The Universal Declaration ofthe Human Rights in its article 1 states that: “All people are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are plenty of reason and consciousness and must act with each other with the fraternity spirit”. The referred declaration has been receiving lots of criticisms in what it refers to the “legalist-formal character and, in the last resource, without contents” (MÉSZÁROS, 1993, p. 205). The author calls attention to the formal character ofthe human rights, that since Hobbes, passing by Locke and even Rousseau, “the most radical ofthe predecessors of Marx”, do not conceive the rights out oftheright to the private property that ensures the domain ofthe bourgeoisie.
on one hand, the presence of a legal system like the NEBGL, able to for- ward the educational process to the principles and purposes ofeducation (art. 206) on the basis ofthe Democratic-Republicans grounds (art. 1). But, on the other hand, the recurrent signaling of universalist goals, not made effective with the reiterated proclamation ofthe free and compul- sory right to school education in elementary school and supported in the binding budget, shows how much of a social debt there is to be rescued, as a result ofthe slave regime prevailing in the country until 1988, and ofthe socially exclusive regimes that followed (CURY, 2000, p. 583).
Critiquing the manner in which Harvard Business School's curriculum was targeting excellence without soul, Piper, Gentile and Parks (1993) argued that it is only through an education that extends beyond the transfer of skills to become a moral endeavour that the issue of unethical behaviour among business leaders can be addressed. This is because this form ofeducation would involve the generational transfer of a kind of wisdom regarding responsible moral commitment in complex contexts. Sternberg, Reznitskaya and Jarvin (2007) argue for education that promotes wisdom – not merely acquisition of knowledge. This is because what matters is not so much what the students know but how they use the knowledge. Maxwell (2007) is very much convinced that there is a need to extend academic inquiry beyond knowledge acquisition to include the promotion of wisdom. Wisdom is defined as the capacity to realise what is of value in life for oneself and others (and thus includes knowledge, know-how and understanding). To paraphrase Maxwell, education is not only concerned with what to know but also what to do in the ultimate journey to BE.
That is, these different events, in different historical moments, contribute with feature significant changes of higher education policies in relation to its purposes and conceptual meanings. One of these sig- nificant changes was precisely the construction of legal and social devices aggregating to the educational policies the provision of access for all. But, on the other hand, the institutional framework (rules, norms, values etc.) which governs the making of higher education has remained unaltered, with visible benefits to the dominant sectors of society. Thus, the perma- nence of strong tonic in the institutional framework of Brazilian higher education, such as the idea of evolution, merit and homogeneity, contin- ues creating access restrictions in the academic world ofthe social differ- ences and the true fulfillment ofthe premise oftheright to education.
court recognized the approach that children are individual rights-bearers rather than mere extensions of their parents or miniature adults waiting to reach full size – that they are not destined to sink or swim with their parents. Judge Sachs endorsed the fact that every child has his/her own dignity and distinctive personality. It was accordingly held that section 28 ofthe Constitution presupposes that the sins and traumas of parents should not be visited on their children. In this regard it was emphasised that all children have theright to express themselves as independent social beings, to imagine and explore in their own way, and above all to learn as they grow how they should conduct themselves and make choices in the wide social and moral world of adulthood. These remarks were subsequently referred to and underscored by the Constitutional Court in Teddy Bear Clinic for Abused Children v Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development. 41 It was stated that human dignity
The training of otorhinolaryngologists can happen in medical residency programs certified by the Ministry ofEducation and Culture (MEC), with a right to the title of specialist immediately after completing the program, or in specialization programs certified by the Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology-Neck and Facial Surgery (ABORL- CCF), which give the title of specialist to those who pass a test from the latter institution afterwards.
This article discusses theeducation, treating it as an essential social right to the development of Brazil. This work intends to check the importance ofthe investment in the quality education, as a way to achieve the other fundamental rights established in the Federal Constitution of 1988. Therefore, the study starts analyzing the challenge ofthe sociopolitical development in Brazil, and, at the end, points out the implications ofthe materialization oftheright to education in the transformation ofthe society in order to equilibrate the social organism and increase the development.
Billeh, Stephen P. Heyneman, Phillip Hughes, Pai Obanya, Adama Ouane, Sema Tanguiane, Kata- rina Tomasevski and Peter R. C. Williams. Back- ground papers were provided by Stephen P. Heyneman, Maria Teresa Siniscalco and Robert Wood. Two international meetings were spon- sored by UNESCO as part ofthe background preparation of this report: a round table on the theme, ‘The role of measurement and evaluation in education policy’, organized by the International Association for Educational Assessment (IAEA), held at the headquarters of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in Princeton, New Jersey, United States, 29–30 June 1998, and an international col- loquium on the theme, ‘Le droit à l’éducation: nou- veaux contenus de l’éducation pour le vingt-et- unième siècle’, organized by the French National Commission for UNESCO in co-operation with the Centre international des études pédagogiques (CIEP) in Sèvres, France, 1–3 July 1999. The pro- ceedings of these meetings have been published in Frances M. Ottobre (ed.), The Role of Mea sure- ment a nd Eva lua tion in Educa tion Policy, Paris, UNESCO, 1999, and in the Revue interna tiona l d’éduca tion, Sèvres, Nos. 24 –25, December 1999 – March 2000. The kind co-operation of all these individuals and organizations is gratefully acknowledged. None of them necessarily agrees with the views expressed in the report.
Our general principles are social inclusion and the process of political and economic emancipation as an inalienable rightof human beings; the respect for differences and equality; the commitment to SUS social control and to the permanent creation of public policies in the areas of health, education, work, science, and technology; respect for the ethics, pluralism, democracy and transparency; the strengthening of technical and scientific cooperation at national and international level; the expansion of knowledge based on a dialogue between different forms of knowledge; the commitment to developing initiatives to institute new ways to manage public and private institutions; the development of management and communication models that are more horizontal, interdisciplinary, multi-professional and cross-sectorial; and the belief in the power of cooperation and solidarity, in the trans(formation) of individuals and collectivities.
As it understood that the chances of success in the conflicts that would take place in the parliament would depend on a political force greater than the Brazilian Campaign for theRight to Education’s alone at the time, its coordination worked to structure a national movement that could add new members, based on this particular subject. It con- stituted thus the Movimento PNE pra Valer [Movement PNE for Real], a broad and plural joint of institutions, organizations, networks and citizens who, individually or collectively, took upon themselves the task of making pressure on the Congress so the creation of PNE law would reflect the resolutions adopted at the CONAE 2010, the driving force ofthe Movement.
Abstract: The demographic structure ofthe population ofthe European conger eel (Conger conger; Linnaeus, 1758) from the Western coast of Algeria is made up of young individuals who enlarge more quickly than they grow. The estimated parameters of growth using the equation of Von Bertalanffy are: For females: L∞ = 134 mm ; K= 0,13 ; to = -0,69. For males: L∞ = 108 mm ; K= 0,23 ; to = -0,67 The specimens with most advanced stage of maturation appeared from February to April 2012 for both, female and male. The size at the first sexual maturity was 78 mm in males and 88 mm in females. The sex-ratio was in favor ofthe females lasting almost all the year excepting during September, December (2011), and January 2012 for males.
Good physical and technological properties are the reason why silumins have found wide application in various branches ofthe engineering industry, among others, in aviation, building industry, electronic and electro-engineering industry and, last but not least, in automotive industry. And yet, though offering numerous advantages, silumins are also characterised by a very important drawback. From the technical viewpoint this is their tendency to the formation of a coarse-grained structure, adversely affecting the mechanical properties of castings. For this reason, silumins after the refining treatment should be subjected to modification.
Typical temperatures for the process of crystallization and melting ofthe ZRE1 alloy, i.e. temperature ofthe beginning and the end of crystallization, and melting point for intermetallic phase and the Mg (α) solid solution were determined by differential thermal analysis (DTA). The tests were performed on the SETSYS thermal analyser manufactured by Setaram, using the TG-DTA head. The systems allows measurements of heat flow during phase changes related to melting and crystallization of tested alloys. The measurement ofthe temperature ofthe beginning and the end ofthe change were made with the method of two tangents’ intersection (“one set point”). The conditions ofthe experiment are given in table 2, and the DTA curves for the ZRE1 alloy during heating and cooling are shown in figure 2.
the countries in Asia as Malaysia had more intentions of organic products from the customers in view ofthe importance of health on environmental issues (Saleki et al., 2012:99). This shows that attentions to organic products are already quite well received by the community. However, there needs to be studied perception of organic products in Indonesia, because Indonesia is a developing country which has a population density is quite high compared from Malaysia. And consumption of vegetable, especially organic vegetable products is still low in Indonesia (Amin, 2014:13), in particularly the province of West Java. An organic vegetable product offered by retail supermarket is assessed by consumers in both of sides, quality and risk. Price is a risk that should be accepted by consumers when buying organic vegetables. Hence, price of organic vegetables is more expensive than conventional vegetable products (Radman, 2005:263). Value ofthe risk products is very important for customer, which has an impact on consumer purchasing decisions (Yee et al., 2011:55). Nowadays consumers buy organic products is not as aware ofthe health and environmental effects but because of advised and habit of surroundings (Guido et al., 2010:99). In addition, not all consumers considered that by buying organic products, have been keeping or help conserve the environment (Arvola, 2008:449). It is alleged lack of consumer understanding of product quality organic vegetables. On last study it was discovered that the perceived quality is strong relationship with consumer purchasing decisions (Yee et al., 2011:55). Consumer’s had perception of organic products is because of quality and safety, in addition to some other benefits (Zanoli et al., 2012:70). Customer value of product influenced purchase decision of products (Shareef, 2008:105). Organic vegetable products have value in consumer where quality and satisfactions become value for consumers (Ying & Chiu, 2012:125). Higher value of consumer product quality of organic vegetables is more possibility to purchase decisions of organic vegetable products who offered in retail supermarkets. Based on previously phenomenon, this study examines the level of consumer perceptions of quality and risk in organic vegetables, as well as the impact on consumer purchasing decisions.
The era of globalization is impact on the necessity for each country to be able to compete with the world competition that tends indefinitely. It is synonymous with the concept of state sovereignty reduction, technological sophistication, and world space narrowing and trade transactions development as a thinking the implementation of free trade. Globalization has had an impact on the escalation ofthe nation‘s defense and security threats in border region. As awareness for the perception of border region between countries to encourage policy makers to develop an assessment about the arrangement of border region equipped with the formulation of security system. As an archipelagic country, Indonesia has more than 17.504. islands with a coastline of more than 80.290 km, and borders with 10 neighboring countries. On land areas, Indonesia borders with 3 (three) countries, i.e Malaysia, Papua Nugini and Timor Leste, while on sea areas, border with 10 (ten) countries, i.e India, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, Palau, Papua Nugini, Australia and Timor Leste. The area of this border has strategic value, in both aspects of defense and security; the border region is the territorial limits ofthe Republic of Indonesia are very influential on national‘s defense and security.
The examination ofthe structure and microhardness of surface layer of C120 U carbon tool steel after arc treatment are presented in the paper. They are compared with the properties obtained after conventional hardening. The GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding) method was used. The remelted zone consists of dendritic cells and columnar crystals. Inside the columnar crystals dependent to current arc plasma intensity the martensite or lower bainite was observed. The cooling rate ofthe remelted zone is similar to the cooling rate obtained in the classical heat treatment. The maximum hardness 650 HV0,1 was measured in material after treatment with a smaller current intensity of arc plasma – 60A. Increases ofthe current intensity of arc plasma from 60 A to 110 A (for fixed speed rate of source) lead to increases the depth ofthe remelted zone from 1,2 to 3,1 mm. Thickness ofthe heat affected zone in the all specimens was similar (1,9 to 2,1 mm).
multiple synchronous and/or metachronous cancers ofthe oesophagus, lungs, and head and neck region (i.e. oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx). 90% ofthe tumours in head and neck are squamous cell carcinomas, and at least 75% of them are attributable to the combination of tobacco and alcohol consumption. The odds ratio of OSCC may be as high as 50.1 for those who are both heavy smokers and heavy drinkers in comparison to people who neither drink nor smoke. 13 It has been estimated
Table 2 gives the results of mechanical tests carried out on the low-alloy cast steel with additions of vanadium and compares them with the results of previous studies made on this cast steel (designated as P1 in Tables 1 and 2) subjected to heat treatment recommended by the respective standard .
In the work we assume that the first stage of solidification is the same for both modified and unmodified alloys. Thus, the same dendritic nucleation density is used in both cases. However, we should keep in mind that modifier may affect the dendritic structure formation. In the second stage ofthe solidification, the nucleation process unfolds in slightly different way, depending on the eutectic transformation mode. In such case nucleation phenomena depends on different densities and different algorithms, as explained in Part I. The authors ofthe series of papers [3, 6, 7] investigated solidification of modified and unmodified hypoeutectic alloys, and indicated that the difference in nucleation densities for eutectic structure must exists. In  McDonald et al. claim that the difference in nucleation density and the size of eutectic grains is “drastic”. It should be noted, that due to the fact that eutectic transformation modes are relatively new area of research, only limited experimental data is available. Keeping this in mind, in our approach we assumed that in the case of modified alloys the nucleation density for eutectic structure is the same as for the dendritic structure. In turn, for the second
represent respectively the primary and secondary voltage calculated using the smoothed characteristic B(H). The measured values which are represented by the data plotted in crosses are close to the smoothed values. The formula (25) gives to the iron resistance a constant value. The active power must vary linearly according to the square ofthe applied voltage. However, the curve in Fig.10 shows a takeoff of this power compared to the line which form the experimental points. This result comes from the diminution ofthe core resistivity under the magnetic induction effect.