Current health surveillance of workers in the construction sector and plastic industry gives very limited insight into the health risks associated with exposure to EDs , although the need for the introduction of biomarkers of exposure in health risk assessments has already been recognized . It is considered that the introduction of specific biomarkers of occupational exposure to ED should be included in occupationalhealth surveillance, similar to the collection of anamnestic data on fertility problems, miscarriages and early menopause. Therefore, besides measuring EDs or their metabolites in biological samples, the inclusion of estradiol and testosterone levels which are possible to measure simultaneously with blood screening would already give insight in possible hormonal disturbances without significant increase in biomonitoring costs.
Objective: To know the scientific literature about the nursing worker’s health. Method: Bibliography review of literature published from 2005 to 2010. It was used the databases LILACS and SCIELO and BDENF, with intersection between the descriptors nursing and worker’s health, 20 studies were selected. Results: Most publications on nursing worker’s health discuss biosecurity, exposure to biohazards, occupational stress and its prevention and control measures. There are still few published studies about this issue in primary care or family health strategy, with most studies conducted in hospitals, mainly in university hospitals. Conclusion: The research on occupationalhealth of nursing is important because it can contribute significantly to the improved quality of life of nursing staff. Descriptors: Nursing, Occupationalhealth, Occupational risks.
Objective: To describe how the nursing staff conceptualize emergency worker safety and how to prevent accidents at work. Method: This is an exploratory and descriptive qualitative approach, carried out with 15 members of the nursing staff of an emergency in Petrolina, in the period from March 2 to April 30, 2010. The study was approved by the CEP IMIP, under No. 1692. Data were subjected to the technique of content analysis of Bardin. Results: There were 02 categories of analysis: Worker Safety in the workplace, and prevention of occupational accidents. Conclusion: It was found that it is important to educate professionals about the occupational hazards and proper use of PPE to prevent injuries to workers' health. Descriptors: Occupationalhealth, Emergency nursing, Prevention, Accidents.
Like most ASEAN countries, Brunei faces an epidemic of non-communicable diseases. To deal with the complexity of NCDs prevention, all perspectives - be it social, familial or occupational need to be considered. In Brunei Darussalam, occupationalhealth services (OHS) offered by its Ministry of Health, among others, provide screening and management of NCDs at various points of service. The OHS does not only issue fitness to work certificates, but is a significant partner in co-managing patients’ health conditions, with the advantage of further management at the workplace. Holistic approach of NCD management in the occupational setting is strengthened with both employer and employee education and participation, targeting several approaches including risk management and advocating healthy lifestyles as part of a healthy workplace programme.
In Brazil, approximately 720,000 occupational accidents occur each year, of which 2,800 are fatal (Brasil, 2015), and entail a cost of approximately 2% of GDP (Tacitano et al., 2014). These acidentes lead to critical interruptions of the operations of companies and affect their operations management (Fan et al., 2014) by decreasing the productivity and quality of operations (Abad et al., 2013), damaging public image and internal climate (Fernández-Muñiz et al., 2009), and increasing the high social and economic charges on victims, employers, and State (Shalini, 2009). Studies on OccupationalHealth and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS) have proposed methods for increasing organizational efficiency together with the confrontation of this reality of many work acidentes to improve the operations of companies and their interaction with the society (Whysall et al., 2006).
1. Park K. Occupationalhealth. In: Park K, editor. Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 20 th ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, 2009;708-717. 2. Palmer KT, Poole J, Rawbone RG, Coggon D. Quantifying the advantages and disadvantages of pre- placement genetic screening. Occup Environ Med 2004; 61(5): 448-453.
Objectives: To investigate the sources of stress in the lives of health professionals and analyze the elements that influence the conduct of work. Method: An exploratory study, quantitative approach uses specifications of variables determining the level of stress. Built a simple statistical model of frequency, based on the method of OLS. Participants were thirty workers aged between 25 and 70 years in a health institution, located in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro - RJ. The study was submitted to research ethics committee of the Municipal Health Department, approved under paragraph 104-08. Results: The work history was the source that best predicted relative risk, identifying 52.5% of undesirable factors related to stress and health professionals perceive the presence of conditioning agents to stress in their lifestyle. Conclusion: Evidently, the need for continuing education in the prevention of work stress. Descriptors: Burnout, Professional, Occupationalhealth, Occupational risks, Behavior, Working conditions.
Objective: To know the vaccination status for hepatitis B nursing staff who was involved in accidents with biological material. Method: This is an exploratory descriptive research with quantitative approach carried out in 259 sheets workers treated at the referral center for health professionals biological accident victims in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. Results: We identified 173 (66.8%) professionals with hepatitis B immunization schedule to complete. Being 27.0% nursing auxiliaries, nursing technicians, 61.4% and 11.6% nurses. Conclusion: It is evident the importance of implementation and project development of continuing education in all health institutions in order to educate nursing professionals regarding their own health on the unsanitary conditions of the routine nature of their functions and their potential risk of becoming infected with Hepatitis B. Descriptors: Hepatitis B, Nursing, Immunization coverage, Immunization, Occupationalhealth .
This essay aims at reflecting on the theoretical-methodological contributions that enabled the production of a “tool box” for supporting research and interventions articulated with workers’ training strategies. We started by highlighting the influence of the social capital built in Brazil by the popular education and workers’ health movements, which advocate a critical cooperation between intellectuals and workers, aspiring to transform life and work situations. In this direction, it was fundamental to incorporate the concepts and practices of “the point of view of the activity” and of the Expanded Research and Intervention Community (CAPI – Comunidade Ampliada de Pesquisa e Intervenção) to develop training practices that lead to health promotion through work situations. Such approach recognizes that the workers themselves, by exchanging experiences with the researchers, and through the development of their investigative capacity, can produce means of analysis and of work transformation. It demonstrates the value of a common patrimony of concepts and, particularly, of an ethical and epistemological perspective according to which the understanding ↔ transformation of work situations and health promotion are only possible through the synergy between the disciplines knowledge and the cognizance invested in the activity.
This study indicated that EIAs should be prepared by a multidisciplinary team comprising qualified professionals with specific training in health. Accordingly, we verified that in REPLAN and COM- PERJ EIAs, health issues and impacts had not been identified by professionals with specific technical qualifications, resulting in scarcity of information on occupationalhealth. In this context, this scarcity reflects a gap between environmental licensing and health sectors, resulting from the lack of health professionals working in environmental agencies responsible for the elaboration of the Terms of Reference that guided the preparation of EIAs or even working in consulting firms designated for this purpose.
This retrospective and descriptive study with a quantitative design aimed to evaluate occupational accidents with exposure to biological material, as well as the profile of workers, based on reporting forms sent to the Regional Reference Center of OccupationalHealth in Florianópolis/SC. Data collection was carried out through a survey of 118 reporting forms in 2007. Data were analyzed electronically. The occurrence of accidents was predominantly among nursing technicians, women and the mean age was 34.5 years. 73% of accidents involved percutaneous exposure, 78% had blood and fluid with blood, 44.91% resulted from invasive procedures. It was concluded that strategies to prevent the occurrence of accidents with biological material should include joint activities between workers and service management and should be directed at improving work conditions and organization.
Investigación transversal realizada con el objetivo de deinir los papeles y funciones de los enfermeros de salud laboral (ESLs) en Brasil y compararles con los de los Estados Unidos de América (EUA). La muestra fue compuesta por ciento cincuenta y cuatro enfermeros de salud laboral brasileños. Primero, fue realizada la traducción de lo instrumento Job Analysis Survey of OccupationalHealth Nursing Practice para el Portugués, seguido de la recolecta y análisis de los datos, comparándolos con los hallazgos de un estudio conducido en los EUA. Se encontró que la mayoría eran mujeres, blancas, entre 41 y 50 años e trabajan en hospitales y centros médicos como enfermeros clínicos y administradores. También se encontró que ESLs brasileños dedican más tiempo en funciones administrativas, seguidas de responsabilidades de consultoría y educador, mientras en los EUA los ESLs dedican signiicativamente más tiempo en funciones educativas y de asesoría.
Cross-sectional exploratory research developed to outline the roles and functions of occupationalhealth nurses (OHNs) in Brazil and compare them with those in the United States. The sample consisted of 154 Brazilian occupationalhealth nurses. First, the instrument Job Analysis Survey of OccupationalHealth Nursing Practice was translated into Portuguese, followed by data collection and data analysis, comparing the results of the proposed study in Brazil with the indings of a job delineation study conducted in the United States. It was found that most were women, white, between 41 and 50 years of age and working primarily at hospitals or medical centers as clinicians and managers/administrators. Besides, it was found that most Brazilian OHNs spend more time in managerial roles, followed by consultant and educator responsibilities while, in the United States, OHNs spend signiicantly more time in education/advisory roles.
The triad professionalism, internationalization and sustainability proposed by SciELO and Fapesp as a policy for improving quality and increasing visibility of the Brazilian scientific communication, has posed enormous challenges for Brazilian journals. RBSO intends to face these challenges, in spite of being aware of its limitations, particularly with regard to meeting some of the requirements, such as the minimum number of articles published per year 2 . However, it also knows that the OccupationalHealth field particularities and
Objective: Identify scientific production national and international about occupational risks of nursing team that act in the hospital. Method: Study type integrative literature review. The bibliographic survey occurred by Virtual Health Library, in database BIREME, Lilacs, Scielo, Cochrane Library and Medline. The descriptors used were “nursing team” or “nursing” and “occupational risks” or “occupational risks” and “work accident”. Results: 204 articles were identified and the end sample was composed by 30 scientific articles developed by nursing or with your participation, published in national or international territory. Conclusion: From the search of the produced was revealed the need to implement moments of continuing education, focusing reflexives practices, because the field of occupationalhealth, sometimes centers on punctual training, when the worker receive instructions on how to proceed/behave. Descriptors: Nursing, Occupationalhealth, Occupational risk.
The Latin American Journal of Nursing has been publishing papers on occupationalhealth and the different types of problems that can affect professionals in nursing and other areas. In this issues, some studies are published on moral suffering in daily nursing work, occupationalhealth intervention in hospital nursing workers, occupational accidents among pre-hospital care workers and vaccination among Primary Health Care professionals.
Abstract: The study is an integrative review of scientific articles published in Brazil about OccupationalHealth Psychology between 2001 and 2012 in two journals in the field of Organizational Psychology of Work available in Pepsic database: Cadernos de Psicologia Social e do Trabalho and Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho. Of the 289 published articles, 91(31%) met the inclusion criterion, namely, that one of the variables in the study is situated within the thematic of occupationalhealth. The following categories were used to analyze the articles: year of publication; context; type of study; type of worker; zone of study; region; type of sample, and intervention. It was identified a predominance of articles from a qualitative approach (53%), with operational workers (80%) and with no indication for interventions. Most of the articles are publications from the Southeast of Brazil (37,0%), within the years of 2007 (17%) and 2012 (18%). We point out the need for more studies in the field of occupationalhealth, especially those focusing on quantitative and epidemiological research with representative samples, as well as the inclusion of practical implications.