The students did not use common 2D design software packages, such as Adobe Illustrator, to create a tessellation, but we asked them to define the tessellation in the abstract language of math. This truly brought mathematical foundations of geometry into the focus of the course and Mathematica is one of the most accessible tools for designstudentsto express their ideas in math. Of course the students could have stopped their effort after the production of a digital version of their tessellation, but going the extra mile of cutting real tiles with a laser cutter had a tremendous effect on the motivation of the students. The final tessellations have been hung at the walls of our department and it represents a great reward to our students. The Perspex tiles moved the abstract geometricalprinciples out of the computer and into the real world. The tessellations are physical objects to which the students can relate. They are not just an abstract ideas, but products that can be touched and experienced. The students responded that they appreciated the brushing-up of their math, but most of all it was fun. They truly enjoyed understanding the mathematical principles of vector graphics, as it is used by Adobe Illustrator and other design software. Moreover, it empowered them to create their own tessellations more easily. The patterns used in the currently fashionable handbags (e.g. Louis Vuitton) are now trivial to them and they can create advance tessellations for the design of textiles, bathroom tiles and visual design in general. Our approach facilitates design because of four reasons. First it empowers the designstudents because they become familiar with Mathematica and related tools, which allows them to address other modeling problems as well. Secondly it allows the studentstodesign patterns whose aesthetic qualities can be added or embedded in other works of design. Thirdly it gives them additional knowledge about patterns as they appear in nature and in technical domains. Fourth it invites them to learn more about Escher, Japanese art and similar cultural topics relevant for designstudents.
In the late 1950s, learning theories started to shift away from the behavioural models to an approach that relied on models from the cognitive sciences (Ertmer & Newby, 2013). Some complex processes are stressed by them, namely, thinking, problem solving, language, concept formation, and mental processing. Cognitive theorists claim that learning is equated with discrete changes between states of knowledge rather than with changes in the probability of response. As for the Social Cognitive theory, it contends that behavioural consequences serve as sources of information and motivation, and not as necessary sources of punishment or direct rewards. Furthermore, it states that individuals learn from one another, via observation, imitation, and modelling. By observing others, individuals acquire knowledge, rules, skills, strategies, beliefs, and attitudes. Moreover, individuals also learn from models the usefulness and appropriateness of behaviours, and the consequences of modelled behaviours, and they act in accordance with beliefs about their capabilities and expected outcomes of their actions (Schunk, 2012, p. 118). The main principles are the reciprocal interactions among persons, behaviours and environments; enactive, and vicarious learning; the distinction between learning and performance; and the role of self- regulation. As for enactive and vicarious learning, the former involves learning by doing and experiencing the consequences of one’s actions, whereas the latter is accomplished by observing or listening to models. Many sources can be included, such as alive models (appear in person), symbolic or nonhuman models (e.g., televised talking animals, cartoon characters), electronic models (e.g., television, computer, videotape, DVD), or in print models (e.g., books, magazines). It is important to emphasise that those kind of sources can accelerate learning comparing to what would be possible if people had to perform every behaviour for learning to occur. Moreover, vicarious sources also save people from personally experiencing negative consequences.
The evolution of architecture as a profession is a relatively new phenomenon demanding a different educational approach and pedagogy. The problem is compounded by the fact that while the professional attitude is western import, the pedagogy requires the issues of a distinct cultural identity and the resolution of tension between tradition and modern aspirations be integrally woven into the educational philosophy. Current architectural education is struggling to keep up the pace with rapid growth of urban world. The curriculum has become obsolete because of no change in past two decades as well as Architectural pedagogy has become stale (Colomina, 2012, Till, 2012). As per The general criteria for Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) students are to be informed about the profession of architecture and the role of the architect in society. They are to be trained to address of current architectural issues and handle complex design projects (RIBA, 2011). The existing models of teaching are not found adequate to address future challenges.
addressed. The particular episodes presented are from lesson 3 and lesson 6 and regard the number of solutions of a linear equation, with a specific focus on equations with no solutions. The main goal of lesson 3 was to introduce the property of invariance of equality by multiplying and the proposed exploratory task included solving an equation in order to generalize this property. In lesson 6, the main goal was to discuss the number of solutions of an equation, particularly in impossible equalities. In order to do this, students are proposed to solve some equations, including 3𝑥 + 6 − 𝑥 − 15 = 2𝑥 + 9. Both lessons were directly observed and video and audio recorded, and notes were made in a researcher’s logbook. A detailed plan of each lesson, prepared by the first author and discussed in detail with the teacher, was made attending to the tasks to propose and considering teacher’s actions to enhance students’ mathematical reasoning. The participating teacher was selected because of her experience, commitment to professional development, and availability to consider changes in her practice. All participants in this study are volunteers, have fictitious names and have given their informed consent to participate. Data analysis is centered on students’ generalizations and focus on the designprinciples and the conceptual framework regarding teacher’s actions.
As for curricular principles, it's verified that on the interaction Q-L-I, among subjects approached by teachers, are those already aprehended in the classroom and also new knowledge. Teaching situations experienced on PTSCI are considered an arrival point on application of previous knowledge and a starting point on learning new subjects, favouring the relationship between theory and practice forseen on PPC. Relating to integration of teaching-service-community, interacting with students, teachers inform about subjects of diverse curricular units and signal the use of these knowledge on activities proposed on PTSCI. However, they don't make explicit relationships between teaching activies proposed for students and the reality of health services and community which students are inserted, compomising the integration among teaching, service and community indicated on PPC.
In order to produce effective posters, students need to use principles of design and be technically competent on the virtual campus. The technical barrier is a challenge to some students, and this should not be overlooked when teachers integrate Second Life into the learning management sys- tem. To build professional competence, students first need to build confidence and develop critical evaluative expertise when selecting graphics and text for their posters, using software for designs and giving peer evaluations. In class and online tutorials on how to use the virtual campus would be important to build up students’ skills of using Second Life. Technical development needs to be continued in order to avoid any delays or incon- venience when using Second Life as a group during class. As instructors in MUVE (multi-user virtual environments), we are responsible to help our students i) create an environment that faci- litates the expansion of knowledge tostudents via building and exploring; ii) discover activities within virtual worlds that should be adapted to the abilities of the students; iii) produce lessons and objectives which can be implemented within a virtual world in addition to classroom instruction is encouraged; and iv) acquire knowledge and skills via use of MUVEs as an effective and power- ful instrument for students who are digital natives (B URGESS et al, 2010).
However, the in-deep evaluation showed that although the majority of our former students recognize the im- portance of RUM, most of them have not been able to apply regularly this knowledge in their daily medical practice. They say they are not stimulated or driven to use of RUM because many senior residents and profes- sors do not emphasize the principles of RUM, especially regarding to the written prescription. This finding sug- gests that the knowledge about RUM seems to interfere very little on the medical practice in our hospital.
The perception and preferences of the students regarding the two types of lectures were compared by chi- square test [Table 5] and [Figures 2-8.]. Significant number of students agreed that interactive lectures motivated them for self-learning, created an interest in topics, enhanced their understanding, increased their confidence regarding study materials, helped them in recollection of lecture contents, helped them to clear doubts, and enabled them to understand basic principles and hence proved to be much better than traditional lectures (‘p’-<0.05).
At the time of submission of this paper, the Turbomachines Department had four staf with doctoral degrees, as well as seven PhD and ten MSc students. he Turbomachines Department is located in the building E-0028 of ITA and accommodates all the staf and full time students. Lecture rooms and oices are available for all. Depending on the on-going projects, researchers from other institutions may work collaboratively. A few post-doctoral assign- ments may join the Department’s workforce. It is the Department’s policy to develop all computational tools needed for the design of the gas turbine’s major components. Several computational codes have been specially developed for such purpose, covering design and performance calculations of both engine and components, low calculation using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and lateral and torsional vibration (Barbosa, 1987; Bringhenti, 2003; Alves, 2003; Tomita, 2003, 2009; Tomita et al., 2012). Such in-house developed codes are also used for teaching support, as presented by Tomita and Barbosa (2012) and by Barbosa and Bringhenti (2000). Current sotware development efort concen- trates on the CFD code for turbomachines, with incorporation of chemical reactions, compressor design optimization, multi-fuel combustor design, gas turbine performance deterioration and noise prediction. Major international congresses are attended by the Department’s staf and students as a means to exchange ideas and provide update. Several papers have been written as part of the project developed in the Department.
In addition to this introduction, I have organized this paper in four subsequent sections. In the first section, I draw a brief overview of forced displacement in the world, in general, and in Brazil, specifically. I also demonstrate the current legislation for the protection of this population, as well as define and highlight the PWLg’s role in the social integration of these immigrants. In the second section, I present a theoretical review of the main concepts raised in this work: Indisciplinary Applied Linguistics (MOITA LOPES, 2006, among others), (precarious) Territorialization (BIZON, 2013; HAESBAERT, 2016), and the central elements that should be taken into account to organize courses geared toward socially minoritized groups, in light of Interculturality (MAHER, 2007). In the third section, I develop my analysis of the discourse of both professionals and students of PWLg, focusing particularly on the two aforementioned aspects of analysis. In the fourth section, based on the results of the investigation, I present the suggested principles for teaching PWLg for forcibly displaced immigrants in Brazil.
the patients consider as positive the home visit per- formed by the Medicine and Nursing students since their performance goes beyond the physical care and point out the importance of interpersonal relation- ships in the context of health care. From the point of view of the families, the visits enable the teaching and the learning process being that they express the sens- es of the teaching both by the specific knowledge that the students present and by the experience of life, re- vealing a learning not only of the school but also the need of the younger people learn from their elders. It is understood that the home visit increases the in- teractivity between the health service and the patient and develops according to the principles of humaniza- tion. However, attention should be paid to the impor- tance of continuous improvement in the planning and implementation of home visits.
This article analyzes an Indonesian version of Contemporary Chinese teaching material. It is found that in this teaching material there are several problems relating to the content of text, translation, and context of text if it is used by Indonesian students. Therefore, it needs to consider “five elements” of language, cultural, and teachingprinciples in compiling the Chinese teaching materials for Indonesian students.
However, such aspects may not be easily covered at any edu- cational level but they may be included in an advanced stage of implementing this learning model in which the learner (in the case of science students and particularly chemistry students) requires some typical experimental competences to make, adjust, manipulate and correctly direct chemistry experiments towards verifying proposed hypotheses. A teacher acts as a research director in this learning model, managing the work and giving advice, generating pertinent questions, giving coherent and opportune explanations, suggesting and facilitating the implementation of techniques and methods of work. The teacher also discusses results with the students, stimulating oral and written reports (seminars, poster sessions and inal reports in scientiic paper form).
However, analyzing literature texts based on this coherent web of concepts does not discard the analysis of their material elements. Although this double orientation is found in several works of the Circle, we would like to highlight two instances. The first one is in Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics (BAKHTIN, 1984), 10 in which the Russian author proposes the creation of Metalinguistics , that is, the study “not yet shaped into separate and specific disciplines, that exceed – and completely legitimately – the boundaries of linguistics” (p.181). However, for him, Metalinguistic research must not ignore Linguistics; to the contrary, it “must make use of its results” (p.181). Brait, in Analysis and Theory of Discourse (2010a), 11 explains that Metalinguistics does not fall
SD is a combined process of research, development, modification, re-use, reengineering, maintenance and similar activities that result in software products. However, SD process and projects have a long and storied history of failure, where 82% of projects today run late, while errors cost 80% of the average project budget to fix according to The Standish Group. The growing complexity of software systems and the constant extension of new requirements necessitate the cooperation of multiple persons such as analysts, developers, testers, and customers . While the SE industry deals with the ever-increasing complexity of its products, collaboration among different people participating in the development project is essential and has already been considered as an everyday part of professional SD . Collaboration helps SD teams to handle large software systems by knowledge sharing and communication. Also human-centric SD methods, such as Extreme Programming and other agile methods as well as internet-based multi-site cooperation tools that support remote CSD have been developed and implemented to deal with this complexity , which benefits its participants in time to market, reusability, robustness, extensibility,
This resource contains 3 big sections: Collections, Exhibitions and Oral history. A large number of photographic materials allow not just to study features of this or that time, but also to like an era. The section "Oral History", certainly, is a unique find of the developers of the website. Ordinary residents of Hong Kong answer different questions about their life, tell family stories. Here it is possible to learn reliable stories from the eyewitnesses what their families thought about education of women, about family traditions, or burdens and deprivations of certain residents of Hong Kong. The website contains more than hundred audio records of people of different age, professions, and ethnic groups. The volume of interview covers a wide range of areas, such as the industry, education, community, housing, art and culture, and also public life in Hong Kong under the Japanese occupation. Most performances are presented the Cantonese dialect of Chinese. It is explained by the age of many elderly interviewers who cannot speak English fluently. The reduced translation of their speech is presented here in English in printed form. So the website harmoniously combines both official languages. In general the creators have placed emphasis on simple people, eternal values. The purpose of their work was not to find something that will shake scientific elite or the whole world. Perhaps, popularity of this website is explained by it. The principle is that here are the same people as I.
– “Pertaining to techniques which attempt to detect intrusion into a computer or network by observation of actions, security logs, or audit data. Detection of break-ins or attempts either manually or via software expert systems that operate on logs or other information available on the network.”
Hence, the application of green engineering principles through the 3R concept in green nanocomposite design helps to reduce the potential release and minimize the waste dis- posal of the CNTs to the environment. However, even though some studies have reported on the toxicity and risk of CNTs (Lam et al., 2004; Muller et al., 2005), the aforementioned discussion showed that the green engineering perspective cannot rule out the utilization of CNTs in green nanocompo- site design.