Alternative Communication

Top PDF Alternative Communication:

AACVOX: mobile application for augmentative alternative communication to help people with speech disorder and motor impairment

AACVOX: mobile application for augmentative alternative communication to help people with speech disorder and motor impairment

Solving the problems encountered by people with speech disorders in daily activities has driven the development of a number of techniques and strategies to aid the speech of individuals with CP to compensate for their disabilities (American..., 2002 ). The first resources for augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) were developed in the 1970s in Toronto, Canada (Cook and Polgar, 2014). Since then, parents and special education teachers have been encouraged to use sign language and symbols to communicate with people with speech disorders (Light and McNaughton, 2012). The picture exchange communication system (PECS) was developed in the 1980s as a multi-phase AAC intervention to assist individuals with speech disorders (Wilkinson and Hennig, 2007). Despite the benefits of PECS, there were still significant limitations (Cook and Polgar, 2014). In an attempt to use technology to improve communication interventions, the first use of AAC technologies came in the form of AAC devices with pre-loaded software used solely for communication purposes (Wilkinson and Hennig, 2007). These devices allow a person to use digitized and/or synthetic speech to communicate and make the communication process more approach to ordinary speech (Light and McNaughton, 2012). Despite the technological advancement of AACs, speech-generating devices (also known as voice output communication aids) are extremely expensive, difficult to program or personalize, and not sufficiently flexible to accommodate the needs of users (Shane et al., 2011). With the aim of making optimal use of AAC devices, while producing a more affordable tool, AAC applications (app) were created. (Manrique et al., 2016). This is a significant milestone for AAC app growth, that also extended to the academic and scientific communities (Light and McNaughton, 2012).
Mostrar mais

10 Ler mais

Script for language assessment on Augmentative and Alternative Communication perspective: construction and content validation

Script for language assessment on Augmentative and Alternative Communication perspective: construction and content validation

Purpose: Content development and validation of a language assessment instrument lined on Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). Methods: The instrument was elaborated from a bibliographic review, along with the clinical experience of the researcher. Then, It was evaluated by expert judges in the area and a new final version was constructed, with computed collaboration. Results: The Instrument was developed in four content axes, with instructions and suggestion of contexts and graphic symbols. Based on the evaluation of judges, the instrument was improved and the final version was proposed. Conclusion: The instrument, named CSA_Linguagem, was proved to be operational, easy, of rapid application and low cost. However, this research has limitations, there are no standardized language assessment tools that consider the use of graphic symbols as communication possibilities.
Mostrar mais

8 Ler mais

Script for language assessment on Augmentative and Alternative Communication perspective: construction and content validation

Script for language assessment on Augmentative and Alternative Communication perspective: construction and content validation

Purpose: Content development and validation of a language assessment instrument lined on Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). Methods: The instrument was elaborated from a bibliographic review, along with the clinical experience of the researcher. Then, It was evaluated by expert judges in the area and a new final version was constructed, with computed collaboration. Results: The Instrument was developed in four content axes, with instructions and suggestion of contexts and graphic symbols. Based on the evaluation of judges, the instrument was improved and the final version was proposed. Conclusion: The instrument, named CSA_Linguagem, was proved to be operational, easy, of rapid application and low cost. However, this research has limitations, there are no standardized language assessment tools that consider the use of graphic symbols as communication possibilities.
Mostrar mais

8 Ler mais

A visão de um grupo de fonoaudiólogos acerca da prancha de Comunicação Alternativa/The view of a group of speech therapists about the alternative communication board

A visão de um grupo de fonoaudiólogos acerca da prancha de Comunicação Alternativa/The view of a group of speech therapists about the alternative communication board

Introduction: Speech is the language modality prioritized in most social relationships. Therefore, in interactions where oral speech becomes limited or unviable, other manifestations of subjects with impaired speech must be put into operation. Thus, Alternative Communication (AC) provides the use of resources, strategies and techniques that give people with oral limitations greater authorship in their speeches through the Alternative Communication (AC) boards. Objective: To analyze the vision of a group of speech therapists about knowledge and uses related to AC boards and to reflect on language concepts. Method: Based on an extension course taught at a private university, a semi- structured questionnaire was applied to 11 speech therapists who work with subjects with speech restrictions. Results: A vision of language as a communication code prevails among the responses of the participants, there was also a predominance of the concept of the board as an instrument of communication and expression of needs. In contrast, it was found that part of speech therapists conceive of this resource as a mediator of social relations and learning. Conclusion: It is up to the speech therapist a theoretical perspective that allows him to see language in its functioning and in its subjectivity, offering elements for the advancement of therapeutic approaches. The board's mediating function must go beyond communicating wants and needs, aiming to expand dialogical interactions, the development of language and knowledge of people with impaired speech.
Mostrar mais

17 Ler mais

Augmentative and Alternative Communication use: family and professionals’ perceptions of facilitators and barriers

Augmentative and Alternative Communication use: family and professionals’ perceptions of facilitators and barriers

Purpose: To investigate the facilitators and barriers involved in the use of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) by people with complex communication needs in social and therapeutic environments under family members/caregivers and speech-language pathologists (SLP) perceptions. Methods: This is a transversal quantitative and qualitative study with 20 family members/caregivers (FCG) and 20 SLP (SLPG). The data was collected by semistructured interviews with specific questionnaires for each group; recorded and transcribed for further analysis. Data was categorized in thematic axes, categories and subcategories, using recurrent and salient criteria. The two most important topics were: barriers and facilitators. Results: Both groups indicate as barriers: high material cost, using other ways to communicate, family member as interpreter, language and cognitive deficits, acceptance of AAC for users and family members, lack of comprehension of AAC and family perceptions of AAC as speech suppress. As facilitators, both groups indicate the use of high technology, versatility and availability of AAC systems, family adherence and engagement, contextualized use of AAC outside of therapeutic contexts and the importance of therapeutic setting and team support. Conclusion: In this way, the main interlocutors in AAC implementation, professionals or family members can be barriers when they make it difficult for users to exercise their autonomy in communication, or facilitators when they encourage and use AAC with users.
Mostrar mais

9 Ler mais

PróFono R. Atual. Cient.  vol.21 número1

PróFono R. Atual. Cient. vol.21 número1

Background: Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) is expanding in our country, however it is still not a widely recognized practice. Although the term "Augmentative and Alternative Communication" is well defined in the international literature, in our country there is no official and/or accepted version. Aim: to review the terms used in Brazil and to discuss their implications, taking as a reference the policies and recommendations of Isaac - International Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication. Method: a review of national Journals was made, consulting Lilacs and SciELO database, until the year of 2007. Results: the following versions were found: Comunicação Alternativa e Suplementar, Comunicação Alternativa, Comunicação Suplementar e/ou Alternativa, Sistemas Alternativos e Facilitadores de Comunicação, Comunicação Suplementar, Comunicação Alternativa e Ampliada. Conclusion: it is important for a given version/term, besides being adopted by its own use, to maintain the original intended sense and to be in consonance with recommendations/policies of the field it belongs, such as those proposed by Isaac. This is a relevant discussion for the consolidation and strengthening of AAC in Brazil and also for the establishment of descriptors in the field of Health Sciences.
Mostrar mais

7 Ler mais

Rev. CEFAC  vol.19 número4

Rev. CEFAC vol.19 número4

Results: regarding access to the information media, all speech therapists in the sample presented the initiative to supply the absence of language training with Augmentative and Alternative Communication by different means. Regarding the dual focus on intervention, all speech therapists were favorable to this practice. However, according to experience, they reported resistance from the family, school and other therapists. The results showed two different types of introduction implementation and use of Augmentative and Alternative Communication, predominantly formed by strategies contemplating the pragmatic use of language through the contextualization of signiicant activities for the user. The other way used the Picture Exchange Communication System.
Mostrar mais

10 Ler mais

COMUNICAÇÃO ALTERNATIVA E A PARCERIA DO CURSO DE TERAPIA OCUPACIONAL COM O ARASAAC

COMUNICAÇÃO ALTERNATIVA E A PARCERIA DO CURSO DE TERAPIA OCUPACIONAL COM O ARASAAC

Em agosto de 2010, por ocasião do congresso internacional de Comunicação Alternativa, realizado pela International Society of Augmentative and Alternative Communication-ISAAC, duas professoras do Curso de Terapia Ocupacional iniciaram contato com membros do Portal ARASAAC, para o estabelecimento de parceria que possibilitasse o uso desses símbolos pictográficos em português. Os símbolos encontravam-se traduzidos em diversos idiomas sem contemplar a língua portuguesa.

9 Ler mais

Rev. CEFAC  vol.19 número3

Rev. CEFAC vol.19 número3

In the article, “Delimitation of the area named augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)” with DOI number: 10.1590/1982-021620171927316, published in the journal Revista Cefac,[r]

1 Ler mais

Rev. CEFAC  vol.17 número3

Rev. CEFAC vol.17 número3

This study aimed to describe the use of the Augmentative and Alternative Communication in two cases of aphasia after stroke. The speech therapy was divided in four stages that approached since the display of forms of communication for the album until the effective use this resource. In all stages, was used the pictographic system Picture Communication Symbols, because it is a system that has greater translucent iconicity. By reapplication of tests, was possible to show improvement in oral ability, writing, reading and denomination the two participants. To this end, the speech therapy was performed with two aphasic participants, using the Augmentative and Alternative Communication. This study allows conclude that the speech therapy using the Augmentative and Alternative Communication in two case of aphasia after stroke, brought beneits to functional communication the participants, and these resources had a augmentative role making communication more eficient and brought beneits in the rehabilitation process, promoting development of skills in reading e naming.
Mostrar mais

9 Ler mais

Rev. CEFAC  vol.18 número3

Rev. CEFAC vol.18 número3

Purpose: to analyze the use of augmentative and alternative communication as resource interpretation of children’s literature books for a participant with cerebral palsy and with complex communication needs. Methods: to this end, it used single subject design with a seven year old child diagnosed with cerebral palsy and with complex communication needs. The dependent variable was constituted in communication and interpretation skills and the independent variable was constituted in the interpretation of children’s stories activities, using books and pictures adapted by augmentative and alternative communication. The activities were conducted in three stages, as follows: Baseline, Intervention and Maintenance. The ses- sions were ilmed and recorded in record sheet, and then the data were analyzed quantitatively.
Mostrar mais

8 Ler mais

Audiol., Commun. Res.  vol.19 número4

Audiol., Commun. Res. vol.19 número4

and non-fluent aphasics. Methods: This is a prospective, quantitative, and transversal study. We included 11 stroke patients with aphasia (five non-fluent aphasics augmentative and alternative communication users and six fluent aphasics). Data was gathered from the Stroke Specific Quality of Life Scale (SS-QOL), a structure interview, and The Modi- fied Rankin Scale. Results: The non-fluent aphasics presented poorer Rankin and quality of life than the fluent aphasics. The major difference occurred in the fields of language and upper extremity function. The three most affected domains in non-fluent aphasics were language, so- cial roles, and thinking, whereas in the fluent aphasics were personality, social roles, and thinking. All the subjects referred a worse quality of life after stroke. The domains of language and self-care were identified as the most affected after stroke. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that, in general, non-fluent aphasics have lower quality of life than fluent aphasics. However, this difference is not homogeneous among the several quality of life domains. Additionally, this research evidences a relationship between aphasia severity and individual functionality, implying impairment in quality of life, especially for non-fluent aphasics.
Mostrar mais

8 Ler mais

Rev. CEFAC  vol.18 número5

Rev. CEFAC vol.18 número5

These or other impairments in communication and expressive and/or understanding language result in social isolation of individuals, causing changes in social life that, when compounded, can cause stress and depression, making them more susceptible to diseases. One of the therapeutic possibilities of Speech, Language and Hearing Science therapy intervention to minimize communicative, cognitive and social losses of the elderly, is the implementation of the Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in their routines. Even though the scarce scientiic literature on this particular aspect and this growing population, it is believed that AAC support leverages psycholinguistic and mental health capabilities, optimizing the present and future quality of life.
Mostrar mais

8 Ler mais

Communication and art

Communication and art

Given the combination of such a plurality of different perspectives in the context of this issue, it is worthwhile pondering the various possible conclusions that may be drawn from these different texts, authors, and realities and objects. Any compilation of texts by several authors, even if anchored on a theme somehow shared, is always, we might say, a “provocation”, a meeting space that destabilizes the limits of pre-given signification that each text preserves, in its illusory autonomy in intra-discursive terms. Inevitably, this publication is first and foremost an inventor of new meanings, a producer of con- nections, but also of debatable classifications, with a view to proposing new interpreta- tions. Ultimately this is an exercise in hermeneutics – that proceeds from explanation of the work and the author to an understanding of that which has caught, or continues to catch, the interest of the editors, who are involved in a wide range of different concerns, and theoretical and methodological problems, shared by the academic and artistic com- munities. This issue, thus, addresses an approximation between communication, in its possibilities of interrogation on the public, mediation, discourses produced in the field of culture and the arts, on the one hand, and art itself, in its intermodal and interdisciplinary multiple dimensions, in the ways in which it increasingly calls upon the skills and poten- tial of communication, both in artistic creation and in artistic production, on the other. Ultimately, this will involve discussion, at least at an implicit level, of the porosity of the boundaries between art and science. This debate is even more relevant today, given that we have witnessed a profound ontological and epistemological crisis, that transcends a wide array of social and cultural practices and representations. This issue aims to explore the field of communication, in terms of the way that it challenges art. The texts published herein, which we will now briefly summarise, are stimulating starting points.
Mostrar mais

5 Ler mais

Speechreading as a communication mediator

Speechreading as a communication mediator

by the daily use of this skill in the life of a person with HI, which is developed to compensate for the existing HI. It pro- vides effective communication and, consequently, it improves the self-esteem and the social interactions of these individu- als (2,5,18-20) . People who hear can also use SR, but they only do

8 Ler mais

Communication of influenza, influence of communication (Italian original version)

Communication of influenza, influence of communication (Italian original version)

L’Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità sembra aver applicato piuttosto fedelmente, in questo frangente, le linee guida per la comunicazione delle emergenze epidemiche da essa stessa stilate nel 2005 (WHO Outbreak Communication Guidelines) e tradotte nel 2008 in un manuale di pianificazione della comunicazione “basato sull’evidenza” e “sperimentato sul campo” (WHO Outbreak Communication Planning Guide). Si tratta di documenti interessanti. Invece che una trasmissione di informazioni inoculativa, unidirezionale, e invece che uno stretto controllo sulla diffusione delle informazioni mirato a evitare il panico, l’OMS propone pratiche comunicative incentrate sulla trasparenza e l’ascolto del pubblico. Le linee guida si basano su sei principi: comunicare in maniera da guadagnarsi (o recuperare) la fiducia del pubblico; annunciare immediatamente l’evenienza di una crisi sanitaria, persino nel caso in cui si abbiano ancora informazioni incomplete (senza minimizzare il rischio né glissare su dati e fatti che potrebbero essere rivelati da terzi, erodendo la fiducia nelle istituzioni); comunicare con trasparenza le policies adottate e i criteri che le guidano; ascoltare il pubblico, la sua percezione, le sue preoccupazioni; pianificare anticipatamente il funzionamento della comunicazione in situazioni di crisi, addestrando il personale, facendo simulazioni, valutando successi e insuccessi di campagne passate.
Mostrar mais

2 Ler mais

Strategies for identifying RNA splicing regulatory motifs and predicting alternative splicing events.

Strategies for identifying RNA splicing regulatory motifs and predicting alternative splicing events.

From Transcripts to Patterns of Alternative Splicing The principal computational approach to identifying AS genes, and to infer individual alternative exon events or complete alternative isoform structures, relies on the comparison of available transcript data to assembled genomes and known gene loci. For this framework to work well, one needs available complete and annotated genomes, large collections of transcribed sequences acquired under various cellular contexts (e.g., different cell or tissue types), and reliable and efficient algorithms for sequence alignment. In an initial step, large-scale alignments of transcripts to genomic DNA are conducted using a variety of systems (a selection is listed in Table S1). The genomic sequence is usually of high-end quality, whereas transcribed sequences come in two different flavors: 1) complementary DNAs (cDNAs), which often produce a single or at least very limited number of possible genomic matches; and 2) expressed sequence tags (ESTs) or shorter reads from massively parallel sequencing, which can produce a considerably larger number of possible matches. ESTs are sequenced in a single pass and are therefore available in large numbers, but often quite error-prone especially toward the ends of a read.
Mostrar mais

10 Ler mais

Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter.  vol.38 número2

Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. vol.38 número2

Alternative methods for detecting genetic alterations in multiple myeloma samples. aCGH is an alternative technology to test copy number varia-[r]

2 Ler mais

ADDITIONAL INDEX TERMS: alternative respiratory pathway, respiration, alternative oxidase,

ADDITIONAL INDEX TERMS: alternative respiratory pathway, respiration, alternative oxidase,

plants and no significant fluctuations in the content of carbohydrates in the sun plants were detected. We believe that increase in respiration and activity of the alternative pathway in the sun plants tested depends on the content of carbohydrates in leaves. The trends observed in the darkening experiments can be considered as a good supporting evidence for this suggestion. On the other hand, it is not clear which mechanisms acted in regulation of the alternative pathway activity in the shade plants. No agreement has been achieved about general mechanisms regulating AOX activity, either (Vanlerberghe and McIntosh, 1997).
Mostrar mais

8 Ler mais

Key words: Corporate Communication, Internal Communication, Reputation, Image,

Key words: Corporate Communication, Internal Communication, Reputation, Image,

Villafañe define o comportamento corporativo como o modo como a empresa age no que diz respeito às suas políticas de funcionamento, à sua cultura corporativa, que são as su[r]

33 Ler mais

Show all 3165 documents...