The universal character ofthe issues ofthe coeval world (without exceptions of countries and regimes); its global nature (as it concerns all life aspects); its rapid and hardly predictable evolution (people face completely new problems); its multidisciplinary character, with powerful and numerous connections; its managerial character (it requires prompt answers, creativity, financial efforts).
Apresenta-se estudo e pesquisa desenvolvido com alunos de cursos de graduação em Pedagogia e Especialização em Formação de Professores, na Universidade do Sagrado Coração, de Bauru,SP, Brasil com aplicação de conceitos e princípios de aprendizagem significativa de Ausubel, de mapas conceituais e de Information Literacy ou competência em informação, na forma de aplicação de guia de pesquisa e de diagrama como organizador cognitivo, especialmente construídos. Os resultados indicaram uma maior agregação de valor à informação e a melhoria da qualidade de práticas pedagógicas, ampliando as possibilidades de exploração dos sujeitos em função de seus estilos cognitivos , podendo-se recomendar a sua incorporação como mais um recurso em ambientes hipertextuais educacionais.
Policy interest has been sparked at a more localised level too. For example, the Government ofthe Balearic Islands is making a major effort to attract such professional teleworkers, not necessarily on a permanent basis, to the Islands. In the UK, many local authorities and development agencies, mainly but not exclusively in rural areas, have sought to kick-start such development through support to various from of ‘tele-cottages’ – centres through which telematics services are made available to a region or locality’s business community (Gillespie et al, 1995). The rationale behind such centres is to provide hands-on experience, demonstrations of what is possible, and, perhaps most importanlty, complimentary services such as advice and training to aid processes of awareness, adoption and use.
The main interest ofthe researcher is to understand at what level the policy and the official discourse is translated in concrete measures that allow an effective and regular use of ICT in the activities promoted at the school level, and if those measures are, in fact, a factor of innovation ofthe teaching and learning processes (Papert, 1993, 1996) and an important impulse ofsociety development in general, values many times proclaimed but not always fulfilled (Cuban, 1993, 2001; Salomon, 2002).
Objective: To analyze the literature on permanenteducation, identifying the conceptual evolution and its application in health services in Brazil. Method: An integrative review ofthe literature was performed. A total of 54 studies written in English, Portuguese and Spanish, published from January 1970 to May 2016 from the databases ofthe Virtual Health Library, were included. Results: Conceptual problematization was highlighted as a contribution to educational actions, indicating a conceptual development ofpermanenteducation in Brazil. However, permanenteducation actions sometimes occur independently from the work process. There are diiculties in understanding and application, with repercussions for health services, revealing that professionals' and managers' commitment is a challenge. Implications for practice: Continuing education is a ield that lacks investments for the transformation ofreality in the health service routine in Brazil.
Although there is in the specialized literature a wide variety of authorized opinions formulated in sphere of conceptual approach ofinformationsociety (Ramsamy, 2010; Webster, 2014; Hilbert, 2015), however it is widely spread the idea that IS is considered to be a society in which the creation, distribution, use, integration and manipulation ofinformation is an economical, political and cultural activity, with high degree of complexity registered at contemporary international community level. In the same time, it is important to note that the driving force ofinformationsociety, essentially consists in digital information and communication technologies, that lead in an irreversible way to explosion ofinformation and profound changes in all aspects of social organization, economics, education, health, environment and administration. Moreover, all members of IS that have the necessary means to participate at this type ofsociety are suggestively called digital citizens.
This article deals with the debate of scientific information access in the context of learning society, questioning its ideological point of view and its political philosophy particularly about the access to the academic scientific information. The text presents a perspective oftheinformationsociety development in Brazil, from the analysis ofthe concept of a global information infrastructure introduced in the early 1990s, and relates the efforts to insert the Brazilian economy in the context oftheinformation network. It criticizes the current model of learning society and proposes a new way to deal with informational competence and with the process of “learning how to learn”. Finally, it shows new questions about the subject, including even the regulation ofthe networks and the need to promote effectively the free access to scientific information.
The opinion ofthe influence ofthe temperature of casting on the size ofthe volumetric contraction, the studied grades ofthe bronze, it was conducted on the basis ofthe size of contraction cavity on section along the axis ofthe probe TDAg. The opinion of processes setting on the surface of plaster mould and liquid bronze was conducted on station showed on Figure 4. Cylindrical samples were used to investigations, from the studied grades ofthe bronze, about dimensions Ø= 7 mm and h = 7 mm. The sam- ples were smelted in the stream of plasma, created among elec- trodes graphite and tungstic, in the protection of argon.
The influence of aluminium (added in quantity from about 0.6% to about 2.8%) on both the alloy matrix and the shape of graphite precipitates in cast iron treated with a fixed amounts of cerium mischmetal (0.11%) and ferrosilicon (1.29%) is discussed in the paper. The metallographic examinations were carried out for specimens cut out ofthe separately cast rods of 20 mm diameter. It was found that the addition of aluminium in the amounts from about 0.6% to about 1.1% to the cast iron containing about 3% of carbon, about 3.7% of silicon (after graphitizing modification), and 0.1% of manganese leads to the occurrence ofthe ferrite-pearlite matrix containing cementite precipitates in the case ofthe treatment ofthe alloy with cerium mischmetal . The increase in the quantity of aluminium up to about 1.9% or up to about 2.8% results either in purely ferrite matrix in this first case or in ferrite matrix containing small amounts of pearlite in the latter one. Nodular graphite precipitates occurred only in cast iron containing 1.9% or 2.8% of aluminium, and the greater aluminium content resulted in the higher degree of graphite spheroidization. The noticeable amount of vermicular graphite precipitates accompanied the nodular graphite.
fication, the data were categorised according to the topics that were addressed in the body of analysis. Categorisation consists of three stages: pre-analysis; exploration ofthe ma- terial; and treatment ofthe results. The first stage, pre-anal- ysis, consisted of skim reading the collected material with the use of exhaustiveness, representativeness, homogene- ity, pertinence, and exclusivity of data. In the second stage, the material from the research was explored and the data were encoded in units of meaning after exhaustive read- ings. In this stage, the categories are built to group the data elements with common characteristics, namely powerful strategies to promote permanent healthcare education ac- tions from facilitating nurses and limitations for the devel- opment of these actions. Finally, the third stage consisted of treating the obtained results by means of interpretation. The protocol ofthe research project observed Resolu- tion No. 466/2012, ofthe National Health Council (12) , and
Before taking the measurements, an anti-reflection coating was applied on the tested gear wheel. The thickness ofthe coating ranged from 0,8 µm do 1,2 µm. The measurements were taken at the Institute of Metrology and Measuring Systems, at Pozna ń University of Technology.
An increasing number of people are accessing websites in search of health knowledge (17). In the US, 74% of adults use the Internet with 8 of 10 users seeking medical infor- mation through online content (18,19). Among these users, 70% report that theinformation found affects their treatment decision (10). In Brazil, a study showed that 44.7% of parti- cipants had performed an Internet search relating to their child’s health (21). Regarding plastic surgery, it has been observed that 34% of sites related to the ‘‘breast augmentation’’ topic presented false or misleading information about the surgical technique, benefits and risks (22). This lack of reliable online literature led the authors to create an application that would provide reliable information to the lay public.
A BSTRACT TheInformationSociety (IS) may be taken as a geopolitical organization which started after the Third Industrial Revolution, having direct impact on the use ofinformation and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The expression arose as techno-social paradigm change in the post-industrial society, aiming to use information as currency to thesociety-in-progress at that time. In Brazil it has become stronger with the Programa Sociedade da Informação no Brasil-Livro Verde, lunched by the Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia, in September 2000 without any discussion with the civil society to formulate the main document. Our main goal in this article is to discuss theInformationSociety in contemporary times, and also the organized and conscious use ofinformation, looking for key-concepts to a better understanding of it, from some topics as digital inclusion-exclusion to the use of digital informational resources.
Santa Clara is located nearby the Universidade Federal da Paraíba and suffers of several ways of exclusion. The Community is placed in the South ofthe João Pessoa city, to the side ofthe Road BR-230, between the residential buildings Castelo Branco I and II and the Jaguaribe River. The Santa Clara Community was born before the construction ofthe building Castelo Branco I, in 1967. For being a slope area, with barriers and stretches of streams, it was considered an inadequate place for living then it was placed by residents from neighbor farms with plantations of subsistence and also domestic raisings. This area was known as “Paul Molhado” and “Beira Molhada”. Formed in an area of big depression and of difficult access, the community does not offer a good physical structure to the ones who live there (NASCIMENTO, 2009, p.69) iii . In order to have access to the Community there are two options formed by slopes without steps or any kind of support, constituting a danger for the residents, mainly for the elderly and children. According to the directory ofthe Residents Association, currently there is in Santa Clara Community about four hundred housings and one thousand eight hundred inhabitants.
their purchasing behavior. The work on CSR and consumer choice could be a new growth opportunity for marketing. CSR initiatives with well-designed targets and high consumer awareness through communication could play an important role in successful marketing. Becker- Olsen et al. (2006) suspected the assumption that consumers will always reward firms for their socially responsible initiatives unselectively. They designed two studies to explore how consumers react to different CSR activities. In addition, they investigated the impact ofthe motivations and time choice of CSR initiatives. CSR activities that do not fit with a fir m‘s expertise have negative impact on consumers‘ attitudes toward a firm and the firm‘s credibility. Firms can be perceived as ―doing good‖ only by addressing selected CSR initiatives. CSR activities with low fitness with a firm are perceived as ―doing CSR business‖ by consumers, and lead to non-positive consumer evaluations. Perceived motivations of consumers have effect on consumers‘ evaluation of a firm and a firm‘s CSR initiatives. If consumers believe CSR initiatives are profit- driven rather than social-driven, then they will assess a firm and its credibility negatively. This leads to a low likelihood of consumers‘ purchase intention. The time of practicing CSR activities matters to consumers‘ assessments. Proactive CSR activities help firms get positive evaluations from consumers. In contrast, consumers regard reactive CSR activities as doing ―CSR business‖. Reactive CSR has non-positive contribution to a firm‘s image (Becker-Olsen et al., 2006).
Put this way, the reader might be left with the impression that the “philosophy ofinformation” is merely philosophy concerning information and an attempt to determine what it is in the same sense that the philosophy of science is philosophy concerning science and what it is, but such an interpretation would be misleading. Given that “information” is a foundational con cept in a way that “science” is not, some have attempted to overhaul the philosophical enterprise by situating information at the forefront of philosophical enquiry, making the philosophy ofinformation a new prima philosophia to take the place of earlier foundational metaphysics, though with varying ontological commitments. Hints of this maneuver are present in Dretske (1981) and specifically stated in Floridi (2011a). Indeed, Floridi points to a crisis at the heart of contemporary philosophy that can only be addressed by looking at information as more foundational than the traditional categories of knowledge and existence. Others, Deacon (2011) for instance, employ the notion ofinformation biologically, mathematically and philosophically simultaneously to address questions regarding the emergence of mind from a physical substrate up to and including consciousness. Others still (particularly, KURZWEIL 2005) opt for far reaching informational analyses of historical and cultural transformation that have inspi red “singularitarianism”, which is sometimes characterized as a religion rather than a philosophy ofinformation and is only rarely taken seriously within the academy.
Documentary analysis technique was used for this purpose, which consists of identifying, verifying, and analyzing the documents of local planning to identify the health practices in the care ofthe elder- ly that are permeated by the PHE. Th e local health plans are public documents, organized by the local management ofthe BHUs, with annual periodicity, and are primary sources, i.e., documents that have not yet received analytical treatment, and therefore were used for interpretation and analysis. (11)