Top PDF Disciplinary Interflow of Library and Information Science in Taiwan

Disciplinary Interflow of Library and Information Science in Taiwan

Disciplinary Interflow of Library and Information Science in Taiwan

This study investigates the indexed papers dated from 1996 to 2002, included in the Taiwan Hu- manities Citation Index (THCI). The goal is to explore disciplinary interflow of Library & Information Science (LIS) studies in Taiwan. The results show that the researchers of LIS mostly cooperate with researchers and scholars in the fields of social science and engineering & technology. In addition, LIS researchers focusing on “Library & Information Technology” and “Reader Services” frequently cooper- ate with researchers from other disciplines. With regard to their citation behaviors, LIS researchers fre- quently cite literatures of the Social Science, Engineering & Technology, and History. Especially, the major of cited literatures are written in Chinese and published 5 to 10 years earlier than the citing papers. The LIS research topic, “Administration and Management”, has the largest COC (citation outside category) index and WCOC (weighted citation outside category) index. As an LIS research topic, “Administration and Management” might have relatively higher degree of disciplinary interflow.
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Production and impact of Brazilian papers in Library and Information Science  journals (1986-2015)

Production and impact of Brazilian papers in Library and Information Science journals (1986-2015)

The second cluster (C2) is composed of three Latin language countries. They produced the highest values for Salton’s cosine index and significant absolute frequency values, indicating that this is Brazil’s main collaborating country group for achieving a mutually beneficial development. Cooperation with authors from both Portugal and Spain started in 2007 and increased from 2010 and 2012, respectively. Scientific collaboration with France began in 1999. This is earlier than the collaboration with the other two countries of this group and increased in the last three years. It is worth mentioning that collaborations with authors from Portugal resulted in the highest Salton’s cosine index and the lowest collaboration frequencies. Most (~50%) of these papers were written in Portuguese, although we observed papers in English (41%), Spanish (7%) and French (2%) as well. The third cluster (C3) presents values with the greatest variations, both for the Salton’s cosine index and for the absolute frequencies. Peru is highlighted, with the largest Salton’s cosine value, although there have been only three co- authored papers with Brazilian authors during the study period, due to the modest presence of Peruvian research in the LIS area, as indexed in Scopus. All collaborative papers published with authors from the United Kingdom or Canada were written in English.
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THE MEANING OF SCHOOL LIBRARY IN THE INFORMATION SCIENCE DISCOURSE :: Brapci ::

THE MEANING OF SCHOOL LIBRARY IN THE INFORMATION SCIENCE DISCOURSE :: Brapci ::

Por fi m, marcamos que, assim como a literatura cientí fi ca, os pro fi ssionais da informação podem e devem colaborar para a circulação de novas práticas e sentidos nas bibliotecas [r]

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Citation Errors in the Masters’ Theses of the Library and Information Science and Information Engineering

Citation Errors in the Masters’ Theses of the Library and Information Science and Information Engineering

This study focused only on errors in bibliographic information and disregarded errors related to citation style. To verify the accuracy of the references, the researchers used multiple authoritative databases including the online catalogs of the TKU Library and National Central Library, IEEE Xplore Digital L i b r a r y, A C M D i g i t a l L i b r a r y, L i b r a r y and Information Science Abstracts (LISA), Educational Resource Information Center (ERIC), ProQuest Dissertations & Theses:
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Indexação automática e ontologias: identificação dos contributos convergentes na ciência da informação

Indexação automática e ontologias: identificação dos contributos convergentes na ciência da informação

Automatic and traditional indexing has always been a concern of the area of Information Science (IS). The lack of consistency in human indexing, and the lack of semantics in the automatic are regarded as major disadvantages. One possibility of providing computational systems with greater inference power is the use of ontologies. This proposal aims to identify and analyse studies in the area of IS that address the contributions of ontologies in automatic indexing. It is intended to (i) identify the scientific works, in the scientific journal databases of Library & Information Science, and Information Science & Technology Abstracts that approach this subject, its temporal and geographical distribution; (ii) identify and describe the centrality of the subject approach to the two concepts (automatic indexing and ontologies), and the methodological approach of the respective articles; (iii) identify the contributions present in the articles that make up the corpus regarding the potentialities of the joint use of the two concepts. It was based on an exploratory study based on a systematic review of the literature. The results show the contributions of the ontologies in the automatic indexing, such as: (i) disambiguation of homographs and ambiguous terms; (ii) greater ability to integrate semantic relationships in an automated way; (iii) a navigation and expansion of queries through semantic relationships; (iv) a more accurate and exhaustive retrieval of information. We conclude that the development of systems that use ontologies in its full potential in automatic indexing seek to overcome their lack of semantic capacity. Despite the promising results in this regard, it may be still a little early to speak of effective semantic indexing.
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XVII Encontro Nacional de Pesquisa em Ciência da Informação (XVII ENANCIB) GT 7 – Produção e Comunicação da Informação em Ciência, Tecnologia Inovação A PRODUÇÃO CIENTÍFICA SOBRE ARQUIVOMETRIA SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ON ARQUIVOMETRICS

XVII Encontro Nacional de Pesquisa em Ciência da Informação (XVII ENANCIB) GT 7 – Produção e Comunicação da Informação em Ciência, Tecnologia Inovação A PRODUÇÃO CIENTÍFICA SOBRE ARQUIVOMETRIA SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ON ARQUIVOMETRICS

Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (BDT - Biblioteca Digital Brasileira de Teses e Dissertações), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Google Scholar. From the literature 29 relevant documents were recovered, these 20 are international work and 9 national, most found in Google Scholar, Scopus and LISTA. International studies show an approach largely focused on the study of users, since national efforts integrate different metrics application possibilities in the archives. The results showed few studies on the subject, which shows a lack in the field of Information Science, especially in Archivology, but also identifies the potential development of future work.
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Mapping of ETDs in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (PQDT) Global database (2014-2018)

Mapping of ETDs in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (PQDT) Global database (2014-2018)

various entities such as universities, departments, types of degree, and geographical area with respect to ETDs followed by tagging of the corpus using topic modeling. 8 core topics (tags) namely children literature; academic library; information retrieval; archival science; user study; digital library; library leadership; and digital communication were identified which fitted the corpus meticulously. Furthermore, each ETD was broken down into various topic proportions of percentage probabilities to segregate on the basis of the modelled topics. These findings can be mentioned on the PQDT Global website which can ultimately help the user in faster information retrieval and could also be used to provide recommendation service on the basis of their search or reading habits. The major limitations of topic modeling in the study include identification of an appropriate number of topics for the data in advance before performing the LDA; the inherent incompetence of Dirichlet to correlate among topics; and lastly, the manual interpretation and labelling of topics .
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Indexação automática e ontologias: identificação dos contributos convergentes na ciência da informação

Indexação automática e ontologias: identificação dos contributos convergentes na ciência da informação

Automatic and traditional indexing has always been a concern of the area of Information Science (IS). The lack of consistency in human indexing, and the lack of semantics in the automatic are regarded as major disadvantages. One possibility of providing computational systems with greater inference power is the use of ontologies. This proposal aims to identify and analyse studies in the area of IS that address the contributions of ontologies in automatic indexing. It is intended to (i) identify the scientific works, in the scientific journal databases of Library & Information Science, and Information Science & Technology Abstracts that approach this subject, its temporal and geographical distribution; (ii) identify and describe the centrality of the subject approach to the two concepts (automatic indexing and ontologies), and the methodological approach of the respective articles; (iii) identify the contributions present in the articles that make up the corpus regarding the potentialities of the joint use of the two concepts. It was based on an exploratory study based on a systematic review of the literature. The results show the contributions of the ontologies in the automatic indexing, such as: (i) disambiguation of homographs and ambiguous terms; (ii) greater ability to integrate semantic relationships in an automated way; (iii) a navigation and expansion of queries through semantic relationships; (iv) a more accurate and exhaustive retrieval of information. We conclude that the development of systems that use ontologies in its full potential in automatic indexing seek to overcome their lack of semantic capacity. Despite the promising results in this regard, it may be still a little early to speak of effective semantic indexing.
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EDITORIAL: In and Beyond This Issue(Vol.53 No.1)

EDITORIAL: In and Beyond This Issue(Vol.53 No.1)

This new year of 2016 will be another important milestone for the development of academic journals in Taiwan. Let’s take a look at the history. In 2008 we for the irst time had an oficial ranking system for journals in the ield of library and information sciences, and journals had been categorized into three levels according to qualities—irst degree, second and third, respectively. Later we had another adjustment to label these four levels as A, B, C and D. However, from this year of 2016, there will be a major change regarding the journal ranking system in Taiwan charged by Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST). It is called “New Policy of Journal Ratings in Humanities and Social Sciences”, which announces a two-year (2016-2017) re-ranking of journals in Humanities and Social Sciences, and incorporation of the collection policies of THCI Core and TSSCI, for avoiding redundant and repeated applications for being collected into these databases. The major changes in this new policy include:
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From printed documents to information in the clouds: Reflections Abstract This paper is intended to present a short review of the historic evolution of the printed

From printed documents to information in the clouds: Reflections Abstract This paper is intended to present a short review of the historic evolution of the printed

Em meados dos anos 1960, a expressão ‘ciência da informação’ estava definitivamente consolidada nos Estados Unidos, onde, aliás, foi florescendo até hoje mais do que em outros países, e não só abundavam já as propostas de definição, como surgiram, também, escritos em torno da fundamentação teórica da nova disciplina. A expressão ‘ciência da informação’ tende a se generalizar, e as publicações relacionadas se multiplicam de forma torrencial. Entretanto, eram – e ainda são – freqüentes as expressões ‘ciência(s) da documentação’, em vários países da Europa, e ‘Library Science’, nos Estados Unidos. Por outro lado, quando se observam algumas publicações, poder-se-ia concluir que ainda não existe unanimidade entre os autores em relação à consolidação da Ciência da Informação como ciência verdadeira, nem mesmo quanto a seu objeto e a seu escopo. Hawkins (2001, p.46) comenta: “ A distinção dos autores entre dados, conhecimento e informação é particularmente atraente (embora se deva situar o conhecimento num plano mais alto que a informação), e suas definições de três planos de armazenagem do conhecimento são relevantes”
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SCIENTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH OUTPUT ON NEUTRINO IN INDIA

SCIENTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH OUTPUT ON NEUTRINO IN INDIA

In his essay on citation analysis, King 8 pointed out that scientists are drowning in a flood of information overload. Remarkably, thousands of scientific studies are published on a daily basis. One method for tracking and evaluating research is citation analysis. Citation analysis works because scientists leave an unmistakable trail behind them as they report their work-a trail of footnotes. Today, a scientific publication is easily recognized by its footnotes, endnotes and references to other scientific articles or books 9 . More citations were from the books and periodicals than the other type of materials. Similar type of study was performed by Koley 10 & Sen (2003) covering 457 citations appended to 26 research articles published in the four issues of the quarterly Indian Journal of Physiology and Allied Sciences. Of the citations, 76.81% relate to journal articles, 18.59% to monographs, and the rest to conference papers, theses, etc. A total of 4,012 citations in 70 postgraduate dissertations in education were studied by Okiy 11 (2003). Most students in education used more textbooks (60.3 per cent), than other forms of library materials. Megnigbeto 12 (2006) studied the citations of dissertations of library and information science undergraduate students and found that the number of citations to Internet resources was very low.
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Usability in Scientific Databases

Usability in Scientific Databases

In order to identify a trend of the evolution, in time, of the interest for the usability research field, a study has been conducted in May, 2012. The study consisted in several queries, related to the usability research filed, on three major scientific databases, ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore Digital Library and Science Direct. Therefore, first, there have been searched all the scientific materials which contained the “usabil- ity” term in title, then in abstract and at the end in keywords. Second, there have been searched all the scientific materials which contained the “usability” word and also one of the following terms: “information system” or “information systems” or software.
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BARRIERS TO LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE RESEARCH: A STUDY AMONG RESEARCH SCHOLARS :: Brapci ::

BARRIERS TO LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE RESEARCH: A STUDY AMONG RESEARCH SCHOLARS :: Brapci ::

The respondents were asked to indicate the barriers related to their research. It is revealed from Table 5 that the majority of Librarians 25 (36.2%) are agreed that the barriers such as “Lack of Statistical Skills”, “Poor response in data collection” 25 (36.2%) , followed “High Expenditure” 24 (34.8%), “Lack of Awareness of Resources” 23 (33.3%), Lack of Report writing Skills “23 (33.3%) whereas majority of Assistant Librarians 14 (73.7%) are agreed that “Inadequate of Infrastructures”, 14 (73.7%),“Lack of Awareness of Resources” 10 (52.6%), “Lack of Report writing Skills” 9 (47.4%) as their barriers for the research.
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Transinformação  vol.29 número1

Transinformação vol.29 número1

In the international arena of Information Science, many scholars have defended and valued the contribution of marketing strategies to libraries and other information service providers. Among them are (a) Darlene E. Weingand, professor emeritus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA and author of “Future-driven library marketing (1998), Customer service excellence: a concise guide for librarians (1997)” and “Marketing/ planning library and information services (1987)”; (b) Blaise Cronin, professor emeritus of Information Science at Indiana University, Bloomington (IN), United States, edited “The marketing of library and information services (1981)”; (c) Jennifer Rowley, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk (UK), author ofInformation Marketing (2006)”; (d) Christie Koontz, School of Information, Florida State University, Thalahasse (FL), United States, co-authored “Key publications in library marketing (2006)” with Dinesh Gupta, Vardhaman Mahaveer Open University, India, and Sheila Webber, London Metropolitan University (UK); Christie Koontz and Lorri Mon, who wrote “Marketing and social media: A guide for libraries, archives, and museums (2014)”; (e) Dinesh Gupta, who edited “Marketing Library and Information Services: International perspectives (2006)”; in 2011, he co-edited “Marketing Libraries in a Web 2.0 world” with Réjean Savard, Université de Montreal, Canada, and in 2013, he wrote a chapter on the “Role of IFLA in marketing Initiatives in Library and Information Services” in the book titled “Collaboration in International and Comparative Librarianship”, edited by Susmita Chakraborty, University of Calcutta, India, and Anup Kumar Das, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India; and
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FROM SOCIAL RIGHTS TO THE PLEASURE: discursive itineraries in Library and Science Information

FROM SOCIAL RIGHTS TO THE PLEASURE: discursive itineraries in Library and Science Information

This paper aimed to investigate a framework for a philosophy of culture in Library and Information Science from a bibliographical methodological approach. The terminological search focused on the dialogue with the discursive approaches “cultural action”, “cultural animation” and “leisure”, as part of an elaboration of a discourse. The discursive way of describing the indications of a philosophy of culture was presented as the broad horizon of the present reflection. The main question indicated the difficulty, still today, of establishing a discourse on cultural practices and a critical discursive culture on informational practices that allow the understanding of pleasure as a possible and current activity in Library and Information Science (mainly, the relationship between information and culture). From the pre-selected discourses, the evidence of a philosophy of culture and not of a discursive librarian- informational context can be identified from the notions of “cultural action”, “cultural animation” and “pleasure”. We recognized, however, that the frontier here delimited did not point to an extension of philosophy of culture as borderline; from such notions we perceived that we revolved around a single pole, included in a myriad of ways, to an understanding of what is “cultural” in Library & Information Science. We came to the conclusion, however, that these and other conceptual borders lead objectively to a relationship between knowledge, culture and politics. Starting from the results that were brought to us as evidence fronts, we could perceive relational borders that touch a critical landscape going from culture as “pleasure” to “leisure” as a social right of the Brazilian society.
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Insertion of disciplines on information literacy in the Brazilian Library Science courses

Insertion of disciplines on information literacy in the Brazilian Library Science courses

Desde o surgimento da competência informacional no Brasil (CAREGNATO, 2001), o tema tem suscitado o interesse da comunidade científica de Biblioteconomia e Ciência da Informação, resultando na publicação de artigos que abordam questões acerca de seu histórico-conceitual (DUDZIAK, 2003; CAMPELLO, 2003). Posteriormente, passou a ser tratada em eventos voltados para profissionais da informação, como o Congresso Brasileiro de Biblioteconomia, Documentação e Ciência da Informação (CBBD), em 2005, em que foi realizado um workshop sobre a Competência Informacional para bibliotecários, visando promover a reflexão e debate sobre as estratégias de ação para viabilizar maiores informações e conhecimentos relativos a essa área em esfera nacional, incluindo-se a seguinte quest~o “Qual a importância da competência informacional ou information literacy para bibliotec|rios e educadores?” (FEBAB, 2005).
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Jesse Shera and his contribution to the field of Library and Information Science

Jesse Shera and his contribution to the field of Library and Information Science

Abstract: This paper aims to present the contribution of Jesse Shera to the field of Library and Information Science (LIS). Through a theoretical revision it intends to address aspects related to the movements which are influential in the humanistic part of Information Science, permeating its historical aspects, including its consolidation and highlighting the movement known as the Chicago School, which exerted a great influence on the humanistic repercussion of the discussed field of study. We discuss curiosities about Jesse Hauk Shera, his life and his works. Finally, we show the influences of Jesse Shera on the fields of the current LIS and offer ways in which new research may be developed based on the theoretical revision carried out, in order to encourage other researchers to have a closer look at the relevance Shera in this field.
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THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF INFORMATION SCIENCE IN BRAZIL: disciplinary elements of the scientifi c fi eld

THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF INFORMATION SCIENCE IN BRAZIL: disciplinary elements of the scientifi c fi eld

A partir de Lenoir (2004), considera-se que a defi nição do domínio do campo disciplinar decorre da cooperação constitutiva entre os elementos internos e externos. De fato, o domínio [r]

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Transinformação  vol.29 número3

Transinformação vol.29 número3

Focusing on the user and information, the Indians Rajagopalan and Rajan updated the five laws: (1) information is for use; (2) every user his/her information; (3) every piece of information his/her user; (4) save the time of the user (5) an information system is a growing organism (FIGUEIREDO, 1992). With these new statements, Ranganathan’s laws were broadened and inserted into larger contexts, consistent with the current reality of modern information retrieval systems. French researcher Alireza Noruzi, from the Department of Information Science of Paul Cézanne University, has also updated Ranganathan’s five laws in order to apply the principles to the web. According to Noruzi (2005), the web is the global hypertext system providing access to documents written in a script called Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) that allows its contents to be interlinked, locally and remotely. The five web laws, updated by Noruzi are: (1) web resources are for use; (2) every user his or her web resource; (3) every web resource its user; (4) save the time of the user; (5) the web is a growing organism. Accordingly, a review of the concepts of library, reader, and book for the web, user, and information, and/or resource can be identified. Thus, Noruzi (2005) updated the principles, but the philosophy behind these concepts continued the same: democratization and easier access to information.
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Comunicação científica e ontologias: uma pesquisa no Library and Information Science Abstracts.

Comunicação científica e ontologias: uma pesquisa no Library and Information Science Abstracts.

This article reports a search’s analysis at the database Library and Information Science Abstracts, using the terms scientific communication and ontology. The objective was to analyze search’s possibilities in reference databases with emphasis on metadata standards and interoperability among systems. The methodology is exploratory and descriptive, documental and quant-qualitative; it employs the bibliometric soft wares Infotrans and Dataview for the analysis of the 129 obtained results in the bibliographic survey of data tabulation and analyses. It concludes that the databases and soft wares differ significantly, fact which demands strict standards of metadata to enable efficient and accurate results in searches as well as the utilization of bibliometric tools for analysis and discussion of obtained documents, in order to improve the quantitative indicators of scientific production.
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