Top PDF Some issues of sexual violence against children

GENDER ISSUES DURING SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETING IN VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

GENDER ISSUES DURING SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETING IN VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

may influence a group of interpreters within the context of violence against women. In addition to gender, empathy is the second key theoretical concept used in this study. The results of this research suggest that, although there appear to be no fundamental differences in terms of the amount of information conveyed by a group of male interpreters as opposed to a group of female interpreters, and that empathy does not seem to play a fundamental role, there are some distinctive discursive factors particular to the speech of female and male interpreters which can readily be distinguished by an audience. Therefore, when working in such situations, exclusively using the services of female interpreters may be more appropriate.
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Characterization of sexual violence against children and adolescents in school – Brazil, 2010-2014

Characterization of sexual violence against children and adolescents in school – Brazil, 2010-2014

Data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) were used. In Brazil, the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA System) was established in 2006. The VIVA System is comprised of two components: one is focused on care for victims of accidents and violence at emergency health services and carried out through surveys(VIVA Survey), while the other provides continuous surveillance of interpersonal and self-inflicted violence identified in health services (VIVA SINAN). Since 2009, cases of violence and accidents are registered on SINAN; however, violence was only included in the National List of Compulsory Notifiable Diseases from 2011 onwards, and compulsory notification became
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Rev. paul. pediatr.  vol.35 número2

Rev. paul. pediatr. vol.35 número2

Results: The evaluated children and their families generated 55 genograms. In 38 of them, functional family arrangements, and close or very close emotional ties were observed. In 17 cases, situations involving physical, emotional, or sexual violence against children were perceived. Among these, four represented extreme cases, with fraying parental bonding, and dysfunctional family arrangements. In these families, chemical addiction was prevalent among multiple members, as well as severe mental disorder, persistent physical and verbal abuse, and sexual abuse. Conclusions: The use of the genogram helps to identify at an early stage the degradation of parental bonding and violence against children, and when it is incorporated into the pediatric practice routine, it may contribute to the promotion of the comprehensive health care of the child, regardless of the presence of social vulnerability.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.20 número3

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.20 número3

This study aimed to identify the work developed by the Judiciary to prevent sexual violence against children and adolescents within the family. The approach to social representations in a cultural perspective was used. The ield study consisted in the 1st and 2nd Court of Crimes against Children and Adolescents, at the State Supreme Court of Pernambuco, Brazil. Participant observation, semi-structured interviews, and focus group with 17 subjects were the techniques for data collection, analyzed through the interpretation of meanings, allowing the identiication of the category “The Judiciary as the ultimate level” and the following subcategories: “The public policies to prevent violence” and “The structure and dynamics of Courts”. This study allows the visualization of the Judiciary’s limitations with regard to the full protection and absolute priority, and that the work along with the victims demands investments in structure and human resources.
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Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem  vol.17 número6

Rev. LatinoAm. Enfermagem vol.17 número6

Violence against women, as a social phenomenon, has been studied and results have been published in scientific journals of acknowledged quality, as is the case of this nursing periodical, and has been associated with the use of drugs, which leads to problems in the family and work contexts (16) . The use of legal and illegal drugs by college students is also presented as an element that triggers violence (17) . The maternal role in the context of women with small children and who are or had been under treatment for alcohol or drug dependency is also highlighted (18) . Sexual violence against women is also analyzed in relation to the risk of HIV and chemoprophylaxis (19) . Additionally, there are some analyses about the self- esteem of women who were sexually assaulted and
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Violência sexual contra crianças: autores, vítimas e consequências Sexual violence against children: authors, victims and consequences

Violência sexual contra crianças: autores, vítimas e consequências Sexual violence against children: authors, victims and consequences

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar características do abuso sexual contra crianças, como perfil da vítima, do autor da agressão e fatores associados, notificadas em um serviço de referência, utilizando o Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, em todos os casos sus- peitos ou confirmados de abuso sexual infantil, de 2008 a 2014, em Florianópolis/SC. As variáveis foram: características da vítima, do agressor, da ocorrência, tipologia da violência, consequências, encaminhamentos e procedimentos realizados. Variáveis categóricas são apresentadas em preva- lências e intervalos de confiança de 95%. Houve 489 notificações, predominando vítimas do sexo feminino, maior recorrência no masculino e ocor- rendo em residências. Estupro foi duas vezes mais frequente no sexo feminino e em mais da metade dos casos o autor era homem conhecido da vítima. Doze vítimas contraíram infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, houve seis gestações, cinco delas interrompidas legalmente. Mesmo sendo inédito para a região estudada, se observou característi- cas semelhantes às encontradas em outros estudos brasileiros, mostrando ser possível ações coordena- das nacionalmente para prevenir esse agravo. Palavras-chave Violência sexual, Crianças Abstract The scope of this study was to identify
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Racism in health services: a lack of care of violence against black women victims of sexual violence                                                                                                            Racismo nos serviços de saúde: a ausência do cu

Racism in health services: a lack of care of violence against black women victims of sexual violence Racismo nos serviços de saúde: a ausência do cuidado com as mulheres negras vítimas de violência sexual

Originally, the mulatto was the product of rape of African women by the Portuguese and not the result of a traditionally consecrated marriage [...]. Since the existence of the mulatto means the product of the prior rape of the African women, the implication is that, after the brutal rape, the mulatto woman became only fornication object, while the black woman continued denied its original function, ie the compulsory labor [...]. Although regarded as ethnic bridge between black and white, the mulatto does not enjoy a different social status from the black. If during slavery mulattos were able to receive some privileged treatment in relation to blacks, today they are, in their majority from the poor class and thus constitutes the biggest victim of racial discrimination, because of the ambiguity color / class, as well as being more numerous than blacks 7 .
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Ciênc. saúde coletiva  vol.21 número11

Ciênc. saúde coletiva vol.21 número11

A different picture of abuse and violence against older women emerges when examined from an active ageing frame. In this frame, per- petrator categories expand to include not only spouse/partners, in addition adult children and grandchildren, other relatives, neighbors and friends, and caregivers. Like the intimate part- ner abuse perspective, victims are assumed to live in the community, but may not necessarily have an intimate partner relationship. Forms of abuse are also expanded in the frame to include, in addition to physical, sexual and psychological abuse, also financial or material exploitation, and neglect. Measures of psychological abuse may be expanded beyond threats of physical or sexual violence to include denigrating verbal abuse as well as non-verbal abuse in the form of social control behaviors like isolating and ignoring (or even treating the older woman as a child). Where available, prevalence data for abuse of older wo- men in studies using the active ageing frame has been found to be as high as 38 percent 7 .
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Consent for research on violence against children: dilemmas and contradictions.

Consent for research on violence against children: dilemmas and contradictions.

Some scholars recommend considering the interest of children’s involvement in research in terms of the benefit for the individual participant vs social benefit. In no circumstances, should the interests of children in general be used to justify the possibility of potential harm to the participating child. Moreover, participants’ benefit should prevail over social and scientific interests [20]. However, this cost-benefit analysis should be carefully considered. For children who are victims, participation in research does not always have direct and immediate impact e.g., in terms of reducing the violence they are undergoing or its damaging consequences [22]. Yet, the experience of being listened to, and the opportunities to have their experiences validated and assigned meaning, can have positive effects [22,23] and lead to empowerment [21]. Furthermore, the social impact of research cannot be underestimated. The results of studies can be used to inform policies and professional practices to improve prevention and intervention on VAC that go beyond the immediate participants of the studies themselves, to the benefit of other children [22].
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Rev. esc. enferm. USP  vol.48 número3

Rev. esc. enferm. USP vol.48 número3

In synthesis, the analyzed scieniic producion pro- vided evidence that in some situaions that are typical from adolescence as depression, suicidal ideaion and dis- saisfacion with life. Besides that, precursor factors that lead to adolescence mental health issues were ideniied as psychosis, anxiety, conduct or eaing disorders and toxic substances abuse. In relaion to the risk factors with higher probability to adolescence mental health issues, physical, psychological and sexual violence sufered within the family environment consitutes the most severe factor and can lead to psychopathologies, especially in the iniial phase of adolescence.
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Characteristics of sexual violence against adolescent girls and adult women

Characteristics of sexual violence against adolescent girls and adult women

The vulnerability of adolescents to sexual crimes sug- gests that they require the same legal protection mea- sures that are applied to children, the high rate of intrafamilial sexual abuse provides supporting evidence for this need. However, this study found a significant proportion of adolescents face sexual violence in situa- tions similar to those experienced by adult women, something that has been less frequently reported in the literature. This seems to be characteristic of urban situa- tions, consistent with the prevalence of perpetrators unkonwn the victim, who approached or threatened the victim in public spaces.
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Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant.  vol.12 número1

Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. vol.12 número1

presenting the variables that were significantly asso- ciated with each one of the dependent variables, the prevalence ratios and their respective 95% confi- dence intervals (95%CI). Model 1: female students who had been subjected to any type of violence (yes/no); Model 2: female students who had been subjected to sexual violence (yes/no); Model 3: male students who had perpetrated any type of violence (yes/no); Model 4: male students who had perpe- trated gender violence (yes/no); and Model 5: male students who had perpetrated sexual violence against women (yes/no). The following independent vari- ables were considered: age (in years), marital status (single/stable union), color (white/non-white), source of income (employed/other; student grant only), family income (≤5 minimum salaries/ >5 minimum salaries), religion (some/ none), impor- tance given to religion (very important/ other impor- tance or no religion), field of study (exact sciences/ humanities or biological sciences); level (undergra- duate/ postgraduate), residence (university dorms or mixed-sex student accommodation/ with family/other), score for attitude towards gender (<14; 14), score for attitude towards ethics (≥48; <48).
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Sexual violence toward children and youth in war-torn eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

Sexual violence toward children and youth in war-torn eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

Prompt presentation for medical care is crucial for the timely administration of post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV, treatment of other STIs, and management of pregnancy risk. In our pediatric cohort, approximately half of patients presented 72 hours or more after the assault, and delayed presentation was more common in patients 10–18 years old. Similarly, 76% of patients presented beyond 72 hours in another study [21]. Some reasons for delayed presentation in our area may include lack of awareness of ideal timing for STI prophylaxis, financial constraints, geographic barriers, and shame associated with disclosure of sexual violence. In one study, 100% of 153 women arrived at the hospital within 72 hours of their assault, suggesting that education campaigns for young girls might address remediable barriers to early presentation in our setting. Furthermore, our finding that 67% of eligible pediatric patients received post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV suggests that opportunities for improved management exist in the pediatric age group.
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Impact of violence on the health of the populations in the Americas

Impact of violence on the health of the populations in the Americas

30. It should be noted that violence against the elderly, whether in the home, assisted living facilities, or institutions, is perhaps the type of violence for which we have the least information. However, elderly people suffer violence in different forms, from confinement, abandonment, and neglect by their closest relatives, to physical punishment, sexual abuse, or homicide. On the street, they are run over by vehicles or assaulted. Concern about elder abuse have been growing, for in recent decades people in both the developed and developing countries have come to realize that there will be an enormous increase in the population in this age group. Industrialization is undermining the traditional interdependence between generations of the same family. For the elderly, this phenomenon is often accompanied by material and emotional problems. In many developing countries, the speed of social and economic change has helped to weaken, and often destroy, family and community support networks for the older generation. The rates of elder abuse in community as well as institutional settings are likely higher than those that could be inferred from the general statistics on violence produced by the countries. Some of these discrepancies are due to the fact that elder abuse was not recognized as such until the 1970s. Deaths among elderly people in institutional settings and the community were often attributed to natural causes, accidents, or ill-defined causes, when they were actually the result of abuse or neglect. Canada has created a system devoted exclusively to the reporting of elder abuse. 11
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PRÁTICAS PROFISSIONAIS QUE SILENCIAM A VIOLÊNCIA INTRAFAMILIAR CONTRA CRIANÇAS E ADOLESCENTES

PRÁTICAS PROFISSIONAIS QUE SILENCIAM A VIOLÊNCIA INTRAFAMILIAR CONTRA CRIANÇAS E ADOLESCENTES

The reductionist action in relation to situa- tions of domestic violence against children and adolescents encompasses a set of professional practices that engage in meeting only the physical needs presented by the victims, excluding, from the intervention process, the legal aspects that involve the handling of these situations, among them the obligatory notification of suspected or confirmed cases with the Child Protective Council. The prac- tices adopted by some professionals, in relation to a victimized child or adolescent, are to check vital signs, dress wounds, and apply medication as nec- essary. I will be very sincere, when they [victims] come here we check the vital signs, we weigh this child and medicate when necessary. Of course the doctor will do the anamnesis, but basically this is what we, the nursing professionals did (P 3 ).
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Rev. Saúde Pública  vol.41 número3

Rev. Saúde Pública vol.41 número3

This fi nding provides motivation for at least two ad- ditional specifi c studies. The fi rst one would analyze social exclusion, related social vulnerability, and violence. This motivation is reinforced by the SP- South site’s high prevalence of current violence while having the lowest educational level when statistically compared with the other sites. The second study would examine the supposition, also suggested by the pres- ent fi ndings, that vulnerability to violence is higher among women who either are living with HIV/Aids or consider themselves at greater risk of having sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/Aids. This supposition also reaffi rms many of the warnings in the literature. 3,7,8
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Esc. Anna Nery  vol.18 número2

Esc. Anna Nery vol.18 número2

Faced with the lack of limits of some students with regard to situations of violence reported, highlighting the action of groups, led by another student(s), triggering an atmosphere of fear and insecurity through threats against teachers, professionals and other students, if the acts are denounced as their authorship and those responsible have to answer along the direction of the school. Was evidenced in the lines of teenagers a rather signiicant seizure of the concept of bullying and of its intense presence in school life today. The bullying reveals small "everyday violence", "micro-victimization" or "incivilities", performed in a power relationship in which some students are weakened, because of certain personal characteristics, certain diferences 15 . It is
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Women’s movements and their in luence on policies

Women’s movements and their in luence on policies

T his article aims to determine whether and in what ways women’s movements vary their strategies according to the political scenario they encounter. It fo- cuses on policies and legislation regarding domestic violence against women (DVAW). The research question builds on the existing literature that recognises the key role of women’s movements in bringing DVAW and other women’s issues onto the public agenda and in lu- encing political actors to adopt measures to tackle the problem. It also draws on literature that identi ies the relevant actors who produce policies to deal with DVAW, particularly women legislators and women’s policy agencies (WPAs). Finally, it uses for theoretical support the political process approach and considers those actors that can open opportu- nities for women’s movements. It refers to the in luence of international actors as well as to the policies and legislation actually adopted in the countries under analysis, although it does not develop those aspects, directing its focus more speci ically on the strategies. Ad- ditionally, although women’s movements is a complex concept that consists of women’s organisations, activists and supporters, all dealing with women’s issues, for practical rea- sons this article focuses only on the organisations, which can be more clearly identi ied.
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Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto)  vol.24 número58

Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto) vol.24 número58

To be consolidated, a ield of knowledge requires qualiication of studies by means of a competent peer review and the availability of irst-line journals. The knowledge produced in Psychology, as in any other area, advances when it is supported by the socialization of scientiic knowledge, allowing the reader to sharpen relective thinking. We understand that the quality of a scientiic journal demands the compliance with criteria required for indexing databases and can be measured through the impact of published articles. Paidéia has invested in achieving the goals deined in its plan of action in 2012, with the aim of expanding its internationalization and creating opportunities for authors to publish articles that will be used by practitioners and researchers.
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