If there is no cooperation, population gets more impaired. [...] Interpersonalrelationships can interfere in positive or negative ways if everyone works together and each play their part, limiting and respecting the others, things might work, flow well and I think we can give a good yield for the population. [...] The relations are not so good because some people work more, some less, others pretend, others only cheat. (T2).
Data analyses were carried out using the SPSS version 24 for Windows (IBM Corporation, New York, NY, USA). Descriptive statistics were calculated to characterize the study variables. The Pearson correlation test was used to examine the associations among the study variables. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to calculate the independent contribution of workplace environment, nutrients intake, interpersonalrelationships, and health behaviors in order to provide an estimate of incremental variance accounting for physical health, after being adjusted for age and gender. The mediation analyses were carried out with the PROCESS model  to SPSS. The bootstrapping technique with estimated coefficients from 5000 bootstrap samples was applied to determine direct and indirect effects. Confidence intervals (CI) that do not contain zero indicate a significant indirect effect. Pairwise deletion was used to handle missing data.
Objective: To understand the interpersonalrelationships between professionals and mothers of premature newborns of the Kangaroo Unit. Methods: This was an exploratory study of qualitative approach. The interviews were conducted with 10 mothers and 7 professionals who joined in Kangaroo Program and then analyzed by the content analysis technique. The guiding questions used were related to feelings perceived in relation to the Kangaroo method, related to mother-child dyad and interpersonalrelationships. Results: Mothers reported on their speeches: “safe to be with the baby in Kangaroo Method” and “sense of maternal feeling during breastfeeding”, while in the professionals’ discourses have emerged: “guidelines on caring for the babies”, “the embracement by the team” and “the importance of family support.” Conclusions: The interaction between professionals and mothers of Kangaroo Unit facilitates the permanence of the binomial in the method, therefore develops feelings of security, tranquility and confidence to take care of the baby. It is important that the team be aware of the difficulties, supporting them in the weakest moments and sharing their fears, doubts and concerns over the baby’s hospitalization.
Regarding the type of communication that will allow a healthy interpersonalrelationships among members of the nursing team, believed to be the type of communication where people respect each other, care about what the other has to say, is willing to absorb and fully interpret the message sent, even if you have a different view, since the ideas and opinions are particularities of each. This communication, as described in the course work, it is possible through assertive behavior.
Given the ever increasing school soccer and entering the private sector in this section, the school administrators should be looking for ways to attract and retain customers in order to remain competitive in this market. Hence, this study sought to examine the interpersonalrelationships between individual staff with customers and customers together in terms of the loyalty of customers in soccer schools in Tehran.
Escala de Empatía (Interpersonal Reactivity Index, IRI; Davis, 1980; adaptada al castellano por Mestre, Frías y Samper, 2004). Evalúa la empatía desde una perspectiva multidimensional. Consta de 28 ítems distribuidos en cuatro subescalas con siete ítems cada una de ellas: toma de perspectiva (PT) (e.g., “a menudo encuentro difícil ver las cosas desde el punto de vista de otra persona”), fanta- sía (FS) (e.g., “sueño y fantaseo, bastante a menudo, acerca de las cosas que me podrían suceder”), preocupación empática (EC) (e.g., “a menudo tengo sentimientos tiernos y de preocupación hacia la gente menos afortunada que yo”) y malestar personal (PD) (e.g., “en situaciones de emergencia me siento aprensivo e incómodo”). El formato de respuesta es tipo Likert con 5 opciones de respuesta, que oscilan de 1 (no me describe bien) a 5 (me describe muy bien). En el presente estudio el coeficiente alfa para las distintas subescalas fue de .68 en la de fantasía (FS), de .66 en malestar personal (PD), de .63 en toma de perspectiva (PT) y de .56 en preocupación empá- tica (EC), algo inferiores a los obtenidos por el autor en el estudio de Davis (1980).
In this paper aims to make a preliminary discussion some of these dimensions of care focusing on the Portuguese case and the ongoing the transformations brought about by a context of crisis. Similarly to other peripheral southern European countries, Portugal is currently undergoing a major economic and social crisis. These countries have in common a very recent centralized Welfare State (that only became fully developed only by the end of 1970s). Broad generalizations of Southern Europe defined it as a familialist structure of welfare provision using the notion of ‘welfare-society’ - defined as the networks of relationships of inter-knowledge, mutual recognition, and mutual help based on kinship and community ties, through which small social groups exchange goods and services (Santos 1993).
Never before have there been so many old people in India. According the 2001 Census of India data, the projected figure for 2031 is 179 million seniors. Dual-career families, changing values, and nuclear family dynamics have altered the social landscape of India. An emerging phenomenon in urban India is the emergence of “pay and stay” homes as a late life living arrangement for middle and higher-income groups. This study focused on selected ‘pay and stay’ homes in the four cities of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, and Tiruvananthapuram. Personal interviews were conducted with 150 seniors to understand the relocation experience, the extent and nature of self-reported social networks, and evaluation by seniors of this late life arrangement. Majority of respondents were female (65%). More than half of the respondents (58%) reported being currently widowed. Results show that childlessness and strained intergenerational relationships were important considerations in the decision to relocate. Majority of the seniors had never conceived that they would be spending their autumn years away from family. Occupants frequently conceived of their living space as their “home.” Living amidst non-family members, the reported network sizes were small. The absence of family members was frequently cited as a source of dissatisfaction when evaluating these homes.
A fine-graded social hierarchy dominates all types of inter-personal relationships in Indian context. The identity of other person (caste, religion, region, occupation etc) is recognisable from a few minutes of conversation and by knowing the surname. The interaction pattern changes even in formal contexts based on this (such as a claimant approaching a government official) (see Pellissery, 2007). Hierarchical interaction prevents scientific temper to prevail, and to give credit to the quality of the argument. Rather, it is the power structure and persons in higher hierarchies, whose opinions are valued and respected. Such an interaction becoming the dominant mode, in the patriarchal society, a woman’s life has been often pictured as determined by man’s choices: The oft-quoted verse reads: ‘Her father protects her in childhood, her husband protects her in youth and her sons protect her in old age’. Hierarchical relations are meant to ‘protect’. However, when this protection slips into exploitation is unclear, but loud. For instance, a girl who may break caste solidarity and fall in love with a boy from another caste may be subjected to serious violence such as rape or parading her naked in the community. Such extreme violence is termed as communitarian justice. In similar way, teacher-student relationship is supposed to be sacred. With huge amount of respect given from student to the teacher, memorization by the student, of what teacher imparts, is an integral part of learning. Questioning and critical comments by the students are supposed to be questioning the hierarchy. Such a hierarchical relationship even justifies violence by the teacher on students.
This work aims to present and report the use of the Dramatic Therapeutic Play (DTP) as a strategic tool for data collection in qualitative research in Pediatric Nursing. This data collection tool was used with seven hospitalized children (aged three to six) and their families. This qualitative research project was conducted at the Pediatric Unit of a Philanthropic Hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Data were organized into thematic units and categorized according to Bardin1. The ethical principles that guided the research were guaranteed by the Free and Informed Consent Term (FICT), as recommended by Resolution No. 466/12. Data obtained using this data collection instrument produced significant results about the family experience concerning the child with a chronic disease and the importance of using the dramatic therapeutic play with hospitalized children and their families. The use and application of the Dramatic Therapeutic Play allowed the exploration of fundamental aspects and knowledge of the family's experience during the child's illness and hospitalization, with the emergence of feelings, family relationships, conflicts related to illness and hospitalization, criticism regarding hospital structure and health professionals as well as current and future wishes and needs. The DTP sessions were therapeutic as they allowed the child and the family to elaborate and externalize their emotions and experiences regarding the illness, hospitalization and the family context, from being passive to active, assuming different social roles, identifying with the situations constructed and characters and modifying attitudes and behaviors thus having their catharsis. Therefore, they resignify the moment lived. The choice of this tool in qualitative research favors and allows building links and improving the communication process between the researcher-researched. The DTP allowed the child to satisfy his/her recreational needs, favoring his/her physical, mental, emotional and social development, besides allowing emotional discharge and relief of the tensions imposed by that moment of his/her life cycle. Members of the families participating in the study, nursing professionals and companions of other hospitalized children reported that the child presented with clinical and mainly emotional improvements (decrease in anxiety, crying, improvement in feeding and sleep, participation and assistance in performing the procedures) after DTP sessions thus validating the importance of play as a strategic tool for data collection in qualitative research and confirming the nurse's need to use this care tool for hospitalized children and their family.
Objective: To evaluate and compare the perception of stressors by nursing students before and after a high-fi delity clinical simulation or conventional laboratory practice class. Method: This is a randomized clinical trial conducted with 52 nursing students. Both groups had theoretical classes about cardiothoracic physical examination, followed by practice class in skill laboratory. In addition, the experimental group took part in a high-fi delity simulation scenario. Stressors were evaluated before and after class, with the application of KEZKAK questionnaire. Results: The experimental group was signifi cantly more worried about six factors related to lack of competence and to interpersonalrelationships (p < 0.05), while the control group was signifi cantly more worried about being in contact with suffering (p = 0.0315). Conclusion: The simulation affects students’ perception of stressors and promotes their self-evaluation and critical thinking regarding the responsibility that comes with their learning.
may represent a critical time in the lives of Psychology students in the institution under study, because at this point, supervised training activities are initiated. Of particular interest is clinical training, a time when students have their first contact with individuals from the community who are interested in the psychotherapy service provided by the school clinic at the university. Because these are unusual situations in the lives of psychology students, it is only natural that they experience significant emotional responses, such as anxiety. In regard to difficulties faced in interpersonalrelationships, these difficulties may be related not only to the school clinic but also to other supervised training programs developed outside the university, which are also initiated in the 4 th year. Finally, significant differences
Based on the assumption that marital relationships can be comprehended from interactions between the members of the dyad, it is possible that models constructed to map interpersonal patterns can be applied to this issue. The model proposed by Kiesler (1983) is useful for this purpose. The Interpersonal Circle developed by this author is a comprehensive taxonomy of interpersonal behavior. It consists of 16 interpersonal positions that, together, should represent all possibilities to combine the two fundamental dimensions of interpersonalrelationships according to Sullivan’s theory (1953): (a) Power: the Submission-Dominance dichotomy, and (b) Affiliation: the Friendliness-Hostility dichotomy. Each sector groups attitudes that are characterized by a certain quality (e.g.: cold, controlling, friendly, etc.). Each position is defined by a certain degree of power with a certain degree of affiliation. And every position groups a “prototypical” class of acts, which means that there is a defining quality that is decisive for the inclusion or exclusion of a certain behavior. For an act to be part of a class, it needs to have similarity with typical examples of this class, characterizing a set of interpersonal arrangements or attitudes.
This study primarily aimed to compare different models with respect to the role of satisfaction, considering the lack of consensus in the field regarding the relationship established with organizational commitment. For this purpose, the study included in the models antecedent variables linked to individual, context, and work characteristics. The results obtained corroborate the role of satisfaction at work as an antecedent rather than a consequence of organizational commitment. Moreover, the results indicated that satisfaction with rewards does not predict organizational commitment. On the other hand, satisfaction with interpersonalrelationships is an antecedent of commitment; thus, it primarily mediates its relationship with some variables of work, such as variety of tasks and scope of work, however it plays a smaller role in the mediation of the individual variable investigated, which presented a direct impact on organizational commitment.
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to understand the interpersonal process of embracement between nurses and family members in an adult ICU. It is exploratory, descriptive and observational study, with a qualitative approach, conducted among ten nurses working in an adult ICU, selected using non-probabilistic sampling and established by data saturation, based on three data collection techniques: theme-drawing-text, semistructured interviews and non-participant observation. The analysis, based on Peplau’s Theory of Interpersonal Relations and from a tridimensional focus, identiied: reason, emotion and volition, that the embracement provided to families manifested certain shortcomings related to the communication process, the development of autonomy for discharge and the interpersonal relationship between nurses and the family. The nurses’ concepts in relation to user embracement were positive, demonstrating their willingness to provide it, although they encounter formational and experiential dificulties in putting this nursing theory into practice, insofar as interpersonalrelationships and, consequently, in the embracement of families.
Relating gender with complaints, it was observed that in both genders the prevalence of depressive disorders was the highest, followed by difficulty in interpersonalrelationships and anxiety disorder, with equivalent percentages of approximately 36.0% on the two variables for female and 5.0% for male patients. This complaint is characterised by: sadness/anguish, forgetfulness, anger, irritability, insecurity/low self-esteem, sleep disorder, increase or loss of appetite, headache, compulsive crying, weariness, desire to disappear, suicidal tendency, suicide attempt and psychotic symptoms.
To our knowledge, this is the irst study to assess functioning using the FAST scale and two groups of patients with SZ divided according to illness duration. Our indings provide preliminary evidence of functioning impairment in both the ES and LS groups of patients with SZ when compared with controls. The comparison of the ES and LS groups revealed that, except for occupational functioning, functioning impairment seems to be similar throughout the course of the disease. Our results also revealed that the ES patients had higher FAST scores than controls in the domains of occupational functioning and interpersonalrelationships, but not in autonomy. Nevertheless, similar differences were not found in the domains of inancial issues and leisure time when the ES group was compared with controls. These results are in accordance with those of a previous study 12 that
In this context, the work of university professors aims to form common goals of good professionals, to generate and organize knowledge, and to preserve the culture of the university purposes -based on teaching, researching, and extension programs. These objectives are achieved within and across interpersonalrelationships among individuals and their peers. Those relationships are described as heterogeneous as they are built from the diversity among people. It is believed that the greater the diversity of views, the more likely it is to find effective responses due to the range of skills, knowledge and skills supported by the members. Such fact show the importance of this diversity to achieve the objectives of the work. 8