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Learning to sing with the accompaniment of the gusle in Serbia in the XXI century

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а а а ић- иха вић , danka.lajic.mihajlovic@gmail.com

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:

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Danka Lajić-Mihajlović

LEARNING TO SING WITH THE ACCOMPANIMENT

OF THE GUSLE IN SERBIA IN THE XXI CENTURY (Summary)

In this paper, learning to sing with the accompaniment of the gusle is

reconsidered within the concept of the preservation of traditional folk music

as an intangible cultural heritage, that is, as a specifi c form of music education. Having dealt with a traditional way of providing continuity in the practice of

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more experienced family members or guslars from nearby surrounding –

some crucial moments in the history of singing with the accompaniment of

the gusle, which also infl uenced the process of transmitting this skill, are

demonstrated. In recent times, singing with the accompaniment of the gusle

has been mastered not only within family circles but also in associations

of guslars, at private schools of music, and lately there has also been an

opportunity to learn this skill at some state schools of music. Accordingly,

interviews with the members of an Association of guslars association that is particularly distinguished by the fostering young guslars, and interviews with

gusle teachers and pupils who attend schools of music were used as primary

sources for this paper, together with the specifi c experience of the author as a

president of the jury in a young guslars’ competition. Since the poetic content of the songs is primarily learnt from printed collections or audio recordings,

future guslars in fact master the musical skills of playing and singing along

the instrument, that is, the skill of the vocal interpretation of a chosen written

poetic text. Concerning these, some programmes and methods are discussed, as well as their effects on young guslars’ competence, principally from the point

of style and aesthetics. Attention is particularly drawn to fl aws in the teaching

concept of future gusle players at state schools of music. In conclusion, the

necessity of applying ethnomusicological fi ndings to activities concerning the preservation of an intangible cultural heritage, in other words, the necessity

of including teams of professionals in reforming the educational system and

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