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Experience of endovascular treatment of occlusion-stenotic lesions of cerebral arteries

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Ʉɍ «Ⱦɧɟɩɪɨɩɟɬɪɨɜɫɤɚɹɨɛɥɚɫɬɧɚɹɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹɛɨɥɶɧɢɰɚɢɦɟɧɢɂ.ɂ. Ɇɟɱɧɢɤɨɜɚ» (ɝɥ. ɜɪɚɱ – ɞ. ɦɟɞ. ɧ., ɩɪɨɮ., Ɂɚɫɥɭɠɟɧɧɵɣɜɪɚɱɍɤɪɚɢɧɵɋ.Ⱥ. Ɋɵɠɟɧɤɨ )

ɩɥ. ɋɨɛɨɪɧɚɹ, 14, Ⱦɧɟɩɪɨɩɟɬɪɨɜɫɤ, 49005, ɍɤɪɚɢɧɚ

Dnipropetrovsk Regional Clinical Hospital named after I.I. Mechnikov Sobornaya Sq., 14, Dnepropetrovsk, 49005, Ukraine

e-mail: yuritch@ua.fm

Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚɦɚɝɢɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɟɚɪɬɟɪɢɢɝɨɥɨɜɵ, ɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɨɧɧɨ-ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ, ɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɵɟ

ɦɟɬɨɞɵ

.H\ZRUGV cerebral arteries, occlusion and stenotic lesion, endovascular methods

Ɋɟɮɟɪɚɬ Ⱦɨɫɜɿɞ ɟɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɿɤɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɨɤɥɸɡɿɣɧɨɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɧɢɯ ɭɪɚɠɟɧɶ ɦɚɝɿɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɿɣ ɝɨɥɨɜɢ ɑɟɪɟɞɧɢɱɟɧɤɨɘȼ Ɇɟɬɚ - ɨɰɿɧɢɬɢ ɟɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɿɫɬɶ ɿ ɪɢɡɢɤɢ ɟɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɿɤɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɨɤɥɸɡɿɣɧɨ

-ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɧɢɯɭɪɚɠɟɧɶɦɚɝɿɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɢɯɚɪɬɟɪɿɣɝɨɥɨɜɢ, ɜɢɡɧɚɱɢɬɢɲɥɹɯɢɩɪɨɮɿɥɚɤɬɢɤɢɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ. Ɇɚɬɟɪɿɚɥɢ

ɬɚ ɦɟɬɨɞɢ. ȼ ɟɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɦɭ ɰɟɧɬɪɿ Ⱦɧɿɩɪɨɩɟɬɪɨɜɫɶɤɨʀ ɨɛɥɚɫɧɨʀ ɤɥɿɧɿɱɧɨʀ ɥɿɤɚɪɧɿ ɿɦɟɧɿ ȱ.ȱ. Ɇɟɱɧɢɤɨɜɚ

ɜɢɤɨɧɚɧɨ 688 ɟɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɢɯɨɩɟɪɚɰɿɣɭ 594 ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɿɜɡɨɤɥɸɡɿɣɧɨ-ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɧɢɦɢɭɪɚɠɟɧɧɹɦɢɦɚɝɿɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ

ɚɪɬɟɪɿɣɝɨɥɨɜɢ. ɋɬɟɧɬɭɜɚɧɶɟɤɫɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɿɚɥɶɧɢɯɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɿɜɫɨɧɧɨʀɚɪɬɟɪɿʀɛɭɥɨɜɢɤɨɧɚɧɨ 423 ɨɩɟɪɚɰɿʀ. ȼɫɿɜɨɧɢ

ɜɢɤɨɧɚɧɿ ɡ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɚɧɧɹɦ ɩɪɨɬɢɟɦɛɨɥɿɱɧɢɯ ɡɚɯɢɫɧɢɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɹɤ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɢɯ, ɬɚɤ ɿ ɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɢɯ. ɍ ɪɹɞɿ

ɫɩɨɫɬɟɪɟɠɟɧɶɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɨɜɭɜɚɥɚɫɹɤɨɦɛɿɧɚɰɿɹɩɪɨɬɢɟɦɛɨɥɿɱɧɢɯɡɚɯɢɫɧɢɯɫɢɫɬɟɦɪɿɡɧɢɯɬɢɩɿɜ. ȱɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɿɚɥɶɧɿ

ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɢ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɿɣ ɩɪɨɨɩɟɪɨɜɚɧɿ ɜ 43 ɜɢɩɚɞɤɚɯ. ȼɢɤɨɧɚɧɨ 169 ɨɩɟɪɚɰɿɣ ɫɬɟɧɬɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɟɤɫɬɪɚ

-ɤɪɚɧɿɚɥɶɧɢɯɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɿɜɜɟɪɬɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɢɯɚɪɬɟɪɿɣ. ɉɿɞɤɥɸɱɢɱɧɿɚɪɬɟɪɿʀɿɛɪɚɯɿɨɰɟɮɚɥɶɧɢɣɫɬɨɜɛɭɪɩɪɨɨɩɟɪɨɜɚɧɿɜ 53 ɜɢɩɚɞɤɚɯ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɢ. ɍɫɭɧɟɧɧɹ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɭ ɚɛɨ ɨɤɥɸɡɿʀ ɆȺȽ ɞɨɫɹɝɧɭɬɨ ɜ 588 ɫɩɨɫɬɟɪɟɠɟɧɧɹɯ (98,99%). ɍ 85,69% ɫɩɨɫɬɟɪɟɠɟɧɶ (509 ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɿɜ) ɜɿɞɡɧɚɱɟɧɨ ɩɨɥɿɩɲɟɧɧɹ ɜ ɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɿɱɧɨɦɭ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɿ (ɡɚ ɲɤɚɥɚɦɢ NIHHS,

ɦɿɫɿɫ, MɨCA). 77 (12,96%) ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɿɜ ɛɟɡ ɩɨɝɿɪɲɟɧɧɹ ɜ ɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɿɱɧɨɦɭ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɿ ɧɚ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɜɢɩɢɫɤɢ.

ɉɿɫɥɹɨɩɟɪɚɰɿɣɧɚɥɟɬɚɥɶɧɿɫɬɶɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɥɚ 1,01% (6 ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɿɜ). Ɂɚɝɚɥɶɧɚɱɚɫɬɨɬɚɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ, ɹɤɿɧɟɩɪɢɡɜɟɥɢɞɨ

ɫɦɟɪɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɭ - 4,3% (25 ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɿɜ), ɡɧɢɯ ɱɚɫɬɤɚɥɨɤɚɥɶɧɢɯɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ ɭɦɿɫɰɿ ɩɭɧɤɰɿʀɚɪɬɟɪɿʀ - 1,2% (7 ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɿɜ), ɿɧɲɢɯɩɨɡɚɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ - 0,34% (2 ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɢ), ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ - 2,7% (16 ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɿɜ), ɡɧɢɯɥɢɲɟɜ 0,34% ɜɢɩɚɞɤɿɜ (2 ɫɩɨɫɬɟɪɟɠɟɧɧɹ) ɫɮɨɪɦɭɜɚɜɫɹɫɬɿɣɤɢɣɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɿɱɧɢɣɞɟɮɿɰɢɬ, ɜ

ɿɧɲɢɯ ɫɩɨɫɬɟɪɟɠɟɧɧɹɯ ɰɟ ɚɛɨ ɧɟ ɜɿɞɛɢɥɨɫɹ ɧɚɫɬɚɧɿ ɩɚɰɿɽɧɬɚ (ɜ 4 ɫɩɨɫɬɟɪɟɠɟɧɧɹɯ - «ɫɭɛɤɥɿɧɿɱɧɿ» ɿɲɟɦɿɱɧɿ

ɿɧɫɭɥɶɬɢ), ɚɛɨ ɫɢɦɩɬɨɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɩɨɜɧɿɫɬɸ ɪɟɝɪɟɫɭɜɚɥɚɧɚ ɬɥɿ ɤɨɧɫɟɪɜɚɬɢɜɧɨʀɬɟɪɚɩɿʀ. Ɉɛɝɨɜɨɪɟɧɧɹ. Ɉɬɪɢɦɚɧɿ

ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɢ ɫɜɿɞɱɚɬɶ ɩɪɨ ɜɢɫɨɤɭ ɟɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɿɫɬɶ ɬɚ ɧɢɡɶɤɢɣ ɪɿɜɟɧɶ ɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ ɟɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɿɤɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɨɤɥɸɡɿɣɧɨ-ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɧɢɯ ɭɪɚɠɟɧɶ ɦɚɝɿɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɿɣ ɝɨɥɨɜɢ. ɒɥɹɯɢ ɦɿɧɿɦɿɡɚɰɿʀ ɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ ɭ ɧɚɲɿɣ ɫɟɪɿʀ

ɜɢɡɧɚɱɟɧɿ ɿ ɩɨɥɹɝɚɸɬɶ, ɭ ɩɟɪɲɭ ɱɟɪɝɭ, ɜ ɞɢɮɟɪɟɧɰɿɣɨɜɚɧɨɦɭ ɜɢɛɨɪɿ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɭ ɩɪɨɬɢɟɦɛɨɥɿɱɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɯɢɫɬɭ,

ɩɥɚɧɭɜɚɧɧɿɟɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨɥɿɤɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɡɨɩɨɪɨɸɧɚɦɨɧɿɬɨɪɢɧɝɡɦɿɧɝɟɦɨɩɟɪɮɭɡɿʀɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨɦɨɡɤɭ, ɚɤɰɟɧɬɿɧɚ

ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɚɧɧɹ ɫɩɟɰɿɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɧɟɣɪɨɿɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɪɿɹ. ȼɢɫɧɨɜɤɢ. ȿɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɿ ɦɟɬɨɞɢ ɜ ɥɿɤɭɜɚɧɧɿ ɨɤɥɸɡɿɣɧɨ

-ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɭɪɚɠɟɧɧɹ ɦɚɝɿɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɿɣ ɝɨɥɨɜɢ ɽ ɟɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɢɦɢ ɿ ɫɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɿ ɡ ɧɟɜɟɥɢɤɢɦ ɪɢɡɢɤɨɦ ɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ. Ɋɢɡɢɤ ɭɫɤɥɚɞɧɟɧɶ ɦɨɠɧɚ ɦɿɧɿɦɿɡɭɜɚɬɢ ɡɚ ɪɚɯɭɧɨɤ ɞɢɮɟɪɟɧɰɿɣɨɜɚɧɨɝɨ ɜɢɛɨɪɭ ɦɟɬɨɞɿɜ ɩɪɨɬɢ

-ɟɦɛɨɥɿɱɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɯɢɫɬɭ, ɲɢɪɨɤɨɝɨ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɚɧɧɹ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɛɚɥɨɧ-ɤɚɬɟɬɟɪɿɜ ɿ ɫɬɟɧɬɿɜ ɞɥɹ ɥɿɤɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɫɬɟ

-ɧɨɬɢɱɧɨʀ ɩɚɬɨɥɨɝɿʀ ɿɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɿɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɿɣ, ɲɢɪɨɤɨɝɨ ɜɢɤɨɪɢɫɬɚɧɧɹ ɩɪɢɫɬɪɨʀɜ, ɳɨ ɡɚɤɪɢɜɚɸɬɶ ɦɿɫɰɟ

ɩɭɧɤɰɿʀ ɚɪɬɟɪɿʀ, ɩɥɚɧɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɟɬɚɩɿɜ ɟɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɿɤɭɜɚɧɧɹ ɧɚ ɩɿɞɫɬɚɜɿ ɤɥɿɧɿɱɧɢɯ ɞɚɧɢɯ, ɞɚɧɢɯ ɩɪɨ

ɝɟɦɨɩɟɪɮɭɡɿɸ ɿ ɧɚɩɪɭɠɟɧɿɫɬɶ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɬɨɪɧɢɯ ɦɟɯɚɧɿɡɦɿɜ ɪɿɡɧɢɯ ɡɨɧ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɡɤɭ ɿ ʀɯ ɞɢɧɚɦɿɰɿ ɩɿɫɥɹ ɤɨɠɧɨɝɨ ɯɿɪɭɪɝɿɱɧɨɝɨ ɟɬɚɩɭ, ɞɚɧɢɯ ɩɪɨ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɢ ɤɨɥɚɬɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɤɪɨɜɨɨɛɿɝɭ, ɞɚɧɢɯ ɩɪɨɫɬɭɩɿɧɶ ɜɢɪɚɠɟɧɨɫɬɿ

ɫɬɟɧɨɡɿɜɚɪɬɟɪɿɣɿʀɯɦɨɪɮɨɥɨɝɿʀ.

(2)

169 operations of stenting of vertebral arteries in extracranial segments were performed. Subclavian arteries and brachiocephal truncus were operated in 53 cases. Results. Total removal of stenosis was achieved in 588 cases (98.99%). 509 patients (85.69% of cases) had improvement in neurological status (on a scale NIHHS, Mrs., MoCA). 77 (12.96%) patients had no deterioration of neurological status. Postoperative mortality was 1.01%. Common level of other complications was 4.3 %: cerebral complications - 2.7%. Discussion. The results of the endovascular treatment of occlusion and stenotic lesions of the cerebral arteries show high efficacy and low complication level. The ways of reduction complications level are identified. They are in a differentiated selection of antiembolic protection method, endovascular treatment planning, based on monitoring of changes in the brain hemoperfusion, the emphasis is on the use of the special neurologic deviɫes. Conclusions. Endovascular treatment of occlusion and stenotic lesions of the cerebral arteries is effective with a small risk of complications. Risk can be reduced further by the differential choice of antiembolic protection methods, with the help of wide use of special cerebral balloon-catheters and stents for the treatment of stenotic pathology of intracranial arteries, by planning stages of endovascular treatment, based on the clinical data, data of cerebral hemoperfusion in various areas of the brain, and cerebral angiography.

ȼ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɟ ɩɪɢɱɢɧ ɢɧɜɚɥɢɞɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɫɦɟɪɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚɫɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɚɤ ɜ ɍɤɪɚɢɧɟ ɬɚɤ ɢ ɜ ɦɢɪɟ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɚɹ ɩɚɬɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɡɚɧɢɦɚɟɬ ɨɞɧɨɢɡɜɟɞɭɳɢɯɦɟɫɬ>@

Ɉɤɨɥɨɬɵɫɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɨɜɟɠɟɝɨɞɧɨɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢ ɪɭɸɬɜɍɤɪɚɢɧɟɋɪɟɞɢɧɢɯɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɢɧɫɭɥɶ ɬɨɜɜɪɚɡɚɛɨɥɶɲɟɱɟɦɝɟɦɨɪɪɚɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ>@

ɋɪɟɞɢ ɦɟɪ ɩɨ ɩɪɨɮɢɥɚɤɬɢɤɟ ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɨɜ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɡɝɚ ɭ ɛɨɥɶɧɵɯ ɫ ɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɨɧɧɵɦ ɢ ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɦɚɝɢɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɝɨɥɨɜɵ ɆȺȽ ɢ ɰɟ ɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɡɚɧɢ ɦɚɸɬɦɟɬɨɞɵɯɢɪɭɪɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɪɟɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɷɬɢɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣɱɬɨɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɟɧɨɪɹɞɨɦɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ 1$6&(7 1RUWK $PHULFDQ 6\PSWRPDWLF &DURWLG (QGDUWHUHFWRP\ 7ULDO (&67 (XURSHDQ &DURWLG 6XUJHU\7ULDO$&$6$V\PSWRPDWLF&DURWLG$WKH URVFOHURVLV 6WXG\ ɢ $&67 $V\PSWRPDWLF &DURWLG 6XUJHU\7ULDO>@

ȼɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟɜɪɟɦɹɦɟɬɨɞɵɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɨɧɧɨɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɚɬɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɆȺȽ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥɢ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɟ > @

ɐɟɥɶ ɨɰɟɧɢɬɶ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɪɢɫɤɢ ɷɧɞɨ ɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨɥɟɱɟɧɢɹɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɨɧɧɨɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɣ ɦɚɝɢɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɝɨɥɨɜɵ ɨɩɪɟ ɞɟɥɢɬɶɩɭɬɢɩɪɨɮɢɥɚɤɬɢɤɢɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ

ɆȺɌȿɊɂȺɅɕɂɆȿɌɈȾɕɂɋɋɅȿȾɈȼȺɇɂɃ

ȼɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɦɰɟɧɬɪɟȾɧɟɩɪɨɩɟɬɪɨɜɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɧɨɣ ɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɛɨɥɶɧɢɰɵ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɂɂ Ɇɟɱɧɢɤɨɜɚ ɧɚɦɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ ɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭ ɥɹɪɧɵɯɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣɭɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜɫɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɨɧ ɧɨɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɦɢɦɚɝɢɫɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣɝɨɥɨɜɵɜɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɟɨɬɞɨɥɟɬ

ɂɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɵ ɩɟɪɟɧɟɫɥɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɩɨ ɥɨɜɢɧɵ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɬɪɚɧɡɢɬɨɪɧɵɟ ɢɲɟ ɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɚɬɚɤɢ ² ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɍ ɨɫɬɚɥɶ ɧɵɯ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɝɨɥɨɜɵ ɧɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɨɞɧɚɤɨ ɪɢɫɤ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɚɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨɦɨɡɝɚɨɰɟɧɟɧɤɚɤɜɵɫɨɤɢɣɩɨ

ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ ɢ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɸ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɛɥɹɲɤɢ ɍ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɧɫɬɜɚ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɨɤɨɝɧɢɬɢɜɧɨɟɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟɪɚɡɧɨɣɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɱɬɨɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɥɨɫɶɧɚɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢɬɟɫɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹɩɨ 0R&$WHVW>@

ȼɫɟɦ ɛɨɥɶɧɵɦ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɫɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɢ ɜ ɫɬɚɰɢɨɧɚɪ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɯɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɢɣ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɧɭɸ ɬɨɦɨɝɪɚɮɢɸ ɝɨ ɥɨɜɧɨɝɨɦɨɡɝɚɭɥɶɬɪɚɡɜɭɤɨɜɭɸɞɨɩɩɥɟɪɨɝɪɚɮɢɸ ɷɤɫɬɪɚ ɢ ɢɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɫɟɥɟɤɬɢɜ ɧɭɸɚɧɝɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɸɜɫɟɯɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɵɯɛɚɫɫɟɣɧɨɜ Ⱦɥɹ ɢɡɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɜ ɤɨɥɥɚɬɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɤɪɨɜɨ ɬɨɤɚ ɚɧɝɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɸ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɥɢ ɫ ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫ ɫɢɨɧɧɵɦɢ ɩɪɨɛɚɦɢ ɇɚɦɢ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭ ɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɨɧɧɨɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɆȺȽ ɜɩɟɪɜɵɟ ɜ ɍɤɪɚɢɧɟ ɚɩɪɨɛɢ ɪɨɜɚɧɚ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɧɨɬɨɦɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɩɟɪɮɭ ɡɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɹ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɡɝɚ ȿɟ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɥɢ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɚɦ ɫ ɦɭɥɶɬɢɮɨɤɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɨɧɧɨ ɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɆȺȽ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟ ɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɩɟɪɮɭɡɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɞɟɮɢɰɢɬɚ ɜ ɤɚɠɞɨɦɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɨɦɛɚɫɫɟɣɧɟɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɫɬɢɢ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɨɜ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɢ ɫɧɢ ɠɟɧɢɹɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢɨɛɴɟɦɧɨɝɨɤɪɨɜɨɬɨɤɚ

ȼɩɟɪɜɵɟ ɜ ɧɚɲɟɣ ɫɬɪɚɧɟ ɞɥɹ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɷɮ ɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɵɩɪɢ ɦɟɧɹɥɢ ɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɧɭɸ ɬɨɦɨɝɪɚɮɢɸ ɆɊɌ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɡɝɚ ɫ ':,ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥɨɦ ɜ ɪɚɧɧɢɣ ɩɨɫɥɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɩɚ ɰɢɟɧɬɚ ² ɞɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɫɭɬ ɫɬɜɢɹ ©ɫɭɛɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯª ɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɲɟɦɢ ɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɨɜ ɗɬɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɜɨ ɞɢɥɨɫɶ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɚɦ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɛɵɥɢ ɢɦ ɩɥɚɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɫɬɟɧɬɵ ɢɡ ɧɟɧɚɦɚɝɧɢɱɢɜɚɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɫɩɥɚɜɨɜɧɢɬɢɧɨɥɚ

(3)

ɄɅȱɇȱɑɇȺ

ɆȿȾɂɐɂɇȺ

ɋɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɣɷɤɫɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɣ ɫɨɧɧɨɣ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ ȼɋȺ ɛɵɥɨ ɜɵ ɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ

ɂɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɵ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣɩɪɨɨɩɟɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɵɜɫɥɭɱɚɹɯȼɵɩɨɥɧɟ ɧɵ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɷɤɫɬɪɚɤɪɚ ɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɜɟɪɬɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɉɨɞɤɥɸɱɢɱɧɵɟ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ ɢ ɛɪɚɯɢɨɰɟɮɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɫɬɜɨɥɩɪɨɨɩɟɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɵɜɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ

ȼɨ ɜɫɟɯ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɷɤɫɬɪɚɤɪɚ ɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜȼɋȺɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɢɩɪɨɬɢɜɨ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɪɚɡɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɩɪɨɤɫɢ ɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɢɥɢ ɢɯ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɸ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ Ʉɪɨɦɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɩɪɢ ɚɧɝɢɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɟ ɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɨɜ ɜ 9 ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɧɨɱɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɉȺ ɧɚ ɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɢɦɟɥɢ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɤɢ ɩɪɢɫɬɟɧɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɬɪɨɦɛɨɡɚ ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɍɁɚɧɝɢɨ ɫɤɚɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ȼ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɩɪɢ ɚɧɝɢɨ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɟ ɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɨɜ ɢɧɬɪɚ ɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢ ɱɟɫɤɢɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ

ɊȿɁɍɅɖɌȺɌɕɂɂɏɈȻɋɍɀȾȿɇɂȿ

ɍɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɚ ɢɥɢ ɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɢ ɆȺȽ ɞɨɫɬɢɝɧɭɬɨ ɜ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ȼ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɨ ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɫɬɚɬɭɫɟ ɩɨ ɲɤɚɥɚɦ 1,+66 P56 0ɨ&$ ɩɚ ɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɛɟɡ ɭɯɭɞɲɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɫɬɚ ɬɭɫɟɧɚɦɨɦɟɧɬɜɵɩɢɫɤɢ

ɉɨɫɥɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹɥɟɬɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɢɥɚ 1,01% (6

ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ). Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɚ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ, ɧɟ

ɩɪɢɜɟɞɲɢɯ ɤ ɫɦɟɪɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɢɫɯɨɞɭ — 4,3% (25

ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ), ɢɡ ɧɢɯ ɞɨɥɹ ɦɟɫɬɧɵɯ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ

ɦɟɫɬɟɩɭɧɤɰɢɢɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ — 1,2% (7 ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ), ɞɪɭɝɢɯ

ɜɧɟɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ — 0,34% (2 ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɚ),

ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɵɯɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ — 2,7% (16 ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ), ɢɡ

ɧɢɯ ɥɢɲɶ ɜ 0,34% ɫɥɭɱɚɟɜ (2 ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹ)

ɫɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɥɫɹ ɫɬɨɣɤɢɣɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɞɟɮɢɰɢɬ, ɜ

ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɷɬɨ ɥɢɛɨ ɧɟ ɨɬɪɚɡɢɥɨɫɶ ɧɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɚ (ɜ 4 ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ — «ɫɭɛ

-ɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ» ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɵ), ɥɢɛɨ

ɜɨɡɧɢɤɲɚɹɫɢɦɩɬɨɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸɪɟɝɪɟɫɫɢɪɨɜɚɥɚ ɧɚɮɨɧɟɤɨɧɫɟɪɜɚɬɢɜɧɨɣɬɟɪɚɩɢɢ.

ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭɸɬ ɨ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɧɢɡɤɨɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ ɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɤɤɥɸ ɡɢɨɧɧɨɫɬɟɧɨɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɣ ɦɚɝɢɫɬɪɚɥɶ ɧɵɯɚɪɬɟɪɢɣɝɨɥɨɜɵ

Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɩɨɫɥɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɥɟɬɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɥ ɱɬɨ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɚ ɭɦɟɪɥɢ ɨɬ ɩɪɢɱɢɧ ɧɟ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɫ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɨɣ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɨɞɢɧ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬ ɤɨ

ɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɝɨɬɨɜɢɥɢ ɤɨ ɜɬɨɪɨɦɭ ɷɬɚɩɭ ɯɢɪɭɪɝɢ ɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ ² ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɸ ɚɨɪɬɨɤɨɪɨɧɚɪ ɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɦɟɪ ɨɬ ɪɚɡɜɢɜɲɟɝɨɫɹ ɨɛ ɲɢɪɧɨɝɨɢɧɮɚɪɤɬɚɦɢɨɤɚɪɞɚɜɬɨɪɨɣɩɚɰɢɟɧɬ² ɨɬɫɟɩɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɤɢɲɟɱɧɢɤɚɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɪɚɡɜɢɥɫɹ ɜɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɨɛɨɫɬɪɟɧɢɹ ɯɪɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɚɪɚɩɪɨɤɬɢɬɚ ɍ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɨɬɤɚɡɚɥɫɹ ɨɬ ɩɪɢɟɦɚ ɚɧɬɢɚɝɪɟɝɚɧɬɧɨɣ ɬɟɪɚɩɢɢ ɪɚɡɜɢɥɫɹ ɬɪɨɦɛɨɡ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ȼɋȺ ɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɥɨ ɨɛɲɢɪɧɨɟ ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɦɨɡɝɚ Ɍɪɢ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɚ ɭɦɟɪɥɢ ɜɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɢɧɬɪɚ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɪɵɜɚ ɢɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɟɝ ɦɟɧɬɚɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɨɣɚɪɬɟɪɢɢɜɨɛɥɚɫɬɢɫɬɟɧɨɡɚɢ ɦɚɫɫɢɜɧɨɝɨɤɪɨɜɨɬɟɱɟɧɢɹ

ɗɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɜɢɥɢɫɶ ɭ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɭ ɷɬɨ ɛɵɥɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɨ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɧɟ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɫɭɛ ɬɨɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɚ ɜ ɭɫɬɶɟ ȼɋȺ ɢ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɹ ©ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɧɨɣª ɛɥɹɲɤɢ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ȼ ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɧɚ ɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɢɦɟɥɢ ɦɟɫɬɨ ©ɜɵɫɨɤɢɟª ɫɬɟɧɨɡɵ ɜ ȼɋȺɢɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɧɟɛɵɥɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ

ȼɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɫɟɥɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɣɚɪɬɟ ɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɬɪɨɦɛɨɥɢɡɢɫ ɫ ɩɨɥɨɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɦ

ɍ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɨɱɚɝ ɛɵɥ ɜɟɪɢ ɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɧ ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹ ':,ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥɭ ɆɊɌ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɡɝɚ ɢ ɧɟ ɢɦɟɥ ɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɣ

ȼɵɪɚɠɟɧɧɵɣ ɫɢɧɞɪɨɦ ɝɢɩɟɪɩɟɪɮɭɡɢɢ ɢɦɟɥ ɦɟɫɬɨɜɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯȼɨɞɧɨɦɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɢɨɧ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɟɧ ɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɄɌɩɟɪɮɭɡɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɢ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨɦɨɡɝɚ

Ʌɢɲɶ ɜ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɢ ɫɢɧɞɪɨɦɚ ɝɢɩɟɪ ɩɟɪɮɭɡɢɢ ɪɚɡɜɢɥɚɫɶ ɝɟɦɨɪɪɚɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɬɪɚɧɫɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɚ ɫ ɧɚɪɚɫɬɚɧɢɟɦ ɨɱɚɝɨɜɨɣ ɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɫɢɦɩɬɨ ɦɚɬɢɤɢ ȼɩɨɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɢ ɧɟɜɪɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɥɫɹɞɨɢɫɯɨɞɧɨɝɨ

(4)

Ɇɟɫɬɧɵɟ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɩɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɥɨɠɧɵɟɚɧɟɜɪɢɡɦɵɝɟɦɚɬɨɦɵɜɦɹɝɤɢɯɬɤɚɧɹɯ ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɵɜɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯȼɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɥɚɫɶ ɯɢɪɭɪɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹ ² ɭɲɢ ɜɚɧɢɟ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɚ ɛɟɞɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ ȼ ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɥɨɠɧɵɟ ɚɧɟɜɪɢɡɦɵ ɢɡɥɟɱɟɧɵ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɞɨɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɢɢ ɧɚɞ ɦɟɫɬɨɦ ɩɭɧɤɰɢɢɛɟɡɜɦɟɲɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ

ȼ ɨɞɧɨɦ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɬɪɚɧɫɚɤɫɢɥɥɹɪɧɵɦ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɨɦ ɢɦɟɥɢ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɣɪɨɩɚɬɢɢ ɜɟɬɜɟɣ ɩɥɟɱɟɜɨɝɨ ɫɩɥɟɬɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɪɟɝɪɟɫɫɢɪɨɜɚɥɢ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɦɟɫɹɰ ɤɨɧɫɟɪɜɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ

Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɵ ɢɯ ɩɪɨ ɮɢɥɚɤɬɢɤɢ

Ɇɟɫɬɧɵɟ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɩɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ

ɒɢɪɨɤɨɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɞɥɹ ɡɚɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɩɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ 9DVFXODU &ORVXUH 'HYLFH ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɮɢɥɚɤ ɬɢɤɨɣɞɚɧɧɨɝɨɜɢɞɚɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ

ɂɧɬɪɚɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɹ ɜ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɨɟɚɪɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɨɟɪɭɫɥɨ

ɗɬɨ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɱɚɫɬɨɟ ɜ ɧɚɲɢɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ±

ȼ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɷɬɨ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɥɨ ɩɪɢ ɚɧɝɢɨ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɟɢɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢɫɬɟɧɨɡɨɜɜɷɤɫɬɪɚɤɪɚ ɧɢɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ ɋɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ ȼɋȺ ɧɚ ɷɬɚɩɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɜ ȼɋȺ ɡɚ ɡɨɧɭ ɫɭɛɬɨɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɨɬɹɠɟɧɧɨɝɨɫɬɟɧɨɡɚɫɩɨɞɪɵɬɨɣɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɋ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɩɚ ɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɚɦɢ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɩɪɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢ ɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɨɜ ɜ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ ȼɋȺ ɧɚ ɮɢɥɶɬɪɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɢɡɜɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɢɡ ɚɪɬɟ ɪɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɪɭɫɥɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɥɫɹ ɚɬɟɪɨɝɟɧɧɵɣ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɞɟɛɪɢɫ ɪɢɫ ɉɪɢɱɟɦ ɷɬɨ ɧɟ ɤɨɪɪɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɥɨɫɬɚɤɢɦɢɩɪɢɡɧɚɤɚɦɢɤɚɤɝɟɬɟɪɨ ɝɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɢɥɢ©ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɧɨɫɬɶªɛɥɹɲɤɢ

ɊɢɫɎɨɬɨɤɨɪɡɢɧɤɢɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ $FFXQHW©$EERWW9DVFXODUªɢɡɜɥɟɱɟɧɧɨɝɨɢɡɚɪɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɪɭɫɥɚɩɨɫɥɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ

ɤɚɪɨɬɢɞɧɨɝɨɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹȼɢɞɧɚɦɚɫɫɚɚɬɟɪɨɝɟɧɧɨɝɨɞɟɛɪɢɫɚɧɚɮɢɥɶɬɪɟ

Ɍɚɤɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦɷɬɢɞɚɧɧɵɟɫɨɞɧɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɸɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɩɪɢ ɚɧɝɢɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɟ ɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɜ ɋɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ ȼɋȺ ɜɨ ɜɫɟɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɫ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ ± ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬɧɚɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɪɨɜɚɧ ɧɨɝɨ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɜ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ

Ɍɚɤ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɹ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɮɚɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ ɩɪɢ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɚɯ ɜ ɋɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ

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ɄɅȱɇȱɑɇȺ

ɆȿȾɂɐɂɇȺ

ɩɨɫɥɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɚɫɩɢɪɚɰɢɢ ɷɦɛɨɥɨɝɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɞɟɛɪɢɫɚ ɢɡ ȼɋȺ ȼɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ ɤɚɪɨɬɢɞɧɵɯ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɫ ɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɨɣ ȼ ɞɜɭɯ ɢɡ ɷɬɢɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɣɛɵɥɢɪɟɤɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɵɢɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨ ɜɚɧɵɯɪɨɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɢȼɋȺȼɫɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɨɲɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɫ ɯɨɪɨɲɢɦ ɤɥɢɧɢ ɱɟɫɤɢɦɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɦ

Ɉɞɧɚɤɨ ɢɡɨɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɨ ɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ 0R0D 8OWUD ɩɪɢ ɤɚɪɨɬɢɞɧɨɦ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɬɚɤɠɟɢɦɟɟɬɪɹɞɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɢɣȼɩɟɪɜɭɸɨɱɟɪɟɞɶ ɷɬɨ ɝɪɭɩɩɚ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɫ ɧɟɬɨɥɟɪɚɧɬɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɤ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɸɤɪɨɜɨɬɨɤɚɩɨȼɋȺ

ȼ ɧɚɲɟɦ ɰɟɧɬɪɟ ɞɥɹ ɝɪɭɩɩɵ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɫ ɤɚɪɨɬɢɞɧɵɦɢ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɚɦɢ ɜ ɋɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ ɫ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟɦ ɮɚɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɢ ɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɤɚɤ ɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɦɟɬɨɞɚ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵɢɫɧɟɬɨɥɟɪɚɧɬɧɨɫɬɶɸɤɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɢȼɋȺ

ɛɵɥɚɜɩɟɪɜɵɟɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɚɢɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɚɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɫ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɢɪɨ ɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɩɪɨɤɫɢ ɦɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɨɜ Ɋɢɫɤ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɢ ɜ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɪɭɫɥɨ ɧɚ ɷɬɚɩɟ ɩɪɨ ɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɧɢɜɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɥɫɹ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɪɨɜɨɬɨɤɚɩɨȼɋȺɧɚɷɬɨɦɷɬɚɩɟɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦ ɉɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɫ ɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɤɨɪɡɢɧɤɢ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨ ɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɥɚɫɶɞɟɨɤɤɥɸɡɢɹ ɈɋȺ ɢ ɇɋȺ ɤɪɨɜɨɬɨɤ ɩɨ ȼɋȺ ɜɨɫɫɬɚ ɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɫɹɬɟɦɫɚɦɵɦɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɥɫɹɪɢɫɤɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɝɟɦɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɦɨɡɝɚ ɪɢɫ ± Ȼɵɥɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɢɧɧɨɜɚ ɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɚɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɵ Ɉɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ ɧɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɨɬɦɟɱɚɥɫɹ ɯɨɪɨɲɢɣ ɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ

(6)

ɊɢɫɂɧɬɪɚɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɣɮɥɸɨɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɫɧɢɦɨɤȻɚɥɥɨɧɵɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ0R0D8OWUDɪɚɫɤɪɵɬɵɜɨɛɳɟɣɫɨɧɧɨɣɚɪɬɟɪɢɢɢɧɚɪɭɠɧɨɣɫɨɧɧɨɣ

ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢɄɪɨɜɨɬɨɤɩɨɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɣɫɨɧɧɨɣɚɪɬɟɪɢɢɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɞɨɦɨɦɟɧɬɚɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɢɪɚɫɤɪɵɬɢɹɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɡɚɡɨɧɭɫɬɟɧɨɡɚ

ȼ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɟ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɰɟɪɟ ɛɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɢ ɢɦɟɥɨ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɜ ɯɨɞɟ ɜɵ ɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɚɧɝɢɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɢ ɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ©ɜɵ ɫɨɤɢɯª ɢ ɢɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɨɜ ɜ ȼɋȺ ɋɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ ɱɬɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɩɪɢ ɷɧɞɨɜɚɫɤɭɥɹɪɧɵɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹɯ ɧɚ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɚɯ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɥɨɤɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɣ ɧɟ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɨɦɈɞɧɚɤɨɜɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟɜɪɟɦɹ ɦɵ ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɹ ɨɩɵɬ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɫ ɭɫɩɟɯɨɦ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɥɢ ɚɧɝɢɨ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɭ ɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɨɜ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨ

ɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɤɫɢ ɦɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɫ ɞɜɭɦɹɛɚɥɥɨɧɚɦɢ0R0D8OWUD0HGWURQLFɬɚɤɢ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɫɨɞɧɢɦɛɚɥɥɨɧɨɦ±&RUDLO%DOW

(7)

ɄɅȱɇȱɑɇȺ

ɆȿȾɂɐɂɇȺ

ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɍɁɚɧɝɢɨɫɤɚɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɥɢɧɚɬɨɱɬɨɫɬɟɧɨɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɚɪɬɟɪɢɢɛɵɥɨ ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɨ ɪɵɯɥɵɦ ɩɪɢɫɬɟɧɨɱɧɵɦ ɬɪɨɦɛɨɦ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɪɢɫɤ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɦɛɨɥɢɢ ɜ ɯɨɞɟ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹɛɵɥɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɵɦ

Ƚɟɦɨɪɪɚɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɹ

ɇɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɝɪɨɡɧɵɦ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɜ ɧɚɲɢɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɛɵɥ ɪɚɡɪɵɜ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ ɩɪɢ ɚɧɝɢɨ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɟ ɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɢɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ȼɋȺ ȼɨ ɜɫɟɯ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹɯ ɷɬɨ ɡɚɤɨɧɱɢɥɨɫɶɥɟɬɚɥɶɧɨ

ɋɥɟɞɭɟɬɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶɱɬɨɫɬɪɟɦɥɟɧɢɟɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɫɬɟɧɨɡ ɢɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ɰɟɪɟɛɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬ ɪɢɫɤ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɹɈɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɣɫɬɟɧɨɡɢɞɚɠɟ ɜɩɨɥɧɟɞɨɩɭɫɬɢɦɊɢɫɤɬɚɤɢɯɨɫɥɨɠɧɟɧɢɣɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɧɟɣɪɨ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɪɢɹ ɧɟɣɪɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɢɤɨɜ ɛɚɥɥɨɧ ɤɚɬɟɬɟɪɨɜ ɢ ɫɚɦɨɪɚɫɤɪɵɜɚɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɫɬɟɧɬɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɢɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɚɪɬɟɪɢɣ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨ ɪɨɧɚɪɧɵɯ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɢɧɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɨɜɞɚɥɟɤɨɧɟɜɫɟɝɞɚɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨ

ɊɢɫɂɧɬɪɚɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɣɮɥɸɨɪɨɫɤɨɩɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɫɧɢɦɨɤȻɚɥɥɨɧɵɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ0R0D8OWUDɫɞɭɬɵɩɨɫɥɟɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɗɬɚɩɚɧɝɢɨɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɢɫɬɟɧɨɡɚɢɢɦɩɥɚɧɬɚɰɢɢɫɬɟɧɬɚɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɫɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ

ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɨɣɄɨɧɬɪɚɫɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɪɚɫɤɪɵɬɵɣɤɚɪɨɬɢɞɧɵɣɫɬɟɧɬɩɟɬɥɹɤɨɪɡɢɧɤɢ ɞɢɫɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ)LOWHU:LUH©%RVWRQ6FLHQWLILFª

ɦɟɬɤɢɫɞɭɬɵɯɛɚɥɥɨɧɨɜɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ0R0D8OWUD

(8)

ɊɢɫɄɚɪɨɬɢɞɧɚɹɚɧɝɢɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɫɩɪɚɜɚɩɨɫɥɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹɩɨɥɭɛɨɤɨɜɚɹɩɪɨɟɤɰɢɹ ɫɬɟɧɨɡɜɥɭɤɨɜɢɰɟɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɣɫɨɧɧɨɣɚɪɬɟɪɢɢɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧ

ɍ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɢɡ ɩɚɰɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɫ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɧɵɦ ɫɢɧɞɪɨɦɨɦ ɝɢɩɟɪɩɟɪɮɭɡɢɢ ɨɬɦɟɱɚɥɚɫɶ ɝɟɦɨɪ ɪɚɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɬɪɚɧɫɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɜ ɨɱɚɝ ɩɨɞɨɫɬɪɨɝɨ ɢɲɟɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɢɧɫɭɥɶɬɚɱɟɪɟɡɫɭɬɤɢɩɨɫɥɟɨɩɟɪɚ ɰɢɢ ɫɬɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ȼɋȺ ɜ ɷɤɫɬɪɚɤɪɚɧɢɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɟ

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(10)

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(11)

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ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɜ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɷɦɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɵ

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ɚɤɥɢɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɞɚɧɧɵɯ

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