Top PDF Civil society and globalization: rethinking the categories.

Civil society and globalization: rethinking the categories.

Civil society and globalization: rethinking the categories.

parece, uma vez abandonadas as restrições ao papel do governo e com a intervenção mais direta do sistema político, desfez-se a confi- ança vertical construída no modelo mais antigo. Isso repercutiu na confiança horizontal, para usar a linguagem de Putnam. Essa análise parece confirmar as descobertas do modelo do direito reflexivo e da idéia da “continuação reflexiva do Estado de Bem-Estar” como fun- damentais para a manutenção da vitalidade de uma sociedade civil. O modelo que desenvolvi com Arato adotou explicitamente o pressu- posto do Estado soberano como objetivo e referente fundamental. De fato, partimos da premissa tácita de que a sociedade civil e o Estado são contíguos. Presumimos que os indivíduos aos quais se aplicam as prerrogativas de pluralidade, publicidade, privacidade, portadores de direitos subjetivos e objeto de proteções da lei (legalidade) são ci- dadãos do Estado em cujo território e sob cuja jurisdição vivem. E sua atividade cívica tem por finalidade influir nas decisões políticas dos seus respectivos Estados e o propósito de fazê-los responder por tais atos. Partimos do pressuposto de que os cidadãos, como autores e ob- jetos do direito, subordinados à mesma jurisdição e às mesmas re- gras, participam de certa forma de um destino comum. Definimos a cidadania como fundamento para a solidariedade do Estado assisten- cial e da justiça social: “nós” insistimos em afirmar que “nossos” re- presentantes elaboram leis, políticas públicas e regulamentos que propiciam a base social para uma cidadania de peso, para a justiça e a solidariedade social.
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Rev. katálysis  vol.20 número1

Rev. katálysis vol.20 número1

In this direction stand out the analyses related to the political and interventionist dimension of professional work and its contribution to the development of a new hegemony from the bottom-up, based on the interests of the subaltern. In a Gramscian conceptual framework, the categories of hegemony and subalternity, which are dialectically interlinked by politics and expressed in the relationship between the state and civil society (YAZBEK, 2014), cast light on the elucidation of the “molecular ruptures as concrete and material expressions” of the “elevation of knowledge and the critical awareness and protagonism (...) of the subjects or groups with which social service works (LUIZ, 2008, p. 129). The interventionist character of the profession and the necessary mediations between the daily manifestations of the subaltern classes and the direction assumed in the professional ethical-political project become the theme of academic studies. The “pedagogic dimension” of professional practice, systematized by Abreu (2004) based on the Gramscian premise that “any relation of hegemony is necessarily a pedagogic relationship” (GRAMSCI, 1999, p. 44), supports the discussion around the subalternizing and emancipatory pedagogic profiles, related to the action of subjects involved and to the potential fronts in the formation of new individual and collective subjectivities. In this context are highlighted the formative experiences exercised by private apparatuses of hegemony, such as universities, through the socialization and democratization of knowledge produced, its contribution to the strengthening and qualification of the social subjects, for the construction “of a counter-hegemonic project” based on the “reorganization of the subaltern forces” (MARRO, 2010, p. 1), from the perspective of a materialization of the professional ethical-political project.
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Civil Society and Local Development

Civil Society and Local Development

Neoliberal policies that the World Bank describes as ‘pro-growth’ and ‘pro-poor’ has produced not only mass poverty but also made some individuals incredibly rich–the Forbes magazine’s list of billionaires–up from 793 in 2006 to 946 this year. However, the ‘losers’ in the global competition for wealth–or the victims, to be more precise–have not been passive in their response to neoliberal globalization. They have responded by forming and joining a social movement of opposition to these policies., resistance against the dynamics of globalizing capital. This movement has taken diverse forms both in the north and the south. In the global south (societies in the developing world) the movement is based on, and by and large has been led by, the indigenous communities and peasant farmers whose physical quality of life, livelihoods and communities have been the major targets and victims of ‘globalization’. The working class, in both its waged/formal and unwaged/informal forms are also victims. But the capacity of the workers to wage a defensive or offensive struggle has been dramatically diminished over the pas two decades, turning over leadership of the popular movement to the landless rural workers, peasant farmers and indigenous communities.
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The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

This paper evaluates the impact of the 2007 expansion of the Bolsa Família program to families with youths aged 16 to 17 years (entitled Benefício Variável Jovem) on the time allocation of youths and on the labor supply of their parents. A differences-in-differences intention to treat estimator was used to compare households among the poorest 20 per cent with 16 years old youths with households in the same income bracket with 15 years old adolescents before and after the expansion. The results show that granting the benefit had a positive and significant impact on school attendance, helping bridge 25% of the gap in school attendance between rich and poor households, and on the decision of young people to study and work at the same time. The effects on school attendance were stronger for males and when the child was the youngest in the household. No impacts were found on the parents ’ labor supply.
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Rev. esc. enferm. USP  vol.45 número especial 2

Rev. esc. enferm. USP vol.45 número especial 2

Vulnerability is an important concept for Nursing re- search, because it is intrinsically associated with health and heath problems. Knowing people’s vulnerability to infec- ious diseases helps to idenify their health needs, which are marked by sigma, social exclusion, and feelings of fear. In the domain of the Research Group, the scieniic producion was iniiated in the second half of the 1990’s, with the object of study being the expression of AIDS in adults, the analysis of contexts vulnerable to infecion and disease aiming at the individual and collecive di- mensions, deining the vulnerability diagnoses of difer- ent social groups, and idenifying elements that increase and minimize vulnerability (6-12) . The posterior analysis of
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Sociedade e prestação dos serviços públicos de saúde por organizações da sociedade civil de acordo com a Lei 13.01914  Cristiane Catarina Fagundes de Oliveira

Sociedade e prestação dos serviços públicos de saúde por organizações da sociedade civil de acordo com a Lei 13.01914 Cristiane Catarina Fagundes de Oliveira

O trabalho trata das regras jurídicas para prestação dos serviços de saúde por terceiros, explicando as formas de contratação pelo Poder Público por meio de contratos ou convênios, distinguindo-se da contratualização, e analisando o impacto da lei federal 13.019/14 que trata do marco regulatório das organizações da sociedade civil. Os pressupostos de análise são a possibilidade de prestação de serviços de saúde por terceiros, a natureza social da concretização do direito à saúde e a participação da sociedade no controle e organização do Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS. O problema de pesquisa é qual o impacto que a lei federal 13.019/14 terá sobre o papel da sociedade em sua relação com o SUS. Respondendo a esta questão, apesar dos aspectos positivos da lei no incremento dos controles sociais do SUS, a sociedade não será protagonista na efetividade do direito à saúde, como prestadora direta dos serviços de saúde por meio das organizações da sociedade civil, ao contrário, a prestação de serviços de saúde terá um caráter mais empresarial.
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THE ROOTS OF TURKISH CIVIL SOCIETY: THE OTTOMAN PERIOD <br> TÜRK SİVİL TOPLUMUNUN KÖKENLERİ:  OSMANLI DÖNEMİ

THE ROOTS OF TURKISH CIVIL SOCIETY: THE OTTOMAN PERIOD <br> TÜRK SİVİL TOPLUMUNUN KÖKENLERİ: OSMANLI DÖNEMİ

The Ottoman Empire, as one of the largest and most influential states in the history of the world thus far, had a regime where the central authority was very powerful with sole political control of the sultan, who in turn would exercise supreme authority over the state (Pamuk, 2005). According to Inalcik (2000, pp. 17-18), a strong central authority was one of the key factors in the successful and easy expansion of the Ottoman territories towards Balkans, where many kings and feudal lords were in continuous struggle between themselves. The centralised structure was strengthened and institutionalised by Mehmed II, the Conqueror, (1432-1481) as a way to maintain the continuance of the Empire until the 20 th century (Pamuk, 2005, p.27). Under such a structure, it is not easy to talk about intermediary instruments between the central authority and the civil sphere, excluding the mention of some religious and administrative mechanisms. The Devlet, or state, had a superior position under the Ottoman system. The Sultan was head of state and, therefore, the supreme ruler and owner of the whole Empire on behalf of Allah. Although religion was an integral part of the system, to justify the supreme authority of the Sultan in all areas, it was not a theocratic structure and the devlet was always above religion and the religious class system. In this sense, under the Ottoman system, it is not possible to talk about a balance similar to the relation “church and state” in Western Europe. The Ottoman sultan was the religious head of state and of the whole Islamic world, yet his religious function was always secondary as a tool. Sultans had a right to make laws and to lay down regulations out of the Sheri’a (Islamic Law) (Inalcik, 2000, pp. 76-81) as a way to express their sovereignty over all the empire without the direct involvement of the religious class. “Secular laws passed under the Ottoman rulers always carried greater weight than religious law” (Alpay, 2006, p.14). It is important to grasp the strong and centralised state structure of the Ottomans and of the use and the nature of the sultan's sovereignty.
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The Rhetoric of Information Learning in Nursing: Where is Knowledge?

The Rhetoric of Information Learning in Nursing: Where is Knowledge?

sion in a “deliberative model of democracy”.[23 p147] This mode of democracy presupposes that participants understand one another, have similar historical appreciations, share premises, cultural meaning, and ways of speaking and evalu- ating. Young reminds us that in non-deliberative modes of communication, “expressions of passion, anger, depression, fear are often appropriate and necessary to enable people to recognize others in their concreteness”.[24 p129] Olssen[2] infers that a return to education about democratic processes as well as education that is derived democratically is plausible despite the entrenched sphere of the economy in current neoliberal rationalities surrounding education in the 21st century (9). With this position, Olssen[2] implies a ‘holdout strategy’ in hopes of a short life-cycle propagated by the hopeful failures of neoliberal experiences over time. With this ‘holdout strategy’, resistance and a return for more dem- ocratic engagement of the social sphere is comtemplated.[2] However, there is evidence that this is increasingly unlikely. Gibbs[25] describes the resistance to neoliberal doctrine in Venezuela under Chavez, which she coined a “post-neolib- eral phase”, as less than encouraging. Equipped with sub- stantial oil royalty monies, Chavez is experiencing incredible opposition from the neoliberal elites despite the popularity of his programs, including education for the majority of the population. Increasingly, despite adequate funding, a return to a more democratic society similar to social liberalism is implausible due to entrenchment of the elite’s hegemony in control of capital and natural resources, and its potential to invoke foreign military intervention in the name of security. Within the context of neoliberal pragmatism, inite resources, market justice and market ethics, a more autonomous demo- cratic education scheme which emphasizes and embraces autonomous knowledge development among the population is increasingly unlikely.
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Bras. Political Sci. Rev.  vol.8 número3

Bras. Political Sci. Rev. vol.8 número3

Networks have been a central issue in social sciences in recent decades: how they are formed, how do they operate, financing forms, and the results from this coordination. The book corresponds to von Bülow's doctoral thesis at Johns Hopkins University, in the United States, being advised by Margareth Keck. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink co-authored one of the most influential articles under the theme of social movements and their transnational activities (Keck and Sikkink, 1998). Von Bülow's text is an application and specification of this larger project from Keck, in the tropics. The author analyzes the formation of transnational networks in the Americas and focuses on civil society organizations and movements based in Brazil, Chile, United States, and Mexico.
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The associative forms in Romania following the new Civil Code, republished in 2011

The associative forms in Romania following the new Civil Code, republished in 2011

that a non-profit entity “that administers a pension insurance fund destined to complete a basic mandatory regime, regulated by the law with a non-compulsory character and functioning according to the principle of capitalization, represents an enterprise in the sense of art.85 and the following of the treaty. The non- compulsory affiliation, the application of the principle of capitalization and the fact that the services depend only on the value of the paid contributions of the beneficiaries and the financial results of the investments made by the entity responsible for the administration of the fund, imply the fact that this entity performs an economic activity, being in competition with the life insurance companies. The persuit of a social character, the absence of the non-profit purpose, the solidarity comandments, or those norms concerning especially the restrictions to which the administration entity is subject to when it comes to achieve the investments, do not erase the economic character of the activity performed by the administration entity.” 35
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Noble Estate Self-Government in Russia: Between the State and Civil Society

Noble Estate Self-Government in Russia: Between the State and Civil Society

Shcherbatov, 1896 – Shcherbatov M.M. Primechaniya vernogo syna otechestva na dvoryanskie prava na manifest [Notes faithful son of the fatherland in the nobility of the right to manifest] // Sochineniya [Works]. T. 1: Politicheskie sochineniya [Political writings] / pod red. I.P. Khrushcheva. St. Petersburg, 1896, stb. 269 –334 [in Russian].

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Brazilian public administration: shaping and being shaped by governance and development

Brazilian public administration: shaping and being shaped by governance and development

The pace of the reforms slowed down with the incorporation of MARE into the Ministry of Planning in the end of 1990s and the change in the political group governing the country in the end of 2002. The more statist Lula government (2003–2010) halted some of the market reforms and embraced ‘developmentalism’, promoting a larger role of the State in the economy. He prioritized state led development with a larger role of state companies and scaled up a series of popular social programs (e.g., ‘Bolsa Familia’, the most known) reducing poverty and inequality in the short term. The number of employees of the federal administration and weight of personnel in the budget increased gradually during Lula’s rule. However, some of the previous trends continued, such as outsourcing of certain services to ‘social organizations’, particularly those with close links to politicians through personal or ideological connections. Nevertheless, managerial reforms continued in some of the states and municipalities. They became common language in the Brazilian administrative environment. Dilma Rouseff’s government (2011–2016), who was appointed by Lula to run for president, and succeeded him, kept some of the trends in the Lula’s reforms. She made some important reforms in the public employees’ pension schemes (for new entrants) reducing long- term budgetary impacts, but the state size continued to grow steadily. Her impeachment in 2016 and the economic crisis in 2014–2015 brought another period of economic and political instability. The new government led by Michel Temer (who was Rouseff’s Vice-President) has taken drastic measures to reduce the growing public deficit and new reforms were suggested to make further changes in public employees’ pension schemes, alongside the changes in the general social security system (INSS). The former group no longer will have special regime in their pension systems, except for certain groups (e.g., military). Nevertheless, states and municipalities’ tax revenues were heavily impacted by the economic crisis, which also showed the problems faced by several subnational entities. Many were not able to reform their public administrations timely and are facing huge challenges.
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Os alimentos geneticamente modificados no contexto da globalização e da sociedade de risco / Genetically modified foods in the context of globalization and the risk society

Os alimentos geneticamente modificados no contexto da globalização e da sociedade de risco / Genetically modified foods in the context of globalization and the risk society

The current global scenario of globalization and biotechnological revolutions has generated repercussions in the most diverse areas of modernity, even reflecting on the production of food. In this perspective, genetically modified or transgenic foods appeared. Originating from the incorporation of genetic engineering techniques to food, they can be considered the result of a biotechnological package introduced in agriculture by the green revolution, symbolizing the advance of science in an increasingly consumerist society, and translating a need for mass production with saving time and money. The objective of this work was to highlight the conjuncture of the emergence of genetically modified foods. As a result, it was observed that these foods are a product of the globalization process and the risk society. Thus, due to insecurity and the dangers linked to the emergence of new technologies, caution is required in their use and respect for environmental demands.
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Bras. Political Sci. Rev.  vol.11 número1

Bras. Political Sci. Rev. vol.11 número1

Attempts to democratize international organizations face the characteristic complexity of international politics: absence of global governance, complex interdependence, and increased levels of interaction between state and non-state actors. Therefore, analyzing and operationalizing democratic accountability has become a complex task for these organizations (KEOHANE, 2006; NYE, 2001; WOODS and NARLIKAR, 2001). This article sustains that the concept of social accountability can be appropriate to develop empirical studies on the accountability of IOs. This concept emerged from the democratic experiences of Latin America, characterized by the weakness of traditional accountability mechanisms (such as elections and checks and balances). These experiences have shown the role of played by organized sectors of civil society seeking to exercise influence and control over those responsible for decision- making. These actors can activate a network of intrastate control agencies (PERUZZOTTI and , 2002, p. 02). In international politics, the weakness of existing accountability mechanisms can also be compensated for by the actions of civil society, which is manifested in the defense of collective interests and contributes to reducing the gap between IOs and the citizens of the national states, as pointed out by Robert Dahl (1994) when discussing the experience of European integration in the early 1990s.
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LIBERALISM AND GLOBALIZATION

LIBERALISM AND GLOBALIZATION

The marginali sts had limitations and ambiguities among which: ”the vision of the market is that of a mechanical entity inside which individual uncoordinated actors step in …and the information circulating among them lead to the adjustment of the equilibrium”.(Beaud, Dostaler, 2000).We realize that conceiving the market in this way the marginalists lay accent too much on subjectivity in the economic analysis and attach an exaggerated importance to psychology and individual behaviour; they overrate the micro-economic analysis and the statistics to the detriment of the macro-analysis and dynamism; the absolutization of consumption and demand led them to underestimate production and offer in the market economy; the elimination of the social and political issues from the object of study of economy led them to ignoring certain phenomena such as the crises, the battle for markets, the wealth and income inequities, the social conflicts, the influence of the monopolies promoting a conservatory ideology favouring the capital. (Moldovanu, 2003).By generalizing the voluntary unemployment, the marginalists reached the “inefficiency of the fiscal and monetary policy in fighting unemployment”.(Samuelson, Nordhaus, 2000).
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Privacy and surveillance in the digital age: a comparative study of the Brazilian and German legal frameworks

Privacy and surveillance in the digital age: a comparative study of the Brazilian and German legal frameworks

The exchange of data is regulated through several mechanisms in Germany. Member States of the European Union are treated like German authorities and the exchange of data with non-EU countries is only permitted if the concerned person does not have interests requiring protection. On the European level, the Prüm Convention enables the signatories to exchange data regarding DNA, fingerprints and vehicle registration. The international exchange of data and information gained from surveillance is allowed under three preconditions: a valuable security issue, a comparable level of data protection and reciprocity. Brazil has concluded a number of Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLATs) with different countries to facilitate the process of obtaining evidence for criminal investigations or prosecutions. The countries with which Brazil has MLATs include the United States, Spain, France, Peru, Portugal, Canada, Cuba, Colombia, China and South Korea. The authority responsible for making and receiving requests on these treaties is the Ministry of Justice.
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Rev. Adm. (São Paulo)  vol.47 número3

Rev. Adm. (São Paulo) vol.47 número3

These differences in design and practice give rise to relec- tions on the second point proposed for these inal thoughts. The system of social relations constructed by Banco Palmas (and that CDBs generally try to build) points toward a different grasp of economic relations, which are regarded as being subsumed in community relations, trust and solidarity. These relations give meaning to the creation and functioning of CDBs, so that eco- nomic operations become a means, rather than an end in itself. The very fact that CDBs invest to support the establishment of local solidarity economics networks points to a vision of con- currently developing local supply and demand, besides credit concerns. Supply, for example, is constructed by supporting the establishment of solidarity enterprises and the inancing of productive activities and services that represent actual local de- mand, as expressed in public discussions held in the appropriate public arenas, such as the meetings of the Local Economic Forum (FECOL). Demand is made possible by lines of credit for con- sumption and by the social currency that reinforces the habit of local neighborhood consumption among residents. Therefore, we believe that the Banco Palmas approach to economic restructur- ing falls within the universe of a pluralistic solidarity economy. The concept of a plural or substantive economy expands when it is “understood as the set of phenomena arising from Figure 5: Where Conjunto Palmeiras Residents Go Shopping
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Linking biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in India.

Linking biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in India.

harvested forest products for centuries for their own use and more recently for markets. The interrelated issues of livelihood enhancement of the Soligas and biodiversity conservation have been at the heart of ATREE’s work in BRT for close to a decade—along with a partner non-governmental organization, the Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra; a local community organization, the Soliga Abhivrudhi Sangha; and the Karnataka Forest Department [1]. A detailed understanding of the drivers that cause forest loss and degradation is the fi rst step toward its preservation. We have used demographic models to analyze changes in population structure of nelli (Phyllanthus emblica and Phyllanthus indofi scheri), one of the most important NTFPs in BRT. Nelli is an edible fruit high in vitamin C, extracts from which are key ingredients in traditional Indian medicine, and in cosmetics. Our results indicate that population growth rates, on average, are close to rates that would allow full replacement of individuals. Moreover,
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The trials of winning at the WTO: what lies behind Brazil's success

The trials of winning at the WTO: what lies behind Brazil's success

Traditionally the most hermetic bureaucratic organiza- tion in the Brazilian government, Itamaraty was progressively opened to inputs from civil society and the busine[r]

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The influence of the arc plasma treatment on the structure and microhardness C120U carbon tool steel

The influence of the arc plasma treatment on the structure and microhardness C120U carbon tool steel

After arc plasma electric treatment on the cross section of the surface layer was distinguished two areas with the different microstructure were observed in respect to the parent material. The first area – remelted zone (RZ) and second area – heat affected zone (HAZ). Optical microscopic images of a single track are presented on Fig. 2. The influence of current intensity of the electric arc plasma on the dimensions of RZ and HAZ are shown in Table 2. With increased current intensity (for fixed speed rate of source = 0,2 m/min) the depth of the RZ increased too.
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