Top PDF Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the quality of work life of the physical therapy course teachers in the city of Goiânia in the state of Goiás. It involved a cross-sectional study of 65 physical therapy teachers in Goiânia. The partic- ipants who had worked for less than six months in the profession and those who failed to fill out the questionnaire in full were excluded from the research. A socio-demographic and the Total Quality of Work Life (TQWL-42) questionnaire were used to assess the quality of work life. It was established that the teachers who taught in grad- uate courses and who held management positions presented significantly better averages than those who only taught in undergraduate courses. Sat- isfaction with income and with the teaching ac- tivity also showed significant results influencing the quality of work life of the participants. Work in positions and locations that allow greater au- tonomy, status and remuneration, as well as sub- jective evaluation of satisfaction with income and teaching work, influenced the quality of work life of physical therapy teachers.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the accreditation criteria of the studies that eval- uated actions of health promotion and risk factor prevention of Health Promoting Schools (HPS). A systematic review was conducted based on the recommendations proposed in the “Preferred Re- porting Items for Systematic Reviews and Me- ta-Analyses (Prisma)” protocol of articles that assessed HPS in the following databases: SciELO, Lilacs, Medline, PubMed and Portal Capes. From the analysis of the three pillars for accreditation of HPS, three of the studies analyzed did not in- clude all the criteria for certification as HPS on the “Planning Process” and “Health Promotion Activities Developed” pillars. The schools cited in these studies perform health education, preven- tion and/or health promotion activities, howev- er, it is misleading to refer to themselves as HPS. The main challenges for implementation, devel- opment and continuity of HPS were identified as being intersectionality and insufficient financial and qualified human resources. HPS need to be certified and submitted to an ongoing evaluation process. It is also suggested the topic of health pro- motion be included in the syllabuses of training courses of health education teachers and other health education professionals.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the digital preference for the "age" variable in the database of cases of adverse drug events reported between 2008 and 2013 in the pharmacovigilance system in Brazil. The database was analyzed in three stages: 1) Initial exploration; 2) standard- ization of variables; and 3) duplicate records management. The digital preference for the "age" variable according to sex and grouped regions of the country, was determined using the Whipple and Myers methods and also measured by the adhesion test based on statistical χ 2 at 5% signif-
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the Brazilian School Nutrition Program from the standpoint of students attending state schools in Minas Gerais. It is a qualitative and quantitative cross-sectional study with a sample of 1500 stu- dents, representing the population of the state schools of Minas Gerais, involving the adminis- tration of a semi-structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using simple frequency, mean, standard deviation, Fisher’s exact test, the chi- square test and logistic regression (p < 0.05, CI 95%). The effective acceptance of the program was 28.8% and the effective adhesion to the program was 45.1%. Program acceptance was significantly higher among males and students who consumed less extra-institutional food. Acceptance and ad- hesion to the program was significantly higher among the older students and those who reported participating in activities related to nutritional education. In total, 73.5% of the students suggest- ed improvements in school food. Many of the pro- gram’s norms and guidelines are not being imple- mented. The acceptance of school food was nega- tively influenced by the consumption of extra-in- stitutional foods and positively influenced by food and nutritional education activities.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

the evolution of the profile of psychiatric admis- sions via the Unified Health System in psychiat- ric hospitals of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 2001 and 2013. Data were obtained from the Information Technology Department of the Unified Health System. The analyses of trends were conducted by regression procedures, in which the independent variable was the year, and the dependent variables were the patients (sex, age, diagnosis) and admission characteris- tics (city, hospital administrative status, length of internment). A total of 202,188 admissions to 25 hospitals were appraised. There were significant changes in the diagnostic profiles of psychiatric admissions during the period under scrutiny, no- tably an increase in the proportion of admissions for substance abuse-related disorders and a reduc- tion for psychotic disorders. This study is in tune with the context of the reform of mental health- care in Minas Gerais, providing relevant input to support the mental health policies towards uni- versalization, humanization and the overcoming of inequalities in access to health services.
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

The 170 selected papers were classified into 8 categories created from the object of study of the papers, which becomes the criterion of inclu- sion and exclusion in the categories: Alcohol and Drugs: papers whose objects are blood alcohol levels and TA-related psychoactive alterations; Attention and Care: characteristics and strategies of care for traffic victims; Behavior: behaviors and risk behavior conducts and patterns in traf- fic; Gender: discourses and patterns of conduct by gender in traffic relationships; Costs: hospital expenses and loss of productivity of the injured in traffic; Work Accidents: impact of traffic vio- lence on the achievement of work and health of workers; Promotion and Prevention: public pol- icies to fight against traffic violence; and Mor- bimortality: epidemiological profile of fatal and non-fatal victims.
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Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

aimed to evaluate glycemic control, weight status and quality of life over 12 months of adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Thus, a flexible plan of meals and the relationship between insulin and carbo- hydrate was used concomitantly. Nine months after using a flexible meal and insulin schedule, researchers noted that there was a decrease in mean BMI (Body Mass Index) of 0.15 ± 0.20; P < 0.001 and an increase in hemoglobin A1c (0.7 ± 0.83%, P = 0.001). Adolescents who participated in the study reported that there was no change in the impact or concern about diabetes. However, the mean life satisfaction scores increased (5.5 ± 9.5; p = 0.008). Authors suggest further investi- gations with such approaches, since studies with this public are scarce.
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Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

Abstract This study aimed to analyze the sci-

A primeira busca foi realizada na BVS com o descritor Diabetes Mellitus, que retornou com 302.349 artigos. A segunda busca foi realizada cruzando-se os descritores em inglês, utilizando a operação booleana na busca avançada, Quality of Life AND Diabetes Mellitus AND Adolescent, de que retornaram 983 artigos. Na terceira busca, utilizaram-se os filtros com a finalidade de obe- decer aos critérios de inclusão: texto completo; base de dados: medline, lilacs, ibecs, bdenf; as- sunto principal: diabetes mellitus tipo1, quali- dade de vida; limite: adolescente; idiomas: inglês, espanhol e português; anos de publicação: de 2003 a 2013; tipo de documento: artigo, vindo então a retornar com 294 artigos.
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

Also, it should be considered that the site hosting the reports is linked to the dissemination of information about pharmacological abortion, a factor that certainly affects the recurrent de- scription of the use of the remedy as an abortive method. The vast number of stories about the ac- quisition and use of the drug, which is legally un- available in Brazil for abortion, therefore reveals a series of problems related to the clandestine market, including the use of drugs that, if not falsified, at least did not work. Without relying on the formal guidance of health professionals, women report in their accounts the use of vary- ing doses and administration routes. Some paths involve repeated uses of medicines purchased from different suppliers, in routes that are true epics:
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the main characteristics of Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) mortality in Brazil for the period 1996-2015, focusing on the 10-29 years’ age group. This is a two-step study consisting of (i) a bibliographic re- view on the topic of traffic violence in Brazil, and (ii) a study on RTA mortality in the Mortality Information System (SIM). The former situates the state of the art of scientific production on the theme and produces the theoretical reference for the analysis of the latter. During the period, about 39,000 people died by RTA, of which about 13,200 adolescents and young people died. The coun- try should curb mortality to somewhere around 19,500/year and, among adolescents and young people, to 6,500/year to achieve SDG 3.6. With the establishment of the Brazilian Traffic Code (CTB), RTA mortality rate fell between 1997 and 2000. The rate increased in the subsequent decade. The focus on adolescents and young peo- ple help us understand that, in the post-CTB and Prohibition, male black and brown motorcyclists became the main victims. The literature provides data analysis and shows that reduction is cur- rently submitted to an articulated discussion that involves worker’s health, gender, employment, ur- ban mobility and advertising policies. Concerning SDG, this means that achieving SDG 3.6 is a pro- cess that involves interacting with policies target- ing other SDGs.
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the narra-

tives about abortion experiences available in an online community to discuss the methods and strategies to which women resort, facing the legal impossibility of voluntarily interrupting a pre- gnancy and the effects of the criminalization of induced abortion. The methodology used was vir- tual ethnography, observing the platform Women on Web, collection and analysis of 18 narratives publicly available without restrictions, selected between November 2016 and January 2017. The narratives report mixed methods to perform an abortion, with widespread use of Cytotec. Some cases include hospitals and medical clinics in the paths, whether to conduct examinations or attend to intercurrences. The internet appears as a po- pular tool to gather information, negotiate and even purchase abortive drugs, as well as a plat- form to share experiences. We concluded that the narratives point to insecurities, risks, and violence to which women are submitted in clandestine set- ting; they show the relevance of debate on decri- minalizing abortion in Brazil, and also reinforce the existence of a shared abortion culture, as stated in other studies.
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Abstract This study aims to analyze the impact

Abstract This study aims to analyze the impact

it is probable that the high prevalence of frail individuals (28.8%) has an association with the high indices observed for high blood pressure, CCI and DM. The literature emphasizes that in- flammatory diseases such as high blood pressure, CRI, cardiovascular diseases and DM are asso- ciated with the development of the frailty syn- drome in the elderly person, by the mechanism of activation of the proinflammatory pathways in the organism over the long term. Release of the biomarkers Interleukin- 6 (IL-6) and C-reactive Protein (CRP) in the organism influences met- abolic and homeostatic dysregulation, causing a predisposition to frailty 28 .
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Em relação à participação das doenças diarrei- cas no conjunto geral das doenças do estado de Pernambuco, e em todos os espaços geográficos, ocorreu, em termos relativos, uma elevação mui- to expressiva nos percentuais de hospitalização por todas as causas entre os anos de 1997 e 2006. Com exceção do meio rural, onde as diarreias apresentaram um aumento de 4,1% para 5,9%, representando assim, uma elevação de 44%, nos outros espaços geográficos. As taxas de hospi- talização por diarreia duplicaram ou quase tri- plicaram. Evidencia-se na ilustração gráfica, a elevação rapidamente crescente das diarreias em comparação com os registros de internações de crianças por todas as causas (Gráfico 1).
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Abstract This article aims to investigate the

Abstract This article aims to investigate the

An important question to consider is the dif- ficulty professionals have in recognizing an ad- verse event related to medications (ADR). This may, for example, result in the so-called “ther- apeutic cascade”, in the case of adverse reaction or unidentified drug interaction, or in the ag- gravation of a situation, generating morbidity. A Canadian study was conducted with the purpose of verifying whether the doctors that attended in hospital emergencies routinely identified con- firmed cases of ADR . The proportion of non identified ADR was 22%; 53.6% of the cases that were not attributed to ADR were classified by the prescriptors as being “uncertain”. The hypotheses raised as regards this result were: variation in the definition of the concept of ADR, need of time for attendance and information available about the patient, multifactorial cases 36 .
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Abstract This article is an objective examination

Abstract This article is an objective examination

Insertion of LGBT into the political agenda begins in the 1990s, through actions focused on prevention of HIV and Aids, and inclusion of the category ‘homosexual’ in Brazil’s First National Plan for Human Rights (1996). The 2000s decade was the high point of this process of recognition, with the following events as landmarks: creation of the Brazil Without Homophobia program (2004); the First LGBT Conference (2008); adop- tion of regulations for combat of discrimination and to guarantee the civil use of a ‘social name’ by trans people; and recognition by the Federal Su- preme Court, in 2011, of a stable homo-affective union as a family entity 48,49 . In the field of public
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Abstract This article is an objective examination

Abstract This article is an objective examination

of aspects of gender and sexual rights, and their implications in the field of health field, using the methodology of an essay. The first part discuss- es femicide, highlighting that there are deaths of women due to the fact of being women, which constitute what could be described as the crimes of lèse-humanité or ‘femi-genocide’. The second part discusses sexual and gender diversity, with an em- phasis on the fragility of the ‘right to have rights’ expressed in the deterioration in health conditions of the population that is LGBTI (Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transvestites, Transsexuals and Inter- sex). Finally, the essay discusses recognition of gender plurality, and the limitations imposed on the rights of non-usual normativebodies bodies; criticism is directed at reiteration of the binary and cisgender normative ethos, which can exacer- bate the health vulnerability of people with trans and other non-normative bodies and identities. It is concluded that, in the 30 years’ existence of Brazil’s Unified Health System (SUS), there have been advances in the political sphere, many of them created by or as a result of social movements, and initiatives that seek to confront femicide and the inadequate assistance available to LGBTI peo- ple. In the context of these challenges, it is reiter- ated that there is a necessary relationship between promotion of health and protection of human rights related to gender and sexuality.
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ABSTRACT The aim of this article is to show that art has philosophical

ABSTRACT The aim of this article is to show that art has philosophical

Por ser ante todo experiencia comprensiva del sentido más que experiencia sensitivo/subjetiva del gusto, pura experiencia estética, el arte pertenece esencialmente a la hermenéutica: “La[r]

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J. Phys. Educ.  vol.27

J. Phys. Educ. vol.27

The “Segundo Tempo” Program (PST) is the largest social program aimed at the youth participation in sport currently in Brazil. However, we still know little about the scope of its objectives, particularly in relation to the macro-system. The aim of this study is to analyze the scope of the PST in relation to the democratization of access to sport practice and culture. This is an exploratory study in PST context. Secondary data from public access and official agencies managed was used. It was taken as macro-indicator the Human Development Index of Municipalities (HDIM), number of agreements and the estimated population of municipalities that have maintained agreements with the Ministry of Sports for the PST from 2003 to 2013. We conclude that the municipalities with the best social indicators and structure for sport practice have more access to the PST, and can keep it longer.
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Abstract This paper aims to analyze the process

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the process

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the process of medicalization in current societies, starting from the description of the way in which medi- cine gradually appropriated various aspects of everyday life that were once part of the life cycle of people. At the theoretical level, we are based on authors such as Descola and Latour, who prob- lematize the dichotomy between Nature and Cul- ture, and propose the need to think from a supe- rior episteme. Methodologically, this theoretical proposal enables an analysis of the medicalization that can illuminate what is hidden in the dis- course and biomedical practices: the sociocultural, political and economic processes that are part of these “objects” of Medicine. From this perspective, the presentation of them as scientific facts, objec- tively isolatable and manipulable by medical sci- ence, is in crisis. Thus, our analysis, based on the concept of “quasi-objects” or “hybrids”, problema- tizes such objectification, while providing critical tools to reflect on the medicalization of life in to- day’s societies.
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Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

Abstract The scope of this paper was to assess the

in the case of Pernambuco, what is pointed out here is the great reduction in the occurrence of this problem of the MRR (62%), together with a much lower reduction in the urban interior and a discreet increase in the rural area. Thus, there were three distinct movements within the geographical area of the State, representing a curious form of epidemiological kinetics. This already implies a wider question: does this in- volve a particular process relating to the case of Pernambuco, or is this a phenomenon that is being replicated in other states or regions of the country, involving a triangle of metropolitan re- gions, non-metropolitan urban spaces and rural populations? This is an issue that should be duly considered.
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