Fedonkina A.A. Thecategoryofimmaturityin a legalcontext [Elektronnyi resurs] Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie PSYEDU.ru [ Psychological Science and Education PSYEDU.ru ], 2014, no. 3. Available at: http://psyedu.ru/journal/2014/3/Fedonkina.phtml (Accessed dd.mm.yyyy). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.) В настоящее время в нашей стране – в обществе и на уровне законодательной власти – обсуждается возможность снижения минимального возрастного порога уголовной ответственности до 12 лет, поскольку, по мнению законодателя, подобные меры могут способствовать снижению наметившейся тенденции к росту преступности в среде несовершеннолетних, не достигших 14-летнего возраста. Несомненно, изменение минимального возраста уголовной ответственности должно быть научно обосновано, так как без учета специфики психологии подростка сложно прогнозировать последствия подобных решений.
The importance ofthe fiduciary guarantee has not reached its full potential inthe Romanian mark et, nor inthe European area. The ongoing “dispute” between the fiduciary operations (familiar to the continental law) and the trust (with its common -law heritage) seems to be won by the latter. However, considering the express provisions on the fiduciary operations inthe Romanian Civil Code entered into force in 2011, similar to the introduction ofthe same legal instrument inthe French Civil Code in 2007, could give a boost to this ancient tool, present from the Roman era. Even if the European legal framework do not provide many rules on this institution, however, the Financial Collateral Directive raised many questions on how the fiduciary guarantees can be used in practice, and contributed to the change that followed in this area .
ABsTrACT: This was qualitative research performed with 15 nursing professionals of a study cohort on adolescent health, inthe capital of Rio de Janeiro/Brazil. The objective ofthe study was to discuss nursing care strategies for the prevention of STDs/AIDS in adolescence, from the perspective of complexity. A semi-structured interview was used for data collection from January to August of 2012. Grounded Theory was used as the methodological framework. Thecategory “Starting points for the nursing care of adolescents inthecontextof STDs/AIDS” is presented, which discusses aspects related to interdisciplinarity; multidimensionality and speciicities ofthe adolescence-related process, inthe midst of vulnerabilities to STDs/AIDS, thereby revealing the importance of contemplating the phenomenon as delimited by its complexity.
Published in this issue of Radiologia Brasileira, the article “Predictive performance of BI-RADS magnetic resonance imaging descriptors inthecontextof suspicious (category 4) findings” is one ofthe first inthe literature to assess the likelihood of malig- nancy related to MRI findings in lesions classified as BI-RADS cat- egory 4 (5) . In that study, Almeida et al. (5) present consistent meth-
The premise ofthe corporate social responsibility movement is that ‗corporations, because they are the dominant institution ofthe planet, must squarely face and address the social and environmental problems that afflict humankind. However, companies have a choice with regard to the causes they support and how they convey this information. These choices may, or may not, reflect a sincere interest inthe cause (in addition to image-promotional motives). Previous research suggests that consumers assess sincerity inthecontextof consumer–salesperson interaction (DeCarlo, 2005). Campbell and Kirmani (2000) found that when ulterior motives were accessible, consumers inferred an underlying persuasion attempt and the target salesperson were perceived as less sincere. As noted earlier, inthecontextof CSR, the type of cause that the company supports may increase the salience of firm-serving benefits (Forehand & Grier, 2003). Causes that are related with the company‘s business should increase the salience of firm-serving benefits. Today, corporations know that CSR is inextricably linked to how customers make purchase decision ofthe organizations products and service (Ahearne, Bhattacharya and Gruen, 2010). In Ghana, specifically with the telecommunication industry, the business environment is typically competitive, characterized by a legal environment aimed at ethical behaviors on the part of businesses, and societal expectations that businesses should be more ethical and socially responsible. Thus, in decision making processes, companies try to avoid actions that may breach any regulation or negatively impact their reputation in order to avoid consumer dissatisfaction. In Ghana there is an organization that monitors the activities ofthe telecommunication companies inthe country, which is the National Communication Authority (NCA). The telecommunication companies in Ghana are MTN Ghana, Tigo Ghana, Airtel, GLO, Vodafone Ghana Ltd, Airport-Accra, and Expresso Ghana. Previous studies on consumers‘ attitudes on CSR and CSR‘s impact on consumer behavior and consumption decisions are quite general (Becker-Olsen, Cudmore & Hill, 2006; Öberseder, Schlegelmilch & Gruber, ______________________
The regular observation in classes was agreed with the teachers ofthe two classes at the beginning ofthe school year, which takes place in September in France. These observations were conducted throughout the school year, but more intensely during October, January and May. Overall, 40 instrumented observations happened inthe two schools, being 20 in each of them. This article privileges a perspective that seeks to consolidate the processes studied (Beaud; Weber, 2003) to better ob- serve self-regulated initial learning strategies of reading and writing. This selection of observable points performed through a progressive coherence ofthe questioning, the situation and the object, can be il- lustrated by the observation grid (Basso, 2011) used to evoke impor- tant aspects that may help identify self-regulated learning strategies in teaching practice. Therefore, one ofthe data construction techniques used throughout the school year was the instrumentalized observation. With the aid of this grid, three dimensions were observed (teaching, in- teractions and behavior of students) inthe actions of teachers and inthe teaching-learning processes.
dependence from the temperature of casting the bronze to the mould on Figure 6. From the introduced cross - section of casts from the probe TDAg, it results that it together with considerably grows up the depth ofthe contraction cavity with the growth ofthe temperature of casting, and what joins with this executed along its axis the volumetric contraction grows up, especially bronze B555 (Fig. 5a and 6). The bronze B10 is characterizes considerably smaller volumetric contraction (Fig. 5b and 6), however overheated 1180 °C above and cast to the hot plaster mould, inthe conditions ofthe atmospheric pressure, it undergoes strong gassing with what considerable decrease ofthe depth ofthe contraction cavity joins (Fig. 5b 1200 ° C and Fig . 6). Zinc as high active metal inthe relation of oxygen influences the lower- ing ofthe content of gases dissolved inthe bronze B555. Consid- erably larger content Zn inthe chemical composition ofthe bronze B555 (approx. 5%), inthe comparison with the bronze B10 (to 0.5 %), it favours creation on the surface ofthe solidifica- tion bronze ofthe layer of oxides Zn and Cu, inthe composition natural slags about the smaller mass density from the liquid bronze, making difficult chemical adsorption and dissolving the hydrogen and oxygen inthe liquid bronze. Bronze B10 including first of all the admixture approx. 10% Sn, element of little active inthe relation to oxygen, it absorbs from surroundings highly both the hydrogen as and the oxygen, what it brings inthe conse- quence, together with the growth ofthe temperature of casting, to gassing the bronze.
Objective: to identify nurses’ knowledge and practice inthe framework ofthe Family Health Strategy program with regard to social participation in health. Method: qualitative study which had the Family Health Units in a municipality of Minas Gerais as setting. Nine nurses participated inthe study, and they were interviewed individually in July and August 2014. Data were collected and analyzed according to the content analysis technique and interpreted inthe light of Paulo Freire’s ontology and critical pedagogy. Results: the analyzed statements showed that nurses bring along conceptual and behavioral inconsistencies which need to be equalized, so their knowledge and practice can mediate the challenging construction of participatory management in health. Conclusion: an improvement in nurses’ training is suggested, both academically and professionally, aiming at strengthening their political role inthe process of consolidation of social participation inthe Brazilian Unifi ed Health System.
The examined model is a computational solver from the NuscaS system , which is used for simulating thermomechanical phenomena in solidifying castings. It is based upon the heat conduction equation with a source term, solved using enthalpy formulation of solidification . The finite element method is applied for spatial discretization, which allows to obtain a system of matrix equations with the derivative with respect to time. Integration is performed using the two-step Dupont II scheme .
Relative advantage is defined as the extent to which a person views an innovation as offering an advantage over previous ways of performing the same task (Roger, 1983; Agarwal & Prasad, 1997). Because Internet banking services allow customers to access their banking account from any location 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, it provides an enormous advantage and convenience to users (Tan & Teo, 2000). It also gives customers greater control over managing their finances, as they are able to check their accounts easily. Besides, a customer’s Internet experience, his or her banking needs can affect his adoption. As there are more financial products and services, it is expected that individuals with many financial accounts and who subscribe to many banking services will be more inclined to adopt Internet banking. Tan and Teo (2000) has reported that potential adopters of Internet banking services are likely to own multiple banking accounts and subscribe to various banking services. Rogers argues that potential adapters, who are allowed to experiment with an innovation will feel more comfortable with the innovation and are more likely to adopt it. Thus, if customers have the opportunity to try the innovation, certain fears ofthe unknown may be minimized. Government policy could also aid or hinder Internet diffusion (Mbarika, 2002). This is consistent with the national systems of innovation theory that posits that government policies may encourage or mandate technology development and adoption (King et. al., 1994; Wolcott et. al., 2001). Tan and Teo (2000) suggest that the greater the extent of government support for Internet commerce, the more likely Internet banking will be adopted, thus, confirming Goh’s (1995) suggestion that governments can play an interventionist and leading role inthe diffusion of innovation. Potential users in turn would view new applications such as Internet banking services more favorably and hence be more like to use them. Thus, the second alternative hypothesis is:
Arterial ageing is a process that can be quantiied, at least to some degree, by measurement of pulse wave velocity along the aorta, the largest elastic artery, as a marker of arterial stifness. In recent years the new concept of early vascular ageing (EVA) has been developed by a group of mostly European researchers and some reviews have been published. Based on a lecture given at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Meeting in Vienna 2014, this review was written to describe recent developments in research dedicated to EVA and new emerging aspects found in studies of families at high cardiovascular (CV) risk. This brings new perspectives related to genetics, telomere biology, and the role of gut microbiota. Even if EVA has been described in general terms there is still no unifying deinition available and no direct treatment, only recommendations for conventional CV risk factor control. However, a new intervention study (SPARTE) is ongoing in France with a randomised design to treat arterial stifness in patients with hypertension versus conventional treatment strategies. Results are expected in a few years and will be of importance in deining the role of arterial stifness, a core feature of EVA, as a target for treatment.
Prof Alberto Briganti’s presentation began with the case of a 57-year-old male diagnosed with a 4 + 3 bilateral extended prostate cancer. The patient displayed some CV risk factors, including diabetes and obesity. Following staging, the patient appeared to have no systemic disease inthe bone or inthe abdomen and pelvis; however, a prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed a suspicious area of minimal extracapsular extension at the right apex. Prostate-speciic antigen (PSA) levels were 21.6 ng/mL, indicating that he was a high-risk patient. He consequently underwent bilateral extended pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). The inal pathological report revealed that the patient had a Gleason score of 8, 2/21 positive lymph nodes, and a positive surgical margin, with complete recovery of urinary continence at 4 weeks after surgery. Post-surgery evaluation showed that the patient had a PSA of 0.07 ng/mL, had no spontaneous erections, and did not require a protective pad at 40 days.
associated with one or more occupations, which are defined at the 4-digit level. In 2000, individuals with tertiary education are distributed across 493 occupations, of which 104 are inthe groups of managers and professionals. In 2010, individuals inthe sample are distributed into 433 occupations, of which 133 refer to managers or professionals’ occupational groups. Each field of study in columns (1) and (2) of Table A.1 is matched to at least one occupation in managers and professionals categories. Individuals with a bachelor’s degree working in technical, sales, service and administrative support occupations, farming, forestry, and fishing occupations, as operators, manufacturers, and laborers, or in precision production, craft, and repair are classified as having an occupation that does not require this level of education. Thus, individuals inthe sample can work in occupations associated with their fields of study or in occupations unrelated to their degrees, whereas some of those inthe latter group may work in occupations that do not require tertiary education.
The samples were remelted on the surface with the electric arc with the use ofthe FALTIG 315AC/DC apparatus. The single remelting was applied. The treatment parameters were used: amperage ofthe electric arc I = 100 A, speed ofthe electrode movement v=200 mm/min. As the plasma formative gas, the argon was used. The treatment has been conducted at the depart- ment of Foundry and Welding of Rzeszow University of Tech- nology. After the remelting, there has been the conventional tempering done 1x1 hour in a temperature of 200°C for the steel C90 and 2x2 hours inthe temperature of 560 °C for the steel HS 6- 5-2. Parameters of tempering (temperature, time and multiplicity) ofthe tested steels were selected according to the standard PN-EN ISO 4957:2002U. The microhardeness measurements were made with the Hanemanna objective mph 100. The load used was 0,064 N, the operating time ofthe load was 10 s. Metallographic tests were conducted on the optical microscope - Neophot 2 and Tesla BS-340 electronic scanning microscope.
Power demand of a mixing system in a roller mixer is shown in Fig 1. During the mixing cycle the power demand increases with an increase inthe surface area of grains covered with clay-water slurry, accompanied by an increase inthe sand mix resistance. The mixing cycle involves: I- idle run, II- charging of mix components; III- homogenisation; IV- water dosing; V- mixing of wet mix, VI- emptying the mixer.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and results in signiicant social, psychological, and economic costs. It is characterised by progressive cartilage loss, bone remodelling, osteophyte formation, and synovial inlammation with resultant joint pain and disability. Since OA afects the entire joint, it is not surprising that there has been diiculty developing an efective targeted treatment. Treatments available for structural disease modiication are limited. Current options appear to mostly reduce symptoms. Basic calcium phosphate (BCP) crystals represent a potential therapeutic target in OA; they have been found in 100% of knee and hip cartilages removed at joint replacement. Intra-articular BCP crystals are associated with large joint efusions and dissolution of intra-articular structures, synovial proliferation, and marked degeneration as assessed by diagnostic imaging. While BCP deposition has been considered by many to be simply a consequence of advanced OA, there is substantial evidence to support BCP crystal deposition as an active pathogenic mediator of OA. BCP crystals exhibit a multiplicity of biologic efects in vitro including the ability to stimulate mitogenesis and prostaglandin, cytokine, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) synthesis in a number of cell types including macrophages, synovial ibroblasts, and chondrocytes. BCP crystals also contribute to inlammation in OA through direct interaction with the innate immune system. Intra-articular BCP crystals can elicit synovial inlammation and cartilage degradation in mice in vivo. Although intra-articular BCP crystals are diicult to detect at the bedside, advances in modern technology should allow improved identiication and quantitation of BCP crystals. Our article focuses on why basic calcium crystals are important inthe pathogenesis of OA. There is ample evidence that BCP crystals should be explored as a therapeutic target in OA.
customer response times.. Lean manufacturing can also purposed to lean effort and wasting time to increase goal production. By disspeared all 0f them wastes such as time, effort and finance. The company can competition with the other companies. And face uncertaintly inthe future. This terms supported. Wang  Lean manufacturing is the production of goods using less of everything compared to mass production: less waste, less human effort, less manufacturing space, less investment in tools, and less engineering time to develop a new product. furthermore Boczko  said that Lean manufacturing is a generic process management philosophy derived mostly from the Toyota Production System (TPS) as well as other industrial best practices. Lean manufacturing is renowned for its focus on reduction of Toyota’s original ―seven wastes‖ in order to improve overall customer satisfaction . Lean manufacturing has good designed to the company that especially inthe manufacturing field. Furthermore Hansen  described that Lean manufacturing is thus an approach designed to eliminate waste and maximize customer value. It is characterized by delivering the right product, inthe right quantity, with the right quality (zero-defect), at the exact time the customer needs it and at the lowest possible cost . Line manufacturing can be priority by company to reach target achievement production appropriate costumer demand. Cesarony  has opinion that Zero setup times, zero defects, zero inventories, zero waste, producing on demand, increasing a cell’s production rates, minimizing cost, and maximizing customer value represent ideal outcomes that a lean manufacturer seeks.. In other hand lean manufacturing has
Based on the current research of domestic and foreign experts inthe i eld of business intelligence, it has been shown that this area has vast potential but is still relatively unrevealed in some segments of applica- tion. h erefore, it is the challenge for the researchers and the area where signii cant scientii c and profes- sional benei ts can be provided. Innovative research approach to business intelligence is characterized by knowledge and creativity, as well as the use of mod- ern data mining sot ware. Modern scientii c methods analyze the results and oﬀ er recommendations and guidelines for further research.
The work was aimed to determine the influence of aluminium inthe amount from about 0.6% to about 2.8% on the structure of cast iron treated with cerium mischmetal and subjected to graphitizing modification with 75% ferrosilicon. Four experimental melts were held during the investigation. The charge was composed ofthe specially prepared grey iron, containing the basic elements within the presumed limits. While determining the desirable quantity of carbon inthe charge cast iron, two contradicting conditions were taken into account, i.e. that the purpose is to achieve the nodular cast iron (which means that the relatively large carbon amount would be demanded) and that introducing aluminium to the melt results inthe decreased solubility of carbon in cast steel. Taking this into account, it was stated that the quantity of carbon inthe charge cast iron should be maintained within the range of 3.2÷3.4%. It has been assumed that the silicon content inthe charge material should fall within 0.7÷1.0%, as it was during the former investigations. Manganese content was restricted to 0.1% maximally in order to achieve the desired structure with ferrite fraction as high as possible. It has been also assumed that the content of both sulphur and phosphor should be at the possible lowest level.