Top PDF Structure Of Management Information In SNMP

Structure Of Management Information In SNMP

Structure Of Management Information In SNMP

SNMP version 2 (SNMPv2) is an evolution of the initial version, SNMPv1. Originally, SNMPv2 was published as a set of proposed Internet standards in 1993; currently, it is a draft standard. Similarly to SNMPv1, SNMPv2 functions within the specifications of the Structure of Management Information (SMI). Theoretically, SNMPv2 offers a number of improvements to SNMPv1, including additional protocol operations. It makes certain additions and enhancements to the SNMPv1 SMI- specific data types, such as including bit strings, network addresses, and counters. Representatives for SNMPv2 are bit strings; they comprise zero or more named bits that specify a value. In the network address case version1 supports only 32-bit IP addresses, while the second version can support other types of addresses as well. There are also 64 bit counters. In SNMPv1, a 32-bit counter size is specified. In SNMPv2, 32-bit and 64-bit counters are defined.
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Capital structure : importance of cash management in financing decisions

Capital structure : importance of cash management in financing decisions

since the equity value tends to increase. By using the Black-Scholes model (Black & Scholes, 1973), the decision on taking the risky project will have, relating to the assets value, a smaller portion of debt claims than if the safer one was token. The bond investors perceiving the existence of the risky project, will only buy the bonds issued at the price valued as if the manager would take that project. Facing the two scenarios, the difference of debt value for each project would be the amount that the manager-owner would get by misleading the bondholders about the risk of the investment opportunity. The agency cost would be observable in the difference between the value of the firm after taking the safer project against after deciding in favor of the riskier one (assuming that the distribution of the cash flows has a higher expected value in the project with less risk). At this point was described the agency costs related with the impact of debt in investment decisions, but they also show that debt is related with two other sources of agency costs: monitoring/bonding costs and bankruptcy costs. The first pair relates to the enforcement of legal procedures in contract in order to monitor the agent performance that will create a cost (example: the cost of.an audit), knowing that the cost will be bared mostly by de manager, if he finds a way to provide the information less costly, he will do it in order to maximize the wealth value of the manager (bonding costs). The last source of agency conflicts, the bankruptcy costs, defined by the lack of possibility to satisfy all the debt claims (and none equity claims at that stage). Those are costs that are not only observed directly when it occurs (when the process consumes part of the claims), but also indirectly when there is a high probability of bankruptcy that will be reflected before in operating costs, manager’s demand for compensation or the costs of external financing for example.
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IMPLEMENTATION OF QUALITATIVE RULES IN COMPANY`S INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

IMPLEMENTATION OF QUALITATIVE RULES IN COMPANY`S INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

Informa on`s  quality involves not only a client, but also  a  supplier. Because of that we can talk about informa on`s  delivery  chain. In logis cs idea of delivery chain is defined  as   a  structure  of  organiza ons  group  accomplishing  com‐ mon  ac ons to sa sfy demand on certain products in whole  goods  flow chain, from ge ng material to delivery product.  Regarding  to informa on`s delivery chain [6], a client is an  employee,   who  uses  output  data  and  processes  them  for  his   own  u lity.  A  supplier,  and  o en  a  creator  of  infor‐ ma on,   is  a  person  who  cause  a  crea on  and  update  of  component  data. According to V. G. Narayanan and Ananth  Raman   the  effec veness  of  the  chain  depends  on  accord‐ ance   of  targets  and  mo va on  of  all  of  the  par cipants,  because   risk  factors, costs  and benefits  from  common act  are   evenly  distributed  [15].  That  is  why  everybody  should  agree  with Christopcher, who says that delivery chain is like  a   web  of  connec ons  and  correla ve  organiza ons.  They  are  co‐opera ng, controlling and improving material circu‐ la on  and informa on`s flow from supplier to users [4, 5].  Regarding   to  informa on  this  concept  should  be  treated  similar.  Informa on would be a product, circula ng in infor‐ ma on`s  channel from sender – manufacturer to receiver –  customer.  
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Information Behaviour Characteristics of Project Actors in Organisation Management

Information Behaviour Characteristics of Project Actors in Organisation Management

the same process. As a matter of fact, the project actor would wish to just focus on the project execution and delivery process but for that to run smoothly, there is the need for accurate reliable context based information delivery [9],[12],[17]. A recent empirical investigation of engineers IB by [9] confirmed [17] affirmation that 40 to 66% of engineers working time is spent processing, communicating and disseminating information. Project actors require all kinds of different context specific information to carry out their activities. For example, the project manager needs up- to-date information about stake holders’ requirements, status report, planning details, and the performance report about the various project teams/contractors/engineers (actors). At the same time, a stakeholder may require information specific about project progress. Apart from this, an effective project manager needs to have a good knowledge and information about the technical aspect of the project. When the available information is presented in a well-structured (context specific) and timely manner to the project manager, evidence shows that the actor is able to make effective decisions regarding the project and any other problems being encountered [18].
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STRATEGIC PLANNING IN INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

STRATEGIC PLANNING IN INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

The future of organizations and what they will become in 5 years does not yet exist, we have to create it. Our actions and decisions (both individual and collective) will create the future. This is the nature of strategic planning - organizations must plan for the unknown. We can react to the unknown or we can shape the unknown, but only effective strategic planning can make the difference between shaping and having to react. Regardless of the perspective one adopts, the fundamental purpose of planning is to integrate organizational efforts in order to achieve a common goal [4].
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INFORMATION MANAGEMENT IN DISASTER AND DEVELOPMENT: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

INFORMATION MANAGEMENT IN DISASTER AND DEVELOPMENT: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

In this context the global versus local controversy, already mentioned, is significant. There are several global development indexes (0) used by international institutions to develop policies. The practical expression of these policies is programmes which are implemented through projects. Governments, international institutions, civil society and private sector are donors or receivers of the financial resources for the implementation. Project Cycle Management (PCM) is a set of tools based on the Logical Frame Approach (LogFrame) which is the core to plan, monitor and evaluate development projects. In addition, PCMs presented by the on-field organisations are the base to fund the projects (EC 2004). In the LogFrame, the different goals, purposes and outputs are measure through indicators (process and impact indicators). The activities and inputs needed are determined from the analysis of this information. The progress is then evaluated against baselines.
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Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

Investigating The Use Of Mobile Computing In Zimbabwe Polytechnics Case Of A Polytechnic In Zimbabwe

). This shows that there has been upgrading and improvement in mobile computing device characteristics since Zimm erman’s research up to now. Dahlstrom (2012), a senior research analyst at EDUCAUSE, in his article titled ―Executive Summary: Student Mobile Computing Practices—lessons learned from Qatar‖ says that students find Mobile technology convenient and engaging and institutions need to invest more in mobile device use and support. In Qatar the Education City conducted a survey jointly with ECAR (Every Child a Reader) of United Kingdom (UK) on student mobile computing technology and the results were not only relevant to their student’s experiences but also speaks to the global revolution of mobile technology in the academic environment. The findings revealed that, for students, technology plays an important role in productivity and communication, students want technology integrated into their academic experience and students want to better utilise mobile technology in their learning environments doing such things as creating content for course assignments, accessing course related material and pushing the limits of mobile device productivity. Kim et al (2006) identified the benefits of using mobile wireless phones as freedom of location and time, increasing speed in teaching and learning, enabling one-to-one learning based on individual educational histories or test results, better communication opportunities and better collaboration in group discussions. They also identified the specific benefits of using Personal Data Assistants in m-learning as mobility, information management capacity, beaming capability, ability to work in many places and replacement of pen and paper. A UK essays website argued that the major challenge for educators and trainers is how to develop learning materials for delivery on
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The Effects of the Application of Production Information Systems

The Effects of the Application of Production Information Systems

Jobs and procedures for planning, preparation, and marketing of produce are developing towards automation of the process, with the main aim of data processing in real-time and with the required quality. In this sense, for the purposes of planning and production programs have been developed block diagrams as separate software packages. Their function in the information system is a documentary nature. Represent database information, and the holders are automatically placed in the second set of simple information systems, in addition to the knowledge base. Production control by using the computer ethnology developed and the corresponding information systems and programs that maintain the entire system life. These systems cover a partial business and production functions, but the entire production if so requested by top management. Of course, the systems that are responsible for monitoring, planning, executing the entire production systems is much more complex.
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Secure IP over Satellite DVB Using Chaotic Sequences

Secure IP over Satellite DVB Using Chaotic Sequences

Our system uses a hierarchical key management system. The choice of the exact structure of the system (number of intermediary keys, key lengths and security parameters) must be done taking into account the characteristics of the system. One of these characteristics is the frequency of MK usage, FMK. It is very important to analyze this parameter because it is easy to obtain systems that use the MK very often (many times in one day) or systems that almost never use MK (one time at more than 2 years). If the optimum value of the frequency of MK usage may be chosen by the ISP and his client, the extreme cases must always be avoided.
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INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: the ?excellent companies practices in enterprise management? extensive for unity of information :: Brapci ::

INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: the ?excellent companies practices in enterprise management? extensive for unity of information :: Brapci ::

A BSTRACT The knowledge and information management facilitates the use of the enterprise information for decisions making, generating organizational knowledge. The State of Paraíba launched the challenge named “Excelência em Gestão Empresarial” awarding the Prêmio Paraibano de Qualidade (PPQ) and the Prêmio Revelação Empresarial (PRE) to some relevant companies. Information and knowledge were considered excellence criteria for awarding. This initiative arose the interest to diagnose, in some Paraíba companies –based in João Pessoa and awarded the “excellence in enterprise management”, their documentary management of information and knowledge practices so to adjust them in the unity of information. In the universe of eight companies, it was selected the ones considered large and which were based in João Pessoa -PB, forming the sample to be worked. After interviews it was evident that one of the companies was highlighted for its actions for information and knowledge management. The data was collected throughout half-structured interviews. The results demonstrate that diverse actions for the Information and the Knowledge Management could be applied to the unity of information to promote learning.
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JISTEM J.Inf.Syst. Technol. Manag.  vol.10 número3

JISTEM J.Inf.Syst. Technol. Manag. vol.10 número3

It is important to remember the relevance of the insurance industry in Portugal, representing almost 9% of the GDP and with an important role in the social-economic progress. It was possible to understand the inter-organizational space where the CIO can strengthen his strategic contribution according to the collaborative needs of a more dynamic partnership system. Information management should realize the value of information as a meta-resource of management, being that this study designs a model of interaction that would deepen the engagement of economic agents in the industry, conducive to value creation in a more competitive business environment. Thus, the reinforcement of the role of IS in collaborative models is a new field with opportunities that CIOs, consultants and Universities cannot ignore.
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The Role of Information Systems in Implementing Total Quality Management

The Role of Information Systems in Implementing Total Quality Management

Human resources utilization: A good number of the problems encountering the implementation of sustainable TQM are to do with the involvement and commitment of employees to achieving quality goals (Miller, 1996). Involvement and empowerment of employees seem to be of vital importance in implementing TQM. It appears that the importance of these factors increases as the quality effort matures. In implementing a TQM, it is important to jointly involve employees and management in order to promote ownership and commitment. As these elements are put in place, training plays a key role in developing the skills necessary to allow continual employee involvement and empowerment. For example, introducing employees to different statistical techniques provide them with the means for quantitatively monitoring shop floor operations. In addition, concepts such as suggestion systems and the provision of problem-solving techniques allow for increased involvement. As employees grow in their knowledge and problem-solving ski11s, management typically respond by providing increased levels of empowerment.
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INFORMATION IN THE SYSTEM OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING AND ITS USERS

INFORMATION IN THE SYSTEM OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING AND ITS USERS

Abstract. In an market economy, where each entity has autonomy in developing their production programs, production plans and social development to identify strategies pricing policy has significantly increased the responsibility of the management of taken by them management decisions. In order to develop effective and operative decisions managers need reliable information for both the production and the financial position of the company. As is known, traditional accounting, which covers much of the existing information systems do not provide managers at all levels of operational information, and this is achieved through management accounting. Namely the creation of nontraditional systems for forming information about production costs and the financial results, the use of new methods to management, the increased value of the information obtained for decision making appears at present one of the most actual problems of accounting, control and analysis of economic activity. In this article we aim to define the concept of management information, to systematize the information needs of different users and qualitative characteristics that should have useful information.
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Formação superior em ciência arquivística na Républica Popular da China : um estudo comparativo entre a Escola de Gestão da Informação da Universidade de Wuhan e a Escola de Gestão de Recursos de Informática da Universidade Renmin da China

Formação superior em ciência arquivística na Républica Popular da China : um estudo comparativo entre a Escola de Gestão da Informação da Universidade de Wuhan e a Escola de Gestão de Recursos de Informática da Universidade Renmin da China

In the School of Information Resource Management at Renmin University of China, apart from you I've decided to pick Dr. Feng Huiling (冯惠玲教授) since she has various articles and papers about archival higher education in China, apart from being a corresponding member of the Section for Education and Training of the International Council of Archives (ICA/SAE). [Enviado à Doutora Xiaoyu Huang]

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IS THERE ANY ROOM TO IMPROVE THE USE OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION?

IS THERE ANY ROOM TO IMPROVE THE USE OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION?

The study has also taken into account a few educational factors that could influence the usefulness of accounting information for the management of these organizations. These factors were: accounting personnel training in accounting, accounting staff training in computer-use, accounting staff training in accounting software, management staff training in accounting, management workforce training in computer-use and management personnel training in accounting software.
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: Brapci ::

: Brapci ::

Abstract: This research aimed to investigate the impacts from the satisfaction of information needs for decision making in the strategic planning of a public organization. The research strategy adopted was the case study, involving the use of sequential methods of approach in the search for convergence and triangulation of data from different sources of evidence. The first phase consisted of document analysis, and the second expansion and validation of findings through in-depth interview, the third survey (questionnaires), and the fourth participant observation. Grounded in the literature from the areas of Administration, Public Management and Information Science, notably, the last one, with regard to models of information use within organizations proposed by Choo, Davenport, McGee and Prusak, investigations were carried out with the actors involved in context studied to understand the problems related to the need of information relating to strategic planning. The study identified the decision steps and decisions related to the construction of the organizational strategy, the strategic planning builders main difficulties focusing on the information problems as well as the strategies used to avoid the unfavorable scenarios originated by informational deficiencies associated to the decision process. The study found that there was some problems during the planning process, like ones related with the cultural cachet (political hierarchy, lack of planning culture, excessive secrecy and lack of staff), methodology (inadequate profile of participants, few deadlines and failure occur awareness) and information (lack of information, lack of systematic information and disabled and repeated). Moreover, it was shown that during the identification of impacts related to the satisfaction of information to decision making in low informational situations, the actors involved developed contour strategies as (i) rationale for decisions on personal experience (empiricism), (ii) generalization, (iii) interpretation (subjective) and (iv) indirect use of the information.
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An SNMP Filesystem in Userspace

An SNMP Filesystem in Userspace

Accessing and updating information is a frequent operation in virtually any activity. Be- cause of the evolution of computing platforms, the electronic information is associated with the concept of files, residing in a generic storage mechanism. Usually, the files are updated by general use applications, such as office suites or drawing editors. Often, the content is in plain text, allowing standard editors to retrieve and update the information. Because of the ubiquity of files, modern operating system have an extensive set of tools to deal with the maintenance of files, such as renaming, creating, copying, backing up and restore, and so on. In enterprises, work files are typically stored in network storage, made available through a virtual file system in local desktop computers.
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Implementing a Copyright Management System

Implementing a Copyright Management System

The United States also grant protection to copyright management information through the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), under title I (WIPO treaties im- plementation), section 103 (Copyright pro- tection systems and copyright management information). In the definition of the DMCA, copyright management information can mean information “conveyed in connection with copies or phonorecords of a work or perfor- mances or displays of a work, including in digital form, except that such term does not include any personally identifying informa- tion about a user of a work or of a copy, pho- norecord, performance, or display of a work”[3]. Such information can be com- prised of:
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Accessibility of the Regional Information Based on the Regional Information Structure Framework

Accessibility of the Regional Information Based on the Regional Information Structure Framework

» Education and training in distant and rural areas can be guaranteed only if new eLearning technologies are used. This represents not only technical connection and creation of content but also the redesign of pedagogical systems is required so that they correspond with needs of skills acquisition and lifelong learning. Education and training are important for social inclusion, for mitigation of differences in training opportunities in rural and urban areas, and for the emergence of new opportunities. » Public services represent an important
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Information management of the geoinformation systems

Information management of the geoinformation systems

Importance of information management procedures and practice based on of deined and accepted frame within an organization, is discussed. It is a common presumption that transformation of data into information brings the level of knowledge to support right decision making. However, these eforts and investments often do not result in increased eiciency, due to absence of well deined and designed transactional and informational systems. As a consequence, many organizations are “rich” in data, but still “poor” in information. Diference between transactional (or operational) and informational systems are highlighted, too. Keywords
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