Top PDF Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the temporal and geographical trends of diarrhea and its implications on the demands of hospitaliza- tions of children under five years of age in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006. Databases of two population-based surveys were assessed with probabilistic samples of 2078 children (1997) and 1650 children (2006) evaluated in 18 municipal- ities of Pernambuco, including the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interi- or. Prevalence was considered to involve the occur- rence of cases on the day or in the two weeks prior to the interview and as admissions, service cases with minimal hospital stay of 24 hours in the pe- riod, covering up to one year before the interview. The prevalence of diarrhea in Pernambuco had a statistically non-significant decline (19.8% to 18.1%; p = 0.192). However, a statistically-sig- nificant reduction was observed (16.9% to 10.5%; p = 0.003) in the Metropolitan Region of Reci- fe. The number of admissions increased by more than double (2.7% to 5.5% in the State and from 1.6% to 3.8% within the Metropolitan Region of Recife), in contrast with national trends. There- fore, diarrhea in the State appears as the main component of the demands of pediatric hospital- izations during the period under scrutiny. Key words Diarrhea, Prevalence, Hospitaliza- tion and child health
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the temporal and geographical trends of diarrhea and its implications on the demands of hospitaliza- tions of children under five years of age in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006. Databases of two population-based surveys were assessed with probabilistic samples of 2078 children (1997) and 1650 children (2006) evaluated in 18 municipal- ities of Pernambuco, including the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interi- or. Prevalence was considered to involve the occur- rence of cases on the day or in the two weeks prior to the interview and as admissions, service cases with minimal hospital stay of 24 hours in the pe- riod, covering up to one year before the interview. The prevalence of diarrhea in Pernambuco had a statistically non-significant decline (19.8% to 18.1%; p = 0.192). However, a statistically-sig- nificant reduction was observed (16.9% to 10.5%; p = 0.003) in the Metropolitan Region of Reci- fe. The number of admissions increased by more than double (2.7% to 5.5% in the State and from 1.6% to 3.8% within the Metropolitan Region of Recife), in contrast with national trends. There- fore, diarrhea in the State appears as the main component of the demands of pediatric hospital- izations during the period under scrutiny. Key words Diarrhea, Prevalence, Hospitaliza- tion and child health
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

the evolution of the profile of psychiatric admis- sions via the Unified Health System in psychiat- ric hospitals of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 2001 and 2013. Data were obtained from the Information Technology Department of the Unified Health System. The analyses of trends were conducted by regression procedures, in which the independent variable was the year, and the dependent variables were the patients (sex, age, diagnosis) and admission characteris- tics (city, hospital administrative status, length of internment). A total of 202,188 admissions to 25 hospitals were appraised. There were significant changes in the diagnostic profiles of psychiatric admissions during the period under scrutiny, no- tably an increase in the proportion of admissions for substance abuse-related disorders and a reduc- tion for psychotic disorders. This study is in tune with the context of the reform of mental health- care in Minas Gerais, providing relevant input to support the mental health policies towards uni- versalization, humanization and the overcoming of inequalities in access to health services.
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Abstract This paper aimed to characterize the

Abstract This paper aimed to characterize the

Abstract This paper aimed to characterize the historical trajectory, including the advances and challenges, of the teaching-service integration in the medical training process. In this context, through scientific studies indexed in databases, a critical review of the literature was performed from the search for works of reference until the present moment. Most of the works consulted were reference material on the topic published in scientific journals and indexed in the databases of the Virtual Health Library. The search evidenced that the country underwent transformative ex- periences in the fields of health and education in the 1970’s and, since then, the teaching-service integration has drawn universities and health institutions closer through the reorganization of education and healthcare. Despite the prog- ress achieved mainly in the last decade, there are challenges to overcome in the integration of these different worlds, of one which is the creation and implementation of management tools such as the Organizing Contract for Public Health Education Action (COAPES), capable of withstanding the complexity of this process.
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Abstract In this paper an attempt was made to

Abstract In this paper an attempt was made to

analyze some of the main indicators of the evo- lution of the welfare state in OECD countries between 1980 and 2016. In particular, an assess- ment was made to evaluate if the so-called Great Recession starting in 2008 led to a contraction of the social state. The analysis focused on three dimensions: social expenditure, funding, and ef- fectiveness. The conclusion drawn was that the twenty-first century has been a period of expan- sion, both in terms of social expenditure and the catch-up of the latecomers. In particular, all tra- ditional areas of social policy have expanded in tandem with a slight increase in “active” social policies. The rise in social expenditure has been financed by increasing taxation not thoroughly alien to progressivity principles. Overall, it has been translated into an increased effort for redis- tribution. However, inequality and poverty are advancing at a higher rate.
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Abstract: This paper was produced to celebrate the 15 th anniversary of the Psychological Test

Abstract: This paper was produced to celebrate the 15 th anniversary of the Psychological Test

Assessment System (in Brazil Satepsi). Initially, the historical aspects that underpin the Federal Council of Psychology’s decision to create a system of analysis instruments will be presented, as well as some challenges faced by the scientific community in the past years. Thereafter, stemming from a review of carried out studies on the available psychological test in the Satepsi, the evolution of the available psychological tests’ features in Brazil are discussed. Current research’s data were contrasted with a survey performed in February, 2018, at Satepsi. 180 psychological tests with favorable positions were identified, suggesting that, from a quantitative point view, the number of available tests on the market virtually quadruplicated since the Satepsi creation. Furthermore, it was noticed that the quality of the material accomplished the advances in the area. Stemming from the carried out analysis, the importance of the Satepsi to assure that good materials will be reachable on use by psychologists is upheld.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the digital preference for the "age" variable in the database of cases of adverse drug events reported between 2008 and 2013 in the pharmacovigilance system in Brazil. The database was analyzed in three stages: 1) Initial exploration; 2) standard- ization of variables; and 3) duplicate records management. The digital preference for the "age" variable according to sex and grouped regions of the country, was determined using the Whipple and Myers methods and also measured by the adhesion test based on statistical χ 2 at 5% signif-
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the quality of work life of the physical therapy course teachers in the city of Goiânia in the state of Goiás. It involved a cross-sectional study of 65 physical therapy teachers in Goiânia. The partic- ipants who had worked for less than six months in the profession and those who failed to fill out the questionnaire in full were excluded from the research. A socio-demographic and the Total Quality of Work Life (TQWL-42) questionnaire were used to assess the quality of work life. It was established that the teachers who taught in grad- uate courses and who held management positions presented significantly better averages than those who only taught in undergraduate courses. Sat- isfaction with income and with the teaching ac- tivity also showed significant results influencing the quality of work life of the participants. Work in positions and locations that allow greater au- tonomy, status and remuneration, as well as sub- jective evaluation of satisfaction with income and teaching work, influenced the quality of work life of physical therapy teachers.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the accreditation criteria of the studies that eval- uated actions of health promotion and risk factor prevention of Health Promoting Schools (HPS). A systematic review was conducted based on the recommendations proposed in the “Preferred Re- porting Items for Systematic Reviews and Me- ta-Analyses (Prisma)” protocol of articles that assessed HPS in the following databases: SciELO, Lilacs, Medline, PubMed and Portal Capes. From the analysis of the three pillars for accreditation of HPS, three of the studies analyzed did not in- clude all the criteria for certification as HPS on the “Planning Process” and “Health Promotion Activities Developed” pillars. The schools cited in these studies perform health education, preven- tion and/or health promotion activities, howev- er, it is misleading to refer to themselves as HPS. The main challenges for implementation, devel- opment and continuity of HPS were identified as being intersectionality and insufficient financial and qualified human resources. HPS need to be certified and submitted to an ongoing evaluation process. It is also suggested the topic of health pro- motion be included in the syllabuses of training courses of health education teachers and other health education professionals.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

pesquisados é representativa de alunos de esco- las públicas e privadas das 27 capitais brasileiras. Foram selecionadas amostras independentes de escolas públicas e privadas a partir da lista do INEP (Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira), onde constam to- das as escolas do Brasil. Para cada tipo de escola (pública e privada), foram criados três estratos: escolas com ensino médio e fundamental, escolas apenas com ensino médio e escolas apenas com ensino fundamental. O número de escolas sorte- adas em cada estrato foi proporcional ao número de alunos dos estratos. Após o sorteio das turmas participantes, todos os alunos da classe foram convidados a participar da pesquisa.
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Abstract This paper aimed to characterize the

Abstract This paper aimed to characterize the

one of health and the other of education, and is now gaining new and more complex contours. This new scenario can help overcome some of the commonly identified difficulties, such as political instability arising from frequent man- agerial changes, the limited infrastructure of health services, the isolation of IES vis-à-vis the service network and society, both actors’ lack of understanding of the real objectives of the educa- tion-service integration, the difficulty in organiz- ing, agreeing and absorbing the demand of the field of practices in municipalities with a more significant number of health schools, insufficient interprofessional articulation within the IES for the development of education-service integra- tion activities, conflicts regarding the lack of defi- nition regarding the commitments of education- al institutions and health services concerning the preceptorship and sanitary responsibility.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to investi-

Abstract The scope of this article is to investi-

deste estudo. O fato de os cardápios do PNAE serem elaborados por nutricionistas, conforme os preceitos de uma alimentação saudável, deve- ria colaborar para uma associação significativa com o consumo de alimentos protetores, resul- tado que não foi encontrado. Vale destacar que o consumo de alimentos da escola foi avaliado por meio de apenas um Recordatório de 24 horas, o que pode ter colaborado para não se encontrar associação entre as variáveis. Uma pesquisa com 2.314 escolares dos Estados Unidos da América aponta que consumidores do School Lunch Pro- gram (SLP) e do School Breakfast Program (SBP) apresentam melhor perfil dietético na escola. De acordo com os autores, escolares usuários do SLP consomem mais leite, frutas, sucos naturais e menos sobremesas e snacks (p < 0,01), enquan- to usuários do SBP ingerem mais leite, frutas e
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Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

Uma das principais limitações deste estudo refere-se à não quantificação da ingestão dos ali- mentos referidos. A aplicação de um questioná- rio de frequência alimentar que quantificasse os alimentos consumidos pela população estudada seria o mais apropriado para inferir nas inges- tões atuais dos adolescentes e compará-las com as recomendações para o sexo e idade. No entan- to, como o objetivo era descrever alguns hábitos alimentares e as possíveis diferenças entre qui- lombolas e não quilombolas, não foram utiliza- das ferramentas para estimar valores precisos de ingestão dos alimentos.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

The prevalence of sexual violence was initial- ly calculated with its respective confidence inter- vals of 95% (CI95%). To verify these associated factors, bivariate analyses were carried out with estimates of the Odds Ratio (OR) and its re- spective CI95% to the significance level of 0.05. Following this, a multivariate analysis was con- ducted for an outcome inserted into the model of independent variables that presented association with the outcomes at a significance level inferi- or to 0.20, calculating the adjusted ORs (ORa) and its respective CI95%. All of the analyses were done in the program SPSS version 2.0, utilizing procedures of the Complex Samples Modules, suitable for analysis of data obtained by a com- plex sampling plan.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Os pesquisadores se deslocaram até os ser- viços municipais de APS e entraram em conta- to com os participantes da pesquisa. Em cada uma das Unidades realizaram reuniões onde explicaram os objetivos do trabalho e a metodo- logia aplicada. Em seguida, convidaram os pro- fissionais que podiam ser incluídos na pesquisa a participar do estudo. Aqueles que aceitaram compuseram a amostra. A manifestação desta concordância foi explicitada pela assinatura do Termo de Consentimento de Livre e Esclarecido (TCLE). No passo seguinte foi efetuada a leitura dos questionários e se questionou sobre o enten- dimento de cada um deles. Quando ocorria qual- quer dúvida, o pesquisador lia novamente a(s) questão(ões) não compreendida(s) até que o in- divíduo manifestasse seu entendimento. Não era explicado o sentido de nenhuma das perguntas, para que a resposta não fosse influenciada pelo pesquisador. Quando não restasse mais nenhuma dúvida, os questionários eram auto respondidos na seguinte ordem: 1º- Questionário sociodemo- gráfico e de saúde; 2º- Estereótipos de Gêneros; 3º- Inventário do Sexismo Ambivalente. A apli- cação dos instrumentos era realizada em sala iso- lada, tranquila, sem interferência de terceiros. No final do trabalho, o pesquisador certificava se to- das as questões tinham sido respondidas e solici- tava ao respondente que houvesse deixado qual- quer item sem preenchimento, para completá-lo.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

from mental disorders that arise from alcohol and drug abuse; and secondly, the greater pro- portion of male patients who are treated at the CAPS AD, given the association between male sex and a greater degree of burden. Although the use of legal and illegal drugs is common in today’s society, irrespective of gender, cultural questions involving prejudices particularly with regard to women were apparent in the activities involving care for drug users, and this may help to under- stand the significant numerical difference in the total number of users. However, it should not be forgotten that the male population is worse affected by drug dependence, leading to subse- quent need for treatment tratamento 16 .
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

ze the effect of age-period and cohort (APC) of birth on mortality for acute myocardial infarction in Brazil and its geographic regions, according to sex in the period from 1980 to 2009. The data was extracted from the Mortality Information System and was corrected and adjusted by means of pro- portional redistribution of records with sex and age ignored, ill-defined causes, and corrections were made based on the death sub-register. The APC was calculated using the Poisson regression model with estimable functions. The APC analy- sis on both sexes and in all regions of the country showed gradual reductions in the risk of death in birth cohorts from the decade of the 1940s, except in the Northeast. In this region, there have been progressive increases in the risk of death from the late 1940s for both sexes. This was up until the 1950s for men and the 1960s for women. It was concluded that the observed differences in the risk of death in Brazilian regions is the result of socio -economic inequalities and poor access to health services within the Brazilian territory, favoring early mortality for this cause especially in poorer areas.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze

The predictors in the present study were com- ponents of time spent in sedentary behavior, in- cluding television viewing, playing video games, using the computer and non-screen activities (talking to friends, playing cards or dominoes, talking on the phone, driving, or as a passenger, reading or studying). The mean time spent in each of these behaviors (in a typical week) was asked separately for weekdays and weekends, assigning weight 5 to weekdays and weight 2 to weekends and dividing the result by 7 to obtain the mean time in minutes per day 14 . Screen entertainment
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

The sample was mainly made up of women (89%), of whom 58.9% were aged over 35. The majority of workers had completed their second- ary or technical education (78.5%). 79.8% of re- spondents identified as white, while 70.6% were Catholic and 77.9% had a partner. More than half of the workers (54.0%) lived in a different neigh- borhood to the one in which the Health Unit was located; 52.1% lived with their spouses and 20.9% with their parents. The majority of pro- fessionals held positions in healthcare (69.9%), while the remainder worked in administration or in support services. All respondents had direct contact with service users. 94.5% of respondents earned up to a maximum of five times the min- imum salary, with 71.1% holding their current position for at least a year, with 97.5% carrying out their services in urban areas. A total of 38 health professionals were smokers (23.3%) and 43 (26.4%) consumed alcohol (Table 1).
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Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

Abstract The objective of this study was to de-

scribe and analyze factors associated with sexu- al violence (SV) among primary school students in Brazil. Data from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE in Portuguese) in 2015 was ana- lyzed. The prevalence of total and disaggregated SV was calculated according to variables such as sociodemographic data, family context, mental health, risk behaviors, safety, and physical activ- ity. The Odds Ratios of suffering SV were estimat- ed according to variables that were statistically associated (p < 0.05) by means of multivariate analysis. The prevalence of SV was 4.0%. SV among school-age adolescents was associated with characteristics such as: age of < 13 years old; fe- male; black skin color; working; being assaulted by family members; having insomnia; feeling lonely; not having friends; consuming tobacco / alcohol regularly; having tried drugs; having started sex- ual activity; feeling insecure on the way to or at school; and having suffered bullying. Studying in a private school, having a mother with higher education, living with parents, and supervision by relatives were protective factors to SV. It was possible to identify students’ vulnerabilities to SV, which can support researchers, professionals, and families in the prevention of this type of violence. Key words Adolescents, School health, Sexual vi- olence, Health survey
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