Top PDF THE TEACHER AND STUDENTS IN TERMS OF THE INTERACTION APPROACH

THE TEACHER AND STUDENTS IN TERMS OF THE INTERACTION APPROACH

THE TEACHER AND STUDENTS IN TERMS OF THE INTERACTION APPROACH

Each interaction reveals a fragment of the addresser’s ego; it discovers it and reveals who we are and who we define as human beings. The essence of an interaction in this case consists in the maintenance of a balance between discovery of our various egos in the presence of others. It is in this interaction that Ego is revealed and it constitutes “a purposeful and voluntary process of supplying others with information on oneself in a manner considered to be honest and accurate” [Morreale et al. 2007, p. 120-121]. Interactions supply the participants of the teaching-learning process with information on one another. An excessively revealed ego becomes a threat to the individual revealing it. In the interaction process a gesture of the Other (a student or teacher) may not be evalu- ated with a specific bias, in the words of Turner [2006] “...we may hardly image a com- plete lack of any pre-conceived opinions”. In the further stages of the interaction pro- cess this interpretation is deepened and a participant of this process not only receives and interprets a gesture of the Other, but recognises it as a gesture, to which he/she has been prepared, or such which falls outside the anticipated scope. This is equivalent to a situation, when e.g. a teacher is expecting an incorrect answer from a student, of whom he/she is convinced that he/she is a poor student, then even a brilliant response when being called on will be treated as an unexplainable coincidence causing confusion. Teachers having a prior knowledge on students may use it when interpreting their ges- tures (verbal and non-verbal messages) 1 guided by the image of the person making this gesture. Thus we may say that the concept of the student (individual) both determines and creates the teacher-students interaction, while depersonalisation of a gesture is a rare phenomenon [Turner 2006, p. 272]. In this context a justified observation is made by the authors of “Interpersonal communication”, who stated that “meaning is found not in words, but in individuals” [Morreale et al. 2007, p. 304], as a result of which it is much easier to see in a person only somebody who has a single, simple ego, thus simpli- fying his/her image and interaction with that person.
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Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

Zimmerman (1999) in his article titled ―Mobile Computing: Characteristics, Benefits, and the Mobile fra mework‖ defined mobile computing as ―the use of computing devices, which usually interact in some way with a centralised information system while away from the normal fixed workplace‖. He went on to say that, Mobile computing technology enables the mobile person to create, access, process, store and communicate information without being constrained to a single location. It is on the above basis that this researcher views mobile computing as embracing a host of portable technologies the can access internet using wireless fidelity (WIFI). These range from notebook computers to tablets, to smartphones and e-book readers. Such devices have brought about Mobile learning (m-Learning) in Zimbabwe Polytechnics, enabling staff and students to share academic resources, be able to research and develop applications from wherever they are. Zimmerman (1999) went on to identify mobile computing hardware, software and communications in use then. He identified hardware as palmtops, clamshells, handheld Pen Keys, pen slates, and laptops. The characteristics of such devices in terms of screen size was small, processing capability was limited and supported a few mobile applications. Over the years mobile devices have improved in such characteristics to make mobile computing easy, fast and user friendly. Great improvements also came with the associated systems software, with the modern devices now running on Android, Symbian and windows 8 mobile, as compared to then when MS DOS, Windows 3.1, Pen DOS were used. In communications Zimmerman talked of internet speeds in kilobytes per second (Kbps), while today’s communications devices have speeds of gigabytes per second (Gbps
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Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

decoration in Airtam "the sculpture with the busts of musicians, gift-bearers was subjected to the unified principle of division of the entire space into rhythmic segments" [47, 86].As an example, one may consider the case when the sculpture had a religious or symbolic significance, and was a crucial element in resolving the entire interior ("Hall of Warriors" in Toprak-kale). But on the whole, in contrast to a more constrained medieval sculpture, antique one differed in realistic nature (right arrangement of the figures), expressiveness (the types of faces and their emotions), naturalness (in different curves of the body), through which the aesthetic sides of the structures were emphasized. Monumental characters of the structures, their ideological concepts (for example, the idea of greatness) were emphasized by means of sculpture. And, the most important aspect, the sculpture differed in architectonic manner (Buddhas - under the arches, gandharvas– between the acanthuses), as the determinant factor was still the scale of the monument, the height of the walls, the conditions of observation, the very architectonics of the interior. A high quality performance, especially in the Greco-Bactrian period, testified to the high skills of the artists, in the best traditions of Hellenic arts. "The artist could be acourt master from Seleucid accompanying the king to a distant Bactria" [30, 190]. It is assumed that in Bactria existed at least three sculptural schools; their students were familiar with Asia Minor sculpture schools [48, 125p]. Smooth walls of buildings were divided not only horizontally –by friezes, zofors, but also vertically - through door and window openings, columns and pilasters. The synthesis of architecture and decorative plastic forms, generally typical for later Hellenistic states, could be seen in the ancient Bactrian capitals - Corinthian and composite ones, representing a complete architectural form. Professional masters "were widely using the approach of architectonic
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Rev. bras. linguist. apl.  vol.14 número2

Rev. bras. linguist. apl. vol.14 número2

The main objective of this text is to discuss how a teacher has engaged in this critical work. The analysis of the 16 Letras course final papers, the 7 dissertations and the 2 theses have shown that they have engaged in this work both pedagogically and personally, that is, their engagement has been made in terms of lesson planning and their identities. By lesson planning, we mean the development of activities and materials focusing on social issues, which are devised by the teacher instead of being taken from textbooks; and identity is used here to describe “the way individuals and groups define themselves and are defined by others on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, language, and culture” (DENG, 1995, p. 1). According to Hall (1996), identity is a process, it is split, it is an ambivalent point instead of a fixed one, and it is also the relationship of the Other to oneself. In this article, I will discuss a Letras course final paper (ANDRADE, 2011) to show what I mean by these two types of engagement, but before that a brief theoretical discussion will be made.
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Analysis Of Lean Accounting JIT And Balance Scorecard In The Companys Lean Manufacturing

Analysis Of Lean Accounting JIT And Balance Scorecard In The Companys Lean Manufacturing

customer response times.[1]. Lean manufacturing can also purposed to lean effort and wasting time to increase goal production. By disspeared all 0f them wastes such as time, effort and finance. The company can competition with the other companies. And face uncertaintly in the future. This terms supported. Wang [2011] Lean manufacturing is the production of goods using less of everything compared to mass production: less waste, less human effort, less manufacturing space, less investment in tools, and less engineering time to develop a new product.[9] furthermore Boczko [2007] said that Lean manufacturing is a generic process management philosophy derived mostly from the Toyota Production System (TPS) as well as other industrial best practices. Lean manufacturing is renowned for its focus on reduction of Toyota’s original ―seven wastes‖ in order to improve overall customer satisfaction [9]. Lean manufacturing has good designed to the company that especially in the manufacturing field. Furthermore Hansen [2007] described that Lean manufacturing is thus an approach designed to eliminate waste and maximize customer value. It is characterized by delivering the right product, in the right quantity, with the right quality (zero-defect), at the exact time the customer needs it and at the lowest possible cost [7]. Line manufacturing can be priority by company to reach target achievement production appropriate costumer demand. Cesarony [2014] has opinion that Zero setup times, zero defects, zero inventories, zero waste, producing on demand, increasing a cell’s production rates, minimizing cost, and maximizing customer value represent ideal outcomes that a lean manufacturer seeks.[17]. In other hand lean manufacturing has
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Influence of playfulness in nursing education:  an action research           /          Influência do lúdico no ensino de enfermagem: uma pesquisa-ação

Influence of playfulness in nursing education: an action research / Influência do lúdico no ensino de enfermagem: uma pesquisa-ação

Objective: This research aims to propose and implement playfulness as a teaching strategy for nursing students. Methods: This is a qualitative, action research study that was carried out with 23 undergraduate nursing students from a Brazilian University. A game was used as a teaching strategy. Data were collected by means of participant observation as well as portfolio and evaluative records prepared by the students. Data analysis followed the operative approach for qualitative data. This research was also approved by the Ethics Committee under the Legal Opinion No. 193/09. Results: The game was implemented in two consecutive semesters and was positively evaluated as a strategy that facilitates learning, makes complex subjects more understandable and stimulates curiosity and teamwork. Conclusion: Playfulness is a promising interface for nursing teaching in the active methodology and favors the critical, creative and reflective training of students.
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The Existence Of Leading Islands Securing And The Border Areas Unitary State Of Indonesia An Analysis In Law Perspective

The Existence Of Leading Islands Securing And The Border Areas Unitary State Of Indonesia An Analysis In Law Perspective

Abstract: The research was carried with the aim to discover the existence of securing the foremost islands and state border region of the Republic of Indonesia reviewed from a legal perspective, which is directly related to the existence of security and dispute resolution methods as well as the governance of the foremost islands and border region in Kalimantan which bordering Malaysia. This study was conducted in Nunukan district and the surrounding provinces of Kalimantan, in this research method that used is normative legal analysis data with juridical and qualitative descriptive approach. The results showed that the security of foremost islands and border region of law perspective in accordance with the Law No. 34 of 2004 regarding the Indonesian National Army has not been implemented to the fullest to realize the security of foremost islands and border region as the frontline of the Republic of Indonesia. The existence of leading islands securing and the border region of the Republic of Indonesia still contain many weaknesses in terms of both governance and security.
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The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

The Impact of the Expansion of the Bolsa Familia Program on the Time Allocation of Youths And Their Parents Lia Chitolina Miguel Nathan Foguel Naercio Menezes-Filho

As the multinomial model is non-linear, the marginal effect of the treatment in a DID model is not the marginal impact of the interaction between time and treatment, but the difference of the cross-differences, as described by Puhani (2012). The results of Table 7 (in terms of marginal effects) show that the BVJ has a significant effect on the probability studying and working at the same time, but not on the other outcome variables. The estimated marginal effects mean that the probability of a youngster studying and working increases by 4.2 percentage points with the BVJ, compared with a baseline of 30% in the control group in 2006. The estimated coefficients for the categories ‘studying only’ and ‘working only’ were negative but not statistically significant. It seems, therefore, that treated adolescents do not quit their jobs to study because of the program, but do both activities at the same time. This raises questions about the long run impacts of the program, since the quality of the night classes is notoriously low in Brazil.
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Selection of the temperature of casting the bronzes to plaster moulds

Selection of the temperature of casting the bronzes to plaster moulds

Bronzes after melting were overheated to the temperature suita- bly: 1200 °C, 1180 °C, 1160 °C and 1140 °C, and then the mould was casted - probe TDAg and plaster mould with thin-walled, so- called casts test slats about dimensions: the length L=100 mm, width A=15 mm, thickness B ={4,0.8,0.5} mm (Fig. 2). Plaster moulds were executed from the mixture PRIMA-CAST about the water-plaster relation 0.4. The solidification modulus of the sections of casts, shaped in the niches of the plaster mould imitat- ing test slats were qualified from example (4):
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The Effects of Gender Segregation at the Occupation, Industry, Establishment, and Job-Cell Levels on the Male-Female Wage Gap

The Effects of Gender Segregation at the Occupation, Industry, Establishment, and Job-Cell Levels on the Male-Female Wage Gap

To tackle these problems, in this paper we rely on a large panel of matched employer- employee data. Based on administrative files maintained by the federal government in Brazil (Rela¸c˜ao Anual de Informa¸c˜oes Sociais - RAIS ), the data provides information on every single employment relationship that all registered employers have during the year. The data set is rich in that it contains information on wages and on the characteristics of workers (sex, age, education), establishments (industry, size), and jobs (occupation, tenure). Its census nature allows precise computations of the share of women within the segregation dimensions of interest: occupation, industry, establishment, and job cell (i.e., occupation within establishment). This a strength of this study as compared to the previous literature, which had to rely on small samples of workers or a limited set of occupations to calculate the proportion of females along these dimensions. The longitudinal aspect of the data for workers and establishments also allows us to deal with distinct forms of unobserved heterogeneity in wage regressions. One of the main contributions of this paper is the incorporation of fixed effects for workers, firms, and workers-firms matches in the estimation of the segregation effects of interest on the gender wage gap. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that does that in the literature. 2
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Managament quality of tools in the planned housing casting

Managament quality of tools in the planned housing casting

Subbotko, Methods of distribution of tool at units based on TM software of Guhring, Production Engineering Wroc ł aw University of Technology,(2006) 273- 280 (in Polish).. Bocheński, C[r]

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An Advancement To The Security Level Through Galois Field In The Existing Password Based Technique Of Hiding Classified Information In Images

An Advancement To The Security Level Through Galois Field In The Existing Password Based Technique Of Hiding Classified Information In Images

The Galois encoder generates the encrypted data that can be used for transmitting the Galois encrypted message. At the receiver 4 bit of encrypted data is decoded using the Galois decoder .Multiplier as private key & look up table at the Rx end is used for decryption of the original message signal. The same pseudo random algorithms used at the Galois transmitter side are used at the Galois receiver side to find the M and E, which are the pixels used for matching the data and embedding the 2BCs based on password. The location where the first bit of the 2BC is embedded in E can be obtained from the password. Then, depending on the technique used to embed the second bit of the 2BC, the second bit can be read directly, read from position 3, or read from different positions in a particular order according to techniques 1, 2and 3, respectively. The extracted bits are then combined to obtain the different 2BCs. The data bits are extracted from the M pixels based on the locations obtained from the 2BC‟s. When the location is „5‟, the receiver will check if the bits in locations 8, 7, 6 and 5 are the same. If they are the same, then this case corresponds to a “no match” and hence the complement of the bit in position 5 is taken as the data bit, else the same bit is
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Influence of tungsten and titanium on the structure of chromium cast iron

Influence of tungsten and titanium on the structure of chromium cast iron

Studies have proved that structure of the chromium cast iron greatly depends on the additionally introduced elements such as titanium and tungsten. Titanium is a carbide-forming element, but in contrast to other elements of this type it does not form complex carbides in the chromium cast iron, but only a TiC carbide, which is formed at high temperature in the liquid metal. Tungsten is also a carbide-forming (and pearlite-forming) element but, like titanium, is rarely used in the manufacture of chromium cast iron. High melting points of tungsten and titanium may cause difficulties in the metallurgical process of chromium cast iron manufacture. Tungsten effect on the mechanical properties is similar to that of molybdenum, although it is weaker. Tungsten increases the hardenability of cast iron. Currently, the use of tungsten can be justified because of its price slightly lower than that of molybdenum.
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REVIEW_AN INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MASS-MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY IN POST-COMMUNIST ROMANIA

REVIEW_AN INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MASS-MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY IN POST-COMMUNIST ROMANIA

based on repetition and not on truth and which leads to a numbing of public opinion. In the chapter entitled „De la „datoria de opoziţie” la cultura maniheismului politic în postcomunism” / „From „opposition duty” to the culture of political Manichaeism in post-communism” Ana-Maria Ambros starts from the role of the mass-media system in the evolution of the public space under the circumstances of relative transparency and respect for public good but also in the blocking of authoritarian deviations, a role which is nevertheless shadowed by the support given by the mass- media to a culture of political Manichaeism by virtue of which the Other (the political opponent) must be destroyed, ruined. Ionela Carmen Bo şoteanu deals with the process of democratisation in the context of digitalised communication and analysed democracy such as it manifests itself in the online environment.
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Joint Analysis of the Discount Factor and Payoff Parameters in Dynamic Discrete Choice Games

Joint Analysis of the Discount Factor and Payoff Parameters in Dynamic Discrete Choice Games

We show that switching costs can be identi…ed, in a closed-form, independently of the discount factor and speci…cation of the remaining components of the payo¤ function. It may not come as a surprise that such result requires some restrictions on the payo¤s as well as the dependence structure of the controlled Markov process. However, the conditions we impose can be motivated empirically and have been frequently assumed in the empirical literature. Speci…cally, we assume that, whether a player may incur a switching cost in each period is only determined by her own action. The state variables, such as past actions of all players, can otherwise a¤ect today’s switching costs in an arbitrary way. We also require that the remaining components of the payo¤ function do not depend on past actions (this can be relaxed to allow dependence of a …nite time lag). The latter condition is satis…ed by typical payo¤ components. E.g. variable pro…ts that are determined by the competition between players depend only on those present in the game (for instance a Cournot or an auction game), as well as …xed operating costs. We also limit the feedback of past actions in the Markov process. We assume that the past actions do not a¤ect the transition law of future states conditional on today’s actions and states. Our conditional independence requirement is a testable assumption, and is weaker than the frequently assumed condition that state variables other than actions are strictly exogenous. Examples of empirical models that satisfy these assumptions can be found in the applications cited above amongst many others.
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The role of business intelligence in decision process modeling

The role of business intelligence in decision process modeling

Figure 2 shows the dialog box for assigning the signii cance of each criterion related to others in the predei ned table. h e predei ned table with nine op- tions is Saaty’s most famous scale for assigning the weights that is coni dent in solving real problems of business systems. Saaty’s scale for conversion of lin- guistic statements while comparing the signii cance of pairs of criteria is put as a standard due to its sim- plicity. h e manager most ot en dei nes the relations between the criteria, and therefore the subjective as- pect of the decision making is apparent.
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Buying Behavior Of Organic Vegetables Product The Effects Of Perceptions Of Quality And Risk

Buying Behavior Of Organic Vegetables Product The Effects Of Perceptions Of Quality And Risk

Quality is defined as the degree of excellence or superiority that an organization’s product possesses (Khan, 2005:28). Consumers judge or perceive the quality of the products and it also called perception of quality, because perception of quality derived from the analysis of consumers on product quality (Sanyal & Datta, 2011:605). Customer perceived value of product quality is a consumer opinion as ability of the product who suitable with expectation of consumer (Terenggana et al., 2013:326). Perception of quality is formed on consumers can be affected by several things including past experience, education, purchasing and consumer community (Yaseen et al., 2011:834), and perception of quality is important in improving the quality of products in the view of consumers (Parrol et al., 2013:603). Since knowledge and consumer needs change time by time, it taken an understanding related consumer perception of quality in evaluated to be known how big influence on purchase intention (Sanyal & Datta, 2011:607). Reviewing consumer behavior in foods, in previous research is often studied through perception of quality (Carrasco et al., 2012:1414). On last studied, perceived quality is the consumer’s judgment about a product’s overall excellence or superiority (Zeithaml, 1988). Meanwhile perceived quality is the judgment a consumer of product which refers to the physical characteristics of the product, and is related more to engineering and food technology (Carrasco et al., 2012). Several things that concern on perception of quality, first are spoke on the advantages related to the assessment of consumer products and the second on the technology applied to products that are both better than similar products. That matter is a critical element for consumer decision making, consequently, consumers will compare the
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Nigeria SMEs P articipation in  E lectronic  E conomy:  Problems and the  W ay  F orward

Nigeria SMEs P articipation in E lectronic E conomy: Problems and the W ay F orward

The high cost of dedicated Internet access is hampering the cost efficiency of Nigerian online business, thereby limiting the overall competitiveness of these entities. A key component of any plan for more competitive participation of Nigeria business in the new economy must involve a strategy by governments to reduce the high price of Internet access. Government along with the private sector must find interesting ways of increasing the participation rate in new communication technologies like the Internet. One way of achieving this (apart from lowering the cost of Internet access) is by reducing the cost of acquiring the hardware (e.g. computers) that allows for participation. The country needs to find a similar way to facilitate universal access. Therefore the government is called upon to encourage the development of low cost access technologies for addressing the need of the rural majority by coordinating and promoting roll-out of multi-purpose community centers using low cost access technologies and encourage those involved in this line of business.
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Operating characteristics of turbine mixers based on the analysis of power demand of the mixer’s drive

Operating characteristics of turbine mixers based on the analysis of power demand of the mixer’s drive

Optimisation of the turbine mixer’s performance during the preparations of the sand mix still remains an important issue as this mixer type is now in widespread use. Monitoring techniques of the system sand mixing include the analysis of electric power demand by the mixer’s drive based on measurements of power components. This study shows the operating characteristics of turbine mixers as the function of electric power demand by the drive system.

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Evaluation And Characterization Of Trace Metals Contamination In The Surface Sediment Using Pollution Load Index PLI And Geo-Accumulation Index Igeo Of Ona River Western Nigeria

Evaluation And Characterization Of Trace Metals Contamination In The Surface Sediment Using Pollution Load Index PLI And Geo-Accumulation Index Igeo Of Ona River Western Nigeria

The existence of trace metals in aquatic environments has led to serious concerns about their influence on plant and animal life [2]. Geo-accumulation index is the quantitative measure of the degree of pollution in aquatic sediment. It consists of seven grades ranging from unpolluted to very extremely polluted and the Pollution load index is a quick tool in order to compare the pollution status of different places, the pollution load index is use to determine the pollution severity and its variation along the different sample stations [3]. Heavy metals are chemical elements having atomic weights between 63.546 and 200.590 and a specific gravity that is 5 times greater than that of water. They exist in water in colloidal, particulate and dissolved phases with their occurrence in water bodies being either of natural origin (e.g. eroded minerals within sediments, leaching of ore deposits and volcanism extruded products) or of anthropogenic origin(that is; solid waste disposal, industrial or domestic effluents, harbour channel dredging) [4]. Furthermore, trace toxic metals are not easily removed from the environment nor are readily detoxified or degraded by metabolic activities in the body of the organism, thereby resulting in accumulation [5, 6]. Research has been that, they are no studies on sedimentology and geochemistry of the sediment in Ona River. To provide baseline information and also enlightened the people of the area about the immediate effect of the water body studied, they is need to determine trace metals pollution in sediment using pollution load index and Geo-accumulation Index. This study reports the levels of __________________________
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