Top PDF Portrayals of Romanian migrants in ethnic media from Italy

Portrayals of Romanian migrants in ethnic media from Italy

Portrayals of Romanian migrants in ethnic media from Italy

Mainly, the portrayal of migrants is supported by very different narrative or script structures (Pan & Kosicki, 1993). These differences are partially derived from the journalistic genre (e.g. feature stories or news reports) and corresponding writing styles. Obviously, the selection of characters who are suitable for a feature story coverage, and therefore to receive more coverage in terms of length of the article and more public attention is not arbitrary. It also reveals a particular kind of newsworthiness and moral distance. In the case of positive characters, I noticed the use of elaborate script structures oriented towards human emotions, a strong individualization of the main character sustained by the presence of biographical details and a personal engagement of the journalist with the story. All these invite the audience to identify themselves with the portrayed character. In contrast, the portrayals of negative characters are supported by less elaborate script structures. This is reflected by the shorter length of the article, the absence of biographical details or other background or contextual information.
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Investigating Chinese Migrants’ Information-Seeking Patterns in Canada: Media Selection and Language Preference

Investigating Chinese Migrants’ Information-Seeking Patterns in Canada: Media Selection and Language Preference

Overall, Chinese migrants prefer Chinese media and networks than the mainstream English information channels in Canada. It is hard to draw a concrete conclusion of whether the Chinese media can really serve Chinese migrants’ needs in Canada without content analysis of the information provided. Zhou and Cai (2002) found that Chinese language media in the United States can connect immigrants to their host society, and the promotion of home ownership, entrepreneurship, and educational achievement provide important information for the first- generation immigrants to integrate into the American society. If Chinese media in Canada can also play such a positive role in Chinese immigrants’ life and adaptation into Canadian society, more collaboration between Chinese media and English media could strengthen this positive impact. To better reach Chinese migrant populations, the government and NGOs should try to disseminate important information in Chinese ethnic media and through Chinese social networks. Meanwhile, it is important that Chinese migrants realize their limitation of relying heavily on Chinese sources. To broaden the scope of information, Chinese migrants could benefit from a more balanced bilingual approach of searching information from both Chinese and English media and networks. Some training programs that introduce English information sources can be very helpful for Chinese migrants to better take advantage of information provided in English media channels.
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Negotiating legitimacy: media publics and security policy in multi-ethnic Britain

Negotiating legitimacy: media publics and security policy in multi-ethnic Britain

good versus evil, “us” versus “them” in which people must decide whether they are with “us” or “them”). While such views and visions cannot be generalised, they indicate how a sense of the proliferation of threats may engender discourses of powerfulness (“there’s nothing we can do about it”) and or pragmatism (“we’ve got to get on with our lives”). The media and government are for the most part seen to work hand in hand and a lack of credibility in both leads to declining authority and which, in turn, leads many to seek out alternative news sources. Most of our multilingual viewers watch or read news in one of their languages (including Islamic channels which alongside BBC are most trusted by some of our British Muslim interviewees) but this is much more common among older first generation migrants than it is among younger and British born people from migrant families (for more details see Gillespie, 2006). Whether people personally consume news in different languages is less important than the fact that other members of their family and social networks do and alternative versions of the news enter in everyday discussions of news. Familiarity with contrasting versions of events engenders a more complex view of plural and competing legitimacies. But it is not only multilingual users of multiple transnational news media that have to negotiate competing and plural criteria and conditions of legitimacy. Monolingual users who consume a very narrow range of news media have to negotiate these too.
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Assessment Of Some Acceleration Schemes In The Solution Of Systems Of Linear Equations.

Assessment Of Some Acceleration Schemes In The Solution Of Systems Of Linear Equations.

Chebyshev acceleration method [10] has been one of the favorite Krylov space methods for solving large sparse linear systems of equations in a parallel environment, since, unlike methods based on orthogonalization (such as Conjugate Gradient) it does not require computing computation-intensive inner products for the determination of the recurrence coefficients. The Chebyshev method, which in earlier literature has often been referred to as Chebyshev semi-iterative method, requires some preliminary knowledge about the spectrum of the coefficient matrix A, The concept of spectral radius allows us to make a complete description of eigenvalues of a matrix and is independent of any particular matrix norm [12]. Chebyshev acceleration method can be applied to any stationary iterative method provided it is symmetrizable. It requires the iteration matrix to have real spectrum. Given a nonsingular matrix Q, we define a basic
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ENGLISH LANGUAGE CERTIFICATES - MEETING REQUIREMENTS OR SIMPLE FASHION

ENGLISH LANGUAGE CERTIFICATES - MEETING REQUIREMENTS OR SIMPLE FASHION

Few researchers have studied the relevance of certain types of tests in assessing the English language skills [1]. It is rather on the sites of the centres involved or the partner institutions that one can find opinions and guidance regarding the latter. Students, in their turn, hear about the tests on special channels (mostly from teachers in high school or from colleagues, school-mates) as these examinations represent products of ‘small scale economy’, not having a very large circulation. They are clearly not designed for the large masses, but, nor are they confined to the persons involved in the educational system, as international language certifications are required for all emigrants or people looking for jobs in a foreign country. Still, it seems and it is fairly natural that the educational system is the one responsible for the implementation and dissemination of the said testing services among the youth. At the same time it can be noted that public exposure depends highly on the respective centres’ policy, marketing strategy or publicity campaign.
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Changing societies: legacies and challenges. Vol. 1. Ambiguous inclusions: inside out, outside in

Changing societies: legacies and challenges. Vol. 1. Ambiguous inclusions: inside out, outside in

relocated from Greece into Portugal in April 2017, being received by a group of volunteers pertaining to the Platform. The situation of the household, a couple with a son aged six, was considered potentially critical due to the state of pregnancy of the mother and an extended burn on the child’s skin resulting from an accident occurred in Greece. Volunteers collected resources to rent an apartment at market price and mobilised an active network of people to face the needs of the newcomers, with health being a paramount concern. Particular care was given to accompany them to State offices, hospitals and health units, so as to provide help with translation and procedures. The birth of the new child, after some months, was welcomed by a supportive group of people, one that was able to convey a sense of community and conviviality to the household. And yet, the family had recurrently to face numerous obstacles disseminated on its way, often constituing inextricable chains of interwoven hurdles. A delay in the renewal of the residency permit triggered a chain- reaction in which the Iraqi driving licence expired, preventing in turn the possibility to have it converted into a Portuguese one and apply for a job as a driver. Simultaneously, it caused the suspension of the right to exemption from hospital fees and the following debt with the administration for childbirth and successive consultations. Throughout these occurrences, volunteers softened the impact of the difficulties, providing comfort and alternative solutions. This was possible since their motivation allowed them to establish a bond which largely exceeded the common relationship between service providers and users. And nonetheless, the sense of loneliness commonly reported by refugees ended up being transferred to volunteers, who frequently complained about the lack of support from institutions and the many hindrances they had to help their interlocutors to establish a normal life as citizens.
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PRIMING AND FRAMING EFFECTS IN THE MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE 2009 ROMANIAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

PRIMING AND FRAMING EFFECTS IN THE MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE 2009 ROMANIAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

Otheră twoă politicală specifică framesă wereă alsoă presentă ină newscasts,ă theă economic-consequenceă andă theă moralityă frames,ă bută toă aă lesseră extentă thană theă conflictăfram[r]

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Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

outside staff and lecture rooms, send and receive emails and communicate on social networks. This Polytechnic in particular, was one of the first institutions to install the wireless access points that accessed internet through the main fibre backbone. In 2009 it went on to procure laptops for staff members, starting with senior management, the Heads of departments and finally lectures. Students were then allowed to bring their own devices which could be configured to be able to access institutional WIFI (The Polytechnic ICT policy document, 2010). This was the beginning of mobile computing at the Polytechnic. Since then further strides were made in such areas as installation of applications that run on mobile devices through wireless connections, increasing internet bandwidth to improve speed as demand for internet went up, upgrading wireless access points to improve strength of connectivity, upgrading of servers to handle the demand and volumes and expansion of campus area network to cover the whole Polytechnic, procurement of more mobile devices. And the institution now boasts of such things as e-learning, m- learning, m-education, among other technologies that are giving it a competitive advantage over sister Polytechnics.
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Immigration from the Migrants’ Perspective

Immigration from the Migrants’ Perspective

well-being, its reasoning “also applies to various envi- ronmental stressors” (Masarik & Conger, 2017, p. 85). Therefore, the present research investigates how hav- ing an immigrant background and enduring economic pressures jointly affect the well-being of adolescents and young adults. Indeed, low socio-economic status constitutes an additional explanation of the immigrant– native gap in subjective well-being, on top of discrim- ination and integration challenges. A large-scale study conducted in the Netherlands for instance showed that lower life satisfaction reported by respondents of Turkish and Moroccan origin (aged between 14 and 45) was almost fully explained by economic pressures and a low level of social capital (de Vroome & Hooghe, 2014; for a similar study including several European countries see also de Vroome & Hooghe, 2015. Thus, it is likely that, within families with an immigrant background, eco- nomic pressures generate negative affect among par- ents, which further relates to impaired well-being among their children. We test this indirect route from immi- grant background to well-being. While immigration may result in having a lower socio-economic status than na- tives, the two factors may also interact. In a study con- ducted among Latino children in the US, the highest lev- els of internalizing disorders (e.g., anxiety, depression etc.) were indeed found among those whose parents re- ported immigration-related stress (e.g., discrimination) and economic pressures (Mendoza, Dmitrieva, Perreira, Hurwich-Reiss, & Watamura, 2017). For this reason, the interaction between immigrant background and living in a household with a lower socio-economic status will be explored, too. The possible relationships between having an immigrant background, experiencing economic pres- sures and the subjective well-being of parents and their offspring are summarized in Figure 1.
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CAMPAIGN JOURNALISM ON ROMANIAN TELEVISIONS: TOWARDS A NORMATIVE VIEW OF ADVOCACY IN THE MEDIA

CAMPAIGN JOURNALISM ON ROMANIAN TELEVISIONS: TOWARDS A NORMATIVE VIEW OF ADVOCACY IN THE MEDIA

As hinted at in the Introduction, media advocacy is a type of public communication campaign geared at achieving some form of social change, in particular through the introduction and implementation of public policies. Advocacy campaigns are usually contrasted with the wider category of information and awareness-raising campaigns, designed to trigger change in behaviour on issues ranging from health to crime prevention, littering, drug consumption and various risks (Rice & Atkin 2001). The latter seem to be staged more often in the public sphere and to make more frequently the object of academic research, while the former remain fairly under-researched, in spite of the insights they offer into the construction of public problems, legitimacy, power relations or systemic transformation. If forms of advocacy in the Anglo-Saxon media go back to the seventeenth century, its more recent origins are traced by researchers to the late 1980s 3 (Wallack & Dorfman 2001: p. 389). Media advocacy derives its principal characteristics, firstly, from an orientation of the campaign message towards “social change, institutional accountability, or collective action” (Wallack & Dorfman 2001: p. 390). In this sense, the scope of the action surpasses concerns with personal behaviour, through objectives such as facilitating the publics’ engagement and mobilisation, identifying the systemic causes of a problem (see also Cox 2006), or bringing to attention questions of social justice. Secondly, it is shaped by strategic, concrete objectives. “An advocacy campaign”, states Robert Cox, who looks at environmental campaigns, “can be defined broadly as a strategic course of action involving communication undertaken for a specific purpose” (2006: p. 244, my emphases). Producing change, in many cases with far-reaching effects in society, and effective either immediately or in the foreseeable future, is the chief goal of advocacy campaigns. It influences their planning, layout and evolution.
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Relação entre a espessura médio-intimal das artérias carótidas e as apresentações da doença hepática gordurosa não-alcoólica: esteatose não-alcoólica e esteatohepatite

Relação entre a espessura médio-intimal das artérias carótidas e as apresentações da doença hepática gordurosa não-alcoólica: esteatose não-alcoólica e esteatohepatite

Introduction: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major cause of chronic liver disease in the West. It encompasses a spectrum of clinical and pathological conditions ranging from non-alcoholic steatosis (NAS) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) to liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. It is frequently associated with metabolic syndrome (MS) and the leading cause of death in patients with NAFLD is coronary artery disease. Increased intima-media thickness (IMT) in the carotid arteries is a subclinical cardiovascular disease marker and it is also thought to be an indicator of NAFLD severity. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between carotid IMT measured by radiofrequency and the clinical forms of NAFLD: NAS and NASH. Methods: 34 adult patients with NAS and 20 with NASH were investigated. The two groups’ clinical and metabolic characteristics and carotid artery IMT measured by radiofrequency were compared. IMT values of the NAFLD patients were also compared to those of 26 asymptomatic controls without MS and/or NAFLD. Results: insulin resistance including cases of diabetes mellitus and high canalicular liver enzyme serum levels were more frequent in the NASH group. Except for the right internal carotid artery IMT measurement and the combined measurement of the right side (common carotid artery, carotid bifurcation and internal carotid) that were higher in the NAS group, there were no other significant differences between the groups, neither when the NAFLD and control groups were compared. Conclusion: no clinically significant association was found between carotid IMT radiofrequency measurements and NAFLD manifestation forms: NAS and NASH. IMT of the NAFLD patients was also similar to that of the control group. IMT differences observed between the NAS and NASH groups seem to be related to chance or sample limitations. Thus, they should be interpreted with some caution.
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Bras. Political Sci. Rev.  vol.7 número1

Bras. Political Sci. Rev. vol.7 número1

The principles of how a community should organise itself are also important in or- der to give prominence to one or the other frame in the migration debate. Demant (2009) presents a study that can be useful in thinking about the preferences of different societies when integrating migrants. The debate about how many different groups can live together inside a political community may admit to a classification along its two main characteris- tics: the possibility of the existence of different cultures inside the same space and the ten- dency of those groups to be in contact each other (Demant, 2009: 2). A certain community might give preference to fewer and culturally similar groups to live together, making up a more cohesive society (“cultural monism”) or to the coexistence of various groups, thereby forging a diverse society (“cultural pluralism”). On the other hand, communities might understand that cultural identity is relatively immutable (“cultural essentialism”) or that different cultures can combine different elements between them (“cultural evolutionism”). From the crossing of those two dimensions, four main routes appear to deal with migrant population: societies which are “monist-essentialist” prefer little or no diversity and do not believe in changes in cultural values, rejecting migrants and giving preference to bar- ring their entry, while “monist-evolutionists”, although also favouring the coexistence of culturally similar groups, understand that migrants can be assimilated into the national culture. “Pluralist-essentialists” can live with a diversity of cultural groups, but do not believe in big cultural changes, preferring multicultural policies and creating structures to guarantee autonomy and differentiation between groups 3 , while “pluralist-evolutionists”
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Mercator (Fortaleza)  vol.15 número1

Mercator (Fortaleza) vol.15 número1

This study is a comparative analysis of changes in levels of employment and income in the metropolitan areas of labor markets (RMs) of Northeast and Southeast. The populations of workers were discriminated between migrants and non-migrants, residents in the cores and peripheries of metropolitan areas of Fortaleza and Recife compared with residents of metropolitan regions of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro between 2000 and 2010, according to the level of income and the condition of poverty or extreme poverty. The results indicate improvement of the remuneration of migrant and non-migrant workers, despite the acceleration of the urbanization of the last decades, there is evidence of higher occupational integration of the two po- pulation groups, with the supremacy of migrants on the non-migrants in terms of median income of work according to census data. The perspective that occupation and income expansion might bring beneits to the metropolitan outskirts residence standards should not be neglected in further analysis, which may explore other dwelling features, particularly if an income gain steadiness sustained by growing economic scenarios should be observed along the current decade.
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Roughness of surface of vacuum castings prepared in plaster moulds

Roughness of surface of vacuum castings prepared in plaster moulds

Castings prepared in plaster moulds belong to the group of precision castings [1]. One of the characteristic feature of them is a low roughness, reported to be Ra=0,8÷3,2µm, however authors do not provide information on type of castings and moulds [2,3].

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ROMANIA’S NEGOTIATIONS WITH EUROPEAN UNION REGARDING AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

ROMANIA’S NEGOTIATIONS WITH EUROPEAN UNION REGARDING AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

The importance of negotiations considering the agricultural and alimentary sectors results, from the one hand from their importance in Romanian economy, from the fact that, on the results of negotiations held with EU officials depends the re-launching capacity of these sectors, of Romanian agro-alimentary market, the amendment of their contribution to general economic increase, durable rural development and population life standard improvement generally and specially to the one in rural medium. But, on the other hand, these negotiations importance is also generated by the fact that the Romania’s agriculture structural problems are hard to solve, the disequilibrium from agricultural sector are bigger compare to the ones of other states and their rectifying is more difficult.
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GUARANTEED MINIMUM INCOME FOR ALL: A CASE OF THE EU AND EEA  --  RENDA MÍNIMA PARA TODOS: O CASO DA UNIÃO EUROPEIA E DO ESPAÇO ECONÔMICO EUROPEU

GUARANTEED MINIMUM INCOME FOR ALL: A CASE OF THE EU AND EEA -- RENDA MÍNIMA PARA TODOS: O CASO DA UNIÃO EUROPEIA E DO ESPAÇO ECONÔMICO EUROPEU

and the Future of Social Security Law, comes at critical moment: the natural tendency for creation new barriers that is inherent for each national wel- fare state as an international threshold of inequi- ty has been even enhanced by pending European integration. All mature European welfare states are restrictive and every nation has filters which separates out desirable migrants in terms of their labour market potential. This article proves that neither old member states, nor the new ones are an exception. In our comparison, German social assistance scheme (especially the special Law on Social Benefits for Asylum-Seekers) guarantees, thanks to the active Constitutional Court, better positions for migrants than respective Czech laws. Even so, German laws set forth enough protective clauses to being able marginalised asylum-seekers as in the Czech Republic or any other member sta- te of the EEA.
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FROM THE TOTALITARIAN LANGUAGE TO THE INFORMATIVE DISCOURSE. A ROMANIAN MEDIA DISCOURSE ANALYSIS DURING THE ’90S

FROM THE TOTALITARIAN LANGUAGE TO THE INFORMATIVE DISCOURSE. A ROMANIAN MEDIA DISCOURSE ANALYSIS DURING THE ’90S

Thus, „Evenimentul zilei”, a newspaper was often blamed for letting sensationalism dominate the information and being too obeyed to commercial logics. Actually, the paper “revolutionized” the standard recipe of Romanian dailies, by retrieving the everyday occurrence into the journalists’ sphere of interest and directing the media towards the great public and not only towards the elites. The success that daily had with the audiences forces almost the entire informative media to change its strategies: from the reevaluation of the everyday occurrences to the weight of journalistic genres, – and the news story was the great winner in this process – to the “relaxation” of the language used by the press. „Evenimentul zilei”, even influenced the Romanian publications’ design: the informative titration was chosen over the inciting one, they completely gave up on cliché-titles, inherited from the communist press, they also gave up on the agglomeration of information in the page by typesetting the texts with small fonts, which also caused a simplification of the text’s display within the page. The novelty to the 1990’s media was the recipe of popular press, which had also been a successful recipe in the media in between the two World Wars but had been forbidden during the communist era. The paper was perceived by some journalists from that era as a threat to the elitist model of press, which believed in the dominance of the educative function of the media, whilst the new publication brought the information of any kind and of any interest to the citizen to the forefront. The journalists’ agenda added the everyday fact to the official one and the anecdote to the opinion genres. In the 1990’s context, the burst of this type of press, “tabloid” press, a part of the great family of popular press, played a significant part in diversifying the themes, in “braking” the dogma of linguistic clichés and of editorial inertness.
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Do transnational links matter after return? Labour market participation among Ghanaian return migrants

Do transnational links matter after return? Labour market participation among Ghanaian return migrants

Previous studies on transnationalism have looked at ‘remittances’ and ‘short-term visits’ to the home community and its transformational impact. However, little attention has been given to how transnational links enable return migrants to economically reintegrate into the home community. Although transnationalism describes return migration as a circular movement, there is still evidence of permanent return. Using Ghana as an example, this paper examines the conditions, strategies, assets and labour participation of return migrants. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative methods in investigating its set objectives. The study found that for wage employed returnees, maintaining professional contacts abroad is a key factor in ensuring their sustenance in the local and global job market. On the other hand, having investments abroad is important for self-employed returnees to sustain their return. The paper suggests that in order to promote national development and enhance national competitiveness in a globalizing world, Ghana needs to strengthen both its educational and business sectors. With this goal in mind, Ghana needs to encourage collaboration amongst its residents abroad and encourage opportunities for the sharing of knowledge and expertise.
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Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

side), depending on the location of a sculpture in the overall composition of certain structures, on the skills of masters belonging to different art schools. In rare cases, the low relief (the sculpture in Surkh Kotal) [21], traditional for ancient Iran and less characteristic for the art of Kushan, was used. Thus, the "Bactrian sculpture was characterized by monumentality and st rict frontal position‖ [22, 90p]. But round, often three- quarter, always wall sculpture, had been rather an exception in the buildings of Greco-Bactrian period and Buddhist structures. According to references, the statue of Anahit [23] was located in the temple of Bactria before the arrival of the Greeks, and with the arrival of the Greek, the Hellenistic traditions began to play a significant role in the artistic culture of Central Asia [24]. In the Hellenistic period the sculpture was done in full volume and size, often exceeding the human scale (in Square Hall of Nisa, in the temple of Ai-Khanum in Surkh Kotal). For example, the sculpture of Ai-Khanum was two and a half times larger than the life size, this required from the masters an "excellent knowledge of modeling techniques and strengthening the clay mass" [25, 71p]. By the scale the sculptors emphasized the position of painted person in the hierarchy. Hellenistic traditions of erecting the statues of kings "were transformed over time into the objects of worship and were placed in sanctuaries‖ [26, 15p]. In Bactria there existed and were for a long time exercised the temples of Hellenic Gods (Temple of Dioscurus in Dilberdjin), "visited by both local descendants of Greek colonists and the Hellenized part of local population" [27, 82p]. In all probability, Greek deities were placed there (for example, in the area of
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Paternal and maternal influences on differences in birth weight between Europeans and Indians born in the UK.

Paternal and maternal influences on differences in birth weight between Europeans and Indians born in the UK.

The Chelsea and Westminster Hospital (CWH) in West London is part of the National Health Service and serves a relatively affluent population with high ethnic diversity. Its high quality maternity database is frequently used for research purposes. Data are routinely collected and entered into the database, mainly by midwives. At antenatal booking, information on the self-described ethnicity of mother and partner has been collected, although mothers were not asked directly about the paternity of their child. Mother’s height and weight were collected at booking, based on self-reports or measured if women did not know. Duration of gestation was assessed by a clinician, using his/her best estimate based on date of last menstrual period or ultrasound scan, whichever seemed more reliable. Parity (defined here as total number of previous live births, still births and neonatal deaths) was obtained from obstetric records. For these analyses we included all live singleton deliveries at the hospital between April 1998 and January 2004, where the mother and father were either Indian or white European. An area-level indicator of socio-economic position was obtained by linking the mothers’ home postcode at the time of delivery to the corresponding electoral ward Index of Multiple Deprivation score. Parents’ marital status was not entered into regression models because data were missing for 8.1% of subjects.
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