Top PDF Strategy evaluation of industrial enterprises in business process reengineering in manufacturing

Strategy evaluation of industrial enterprises in business process reengineering in manufacturing

Strategy evaluation of industrial enterprises in business process reengineering in manufacturing

The results of the analysis. Author improved SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering, which is the clustering of business processes in the spheres of management of industrial enterprise and the development of appropriate indicators of economic data clusters. It is calculated the resulting weighted evaluation during SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering of industrial engineering industry. It was conducted the rank estimation of SWOT-analysis components of business process reengineering industry. The coefficients of concordance of Kendel defect components SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering. It is formed matrix interactions strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during reengineering of business processes at industrial plants (project level).
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Manufacturing strategy issues in selected Indian manufacturing industry

Manufacturing strategy issues in selected Indian manufacturing industry

After Skinner's (1969) landmark article, manufacturing strategy has received lot of attention from various researchers. Hayes and Wheelwright (1984) have defined manufacturing strategy as a consistent pattern of decision making in the manufacturing function which is linked to the business strategy. Hill (1987) stated that manufacturing strategy represents a coordinated approach, which strives to achieve consistency between functional capabilities and policies for success in the marketplace. Swamidass and Newell (1987) defined manufacturing strategy as a tool for effective use of manufacturing strength as a competitive weapon for the achievement of business and corporate goals. Cox and Blackstone (1998) defined manufacturing strategy as "a collective pattern of decisions that acts upon the formulation and deployment of manufacturing resources. To be most effective, the manufacturing strategy should act in support of the overall strategic directions of the business and provide for competitive advantages". Hernandez et al. (2006) evaluates the use of decision support systems, software process modelling, expert systems, business process reengineering, simulation software, ABC cost manufacturing models and manufacturing databases methods and tools in order to propose general improvements in a manufacturing system and evaluate the implementation of new techniques. Du Jun et.al (2006) presented a practical method to assist the justification of a reconfigurable manufacturing systems in deciding how to influence its operating environment and choose right reconfiguration technologies in order to maximize the performance measure and profitability. Various researchers have also developed analytic models for linking process parameters optimally with various manufacturing objectives and thus influencing the strategic decision making process in the manufacturing area of the firm.
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The balanced business portfolio evaluation procedure at industrial enterprises

The balanced business portfolio evaluation procedure at industrial enterprises

The results of the analysis. The main marketing features of business portfolio evaluation process were shown in the article. It was emphasized, that market correlation between business portfolio components is strongly needed to be mentioned during its balance estimation. It was justified, that one of the most effective ways to investigate this correlation correctly is based on identification of business portfolio’s components. We mentioned that according to modern market conditions, business portfolio can include not only just strategic business units (SBU), but also its supporting market activities, which add value to the main SBUs. Third product level was given as an example of supporting market activities.
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Scientifically-applied aspects of management process-oriented on industrial enterprises during realization of reengineering of business processes

Scientifically-applied aspects of management process-oriented on industrial enterprises during realization of reengineering of business processes

In this article the questions of theoretical base of process-oriented management is considered, features of functional and process management are investigated, pre-conditions and problem moments of introduction of the process-oriented management are certain, applied aspects of introduction of process management on a production during realization reengineering business process are analyses.

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BUSINESS PROCESS REENGINEERING AS THE METHOD OF PROCESS MANAGEMENT

BUSINESS PROCESS REENGINEERING AS THE METHOD OF PROCESS MANAGEMENT

The article includes analytical results of innovation activity of Ukrainian industrial enterprises. The enterprise innovation activity level, the level of innovations implementation into the Ukrainian industry has been researched. The dynamics of new innovation products and new technological products put into service, share of the innovation product sold in industrial output has been analysed. The level of the use of different types of innovation by industrial enterprises (marketing, organizational, process and product innovation) has been determined. The main sources of finance for innovation activities have been considered. The dividing of innovation activity costs in industrial sector has been considered. The main problems of innovative development of the Ukrainian industry have been determined. The activity of industrial enterprises in Ukraine is characterized by a low level of innovation activity, an insufficient volume of realized innovative products, a low financing of innovation activity. The suggestions, which shall promote the effectiveness of innovation activity of Ukrainian industrial enterprises, have been put forward.
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Devise and design a technology strategy in power distribution industrial, Case study: great tehran electrical distribution company.

Devise and design a technology strategy in power distribution industrial, Case study: great tehran electrical distribution company.

The main findings of this study can be summarized as follows: * scientific achievements investigation could, identify different attitudes in developing the technology strategy, and analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the models presented. * Explain and describe the characteristics of an appropriate model for strategy formulation and manufacturing technology to select the desired pattern. * Vision and mission to analyze the factors affecting the industries studied, including its strategic objectives and ultimately the strategic goals industry * Set the desired time horizon industrial business plans in order to clarify and explain the business-oriented industry and its specific operational plans. * Identify internal processes based on the model industry SIPOC (52 process), the identification and evaluation of key processes and activities associated with them * Strategic technology to determine key processes identified, assess the attractiveness - capability - each of them analyzed the risk of different regions template * Determine the direction of future industrial investments. * approach to consensus building and technology strategy one distinctive results of this study, the role of industry and its importance in developing the technology strategy
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UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN LOUVAIN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT and NOVA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN LOUVAIN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT and NOVA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

NOVA School of Business and Economics offers a great diversity of programs, such as undergraduate programs, pre-experience master programs in management, economics and finance, also Double Degree Programs and the CEMS MIM at the master level. Additionally, for students with experience it also offers full-time or part- time MBAs, PhDs and research opportunities (Nova SBE, 2013). Regarding executive education, it is provided by an independent structure Nova Forum, where various programs for mature students and organizations are offered, such as Management Programs, Executive Master Programs, and Corporate Learning Programs. The former consists of programs specifically designed for each organization taking into consideration its organizational culture and objectives. For Nova Form three main principles serve as guidance: importance given to research, relationship with companies and the evaluation given to the programs offered. Nova also has the Angola Business School, which offers educational programs in Angola (Nova Forum, 2013). Nova SBE is also introducing new programs such as one to learn Portuguese as a business language performed in partnership with Forum Macau and a summer program that is, as well, centered on learning Portuguese as business language to whom is interested in markets such as Brazil, Angola and Mozambique. In terms of research nova has two knowledge centers: Nova Finance Center and Novafrica (Nova Africa Center for Business &Economic Development). It also offers support services, such as a career management office (Nova SBE, 2013).
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Assessment Of Some Acceleration Schemes In The Solution Of Systems Of Linear Equations.

Assessment Of Some Acceleration Schemes In The Solution Of Systems Of Linear Equations.

Richardson with SOR, Chebyshev with Gauss-Seidel and Chebyshev with SOR. The iterative schemes were applied to Banded system, Tridiagonal systems and SPD system with varying dimensions. The Krylov subspace methods: GMRES, QMR, MINRES and BiCGSTAB converged to an approximate solutions less than or equal to the dimension of the coefficient matrix for each identified systems of linear equations. Again, Chebyshev and Richardson acceleration methods were the fastest convergence methods in terms of number of iterations. Again, Residual smoothing and the accelerated gradient schemes should be used for large and sparse systems of linear equations. The acceleration processes were very efficient when solving large and sparse systems of linear equation and therefore useful especially for systems resulting from the solution of partial differential equations.
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RAE electron.  vol.2 número1

RAE electron. vol.2 número1

Os atuais livros recomendados “Agile Manufacturing: The 21st century competitive strategy” (2001) e “Postponement Manufacturing in European Supply Chain: a triangular approach” (1998), são portanto muito oportunos e até complementares. Possibilitam uma visão ampla, clara, conceitual e ao mesmo tempo profunda e pratica dos assuntos: Cadeias de suprimento ágeis, sistemas de manufatura flexíveis, customização em massa e postponement até agora debatidos. São livros que se destacam entre as quase duas dezenas de títulos utilizados na disciplina de pós-graduação: Gestão de Rede de Suprimentos, oferecidas anualmente na EAESP - Fundação Getúlio Vargas.
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Study In Some Quality Attribute Of Meat

Study In Some Quality Attribute Of Meat

Traditionally meat quality is either eating quality or processing quality, therefore quality is directly associated with usage and is a multifaceted concept (Webb et al., 2005). Lawrie, (1991) stated that meat eating quality involves five attributes namely, colour, water holding capacity, tenderness, juiciness and flavour. All attributes are influenced by breed, sex, age, anatomical location, exercise, nutrition and internal variability. Color is an important criterion of raw or cooked meat and meat products. It reflects the proper composition of the products, particularly in relation of meat to other compounds, freshness of raw materials, texture, taste and proper conditions of storage (Klak et al., 2001; Alberti et al., 2002). Water holding capacity is the ability of meat to retain its own or added water during application of external forces such as cutting, heating, grinding, or pressing (Judge et al., 1989) . Cooking loss is one of the most important properties of sausage products as it is related to water holding capacity. There is variation in water holding capacity among different types of meat from different animal and muscles (Lawrie, 1991). Mukasa, (1981) defined texture of meat as the sensory manifestation of the structure of the meat and the manner in which the structure reacts to the force applied during biting. Simela et al., (2003) stated that meat tenderness and flavor are the most important components that determine meat quality. The Objective of this study is:
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Revised P3IEI Methodology for Organizational Process Reengineering in Complex Environment

Revised P3IEI Methodology for Organizational Process Reengineering in Complex Environment

According to Dooley (2002), we get organizational complexity as the amount of differentiation that exists within different elements constituting the organization. Complexity increase, leads to diversity and interaction not to be understandable, and also complexity increase leads to increase in mutual interdependency between agents that cause to emergent structures and behavior in CAS. This at the end brings opportunity about schemas changes. That is, processes with higher complexity have been affected by higher emergent patterns. Furthermore higher density or diversity of interdependency cause more and more complex landscape that this also drives to emergence of behavioral and structural patterns. Thus it is necessary to revise and re-organize schemas that have change in CAS, so organization as a CAS would be able to search actively for co-evolution and could get high fitness in adapting with its environment without any constraints between agents. Codification and abstraction that decrease process complexity, also vigorously caused to dimensionality decrease. On the other hand, when dimensionality increase or when individual agents have high degree of freedom to make decisions locally, then allow outcomes to emerge in a deviation-amplifying way or through positive feedback. Many of the creative activities found in firms emerge in this fashion (Dooley, Ven, 1999). Thus the more complex the process is, the more dimensional the agents are and the more process engineering is needed. Thus as a result we select those processes that have structure with higher complexity.
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Evaluation of process parameters in the industrial scale production of fish nuggets

Evaluation of process parameters in the industrial scale production of fish nuggets

Figure 2 presents the Pareto chart depicting the effect of the investigated variables on protein content. From this figure, it can be observed that temperature exerted a negative effect on protein content. This result is in agreement with the literature, which reports a reduction in protein solubility in carps with increasing temperature (SAEKI; INOUE, 1997). This fact seems to be related to protein denaturation caused by physical agents (heat, irradiation, ultraviolet) and chemicals (guanidine chloride, urea, organic solvents, detergents and extreme pH conditions) (SAEKI; INOUE, 1997). The myofibrillars proteins of some fish species are thermal and chemically unstable compared to proteins obtained from other vertebrate animals (JONES, 1982). It should be mentioned that the presence of solubilized proteins during the sample preparation step, mainly after salt addition, is important to the formation of the interfacial proteic Figure 1. Pareto chart with the estimated effect (absolute value) of
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Assessment Of NPK In Human Male And Female Urine For Its Fertilising Potential In Agriculture

Assessment Of NPK In Human Male And Female Urine For Its Fertilising Potential In Agriculture

se of excreta on arable land secures valuable fertilisers for crop production and limits the negative impact on water bodies [29,13, 6]. The environmental impact of excreta disposal usage would always be less than that of the direct use of water bodies as the primary recipient of excreta and greywater [29]. To preserve its fertility, arable land needs to be compensated for the plant nutrients removed. Today, chemical fertilisers produced by fossil resources do mostly this. In the long-term perspective the world cannot securely rely on fossil resources, as the recycling of plant nutrients. Another way of compensating soil fertility is from human excreta’s direct application to arable land [18]. Urine has been used as a valuable plant food for centuries in many parts of the world, particularly in the Far East. It is surprising, therefore, that nearly all the urine produced in the West and in Africa goes to waste and is lost to agriculture [16]. Urine is known to contribute the major proportion of the nutrients (N, P and K) in domestic wastewater as compared to faeces which even poses a greater health risk when used [9]. Thus, separating the urine which accounts for about 1% of the total wastewater flow, and using it as fertilizer makes it possible to utilize most of the nutrient content of wastewater [10]. Urine is usually collected in a source separating toilet [20], and nitrogen
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Factors Affecting The Adoption Of Mhealth In Maternal Health Care In Nakuru Provincial General Hospital

Factors Affecting The Adoption Of Mhealth In Maternal Health Care In Nakuru Provincial General Hospital

of social commitments and values such as social justice and equity, which are stated in their constitutions, signed treaties and conventions. Ministries of health oversee the overall development of health systems using their governance function, which includes policy analysis and formulation, regulating service delivery between partners, developing norms and standards for quality assurance and ensuring the implementation of agreed upon policies and strategies. The importance of ICTs in development process was long recognized and access to ICTs has even been made one of the targets of the Millennium Development Goal No. 8 (MDG 8),which emphasizes the benefits of new technologies, especially ICTs in the fight against poverty [26]. In the implementation of mHealth, ICT is a key component therefore policies on penetration, adoption and utilization of ICT in the health sector play a key role in enhancing mHealth adoption. The telecommunications sector of some countries such as Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal, are very dynamic. Yet, as shown in the introductory section, Africa as a whole continues to lag behind other regions of the world. This is primarily as a result of the high cost of services [27]. Based on a review conducted across 17 Sub-Saharan African countries, Calandroet. al. argue that the national objectives of achieving universal and affordable access to the full range of communications services have been undermined either by poor policies constraining market entry and the competitive allocation of available resources; weak institutional arrangements with a dearth of technical capacity and competencies; and, in some instances, regressive taxes on usage. Gillwald [28] argues that in addition to competition and open access regimes, effective regulation of other factors such as spectrum and interconnection and tariffs are required to stimulate market growth, improve access, and lower prices. This is because: many competitive markets with several players have experienced spectrum allocation problems high cost of services as a result of retrogressive tax on mobile communications despite having an open market with several operators such as Uganda and expensive leased lines generally available from incumbent operators which hare mostly unregulated contributed to the high cost of doing business and inhibited growth and employment opportunities [28].
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Roughness of surface of vacuum castings prepared in plaster moulds

Roughness of surface of vacuum castings prepared in plaster moulds

Experimental castings were prepared in moulds made of two types of plaster. Cast temperatures were 1120 and 1200°C for bronzes and 700 and 800°C for silumin. Temperatures of the mould were 500 and 600°C for bronzes and 200 and 300°C for aluminum alloy. The roughness measurements were carried out with use of Hommelwerke Tester T1000. The average arithmetic deviation of roughness profile Ra, the ten-point height of irregularities Rz and maximum peak to valley height Rm, were measured.

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Spillovers from Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Bolsa Família and Crime in Urban Brazil

Spillovers from Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Bolsa Família and Crime in Urban Brazil

This paper uses school and crime data from the city of São Paulo, Brazil, to present one of the first pieces of evidence on the effect of Bolsa Família – or, for that matter, of any CCT program – on crime. 1 Making use of a unique dataset combining detailed school characteristics with time and geo-referenced crime information, we estimate the contemporaneous impact of the number of children covered by Bolsa Família within a school on crime in the school neighborhood. The number of children covered by CCT in an area at a moment in time is determined by the incidence of poverty and unemployment and by other socioeconomic characteristics, all likely to be correlated with crime. This precludes the interpretation of the correlation between Bolsa Família coverage and crime as causal. We overcome this problem by exploiting the 2008 expansion of the program to adolescents aged 16 and 17, from an initial setting where maximum age of coverage was 15. We construct an instrument that combines the timing of expansion and the initial demographic composition of schools to identify plausibly exogenous variations in the number of children covered by the CCT. This instrument allows us to estimate the causal impact of Bolsa Família on crime. We find a robust and significant negative impact of Bolsa Família transfers on crime. Our estimate suggests that the expansion of Bolsa Família between 2006 and 2009, corresponding to roughly 59 more students covered per school, caused a 21% reduction in crime in school neighborhoods (94 fewer crimes per school per year).
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Evaluation And Characterization Of Trace Metals Contamination In The Surface Sediment Using Pollution Load Index PLI And Geo-Accumulation Index Igeo Of Ona River Western Nigeria

Evaluation And Characterization Of Trace Metals Contamination In The Surface Sediment Using Pollution Load Index PLI And Geo-Accumulation Index Igeo Of Ona River Western Nigeria

Abstract: Evaluation and Characterization of Trace Metal Contamination in the Surface Sediment Using Pollution Load Index (PLI) and Geo-accumulation Index (Igeo) Index of Ona River was conducted for six months. From the result of this study, the mean values of lead ranged between 0.004 mg/kg and 0.330 mg/kg, while the mean iron was highest (5.05 mg/kg) in station 4 and lowest (2.26 mg/kg) in station 5. The mean chromium value ranged from 0.007 mg/kg (station 1 and 2) to 0.021 mg/kg (station 3 and 4). The mean copper was highest (3.97 mg/kg) in station 1 and lowest (0.008 mg/kg) in station 2. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed the same trend in spatial variation of these heavy metals. There was a significant difference (P< 0.05) in lead, chromium and copper among the study sampling stations and insignificant difference (P>0.05) in iron among the study sampling station. The PLI values recorded for all the stations were below 1. Thus the sediment of the study stretch that Ona River is unpolluted. The Igeo values for chromium and iron fall in class ‘0’ in all the five sampling stations, indicating that there is no pollution from these metals in the Ona River sediments, lead fall in class ‘3’ in station 4indicating moderately to heavily contaminated condition and class ‘0’in station 1, 2, 3 and 5 and copper fall in class ‘3’ in station 4 and 5, in class ‘6’ in station 3 indicating extremely contaminated condition. The Igeo values were consistent with those derived for PLI. All trace metals had concentrations below the EPA regulatory limits for sediment except iron. From the results of this study, sediment quality reflects the impacts of anthropogenic activities on quality of the river. However, the continuous build-up of the metal contaminants can be checked if relevant government agencies ensure strict compliant of industrial standards which stipulate treatment of industrial waste before discharging such contaminated effluents/wastes into River. Therefore, perpetual assessment is highly recommended to minimize the potential health hazards of the people who surely depend on the River water for fishing and agricultural purposes.
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Communal values : shaping the way of doing business in industrial districts

Communal values : shaping the way of doing business in industrial districts

All forms of economic activity will require the social collaboration of human beings. In the words of Fukuyama (1992, p. 66) “The workplace draws people out of their private lives and connects them to a wider social world. That connectedness is not just a means to the end of earning but an important end of human life itself. A fundamental human desire for recognition.” As Fukuyama argued in The End of History and the Last Man, every human being seeks to have his or her dignity recognized by other human beings. Indeed, he goes further stating that this need for recognition is the chief motors of the entire human historical process, so that beyond subsistence levels, economic activity is frequently undertaken for the sake of recognition rather than merely as a means of satisfying natural material needs. Economic activity represents a crucial part of social life and is knit together by a wide variety of norms, rules, moral obligations, and other habits that shape society, economic actors support one another because they believe that they form a community based on mutual trust. Economic life is deeply embedded in social life, so it must be understood as part of customs, morals, and habits of the society, the culture in general.
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INNOVATION-LED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THROUGH MARKETING AND TAX INCENTIVES

INNOVATION-LED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THROUGH MARKETING AND TAX INCENTIVES

On the other hand, research and development (R&D) expenditures stimulate innovation, and economic growth. Also, it is important if the governments adopt measures in order to support the development of the business environment. Consequently, R&D activities need to be adequately funded. Incentives for researchers may represent, for a country, the chance to keep valuable brains, to channel their talent and energy on innovation generation, to contribute to society and economy development. In various countries, adopting measures in the area of the corporate tax has an impact on the decision of firms to innovate. If the tax will increase, it may become more expensive to initiate a business, with a negative impact on innovation.
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Pregnancy in Chronic Arthritis: Only a Matter of Planning

Pregnancy in Chronic Arthritis: Only a Matter of Planning

Anakinra is a recombinant interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonist. In animal studies, no harm to the fetus has been demonstrated. The drug is considered Category B but little has been reported about its safety in this setting (Table 2). Tocilizumab is a monoclonal antibody directed against IL-6 receptors and capable of blocking downstream signalling. The drug is considered Category C and no teratogenicity has been demonstrated in animal models, although at high dose there was increased risk of abortion (Table 2). Abatacept works by blocking interactions between antigen- presenting cells and T cells via binding to CD80/ CD86 on antigen-presenting cells, with subsequent inhibition of T cell activation. The drug is considered Category C and there are inadequate data to fully comment on its safety during pregnancy (Table 2), although animal studies saw no increased risk when exposed to the maximum recommended human dose. Current recommendations are to discontinue therapy at least 10 weeks before conception. Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against CD20, depletes B cells. Animal studies are limited but show no teratogenic efect, although B cells have been demonstrated to be reduced in ofspring. 60
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