In 1992 Francis Deng was asked to pursue his mandate as representative ofthe Secretary-General (RSG) on a part-time basis – a dubious yet common practice in the cash-starved world of human rights. Starting from scratch, and without an oicial budget, the Project’s productivity and output have been impressive. TheProject provides a window into the world of normative and policy change at the nexus of ideas, institutions and individuals. It ofers an unusual case study of people who have made a diference in spite ofthe UN’s well-known constraints.
understand quantitatively the regional response to the oro- graphic perturbation from both the thermal and dynamical aspects. The results will be very helpful to understand the topography effect on the atmosphere and associated physi- cal processes locally and quantitatively, such as the distri- bution, intensity and frequency changes in the precipitation over wide monsoon regions. In the tier-3 “amip-TIP” run (viz. no Tibetan–Iranian Plateau) run, following Boos and Kuang (2010, 2013) and Wu et al. (2007, 2012), the topog- raphy ofthe Tibetan–Iranian Plateau (hereafter TIP; see Ta- ble 2 for detailed descriptions) in themodel is modified by leveling off the TIP to 500 m, with other surface properties unchanged (Asia region in Fig. 5 and details seen in Ap- pendix B). Other settings ofthe integration are the same as the standard DECK AMIP run. This experiment represents perturbations to both thermal and mechanical forcing ofthe TIP with respect to the standard DECK AMIP run. In an ensemble of experiments comprising the tier-3 “amip-hld” run (viz. no HighLanDs) group, the topography ofthe East African Highlands in Africa (after Slingo et al., 2005), Sierra Madre in North America and the Andes in South America is modified by setting surface elevations to 500 m in those respective regions (Fig. 5).
The IPL60+ Program started in the second semester of 2007/2008 and consists of a proactive and innovativeproject, based on a training model with regional impact, supported by sharing and accumulating knowledge and experience, designed for students with 50 or more years of age. Its mission is to help change the paradigm of aging, in order to promote greater autonomy and social contribution of seniors, by invigorating and promoting formative, educational and socio-cultural activities that enga- ge them in their journey of learning and lifelong development. In fact, as referred by Ribeiro and Paúl (2011, p. 11) “successful”, “satisfactory” or “active” aging doesn’t depend exclusively on factors such as luck or genetic heritage. It depends on each of us, on individual responsibilities and actions”.
During Great Project pilots each group of trainees included at least 15 participants/players and they had several challenges to overcome as a team. The main goal was to reach 5000 inhabitants in two weeks, with a time constraint - they only had one hour per day to play. It was important to define individual and also group strategies in order to share resources, energy and also to accomplish several activities helping each other’s.
side), depending on the location of a sculpture in the overall composition of certain structures, on the skills of masters belonging to different art schools. In rare cases, the low relief (the sculpture in Surkh Kotal) , traditional for ancient Iran and less characteristic for the art of Kushan, was used. Thus, the "Bactrian sculpture was characterized by monumentality and st rict frontal position‖ [22, 90p]. But round, often three- quarter, always wall sculpture, had been rather an exception in the buildings of Greco-Bactrian period and Buddhist structures. According to references, the statue of Anahit  was located in the temple of Bactria before the arrival ofthe Greeks, and with the arrival ofthe Greek, the Hellenistic traditions began to play a significant role in the artistic culture of Central Asia . In the Hellenistic period the sculpture was done in full volume and size, often exceeding the human scale (in Square Hall of Nisa, in the temple of Ai-Khanum in Surkh Kotal). For example, the sculpture of Ai-Khanum was two and a half times larger than the life size, this required from the masters an "excellent knowledge of modeling techniques and strengthening the clay mass" [25, 71p]. By the scale the sculptors emphasized the position of painted person in the hierarchy. Hellenistic traditions of erecting the statues of kings "were transformed over time into the objects of worship and were placed in sanctuaries‖ [26, 15p]. In Bactria there existed and were for a long time exercised the temples of Hellenic Gods (Temple of Dioscurus in Dilberdjin), "visited by both local descendants of Greek colonists and the Hellenized part of local population" [27, 82p]. In all probability, Greek deities were placed there (for example, in the area of
Geophysical methods provide an efficient tool for imaging the subsurface. The suitability of a particular geophysical technique or a combination of them manly depends on the physical property contrast between the target and the host material, depth extent ofthe target, and the nature and thick- ness ofthe overburden. Generally speaking, the investiga- tions of as many properties as possible by various geophys- ical methods enable a double-check of results and enhance the reliability of interpretation. In this paper, we focused our attention on two complementary techniques, the elec- trical resistivity tomography (ERT) and the horizontal-to- vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) by earthquakes and ambient noise measurements. These two techniques are among the most non-invasive, fastest and cheapest geophysical meth- ods. All the surveys were carried out in an area located in the Montemurro territory between April 2010 and May 2012 (Fig. 2) and were aimed at: (1) imaging the structural and sedimentary setting, (2) verifying the nature ofthe NW–SE scarps in order to interpret them either as a tectonic landform (i.e. fault scarp) or as a geomorphic feature (i.e. erosional scarp) and (3) characterizing the Verdesca landslide (e.g. ge- ometry, thickness).
Acoustic data were collected by a 16 hydrophones Ultra Light Vertical Array (ULVA) also equipped with thermistors, pressure and tilt gauges. The array, floating around a fix position located at 8° 56' W - 38° 18' N at a sea depth of ~110 m, ensured an acoustic aperture between 30 and 90 m. Environmental condition in the area ofthe experiment (from 8° 50’W to 9°03’ W and from 38°13’ N to 38° 22’ N) were monitored during the whole period by means of three fixed mooring with currentmeters, temperature and salinity sensors, two thermistor chains, which operated for shorter periods and by XBT profiles taken from the oceanographic vessel. A short description ofthe main oceanographic characteristics during the experiment can be found in  and some preliminary results in .
Other methodologies that use expected payoffs explicitly to construct objective functions also exist in the literature. The first such two-step estimator has been developed by Hotz et al. (1994), who estimate the expected payoffs by forward simulation to estimate a dynamic decision problem for a single agent. Hotz et al. (1994) define their estimator using conditional moment restrictions. They also recognize that it is possible to have a closed-form estimator when payoff functions have linear-in-parameter specification in the form of an IV estimator (see equation (5.8) in the Monte Carlo Study section of Hotz et al., 1994). In the context of dynamic games, we are only aware of two other current methodologies that base their objective functions explicitly on expected payoffs. First is the two-step estimator proposed by Bajariet al. (2007), who also use forward simulation like Hotz et al., although generally no closed-form estimator is possible with Bajari et al.’s methodology as they compare expected payoffs in the empirical model and those generated by local perturbations. The other is Bajari et al. (2009), who provide nonparametric identification results for a more general game, with continuous state space, and propose an efficient one-step estimator. 3,4
outside staff and lecture rooms, send and receive emails and communicate on social networks. This Polytechnic in particular, was one ofthe first institutions to install the wireless access points that accessed internet through the main fibre backbone. In 2009 it went on to procure laptops for staff members, starting with senior management, the Heads of departments and finally lectures. Students were then allowed to bring their own devices which could be configured to be able to access institutional WIFI (The Polytechnic ICT policy document, 2010). This was the beginning of mobile computing at the Polytechnic. Since then further strides were made in such areas as installation of applications that run on mobile devices through wireless connections, increasing internet bandwidth to improve speed as demand for internet went up, upgrading wireless access points to improve strength of connectivity, upgrading of servers to handle the demand and volumes and expansion of campus area network to cover the whole Polytechnic, procurement of more mobile devices. And the institution now boasts of such things as e-learning, m- learning, m-education, among other technologies that are giving it a competitive advantage over sister Polytechnics.
The tool steels consistute a very important group of materials used for the production, not only tools, but also machine ele- ments, that need to have the increased strength, for example the high-speed steels are used on the rolling bearing operating in high temperatures . Modern technologies such as: laser treatment, electron treatment, CVD, PVD methods, give the possibility of forming the structure ofthe surface layer of steels providing the demaded properties. The economic factors direct research in using the plasma ofthe electric arc for shaping the surface layer ofthe machine elements and tools. Advantages of that method are the possibilities of receiving wider treated areas with one stream ofthe heat in comparison with the laser technologies or electron
Power demand of a mixing system in a roller mixer is shown in Fig 1. During the mixing cycle the power demand increases with an increase in the surface area of grains covered with clay-water slurry, accompanied by an increase in the sand mix resistance. The mixing cycle involves: I- idle run, II- charging of mix components; III- homogenisation; IV- water dosing; V- mixing of wet mix, VI- emptying the mixer.
Among the measures adopted with a view to teaching ex- cellence, are: (1) the inclusion of first to fourth year students and medical interns in the BHU with the Family Health Strat- egy (FHS) and equipment in each team’s territory, in order to develop competences for executing anamnesis and physical examination, formulate diagnostic hypotheses and develop therapeutic projects adapted to the local reality; (2) hiring fam- ily physicians to work as faculty members; (3) construction of interdisciplinary actions with epidemiology, health policies, spirituality and evidence-based medicine; (4) the use of prob- lematizing methodologies in the teaching process, appropriate to the subject, the student profile and the teacher’s expertise; (5) the use of preferably formative evaluations, with a variety of evaluation strategies as a resource for the development of competencies expected for each stage ofthe student; (6) ped- agogical-assistance, improvement of teachers and preceptors through permanent education focused on the development of competencies for teaching in health; (7) discussion of topics such as health-disease process, territory, essential attributes and derivatives of PHC, individual and family and com- munity approach, family physician in Brazil and the world, person-centered clinical method, evidence based medicine, medicine narrative, handling of more prevalent problems, co- ordination of care, acting with focus on integrality, develop- ment of knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for a safe and decisive practice, understanding the home environment as a therapeutic setting for comprehensive clinical practice, according to the person-centered clinical record and ensuring
he consideration in this paper is given to innovativemodelof development of traditionally industrial territories. We emphasize the following basic approaches to the employment ofinnovative potential of territories: diversiication and restructuring of local economy, integration and disintegration of life-sustaining activity of neighboring territories, progressive economic advance, as well as simultaneous combination of several approaches (mixed model). Progressive modelof development is suiciently popular and is related tothe increasing already existing potential of territories. In practice,it doesn’t generally suppose essential changes in sectoral structure of local economy and means developing existing productions and spheres of activity of territory.
I think we can answer this question in the positive: Yes, He can, because He is the most perfect being and His omnipotence is absolutely unlimited. A very important premise underlying the answer to the last question is that the risk is not so great, or even that it is very small. It is so because the nature and mechanism ofthe created world ensure with a very high proba- bility that all purposes intended by God will be attained without his causal action in the processes occurring in the world. The emergence of life in the universe is almost inevitable, because the universe is large and old enough, and biochemical mechanisms are very effective. The emergence of sentient beings was also almost inevitable because of longstanding and countless mutations and adaptations of living organisms to their environment. All this was very probable and hence in a sense necessary (inevitable). The great advantage ofthe non-deterministic world is its own creativity, which is possible because ofthe chance events happening in a way restricted only by the laws of nature. Thus, if one evolutionary path fails another one is opened. Perhaps a mutation suitable for the growth and development of a given species happened by chance and enabled it to survive in hard con- ditions and further develop. Elasticity and redundancy are very typical for the world of chance, but because of these properties, this world has a large number of possibilities and abilities to develop and regenerate after various natural catastrophes (Łukasiewicz 2006).
One ofthe most common defects leading to the rejection of faulty castings made of duplex cast steel is hot cracking. Hot cracking – differently from cold cracking which occur on cooling, when the material exhibits already distinct elastic properties – proceeds in the semi-solid state, particularly when the temperature of solidifying casting is close to the equilibrium solidus point. There exist a range of temperatures in the vicinity ofthe solidus point within which the solidifying metal shows very small deformation ability and small strength. Therefore even little stresses occurring at the solidification stage and caused by density difference between ferrite and austenite, or restricted shrinkage, or various temperature gradients, can be the reason of hot cracking. Copper addition, as it is used in cast steel grades implemented in Polish power industry applications, decreases the temperature ofthe end of solidification, thus affecting beneficially the surface reproduction quality, but on the other hand it can promote, along with several other elements contained in duplex cast steel, the peritectic transformation during the last stage of solidification. The presence of peritectic solidification, i.e. strictly speaking the structural stresses accompanying that process, is the well-known and significant reason ofthe increased steel defectiveness in the continuous steel casting (CSC) technology if the steel with carbon content promoting the peritectic transformation is processed.
The aim of this paper is to test the validity and reliability of a Portuguese version ofthe Team Factors Inventory/TFI derived from the Creative Leadership Model. This inventory measures the propensity of a team towards creative leadership and consists of a paper and pen measure with 37 items on a Likert-type scale. The literature concerning creativity in organizational studies has focused mainly on the contribution the individual makes to innovation and technical change. Themodelof Creative Leadership, on the other hand, has turned attention to group behaviour and team management. Themodel has been recently proposed in England and there are no literature reports on its application in a language other than English. The method involved a review ofthe literature on creative leadership, backtranslation ofthe inventory, and data analysis through descriptive statistics, hypotheses testing, factor analysis, and analysis of variance, using as control variables, sex, and type of enterprise. The sample consisted of 115 respondents, with 73 owner-managers of high-tech incubated firms and 42 owner-managers of service firms. Analyses indicated that the translated version Portuguese ofthe inventory reached satisfactory levels of validity and reliability. This means that the TFI may be applied in a cultural context other than the original.
Richardson with SOR, Chebyshev with Gauss-Seidel and Chebyshev with SOR. The iterative schemes were applied to Banded system, Tridiagonal systems and SPD system with varying dimensions. The Krylov subspace methods: GMRES, QMR, MINRES and BiCGSTAB converged to an approximate solutions less than or equal to the dimension ofthe coefficient matrix for each identified systems of linear equations. Again, Chebyshev and Richardson acceleration methods were the fastest convergence methods in terms of number of iterations. Again, Residual smoothing and the accelerated gradient schemes should be used for large and sparse systems of linear equations. The acceleration processes were very efficient when solving large and sparse systems of linear equation and therefore useful especially for systems resulting from the solution of partial differential equations.
his paper analyzes investment and innovativemodelof development ofthe mineral resources sector in Russia. It is proved that the emphasis in today's economy is made on the development of both raw materials industries, most of which are associated with the extraction and primary processing of renewable natural resources, and processing industries, which leads to an increase in national wealth. he formation ofthe demand for investment in mineral resources under the inluence ofthe complex growth of net investment income is caused by technological progress. he mechanism of action ofthe investment multiplier and accelerator, linked to the autonomous investment, inluencing the commissioning of mineral deposits, providing a subsequent impact on the associated industries is considered in details. he author has proposed to introduce a macroeconomic modelof subsoil group of indicators characterizing the volume of autonomous investments in the development ofthe mineral resources sector and related industries.
The females G.S.I. presents two peak, the first in early winter, in January 2012, (1.15 % ± 0.66 %) and the second in the late winter, in March 2011, (1.45 % ± 0.83 %), and reached the lowest value in autumn. However, the higher values of males G.S.I. were observed in winter, in February 2012 (1.77 % ± 0.52 %), and in spring in March 2011( 1.72 % ± 1.4 %) and April 2011 ( 1.86 % ± 0.88 %) and reached the lowest value in autumn and summer. Similar findings have been reported by Hood and al., (1988) and Sullivan et al., (2003) on Conger. oceanicus and C.conger, respectively. Nevertheless, Correia et al., (2009), showed that the G. S. I. was lowest in autumn and high during winter and spring seasons. This was probably due to mobilization of somatic energy for the development of ovaries. The decline of G.S.I. from April to December 2011in female and from May 2011 to January 2012 in male may be due to the migration ofthe broodstock. Indeed, the reproduction is carried out in deep water, south-east of Sardinia in the Mediterranean Sea. A spawning ground exists in the Sardinia channel at depths between 600 and, at least, 800 m in the Mediterranean Sea (Cau and Manconi, 1983). The females H.S.I. showed two pairs of peak, first in winter, in January 2012 (1.89 % ± 0.36 %) and March 2011 (1.80 % ± 0.51 %), and the second in summer, in July 2011 (1.75 % ± 0.78 %) and September 2011 (1.84 % ± 0.66 %). The summer peaks coincided with hepatic fats deposits due to intense feeding activity, probably because ofthe abundant food, useful for fish gonad maturation (Abi-Ayad et al., 2011). The peaks measured in January and March was correlated with the dynamic of G. S. I. these can be explained either by the action of liver (precursor synthesis products involved in
In both Labs, the in-person sessions lasted four months and happened once a week. The approximate duration of each session was two hours and thirty minutes. Each laboratory began with a presentation session followed by two gender equality awareness-raising sessions led by a sociologist and a psychologist (both gender experts). The theatre workshop trainer was responsible for the theoretical research and practical frameworks to guide the artistic processes of group involvement while considering labour issues, empowerment and feminisms. The trainer together with the sociologist revised the syllabus outlined for the theatre workshops, taking into account the first contacts with the group of participants and the gender equality sessions. An additional gender equality session was organised after 8 weeks to reinforce the conceptual and theoretical background. This session was used to approach the specific discrimination problems, while the first two sessions were an introduction to gender issues. The Labs also included two sessions aimed at providing information about the Portuguese labour market and discuss strategies to search work. These sessions were led by employability professionals from IEFP, the local employment and training office.