Top PDF Abstract The scope of this study was to charac-

Abstract The scope of this study was to charac-

Abstract The scope of this study was to charac-

Abstract The scope of this study was to charac- terize malocclusion in 12-year-old Brazilian chil- dren and identify associated socio-demographic aspects. It is a cross-sectional and analytical study based on an Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010). A sample of 5,539 was included, among which 41% had some degree of malocclusion according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Descrip- tive, bivariate and multiple multinomial logis- tic regression analyses were conducted. Defined malocclusion was greater among those who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatis- fied (OR 1.24; CI95%1.03-1.50) and dissatisfied (OR 1.76; CI95%1.50-2.08). Severe malocclusion was greater among children in the Southeast (OR 1.44; CI95%1.06-1.96) and South (OR 1.52; CI95%1.05-2.19), male (OR 1.24; CI95%1.03- 1.48), black/brown (OR 1.39; CI95%1.14-1.69) who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatisfied (OR 1.79; CI95%1.41-2.26) and dis- satisfied (OR 2.20; CI95%1.77-2.72). Very severe malocclusion was higher among residents of cap- itals (OR 1.36; CI95%1.07-1.71) who evaluated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatis- fied (OR 1.58; CI95%1.22-2.05) and dissatisfied (OR 2.44; CI95%1.96-3.03). The prevalence of malocclusion is high among Brazilian children, the severity being associated with socio-demo- graphic aspects.
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Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

Abstract This study was aimed to compare the

11. Mari JJ, Williams P. A validity study of a psychiatric screening questionnaire (SRQ-20) in primary care in the city of São Paulo. Bras J Psychiatry 1986; 148:23-26. 12. Pereira RA, Santos EB, Fhon JRS, Marques S, Rodrigues RA. Sobrecarga dos cuidadores de idosos com acidente vascular cerebral. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47(1):185-192. Disponível em: 13. Loureiro LSN, Fernandes MGM, Marques S, Nóbrega MML, Rodrigues RAP. Sobrecarga de cuidadores fami- liares de idosos: prevalência e associação com carac- terísticas do idoso e do cuidador. Rev Esc Enferm USP [Online]. 2013 [acessado 2014 Nov 05]; 47 (5):1133- 1140. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/reeusp/ v47n5/pt_0080-6234-reeusp-47-05-1129.pdf
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Abstract This article analyses the main charac-

Abstract This article analyses the main charac-

Abstract This article analyses the main charac- teristics of federalism in Brazil and its institution- al relations with health policy. It discusses feder- alism from a classical perspective highlighting the essentially centralized nature of Brazil’s system and the prevalence of decentralizing health pol- icies underpinned by the principles enshrined by the 1988 Constitution.We used primary data obtained from an electronic questionnaire re- sponded by secretaries of health sitting on the governing bodies of the country’s health region and secondary data Ministry of Health databases covering the current health regions. The findings show that significant progress has been made in the implementation of regional governing bodies, yet without any significant impact on the reduc- tion of deep regional inequalities in primary and hospital care. It concludes by suggesting that the persistence of inequalities is down to weak cen- tral coordination capacity and an inappropriate trade-off between a centralized federal system and competition between entities, thus undermining cooperative regionalization of the public health system as envisaged by the 1988 Constitution. Key words Federalism, Regional inequalities, Unified Health System
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Abstract This article analyses the main charac-

Abstract This article analyses the main charac-

Abstract This article analyses the main charac- teristics of federalism in Brazil and its institution- al relations with health policy. It discusses feder- alism from a classical perspective highlighting the essentially centralized nature of Brazil’s system and the prevalence of decentralizing health pol- icies underpinned by the principles enshrined by the 1988 Constitution.We used primary data obtained from an electronic questionnaire re- sponded by secretaries of health sitting on the governing bodies of the country’s health region and secondary data Ministry of Health databases covering the current health regions. The findings show that significant progress has been made in the implementation of regional governing bodies, yet without any significant impact on the reduc- tion of deep regional inequalities in primary and hospital care. It concludes by suggesting that the persistence of inequalities is down to weak cen- tral coordination capacity and an inappropriate trade-off between a centralized federal system and competition between entities, thus undermining cooperative regionalization of the public health system as envisaged by the 1988 Constitution. Key words Federalism, Regional inequalities, Unified Health System
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of being underweight among the elder- ly according to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health-related behaviors, diseas- es and health status. This was a cross-sectional multi-center study with 3,478 community-dwell- ing elders (≥ 65 years). The dependent variable was the prevalence of being underweight, classified by Body Mass Index < 22kg/m2. Adjusted preva- lence rate ratios were estimated using multivari- able Poisson regression. The mean age was 72.9 years and 12.0% of the elderly were underweight (CI95%:10.9-13.1). Aged elderly ≥ 80 years, for- mer and current smokers, those who reported ap- petite loss and those classified as pre-frail or frail (PR=1.41; CI95%:1.09-1.82) presented a higher prevalence of being underweight. Individuals who received medical diagnosis of hypertension, diabe- tes and rheumatism had the lowest underweight prevalence observed. The results highlight the importance of nutritional status assessment and monitoring among the elderly, with emphasis on the most vulnerable subgroups, particularly the frail elderly, taking into account the health conse- quences of low weight.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Del total de participantes, el 93.3% proviene de instituciones públicas de educación media y el resto de instituciones privadas. El promedio en el último periodo cursado fue de 8.26, con una desviación estándar de .72. Casi la mitad de ellos (50.5%) son originarios de la capital del estado de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, mientras que el res- to provienen de otras ciudades y localidades de la entidad o bien de estados vecinos del sur de México como Oaxaca, Veracruz, Tabasco y Puebla. El recuento de casos con presencia o no de ideación suicida, sintomatología depresiva, nivel de impulsividad y autoestima, indica que poco más de la mitad de los aspirantes, 2,437 (51.2%), presentaron al menos una de las cuatro problemá- ticas evaluadas. En particular, 369 casos (7.3%) mostraron evidencia de presencia de ideación sui- cida, 633 (13.3%) sintomatología depresiva eleva- da, 2,020 (42.4%) baja autoestima y 262 (5.5%) alta impulsividad. Es evidente que la problemática con mayor prevalencia es la baja autoestima.
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the

consisting of four items (three from the Roberts’ scale and one from the CES-D - I could not get “going”) regarding thoughts about death and taking one’s own life over the previous seven days and also using a four-point scale with the follow- ing options: 0 = 0, 1-2 days = 1, 3-4 days = 2, and 5-7 days = 3. Overall score therefore rang- es between 0 and 12. The scale has been shown to have satisfactory internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha (>.80) and good construct va- lidity 28,35 .

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Abstract The aim of this study was to compare

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare

In the area of Social Relations, no statistical difference was observed for either sex and the values of the scores were all above 60.9, although they were lower for the nursing home residents. Considering that this domain brings together in- terpersonal relationships and social support, it can be understood that the social losses to which the elderly are exposed, that is, everyday roles (professional, political, or family), are recom- pensed with the new activities at the Day Center and even in the Institution, not representing im- pairment in the QOL of the elderly, in the same way as the findings in the studies in 3 LSIEs in the interior of São Paulo 21 , in Caxias do Sul/RS 22 , and
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Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Abstract The objective of this study was to analy-

Esses métodos são robustos às populações não estáveis. Contudo, quando as populações são abertas à migração, alguns cuidados devem ser tomados. Os fatores de correção, derivados dos graus de cobertura utilizados neste trabalho, seguem a recomendação para minimizar o efei- to da migração, que consiste em adotar a média das estimativas geradas pelos métodos anteriores, bem como desconsiderar as idades mais afetadas pela migração 16 .

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Abstract The scope of this study was to investi-

Abstract The scope of this study was to investi-

Abstract The scope of this study was to investi- gate the factorial structure of the questionnaire for the inclusion of vegetable oil in natura in the diet of children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 220 mothers using the Likert Scale question- naire. Thirteen Child Nutrition experts/judges semantically evaluated the items and the Gen- eralizability Coefficient (GC) assessed the errors according to a one-off, two-facet random model (item/judge). The Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) indicated dimensionality of the tools ap- plied: Doornik-Hansen Test; Main Factor Anal- ysis; Kaiser Guttman criterion; Promax rotation; Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test (KMO); convergent and discriminant validities, Cronbach’s Alpha; Com- posite Reliability. The GC = 0.8407 was consid- ered satisfactory. The Doornik-Hansen test (chi2 (28) = 198.053, prob>chi2 = 0.0000) confirmed the multivariate normality of data. The Kaiser Guttman criterion explained 76.32% of the latent construct. The correlation between factors 1 and 2 (-0.4042) suggests the two-dimensional nature of the instrument. The KMO (0.8440) indicated the adequacy of the data to perform EFA. Cronbach’s alpha showed values around 0.70, considered acceptable. The two-dimensionality of the ques- tionnaire was verified to assess the inclusion of in natura vegetable oils in the diet of children. Key words Child, Oil, Questionnaire, Factor analysis
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the digital preference for the "age" variable in the database of cases of adverse drug events reported between 2008 and 2013 in the pharmacovigilance system in Brazil. The database was analyzed in three stages: 1) Initial exploration; 2) standard- ization of variables; and 3) duplicate records management. The digital preference for the "age" variable according to sex and grouped regions of the country, was determined using the Whipple and Myers methods and also measured by the adhesion test based on statistical χ 2 at 5% signif-
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Abstract The scope of this article is to assess low

Abstract The scope of this article is to assess low

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a pre- valência e os fatores associados à dor lombar nos últimos 12 meses entre adolescentes de um mu- nicípio do sul do estado do Piauí, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 1112 adolescentes de 13-19 anos do município de Caracol. Investigaram-se ca- racterísticas demográficas, socioeconômicas, nu- tricionais, comportamentais e comorbidades. O desfecho foi a ocorrência de dor lombar (DL) nos últimos 12 meses. Foi calculada a prevalência do desfecho de acordo com as variáveis independen- tes. Entre os adolescentes com DL no último ano, foi calculada a proporção de indivíduos com dor lombar crônica. Para análise dos fatores associa- dos, foi utilizada a regressão de Poisson bruta e ajustada para cálculo das razões de prevalência. A prevalência de dor lombar nos últimos 12 meses foi de 32,9%. De acordo com a análise ajustada, sexo feminino (RP = 1,75; IC95%:1,45-2,10), idade entre 18-19 anos (RP = 1,27; IC95%:1,01-1,62), maior renda (RP = 1,33; IC95%:1,06-1,67), estar trabalhando (RP 1,25 IC95%:1,02-1,53) e apre- sentar distúrbios psiquiátricos menores (RP 1,51 IC95%: 1,25-1,82) permaneceram associados à DL nos últimos 12 meses. Este estudo encontrou elevada prevalência de DL entre adolescentes de um município pequeno do semiárido nordestino. Palavras-chave Dor lombar, Dor Lombar Crôni- ca, Adolescência, Epidemiologia, Prevalência Abstract The scope of this article is to assess low
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Abstract The objective of this work was to pres-

Abstract The objective of this work was to pres-

In the ultra-processed food group, loaf bread obtained the smallest number of hits before the mini-course (11%) and was classified as pro- cessed by 78% of the participants. This result will be discussed later. The other foods, which are classic examples of products considered “un- healthy”, such as cream-filled cookies, powdered juice and soda, were correctly classified by most of the participants before and after the mini- course. A study published in 2016 showed that the vast majority of the participants, made up of the general population, were able to give an ex- planation about ultra-processed foods; they con- sidered such foods to generally contain additives and other artificial ingredients, have low nutri- tional quality and be unhealthy 28 .
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Abstract The objective of this work was to pres-

Abstract The objective of this work was to pres-

Abstract The objective of this work was to pres- ent the theory, propose the practice and evaluate the difficulties of the new food classification sys- tem that was presented in the second edition of the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Popu- lation. The questionnaire used included a list of 30 foods divided into four groups: in natura or minimally processed foods (I), culinary ingredi- ents (C), processed foods (P) and ultra-processed foods (U). The participants categorized the foods before and after a mini-course. The correct clas- sification score in the Global Assessment (C, I, U, P) was significantly higher after the mini-course (Median = 23) than before the mini-course (Me- dian = 13) (Wilcoxon Signal Test; z = -7.33; p = 0.000; Cliff ’s Delta = 0.96). The low percentage of correct answers before the mini-course justifies the wide dissemination of the theme and the need for more similar courses for students, professionals and the general population.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to assess the

Abstract The scope of this article is to assess the

Abstract The scope of this article is to assess the oral health conditions and self-perceived chewing ability among the elderly seniors (≥ 80 years). Data from the FIBRA multicentric study were used. The sample consisted of 2,341 individuals with no cognitive impairment, aged ≥ 65 years, be- tween 2008 and 2009, where the elderly were sub- jected to data collection. Regarding the outcome, age was dichotomized into 65-79 and 80 and over. The association between longevity and the socio- demographic and behavioral variables, general and oral health and self-perceived chewing ability was assessed by Poisson regression. Complete data are now available for 2,126 seniors. The mean age was 70.91 (SD =± 4.11) years among the young elderly and 82.70 (SD =± 2.61) among the elderly seniors. The sample of individuals aged ≥ 80 years was 11.7%. Low education, single marital status and lack of work were associated with longevity, as well as self-reporting of having no natural teeth and difficulty or pain when chewing hard foods. The results suggest an association between lon- gevity with sociodemographic characteristics and oral health.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the Brazilian School Nutrition Program from the standpoint of students attending state schools in Minas Gerais. It is a qualitative and quantitative cross-sectional study with a sample of 1500 stu- dents, representing the population of the state schools of Minas Gerais, involving the adminis- tration of a semi-structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using simple frequency, mean, standard deviation, Fisher’s exact test, the chi- square test and logistic regression (p < 0.05, CI 95%). The effective acceptance of the program was 28.8% and the effective adhesion to the program was 45.1%. Program acceptance was significantly higher among males and students who consumed less extra-institutional food. Acceptance and ad- hesion to the program was significantly higher among the older students and those who reported participating in activities related to nutritional education. In total, 73.5% of the students suggest- ed improvements in school food. Many of the pro- gram’s norms and guidelines are not being imple- mented. The acceptance of school food was nega- tively influenced by the consumption of extra-in- stitutional foods and positively influenced by food and nutritional education activities.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the quality of work life of the physical therapy course teachers in the city of Goiânia in the state of Goiás. It involved a cross-sectional study of 65 physical therapy teachers in Goiânia. The partic- ipants who had worked for less than six months in the profession and those who failed to fill out the questionnaire in full were excluded from the research. A socio-demographic and the Total Quality of Work Life (TQWL-42) questionnaire were used to assess the quality of work life. It was established that the teachers who taught in grad- uate courses and who held management positions presented significantly better averages than those who only taught in undergraduate courses. Sat- isfaction with income and with the teaching ac- tivity also showed significant results influencing the quality of work life of the participants. Work in positions and locations that allow greater au- tonomy, status and remuneration, as well as sub- jective evaluation of satisfaction with income and teaching work, influenced the quality of work life of physical therapy teachers.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

the evolution of the profile of psychiatric admis- sions via the Unified Health System in psychiat- ric hospitals of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 2001 and 2013. Data were obtained from the Information Technology Department of the Unified Health System. The analyses of trends were conducted by regression procedures, in which the independent variable was the year, and the dependent variables were the patients (sex, age, diagnosis) and admission characteris- tics (city, hospital administrative status, length of internment). A total of 202,188 admissions to 25 hospitals were appraised. There were significant changes in the diagnostic profiles of psychiatric admissions during the period under scrutiny, no- tably an increase in the proportion of admissions for substance abuse-related disorders and a reduc- tion for psychotic disorders. This study is in tune with the context of the reform of mental health- care in Minas Gerais, providing relevant input to support the mental health policies towards uni- versalization, humanization and the overcoming of inequalities in access to health services.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

Abstract The scope of this article is to describe

pesquisados é representativa de alunos de esco- las públicas e privadas das 27 capitais brasileiras. Foram selecionadas amostras independentes de escolas públicas e privadas a partir da lista do INEP (Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira), onde constam to- das as escolas do Brasil. Para cada tipo de escola (pública e privada), foram criados três estratos: escolas com ensino médio e fundamental, escolas apenas com ensino médio e escolas apenas com ensino fundamental. O número de escolas sorte- adas em cada estrato foi proporcional ao número de alunos dos estratos. Após o sorteio das turmas participantes, todos os alunos da classe foram convidados a participar da pesquisa.
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Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze

Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the accreditation criteria of the studies that eval- uated actions of health promotion and risk factor prevention of Health Promoting Schools (HPS). A systematic review was conducted based on the recommendations proposed in the “Preferred Re- porting Items for Systematic Reviews and Me- ta-Analyses (Prisma)” protocol of articles that assessed HPS in the following databases: SciELO, Lilacs, Medline, PubMed and Portal Capes. From the analysis of the three pillars for accreditation of HPS, three of the studies analyzed did not in- clude all the criteria for certification as HPS on the “Planning Process” and “Health Promotion Activities Developed” pillars. The schools cited in these studies perform health education, preven- tion and/or health promotion activities, howev- er, it is misleading to refer to themselves as HPS. The main challenges for implementation, devel- opment and continuity of HPS were identified as being intersectionality and insufficient financial and qualified human resources. HPS need to be certified and submitted to an ongoing evaluation process. It is also suggested the topic of health pro- motion be included in the syllabuses of training courses of health education teachers and other health education professionals.
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