant: risk factors associated with preg- nancy in a national sample of runaway/homeless fe- male adolescents. J Adolesc Health 2008; 43(2):125-132. 17. Noto AR, Galduróz JCF, Nappo SA, Fonseca, AM, Car- lini CMA, Moura YG, Carlini EA, organizadores. Le- vantamento nacional sobre o uso de drogas entre crianças e adolescentes em situação de rua nas 27 capitais brasilei- ras, 2003. São Paulo: Centro Brasileiro de Informações sobre Drogas Psicotrópicas; 2004.

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Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the health conditions and burden of formal and infor- mal caregivers of older adults. Cross-sectional and comparative study with a quantitative approach. The data were collected in 2014 in São Carlos/SP, using the Zarit Burden Interview and the SRQ 20 (Self Reported Questionnaire). Results: The sample included 15 formal and 35 informal care- givers. Among the formal caregivers, women were predominant (86.7%), with a mean age of 36.7, mean of 13.7 years of education, mean worklo- ad of 7.5 hours per day, 26.7% were diagnosed with emotional distress and they the majority mentioned feeling “a little overloaded” (40%). Concerning the informal caregivers, women were predominant (85.7%), 42.9% were the children of the older adult, with a mean age of 55.2 years, mean of 7.1 years of education, length of time as caregiver of 6.5 years, mean of 19.8 hours per day taking care of the older adult, 17 (48.6%) pre- sented mild overload and 16 (45.7%) presented emotional distress. Conclusions: The results re- vealed important differences and attention is nee- ded to planning interventions to improve health and work conditions of these people.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

12. Nock MK, Borges G, Bromet EJ, Alonso J, Angermeyer M, Beautrais A, Chiu WT, Girolamo G, Gluzman S, de Graaf R, Gureje O, Haro JM, Huang Y, Karam E, Kes- sler RC, Lepine JP, Levinson D, Medina-Mora ME, Ono Y, Posada-Villa J, Williams DR. Cross-national preva- lence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. Br J Psychiatry 2008; 192(2):98-105. 13. Page RM, Saumweber J, Hall PC, Crookston BT, West

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the intake and apparent digestibility of nutrients as well as the

The objective of this study was to evaluate the intake and apparent digestibility of nutrients as well as the

According to the adequate levels of dietary phosphorus (NRC, 1980), ruminants can bear such a high calcium: phosphorus ratio that it can reach 7:1 and/or 2 per cent of calcium in the diet. However, the long-term ingestion of phosphorus at levels that represent 2 to 3 times the requirements for maintenance can cause increase in bone resorption in adult animals and decrease the calcium: phosphorus ratio (<2:1), possibly contributing to an increase in the incidence of urolithiasis in intact and castrated sheep. Even with inclusion of 1% mineral salt in the diet, which allowed for a ratio of 2.4:1 between these two minerals, the addition of calcium oxide as chemical additive considerably elevated their levels so as to preserve the ensiled sugarcane, causing imbalance in the ratio of minerals, which possibly interfered in the animal performance and worsened as the doses increased.
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Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the intercropping of woody and herbaceous legumes with

Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the intercropping of woody and herbaceous legumes with

Analyzing the effect of the forage sampling time on the characteristics that make up the nutritional value, it was found that the best results generally occurred in rainy seasons because there was a trend of higher digestibility. During that time, carbohydrates were used along with the available nitrogen for the synthesis of amino acids and proteins, thus increasing the crude protein content (Table 5). Albizia and Arachis showed highest digestibility, followed by the Leucaena species. In Mexico, Solorio- Sanchez et al. (2000) observed high levels of IVDMD (70%) in eight-month-old plants (A. lebbeck), a similar result to that observed in this study. Despite showing lower digestibility values than other legumes, Cratilia had higher results than those reported in literature, since Andersson et al. (2006) and Gama et al. (2009) found IVDMD values of 48% and 46%, respectively.
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

It should be said that another factor that is of considerable geopolitical, demographic and epidemiological importance, is the rapid growth of urban populations, which has never occurred before in the whole history of humanity, espe- cially in less developed or emerging countries. This process can represent a heavy burden for society, since the growth of cities does not always go hand-in-hand with the supply of adequate en- vironmental sanitation, healthy domestic living conditions and the availability of a social service network, notably in the areas of health, educa- tion and social welfare. This is underlined in a special United Nations document 4 . Urban san-
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Em relação à participação das doenças diarrei- cas no conjunto geral das doenças do estado de Pernambuco, e em todos os espaços geográficos, ocorreu, em termos relativos, uma elevação mui- to expressiva nos percentuais de hospitalização por todas as causas entre os anos de 1997 e 2006. Com exceção do meio rural, onde as diarreias apresentaram um aumento de 4,1% para 5,9%, representando assim, uma elevação de 44%, nos outros espaços geográficos. As taxas de hospi- talização por diarreia duplicaram ou quase tri- plicaram. Evidencia-se na ilustração gráfica, a elevação rapidamente crescente das diarreias em comparação com os registros de internações de crianças por todas as causas (Gráfico 1).
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