Top PDF Characteristics and consequences of psychopathic domestic violence

Characteristics and consequences of psychopathic domestic violence

Characteristics and consequences of psychopathic domestic violence

Za razliku od porodi~nog nasilja nepsihopata, koje je obi~no reaktivno, vezano za stvarne ili per- cipirane povode i visoko emocionalno uzbu|enje nasilnika, nasilje psihopata u porodici,[r]

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Ciênc. saúde coletiva  vol.22 número9

Ciênc. saúde coletiva vol.22 número9

Abstract This article analyzes data regarding ca- ses of domestic violence treated by the emergency services through the following: the sociodemogra- phic characteristics of the people who were treated; the events themselves; the evolution of care (from childhood to old age by gender); and the factors that differentiate cases of domestic violence com- pared to those committed by non-family mem- bers. Data from 24 Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District were analyzed, comprising 86 emergency services: a total of 4,893 individuals were surveyed. Of those people who were treated by emergency services, 26.6% suffered domestic violence: 40.0% were children/adolescents, 57.2% were adults and 2.8% were elderly. The adjusted model, which compared victims of violence com- mitted by other family members with those who were not family members, showed that males were less likely to suffer from domestic violence; those that had fewer years of education were at increa- sed risk; and that women were more likely to com- mit domestic violence compared to the category of “both genders”. This study reinforces the fact that health sector professionals need to be able to deal with domestic violence by providing support, per- forming good practices, abiding by care protocols, taking care of injuries, and facilitating access to other services.
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Domestic violence against women according to the viewpoint of family health strategy teams           /            Violência doméstica contra a mulher na percepção das equipes da estratégia saúde da família

Domestic violence against women according to the viewpoint of family health strategy teams / Violência doméstica contra a mulher na percepção das equipes da estratégia saúde da família

Results from other studies showed a high percentage of associated violence, mostly physical and psychological violence, with significant death threat indices, highlighting that fear, physical aggression and constant threats in a woman’s life are associated with impotence, guilt, and submission according to the situation. In turn, psychological violence has generated lasting consequences, changing the self-esteem and personality of women who experience the context of violence. In the meantime, domestic violence against women runs through the violation of laws and [...] the woman complains about something, the husband
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THE CHILD VICTIM OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: LIMITS AND CHALLENGES FOR NURSING PRACTICE

THE CHILD VICTIM OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: LIMITS AND CHALLENGES FOR NURSING PRACTICE

Objectives: Identify the factors for the occurrence of domestic violence against children and its biopsicosocial and to give subsidy to think about nurse´s limits and challenges in the situation. Method: It is a bibliographic exploratory research, with qualitative approach. The literature review was performed in BDENF 2003 to 2007. The final sample had based on 14 publications selected and were analysed based upon Content Analysis. Results: After Content Analysis, three categories emerged: The dichotomy: domestic violence and healthy family environment; Disease in children: psychosocial consequences for development and; Vocational training: the unpreparedness of the theoretical and practical nurse, face to domestic violence against children. Conclusions: The nurse inserted in the multidisciplinary team should be sensitive, to be able to listening and understanding, works with prevention focus, identification and notification of cases, victims´s treatment and protection. In this sense, it is important to take care of a human being in any situation, showing how important is to take care for a human being in any situation, specially in a unbalanced one. Descriptors: Domestic violence, Child, Nursing.
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Rev. Saúde Pública  vol.51

Rev. Saúde Pública vol.51

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006. he maternal educational practice has been assessed by the Parent-Child Conlict Tactics Scale and the intimate partner violence by a questionnaire adapted from the Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence of the World Health Organization. Intimate partner violence referred to the last 12 months and was deined by speciic acts of psychological, physical, and sexual violence inlicted to women by the partner. he crude and adjusted prevalence ratios were estimated for the association studied, using log-binomial regression.
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J. Pediatr. (Rio J.)  vol.85 número5 en v85n5a11

J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) vol.85 número5 en v85n5a11

A semi-structured interview was administered by medical students involved in undergraduate scientiic research and by pediatric urologists. The interviews were conducted in an air-conditioned medical ofice. First, the interview was done with the child or adolescent while one or more guardians were also present; during this phase, demographic data were collected (e.g. identiication of the people who lived with the patients, their age and educational level, etc.) with the purpose of deining their characteristics. Next, the instrument was administered to the patient alone in an environment adequate to the performance of playful activities. During this second phase, data related to domestic relationships, circumstances and characteristics of the domestic violence and people involved in the aggressive events were collected. The patients were stimulated to make free drawings on blank sheets of paper using color pencils.
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Rev. esc. enferm. USP  vol.49 número1

Rev. esc. enferm. USP vol.49 número1

Objective: To analyze the social representations of the Nursing Technicians and Community Health Agents about domestic violence against women. Method: A qualitative study carried out in the city of Rio Grande, RS, in which evocations and interviews were collected between July and November 2013. For the treatment of data were used the EVOC 2005 software and the context analysis. Results: It is a structured representation, in which the central nucleus contains conceptual, imaging and attitudinal elements, namely: abuse, aggression, physical aggression, cowardice and lack of respect. Such terms were present in the context of the interviews. he professionals acknowledged that violence is not limited to physical aspects and were judgemental about the acts of the aggressor. Conclusion: his knowledge may enable the problematization of the studied phenomenon with the team, and facilitate the search for prevention and intervention strategies for victims, ofenders and managers of health services.
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Cad. Saúde Pública  vol.30 número6

Cad. Saúde Pública vol.30 número6

Given this view of violence against women, the practices of these professionals in caring for victims take an essentially clinical focus, priori- tizing the treatment of physical injuries while overlooking or failing to sufficiently contem- plate the subjectivity and complexity of these situations. They do not always approach or are oriented to act with the individuals involved in these situations: the woman, the children, and much less the aggressor. Aggressors are rarely approached, and even then with a police view, taking a punitive approach to the case, showing that the health professionals mainly associate domestic violence with law enforcement in the belief that the police and courts should solve the issue. In short, in the view of the interviewees, intimate partner violence is only a matter for the social worker and psychologist, as well as the po- lice and courts. In fact, the study showed that the psychologists were more sensitized than their colleagues from other health specialties to take a more appropriate approach to women in situa- tions of intimate partner violence.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.22 número3

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.22 número3

An understanding between social relationships of production and access to material goods determine life in society, however, they are not suficient to explain some phenomena occurring in the construction of social subjects. The gender category is able to illuminate the phenomenon of violence by bringing major advances in the theoretical and practical framework of health and nursing. Gender perspective, as a guiding praxis of health care, enables the overcoming of contradictions and transforming of reality (9) . In addition it ampliies the
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Domestic violence and perinatal mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Domestic violence and perinatal mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

What Do These Findings Mean? These findings suggest that women with high levels of symptoms of perinatal mental health disorders—antenatal and postnatal anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder—have a high prevalence and increased odds of having experienced domestic violence both over their lifetime and during pregnancy. However, these findings cannot prove causality, they fail to show a two-way association (that is, perinatal mental health disorders leading to subsequent domestic violence), and no information on other perinatal mental disorders, such as eating disorders and puerperal psychosis, was available. The variation of the quality of the included studies also limits the results, highlighting the need for high- quality data to suggest how maternity and mental health services could address domestic violence and improve health outcomes for women and their infants in the future. Nevertheless, this study emphasizes the importance of identifying and responding to possible domestic violence among women attending antenatal and mental health services.
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Characteristics of sexual violence against adolescent girls and adult women

Characteristics of sexual violence against adolescent girls and adult women

The vulnerability of adolescents to sexual crimes sug- gests that they require the same legal protection mea- sures that are applied to children, the high rate of intrafamilial sexual abuse provides supporting evidence for this need. However, this study found a significant proportion of adolescents face sexual violence in situa- tions similar to those experienced by adult women, something that has been less frequently reported in the literature. This seems to be characteristic of urban situa- tions, consistent with the prevalence of perpetrators unkonwn the victim, who approached or threatened the victim in public spaces.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.15 número especial

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.15 número especial

This is a qualitative study that aimed to know and analyze the social representations of social workers regarding the assistance to the child and adolescent, victims of domestic violence. The data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews and participant observation. The data analysis was based on the hermeneutic-dialectic perspective. The empirical categories that emerged from the subjects’ representations were: “lack of policy”, “do not support because have not received support”, and “social assistance” whereas the political economic aspect was highlighted as determinant of violence; the cultural aspects, perpetuating a cycle of violence in the families. An important step must be taken is the formulation of public policies directed to all children and adolescents and not policies of exception, directed only to those who are in situation of “social and personal risk”.
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Cad. Saúde Pública  vol.22 número2

Cad. Saúde Pública vol.22 número2

The primary sampling units were census tracts and the secondary units were households. Cen- sus tract selection probability was proportion- al to the number of households existing at the time of the population census. Aimed at re- specting the self-weighting principle, the sec- ond stage sampling fraction was specified as a function of the ratio between the mean size and number of households per tract. From a target population of 24,426,350, a total of 26,003 indi- viduals were sampled, belonging to 11,204 oc- cupied households. Specifically, the study’s tar- get population concerns women from 15 to 69 years of age with some type of stable hetero- sexual relationship, including married women and those living with a partner at the time of the interview, as well as those with some inti- mate relationship lasting a month or more in the 12 previous months. With the sample, this figure is estimated to correspond to 70.5% of the women 15 to 69 years of age in the popula- tion. The number of women actually tapped in the analysis is shown city-by-city in the first table in the Results section. The overall mean percentage of missing data was 6.3%, varying from 3.8% in Fortaleza to 9.9% in Rio de Janeiro. Still, using as a premise the known proportion of stable relationships in women who were ac- tually interviewed, it is possible to project an overall 4.4% of missing data among the eligible women, with the extremes also belonging to the two cities cited above (2.8% to 6.9%, respec- tively).
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Domestic Violence: Women’s Profile With Social Care

Domestic Violence: Women’s Profile With Social Care

Abstract. The profile of women having suffered domestic violence is presented. It is based on a study made on 297 women who receive social care from the Valencia Council. 37,3% of the women in this group has suffered domestic violence. The profile of these women, compared with the ones belonging to the same group who don’t suffer domestic violence, is characterized by the following features: non-gypsy ethnic group, one-parent familiar struc- ture, marital status separated, several previous sentimental relationships, and psychological problems. In other features which characterize the women receiving social care, like stu- dies level, labour situation, familiar and non-familiar support, no significant differences where appreciated. Based on the present information’s, advise on prevention and communi- ty intervention is considered.
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Intimate partner violence against women and healthcare in Australia: charting the scene

Intimate partner violence against women and healthcare in Australia: charting the scene

benefited from the state’s first female Police Com- missioner, who made strengthening police IPV procedures a priority. In consultation with local DV services, she and her staff: increased police training around IPV; brought in an arrest policy for perpetrators; piloted women remaining in the family home and removing the perpetrator; im- proved community policing; data collection; and consultation with DV services. Victoria has spe- cial DV magistrate courts, similar to ‘Delegacias Especializadas de Atendimento à Mulher’ – DEAM, in Brazil, where women can seek urgent interven- tion orders to keep perpetrators away; a Women’s Legal Service; court support for disempowered victims; an Immigrant Women’s DV Service and specialist refuges and services for indigenous wom- en. Nevertheless, these strategies are often imper- fect and perpetrators are not jailed until they breach an intervention order and this is common. A Victorian strategy in the whole of govern- ment approach is an effort to ensure that all ser- vices (legal staff, police, refuge and family vio- lence services staff and health workers) were trained with the same IPV concepts. Also that they understand the evidence about major risk factors and evidence-based strategies, through being involved with the ‘Family Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Management Strategy’ 28 . The
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Esc. Anna Nery  vol.19 número2

Esc. Anna Nery vol.19 número2

Objective: To describe the cases of violence against the elderly in the city of Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil. Methods: A descriptive study that analyzed 189 open investigations documents from May 2012 to May 2013, the Department for Assistance to Vulnerable Groups. Results: From the valued investigations in the period, there were 112 investigations (66.3%) related to violence against the elderly. Of these, 70.5% were opened by police reports, predominantly psychological violence (40.2%), at home (96.4%) during the morning (35.7%) and in the northern area of the city, (33.0%). Most were against women (65.2%) aged 60-69 years old (50.9%), retired (73.2%), with primary education (66.1%). The most frequent abusers were their children (54.4%), men (74.1%), with more than 40 years old (50%), unemployed (61.6%), with primary education (62.5%) and using suspicion drug (18.8%) charged in most cases (83.9%). Conclusion: The indings show that violence is associated, due to the overlapping socio-demographic factors and subsidize the need of scientiic knowledge on the subject, and improvement of public policies to ensure quality of life of elderly.
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WOMEN'S MEMORIES AND THE ACCESS TO INFORMATION IN COMBATING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

WOMEN'S MEMORIES AND THE ACCESS TO INFORMATION IN COMBATING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

research emphasizes the relevant aspects of CRMEB as informational unity, which evokes, through multiprofessional service, memories about the violence suffered by its users, in order to find juridical, social and psychological alternatives that can culminate in the emancipation of these women. Thus, the application of this study is relevant because of the multidimensional deepening of the information’s role to women in domestic violence situation and, especially, to evaluate the possible relation between the recognition of rights and citizenship by these women and the preservation of their lives.
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Simultaneous Determination Of Adjusted Ranks Of Sample Observations And Their Sums And Products

Simultaneous Determination Of Adjusted Ranks Of Sample Observations And Their Sums And Products

Abstract: This paper proposes a systematic method for the simultaneous determination of adjusted ranks of sample observations and their sums and products adjusted for possible presence of tied observations in the sampled populations for use in further analyses. When computations involving paired data sets, as in the computation of the Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient, this procedure intrinsically obtained the sums of ranks, products of ranks and sums of squares of ranks, automatically adjusting these sums for more accurate results. The proposed method is illustrated with some data and used to estimate ties adjusted Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient and the bias that would have arisen if there were no adjustments for ties in the sampled populations.
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Operating characteristics of turbine mixers based on the analysis of power demand of the mixer’s drive

Operating characteristics of turbine mixers based on the analysis of power demand of the mixer’s drive

Power demand of a mixing system in a roller mixer is shown in Fig 1. During the mixing cycle the power demand increases with an increase in the surface area of grains covered with clay-water slurry, accompanied by an increase in the sand mix resistance. The mixing cycle involves: I- idle run, II- charging of mix components; III- homogenisation; IV- water dosing; V- mixing of wet mix, VI- emptying the mixer.

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Should health professionals screen all women for domestic violence?

Should health professionals screen all women for domestic violence?

However, what about women presenting without obvious signs and symptoms of domestic violence—such as a woman who comes to the clinic for assessment of an upper respiratory tract infection? Should such women be prompted to disclose whether they are being abused? The woman who is not being abused will answer to that effect, and the appointment can carry on. But for the woman who is experiencing violence, who has not volunteered this information, several factors must be considered. An important issue is whether she is ready—both psychologically and in terms of taking specifi c actions—to confront the issue. A number of excellent qualitative studies have examined the process that women undertake in acknowledging that they are “victims” of “abuse” and embarking on the often long and diffi cult journey to avoid, reduce, and ultimately stop the violence in their lives [16,17]. Given the enormousness of that task, the key question becomes the extent to which prompting disclosures of abuse through universal screening will actually help women in this process, and help them in a way that they fi nd meaningful.
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