10. Papoutsoglou N, Burger M, Riedmiller H. Persistent painless hemospermia due to metastatic melanoma ofthe right seminal vesicle. BMC Urology 2013;13(1):43. 11. Eken A, Izol V, Aridogan IA, Erdogan S, Acıkalın A, Tansug Z. An unusual cause of hematospermia: Primary adenocarcinoma ofthe seminal vesicle. Can Urol As- soc J 2012;6(6):259.
Studying the phenomenon of integration, S. Brucan S. considers that the underlying elements are: 1) natural-material bases that include geography, population and production; 2) social factors (classes and nations). Thus, natural resources, world position andthe distance according to the scientist, play an important role in initiating a wider union. Geographical and ecological factors will determine the integration process to start on a regional basis. Neighboring territories and a morphology that allows transport and easy communications are in favor of unification. Population growth has significance for integration only because ofthe relative importance that it has in a component of national power. In other words, small nations are afraid of those with a large population for fear of being swallowed by them. An important factor is the mode of production. Brucan S. believes that economic homogeneity is a factor favoring unification of nations. Countries that differ in economic structure may find an advantage in integrating in complementary economies, provided that their level of development is not too different.
the countries in Asia as Malaysia had more intentions of organic products from the customers in view oftheimportanceof health on environmental issues (Saleki et al., 2012:99). This shows that attentions to organic products are already quite well received by the community. However, there needs to be studied perception of organic products in Indonesia, because Indonesia is a developing country which has a population density is quite high compared from Malaysia. And consumption of vegetable, especially organic vegetable products is still low in Indonesia (Amin, 2014:13), in particularly the province of West Java. An organic vegetable product offered by retail supermarket is assessed by consumers in both of sides, quality and risk. Price is a risk that should be accepted by consumers when buying organic vegetables. Hence, price of organic vegetables is more expensive than conventional vegetable products (Radman, 2005:263). Value ofthe risk products is very important for customer, which has an impact on consumer purchasing decisions (Yee et al., 2011:55). Nowadays consumers buy organic products is not as aware ofthe health and environmental effects but because of advised and habit of surroundings (Guido et al., 2010:99). In addition, not all consumers considered that by buying organic products, have been keeping or help conserve the environment (Arvola, 2008:449). It is alleged lack of consumer understanding of product quality organic vegetables. On last study it was discovered that the perceived quality is strong relationship with consumer purchasing decisions (Yee et al., 2011:55). Consumer’s had perception of organic products is because of quality and safety, in addition to some other benefits (Zanoli et al., 2012:70). Customer value of product influenced purchase decision of products (Shareef, 2008:105). Organic vegetable products have value in consumer where quality and satisfactions become value for consumers (Ying & Chiu, 2012:125). Higher value of consumer product quality of organic vegetables is more possibility to purchase decisions of organic vegetable products who offered in retail supermarkets. Based on previously phenomenon, this study examines the level of consumer perceptions of quality and risk in organic vegetables, as well as the impact on consumer purchasing decisions.
decoration in Airtam "the sculpture with the busts of musicians, gift-bearers was subjected to the unified principle of division ofthe entire space into rhythmic segments" [47, 86].As an example, one may consider the case when the sculpture had a religious or symbolic significance, and was a crucial element in resolving the entire interior ("Hall of Warriors" in Toprak-kale). But on the whole, in contrast to a more constrained medieval sculpture, antique one differed in realistic nature (right arrangement ofthe figures), expressiveness (the types of faces and their emotions), naturalness (in different curves ofthe body), through which the aesthetic sides ofthe structures were emphasized. Monumental characters ofthe structures, their ideological concepts (for example, the idea of greatness) were emphasized by means of sculpture. And, the most important aspect, the sculpture differed in architectonic manner (Buddhas - under the arches, gandharvas– between the acanthuses), as the determinant factor was still the scale ofthe monument, the height ofthe walls, the conditions of observation, the very architectonics ofthe interior. A high quality performance, especially in the Greco-Bactrian period, testified to the high skills ofthe artists, in the best traditions of Hellenic arts. "The artist could be acourt master from Seleucid accompanying the king to a distant Bactria" [30, 190]. It is assumed that in Bactria existed at least three sculptural schools; their students were familiar with Asia Minor sculpture schools [48, 125p]. Smooth walls of buildings were divided not only horizontally –by friezes, zofors, but also vertically - through door and window openings, columns and pilasters. The synthesis of architecture and decorative plastic forms, generally typical for later Hellenistic states, could be seen in the ancient Bactrian capitals - Corinthian and composite ones, representing a complete architectural form. Professional masters "were widely using theapproachof architectonic
While the political aspect, the border region is classified as vulnerable to political conflicts with neighboring countries due to the intersection of territorial and jurisdictional boundaries, especially in the segment of border that have not been agreed. The issue of border actually starts to rise along with the emergence of waters and fisheries department in 2000 as it continued to release the border policy through the Decree of President (Perpres) No. 78 of 2005 concern the Management ofthe Outermost Small Islands. As we know there are 11 (eleven) cases in both borders sea and land, as follow: First, the case of Sipadan and Ligitan islands (two our leading islands) by the International Court has decided to belong to Malaysia since 2002. Secondly, the case of Ambalat as an effort of Malaysia to claim the waters territory called Ambalat block occur vagueness in maritime boundary so that this neighboring country tries to take advantage of this vagueness and at last Indonesia set a new base point from Karang Ungaran, until now negotiation has not been completed. Third, Jemur island in Riau province were ever claimed by Malaysia but actually the island is behind our leading island in the area. Fourth, the hostage of supervisory personnel of marine and fishery resources of our borders by Malaysia in response to the arrest of Malaysian fishermen that entering Indonesian waters illegally. These facts indicate that almost each year occur borderline cases experienced by Indonesia. Certainly, it has been a restriction on theimportanceofthe Indonesia sovereignty as a maritime country to be developed and considered as one ofthe forms ofthe sovereignty ofthe Republic of Indonesia relating to the international sea, archipelagic and deepness waters as well as the air space over the territorial sea, archipelagic waters and inland as well seabed and land including natural resources contained therein. Given theimportanceof maritime areas handling related to the waters, islands and fisheries, it is necessary for specially the management of area with regard to the coastal areas and small islands which are also regulated in Act No. 1 of 2014 concern the Amendment of Act No. 27 of 2007 concern the Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands. In the Act is understood that the coastal areas and small islands are vulnerable damaged by the activities of people in the use of resources or due to natural disasters and exploitation, so that the need for security measures in the area. Based on this case, it is needed a strategic policies that _________________________
Dermerwean,  describes that Lean Accounting refers to attempts to derive monetary management information based on Lean principles. . In Lean manufacturing absolutly need lean accounting as control in the enterprise. According to Aghdaei ,  said that Lean accounting is looking forward decreasing the stages in implementation process and omitting the standard prices for achieving real prices and inhibiting expense allotments, whereas lean control operations are still considering measurement of system performance and emphasize on social and behavioral controls. Dermerwean,  also said that Lean refers to the management system of applying Lean principles to operations, and Lean Accounting refers to attempts to derive monetary management information based on Lean principles. Maskell,  give statement that Lean accounting focuses on measuring and understanding the value created for the customers, and uses this information to enhance customer relationships, product design, product pricing, and lean improvement.. Based on statement above lean accounting have some function to improvement all aspect about costumers and product. Management accounting information it provides with use one-touch flow design as lean accounting refer to lean operational principle, lean accounting also has alternative to traditional management system. ,. In the company has principle of lean thinking to grow their company use lean accounting. Rosa  said that lean accounting is a new accounting approach stemming from the growing interest of companies in embracing the culture of lean thinking.  There’re new method to increase a companies. Every companies must to use good method one of such lean accounting to control financial. Womack, describes that lean accounting, more that a new method, is the adaptation of familiar financial and management accounting methods to the needs of lean organizations, with the aims of : providing information to motivate lean transformation; eliminating waste from the accounting processes while maintaining financial
We present the results for both countries using our decomposition method andthe steady-state decomposition of Shimer (2012). The results show that the relative contribution ofthe flows to the variance ofthe cyclical component of unemployment is sensitive to the time horizon ofthe projected unemployment rate. For some flows, the changes in relative contributions are so prominent that their rankings change towards the path to the steady state. These qualitative changes are more substantial for the case of Brazil. Though the relevance of initial conditions is quite significant in the short run for both countries, they quickly lose importance over longer time horizons. The results also show that the steady state rate of unemployment is not a very good proxy for the current rate in Brazil. This suggests that the projected unemployment rate over shorter time horizons should be considered as an alternative to the steady state approximation in countries where the latter performs poorly as a proxy for current unemployment.
Clinical experience has taught us that many people have difficulty in maintaining Faultless Logical Reasoning (FLR) and, even if FLR is present, they have difficulty in maintaining Faultless Logical Functioning (FLF). In other words, we will address the Faultless Logical Reasoning (FLR) associated with the Faultless Logical Functioning (FLF), which implies assessing not only the premises, the rules, andthe conclusions, but also the circumstances, life experience, personality, events that validate the conclusion. Working with a Faultless Logic implies: (a) assuming correct and sufficient premises in the light of an individual’s knowledge, and identifying other data which might, or might not, be present; (b) keeping a faultless logical reasoning: reaching valid and faultless conclusions at the logical plan, for which the interpretation skill is crucial; (c) choosing the correct conclusion; (d) the inability to choose the correct conclusion, requesting information. The higher the FLF, the higher the subject’s probability for a higher and more correct Intelligent Functioning (IF). Difficulties with FLR and FLF are more common among less intelligent individuals, but are also visible among intelligent individuals. Difficulties at this level rise misunderstandings, conflicts, inconsequential achievements, ruptures among people, inappropriate boycotts to other’s work or organization, etc.
We use a standard sticky-price model to provide evidence on three mechanisms that can reconcile somewhat frequent price changes with large and persistent real e¤ects of monetary shocks. To that end, we estimate a semi-structural model for the U.S. economy that allows for varying degrees of real rigidities, and cross-sectional heterogeneity in price stickiness. The model can extract some information about these two features ofthe economy from aggregate data, and discriminate between di¤erent distributions of price stickiness. Hence it can also speak to the debate about the role of sales and other temporary price changes in shaping the e¤ects of monetary policy. Employing a Bayesian approach, we combine macroeconomic time-series data with information about empirical distributions of price stickiness derived from micro price data for the U.S. economy. Our estimates point to the presence of both large real rigidities and an important degree of heterogeneity in price stickiness. Moreover, cross-sectional distributions of price stickiness that factor out sales improve the empirical …t ofthe model. Our results suggest that bridging the gap between micro and macro evidence on nominal price rigidity may require the combination of several mechanisms.
based on repetition and not on truth and which leads to a numbing of public opinion. In the chapter entitled „De la „datoria de opoziţie” la cultura maniheismului politic în postcomunism” / „From „opposition duty” to the culture of political Manichaeism in post-communism” Ana-Maria Ambros starts from the role ofthe mass-media system in the evolution ofthe public space under the circumstances of relative transparency and respect for public good but also in the blocking of authoritarian deviations, a role which is nevertheless shadowed by the support given by the mass- media to a culture of political Manichaeism by virtue of which the Other (the political opponent) must be destroyed, ruined. Ionela Carmen Bo şoteanu deals with the process of democratisation in the context of digitalised communication and analysed democracy such as it manifests itself in the online environment.
Brazil has the world’s eighth largest economy (IMF, 2008). Nevertheless, 21.4 % ofthe country’s people live in poverty, and 7.3% in misery (IPEADATA, 2009). This contradiction is the result ofthe country’s glaring income inequality (UNDP, 2010) 1 . But, after decades remaining at a very high and stable level, inequality has recently started to decline in Brazil and in several other Latin- American countries (Lopez-Calva and Lustig, 2010). The aim of this paper is to understand the reasons behind the fall ofthe Brazilian inequality, using a flexible econometric approachand focusing on the role played by education and age.
In the final part we study Janiszewski's philosophical conceptions andthe epistemological style that identified his mathematical activity. To this end, we begin by reviewing his doctoral dissertation and his early research in order to appreciate the most original results of his contribution to the topological foundations of continua and locally connected spaces. In particular, his use ofthe set-theoretic approach to determine the intrinsic or topological definitions of sets such as arch and curve. Strict recourse to logic was then imposed both to establish the system of axioms from which the definitions were obtained and to express them at the highest level of generality. Janiszewski is distinguished by having introduced, in the Polish school and abroad, the use of symbolism andthe procedures of formal logic in point-set topology. He believed that without the rigorous use of formal language it was not possible to establish the necessary hypotheses for the validity of reasoning. This will lead us to clarify the way in which Condorcet's new canon of rigor is adopted in his research.
According to the study of Deepak Tendon, promotional strategies should be designed as per the nature ofthe services to be promoted. The advertisers should seek a narrative approach to communicate the service experience rather than a logical, argumentative approach. With that being stated, the table shows that these tourist attractions are ranked based on the most chosen ones. With this gathering, it can now be easily located and analyzed which places are successfully being visited and also the places in need of further improvements. Thus, with this gathering it is now known which is the top chosen and least chosen tourist attraction in Taal
Abstract: The paper presents the numerical studies for damage detection in beam structure with mode shape curvatures and its spatial wavelet transform. A small simulated perturbation in the form of transverse slots to be treated as damage in beams and a three stage damage detection process for amplifying the discontinuityis proposed here. Vibration data obtained from the perturbed system is processed for mode shapes which are converted into mode shape curvatures and subsequently fed to the wavelet transform. The study revealsthat the proposed transformation is better in sensitizing damage-induced features than the classical approach based alone on bare modal data. It is observed that the decomposition ofthe spatial signal into wavelet details can identify the damage position in beam like structure by showing relatively larger peaks at the position ofthe damage.
Population sizes are notoriously difficult to estimate in bats which often still rely on counts during roost emergence . A genetic approach such as this one, allows the calculation of both contemporary and historical population size estimates. Although of restricted value independently, the combination of estimates allow consideration of population trajectories. The Storz and Beaumont  approach here detected the signature of a historical population decline in Arabian Kuhl’s pipistrelles (Figure 4).The median estimate for this decline dates it as ,3.4 kya subsequent to a series of precipitation minima in the Arabian peninsula, the most recent being 4.2 kya . This estimated date of decline falls during a period of suggested decline in modern human popula- tions in southern Arabia  and before the onset of extremely arid conditions in north Africa associated with expansion ofthe Sahara desert 1500 years before present . The strongly cyclical occurrence of arid episodes across Africa since the last interglacial period might suggest concurrent conditions in Arabia (latest being 9 kya ), perhaps contributing to the uncertainty seen in our population size estimate. Median estimates place the rate of decline at a gradual twenty-fold decrease in numbers over this time. The contemporary boundary for the 95% confidence
apparent energy gain (Jetten et al., 1997; Jetten, 2001; Ward, 2008). Heterotrophic ni- trification can be coupled to denitrification in a single bacterium (e.g. Castignetti, 1990) but its exact mechanisms and functions are not clear. Heterotrophic nitrification has pri- marily been studied in soils while very little is known about its potential importance in marine systems (see Ward, 2008). In the present study, heterotrophic nitrification may
associated with one or more occupations, which are defined at the 4-digit level. In 2000, individuals with tertiary education are distributed across 493 occupations, of which 104 are in the groups of managers and professionals. In 2010, individuals in the sample are distributed into 433 occupations, of which 133 refer to managers or professionals’ occupational groups. Each field of study in columns (1) and (2) of Table A.1 is matched to at least one occupation in managers and professionals categories. Individuals with a bachelor’s degree working in technical, sales, service and administrative support occupations, farming, forestry, and fishing occupations, as operators, manufacturers, and laborers, or in precision production, craft, and repair are classified as having an occupation that does not require this level of education. Thus, individuals in the sample can work in occupations associated with their fields of study or in occupations unrelated to their degrees, whereas some of those in the latter group may work in occupations that do not require tertiary education.
The theoretical temperature ofthe sample during heat treatment and heat treatment ofthe characteristic parameters ofthe tested bronze samples shown in Figure 4. The heat treatment process consisted ofthe following steps: T1 - heating, T2 - annealing at 1000 °C, T3 - cooling in ambient air (sample temperature ≥λ50°C) at the time necessary to remove the sample from the oven and T4 - immersion in a tank with 10% NaCl in water at 19°C (hyperquenching and hardening). During all stages of heat treatment temperature ofthe sample was measured thermocouple Pt-PtRh10 using Crystaldigraph devices and recorded in computer memory.
The in remelted area epitaxial increase of solid phase begins on the border of liquid-solid body and runs in accordance with the direction of moving heat source. As a result of fast crystallization in the remelting zone the dendritic cells are formed. The structure of cells in S355NL stel was composed of lamellar martensite packs. In steel X5CrNi18-10 crystals of saturated solution Fe