Top PDF Abstract This study analyzes the conduction

Abstract This study analyzes the conduction

Abstract This study analyzes the conduction

Abstract This study analyzes the conduction patterns of implementing Primary Health Care (PHC) in Paraguay in three government periods (2008-2012, 2012-2013 and 2013-2017) and three management levels (national, regional and local). This is a qualitative study based on grounded theory. A priori categories on PHC stewardship and governance in Paraguay were analyzed. An open-ended questionnaire was applied to a sam- ple of social, political and technical stakeholders: ministers, coordinators, managers, consultants, and international organizations’ experts. Data were processed combining the use of Atlas Ti sof- tware and sorting findings in a structured Excel matrix. Gaps in leadership, regulatory mechanis- ms, technical capacities for health planning and management and financial implementation me- thods have affected PHC continuous expansion and strengthening process. The findings show li- mitations and possibilities for the implementation of this health policy in Paraguay, evidencing the need for greater qualification of management and political stability in its conduction.
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Abstract This study aims to analyse the eating

Abstract This study aims to analyse the eating

Abstract This study aims to analyse the eating patterns and nutrient intake in different eating patterns of elderly persons. This is a cross-sec- tional study with elderly people from Botucatu, São Paulo state, Brazil. The mean daily nutrient intake of individuals with high adherence to the eating patterns identified by factor analysis was analysed, comparing the intake by analysis of variance. Individuals with high adherence to the Healthy eating pattern had the highest mean in- take of retinol, vitamin A and vitamin E. Indi- viduals with high adherence to the eating pattern Snacks and weekend meal presented lower means of vitamin B12, vitamin C, phosphorus, and ret- inol intake and the highest means of iron, man- ganese and magnesium intake. Individuals with high adherence to Fruits had the lowest mean fibre intake. Individuals with high adherence to Light and whole foods had the highest means of vitamin C intake. Individuals with high adherence to Soft diet showed lower protein intake and increased added sugar intake. Individuals with high adher- ence to the Traditional eating pattern presented high means of nutrient intake. In general, a better characterization of the eating behaviour of elderly people who adhere to each of these eating patterns was possible.
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Abstract This study aims to analyse the eating

Abstract This study aims to analyse the eating

17. Pala V, Sieri S, Masala G, Pali D, Panico S, Vneis P, Sac- erdote C, Mattiello A, Galasso R, Salvini S, Ceroti M, Berrino F, Fuscon E, Tumino R, Frasca G, Riboli E, Trichopoulou A, Baibas N, Krogh V. Associations be- tween dietary pattern and lifestyle, anthropometry and other health indicators in the elderly participants of the EPIC-Italy cohort. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2006; 16(3):186-201.

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Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

Chronic diseases affect the individuals’ QoL the most, because they permanently interfere with their lifestyle and limit their productive ca- pacity and worldview. In this context, diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the diseases that impacts individuals’ QoL the most, since therapy requires a radical change in their lifestyle and that of their family, due the need to maintain metabolic control in the ideal parameters. Thus, they must change their diet, physical activity, daily insulin injections and consultations with the endocri- nologist to adjust the doses. This routine causes sadness, anxiety and frustration 3 .
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Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci- entific literature on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. This is an integrative review whose in- clusion criteria were full-text papers available online in Portuguese, English and Spanish; pub- lished and indexed in databases Lilacs, Medline, Adolec, BDENF, in the period 2003-2013 that re- flected the theme HRQOL, Type 1 diabetes and adolescents. Twenty-two papers were analyzed, from which the following themes were retrieved: development and validation of tools to measure the HRQOL of diabetic adolescents; HRQOL of adolescents with diabetes; factors affecting the quality of life of adolescents with diabetes and resources used to assist adolescents in diabetes management. The HRQOL of adolescents with diabetes has been a widely studied and dissem- inated topic in international literature, but has poorly echoed in Brazil. Studies published in in- ternational journals in English predominated. Thus, we emphasize the importance of conducting research of this nature in Brazil, since the mea- surement of HRQOL of diabetic adolescents may help the multidisciplinary team in care planning. Key words Quality of Life, Type 1 diabetes mel- litus, Adolescent
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Abstract This study aimed to verify the associ-

Abstract This study aimed to verify the associ-

The relationship between overweight and morbidities suggests the need to monitor the health status in order to avoid complications arising from this event in the quality of life. Con- sidering that the entire population of this study is covered by the Family Health Team, health professionals can use home visits to monitor the nutritional status of rural elderly and, as a result, propose a care plan according to the context of housing. Other key strategies are public educa- tion campaigns that can corroborate with the sensitization of these individuals regarding self- care in overweight control.
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Abstract This study aimed to verify the associ-

Abstract This study aimed to verify the associ-

16. Ramos LR, Toniolo NJ, Cendoroglo MS, Garcia JT, Najas MS, Perracini M, Paola CR, Santos FC, Bilton T, Ebel SJ, Macedo MBM, Almada FCM, Nasri F, Miranda FD, Gonçalves M, Santos ALP, Fraietta R, Vivacqua NI, Alves MLM, Tudisco ES. Two-year follow-up study of elderly residents in S. Paulo, Brazil: methodology and preliminary results. Rev Saude Publica 1998; 32(5):397- 407.

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Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

• Demographic and socioeconomic vari- ables: age bracket (18 to 29; 30 to 49, and 50 to 64); self-reported skin color/race (white, black, and brown. We excluded yellow skin color/race because of the low number of women, n = 4); religion (Catholic, Protestant, without religion, and others); education level (in years of study and categorized into: 0 to 8, 9 to 12, and 13 or more years); occupation (paid workers, unem- ployed, retired, housewives, and students. We classified as paid workers the women who de- clared exercising a paid activity, even if at the time of research they were temporarily away due to illness or retirement but continued working being paid; as unemployed those who were not working, but declared to be looking for a job; as retired those who no longer were paid workers and who received the salary of social security or pension plan; as housewives those who did not practice any remunerated activity and declared to be housewives; and as students those who ex- ercised no remunerated activity and only dedi- cated themselves to studies); per capita monthly family income (calculated as times the monthly minimum wages (MW) and categorized into: ≥
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Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the socio-

El Bcheraoui C, Moradi-Lakeh M, Kyu HH, Barber RM, Wagner J, Cercy K, Kravitz H, Coggeshall M, Chew A, O’Rourke KF, Steiner C, Tuffaha M, Charara R, Al- Ghamdi EA, Adi Y, Afifi RA, Alahmadi H, Al Buhairan F, Allen N, Al Mazroa M, Al-Nehmi AA, Al Rayess Z, Arora M, Azzopardi P11, Barroso C, Basulaiman M, Bhutta ZA, Bonell C, Breinbauer C, Degenhardt L, Denno D, Fang J, Fatusi A, Feigl AB, Kakuma R, Karam N, Kennedy E, Khoja TA, Maalouf F, Obermeyer CM, Mattoo A, McGovern T, Memish ZA, Mensah GA, Patel V, Petroni S, Reavley N, Zertuche DR, Saeedi M, Santelli J, Sawyer SM, Ssewamala F, Taiwo K, Tantawy M, Viner RM, Waldfogel J, Zuñiga MP, Naghavi M, Wang H, Vos T, Lopez AD, Al Rabeeah AA, Patton GC, Murray CJ. Global burden of diseases, injurie, and risk factors for Young people’s health during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet 2016; 387(10037):2383-2401.
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Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the prev-

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the prev-

Initially, the variables were described through their frequency distributions. Concerning the variables underlying the Foster and Hamilton Index, as well as for the outcome (malocclusion), 95% confidence interval was estimated for their respective prevalence. In the bivariate analysis, the Chi-square test was used to evaluate the ex- istence of an association between the outcome and the independent variables. Variables with a detailed level (p-value) less than or equal to 0.20 were selected for the multiple model. The Poisson regression model, with robust variance, using the prevalence ratio (PR) as a measure of association was adopted in the multiple analysis. Statistical analyses were performed in the SPSS program 18.0.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to describe

Abstract The scope of this study was to describe

Abstract The scope of this study was to describe the prevalence of depressive symptoms measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale–EDG - 15 and test the association of oral health variables and depressive symptoms in a population of the elderly linked to eleven Family Health Units in the south of Brazil. It involved a cross-sectional study with 439 elderly individuals. A standardized question- naire was used to obtain socio-economic and oral health variables of the study. The clinical variables of oral health were obtained by a qualified den- tist. The symptoms of depression, which was the scope of the study, were obtained by the Geriatric Depression Scale–EDG -15. The prevalence of de- pressive symptoms was 18.3% (CI95% 14.6-21.8). Analyzing the exposure variables and depressive symptoms through adjusted Poisson regression analysis, individuals with 1 to 9 teeth (PR = 1.68; CI95% 1.06-2.64, p = 0.012), with a perception of dry mouth (PR = 2.23; CI95% 1.52-3.28, p < 0.001) and perception of pain in the mouth (PR = 2.11; CI95% 1.10-4.07, p = 0.036) have a high- er prevalence of depressive symptoms. The study identified a significant prevalence of depressive symptoms and that oral health variables are as- sociated with the presence of depressive symptoms in the elderly population.
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

from mental disorders that arise from alcohol and drug abuse; and secondly, the greater pro- portion of male patients who are treated at the CAPS AD, given the association between male sex and a greater degree of burden. Although the use of legal and illegal drugs is common in today’s society, irrespective of gender, cultural questions involving prejudices particularly with regard to women were apparent in the activities involving care for drug users, and this may help to under- stand the significant numerical difference in the total number of users. However, it should not be forgotten that the male population is worse affected by drug dependence, leading to subse- quent need for treatment tratamento 16 .
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

The sample was mainly made up of women (89%), of whom 58.9% were aged over 35. The majority of workers had completed their second- ary or technical education (78.5%). 79.8% of re- spondents identified as white, while 70.6% were Catholic and 77.9% had a partner. More than half of the workers (54.0%) lived in a different neigh- borhood to the one in which the Health Unit was located; 52.1% lived with their spouses and 20.9% with their parents. The majority of pro- fessionals held positions in healthcare (69.9%), while the remainder worked in administration or in support services. All respondents had direct contact with service users. 94.5% of respondents earned up to a maximum of five times the min- imum salary, with 71.1% holding their current position for at least a year, with 97.5% carrying out their services in urban areas. A total of 38 health professionals were smokers (23.3%) and 43 (26.4%) consumed alcohol (Table 1).
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Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese-

Abstract The objective of this study was to rese- arch the existence of sexism against women among primary healthcare (PHC) workers and to identify associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study in which 163 PHC professionals of both sexes par- ticipated, all of whom were aged over 18 and had completed their primary or secondary education. The Gender Stereotyping and Ambivalent Sexism Inventory questionnaires were used. The average scores were more than 50% of the maximum score: Gender Stereotyping – 53.8%, hostile sexism – 58.2%, benevolent sexism – 64.1%. The average scores stratified by sociodemographic variables were higher. Significant differences in the hostile sexism score were found for sex (men scored higher than women), religion (higher scores for evangelical Christians) and among those who drank alcohol. For benevolent sexism, differences were found for schooling (greater scores for those who had only completed their primary education), religion (hi- gher scores for evangelical Christians and Catho- lics) and area of work (greater for those working in general services). The stratification of the Gender Stereotyping scores did not point to significant diffe- rences. Sexist prejudice was found to exist for hostile sexism, benevolent sexism and gender stereotyping. This finding could have a negative influence on the service-user relationship, leading to greater inequi- ties in health as a result of gender inequality. Key words Women’s health, Sexism, Health ine- quality, Healthcare staff, Health services
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Abstract: This study aimed to relate the gait of

Abstract: This study aimed to relate the gait of

29. Kernozek TW; Lamott EE. Comparisons of plantar pressures between de elderly and young adults. Division of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota. Gait & posture. 1995, 3: 143-148. 30. Houmard JA, Weidner ML, Gavigan KE, Tyndall GL, Hickey MS, Alshami A. Fiber type and citrate synthase activity in the human gastrocnemius and vastus lateralis with aging. J Appl Physiol. 1998, 85: 1337–1341.

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Abstract The scope of this study was to analyze

Abstract The scope of this study was to analyze

Abstract The scope of this study was to analyze the difference in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) between 2000 and 2010 and its association with socio-economic and risk factors among the elderly. Bayesian multilevel models were applied to analyze the difference in the prev- alence of CVD, and the association between in- dividual characteristics and the presence of CVD was analyzed by logistic regression models with complex samples separately for 2000, 2006 and 2010. This research is part of the Health, Welfare and Aging (SABE) study, performed in Sao Pau- lo, Brazil, and used the samples collected in 2000, 2006 and 2010. An increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease among the elderly was ob- served during the period, from 17.9% in 2000, to 22.2% in 2006, attaining 22.9% in 2010. In reference to the prevalence observed in 2000, the multilevel analysis indicated a significant increase in the presence of cardiovascular disease in 2006 (OR = 3.20 95%CI = 1.93-5.31) and 2010 (OR = 2.98 95%CI = 1.51-5.89), even after statistical adjustment for individual factors. The presence of CVD was associated with older age, smoking history, the presence of diabetes and hypertension, and an inverse association was observed between the presence of CVD and alcohol intake.
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Abstract The scope of this study was to investi-

Abstract The scope of this study was to investi-

Abstract The scope of this study was to investi- gate the factorial structure of the questionnaire for the inclusion of vegetable oil in natura in the diet of children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 220 mothers using the Likert Scale question- naire. Thirteen Child Nutrition experts/judges semantically evaluated the items and the Gen- eralizability Coefficient (GC) assessed the errors according to a one-off, two-facet random model (item/judge). The Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) indicated dimensionality of the tools ap- plied: Doornik-Hansen Test; Main Factor Anal- ysis; Kaiser Guttman criterion; Promax rotation; Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test (KMO); convergent and discriminant validities, Cronbach’s Alpha; Com- posite Reliability. The GC = 0.8407 was consid- ered satisfactory. The Doornik-Hansen test (chi2 (28) = 198.053, prob>chi2 = 0.0000) confirmed the multivariate normality of data. The Kaiser Guttman criterion explained 76.32% of the latent construct. The correlation between factors 1 and 2 (-0.4042) suggests the two-dimensional nature of the instrument. The KMO (0.8440) indicated the adequacy of the data to perform EFA. Cronbach’s alpha showed values around 0.70, considered acceptable. The two-dimensionality of the ques- tionnaire was verified to assess the inclusion of in natura vegetable oils in the diet of children. Key words Child, Oil, Questionnaire, Factor analysis
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of being underweight among the elder- ly according to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health-related behaviors, diseas- es and health status. This was a cross-sectional multi-center study with 3,478 community-dwell- ing elders (≥ 65 years). The dependent variable was the prevalence of being underweight, classified by Body Mass Index < 22kg/m2. Adjusted preva- lence rate ratios were estimated using multivari- able Poisson regression. The mean age was 72.9 years and 12.0% of the elderly were underweight (CI95%:10.9-13.1). Aged elderly ≥ 80 years, for- mer and current smokers, those who reported ap- petite loss and those classified as pre-frail or frail (PR=1.41; CI95%:1.09-1.82) presented a higher prevalence of being underweight. Individuals who received medical diagnosis of hypertension, diabe- tes and rheumatism had the lowest underweight prevalence observed. The results highlight the importance of nutritional status assessment and monitoring among the elderly, with emphasis on the most vulnerable subgroups, particularly the frail elderly, taking into account the health conse- quences of low weight.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the presence of suicidal ideation and depressive symp- toms among adolescents in Chiapas, Mexico based on predictor variables. A cross-sectional study adopting an ex post facto design was conducted with a non-probability sample of 4,759 students of both sexes with an average age of 18.4 years and using the following tools: the Center for Epidemi- ologic Studies Depression Scale, Roberts’ Suicidal Ideation Scale, the Impulsiveness Scale (IS), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The mean score obtained by the suicidal ideation scale was 0.2, which is lower than that reported by other studies, while the mean score for depressive symptoms was similar to those in the literature. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 7.8%, which is lower than reported in national and international studies. Multivariable logistic regression showed that im- pulsiveness (OR = 1.907) and depressive symp- toms (OR = 9.006) lead to a twofold and ninefold increase in the likelihood of suicidal ideation, re- spectively. The findings also showed a strong asso- ciation between suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms, showing that the latter is a predictor of suicidal ideation among adolescents.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

consisting of four items (three from the Roberts’ scale and one from the CES-D - I could not get “going”) regarding thoughts about death and taking one’s own life over the previous seven days and also using a four-point scale with the follow- ing options: 0 = 0, 1-2 days = 1, 3-4 days = 2, and 5-7 days = 3. Overall score therefore rang- es between 0 and 12. The scale has been shown to have satisfactory internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha (>.80) and good construct va- lidity 28,35 .

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