Top PDF Ukraine Between The EU And The CES In Global Instability

Ukraine Between The EU And The CES In Global Instability

Ukraine Between The EU And The CES In Global Instability

Under the undisputed dominance of US dollar, euro seeks to win a certain share of the world market. It should be considered that while US dollar is at least formally based on the US economy, euro is only underpinned by the economies of the EU member states that form the euro-zone. The general instability of the global economy suggests that though the global financial crisis originates from the USA, its effects have made euro lose in competition with US dollar. This is naturally demonstrated by the weaker economic basis of euro — the euro-zone — where the situation is so critical that some countries, notably Greece, start thinking about leaving the euro-zone. This makes the EU’s strategic goal of alignment of development and respectively accession to the euro-zone of its core member states. This alignment in the contest of today’s global instability can cause resistance from the EU core countries which will be responsible for raising the level of economic and social development of the periphery, and can be accompanied by a significant loss for them potentially causing social tension and instability in the core states. We should also consider that under degradation certain EU core countries can move to the periphery, and some euro-zone states can leave it. This will lead to disintegration and increased differentiation of the EU member states. These structural changes can be initiated by the leading core and euro- zone countries that will not want to maintain the current EU structure at their own cost. However, according to the opinion of the leading Ukrainian specialists in international affairs D. G. Lukianenko and A. M. Poruchnyk in respect of the reasonability of strengthening the countercyclical regulation of transferring to the global level a part of national governments’ competence related to economic activity control 2 ,
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Diversification of Scientific-Technical Cooperation between Ukraine and the USA

Diversification of Scientific-Technical Cooperation between Ukraine and the USA

Ukrainian-American cooperation in the innovation-technological sphere is an important component of bilateral relations, considering the enormous inno- vative potential of the USA, the unquestionable leadership of the latter State in the global technological process, as well as the pivotal need to assimilate an innovation-technological model of economic development on the part of Ukraine. Prevalent forms of such cooperation as for today are: interstate exchange of researchers; cooperation within the framework of the Ukraine- NATO; participation of Ukrainian inventors, institutions and organizations in exhibitions and fairs of high-tech products and technologies in the USA, etc. At the same time, far from exhausted remains the potential of interstate cooperation in the sphere of transferring American technology innovation, construction and design development, patenting of domestic innovation by the United States Patent and Trademark Office, which significantly reduces the geographic structure for their implementation, limits the possibilities of internationalization of the patent system and commercialization of Ukrainian innovations on the American market, as well as creates high risks for domes- tic business structures when entering with their technological innovations the American market, together with loss of national intellectual resource because of absence of patent purity in terms of domestic innovation developments. Keywords: scientific-technical cooperation, innovation, internationalization, tehnoglobalizm, global competitiveness.
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Ukraine, EU and Russia: soft power versus Realpolitik?

Ukraine, EU and Russia: soft power versus Realpolitik?

The relationship between the European Union (EU) and Ukraine began in 1998 with the signature of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Afterwards, in 2003 Ukraine joined the European Neighbourhood Policy and in 2004 EU was already the major trade partner with Ukraine, bigger than Russia. Anticipating the approach of former soviet republics towards Euro Atlantic structures and the foreseen loss of influence in its near abroad, Putin’s Russia launched in 2011 the Eurasian Economic Union, an economic bloc formed by some of the Russia’s former satellite States - Belarus and Kazakhstan – and through a carrot and stick policy tried to attract also Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan, in order to thwart the Chinese economic development and to impose itself in the regional and global markets. In November 2013, during the 3rd EU’s Eastern Partnership Summit, in Vilnius, Lithuania, Ukraine’s President, Viktor Yanukovych surprised the world refusing to sign the Commercial Agreement with EU, turning back to a EU possible integration. On the other hand, Russia offered to reduce the natural gas rates plus a fifteen billion dollars loan, throwing Ukraine in a quasi civil war, and leaving EU and Russia on opposite sides. Considering this situation what to expect from Ukraine? To continue being a Russian satellite or head towards the Euro Atlantic geopolitical space?
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SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE ARMED CONFRONTATIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND UKRAINE

SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE ARMED CONFRONTATIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND UKRAINE

- threats will come from extremist groups and their ideology, which derive their strength from poor urban areas of the world where the youth are facing serious economic and social problems, advocating for change. These unconventional actors can operate beyond state control, evading borders, rules and international agreements [6]. Some of them belong to the global terrorist networks and cooperate with other criminal elements to destabilize certain areas. Hybrid dealing with these groups will become “a struggle beyond the physical elements of the confl ict, one in which the media manipulation, use of the Internet and the integration of information operations with strategic communication programs are as important as weapons systems on the battlefi eld” [7].
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The modification process of AlSi21CuNi silumin and its effect on change of mechanical properties of the alloy

The modification process of AlSi21CuNi silumin and its effect on change of mechanical properties of the alloy

Considering mechanism of modification of these precipitations one should take into account that effect of modification of hypereutectic silumins depends on earlier transition to liquid phase of sparingly soluble crystals of primary silicon [1-3]. Tests performed by authors of the studies [4-10] enable utilization of modification treatments together with making use of a various micro additives in order to improve properties of hypereutectoid alloys.

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Determinants and Consequences of   the Website Perceived Value

Determinants and Consequences of the Website Perceived Value

Of note, results from the empirical study show that browsers prefer the site that is efficient, excellent, and present to them an economic value than the one with a good visual appeal and entertaining aspect. These findings lend us to conclude that the asked sample is purely calculator who looks for the good price-quality report. Besides, the analysis regression demonstrates that the entertainment value, economic value and excellence were found to be significantly related to future site patronage intent. Consistent with findings of Mathwick, Malhotra and Rigdon (2001), the site preference appeared as an important predictor to the future site patronage intent. Finally, and not surprising, all the dimensions of the site perceived value strongly influence the e-loyalty intention.
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The friction influence on stress in micro extrusion

The friction influence on stress in micro extrusion

To determine the distribution of friction in micro scale and its impact on the extrusion forces, roughness numerical model surfaces of container 1mm in diameter and right-angled die with diameter reduction 1/2, for rod forward extrusion has been created (fig. 2). This model is the triangular wave in two variants. In the first case its height h = 10µm and length λ = 40µm represents the average height of roughness achieved during initial polishing. In the second, height h = 5µm and length λ = 20µm simulates the surface layer after the finish polishing (fig. 3).
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The quality of castings obtained during lost-wax and Replicast CS processes in aspect of ecology

The quality of castings obtained during lost-wax and Replicast CS processes in aspect of ecology

Haratym, Dok ł adno ć wymiarowa odlewów wykona- nych w procesie Replicast CS, Archiwum Odlewnictwa rocznik 3, nr 9, Katowice 2003.. Arendarski, Niepewno ć pomiarów, Oficyna Wydaw- nic[r]

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	Field Cancerisation of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract: Screening for Second Primary Cancers of the Oesophagus in Cancer Survivors

Field Cancerisation of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract: Screening for Second Primary Cancers of the Oesophagus in Cancer Survivors

Tobacco, alcohol, and betel quid are the main causes of squamous cell cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract. These substances can cause multifocal carcinogenesis leading to multiple synchronous or metachronous cancers of the oesophagus, head and neck region, and lungs (‘ield cancerisation’). Globally there are several million people who have survived either head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) or lung cancer (LC). HNSCC and LC survivors are at increased risk of developing second primary malignancies, including second primary cancers of the oesophagus. The risk of second primary oesophageal squamous cell cancer (OSCC) ranges from 8-30% in HNSCC patients. LC and HNSCC survivors should be ofered endoscopic surveillance of the oesophagus. Lugol chromoendoscopy is the traditional and best evaluated screening method to detect early squamous cell neoplasias of the oesophagus. More recently, narrow band imaging combined with magnifying endoscopy has been established as an alternative screening method in Asia. Low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) is the best evidence- based screening technique to detect (second primary) LC and to reduce LC-related mortality. Low-dose chest CT screening is therefore recommended in OSCC, HNSCC, and LC survivors. In addition, OSCC survivors should undergo periodic pharyngolaryngoscopy for early detection of second primary HNSCC. Secondary prevention aims at quitting smoking, betel quid chewing, and alcohol consumption. As ield cancerisation involves the oesophagus, the bronchi, and the head and neck region, the patients at risk are best surveilled and managed by an interdisciplinary team.
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Joint Analysis of the Discount Factor and Payoff Parameters in Dynamic Discrete Choice Games

Joint Analysis of the Discount Factor and Payoff Parameters in Dynamic Discrete Choice Games

criterion makes full information on the underlying parameter on the empirical model and has impli- cations for all two-step estimation methods that wish to estimate the discount factor. One can of course argue that analogous analysis can be performed with other loss functions. However, without pro…ling, an exhaustive search with other loss functions, e.g. those based on the choice probabilities (e.g. maximum likelihood, moments or asymptotic least squares) may not be feasible. Especially when there are many payo¤ parameters, it may not be trivial to locate the global minimizer even for a single candidate value of the discount factor. We also provide conditions when switching costs can be identi…ed in closed-form under independently of the discount factor and speci…cation of other payo¤ components (linear or otherwise). The latter gives a closed-form estimator for the switching costs that can be used for speci…cation testing, which for example can use to test for the mode of competition between …rms. We illustrate the scope of its applications in a Monte Carlo study and an empirical game using real data.
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Oil Tanker Transportation In The Russian Arctic

Oil Tanker Transportation In The Russian Arctic

Abstract: High hydrocarbon resource potential makes the Russian Arctic an attractive region for major oil and gas producing companies. Any investment decision is commonly based on an assessment stage which includes various types of technical and economical evaluations. Transportation cost in the Russian Arctic drastically influences overall project economics. Thus accurate method for transportation cost assessment becomes important from early stages of project definition. Infrastructure in the Russian Arctic is poorly developed so conventional estimation methods of hydrocarbon transportation tariff are ineffective. This paper describes a cost estimation method for tanker transportation of oil which considers key features of operations in the Russian Arctic.
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The Effects of Gender Segregation at the Occupation, Industry, Establishment, and Job-Cell Levels on the Male-Female Wage Gap

The Effects of Gender Segregation at the Occupation, Industry, Establishment, and Job-Cell Levels on the Male-Female Wage Gap

The second strategy uses all workers and firms in the sample. Since there is no direct within-group transformation that can make the two fixed effects vanish simultaneously, some other method must be used. Abowd et al. (1999) propose approximate statistical methods to the full least square solution, whereas Abowd et al. (2002) provide an exact solution through an interactive conjugate gradient technique that benefits from the existence of sparse matrices in the structure of the normal least square equations. Andrews et al.(2006) propose a method named FEiLSDVj in which workers’ fixed effects are firstly removed through time- demeaning of data over workers (this is the FEi part) and then the model is estimated via least squares with establishment dummies included in the equation (this is the LSDVj part). This method is appropriate for samples where the number of firms is not too large, which is not our case. Here, we follow the method proposed by Cornelissen (2008), which combines features of Andrews et al. (2006) and Abowd et al. (2002). Specifically, the method first uses the within transformation to eliminate the worker fixed effects and then explores the
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CONTINUOUS CREATION IN THE PROBABILISTIC WORLD OF THE THEOLOGY OF CHANCE

CONTINUOUS CREATION IN THE PROBABILISTIC WORLD OF THE THEOLOGY OF CHANCE

I think we can answer this question in the positive: Yes, He can, because He is the most perfect being and His omnipotence is absolutely unlimited. A very important premise underlying the answer to the last question is that the risk is not so great, or even that it is very small. It is so because the nature and mechanism of the created world ensure with a very high proba- bility that all purposes intended by God will be attained without his causal action in the processes occurring in the world. The emergence of life in the universe is almost inevitable, because the universe is large and old enough, and biochemical mechanisms are very effective. The emergence of sentient beings was also almost inevitable because of longstanding and countless mutations and adaptations of living organisms to their environment. All this was very probable and hence in a sense necessary (inevitable). The great advantage of the non-deterministic world is its own creativity, which is possible because of the chance events happening in a way restricted only by the laws of nature. Thus, if one evolutionary path fails another one is opened. Perhaps a mutation suitable for the growth and development of a given species happened by chance and enabled it to survive in hard con- ditions and further develop. Elasticity and redundancy are very typical for the world of chance, but because of these properties, this world has a large number of possibilities and abilities to develop and regenerate after various natural catastrophes (Łukasiewicz 2006).
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THREAT OF GLOBAL ECONOMIC DOWNTURN AS A RESULT OF "DOMINO EFFECT"

THREAT OF GLOBAL ECONOMIC DOWNTURN AS A RESULT OF "DOMINO EFFECT"

The paper defines the evolution and main features of the post-war global economic recession in North America, Western Europe, Japan and Ukraine in the second half of the twentieth century until the present stage;clarifies the reasons that pushed one of the most powerful world economies – the Chinese economy – into the crisis; analyzes China's place in the global economic system; estimates the impact of China's decline on the stability of the global economic system and worsening the crisis processes in Ukraine.
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Assessment of the Public Procurement Role in Public Sector Modernization in Russia

Assessment of the Public Procurement Role in Public Sector Modernization in Russia

Conclusion of the Accounting Chamber of the Russian Federation on the Draft Federal Law "On the Federal Budget for 2016" (Approved by the Board of the Accounting Chamber of the Russian Federation (Minutes of October 30, 2015 no. 47 K (1058)) // The Audit Chamber of the Russian Federation (http://ach.gov.ru/activities/ audit-of-the-federal-budget/24635/ - Access Date: 01.02.2016). (In Russian).

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White and gray solidification of the Fe-C eutectic

White and gray solidification of the Fe-C eutectic

and grey eutectics are equal. It can be thought that the system will try to choose the eutectic which has - the minimum undercooling (or the maximum growth rate), i.e. grey as long as the growth rate is less than V c and white for faster velocities. In

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V4 AND EU INREGRATION PROCESS: THE CASE OF UKRAINE

V4 AND EU INREGRATION PROCESS: THE CASE OF UKRAINE

On the grounds of the abovementioned arguments, we may conclude that it is of paramount importance to deepen cooperation between Ukraine and Visegrad countries, particularly in the context of Ukraine joining a more active dialogue with the aim of borrowing the European experience and further develop cross-border cooperation in the process of the European Union enlargement (the use of certain benefits of free economic zones, development of joint cross-border projects, development of the border infrastructure, improvement of cross-border control, etc.), as well as conducting consultations on other matters of mutual interest. In addition, special attention should be paid to issues related to promotion of political and economic interests of Ukraine in the international institutions and attracting effective assistance from the Visegrad countries in the form of additional financial resources with the aim of supporting and stabilising the Ukrainian economy.
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Criterion for selection the optimal physical and chemical properties of cobalt aluminate powder used in investment casting process

Criterion for selection the optimal physical and chemical properties of cobalt aluminate powder used in investment casting process

important factor, which influences the grain size and the quality of the casting is the amount of modifier introduced into the mould. The amount of cobalt aluminate in the primary slurry is highly variable, (ranging from 1 to 10% or higher) and depends on the specification requirements, the alloy being casted, the section thickness, and other factors [9-11]. On the grounds of the obtained results it was found that the optimal concentration of cobalt aluminate powder in ceramic mould to produce casting elements made from Inconel 713C superalloy is about 5-6%mass, however in case of S6K - 2%mass. The higher concentration of modifier does not change the grain size significantly and does not improve mechanical properties of castings. So the next step in the study is to define what chemical and physical properties should cobalt aluminate characterize in order to archive the best nucleating effect.
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Population Size Estimation of Men Who Have Sex with Men in Tbilisi, Georgia; Multiple Methods and Triangulation of Findings.

Population Size Estimation of Men Who Have Sex with Men in Tbilisi, Georgia; Multiple Methods and Triangulation of Findings.

Among the different methods that we applied, wisdom of the Crowds was relatively a new method. The estimates that provided by this method had the biggest range and maximum esti- mate of the MSM size. This also has been reported in the study of PSE of MSM in Ghana [37]. The wide range could be due to misinterpretation of the question by some participants whom have reported their own personal network, rather than the overall size of MSM community in Tbilisi. Others might have reported a huge unbelievable number of MSM as their own desire to show that such behaviors (having sexual contact with another men) are not anymore uncom- mon. Tbilisi is a big capital city, and MSM might not know or contact with the whole commu- nity of MSM living in this big cosmopolitan area. This method may provides more accurate estimates when the member of the community of target population, e.g. MSM, are visible to each other, have gatherings and social events and connected as one solid community. It also provides more precise estimates with bigger sample size; which was not the case for our study. While in MSM population size estimation study in Nairobi, Kenya [15], WOC produced the lowest plausible estimates; In contrast, in our study, WOC method yielded the high estimates. This telling us that the direction of bias using WOC is not predictable. However, since the esti- mated number of WOC was in range with estimates from other method (some of the multipli- ers), we decided to include this in the overall population size estimation of MSM; as presented in the result, even if we would have excluded the WOC estimates from the combined overall estimates, the overall size of MSM decreased, but not that much, an ensuring finding that the median is a robust estimator.
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Pattern recognition and simulation in ecology

Pattern recognition and simulation in ecology

In ecology, the patterns usually refer to all kinds of nonrandom spatial and temporal structures of ecosystems driving by multiple ecological processes. Pattern recognition is an important step to reveal the complicated relationship between ecological patterns and processes. To review and present some advances about ecological modeling, patterns recognition, and computer simulation, an international workshop on Mathematical & Numerical Ecology with the theme “Pattern recognition and simulation in ecology” was held in in October 2014 in Guangzhou, China, and the International Society of Computational Ecology was the co-sponsor. Eight peer-reviewed papers those were originally presented at this workshop covering three themes: patterns in phylogeny, patterns in communities and ecosystems, and spatial pattern analysis are included in this special issue.
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