Competitiveness is the capacity of countries to create an enabling environment for indigenous business development; using low‐cost strategies, differentiation, substitution, leading to increased productivity; creating opportunities to penetrate foreign markets and added value through their form; citizens by providing jobs with high pay, increasingthe purchasing power; contributing to economic growth and to establish a balanced social environment. Enhancing competitivenessof national economy is one of five strategic priorities oftheRepublicofMoldova, stated in the draft National Development Plan. Thewine industry is one ofthe most important branches of national economy in Moldova. But for Moldova's wine production to be competitive on the world market, wine industry itself should become a branch of modern, efficient, with high economic efficiency, which will not be achieved without investment and without attracting high quality production.
The labor force as a factor of economic growth occurs through increasingthe level of work done at the macroeconomic level and also through increasing its quality, which is expressed synthetic through labor productivity indicator. Although, theRepublicofMoldova is among the first countries of Europe with the largest areas of agricultural land per capita, also continue to lead among the poorest countries of Europe with the lowest standard of living and economic development. TheRepublicofMoldova ranks on the last places regarding the usage of labor in rural areas, compared with EU countries. This is reflected by differential between rural share ofthe total population and share of agriculture in employment in some EU countries.
This paper presents an analysis ofthe level of development ofthewinesector in agricultural enterprises oftheRepublicofMoldova during 2001-2011. It was analyzed the dynamic of fruit bearing surfaces ofthe vine, global production andthe yield per 1 ha. There were determined the indicators of economic efficiency the grapes andthe trend of modifying thewine sector’s efficiency for the years 2013-2016 using analytical leveling process according to linear function.
The conferences contributed to the fast development ofthe Ecological Chemistry direction in Moldova. New specializations were created at the Department of Industrial and Ecological Chemistry (DIEC) ofMoldova State University resulting in the increase ofthe number of students. The annual editions of national conferences and trainings in the fi eld of Ecological chemistry for students and young scientists have been organized. During these events, students had the opportunity to present their research results to a large public of experienced scientists. Some trainings and workshops for students and young scientists were organized in Turkey, Romania, Ukraine and other countries, giving them opportunity to familiarize with the latest generation of technologies and practices in the fi elds of ecological chemistry. Upon the initiative ofthe students of DIEC, many new ecological non-governmental organizations were founded, such as: CHIMECO, Terra Nostra, UNEP, etc. The projects with great impact for science and society, accomplished by the DIEC staff, were supported by different international foundations - SOROS, ACS, UNDP, UNEP, CRDF, Tacis, REC- Moldova, Novib, GTZ etc. Strong scientifi c collaborations were established with the researchers from USA, France, Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Armenia, etc.
În 2008, a avut loc darea în exploatare a gazoductului Bălţi-Ungheni, în prima etapă de implementare, iar în 2009, s-a finalizat cons- truc ţia acestui gazoduct. Gazoductul permite ca, mai mult de 140 de localităţi săteşti din partea de nord-vest a Repu blicii Moldova, care intră în com ponenţa raioanelor Sângerei, Făleşti şi Ungheni, să beneficieze de posibilitatea de a se racorda la reţeaua de gaze. Totodată, prin această acţiune, se urmăreşte creşterea securi- tăţii energetice a ţării. În perspectivă, funcţio- narea gazo ductului Bălţi-Ungheni va permite interconecta rea sistemului naţional de gazo- ducte la sistemul Uniunii Euro pene prin Iaşi şi asigurarea unei surse alternative de livrare a gazelor naturale. Odată cu extinderea reţelei de gazoducte sporesc şi datoriile faţă de Gazprom. Astfel, datoria totală a companiei „Moldo- vagaz”, la începutul anului 2009, constituia 1,343 miliarde de dolari SUA, iar datoria Transnistriei faţă de Gazprom era de 640 milioane dolari SUA. Tot în acest an, la 23.12.2009, este adoptată Legea nr. 123 din 2009 „Cu privire la gazele naturale”. Aceasta, de f apt, înlocuieşte legea din 1998 şi propune instituirea unui cadru legal pentru funcţionarea eficientă a pieţei gazelor naturale şi desfăşu- rarea activităţilor sectorului de gaze, în condiţii de competitivitate şi transparenţă, cu respecta- rea normelor de calitate, de securitate şi de protecţie a mediului, cu satisfacerea cerinţelor incluse în directivele Uniunii Europene.
In order to estimate the fractions of graphite and cementite eutectics, it is assumed as a first approximation that isothermal conditions prevail for the eutectic transformation (figure 3) and that the nucleation of eutectic cells is instantaneous, with a constant density ratio of N/N c = 10 .
Intermetals are creep-resistant materials with unique properties intermediate between the properties of metals and ceramics. Their low density, high strength and resistance to oxidation, combined with sufficient ductility and fracture toughness, make them an attractive material for machine elements operating at elevated temperatures and in corrosive environments. Intermetallic phases based on Fe and Al (called intermetallics) are intermetallic compounds very interesting in terms ofthe technological properties, which combine the properties of metals and ceramics. From the Fe-Al phase equilibrium diagram it follows that the widest use could have two phases: FeAl and Fe 3 Al. Of these two phases, more useful seems be the FeAl
Nanoparticles as a new generation of materials are used in many fields. The basic methods for their preparation are the top- down and bottom-up techniques. The essence ofthe top-down technique consists in grinding the material to particles with nano dimensions, while the bottom-up technique assumes making structures from molecules or single atoms [1,2]. According to a method recently developed, the nanoparticles of metal oxides are produced through anodic dissolution of metals . There are also thermal methods of obtaining metal nanoxides [4-7].
In the early 2000s Moldovan science experienced stagnation. Moldovan state funded the science just to a survival level causing the intensive migration of researchers from scientifi c institutions, including Academy of Sciences ofMoldova. A new concept in research and innovation branch was needed. In that diffi cult period, in the leading position ofthe Academy of Sciences ofMoldova was elected young Acad. Gheorghe Duca. A new era began in the development of science and technology. Acad. Gheorghe Duca contributed to the revival and modernization of research: development and promotion ofthe Code for Science and Innovation ofRepublicofMoldova, which contributes to strengthening the scientifi c forces and democratization of science.
Rebonding of sand mix is a common practice in foundry engineering. The sand mix contains used sand whose grains are already coated with the rebonding material. Rebonding ofthe used sand [3,4] involves disintegration of grain agglomerates and uniform distribution ofthe rebodning agent in the entire volume ofthe sand mix batch, coating of sand grains with the rebonding agent and activation of thus formed coating. Turbine (rotor) mixers are now in widespread use as they feature high efficiency and short mixing cycles.
The opinion ofthe influence ofthe temperature of casting on the size ofthe volumetric contraction, the studied grades ofthe bronze, it was conducted on the basis ofthe size of contraction cavity on section along the axis ofthe probe TDAg. The opinion of processes setting on the surface of plaster mould and liquid bronze was conducted on station showed on Figure 4. Cylindrical samples were used to investigations, from the studied grades ofthe bronze, about dimensions Ø= 7 mm and h = 7 mm. The sam- ples were smelted in the stream of plasma, created among elec- trodes graphite and tungstic, in the protection of argon.
Thecompetitivenessofthe tourism industry is an equally complex and multidimensional concept (Wong, 2011) and, from the perspective of Bˇalan, Balaure, and Veghes (2009), recent years have seen this become one ofthe concepts most commonly applied to describe approaches to the sustainable development of tourist destinations. Part of this complexity derives from the nature suggested by the definition applied to the tourist destination, correspondingly perceived as a place or a form of a real or perceived boundary, such as the physi- cal borders of an island, political boundaries or even the limitations established by markets (Ko- tler, Bowen, & Markens, 2006). This multidimen- sional nature extends to the countless definitions put forward by many different researchers. Crouch and Ritchie (1999), Heath (2003) and Bahar and Ko- zak (2007) define tourism competitiveness as the capacity of any destination to provide a high stan- dard of living to the residents in the destination. According to Hassan (2000), this involves the desti- nation’s capacity to create and integrate added va- lue products that sustain its resources while main- taining its market position in relation to the com- petitors. In turn, (C. Kim, 2000) proposes a defini- tion of tourism sectorcompetitiveness that encap- sulates the capacity ofthe tourism market environ- mental conditions, tourism resources, human re- sources andthe tourism infrastructures of a coun- try to generate added value and boost national we- alth. Furthermore, a truly competitive tourist des- tination is that which holds the capacity to raise the amount spent on tourism while attracting and satisfying increasing numbers of visitors, providing memorable experiences and doing so in a profitable fashion while still improving the wellbeing of des- tination residents and preserving the natural capi- tal for future generations (Ritchie & Crouch, 2010). However, Webster and Ivanov (2014) consider that
Richardson with SOR, Chebyshev with Gauss-Seidel and Chebyshev with SOR. The iterative schemes were applied to Banded system, Tridiagonal systems and SPD system with varying dimensions. The Krylov subspace methods: GMRES, QMR, MINRES and BiCGSTAB converged to an approximate solutions less than or equal to the dimension ofthe coefficient matrix for each identified systems of linear equations. Again, Chebyshev and Richardson acceleration methods were the fastest convergence methods in terms of number of iterations. Again, Residual smoothing andthe accelerated gradient schemes should be used for large and sparse systems of linear equations. The acceleration processes were very efficient when solving large and sparse systems of linear equation and therefore useful especially for systems resulting from the solution of partial differential equations.
The nil strength temperature (NST) for the alloy was determined by testing cylindrical Ø 6 x 90 mm specimens on the Gleeble 3800 simulator. S-type thermocouples were pressure welded to the specimens, and then the specimens were fixed in the chamber by means of copper holders. Constant distance of 52.4 mm was kept between the holders. After evacuation of air, the chamber was filled with argon (to 0.14 hPa). Then, the 0.6 – 0.7 kN minimum pre-load was applied and was maintained until the end of experiment. The specimens were heated at the 20 o C/s rate to 400 o C, and then at the 1 o C/s rate. The NST was determined as the temperature at which the specimen lost its cohesion. The NST for the ZRE1 alloy in as-delivered state is 535 o C.
Piotr Pogorzelski, notes in his book ''Ukrainian borsch: from the Soviet state to dignity revolution (2015) '' the gap between the reality that tries to be present on television and real life in Ukraine. Most ofthe TV channels in Russian are an assortment of channels, series or feature films that tell either nostalgia for the Soviet period or the adventures of heroes in post-Soviet period. An efficient Moscow media tool of influence is, what is called, the maintaining of ''myth of community of all post-Soviet states ” (PoРorгelskТ, 2015, p.62). Bв tСТs notТon, polish author considering some Russian melodramatic serials very popular not only in Ukraine or Moldova but throughout all the former Soviet countries forming indestructible concept that people in CIS countries have a common lifestyle, shared a common language of communication and common social problems. In particular there are very popular detective series (such as '' Streets ofthe Broken Lanterns’’ or Gluhari'' the mountain rooster'') and documentaries about the Soviet army andthe brave soldiers fighting in the Second World War.
the population is in fact not different from itself, or if different from itself, then that observation is higher (better, greater), the same as (equal to), or lower (worse, smaller) than all other observations in the sampled population. Their sampled estimates are respectively.
Thecompetitiveness is a crucial strategic factor that characterizes the Economic development of national economy, its sectors and enterprises. In the article we have analyzed and summarized different views of different authors. We have also revealed the main characteristics and conditions that influence the increase in competitiveness through the growing globalization and Economic crisis. We have investigated the role ofthe Economic integration, competition and business climate as crucial factors for increasingthecompetitiveness.
The paper presents a statistical assessment ofthe effect of chemical composition on mechanical properties of hypereutectic AlSi17 silumin, which is expected to act as a counterpart of alloys used by automotive industry and aviation for casting of high-duty engine parts in West European countries and USA. The studies on the choice of chemical composition of silumins were preceded by analysis ofthe reference literature to state what effect some selected alloying elements and manufacturing technology may have on the mechanical properties (HB, R m and A 5 ) of these alloys. As alloying additives, Cu, Ni and Mg in proper combinations were used. The alloy after
environmental practices to shareholders, investors, employees, consumers, local communities, NGOs, thus observing the right to transparency and access to their information. Beyond the quantity of social investments, which is more characteristic, CSR is the way how to do it. Moral dimension, and not only this, measures performance of CSR. Moral dimension is given by the intentions and effects of social programs or actions. Andthe ultimate benchmark of excellence in CSR, transparency- lies behind the intentions and effects (www.responsabilitatesociala.ro). It is important, therefore, that companies know and take into account the impact of their activities on all four areas. There results the importance of communication and transparency in CSR. On one hand, companies must find ways to interact with affected groups, from shareholders and employees to customers and local communities. On the other hand, companies must create tools to provide information on social and environmental impacts of their actions and strategies to these groups.