Top PDF Professional Ethics in Construction Industry of Pakistan

Professional Ethics in Construction Industry of Pakistan

Professional Ethics in Construction Industry of Pakistan

Ethics criterion for the engineer group is necessary [5]. Many American engineering professional societies have prepared codes of ethics; some go back to the early decades of the twentieth century. These have been incorporated to a greater or lesser degree into the regulatory laws of various countries. The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) in the UK has a code of ethics incorporated into its standards of conduct. The Canadian societies of professional engineers likewise have such codes of conduct as well. In Pakistan, the code of conduct is called the Pakistan Engineering Council Code of Conduct. These codes of ethics share many similarities. Engineering, however, does not have a single uniform system or standard of ethical conduct across the entire professional fields. The professional responsibilities and obligations of members towards their peers, their clients and the general public are usually delineated within these codes of conduct [6]. Ethical approaches vary somewhat by discipline and jurisdiction, but are most influenced by whether the engineers are independently providing professional services to clients or the public if employed in government service; or if they are employees of an enterprise creating products for sale.
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PROBLEMS OF PROJECTS AND EFFECTS OF DELAYS IN THE  CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY OF PAKISTAN

PROBLEMS OF PROJECTS AND EFFECTS OF DELAYS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY OF PAKISTAN

The significant delay factors are obtainable in Table 2-7. Each table organizes each group of factors relevant to clients, consultant, contractor and external delay factors are rated on a scale of 1 to 10. The significance rating for each factor was scored on a scale of 1 to 10 with 1 having the lowly importance and 10 the uppermost importance. The numbers in the filled cells for significance evaluation indicate the mean and mode values of responses for that alternative.

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Research Integrity and Research Ethics in Professional Codes of Ethics: Survey of Terminology Used by Professional Organizations across Research Disciplines.

Research Integrity and Research Ethics in Professional Codes of Ethics: Survey of Terminology Used by Professional Organizations across Research Disciplines.

Professional codes of ethics are social contracts among members of a professional group, which aim to instigate, encourage and nurture ethical behaviour and prevent professional misconduct, including research and publication. Despite the existence of codes of ethics, research misconduct remains a serious problem. A survey of codes of ethics from 795 pro- fessional organizations from the Illinois Institute of Technology’s Codes of Ethics Collection showed that 182 of them (23%) used research integrity and research ethics terminology in their codes, with differences across disciplines: while the terminology was common in pro- fessional organizations in social sciences (82%), mental health (71%), sciences (61%), other organizations had no statements (construction trades, fraternal social organizations, real estate) or a few of them (management, media, engineering). A subsample of 158 pro- fessional organizations we judged to be directly involved in research significantly more often had statements on research integrity/ethics terminology than the whole sample: an average of 10.4% of organizations with a statement (95% CI = 10.4-23-5%) on any of the 27 research integrity/ethics terms compared to 3.3% (95% CI = 2.1–4.6%), respectively (P<0.001). Overall, 62% of all statements addressing research integrity/ethics concepts used prescriptive language in describing the standard of practice. Professional organiza- tions should define research integrity and research ethics issues in their ethics codes and collaborate within and across disciplines to adequately address responsible conduct of research and meet contemporary needs of their communities.
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IMPACT OF SERVICE QUALITY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION: EVIDENCES FROM THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN

IMPACT OF SERVICE QUALITY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION: EVIDENCES FROM THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN

In modern times, efficient and professional catering and restaurant services are must for every event, celebration or party. Whether it is a birthday celebration, wedding catering, anniversary party, social, traditional, corporate or political event - quality and delicious food serving is a must to complete the event. Restaurant and catering can be demanding work that will require a lot of stamina and inner strength. Business/ employees should also possess the ability to work under stress. Firm success depends solely on its reputation; it is good to be daringly careful with the jobs it takes up. Strive to provide a high quality, superior service at all times. Never let qualities be diminished maintain the standards for repute and references promise (Jones, 2009).
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Potential Health Risk of Endocrine Disruptors in Construction Sector and Plastics Industry: A New Paradigm in Occupational Health

Potential Health Risk of Endocrine Disruptors in Construction Sector and Plastics Industry: A New Paradigm in Occupational Health

Abstract: Endocrine disruptors (EDs) belong to large and diverse groups of agents that may cause multiple biological effects associated with, for example, hormone imbalance and infertility, chronic diseases such as diabetes, genome damage and cancer. The health risks related with the exposure to EDs are typically underestimated, less well characterized, and not regulated to the same extent as, for example, carcinogens. The increased production and utilization of identified or suspected EDs in many different technological processes raises new challenges with respect to occupational exposure settings and associated health risks. Due to the specific profile of health risk, occupational exposure to EDs demands a new paradigm in health risk assessment, redefinition of exposure assessment, new effects biomarkers for occupational health surveillance and definition of limit values. The construction and plastics industries are among the strongest economic sectors, employing millions of workers globally. They also use large quantities of chemicals that are known or suspected EDs. Focusing on these two industries, this short communication discusses: (a) why occupational exposure to EDs needs a more specific approach to occupational health risk assessments, (b) identifies the current knowledge gaps, and (c) identifies and gives a rationale for a future occupational health paradigm, which will include ED biomarkers as a relevant parameter in occupational health risk assessment, surveillance and exposure prevention.
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Social representations of students in the construction of the professional identity of nurses

Social representations of students in the construction of the professional identity of nurses

Objective: to analyze the social representations of students in the construction of the professional identity of nurses. Methods: qualitative study with 60 students from the Nursing course of a public university. Collection was done through instruments of aesthetic production scenes. The results were analyzed based on the Theory of Social Representations. Results: a total of 190 objectified images emerged, of which 29 expressed charity, 38 were related to technicality, and 22 presented different scenarios of performance of nurses. These images constituted three scenes of aesthetic production. Students of the first and fifth semesters brought representations with a greater focus on charity and technicality, and those of the tenth semester presented images related to areas of professional activity. Conclusion: the social representations of Nursing students change with the advance of the academic course, starting with representations from society (charitable and technocratic) and being firmly established in the professional work of nurses.
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Higher Education Policies and Their Implementations in Pakistan from Its Establishment to Date

Higher Education Policies and Their Implementations in Pakistan from Its Establishment to Date

Aynı yıl Pakistan hüküme nin hazırladığı 2002 yılı eği m rapo- runda yüksekö ğre min vizyonu “yükseköğre m kurumlarını, Pakistan’ın kültürel temellerine dayalı hoşgörülü ve çoğulcu bir toplum olu şturmak üzere, güçlü ahlaki değerlere sahip ay- dınlanmış vatandaşlar ye ş recek biçimde kaliteli donanımıyla dünya çapında eği m ve araş rma sunan kurumlara dönüş- türmek” biçiminde ifade edilmi ş r (Isani & Virk, 2005; Malik, 2003). Pakistan yükseköğre minin 2002 yılı misyonu ise şu hedefl eri içermiş r: ‘Eği m için gerekli fi nansmanı oluşturmak ve verimli kullanmak; kaynakları kullanmada ve ulusal e ği m sisteminin etkinliğinde op mum verime ulaşmak; özel sektö- rün e ği me katkısını desteklemek; eği m kurumları ile hükü- met, endüstri ve i ş dünyası arasındaki bağlan ları pekiş rmek; Pakistan’da verimli, başarılı ve ilerlemiş bir yükseköğre m orga- nize etmeye yönelik olarak E ği m Bakanlığı ile HEC arasındaki kurumsal ilişkileri ar rmak; bilginin gelişimine ve ülkenin refa- hına katkıda bulunmak; kaliteli eği mi ülke geneline yaymak ve e ği m kurumlardaki çeşitliliği ar rmak; bölge, sınıf, kast, din ya da cinsiyet ayrımı yapmaksızın kaliteli yükseköğre m elde etme rsatlarını ar rmak; ülkenin 21. yüzyılda ih yaç duyaca ğı kalifi ye elemanları ye ş rmek; eği m kurumları çalışanlarında ve öğrencilerde sorumluluk bilinci oluşturmak (Malik, 2003). 2003 yılında hükümet yetkilileri ve akademisyenlerin geniş ka lımıyla Lahor, Karaçi ve İslamabad’da ‘Eği mde Kalite’ ko- nulu pe ş peşe üç konferans düzenlenmiş r. Her üç konferansta da ‘genel eği mdeki kaliteyi ar rmanın yükseköğre mdeki kaliteye ba ğlı olduğu’ vurgulanmış ve bu bağlamda ‘yükseköğ- re m programlarının hüküme n belirlediği vizyon ve misyon doğrultusunda geliş rilmesinin gereği’ üzerinde durulmuştur (Hamidullah, 2005).
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O novo código de ética para fisioterapeutas incorporou tendências da bioética?

O novo código de ética para fisioterapeutas incorporou tendências da bioética?

Advances in health technology incorporate bioethical discussions in texts that address professional care. Would the new code of ethics for physiotherapists have incorporated such discussions? Given the issue, we aimed to verify the ratio of deontological and bioethical approaches in the new code of ethics when compared to the old one, investigating relationships between professional and client autonomies in healthcare. Content analysis methods were applied to written documents in order to verify in what proportion deontological and bioethical approaches are present in the new code. The bioethical approaches compose the large part of the content in this new code (53%) specially related to the justice category which represents 21,9% of the total textual units found. Changes in the new document reveal bioethical influences in the conception of the new code, which still did not modify the relationship between professional and client autonomies, revealing the need for further discussions. Keywords: Patient care. Ethics, professional. Professional autonomy. Personal autonomy. Physical therapists. Resumo
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Association of financial or professional conflict of interest to research outcomes on health risks or nutritional assessment studies of genetically modified products

Association of financial or professional conflict of interest to research outcomes on health risks or nutritional assessment studies of genetically modified products

On the other hand, a strong relationship was found between favorable outcome and professional COI. Krimsky et al. (1996) had already documented the widespread presence of professional COIs among university based authors through patent ownership, a function within or holding shares of a biotechnology company. Within the nutritional sciences Nestle (2007) commented that relations through financial sponsorship and project partnerships between academics and industry are rather the rule than the exception. While professional entanglements with industry or per- sonal commercial interests and possible publication bias have in general been researched less than influence of direct funding, the existence of an influence of such relations has been observed in biomedical sciences by Friedman and Richter (2004). Also, in 2001, several editors of main medical journals expressed their con- cerns over industry relations which included professional affilia- tions. In particular they showed strong opposition against ‘‘contractual agreements that deny investigators the right to examine the data independently or to submit a manuscript for publication without first obtaining the consent of the sponsor’’ (Davidoff et al., 2001). While medical journals have over the years been imple- menting a number of changes in their disclosure policies to better deal with COIs (Smith, 1998), recent work still shows the issues have yet to be solved satisfactorily (Jagsi et al., 2009; Lo, 2009; Wingate, 2009).
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Sustainable production: use of construction waste in the manufacture of anchor bars |  Produção sustentável: uso de resíduos de construção na fabricação de barras de ancoragem

Sustainable production: use of construction waste in the manufacture of anchor bars | Produção sustentável: uso de resíduos de construção na fabricação de barras de ancoragem

In this type of project, there is the concern with sustainability, which is present from the design phase up to the use of the building by the customers. Second Menegat (2004), the search for sustainability cannot be limited to the immediate environmental impact on the environment, but also should be analyzed other aspects: social, economic, cultural and political involved. The idea of Green Buildings consistent with the guidelines of Menegat (2004) and addresses the various aspects of sustainability (SILVA, 2000).
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Academic trajectories and labour market transitions of mature graduates: a case study from the University of Algarve

Academic trajectories and labour market transitions of mature graduates: a case study from the University of Algarve

The Bologna Process, recently implemented in Portugal, has brought many changes to higher education institutions (HEI). One of these changes refers to a law that enables mature students (23 years and older) to gain special access to higher education, taking into account their professional experience. The numbers of mature students are therefore increasing in our country, making our academic population more diverse. Our team has in the past investigated these students’ situation in higher education (HE), in order to provide university management our recommendations to improve students’ success. To continue our research we (two HEI in Portugal) designed a new research project 1 , which partially aims to understand mature students’ trajectories through HE and their transitions to the labour market. Again we hope to provide recommendations for that university management to do more for our students’ employability. In this paper we identify and characterise various dimensions of individual and collective profile of mature students in the University of Algarve (Portugal) and their paths towards labour market integration. Our results show that positive experiences within university context, regarding their learning and
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UTILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL BYPRODUCT AS RAW MATERIAL IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY- A REVIEW

UTILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL BYPRODUCT AS RAW MATERIAL IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY- A REVIEW

The sludge containing concretes appears economically attractive given the low prices of raw industrial wastes. Wide scale application of this method can significantly improve the environmental situation in industrial regions. Utilization of sludge ash as raw materials in the production of pellet aggregates was reported by Bhatty et al. (1992), who observed a lower aggregate specific gravity and hence a better strength-to-weight ratio with no adverse effects on concrete strength. SSA has been used in mortars [9], concrete mixtures [18], in brick manufacture [4], as a fine aggregate in mortars [21], and in asphalt paving mixes [26]. J.Monzo et. al observed that control paste has shorter initial and final setting times than pastes containing SSA. In addition, an increase of both setting times is observed when percentages of SSA do. SSA improves mortar strength at early curing time. Studies conducted By R. Khanbilvar showed that the design strength is still attainable for up to 30% (by weight) ash replacement.
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RESEARCH IN NURSING: BRAZIL AND PORTUGAL IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY

RESEARCH IN NURSING: BRAZIL AND PORTUGAL IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY

ambit of scientific research, mathematism itself is no longer descriptive, but rather, formative. Science is no longer content with the “how”, and is in search of the “whys”. After all, the training of the researcher is political training in all senses of the word. The researcher has to act politically: with the students, where he is, in order to achieve more resources, in order to represent research and in order to influence the changes in the practices of the lecturers and in the care practices (BR7). The interviewees questioned themselves regarding the political stance of the nurse research- ers at the present time. For them, it is not enough merely to research and to be inserted in the social context in health, it is also necessary to involve oneself with the professional class and with de- fending ideas. As a result, one obstacle is the political training of nurse researchers in order to influence public policies. The researcher has to be, before anything else, a great defender of her findings. And she has to put these
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Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

for accommodation of bas-relief panels [34]. So, there were no regularities to install the sculptures and "the whole sculpture was seen as one of the kinds of inner decor of the wall" [35, 81p]. According to G.A. Pugachenkova, the tradition of placing the royal statues in separately designated locations began from the era of Kanishka (in Surkh-Kotal the statues were located in inter- columnar spans) and presented a stylistic feature of the monumental art of late antiquity. In the "Hall of Kings" in Toprak-Kala, according to S.P. Tolstov, was a portrait gallery of Khoresm Siyavushids, "huge seated statues depicted the kings and the surrounding statues –their family members, and god-protectors" [36, 109p]. The isolated location of the figures symbolized the coming disintegration of the dynasty. However, it should be noted that "round sculpture, especially of large forms had no such strong roots in Central Asia" [3, 231p], as monumental painting, common even before the Hellenistic conquest. Wall and high relief compositions had dominated, particularly in the design of Buddhist monuments (stupas).
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Self-Assessment of Professional Ethics in Interns in the Clinical Setting of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2015

Self-Assessment of Professional Ethics in Interns in the Clinical Setting of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2015

that with increasing age and job experiences and clinical and even non clinical activities, environmental factors, workload and leisure time are influential in professional value dimensions. Due to the fact that in this study, the age ranged between 23-31 years and work experience of students is limited to intern and training courses, it can be assumed that environmental factors, modeling of other professionals, and overt and covert training influence on the views of professional values of students. However, in general, in this study, sex, age and marital status had little impact on the students' professional ethics.
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Rev. dor  vol.14 número1 en v14n1a11

Rev. dor vol.14 número1 en v14n1a11

As with other drugs, NSAIDs have potential to induce adverse re- actions due to their toxicity on several systems. Among reported efects one may mention propensity to thrombosis, loss of COX-2 up-regulation protective efect on myocardial ischemia and acute myocardial infarction, acute renal failure and increased mean blood pressure. NSAIDs most important side efects are seen in the gastrointestinal tract. Approximately 20% of patients do not tolerate NSAIDs due to efects such as abdominal pain, heartburn and diarrhea. Long term treatment may cause erosions and gastric and duodenal ulcers 8 .
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Report by CIB W55-W65 Construction Industry Comparative Analysis Project Group

Report by CIB W55-W65 Construction Industry Comparative Analysis Project Group

The recent development of capital markets influenced the operating environment of major national construction enterprises through mergers and acquisitions. Another recent feature is the increasing market diversification of these companies, namely, in the property activities and utilities services. It is also worth noting that according to Decree Law 59/99, the concession consortiums must include at least one construction company. There are today three major holdings each with an annual turnover above EUR 500 million. They are Mota-Engil, Somague-Sacyr and Teixeira Duarte-Soares da Costa. The main representative organisations of Portuguese contractors are: AECOPS (Association of Building Construction and Public Work Contractors); ANEOP (National Association of Public Work Contractors); AICCOPN (Northern Industrial Association of Building Construction and Public Works); and AICE (Industrial Association of Builders). Their main functions are to represent the interests of their member associations to the Government and other public bodies related to the institutional environment of the construction industry, and to provide information and services concerning relevant aspects of the industry to their members.
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Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

Zimmerman (1999) in his article titled ―Mobile Computing: Characteristics, Benefits, and the Mobile fra mework‖ defined mobile computing as ―the use of computing devices, which usually interact in some way with a centralised information system while away from the normal fixed workplace‖. He went on to say that, Mobile computing technology enables the mobile person to create, access, process, store and communicate information without being constrained to a single location. It is on the above basis that this researcher views mobile computing as embracing a host of portable technologies the can access internet using wireless fidelity (WIFI). These range from notebook computers to tablets, to smartphones and e-book readers. Such devices have brought about Mobile learning (m-Learning) in Zimbabwe Polytechnics, enabling staff and students to share academic resources, be able to research and develop applications from wherever they are. Zimmerman (1999) went on to identify mobile computing hardware, software and communications in use then. He identified hardware as palmtops, clamshells, handheld Pen Keys, pen slates, and laptops. The characteristics of such devices in terms of screen size was small, processing capability was limited and supported a few mobile applications. Over the years mobile devices have improved in such characteristics to make mobile computing easy, fast and user friendly. Great improvements also came with the associated systems software, with the modern devices now running on Android, Symbian and windows 8 mobile, as compared to then when MS DOS, Windows 3.1, Pen DOS were used. In communications Zimmerman talked of internet speeds in kilobytes per second (Kbps), while today’s communications devices have speeds of gigabytes per second (Gbps
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e-Government Ethics : a Synergy of Computer Ethics, Information Ethics, and Cyber Ethics

e-Government Ethics : a Synergy of Computer Ethics, Information Ethics, and Cyber Ethics

Information ethics in the future should be a discipline that carries out four functions, i.e. : (1) information ethics is prescriptive ethics; (2) information ethics is preventive ethics; (3) information ethics is transformative ethics; and (4) information ethics must be universally global ethics, not one or the other, but must consist of both global and local disciplines [10]. Furthermore, in [10] also stated that for the proper use of information in an information society, the education relating to information ethics may present four goals, i.e. (1) respect for others must be cultivated; (2) although sharing beneficial information is welcome, other people’s intellectual property right must not be infringed; (3) various forms of information will be used productively; and (4) telecommunications and the Internet will be used for acceptable time periods so that it does not harm actual life.
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