Top PDF A study on relationship between social capital and sustainable development

A study on relationship between social capital and sustainable development

A study on relationship between social capital and sustainable development

This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the relationship between social capital components, social trust, social cohesion, social participation and social security, and sustainable development in city of Salmas, Iran. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale, distributes it among 384 randomly selected people who live in this city. Cronbach alpha has been calculated as 0.92, which is well above the minimum acceptable level. Using regression technique, the study has determined a positive and meaningful relationship between three components of social capital and sustainable development including social cohesion, social participation and social security. However, the study does not confirm the relationship between social trust and sustainable development.
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The impact of financial development and globalization on economic growth

The impact of financial development and globalization on economic growth

This revised version of the index introduces a clear distinction between de facto and de jure measures of globalization. Moreover, de facto measures of globalization include variables that represent flows and activities and de jure measures include variables that represent policies that, in principle, enable flows and activities (Gygli et al., 2018).The dimensions the KOF Globalization Index used in this investigation are: (i) de jure economic globalization (KOFE_dj) compound by trade regulations, taxes, tariffs and, others; (ii) de facto economic globalization (KOFE_df) includes trade in goods, services, partner diversification, foreign direct investment and, others; (iii) de jure financial globalization (KOFFi_dj) compound by investment restrictions and, capital account openness; (iv) de facto financial globalization (KOFFi_df) includes foreign direct investment, portfolio investment, international debt, international reserves and, international income payments; (v) de facto social globalization (KOFSo_df) compound international voice traffic, international tourism, patent applications, international students and, others; and (vi) de jure political globalization (KOFPo_dj) includes international organisations, international treaties and, number of partners in investment treaties.
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The Relationship Between Intellectual Capital and Firm Value: A Study in Istanbul Stock Exchange

The Relationship Between Intellectual Capital and Firm Value: A Study in Istanbul Stock Exchange

Sonuç olarak entelektüel sermaye kavramının tüm dünyada geçer bir tanımı yoktur. Ancak literatüre bakıldığında entelektüel sermayenin tanımı ve sınıflandırılması konusundaki görüşlerin birbirine benzediği ve belirli kaynaklara atıfta bulunulduğu görülmektedir. Son yıllarda daha yoğun bir şekilde tartışılıyor olmasına rağmen; entelektüel sermaye kavramının hemen hemen on yıllık bir geçmişinin olması ve konunun soyut özellikler taşıması nedeniyle genel kabul görmüş bir tanımlamanın olmaması normal kabul edilebilir. Literatürdeki tanımlardan yola çıkarak entelektüel sermaye kavramını, “bir firmadaki insanlar tarafından bilinen ve ona rekabet üstünlüğü kazandıran şeylerin toplamıdır” şeklinde özetlenebilir (Stewart, 1997, s. 27).
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The Relationship between Human Capital and Financial Performance

The Relationship between Human Capital and Financial Performance

Organizations are entering into knowledge-based economy,theeconomy in which knowledge and assets are recognized as the most important competitive advantage of organizations. One of the elements of invisible assets is human capital which has an important impact on performanceand strategicimplementation of organization. Therefore recognition, measurement, and management of human capitalhave special importance and lead to observe real values of organizations. The aim of this research is studying relationship between financial performance and human capital. The sample includes all listed companies in Tehran stock exchange between 2008 and 2012 which 83 companies was studied after screening (systematic elimination). The method of study is correlative-descriptive. Findings of the study show that there is a significant relationship between human and financial performance. Also findings indicate that there is significant relationship between human capital and earnings per share, annual stock return, and return on total equities.
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Study the Relationship between Financial Development Market and Economical Growth in Iran

Study the Relationship between Financial Development Market and Economical Growth in Iran

At associated with the second approach, Goldsmith was the first scholars who showed the positive relationship between financial development and economic growth. He attempts to explain the channel which emergence of markets and financial institutions impact on economic development through them . In study of Gold Smith (1960) is clear the severe correlation between the financial system volume and economic growth but direction of causality can not be determined between these two variables. Liang and Tang believe that if a financial system has no optimal performance for allocation of capital and resources , the economical growth will not happen because of the fact that financial system is not supported by the market; so , the economy still remains incomplete and underdeveloped . They concluded that there is a unilateral causal relationship between economic growth and financial development in the long run. By using the information of 69 developing countries and by applying the technique of Muhammad Tripoli , one research was shown that financial development has a serious role on economic growth in the countries. In survey by Muhammad Tripoli concluded financial development has a
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Rev. adm. empres.  vol.50 número2

Rev. adm. empres. vol.50 número2

Many environmentalist currents have adhered to the movement for sustainable development, while many cri- ticize it severely for various reasons. Ecocentric currents point out that the movement is anthropocentric to the marrow and does not represent a deep change, or a chan- ge in kind, to use Dobson’s words, in the relationship of humans with other living beings and nature elements, but only a change in degree, thus characterizing a me- rely reformist approach. One of the major criticisms stems from the fact that this movement is impelled by large multinational companies, which had previously boycotted the so-called “eco-development” proposition. This proposition, according to Sachs (1986, p. 115-116), one of its creators, “posits a solidary view for the long term that comprehends the whole of humanity”, and its emphasis should be on local autonomy spaces, which are both its starting point and the place every political movement should necessarily stop by in order to con- duct this new concept of development. This proposition would displease both state dirigisme and free enterprise supporters. The latter because of the emphasis of the proposition on endogenous, community-based develo- pment and its criticism of imitative economic growth, which seeks to reproduce the consumption standards and social processes of industrialized countries (SACHS, 1986, p. 53). Thus attacked by powerful actors in the in- ternational scenario, eco-development-pertaining ideas were put aside. It would not be long before the phrase sustainable development emerged, bringing other con- cepts and becoming a worldwide success.
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A study on relationship between quality of life and employee performance

A study on relationship between quality of life and employee performance

This paper studies the relationship between quality of life and its eight components with employee performance in general directorate of youth and sport in province of Golestan, Iran. The study uses a questionnaire developed by Walton (1974) [Walton, R. E. (1974). Improving quality of work life. Harvard Business Review, 52(3), 12.] for quality of life and a standard questionnaire named ACHIEVE consists of 25 questions for measuring the performance. Using Spearman correlation test, the study has determined a positive and meaningful relationship between employee performance and eight components of Walton’s model including adequate and fair compensation, safe and healthy working conditions, development of human competencies, growth and security, social integration, constitutionalization and total life space and social reliance.
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The relationship between S&T development and (social) science productivity in Europe

The relationship between S&T development and (social) science productivity in Europe

Surprisingly, the results reveal that Germany, Netherlands, France and United Kingdom are no longer the leaders in the development of S&T systems, and the top positions have been taken by Northern European countries namely Finland, Denmark and Sweden where investment in R&D increased steadily over the past 20 years. There has been broad debate on the model of societal development in Nordic countries with regard to the sustainability of their Welfare State models and the viability of the European social model (Ferrera, M., 1996; Ferrera, M., Hemerijk, A. & Rhodes, M., 2000; Esping-Andersen, G., 1990, 1999; Silva, P. A. 2002). Their leadership in both S&T investment and the increase in researchers allow us to develop two hypotheses, which future research may confirm. Firstly, the social-democratic perspective on the viability of the European social model – sustained by an increase in the production of wealth according to the Strategic European Goal for 2020 – is likely to be confirmed through the experience of these Nordic countries, which would constitute a political challenge for the rest of Europe. Secondly, these results could give rise to the reshaping of European leadership in economic and social development, if Germany, France and the United Kingdom do not reverse their S&T investment trends of the past 20 years. The data not only indicate a change in the leading countries as mentioned above, but also the alteration of the positions of other countries in the European space for science. With the exception of Greece, Southern European countries have made considerable advances as have some Eastern Europe countries, notably the Czech Republic and Slovenia.
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The Study of the Relationship between Social and Intellectual Capital and Organizational Performance of Police (NAJA) Agents

The Study of the Relationship between Social and Intellectual Capital and Organizational Performance of Police (NAJA) Agents

The term “intellectual capital” was first used by John Kenneth Galbraith in 1969. He believed that intellectual capital goes beyond “thought with the meaning of mere thought”, it incorporates some degrees of thought action. In this sense, not only is intellectual capital, by itself, an static intangible asset, but also an ideological process and it is considered as a tool to achieve the goal. There are different definitions for intellectual capital in different sources but researchers has not yet reached an agreement on one comprehensive definition, many tend to use terms like assets, resources or performance stimuli instead of the therm “capitaland they replace the term “intellectual” with terms like intangible, knowledge-based or non-financial. Bearing in mind what was said, different definitions have been presented for intellectual capital as follows:
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A study on relationship between organizational culture and communication apprehension

A study on relationship between organizational culture and communication apprehension

Lippert et al. (2005) applied communication constructs to the ecological model of academic risk, which proposed that academic risk was a function of individual, social, and cultural communication phenomena. They reported that first, at‐risk students communicated more with friends about school than did regular‐admission students, second levels of communication apprehension varied depending on at‐risk status and gender, and third levels of verbal aggression varied depending on at‐risk status. According to McCroskey et al. (1985) investigated the content validity of the most recent version of the instrument, PRCA‐24 and reported that the scores generated by the new instrument were relatively independent of the context‐based content of the items employed.
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Corporate social responsibility and sustainable development. A Schaeffler Romania case study

Corporate social responsibility and sustainable development. A Schaeffler Romania case study

Sustainability business targets have rapidly become increasingly relevant for companies, but also for their stakeholders. A strategic approach to CSR is undoubtedly important to a company’s competitiveness (Dey, 2012). It can bring benefits in terms of risk management, cost savings, access to capital, customer relationships, human resource management, and innovation capacity (Mohr, 1996). It also encourages more social and environmental responsibility from the corporate sector, at a time when the crisis has damaged consumer confidence and the levels of trust in business. CSR helps pave the way for partnerships between businesses and
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EVOLUTION AND STRUCTURE OF “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”: A BIBLIOMETRIC STUDY

EVOLUTION AND STRUCTURE OF “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”: A BIBLIOMETRIC STUDY

Sustainable development is an interdisciplinary subject that has developed dramatically over the last few decades. Bibliometrics offers quantitative analytical techniques with which to study the development and growth of research in this area. The information used for the present study was retrieved from the SCI-EXPANDED, SSCI, and A&HCI (Thomson Reuters) databases. The search was made on the topic "Sustainable development", limited to Document Types (Article) and Time Span (1900-2013). The result was a total of 13 093 articles retrieved. During the last 10 years, the annual (exponential) growth rate has been 12%, corresponding to a 6-year doubling time. The productivity of the authors varied widely. The 23 290 occurrences of the articles were distributed among 218 Web of Science categories. "Environmental Sciences" was the top-ranked category, with 3427 occurrences (by itself accounting for more than 26% of the total, and presenting the greatest diversity), followed by "Environmental Studies" (2417), "Ecology" (1046), and "Economics" (933). The methodological approach taken in the present work could be used to describe the structure of any other scientific field and its relationships with other disciplines, and to visualize the relationship between the different WoS categories conforming the subject under study.
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On the relationship between intellectual capital and financial performance: A panel data analysis on SME hotels

On the relationship between intellectual capital and financial performance: A panel data analysis on SME hotels

Relational capital, human capital and structural capital assume importance for the success of SME hotels, which according to Engström et al. (2003) are the basis of service quality in the hotels sector. In fact, regarding the equation (1), the effect of relational capital (β = 0.38, Table 4) presents a superior relative magnitude in comparison to the effects of human capital (β = 0.191, Table 4) and structural capital (β = 0,0194, Table 4). Therefore, the superior relative magnitude of the e ffect of relational capital suggests that this component contributes more than the other components of IC to the financial performance of SME hotels. This result suggests that SME hotel financial performance is enhanced by the establishment and maintenance relationships with key stakeholders. In fact, the relational capital refers to the firm’s capacity to cooperate with external stakeholders, using the human capital and structural capital capacities. In this context, the relationships with the customers in fluencing their satisfaction and loyalty as well as the im- portance of the relationships with other stakeholders in the value channel, seem to contribute positively to SME hotel financial perfor- mance. Therefore, the results of the current study seem to corroborate the argument of Saint-Onge (1996) that IC is a process that develops through flows, i.e., the increase in relational capital is a consequence of increase of human and structural capital and, in turn, the growth of relational capital will lead to the growth of financial capital for hotel firms.
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en 0102 6933 rgenf 36 spe 0215

en 0102 6933 rgenf 36 spe 0215

Contrarily to the situational diagnosis and planning of actions that seek to address the relationship between environmental health and human health in a broader manner, the interests of the market, which in the case of this research is represented by the tobacco industry, “are under a lot of pressure to hide these things, pretend they don’t happen” (M1). Currently, there is some tension in the municipalities of tobacco producers between the public interest, which must be defended by various sec- toral departments that represent the State in the pursuit of the common good, and the economic interests of the market. The municipalities selected for this study did not disregard the impact of tobacco on tax collection, which brings economic benefits, however, the initiatives that promote economic development with environ- mental sustainability are scarce or practically non-ex- istent. When discussing the diversity of cultivation and
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A social work study on relationship between transactional and laissez-fair leadership style and personality traits: A case study of educational system

A social work study on relationship between transactional and laissez-fair leadership style and personality traits: A case study of educational system

In this paper, we present a study among 180 school principals in city of Khomeinishahr, located in province of Esfahan, Iran. The study selects a sample of 123 principals and investigates ten hypotheses. The first five hypotheses are associated with the relationship between transactional leadership and five personality trait components including neuroticism, extraversion, resilience, participative and consciousness and the hypotheses have the following form,

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The Relasionship among Quality and Structure of Social Capital and Organizational Entrepreneurship: a Case Study at Mazinoor Lighting Company

The Relasionship among Quality and Structure of Social Capital and Organizational Entrepreneurship: a Case Study at Mazinoor Lighting Company

  As you can see in table  , the rate of correlation coefficient between structural dimension of social capital  and  organizational  entrepreneurship  is  equal  .   with  meaningful  level  of  . .  Since  the  amount  of  meaningful level is less than the rate of the first kind error in  .  level, therefore, hypothesis (  is rejected.  )t  means  that,  there  is  a  meaningful  relationship  between  structural  dimension  of  social  capital  and  organizational entrepreneurship. The amount of correlation coefficient shows a strong relationship between  these  two  variables.  Besides,  since  the  correlation  coefficient  is  positive,  it  shows  this  point  that,  with  increasing  the  structural  dimension  of  social  capital,  the  rate  of  organizational  entrepreneurship  will  also  increase. 
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Investigating the Relationship between Organizational Social Capital and Service Quality in Teaching Hospitals

Investigating the Relationship between Organizational Social Capital and Service Quality in Teaching Hospitals

This is a cross-sectional, descriptive-analytic study on all workers and patients referring to educational hospitals of Tabriz, including Emam Reza, Shohada, Razi, Shahid Madani, Alzahra, Alavi, Nikukari, Kudakan, Sina and Taleghani Hospitals over a period of one month. The overall number of workers in 2010 and the overall population of patients referring to these hospitals in one month are 4658 and 14604, respectively. The most important objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the score of organizational social capital and the score of service quality for hospitals of Tabriz; since this relationship is studied using regression analysis and correlation coefficient, sample size was determined is such a way that correlation coefficients of 0.2 or higher are statistically significant with confidence interval of 95% and test power of 90%. Thus, the sample size for workers and patients was calculated to be 320.
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Study of relationship between time overrun and productivity on construction sites

Study of relationship between time overrun and productivity on construction sites

Chalabi and Camp (1984) found that delays and cost overruns of construction projects occur entirely in the very early stages of the project i.e. during the planning stages of project development. The project owners may be responsible for the time overrun when delays, suspensions or interruptions to all or part of the work are caused by an act or failure to act by the owner resulting from breaches of owner ’s obligations, stated or implied in the contract. These include failure of the owner or his representative (consultants) to furnish the contractor with relevant information, details etc. for which the contractor has specifically requested in writing. Rowlinson (1988) referring to the finding of Bromilow (1974) says that project owners were responsible for delays in issuing approvals, signing contracts and allowing site access. The finding also indicated that owners were responsible for the largest proportions of variations, all of which have time and cost implications. Rowlinson further refers to Wearne and Ninos (1984) finding that effective control of construction was dependent on the promoter’s decision on the authority vested in his project team. Whilst authority needs to be delegated to a member or members of the building team, it must not be forgotten that the client should provide an individual with authority to take decisions without reference back. The contractor on the other hand bears the risk associated with time overrun on matters related to low labour productivity, inadequate scheduling or mismanagement, construction mistakes, weather, equipment breakdowns, staffing problems, etc. There are however, time overrun caused by events beyond the control of either the owner or the contractor. Such delays may rise as a result of force majeure, exceptionally inclement weather, civil commotion, industrial unrest, just to mention but a few.
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A study on relationship between internal auditing and quality of financial statement

A study on relationship between internal auditing and quality of financial statement

In addition, in Eq. (3), OCF represents operating cash flow, Rev states the total revenue, DOCF is a dummy variable, which is one if money is going out and zero, otherwise. The residuals of Eq. (3) is multiplied by negative one and it yields DisWCA as discretionary working capital accruals. The last model was originally developed by Wallman (1996) and is as follows,

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STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COGNITIVE AND MOTION DEVELOPMENT AND LEARNING DISORDER IN BABIES WITH LOW BIRTH WEIGHT

STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COGNITIVE AND MOTION DEVELOPMENT AND LEARNING DISORDER IN BABIES WITH LOW BIRTH WEIGHT

The method of this study is descriptive-correlation. The statistical population of the study consisted of all low birth weight children in Iran-Shiraz. According to the unlimited and uncertainties of the statistical society, a targeted sampling method was used. In this way, 60 children aged 8 to 10 years old with low birth weight were selected from primary schools in 1th, 2nd and 3rd educational districts randomly. The criteria for entering the study were: the birth weight of the underweight children between 1500 and 2499 grams, and the exclusion criteria of the study were the physical and acute problem of children, which led to their elimination from the sample. Also, if the parents of the neonates were seeking to leave their child for any reason and at any time, the child was removed from the sample population.
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