Ovo su samo neke od mreÞa namijenjenih znanstvenicima, pored opæih postoje i usko specijalizirane koje okupljaju znanstvenike iz odreðenog podruèja znanosti (Social science space, Mala- riaWorld, Epernicus…), odreðeno sveuèilište (eagle-i – eaglei- online.com – namijenjen studentima Pravnog fakulteta Boston- skog sveuèilišta) ili koje pokreæu pojedini izdavaèi poput Scia- table, koji je pokrenuo izdavaè Nature Publishing Group (www.nature.com/scitable).
Consumers are willing to pay a premium for products made in socially and environmentally responsible ways. Consumers claim that they are willing to pay a higher price for products of socially responsible firms, but are not willing to spend time on figuring out which firm is socially responsible. At the same time, a segment of consumers continue to buy products from firms with well acknowledged bad ethical conducts. Consumers do not act as what they claim. A small number of highly ethical consumers do exist. They care much about producers‘ CSR in their buying and consumption choices (Carrigan & Attalla, 2001). Carrigan and Attalla (2001) categorized consumers into four types based on their ethical awareness and ethical purchase intention. Consumers with low ethical awareness and low ethical purchase intention are called oblivious consumers. Confused and uncertain consumers are those with low ethical awareness but show high ethical purchase intention. Consumers with high ethical awareness who do not make purchase intention accordingly are cynical and disinterested consumers. The last type is caring and ethical consumers who obtain sufficient CSR information and are highly ethical in their purchase activities. Carrigan and Attalla (2001) also pointed out that consumers are not the only stakeholders of a business. Other stakeholders such as employees, environmental organizations may care much about a firm‘s CSR. Each stakeholder group has a focuson firms‘ CSR. The focus is usually what influences their interest most. When addressing CSR, firms need always engage the target stakeholders and their focus of concerns. Philanthropy seen everywhere without any consumer engagement has little contribution to consumer choice. Consumers‘ awareness of firms‘ CSR is limited in general, so opportunities exist in the communication of corporate social performance and social responsibility initiatives with consumers. Even though consumers‘ choices are not significantly influenced by a firm‘s CSR, it is still important to be socially responsible in business operations. Consumers may have more CSR information and become more ethical in their purchasing behavior in the future. In addition, the new generation may behave differently to socially responsible companies‘ products.
The objective of this study is to understand if it is possible to structure data in a simple way, from web communication within Facebook socialnetwork, using SNA methodology, in order to extract information from the discourse produced for decision support. For that purpose, we established a debate for determining the logistics over the annual enterprise lunch (mainly the location and menu). Afterwards, we applied SNA techniques over the collected data in order to study the network. Our network was analyzed from the ego- centric perspective according to four perspectives: (1) a networkwith all social actors in the group; (2) a networkwithsocial actors who have had interactions with another member of the group; (3) a networkwith all social actors and respective posts comments; (4) a semantic network. This paper addresses the underlying complexity of web discourse analysis and, in section 2, we focus important aspects to be taken into account. A discussion on decision support within the context of social networks is also addressed in section 2, along socialnetwork analysis and most important metrics. In section 3 we present and discuss the obtained results. Final remarks are expressed in Section 4.
years show increase in the number of institutional repositories and open access journals, but, on the other hand, they record that the repositories are still underpopulated. The lack of knowledge about the repositories and non-adherence to self-archiving have been presented as the main factors that contribute to this scenario. Recently, virtual social networks have gained space in scientific communities, attracting researchers who see in this new environment, resources that favor the availability and sharing of academic content and interaction with their peers. This paper presents the practices of researchers from Brazilian higher education institutions in the use of an academic socialnetwork, the ResearchGate, and institutional repositories, regarding the availability of academic content. Through data collection in the OpenDOAR directory and in the ResearchGatenetwork, the number of documents available in this network and in institutional repositories is presented, comparing these values. It is verified that all the Brazilian higher education institutions of the sample have representation in the ResearchGatenetwork and that there are significant number of Brazilian researchers who use this network to provide scientific documents. It was also possible to show that there are institutions whose volume of publications available in ResearchGate represents more than 50% of the volume of documents available in their institutional repositories.
In the late 1970s several new social science researchers with Amazonian experience – Nigel Smith, Charles Wood and I – arrived at UF and began working with Wagley. In 1979 I had just completed my Ph.D. in anthropology at the University of Texas. At UF on a post-doctoral fellowship from the Tinker Foundation working with Charles Wagley, I took the lead on program development activities for the group. Even before receiving funding, we began to widen UF’s network of collaboration with colleagues overseas, through visiting scholar invitations as well as the launch of a new Amazon Research Newsletter, first sent out in October of 1979 to 200 Amazonian scholars around the world. The typed and mimeographed newsletter’s aim was to disseminate current research news and to build a roster of scholars and scientistswith Amazonian research and development experience, both in the social sciences and humanities and in the biological and physical sciences (including public health and agronomy) 12 . Initially
The following paper deals with a similar subject, focusing on The Social and Intellectual Dimensions in the Construction of Scientific Knowledge: The Institutional Theory in Organization Studies in Brazil. This paper, by Edson Ronaldo Guarido Filho, Clóvis L. Machado-da-Silva and Luciano Rossoni, seeks to delineate two dimensions of this process: the social interactions among researchers in a determined scientific field, being evaluated as a co-authorship network; and the intellectual dimension, expressed by its substantive content and provided references. With this analytical division in mind, the authors set out to research how the intellectual structure is conditioned by the social relationships among researchers, with a focuson the institutional analysis perspective in organizational studies in Brazil.
This software uses several different algorithms for displaying nodes in a two-dimensional space, using a circle layout or layouts obtained with multidimensional scaling or spring embedding. These layouts are based on geodesic distance. It has tools for grouping and automatically recoloring, resizing, or reshaping of nodes, ties and labels to represent these groups. Graphs can be rotated, flipped, resized, and saved in several formats, amongst others, as bitmap (BMP) and JPEG files. Export functions to Mage and Pajek are available. NetDraw includes some analysis procedures, for example, identification of isolates, components, or k-cores, the results of which are displayed graphically (Huisman, 2003).
ble 1): (1) individual professionals; (2) social con- text and interaction; (3) organizational context; and (4) economic context. The first block includes cognitive, educational, and motivational theories that seek to explain how professionals make their choices and decisions. The second block includes theories that focuson the influence of the social context in the process of change (social norms and values within a socialnetwork, leadership, peers, and the role of models), that interact with actions by individuals in the implementation processes. They are the theories of communication, social learning, influence, socialnetwork, teamwork, professional development, and leadership. The third block focuses on the organizational context involving the theories of innovative organizations, quality management, reengineering, complexity, organizational learning, and organizational cul- ture. Theories on the influence of economic fac- tors focuson market regulations, competition, payment systems, and financial incentives, factors to be identified in the implementation of changes although they are largely beyond the control of the agents that promote them.
While Della Porta is explicitly using aspects of the political economy approach, corruption in this view is clearly a social process. In particular when dealing with corrupt networks of actors I believe there is much to gain by viewing corrupt networks as social networks of exchange. I would argue that viewing corruption in this way is legitimate and has important theoretical implications. If corrupt networks can legitimately be understood as socialnetwork processes then theoretical approaches such as SocialNetwork Analysis (“SNA”), Social Exchange Theory and Power Dependence Theory become applicable. Like all theories applied to new areas, they cannot just be overlaid as a template. Such theoretical approaches need to be applied with caution and one eye focused on the specific nature of the social behaviour at hand. I will focus here onSocialNetwork Analysis.
In sports organizations, considering the cultural and social nature of sports, the relationship between the managers and the employees is very important and influencing the effectiveness of activities. In addition, in organizational system, in order to improve the quality of organizational communication, managers need to have effective communication with their superior managers, colleagues and subordinates. However, the managers have insufficient awareness of their own and employees qualities. Therefore, considering the fact that sports organizations are the main sport authorities, the quality of manager's treatment with personnel and the manner s/he adopt to transfer the massages to subordinates, and the way the manager talk with people and communicate properly with them are the foundation and basis of any organization. As a result, the variable of communication skills, its study and reach the conclusion using it is regarded important. Therefore, it seems that the variable of managers' communication skills in organizations is very important. Considering the importance of leadership style and management pattern in an organization that is focused on it, the focuson the variable of Clark's management network, as one of the newest management theories, and the study of the effect of communication skills on the establishment of the mentioned network in the sports organizations can be addressed as a research topic. It seems that appropriate interaction between communication skills and Clark's management network will lead to establish the network in sports organizations. Since the managers place at the highest organizational level of the organizations, their attitudes, communication and decision – making cause an organization be in an uptrend or downtrend. It seems that communication skills can be considered as a variable in the management pattern of Clark's management network, hence the current study is looking for to answer to this question: whether is there any relationship between communication skills and the establishment of Clark's management network among managers in sports organizations?
6. Employee orientation: related to the management, it measures the attitude of the organization toward the welfare of its employee over emphasis on performance. Some of these dimensions can be useful in assessing the fitness of a new employee or an expatriate. For example, a low scoring firm on openness of the system or on employee orientation can lead to difficulties over time. A previous study of R. Sarra on 2016 revealed how a lower incidence of stricter practices, such as monitoring, on organizational trust and neither the four organizational justice dimensions (Interpersonal, informational, procedural, distributive) are affected by those practices. Further studies tried also to correlate some of the Hofstede’s six variables. For example, a study from M. Nogueira in 2018 found a positive correlation between performance and learning goal orientation and a negative one between institutional collectivism and performance goal orientation. An expat moving abroad, anyway, should find the same organizational culture when moving in a different country because, at the end, the individual is leaving a country but not the firm and this should reduce the impact, that is limited to the external life in society.
Describing orthographic depth for Lao, however, appears less straight forward. On one hand, using this classification system, Lao might be considered a relatively more shallow orthography because there is a fairly regular correspondence between graphemes and pho- nemes in post-1975 written Lao. This is due in part to standardiza- tion and regularization of spelling conventions by the communist po- litical movement (Pathet Lao) in support of universal literacy efforts beginning in the 1950s through the establishment of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic in 1975. From this time forward, words were to be spelled strictly according to their pronunciation, the karan ໌ was no longer necessary (indicating silent letters), and the letter ‘r’ was removed from the alphabet because spoken Lao does not traditional- ly make a distinction between /l/ and /r/ in speech (Enfield, 2007).
Abstract: This article discusses how knowledge is used in sustainable economic development. The survey was drawn from the mapping of four companies that work with information technology, in order to qualitatively analyze the relevance of these enterprises in the economic scenario of the country and how they deal with the "product knowledge." The results showed the investment by all firms studied in the qualification of its workforce and managing the quality of their products and services. Finally, it is concluded that there is much room for information technology grow in Brazil, just invest in innovation.
In the base cloud-free model run for “Cape Grim” condi- tions the BrO mixing ratio is with 5–15 pmol mol −1 unre- alistically high, the bromine deficit of 30–85%, however, is similar to the measured values of Ayers et al. (1999). The high gas phase values are due to high wind speeds leading to a high sea salt loading and efficient release of bromine from the aerosol to the gas phase as evident in the values for the bromine deficit. One way to explain the discrepency be- tween model and field data would involve organic bromine compounds that “sequester” bromine (Toyota et al., 2003). In this study, however, we did not investigate this possibil- ity. We also did runs with a 2.5x and 4.5x enrichment of HCO − 3 and found the expected increase in sea salt aerosol pH and smaller BrO mixing ratios. On the other hand, the Br − deficits of 20 and 3% were again too small compared with measurements. The contribution of BrO to the DMS
public and private sectors have invested billions of dollars into the development of AFVs. At this time, a few types of AFVs are on the roads in the U.S and some demonstration plans for AFVs are in process. These vehicles are potential substitutes for current gasoline vehicles and may account for a considerable share of the automobile market in the future. Conversely, it is also possible that some types of AFVs will die out since they fail to meet the requirements of potential consumers and hence do not achieve sufficient market share to be viable. However, how AFVs behave in the market depends on a variety of endogenous and exogenous factors, such as their performance, their limitations, consumer preferences, the regulatory environment, the price and availability of gasoline and so on. Therefore, it is difficult to forecast the market penetration of various AFVs. Yet, the forecasts of AFVs’ market are essential to evaluating their potential contributions to the reduction of energy consumption and emissions in the transportation sector.
of SMS often becomes popular at a time when individuals experience life transition, in this case, it is freshmen and their parents, as a way to reduce uncertainty and seek for social support. In Chinese Mandarin context, however, genera- tional cohort also intersects with life-phase use, in the sense that Taiwanese parents in their 40s or older are generally not skilled in typing; in this case, it is the earlier form of texting. While they were not trained to type and socialize, they were acculturated to interact with their sons and daughters. This phenomenon seemingly suggests that technological and instrumental constraints have laid the framework of social media use. As the multimedia platform came along 5 years ago, the older generational cohort finds this friendlier, also quickly jumping on the bandwagon. While some in different generational cohorts may use more frequently, most parents “text to orchestrate their tasks instrumentally”—based on these freshmen in reflection of their parents’ uses. Earlier scholarly effort addressing social media uses on the multime- dia platforms in Chinese context is scant, in part due to the rapid technological innovation with diverse platforms and their various affordances. Research about textism in Chinese context has paid attention to the linguistic innovations, given the number of Mandarin Chinese users and the intensity of their Internet use. Notably, Su (2003) explored four innova- tive linguistic styles in Bulletin Board System (BBS), one of the most popular computer-mediated communication venues in Taiwan in the late 1990s. Along the similar line, Fung and Carter (2006, 2007) address the emergence of a new hybrid variety of English in synchronous instant messaging system in Hong Kong. The new register, according to Fung and Carter (2006, 2007), represents a dual form of hybridity with a largely oral orientation than written. As much integrated into people’s lives, the ubiquitous and
Depression among type 2 diabetes patients is a scarcely researched topic in India. 14 A study from southern India 17 found a prevalence of 45.2 percent among individuals with diabetes, 30.9 percent of them having moderate depression while remaining 14.3 percent having severe depression. A fact that seeks attention is that of those 45.2 percent people with co‐morbid depression, majority (75 percent) were uninformed of their status. Furthermore, out of those who were aware, only 11.5 percent had consulted a physician for treatment. Ali et al 11 reported a 27.05 percent prevalence of co‐morbid depression in type 2 diabetes patients while it was 11.11 percent among the non‐diabetic healthy patient relatives. Raval et al 3 reported a 41 percent prevalence of depression among type 2 diabetes patients in a tertiary care centre. Another tertiary hospital based study from southern India 27 reported a prevalence of depression as 49 percent among the diabetes patients. The prevalence of depression in individualswith diabetes was almost twice (35.38 percent) that in control subjects (20 percent) in a study by Siddiqui et al. 28
Displays a search experience reporting under the Pervasive Information Architecture applied to scientific publishing field. Discusses that e- books have been produced with few hypertext and interactive features, often using texts and images in a PDF file format. Asks also that university presses require theoretical and methodological subsidies for the production of electronic books with interactive animations, audio, video and navigation structure that allows the reader's connection with other spaces and analog information environments, digital and / or hybrids. This study is based on the following question: how the architecture of Pervasive information can be applied to management of production of electronic books in university presses? Objective: to present a proposal developed based on the theoretical and methodological contributions of Pervasive Information Architecture for managing the editorial production of electronic books. The theoretical framework articulates: Information Science, Pervasive Information Architecture and eBooks. The research adopted phenomenology as an epistemological reference, and in the context of Publisher UFPB, extracted the essence of the production of electronic books. Articulated the aforementioned production base to the theoretical and methodological apparatus of Pervasive Information Architecture, proposing a management for the editorial production of electronic books.
After careful consideration of all the variables it is quite clear that the United States is the ideal market for further expansion of MyHelpster. The familiarity with the German market coupled with it being large enough to create significant growth had made it a serious candidate however a few small details dictated that the US be chosen. The first is, even though there are over 42 million English speakers that could use the service the vast majority still use software set up in German, their native tongue. This small but vital detail could render the service unusable for these people because the helpsters can’t work with software that is in a language they are not familiar with. The other detail that makes the US the obvious choice is the sheer market size MyHelpster would have to work with. The US is the original consumer society with an English speaking population of nearly 270 million people the sky is quite literally the limit. In fact just 1% market share, as calculated with the numbers in the market analysis section, would generate revenues of over £20M.
A critical problem that surround workers and more in particular expats come from the conciliation between work and family life, that can impact on individuals and organization. Many previous studies tried to explain the relationship and the effects that both have on each other, but one predicted the boundaries created by individuals in these domains (L. Furtado, 2012). This research focused on the relationship work-family around conflict, occupational stress, and the role of a social support. Results suggested two interesting results: the first one indicate a low level of work-family conflict and occupational stress when boundaries between these dimensions are strong. The second one, related to this study, support the idea of a positive influence from an eventual social support, such as by a supervisor or co-worker, can help to manage the daily life with more comfort. The research expects from expats harder capability to adapt far away from families, the further the worse in term of cultural scores.