Top PDF Unified Approach in the DSS Development Process

Unified Approach in the DSS Development Process

Unified Approach in the DSS Development Process

cision support systems are one of the important concepts in the Management Information Systems field. DSS can be viewed as a third generation of computer- based applications. First, mainframe com- puters were used mostly for transactions processing [13]. Then, there was a growing realization that computers and information technology could be used for purposes other than automating paper work, for example, for management reporting, so the field of man- agement information systems (MIS) was tak- ing hold. Meanwhile, assistance for decision making was the domain of management sci- entists and operations researchers who cre- ated structured models, for which computers served primarily as computation engines. DSS was both an evolution and a departure from previous types of computer support for decision making. Management Information Systems (MIS) provided 1) scheduled reports for well-defined information needs, 2) de- mand reports for ad hoc information requests, and 3) the ability to query a database for spe- cific data. Operations Research/Management Science (OR/MS) employed mathematical models to better analyze and understand spe- cific problems. Each was lacking some of the attributes needed to support decision making attributes such as focus, development meth- odology, handling of managerial data, use of
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Usability Evaluation of Domain-Specific Languages

Usability Evaluation of Domain-Specific Languages

Finally, one participant reported on his doubts regarding the application of the USE- ME in early phases: ’"Altogether, I find this as a very systematic approach which aims to incorporate modeling best practices and advanced tools. My ""don’t know""answers are domi- nantly emerging from past experience in observing the development of some real DSLs in the industry. In many cases, a couple of versions of the DSL have been developed as an early pro- totype, before starting to systematically develop a real DSL (with a well-founded development process). In my view, the presented approach can fit in at this stage - and maybe not at a very early stage of DSL development. At this stage, there is normally more information available about context, goals, etc - which can be totally missing in the beginning. I wonder if some ""default usability metrics""could just be collected (without a specific goal or context in mind) when a DSL starts to be developed in an ad hoc way. As such, the tool could raise a flag in case of major deviations in common usability metrics. These ad hoc metrics could nicely comple- ment the systematically constructed usability evaluations. "’. We agree that it is not always possible to apply the USE-ME conceptual framework early with final end users, but the assessments should be done with a people involved in the development. We showed in case of FlowSL development (Section 9.3, Annex III) that small assessments, performed early with domain expert, when systematically prepared can benefit the development
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A unified approach of catastrophic events

A unified approach of catastrophic events

Abstract. Although there is an accumulated charge of theo- retical, computational, and numerical work, like catastrophe theory, bifurcation theory, stochastic and deterministic chaos theory, there is an important feeling that these matters do not completely cover the physics of real catastrophic events. Recent studies have suggested that a large variety of com- plex processes, including earthquakes, heartbeats, and neu- ronal dynamics, exhibits statistical similarities. Here we are studying in terms of complexity and non linear techniques whether isomorphic signatures emerged indicating the tran- sition from the normal state to the both geological and bi- ological shocks. In the last 15 years, the study of Com- plex Systems has emerged as a recognized field in its own right, although a good definition of what a complex system is, actually is eluded. A basic reason for our interest in com- plexity is the striking similarity in behaviour close to irre- versible phase transitions among systems that are otherwise quite different in nature. It is by now recognized that the pre-seismic electromagnetic time-series contain valuable in- formation about the earthquake preparation process, which cannot be extracted without the use of important computa- tional power, probably in connection with computer Algebra techniques. This paper presents an analysis, the aim of which is to indicate the approach of the global instability in the pre- focal area. Non-linear characteristics are studied by apply- ing two techniques, namely the Correlation Dimension Esti- mation and the Approximate Entropy. These two non-linear techniques present coherent conclusions, and could cooper- ate with an independent fractal spectral analysis to provide a detection concerning the emergence of the nucleation phase of the impending catastrophic event. In the context of similar mathematical background, it would be interesting to augment this description of pre-seismic electromagnetic anomalies in order to cover biological crises, namely, epileptic seizure and heart failure.
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Oral health indicators in the Interfederative Pacts of the Unified Health System: development in the 1998-2016 period

Oral health indicators in the Interfederative Pacts of the Unified Health System: development in the 1998-2016 period

Department of SUS (DATASUS), and pointed out that, ever since the government guidelines were instituted to steer the pact-building process and provide a list of indicators to be agreed on by managers, the proposals put forth for oral health indicators have been meager. Bearing these aspects in mind, it is important to evaluate the importance given to oral health in this process of pact building and monitoring of health indicators. Over the years, the use of indicators has made it possible to analyze the quantity and quality of the oral health services provided, and determine whether they are appropriate and enough to meet the existing demand. The indicators also show if the actions planned should be improved and changed, and determine the level of compliance of these actions to SUS principles, among other information.
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A UNIFIED APPROACH FOR 3D GENERALIZATION OF BUILDING MODELS IN CITYGML

A UNIFIED APPROACH FOR 3D GENERALIZATION OF BUILDING MODELS IN CITYGML

Asymmetrical features contain irregular shapes of edges. Initially, the nature of shape of a polygon is checked to determine the type of intrusion or extrusion it contains before simplification process starts. Secondly, lengths of all edges of polygons are calculated and compared with minimum criteria for LoD2 (>4m) and LoD1 (>6m) described by CityGML. Simplification process of asymmetrical edges taking minimum length of smaller edge into account is presented in Figure 3. All shortest edges less than threshold are removed in two iterations in this case. It is necessary to make sure that there is no important part of building lies on any asymmetrical edges attached with (red) are (blue) and (blue) shown in (a). However, a larger non parallel edge (red) share an edge with another non parallel edge (blue) shown in (b). Simplification method is designed in such as way that creation of new corners or intrusion/extrusion could be avoided. If both non parallel larger edges ( ) and ( ) are extended till their intersection then a new corner could be produced. Therefore, (red) is extended until it intersects with (blue) so another irregular shape (dotted line) is produced. Subsequently, the resulting polygon highlighted in dotted lines is removed resulting a new edge represented as (red) in (c). Result of simplification process with second iteration is presented in (e).
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Own brand product development : optimization of the development process

Own brand product development : optimization of the development process

16 and producing higher success rates (Cooper, 2006); as “spiral development”, a series of build, test, obtain feedback and revise iterations or loops; as “a holistic approach”, where the number one key to reduce cycle time and promptly getting to market focuses on the core team, an effective cross functional group that remain involved from start to finish; as “metrics, accountability, and continuous improvement”, because as Cooper (2006) argued: “you can’t manage what you don’t measure”. The point is that continuous learning and improvement becomes an integral, routine facet of the development process: every project is executed better than the one before. Top performing companies measure how well individual projects perform by building post-launch and gate reviews into their idea-to-launch processes, and hold teams accountable for delivering promised results against these metrics. “Focus and effective portfolio management”, and “a lean, scalable, and adaptable process”, are also part of the principles of next generation of idea-to- launch process (NexGen Stage-Gate). As Cooper claimed (2006), by moving toward NexGen processes, companies can make Stage-Gate even more effective. The process must be lean, scalable, and adaptable, ensuring that each principle becomes ingrained in the process’ language and method of operation. Success in product innovation requires many behavioral changes, such as discipline; deliberate, fact-based, and transparent decision making; responsible, accountable, effective, and true cross functional teams; continuous improvement and learning from mistakes; and risk taking and risk awareness. The structure and content of Stage-Gate is a vehicle for change: altering how people think, acts, decide, and work together (Cooper, 2006).
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Tracking tourists in a Gamification Process: a theoretical approach

Tracking tourists in a Gamification Process: a theoretical approach

Despite still being one of the most popular forms of tourism, urban tourism is still a less studied phenomenon (Shoval, McKercher, Ng, & Birenboim, 2011) and because tourists and resi- dents usually have different activities some chal- lenges, problems and conflicts might occur. Tou- rists’ behaviors always take place in time and space and consequently, understanding their space and time behaviour like tourist activities, places visited, the time they spend and the facilities and services they use, can contribute to the improvement of destination management, the development of the product and the marketing of attractions; to the planning and location of infrastructure and new at- tractions, minimizing adverse impacts on sensitive destinations; to the development of transport and destination planning; to respond to the impacts of tourism, influencing appropriately the tourists behavior redirecting tourist flows to avoid over- crowding; to identify potential places for leisure activities; to improve tourist information, tourist signs and relating the tourist spatial behaviour to the evaluation of experience (Caldeira, 2014; Lew & McKercher, 2006; Pettersson & Zillinger, 2011; Toha & Ismail, 2015; Van der Knaap, 1999). For these reasons, understanding urban tourist flows will give an important contribution to improve the city management in a smart city environment.
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THE FORMATION OF UNIFIED METHOD  OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS  EFFECTIVENESS EVOLUTION

THE FORMATION OF UNIFIED METHOD OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS EFFECTIVENESS EVOLUTION

So, the effectiveness evaluation of information tech- nology is determined by the quality of algorithm, reliability of written software and the type of chosen hardware. Last time because of increasing number of operations, the diffi- culty levels and time limits required for creating software, the principle of team making under certain modules is used more often. There are advantages of such approach which are determined by reducing the required time for fulfilling the project it self. However, the increased number of bags appearing as rule in the result of technology by team creat- ing of synthesized software usually demands more time for its of search out and rewriting code of the programme. The dynamic of the process of defects elimination and influence of different factor was discovered in a number of researches [9-12]. It allow to investigate the dynamic of effectiveness evaluation for informational technologies with the synthe- sized software throughout time.
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Coordination Devices in the Refurbishment Design Process: A Partial-Correlation Approach

Coordination Devices in the Refurbishment Design Process: A Partial-Correlation Approach

(1989) and Kartam (1999). IT became an important tool in the design process as an interface tool to improve project coordination. The current development of technologies in IT has the ability to import, process, store and disseminate information within the building industry and could assist the integration of design information within the disciplines (Baldwin, 1999). Coordination through the application of information technology is a method of linking the traditionally discrete phases of design and construction. This could be done through vertical integration by gathering input in later phases of the project to the schematic stage of design. Information such as construction materials and method of statement could be obtained via internet. It could also provided information on construction implication and maintenance guidance for the selected materials. This could help the designers to get more complete information during the initial stage of the design process.
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Beyond the Myth of Best Practice in Project Management

Beyond the Myth of Best Practice in Project Management

The paper is structured as follows. First, the findings of those papers that report project failures and problem areas (success/failure factors) in project management will be overviewed. This overview is then followed by a consideration of the role of projects in the organisational development process and the associated success criteria. The true nature of the best practice approach to managing projects is then presented. Two fundamental reasons for problems (failures) in project management are outlined next. The need for a theoretically- based approach to project management is also emphasised in order to point out what should be beyond the misleading myth of best practice. Finally, suggestions are made for the professional community regarding project management’s transition from an occupational status to a professional status.
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A Unified Approach to Parallel Programming

A Unified Approach to Parallel Programming

Applying our model to distributed memory with one process per processor, each data dependency corresponds uniquely to one phyisical data transfer. In architectures that feature multi-threading, shared memory cluster nodes, or co- processors, this is no longer the case. In this section we develop the mechanisms of deriving physical data movement from abstract data dependencies by considering two exam- ples where the process-to-processor assignment mapping is not one-to-one.

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Project Risk Mitigation by Test Cases

Project Risk Mitigation by Test Cases

framework, it is necessary to define specific rules for testing as well. This paper gave a suggestion to define Test Cases based on Use Cases and the derived artifacts to do se. By applying a clear methodology, clear testing rules which simplify the testing process, raise the efficiency of the development process, and lower the costs of the development project, are also defined. Through the application of the RUP, testing can be seen as a separate and independent part of the project. According to RUP testing is invariably integrated with other disciplines in the project by way of the iterative approach. If Test Cases are identified well and set up in a way suggested in this paper, the tester can easily implement the testing process. Of course, the suggested method is no rule to strictly adhere to in the testing process. The great quality of the RUP is that it defines general suggestions that can be implemented by using a great number of different techniques. The important thing is to define in detail the way testing will be performed in the implementation phase.
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EmC-ICDSST 2019: 5th International Conference on Decision Support System Technology - ICDSST 2019 & EURO Mini Conference 2019 on "Decision Support Systems: Main Developments & Future Trends"

EmC-ICDSST 2019: 5th International Conference on Decision Support System Technology - ICDSST 2019 & EURO Mini Conference 2019 on "Decision Support Systems: Main Developments & Future Trends"

It was verified that the keywords ‘model’, ‘project’, ‘project management maturity’ and ‘capability maturity model’ are the words that had the highest density, i.e. the greatest relevance of occurrence. This suggests that research on these topics is more advanced. Note the proximity of some of these terms in the formation of 4 clusters with items concentrated around these keywords (Figure 2). What is noticeable in Figure 2 is the proximity of the red, blue and yellow clusters, that is, the clusters that have as the main keyword the words ‘model’, ‘capability maturity model’ and ‘project’ respectively. This may be an indication that, for these areas of study, besides being mature areas of research, their performance was close to each other in the studies carried out. In other words, these terms are interrelated in academic studies. By proceeding with steps 2 and 3 of the research model, two articles that contribute in a relevant way to this research [8, 9] were identified. Both articles selected discussed the application of an MM in the software segment with a project management approach. They were selected from the “Software engineering/IT or IS management” domain. In other words, the articles of the domain "Project management" have application in other industrial segments. Of the two articles selected, both discuss the application of CMMI (Capability Maturity Model Integration). The CMMI are models created by the SEI and are already well established in the MM literature. The CMM is based on the principles and practices of total quality originally developed by [10]. From the CMM, the SEI launched the CMMI in 2001 to integrate the then already existing CMMs [11]. The CMMI program describes how to evolve an immature process into a mature, disciplined process while taking into account the domains of process management, project management, engineering, and support [11]. Some other MMs were identified in the research; however, without their having been applied in software development. Table 2 shows the relationship of MMs in the management of the projects which were identified from the sample of selected articles. Also shown in Table 2 are the maturity levels of each model, whether elements of the PMBOK have been incorporated in its structure, to what segment the application belongs according to the article and the main advantages on the MMs. As to the evaluation models used to evaluate the level of maturity in the two publications, it was observed in the studies developed in [8, 9], Fuzzy Theory was used to deal with linguistic terms and to define the level of maturity after applying the CMMI. Fuzzy theory has techniques that are designed to deal with imprecise linguistic concepts or fuzzy terms. It allows users to enter inaccurate terms and yet get more consistent answers [2].
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Report of the technical discussions on "managerial analysis of health systems"

Report of the technical discussions on "managerial analysis of health systems"

2.2 Utilize a creative and innovative approach in their management development process and emphasize extension of coverage, through the primary health care approach, with priority given [r]

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Educ. Pesqui.  vol.38 número4

Educ. Pesqui. vol.38 número4

In this article, we offer an alternative concept of research through the acquisition of emic and etic knowledge for implementing ethnomodeling, which aims to connect the cultural aspects of mathematics with its academic aspects. From this perspective, the use of emic and etic approaches facilitates the translation of problem situations present in the systems, extracted from the reality of distinct cultural groups, into academic mathematics. Emic knowledge is essential to the intuitive and empathic understanding of the mathematical practices developed by a particular cultural group, while etic knowledge is essential for comparing these practices. We also discuss the dialectical approach to research on ethnomodeling, which uses both emic and etic knowledge through a dialogic process, aiding a fuller understanding of the knowledge of the mathematical practices developed by members of different cultural groups. In this sense, emic knowledge is a valuable source of inspiration for the development of etic hypotheses. In such a dialectical context, a mathematics curriculum based on the ethnomodeling perspective favors the generation of mathematical knowledge to ensure the balanced integration of the effective mastery of educational objectives, which are essential for the recognition and use of students’ emic knowledge.
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COLLABORATION FOR ENHANCING THE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PROCESS IN OPEN SOURCE DILIGENCE

COLLABORATION FOR ENHANCING THE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PROCESS IN OPEN SOURCE DILIGENCE

OS (open source) software development projects are typically initiated by an individual or a small group with an idea for something interesting .They themselves want for an intellectual or business reason. In [4] the author suggests “Every good work of software starts by scratching a developer’s personal itch, software developers spend their days grinding away for pay at programs they neither need nor love”. The source code for this first version is then made freely available to all via downloading from an Internet website established by the project [1]. In the case of projects that are successful in attracting interest, others do download and use the code and some of these do go on to create new and modified code based on their own interests. Most then post what they have done on the project website for use and critique by anyone who is interested.
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Ciênc. saúde coletiva  vol.20 número1

Ciênc. saúde coletiva vol.20 número1

Abstract This paper investigates an educa- tional proposal articulated through a policy of the Ministry of Health, which aims to promote changes in the training of health professionals. An inter-institutional partnership promoted the training of specialists as Activators of Processes of Change. This study analyzes the characteris- tics of a post-graduate semi-distance-learning course, examining the transformation potential of health praxis. It involves the analysis of docu- ments and interviews published in official reports of the course addressing competency profile con- struction, the political-pedagogical project and management and evaluation of the proposal. The analysis of data and information used the prin- ciples of the meaning interpretation method as a reference. The educational praxis of the tutors was transformed, since students became professionals in change activation. 698 activators were quali- fied, with a loss of 12.9%. The characteristics of the proposal enhanced participants’ involvement in the construction of new capacities, highlight- ing the broadening of analysis and intervention in reality. Eliciting the potential of individuals and the group, and the spaces for reflection proved to be the main achievement in the construction of educational projects, in the context of the Unified Health System.
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Indoor navigation by people with visual impairment using a digital sign system.

Indoor navigation by people with visual impairment using a digital sign system.

visually impaired users poses additional challenges. To be useful, the system has to be reliable since verification and error detection by blind users is more difficult. This rules out most of the visual-scene analysis and unassisted dead-reckoning techniques. Because the user population is relatively small, systems relying on installing and maintaining a vast array of sensors or beacons, or those requiring extensive and purpose- specific mapping efforts are hard to justify on economic grounds. Systems using fiducial and informational markers require only minor change to the infrastructure, and have seen some level of commercial application [5]; however, such systems require a user to visually locate the markers and aim a camera at them. One approach for adapting such a system for blind users is to make the markers salient to a machine vision system. Coughlan and Manduchi took this route with colorful markers that can be easily detected with the camera on a mobile phone [6,7]. We took a similar approach but in the infrared range to avoid using conspicuous markers that could adversely affect the aesthetics of the environment [8].
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FAMILY INVOLVEMENT IN THE PROCESS OF WOMEN’S BASKETBALL SPORTS DEVELOPMENT

FAMILY INVOLVEMENT IN THE PROCESS OF WOMEN’S BASKETBALL SPORTS DEVELOPMENT

Under-involvement is marked by a relative lack of emotional and financial commitment, as well as lack of follow-up, little engagement in activities related to the young athlete’s sports career, and lack of assistance in the establishment of realistic results and performance goals. Moderate involvement (healthier) is reflected by the presence of family members in the athletic life of children and adolescents, with guidance, support and help in the setting of realistic goals, without too much pressure, including financial and emotional participation to encourage sports practice. Over-involvement, in its turn, is characterized by excessive (unhealthy) participation of parents in the young player’s athletic life, without separation of their desires, fantasies and needs from those of the future athlete. At this level of involvement, family activities change as a result of sports activities, and the pressure, more pronounced around individual and collective performance, is violated 13 . Thus, in the continuum of involvement, the provision of support from family members is worth highlighting, which may take a character that is emotional (concern about comfort and security in sport), informational (advice or guidance on possible solutions to problems faced in sport) and tangible (concrete assistance such as transport and financial help) 14 .
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SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT

SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT

A Tearfund document describes ‘integral mission’ as the church’s mission to meet people’s need in a multi-dimensional way (Tearfund, 2007). The Micah Declaration on Integral Mission, published by the Micah Network – a coalition of evangelical churches and agencies from around the world committed to integral mission, defines ‘integral mission’ or holistic transformation as the proclamation and demonstration of the gospel, in which this proclamation has social consequences as people are called to love and repentance in all areas of life and the social involvement has evangelistic consequences as witness is born to the transforming grace of Jesus Christ. (Micah Network, 2001). Moreover, the Declaration states that integral mission is the task of local churches and the future of integral mission is in planting and enabling local churches to transform the communities of which they are part. It is indispensable to state that with ‘integral mission’ the physical and spiritual are inseparable. In other words, evangelism should include social action and social action should include evangelism. ‘Evangelism’ may be described as “the proclamation of the Gospel message in word and deed, in an honest and loving way, so that those who receive the message may accept it, reject it or ignore it” (Robinson, 2009). Since the Gospel includes proclamation by deed – personal witness, it’s also the Church’s duty to engage in this through, for instance, caring for the sick and needy and making a stand for justice.
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