In a competitive business environment, TheEducationalFoundation may decides two strategic business policies related to informationsystem (IS) and information technology (IT) implementation. These are, optimalization of IS/ IT implementation for increasing services quality and its utilization as a core business competitiveness as a whole. However, a strategicplanning for informationsystem (SPIS) is required to implement these business policies. SPIS is a process for determining required IS to support business strategy, so that the strategy concentrates to identify required information and ensuring IS is aligned to business strategy. According to the Ward and Peppard’s approach, some activities of SPIS are conducted by using four main phases such as initiation, assessing and understanding the current situation and interpreting business requirement, setting priorities for IS/ IT, and determining IS/ IT strategy. Some analysis, Politic-Economic-Social-Technology (PEST), Boston Consulting Groups (BCG), and Five Forces Porter are used to identify external business environment, SWOT analysis and Value Chain to identify internal business environment.The research resulting a recomendation for organizational development priorities which devided into two related matters, IT Unit establishment and computer based system development for financial, human resource, and infrastructure management.
Institute ofInformation and Communication Technology Exploratory factor analysis was used. As can be seen in Table 2, the condition for using Factor analysis in terms ofthe adequacy ofthe sample and test is the Sameness ofthe variables correlation matrix. As shown in Table 2, The KMO statistic value is equal to 0.854 that shows the adequacy of sampling was good enough. (More than 0.70). Bartlett's test shows that the significance level is equal to 0.001. Therefore, the condition of using factor analysis to analyze the data is established.
Beheshti (2006) defines Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system as “a set of business applications or modules, which links various business units of an organisation such as financial, accounting, manufacturing, and human resources into a tightly integrated single system with a common platform for flow ofinformation across the entire business”. Gracheva (2010) describes Enterprise Resource Planning Systems as software systems for business management encompassing modules supporting functional areas such as planning, manufacturing, sales, marketing, distribution, accounting, financial, human resource, management, project management, inventory management, service and maintenance, transportation and e-business. ERP systems in many organisations are described as a pillar of business intelligence as it offer seamless integration of processes across functional areas with better-quality workflow, standardisation of several business practices and access to real-time up-to-date data (Ehie and Madsen, 2005; Mottaghi and Akhtardanesh, 2010). As a result, companies invest large sums of money on ERP packages and their implementation process (Mottaghi and Akhtardanesh, 2010). Nevertheless, there is extensive confirmation that organisations experience significant problems during theimplementationof these ERP systems. According to Peng and Nunes (2009) theimplementationof ERP is often faced with challenges, difficulties and problems even when thesystem is implemented successfully. Esteves et al. (2003) pointed out that theimplementationof an ERP system is comprehensive, prolonged and expensive process, characteristically quantified in millions of dollars. This view is also supported by Sarker and Lee (2003) who stated that three quarters ofthe ERP projects are considered failures and many ERP projects end-up catastrophically.
1. Experiment findings include evidence that determine students' knowledge and skills regarding notions about anthropometry, costume, product, form and others related to the design clothing. In developing the theme of finding evidence for the experiment took into account the particularities of preparation, the availability and content ofinformation presented. Topics for students as part of their sphere of concern belong to their value system and adapted to their level of knowledge. Inthe experiment of finding knowledge, students have been established at the time of their inclusion inthe process of experimentation. Students were assessed according to three criteria previously established which shall be informed, less informed and current information. It took into account the fact that the questionnaire contains 32 items open type to fit into the category of informed must earn 25-32 points, 15-24 points category less informed and current information category 8-14 points.
Performance measurement system is an instrument that supports better organizational performance. This theme has evolved over time, while systems have become multidimensional and intent on projecting the future. In addition, in an open system logic, the understanding ofthe stakeholders becomes relevant to a performance measurement system. For this reason, thesystem model called Prism de Performance draws attention because it is based on stakeholders. Therefore, this article aims to analyze the perception of public managers who work intheimplementationofstrategicplanning and performance on performance measurement systems, with an emphasis on the Performance Prism. Through a questionnaire data were obtained and analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis statistical model. As a result, it was found that the focus on stakeholders is considered important for a dimension of a performance measurement system and that the Performance Prism is not known by professionals who work with theimplementationofstrategicplanning and monitoring of results, even though the model is applicable to non-profit entities.
The task ofthe experts is to make use ofthe local knowledge, to assess theinformation, to prepare recommendations and to enable the local actors to deal with theinformation and the recommendations. A qualified and accepted expert, though engaged inthe elaboration of specific tasks, is easily – more or less directly – approached by the local government to act as a “house and home” consultant, who is asked to advise the local government in more and more matters of various nature. The risk for the experts exists that they become “occupied” by the client: This will lead – sooner or later – to a situation, when the experts simply can not say no! As long as the responsibilities for political decisions are kept away from the expert, the situation is quite clear and unproblematic. But, if the responsibilities of political decisions are shifted to the experts (“the expert decided and we are just following this recommendation”), the role ofthe experts has to be seen as a very critical one. Any political involvement of experts will endanger the neutrality, the reputation, and therefore the long-term success ofthe consultancy.
This paper proposes improvements on thestrategic aspects ofthe lean construction systemimplementationin contractor companies of Fortaleza/Brazil. It is an exploratory-descriptive study based on qualitative research supported by interviews and observations ―in loco‖. The hypothesis are: 1) the enterprise and production strategies have influence on the results ofthe application of lean construction principles on the productivity increase, cost, losses and labor force reduction; 2) the success ofthe lean construction system impleme ntation depends upon the labors‘ formal education and participation inplanning elaboration. Determinant factors are the high management support and the involvement of human capital with adequate formal education. Resultant contributions are competition power and productivity increase, stability in production processes, labor force requirements delays in activities execution, costs and losses reduction, better organization of working layout area, increase inthe labor force and final clients satisfaction level. As a suggestion of improvement, the contractors should negotiate business deals with strategic suppliers, previously mapped by the value chain. This could leverage gains inthe productive chain. It is suggested for future papers, the development of a systematic procedure capable of interfering inthe alignment level between strategy and lean production.
Before describing the programming phase, there should be reminded a few theoretical facts referring to programming. Programming is a permanent iterative process in which approved planning documents are translated into major programs, subprograms, and subprogram elements for a specific period using available resources. It consists of a range of activities with the final goal to translate strategic plans into specific details in order to execute them over a particular time frame. It is based on analysis of available financial resources, because of their direct correlation.
the needs for being aware of organization's strengths and weaknesses and continuous improvement of productivity. Therefore, today one ofthe major concerns of organizations is achieving a comprehensive, flexible and trustworthy performance management method relying on that they can get adequate information about their current position and having a look at the future, they can learn a great deal from the past mistakes. Reaching the goals depend on the ability of staff in doing their duty. Hence, improving performance and the staff is an undeniable need for organizations and performance management is a tool to reach this goal. Performance management is an approach trying to create empathy between the staff and the supervisors by making a fair systemof evaluating the staff's performance, establishing systems of benefits and rewards based on performance, through which it can align the staff's goals with the organization's and enhance productivity.If performance management with its requirements implemented in an organization, it can identify some ofthe problems and provide practical solutions for them. It has holistic view of people's and organization's performance and creates synergy between the performance of individuals and organizations using certain mechanisms. Performance management is a traditional and classic approach inthe theory of organizations. Despite importance and necessity of performance management in productivity of an organization, the results of many studies reveal that performance management failed to reach this goal. What disabled it in enhancing productivity is lack of emphasis on improving the staff.Strategic performance management is a comprehensive and long-term approach that tries to guarantee profitability and long-term survival by
Romania does not have a clear vision and or mission of quality, proving shortcomings intheimplementationof a strategic management focused on improving results. This emerges easily from studying the documents of Quality Management Working Group, established at the initiative of ENCJ (European Network of Judicial Councils). Other subsequent data, for example the analysis requested by the Government, financed by the European Union and carried out by the World Bank to assess the need for further reform inthe judicial system, noted the same shortcomings. According to the analysis, ˶ a problem encountered at all levels, affecting the functioning ofthe justice sector is the lack of management and a strategicplanningofthesystem. These are not developed in a generalized way at the judicial system's level, and for a country like Romania, this is essential.
Abstract: Concerning the high energy consumption ofeducational buildings in available study; it is conducted to estimate the energy consumption at the Faculty of Humanities (Building No. 2), Science and Research Campus (SRC) ofthe Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran. Auditing and implementing the energy management systeminthe implied building, efforts are finally made to propose managerial solutions towards reducing energy consumption in this building. After gathering data ofthe building, including quantity of energy consumption in a one-year period of study in 2005 and the energy consumption equipment inthe building followed by a detailed data analysis, the overall energy consumption tendency is investigated inthe building. As a result, it is found that the lightening system and electric motors of central heating system consumed the highest level of electricity energy and the highest thermal energy consumption due to boilers. By more analysis ofthe entire data, solutions are suggested for reducing the energy consumption used in lightening, central heating and cooling systems and boilers. A review of all the practical solutions for improving the systems available inthe building showed that regarding the energy management matrix, the energy management systeminthe building stood at zero point, because the building lacked any operating unit under the title of ‘Energy Management’ which could monitor energy consumption at the university. Therefore, it is concluded that the energy efficiency inthe building may be optimized to a certain extent by presenting a system for energy data collection, analysis and systematic implementation as well as a system for collection of basic information about energy-consuming equipment by means of measurement instruments. By providing this system, procedures are presented for optimizing energy consumption and saving inthe building, while a management system and a complete informationsystem are created at the same time. By employing the procedures described inthe present study, 173,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of power as well as 323642 cubic meters of natural gas can be saved per year.
This study aimed to develop a Geographic InformationSystem (GIS), for storage ofinformation and geographic location of apiaries in eight counties in western Paraná; study the local flora; the land used; and the honey productivity inthe harvest of 2010 in two of these areas: Marechal Cândido Rondon and Santa Helena. In order to do so we used the software SPRING, delimiting a radius of action of bees of three kilometers around the apiaries. We interviewed and registered 126 beekeepers with 383 apiaries. By using the images we selected areas with greater and lower overlap of hives in Marechal Cândido Rondon (144 and 44 hives, respectively) and Santa Helena (165 and 40 hives, respectively), in a three kilometers radius, selecting 15 colonies in each area, for the study ofthe parameters cited. Inthe multivariate analysis ofthe grouping, five groups were formed, by their similarity of management, indicating the higher average production inthe hives ofthe most populated area of Santa Helena and lower average production inthe most populated of Marechal Cândido Rondon. The grouping of hives, the differences inthe production of honey and floristic survey indicated that these differences could be associated with management, floristic and climatic differences recorded inthe period of production, inthe areas studied.
Tobacco, alcohol, and betel quid are the main causes of squamous cell cancers ofthe upper aerodigestive tract. These substances can cause multifocal carcinogenesis leading to multiple synchronous or metachronous cancers ofthe oesophagus, head and neck region, and lungs (‘ield cancerisation’). Globally there are several million people who have survived either head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) or lung cancer (LC). HNSCC and LC survivors are at increased risk of developing second primary malignancies, including second primary cancers ofthe oesophagus. The risk of second primary oesophageal squamous cell cancer (OSCC) ranges from 8-30% in HNSCC patients. LC and HNSCC survivors should be ofered endoscopic surveillance ofthe oesophagus. Lugol chromoendoscopy is the traditional and best evaluated screening method to detect early squamous cell neoplasias ofthe oesophagus. More recently, narrow band imaging combined with magnifying endoscopy has been established as an alternative screening method in Asia. Low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) is the best evidence- based screening technique to detect (second primary) LC and to reduce LC-related mortality. Low-dose chest CT screening is therefore recommended in OSCC, HNSCC, and LC survivors. In addition, OSCC survivors should undergo periodic pharyngolaryngoscopy for early detection of second primary HNSCC. Secondary prevention aims at quitting smoking, betel quid chewing, and alcohol consumption. As ield cancerisation involves the oesophagus, the bronchi, and the head and neck region, the patients at risk are best surveilled and managed by an interdisciplinary team.
The metaphysicians of chance point to the probabilistic nature of scien- tiic laws. Such probabilistic laws assert some dependencies and enable us to predict (with a given probability) the future of aggregates or collectives, but not the future of their individual parts. We also meet this kind of unpre- dictability inthe case of human behaviour, individual as well as social. All these data give us evidence that our universe has not been created according to a very detailed and precise plan encompassing all substances and all of their properties. Protons, electrons, and genes, but also species, kinds, and particular human beings, are not part of a divine plan and creative volition (Bartholomew 1984, p. 145). How could it be that God brings about the existence of beings which are purposeless, unpredictable and, as such, not determined by his creative volition? If our non-deterministic universe has a Creator, He does not control every substance and every property, de facto, he is not the Creator of all contingent entities in our world. Thus, divine action consists inthe creation ofthe universe in its initial stage, and the world is such that God need neither act continuously upon that world nor intervene from time to time in order to achieve His aims. God created the world in such a way that His providence does not have to control absolutely every contingent substance at every moment of its existence in order to realize all that divine will wills to be realized.
Microcontroller based living room control system using Bluetooth technology will provide effective and modernized living standard.Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short wavelength UHF radio waves inthe ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485 GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs). Living room control system from mobile is one ofthe most popular forms of wireless control technology. Researchers around the world are continuously improving our life by creating innovative applications of computing for our daily activities. Today, mobile phones come out of work place and are effectively used to communicate and to make our life easier and better than ever. In this living room control system, they are used to control the living room appliances via Bluetooth technology. Being inspired by the widespread use of wireless communication technology, we are proposing a concept of Smart Living Room System that will make our home convenient and smart. In this research,the door ofthe living room opens and closes by using keypad lock system. It is controlled by arduino controller and the status ofthe door is displayed on serial LCD. The control of light bulbs, fan speed, dim light and window angle based on wireless Bluetooth technology and microcontrollerare implemented. Users ofthe living room can interact with the devices by wireless mobile interface via Bluetooth. This system also requires a specialized android apk to control the living room appliances from mobile. Implementationof Smart Living Room system has several advantages. Door security system was built with a keypad that was controlled by arduino. To open the door, user must enter the correct password and if the wrong password was entered, the door will be still locked. It can save the home from entering thieves and strangers.Old and disable persons can manage the living room without using too much effort. As fan speed can be adjusted, users can maintain the room temperature as the desire. User can also vary the lighting ofthe room by using dim light. There isalso a window system that can be opened and closed between 0 and 180 degree as user desire.Furthermore, four light bulbs are also presented and user can switch on and offthem. All the appliances inthe living room can be controlled without using too much energy. It can be controlled easily by mobile from any place ofthe room. While user can’t go to open or close the
Richardson with SOR, Chebyshev with Gauss-Seidel and Chebyshev with SOR. The iterative schemes were applied to Banded system, Tridiagonal systems and SPD system with varying dimensions. The Krylov subspace methods: GMRES, QMR, MINRES and BiCGSTAB converged to an approximate solutions less than or equal to the dimension ofthe coefficient matrix for each identified systems of linear equations. Again, Chebyshev and Richardson acceleration methods were the fastest convergence methods in terms of number of iterations. Again, Residual smoothing and the accelerated gradient schemes should be used for large and sparse systems of linear equations. The acceleration processes were very efficient when solving large and sparse systems of linear equation and therefore useful especially for systems resulting from the solution of partial differential equations.
ABSTRACT: Mobile computing has become an invaluable and inevitable part of teaching and learning ineducational institutions globally. Zimbabwean polytechnics are not spared and those institutions that have chosen to integrate mobile computing with existing teaching and learning applications stand to benefit more than their slow and stagnant counterparts. This paper is investigated whether mobile computing is being used in Zimbabwe Polytechnics. It is based mainly on primary research since no particular research has targeted Polytechnics in Zimbabwe and specifically the Polytechnic understudy in this area, thus a survey was conducted and the survey results were used as the main data source. However, secondary research was incorporated to see what other researchers have found in similar topics the world over. This paper identifies the mobile computing hardware technology, software and communication technologies used at the Polytechnic. It then outlines the achievements made in this area and the associated benefits of such achievements. Finally highlights the challenges currently being faced by the polytechnic in implementing mobile computing and the opportunities the institution can exploit by fully utilizing the technology. The main findings of this research were that Zimbabwe polytechnics in general and the polytechnic in particular have adopted usage of mobile computing to enhance their teaching and learning and administrative activities. There are visible and tangible achievements and benefits that have been realized. Opportunities have been identified which the polytechnic can exploit if it fully embraces mobile computing. However there are some challenges hindering the progress in this regard.
)n the context ofthe cohesion policy, solidarity must represent a support for development . For that purpose, solidarity can be seen as a help for self‐help and its success depends a great deal on the capacity and the training ofthe people to whom the support of making maximum profit out of these addresses to. This support does not mean exclusively financial support, although it is necessary and important but, of all things, it means an exchange of experiences and cooperation, the development of capacity through training, open discussions with the interested factors and last but not least a critic, but a constructive dialogue between the various levels of government: European, national, regional, local. )n other words, a functional labor market should represent a catalyst for the general objective ofthe European Union – social and economical cohesion – because it has in view the connections with the different markets ofthe services and ofthe goods and generates the necessary income for supporting the participation ofthe individuals, bringing them together, placing them in collaborations. )n this context, the starting points for promoting the inclusion through the activities of social economy have in view: adapting the institutional environment, developing the public‐private partnership, developing the social dialogue between players, investments inthe human capital and supporting the exchange of good practices within the European Union.