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The New Cambridge English Course 4

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Blork A

Blo k B

Contents

ap of Bo k 4 ..,'.',,',',.,.',....''.'... 6

A1 Art, bird.wat hi g' rs' den ing 8

A2 Fo us o s st tns.. mphasis with jt and |l t; unsffessed

syllabl s; words for pla s a d r gions 10

A3 Sit ations '.,'..,,..''.','.',,.'..,.', |2

A4 Shilk fo us: The sun v,,as in north t4

A5 S r tthou s'....'...'... 76

^6 Fo tls o s st tns.. ompl s ntrn s; r Ported spee h; ontrastiv sff sq words for perts of thi s; des ribing

r lative posiiion 18

^7 Cru lty to . s 2a

A8 Skil fo us: H r is th n ws 22

Summa yA '.'...'.,.'... 24

R vision nd flue y p a ti A . ...''''...,... ...,...'...'... 26

Test A 28

81 L rning a lan ag 30

B2 Fo ls on s stet''s| reaso s for using passiv s; diffi ult p ssiv

stru tur q sp lling (A nd het .|iintonation 32

83 I'll give ou t25 for it ...'.... 34

B4 Skills fo .s It must tru : it in th Pap ls 36

BS Work ... 38

B6 Fo us on s st tns. p st stru fuf swith ulould, should c3

spellings of / :{ words for personality '. . . ... .. 40

87 Th Lon ly on ''...'..' . .'.'..,,.,.,,,,...',,. 42

B8 Skills fo s: y he rt is too fuI for words 44

Su mary B ...,... 46

Revision and fluen y p a ti B 48

T st B 50

52

54

s6

58 60

Blo k C 1 It mak s me w nt to s ream

2 Fo ls on s stetnsl s ffi s with / 4 w k f rms; Futur . Progressive nd F tur P rf t tens s; e pr ssions with m k ,

t k , do, hau and get ...,.,,.,,,'....' 3 Pm e bit short of tim

4 Skills fo us we r gret ... 5 Th voi of d mo ra y

(3)

Bl gl D Dl s hat do tLr y l ok like? ..',... ...,..].'. D2 Fo us on s stem* I ish a d if o l ; p lit nd rud

in natio |e |, | 'J and / l; w d famili s D3 I d n't lik laytime

D4 Skills fo us: I kn w v ryon

D5 A beautiful pl e ...,...

D6 Facus on s st t si identifying nd n-identifying pr ssi ns;

pun tuation and intonation in relativ laus s; ulhose;

spellings ot | ,Ji prefixes and suffixes

D7 Boy m ets c'.l ...''..

D8 Skills fo usz Diff r nt kinds S nrrr r D .'...'...

R.evision and fluen y pra ti e D .'...,... bst D

74 76 78 80 82

84 8 6 8 8 90 92 94

!

/:-B| h 1 Th y saw wond rful things .,.'.,.... 96

E2 Fo us on s st rnsi diffi ult onjun ti ns; ontrastive str ss; this|th t|these|thosr, h*elth r , arnelgo 98 3 L king forward 4 Skills focus: C i id n s .'...,.,'''...'... .',.-'',''...'..,'.,.'..'. 102

5 I d n't know mu h ab ut arto ... .. ' . . 104

6 Fo s an s st ? si Relativ h t, ulhi h and th ti sp lling and pr nun i tion; unstress d syllables; p ssions with n mbers ... 106

7 Y u a say that agai ...,..'''.' , ...'. ...,. 108

8 Skills fo us: .! h irrv nt d writing? '... ., ...' . 110

Surnmary . '...'..'.. ...,.'..'..,', 172

Revisi n and flu n y acti E '...'...'... 114

s t ' . . ' ' ' . , . ' . , , ' ' . , ' . . ' ' , ' 1 1 6 Additi nal t i l .... .'.. ... 118

Y abul ry ind ...'...,.. '','.'.',...,.122

A kn l Iedg ments ...'... 131

(4)

Map of Book 4

Grammar

Phonology

:l.i:l:i]a{ortPj,*#,'(:..'i.t'. r:,liffsq**il; i:i:...^'i

Stud t l rn or r vlse th se gr mmer points Student work on these asps ts

of pronun iatlon

.s |ffi' w,.ffi*

: t* $;

itffi=*iffi

Blo k A

Word stress; rhythm and stross in

sentences; hearing and pronoun ing

unstressed sy|labIes; o trastiv stress; .dark' /a/ in unstressed sy|| b|es;

/: vowel disti tions'

Blo k B

R asons for hoosing p ssives; Present Progressive Rhythm nd str ss; linking; intonation

passiv ; Present Perf t passive; passive of verbs With two of questions a d stateme ts; sp ||ing objects; willinat|ers; if .'' would have.',; paststru tures with nd pronun iation (long end short other modal verbs. vow |s); pronun i tion a d sp llings of

l 'J'

i..-.l.;'"l:'.;:+;1:;';,-.6l:ili.l 1,1 :."'. ..,*i:ti1ffil;si , ii.-+i.1.6$'-1.ff..

.

;;'ii.i,.'.;i ..i,Fffii:liil;ffsi;'l ;

:.;j; ti;

Block C

Non-progressive verbs; r asons {or choosing passives; so ''., sodoes.,., et ,; emphasiswith /t nd whaf (. left senten es'); .l g forms nd past parti ipl s; omplex senten es with subioct nd verb s parated; |inking with onjun tions and adver|cs; prepositions and parti les.

Ditferen es between Pr sent Per'e t a d Simple Past; Future Progressive; Future P rfe t; ne d '',ing have something done; make and let+ obje t + i finitive; make + obje t + adjective; omission of obje t relative ronouns; redu ed re| tive l uses; ommon e ressions with make, tek ' do' hav and got,

Word stress; rhythm and stress in senten es; hearing unstress sy|lab|es; unstressed suffi s with |e|; weak forms; pronu iation and spelling: 'silent d, doubling.

Block D

Simple Past and Pr€sent Perfe t Progressive; Simpla Past Rhythm nd stress; hearing

nd P st Psrfe t; tenses With l utish and if onl had better, unstressed uxiliaries; polita and rude

ought and modal v rbs; identifying us s of pre sitional intonation; into ation in relativ

phrases, parti iple phrases and relative l us s; punctu tion lauses; the vowe|s /e |' | 'J and | e|; in ide tifying and non.identifying pressions; identifying a d spe|lings of /c:/; spellings o1 | 'J. non-ide tifying re|ative |auses; e|ative whosei re|ative that,

who(m) and whi ; omission of obje t relative pronouns; ompound adje tives; prepositions in des riptions.

Blo k

Co tr stive stress; hearing unstress d

sy||ables; pronun iation of the l tter r;

(5)

Fun tions

and

Topics and notions

spe fi skiIls

i:sffis.ffiffi'ffi

stud n |eam or lwl e way ol

doingt| tit g St bnt leam to t lkabout

Listening br gist; noting a d |eami g ReIative position; parts ol thing : tim vo bulary; s an ing textforspe ifi re|ati s in narrative; simih , i formatio ; gu sing words from differences and omrno ground; ont t; writing parson l |gtters; writing ou tri€s and regions; ti ties and

repoils; distinguishing difforent levels of interests; likes and dislikes;tr vel;cars. formali$; usi g dictionades ertfi ie tIy;

tel€ oning; g ng di tions;

ornphaslsing and o trasting; asking about li ; uslng the language pr priate to varioug sifi; tio s.

Dealing with omprehension roblems in Quality; dogre6; propoftion; language

s eech; |ist ning for d tai|; lo ming and langu ge us ; Inoney;

understanding different a e ts; news ard the tre tnent of news;

valuating; n lng text for spe ifi wo*; wishes; rsona|ity and pe onal

inforrnetion;guossingu knorrnwolds; a E.t dsti s.

making spoken and written rg lts; writing e onoml al|y; onn {ng senten es into t xt; ummar ing and paraph sl g; asking about Eng|ish; asH for and g ng inions; bargaini g; maklng offe .

Vo abulary

ln ddition to revising vo bulary t Ught at e r|ier |eve|s, sfud nt wi|l Ieam 900 or mor new words and xprossions during their worft o Level 4 of the oulsa.

Tal ng boutthin Without knowing th exa t words; |inking ide s in dis ussio ; li$eni br gisg giving s ke ar writtan ph | a| tos liptions; s anning text fur spe -tf i fo ation; r ding fur oler ll m ni ; summ rising; using di tionari s ffi .| ntly; opa ding ten f m notes;do'ining and id n ing; lassifying; m klng sugg stions.

st ni g for spe ffi information; reading for gi using di tion ri s ffi ien ; writi g formal lattars; making s k n and wrttten rcpotts; makhg dat nd ap i tnents; ffiking' a opti and refusing invitatior ; giving ntradi bry' softsned and emPl ti nswe ;

dist|nguirshi dlff r nt lolds of formalily; inte iewing.

Sustaining onve ationa| ex hang s; llstening lor gist llsto i g and ote taking; reading for gistl readi lor main ideas; gu ssing unknown wods; rea .ting to litorary te) s; summ rising; usl g lexi al and sy ie {' devi os to lmprovs a written drafl; wemi g ar p midng.

me r ]ations; motions and ro tio s; harities; hird World pr b|ems; |ob pli ations and qualifi tions; nows; bui|dings' re rs nd a|ter t|ons'

Time re] tons; sp tia| r l tions and osilion; shape; types nd dassifi alion;

physba| poaran e ol op|e and

p| ces; wishos and r rets; s h ol nd edu tion; pe ond r l tionships; th€

nim l kingdom.

(6)

E

|*e *# &

&r&,

fufird-w A & gs

#affs,

d m*tmg

' 6

l-istening skil|sr note.t king; listening for sp ifi informati n; ronuneiation (st ess}; g a ,im r (so and nelth r/nor'!; dis ussio .

-ook at th list in th box.

tr. Ca you find fiv thi gs that you ar int rested in? 2. S e if anybody ls h s t d tly the sa ne

hi gs as you.

3. {rhi h things are yo not t all interested in?

l 9] Yo r going to h sho t xtr ts ftom t vi ws with nirr p pfl . t hsir n ls' i r der, ar, ; [-iz B il kn V a, B si!, .FI-.&, j anette, Lindsay, ny, "iz Parki nd lan") hey a int st d Ehe a eiviti s list d in xer ise x. W it th pl 's !! !! s' and se if you an ot d rpn so r f th ir int r sts as yoll iist n t th di g.

8 m Now w rk in small gro Ps d s how

na y of th foll ving qu sti ns olt n nsw r. Wx m you l av answ r d as ffii ly s p ssibl , list t th r, rdi g gai nd t y t ornplrt r nsw rs.

1. Wh is i t r st d in sign la guag ? 2. .What arcLiz Bullo k's int sts? 3. F{ w m ny harmoniurns h s lan got? 4. xs V ra irrt rest d in hist ry?

5. What inr r st do Basil nd je n tt sh r ? 6. \ hat int st do Ver and F{.A shar i

7. I.s th p rs rr rt, w ri s out mo y irrt ested in antiqu s}

8. F{ w rnany p pl ar int r st d iri r ding?

9' ! ho has tlr m si interests? i

10. O f th int r sts in tlr list is n t mentioned in . the int rvi ws. ]Fhi h?

m ronu iation. Sol of thess w ds a

stress d on th first sylle l d s m on th s ond. a you sort the into trvo groups? List n to th ding and he k your answrrs.

antiqr.l oll ting ountrysid gard ning

harln nium history int r€sted i t ri r

int rview l ngu g pron rrn o ding

th atr

a tiqu s art a y-sittillg bird-w t hing

ars oll ting hildr n's oks king

th ountrysid darr ing d gs drawing

d ir,in8 g rd ning g! ss Fland l h roniu ns hist y horti lt r

h s s i t rior d sign jazz musi

oPer p ol r ading shooting

sign lenguege s oft s vi nrning t{reatre

t avel w lking wat hi g ri k t

(7)

# G,***a visio . L k at th t l , lr n dd soff s n n s in f th f ur g ol,]Ps.

1. S r h is i st d in rn y, nd s is Ri hard" itv r lil< s anim ls. nd s d s li "

Sar h 't s' ,irn, n i no an &{ rk.

li do s 't ll t ntiqu s, nd it r d s Ri ir d.

&{ rk has got a h rn .;;,;'.; ;;;;;;;;;";;''. Sar h l s g lf, t li d snt.

4. liver us d t lik ' musi , nd s did ]!{ rk' S rah rjidn"t us t ll t starnps' ut Ri hard did.

'lE l

6

!

ffi

r

ffi

ru

"'""n

"'."

{9t

likes a ima|s

an swim

is intrrested in m ney

has got a h me omputer

llecis antiques

| ys go|f

Used to || t stam s

Lised t like po mUsi

F

iE vhat a your int sts? k list v m l ting s m f th sr s nt n €s.

1. I'm v ry int r st d i d d in ... 2, I'm quit int r sr d in .'. 3. I,rn n t v y inr r st d in ... 4. I'm not at il inr rest d in ''. 5. i'm r d by .'.

6, I think '.. is/are v ry int r sting. 7" I think ... i r quit int r sri g, 8. l think.... is/a e v ry ring, 9. l us d t b int r st d i -..

10. At th m tnent I'm i ing a l t f ... Ask f r help i{ ne ssar,v.

o ,d you sp ll .,'?

EI

f hang lists wirlr an th st d nt. D you hav any int sts in or m } \ at diff r s ar th r ?

8 "no,, to th lass. ar ples: , 's i t r st d in tr v l, d so m 1.'

.Ivl ry thi ks Russi lit r tur is int r sti g, nd so do I.'

,!ohrz do s ,t lih ! ssi l lusi , d ith r/ or d o L '

, l is i t rested i e l ottli s, b t I, n t., ,P ter s d to p! lot a{ footb ll, d so did I.,

9 oo o of th foll wigtg a riviti s.

I t{ R: Giv a sho t talk t thr tass a t n f rrr i t r sts.

: $ rite I50-200 w ds at}out orr f y ur int sts.

i L n/revlse: a tiques; e 9eby.s-|fiins b:Eyg!! ; 9lqs.s1 31 musi ; ountryside; design; e onomi s; ;

i garden inlijo|d ; hom o6lGr;-lnterv W ; stamp : -e} -- j

i ra* (c,"-' drawn); p;-onoun""; shoot (shot 6i); sp l|]sp_ |t, spe|t); worry; Russian; indeed; so; neither; nor. i

(8)

F gL s ffi sys effi s

{ a t ,4.

"!& .s€

,*.: :€

:

l"

* &

unstress d syilables; n uns and a ije tives f r i es *d rrgi s. l

GRAA,lfulAR:

F{.dsis

'fi.I FI i ANts w { T

L k t the thr s nt n rs. Th m a tlr s m , ut in th s nd and t rd

s€nt n s tr u lling is m h sis d (giv n m r imp rtan ). r tis ronoun ing

th s nt n s with st ss orr tr u lling' In rn j , I iik th trav ili g. I rn j , it's th t av lling lh t I lik . l m j , ."vh t lik is ;h irav lling'.

'ri:ilg;tr'

: , " - - ,

i

'.:i. !:::"

.., &frl ! liJ in tJ4p

t rI"' sotll things tl at p l s id a u th i .v k. h rg th s nt s s as to p ss h id as i th th v ssibl wa s (s i is 1).

i lik v' rking lvi h th p pl ' \Yhat I lik is rganising rny wn wo k. It b ing al n th t I lik .

I lik me ting o l .

What I lik is b ing bl t tr v l n busin ss. lt's har.ing my own ffi that I lik .

I lik h ving r sp si ility.

!7hat I lik is w rking in a small p rs nal rganis ti n.

t'!

sa1, vr.h t y u lik nd what yo d n,t like ab ut y rrr sent j b, y ur s h ol, th pla e wh r you liv , y lrr w y of lif . B n Jt's ... ot what ...

4 o*pl*t th s .

\ /hat i lik m st ab ut ..' ls ... WI r t I lik l st a ut ... is '..

(9)

5 o,,t.,di t th or mo of th s . Us Ir isn,t/ s ,t ... th t... ampl : ,It isn't clists th t c us ro d cid ts'

Cy Iists ause oad a id nts. Soldi rs aus wars.

! orking hard mak s y u h althy. Lov makes th world go round. N oleon dis ov r d Ameri a.

It's b d ro ds.''

Norw y won th World u in 1990. The sun go s round th arth. Books t a h you a o t lif .

Grammars t ll you what words m an.

PRONUNCIATION: UNs R ss D SYLLABL S

o 9] List n to th rding. How m ny w ds ar th r in e h s nt n ? ( ont a tio s |tke I,d, ount as two w ds.)

r f :

I ] 9| h is on v wel whi h om s in all f the f llowing fiv words. Wh t is it?

Am ri ngi nd urope Japan B lgium

k tise saying th fiv ru rds, and th n s if you an say t.h s .

G rmany Brazll lawi Singapor Finland anad L banon oro o

VO ABULARY; OI'JNTRI S AND R GIoNs

8 * you omplet th table? Can you add som mor words?

PLA

Am i Australi

#;

ngland Fran e Ir land

P RsoN n . . . ' ' . . . ' . . .

4 n . . . .

a B lgian (a Chi es ) a Dan a n . . . .

an nglishmar/r oman th '....,....

P OPL ADJ tv th Am ri s Am ri an

the ...,....s th .,...-....,.s th Chin s th '..'....'...s the ...s

th ...,...s th '...s

4 . . . . 4 n . . . , . . . .

n Isr li 4 n . . . , . . . , . . . . (a Japan s ) K e y a a . ' ' ' ' . ' , . . . '

a S ot a Spaniard

Swirz l nd (a Swiss)

I0f.al s a.! elshman./woman

U Can you w it down the nglish nam s f ountri s foll wing g oups?

1. four ountri s in .lilf st rn urop 2. f ur ountri s in ast rn urop 3. f ur ountri s in the iddl ast 4. four ountri s in th Far ast 5. four ountfi s in Am ri a

6. four ountries with a Atlanti oast 7. four o ntri s rryith a Pa ifi st 8. thr ountri s with no s a oast 9. four v ry h t ountri s

10. two v ry old untri s

irriirr

Keny n

S ottish/S ot h

in thr or mor of th

Learrr/revise: (road) a ident; y |ist; the earth; offi e; organisation; responsibility; so|dier; travel (noun); w r; dis over; mean (meant, meant); meet (met, met); organisc; alon ; healthy; on business;

most; least; names of countries et . from E ercises

I and 9. rh

th th th t h . t h .

(10)

tr3

Sit tions

Listening a d speaking ski||s; te|ephoning; giving dire ti ns; other situational |anguag .

D y u k ow all of th s ressions? All pt on are ornmonly us d rn t l ph n alls. .Whi h on is th ption?

,ving to on e t you. islHer line's busl'. an ou hold?

Do 1,9 kn w his/h ext si ? I'11 s if I n transf r you'

I'm sorrv. I,v /Y u'v g t th Wrong umb r. }iisl r numb r ringing for you.

I,ll put you th ough. his is (nam ). \Fh r you? Wh is that? Sp aking. W got ut off'

his is a v r,v d lin . I'ii ring y u b k.

f r ; : r

. j List n to the t l pho v s tio s. You will h ar all pt thr of th p ssions f orn is 1. \x/hi h thr ?

ei N w list n again to th final nv rsati

b t r' n Sr t a d il{a g t' As y u list n, i ok at the rap. Stuart t lls garet h w t fi d a

r st urant li d La y . Wh e is th estaur nt - t A , B , o r D ?

(11)

o you k . tlr s words and r ssi ns? {Th r ]l us d in giving dir ti ns.l

a r ss .along d wn i.r fr nt f pp sit pas thr ugh t wards

oun ia out traffi lighrs T-ju tion fo k -b nd

G straight ah d f r .'. y rds/m tr s. ak th first/s ond1e/ . n th risht/l ft. Tur rightileft at.''

It's n v ur righ /l { . Y u an't miss it,

F

f;E W rk in pairs. Imagi th t yotl ar st ding in th tr f a towtt r ity thet y u krrow w ll. on of liv s th r , th th r is a tou ist ski g fo di ti ns t som wh re. A t ut th nv rs rion.

aFr

what situ ti s w ld th foll wir g r ssi ns b us d in? hoos n of rh situati s: h w ma t pi l nglish p ssi ns a '{ tu r rn m e ? .W at

w-ould you lik t s art rvith?

hr first- lass, pi as , n l tl.ris n is t b r gist r d.

D u mind if I l ok r nd?

w nty in fiv s nd th r st in ns, pl as . ls it dir t r do I h v r h ng i

Da,v r t r to Lond ' pi as . ould u h k th oil? an I g you anoth r drink)

w l ng h v ,v u e n lvith y ur p : s n firm?

E!

{ W k in grou s of th or four. Pr p r d pr is v rs ri n whi h tak s Ia in n f th situations fr m x is 6. h oilv rsaiion m st inv lv three or fot ata t rs, a d must in lud th f ll wing: 1l a p i r; 2) t l ph ne ali;

3) dir tions ab ut h w t grt to pl . l /h y u ar r dg t out y ur onv rs tion f r th !ass.

Le r /revise:

xpr ssio s usad i telephoning: -niCould l s eak t '.'?; Spe king; one minute/m m nt; (|'m} trying t0 conne t you; he/ is/ r iine,s

engaged/busy; C n/Ylil| ou hold?; l'|i ring/ a|l ag in in a minute; D you know th lhis/n r e tensio ?; |t's ringing for you; |'li put you ihrough; l'll see if l an transfer ou; l've /ou've g t the wrong number/e te si n; his is ..';Wh 's that?; We were/got Ut off; lt's bad line; i'l| ring/ all you ba k'

Giving dire ti ns: a ross; along; d Wn; in front of; pp site; past; through; towards; r und b ut; tratfi lighis; -jun tion; fork; bend; Go str ight ahead for ... yards/metr s; ake the first/se ond/ef . on the right/|eft; urn righti|eft at ...; lt's n your right/|eft; Y u an't miss it.

(12)

s ( !.l.s

F ,s

e

he sun W s ir

the r r h

I

i Reading skills: reading for s e ifi informatio , guessing w rds from ontext, l | areful readi g tor detai|s; vo abulary hoi e; writing ski|ls; Writing a personal |ett r, iI

$ R ad th t xt and look t th m p. lf th Ph ni ian sail rs s t ff in 600 B , wh r d you think th y wer (roughly) i ; D mb r 600; ay 599; July 599; D m 598? You an us your di tionary or ask y ur t e h ab ut rvords that are ssary fo answ ring th qu stion, ut dont look up or sk bout any th r words.

HE sUN WAs lN H NoR

he Poffuguese dis over d th west oast of bia k Afri 500 years ago' Bui historians beli ve thai' 2'000 years ear|ier, the Ph ni ians may have trave|l d right round Afri a in smal| boats trom Suez t Gibraltar nd 5 ba k to gy t.

The j urne was lanned by th gyptian pharaoh Ne ho in 600 B . was interested in tinding a sea rout from gypt's eastern ast n the Red Sea to AIexandria on th M dit rranean. | those days, nobocy knew how big Afri was, and he beli ved it Would b rasy to tol|ow the Afri n ast round to t r o and

ba k to gy t' ] ]..

Ne ho hired rev.ls of Ph ni ians to make the ,, journey. he Pho ni ians |ived t the e stern end of th ,, ,' editerr nea , where lsr e|, Lebanon arr i gypt are , .. t d ' hey Wrre i terest d in Ne ho's pl n' be use their.traders wanted to find a new route to their m rkets in the western Medit rr nean, av iding w t rs whi h wer ontrolled by their Greek riv |s, . ]' ''

,s]

A ording to an o|d story re orted by the Gre |'.-, hist ria Hero i tus. the Pho ni ians set off at the beginning of winter in 5O.oared s iling ships, rowrd to the eestern ti oi lri a at Cape Gardafui,- nd then s i|ed south.r st n the monsoon windsV onth fter month Went by, and they sai|rd fufther nd turthsr s uth, :i DuringiheirjoUrney,iherlie therbe amesteadiiy o|der, an j th€ seas rougher, and ihe Ph eni ians werr amazed to see that the sun was now in thr north at midday. hey must have thought th t they would never se their homes again. But fter si mo ths, ihe oast turned West; they Wrnt round ihe Cap of Go d o and at last began to travel north. lrj

Whi|e they were s i|ing u the west oast of Atri a th y.i., ran out of food' and had to land to o||e t more sup lies 35 This de|ayed them, and it was o ly after an ther fifteen

mo ths that.they r a hed a ountry the knew oro o. Fr m there they Went on to Gibr ltar nd then s ilede stto gypt.Whe theyeventually rrivod hom ' th y had been away for ov r two years| - ..,.r; and had trave|l d 25.000km,

,i.lii.,.

1 5

.,.l

.u

25

(13)

*

# Gu ssi E n r. rn,o ds f m nt . t h a h w rd o e pi ssi n in olum ,{ witl th rn ing i ol mn B that m s ! s st t it. Th r so{tt r nings in lum B.

&

s L k at th s s t Ir s. ompar th r with th t xt; w it S if th s nt s s y th sam as the t t nd D if th y say s rn t ing differ t fr m th t xt.

1" N h h d busin ss r sons f r finding a s r t r l nd Afri a.

2. Ie didn't think it would su h l ng j n y. 3. Th Ph i ians tr d d with ountri s in th

w st rn diterr n an.

4. Th Gr k hist rian H rod tus w nt with th h ni i n s il rs.

5. h - st rt d fr m th st rn dit rran an. 6' ey got lost n rh way s th' and sail d in th

wr ng dir ti n.

7 ' The w th f got tt r aft r they had g n r und rh ap of G d H .

8. It t k th m l ng tim t g t fr m t C f G d H p to fulor o'

9. r s n fo this was that th y st pp d in W st Afri a r g t mor food.

tr.O' r o w s th fi st ountf th y r gnis d n th way north"

11. h wh l j urn y t k a iy fwo y ars.

&

& L k r is s 1and2 again, and s s me w rds and pr ssi 'ls tO l a . mp r yo r list th anoth r studrnt's.

A

1. hired {lin 1- ]' 2. r s (li 13\ 3. trad rs (lin 17) 4. v idi g (li l tr9| 5. rivals (li e 19| 6. r w d (lin 22} 7. m ns n Uine 24) 8. st adily (line 26I 9. amaz d |lin 28] 10. ran oat af |lin 34} 11. suppli s {Ii 34\ 12. v ntually {litl 38J

Th b ,r*i i , *s'

snfr' *'$t {*F *d

l]

at last, fin liy b ats

ornp tifors' p pl wh want d th ir mark ts groups of sailors had rn r k ing away from littl by littl

m v d th ir ats'with long i s of w d rd r d

paid (th m)t w rk f hirn

p pi wh buy nd s ll rainy time of th y ar t rri ly ld

things th y d d usi g, r ssing v y s rprised w nt v ry f st i th w g r

#

B magi you ar rt f rh h ni ia sail s o N ho,s ships. Y hav i d d E th w s st f Afri to f k n suppli s. Y u r afraid y u will cl v s y u h m ag in. .I[/ it l tt r a ut y u xp i s f a r lativ r fi d (y u wili t it in a ottie nd thr w it in th s a, hoping it gets t th m).

tr nty f th v a ulary f om the ! ss n.

t . g

.,#

orne of these: boat; business; -*ast; food;j umey; { n) i nd; market; } idday; rfig th; route; shi ; sup lies; tip; wind; amaze; arrive; avoid; be ome (be m , be ome); ntr l; de|ay; dis v r; f ||ow; land; lan; rea h; re ort; ru out f (ran' run); s ii; set tf (set, s€t); trave|

{tr vei|ed); away; easy; rough; easter ; Western; east north; south; west; south.west; eventu lly; furiher; r ugi ly; st adi|y; a ording to; round

(14)

J&ffi

Se ret h gh s

W:

M :

lvl:

\(l:

tut:

W:

:

] Listening ski||s: listeni g f r detai|, predi tion; pr nun iaiion; speaking pra ti e;

i gr mmar (verbs not used in progressive).

{ @ ad th text nd list n to th r rdi g. Th s nten s in a k ts ( ) th m t ist's s t thoughts.

motoist omes ba k to his car, traffi warden is standing beside it.

AFFI W ROEN: x use mr, sir'

o o ls : Y s?

( h' no' not again.) |s this y ur ar? Y s' it is.

{No, it's the Que n's private aeroplan ' yau fool.) l'm fraid you'rr arked a doub| yell w li e. sir' G d heave s' am I rea|l ? I'm so s rry, l didn't ii . (She'll n ver b liev that. Lrrs u flafi ry.)

I say, what a pretty u iforrn.

(You |ook like a amel w ring a tent.) |' sorry, sir, but l'l| have to give you a ti kei. i s€ '

(If you do' l' kiil you')

Ma i hav y ur n me, please, sir? James Ba ter.

(M name is arzan, terror of the iungl . I am going to tear our unfform i to tittl pi ces and stutf them down cur throaL)

* los ur o k nd list n t th rding gain. Can y u r m mb r any of th s r t th ughts?

3 m Now ad this t xt. Try imagin what th shop assistant is thinking. Then list n to th ordi g: you will h a p ssi i r, rsio of th ssista t s r t thoughts.

ustomer is trying o sho s i a sho shap.

Us oi E : No' |'m afraid they do 't quite fit' Could l try another pair, please?

Assis AilJ : of ourse, m d m.

: Y s, these ones fit quite ni ly, but I don't think this shade f r d rea}|y suiis me. Wh i d you thi k?

A: I think the ol ur suits you very wel|, madam. : l'rn alraid |'m giving you a iot of trouble .'. : oh no,,madam, not t al|.

: ... but l think |'d tike to try that pair over there. l.: But you,ve already tri d those ones on, madam' : Well, l think l'l| try them again just to m ke sure. : Very We||, mad m.

: N , l was right the first time' hey suit me very wel|, but they d 't quite fit.

: No. m dam.

| { '. ,

t/

3r,.:{:

;..1! .

{

(15)

: ) t

&

I

\

t

I

D

*

tr

E

4 ._g." r tun i ti n" I.isr n to th ding, a d lr, it th n rnb rs of th s te s that y u h ar.

1' tr,d k rhat d ubl Il w iin " ./2. I'1l park n th t d u l y llow lin .

w3. h * v r giv mr a ti k t for parking ir r . 4. hey'li n v r give m a ti k t f parking h r . 5. I n d }.ou ame nd addr ss, sir.

u,6' I'll n d your name and a idr ss, sir.

7. h oii t w vou!. ar a ,a it it st ys th r t i ng.

v,8' h p li 'll tow yo r ar awa if it stays th r to i ng.

Y9. h s sh s l ok ]r at on you. 10. lr s sh s'll lo k gr at on you. 11. D y rl think th s s it y ui v 12. D c f ink rh s 'll suir y u?

13. I thi k th s lo rs mat h your 'J'ress. J14. I think th s lou s'll mat h y ur dr ss.

N w say th s s nt s from x r is s 1 a d 3. Sh ,ll n r. r b li v th t.

I'I1 har, t gir. i. u ti k t. I rhink I'il tr1'th m gain. I'll kill you!

5 root t r is s 1 nd 3. h s s m us ful w ds a d xpr ssions to l a n. Dis uss y ur list wirh th r st d *ts a d xplai yot! h i s. (D y u ho s w ds aus th y ommon, b aus th y a r onrrs d with your int sts, b us you lik th sound of tlr rn, b s th y r asy, aus th y ar diffi ult' ...?)

^a

D Work in gr ps f th or four. Compl t two rnor of th foll wing onversations. l ea h

o v sati n' ffy to us th ill-fua e

(I'lll oilllh '|l t .) at least n , and/ r n f th vet s thi k, f el, hop , ul t, k oul, b Ii u , Iik , love, eed,, retn rnb r, und*st tld, se , Iook. |Not th t th s v rbs ar n t usuelly us d in p og ssiv fo ms.) \ h n y u h v ornpl t d th v sati ns, a t som of th rn for th oth st d nts.

FAT R: .! hat r y u doing this v ning, Sylvia?

DAL,lG R:

(s . oUGF{ s: ...''...)

F T R:

(s lR ' FloUG s: '' ')

VlF : w d you lik my h ir' darling?

}IUSBAND:

(sr: R T oUGHTS: - ) w l F : .. . . , . ' ' ' . '

(s r HotJ Fi s: .'.'...'...') T A H R: D u all und rstand?

S UD NTS:

P TI N : Do ToR:

l . , . ,

-l 5 t . ( - t ( L -l -l r -l u U U j s ;

.{ I N :

Learn/revise some of these: aero lane; audien e; bra ket(s); ame|; ustomer; lin ; motorist air; se ret (noun and adje fiye); sh de (of ol ur); tent; th Ught; throat; tratfi Ward n; trouble (uncauntable'1; uniform; fit; kill; make sure (madr, made); oti e; park; stuff; suit; tear (t re' . l

' t

I

,

o

torn); tr!/ on; wear (wore, worn); potiti al; private; ; -i ";," " y;just (. onIy); tiie ir time; G oc l

U s | u t ' ' a l | a u y ! J u q r \ . v l l I y , ' . l | v \ ! l l v r ? r l l l l v ' r

I

(16)

^ ,6

Focus on systems

A hob of oxer iseg: un rstanding and writi omp|ex sentences; ro ned spoo *r; ontrastive stres ; rvords lor p rts of thing ; prepositio a| e ressions,

GRAll,t AR: CO PLD( s N N s

l In ompl sent s, v don,t alwa s o i medi t l aftcr their subie . Comp r : S hool w s a r,er happy time.

T e e ft r I left s hool w s e v ry happy tim . A good pl n is to do nothing

The wor t olutio when ou have a problem and an't think of a good plan is to do nothing.

2 n"ar the nds of so srnt€ rs. Look in e

o to find th r t egi ings.

1. my milita y s rvi ,es the st tim of my life. 2. hildr n alwa s se m so a efuI.

3. the Cath dral has got a lot of g od restaurents in. 4. m first wif hed holes in th roof.

5. Fr d wes th hottest she hed ver k orr,n. 6. a numb r 7 bus is r a b autiful. 7. my moth r works dorryn a oal mi .

8. today's p p r looks a bit lik you' e pt for th hair.

Pla s wh r ther ren,t any

That pi e of a little girl a pi k dress on th front s et of

The da when sh marri d Th house wh r I liv d u,ith Th photo at the bottom of page 1 in

Th se ond str rt on th ri aft r yo get to Th w k b fore I sta d

Th m n in th flat n xt door to

3 o* use th fo owi g i for ation to buitd a s€ tr ge. B n I thfuk th tin ...

re tin.

It's hind th ook ry books. Th ,re on th top shelf. Th shelf isov rth ok r

I think th ti s got som bis its i . NorY m k a srnt n e ning Amu s s th pla ...

her 's a.ple e' h by tlrc rivrr. Af,fic te' dthrr .

She s y d th r ,ith l i . They s d the e lest sr nm i Th stay d th e ft r n 's exaqrs. She s it in r di ly eautiful.

4 o" r the ds of thrse sgrtr, s. Can o put s it l b9ginnins with th , so s to ' ak s s l s nt n s?

1. e s irs has go out.

2. the st tio is a good pla to find h ep lo s. 3. bus stop lool s so fu n .

PRONI'JN IA IoN: CoNTRAS tv

s R ss

5 @ I ok at th s nt n s. vlhi h of th wo ds |n it4li6 is str s d in ea o e? Say th s€ tqr es.

1. Th Ameri an D mo ati Party has quit similer poli i s to th m ri n nepu Iican P rt . 2.Tbe N w Z ala d L ou Part is rather difftrent

from Brit h l.aboar Part .

3. xport figur s ar rising faster t n httpo figwes. 4.I,v n v f m t th Pr sidenq but I'v m t the

Pr sid nt's ulif .

5. I dont usu llyv t i el tio s, but th otp,s impo a t.

6. First r ports of th r sh refe ed to two ars, but it is o , li ved thatthrce ; swete involved

6 o" 8e so e s ntG rs fro a trewrsPap€r

r€Port' with not s for rr tion i hra k ts. k

the rr ctio s (th first two r dolr frr o ). B r ful to stress th t wo ds.

1. Th P esid t's husband is fort +iebt toda . $6| The n er said th t th Presid lt's husba d s fart - ight tada but a ll he's fort .si*., 2. is siting tbr s uth of Fran e. (north)

The n wsp pt said h as u hing th sotlth of Frm e, but i f h v itkg th t rtb of Fr n e.'

3. Th Pr sident leavir for China on Sunday eft rnoon. ( on y)

4. Sh rr'ill b a ompanied by two senior offi ials fro the inist }, of nology. (four)

5. w .iir hin , she pl ns to m t offi ials f om th inistry of du tion. (For ign Trade)

6. Sh wi rejoin her hr ba d bdor her v it to Chin . (after)

7. on h r r r th resident wi ta&e a lo holiday. (short)

8. The Pr sid t not pla ni to s nd g in at the n xt ele tion. (is plarrning) .

(17)

V ABUI-ARY:

AR s AND R LA trV

osITI Ns

7 lv u' €an yorr s in th i tu s? l,!,rit sent s.

z-rZ-W---fff-\

i Pi tu ] is 1

i tur 2 is /)

I,t tur J rs \

Pi rur 4 is )

Pi ur 5 is i

i tu 6 is 1, i rur 7 is i i ture 8 is 1

Pi tur 9 is i tur 10 is

8 m List n to th re ording and rv ite 6n5w rs t th qu s i ns, usi g t the tap/bottam/fro tlb klsid ( s).

9 ., th d s ription of th first i tu e; mpi t th d s ripti n of th s d pi r ; and r,r,rit th third d s ri ti n yourself.

h r 's a big ir l . Insid th ir l at rh t th r e snr li rriangl . Gn th cieht at the sid th r ar two small ir l s. dn th l ft at th sid th 's a d t, ,' Ji .'.;' a oss et th b ttom. I th mi idl th r 's sm ll sqilar .

{ o n,,l, a sim le pi tur . D s rib it to an th r stud nt d s e if h lsh an draw it.

z . ' . ,

A

\ a : /

rh sid f ...

th a k f th frtrnt 'f ' ,.

rh r<rp f ... th hott .l r:i ..,.

t t l n r f . . '

ilrt f

rhe nd f ...

th b ginning of ''.

(18)

tr?

Crueflty

t ars

: :

i Vo abu|ary, and te hniques f r learning vo abulary; raading and Writing pra ti e; i

l hoosing betwrr a tive a d passive; prepositions; linking Words; tenses. i

T R ad on or mor f th se n wspaP r reports. Th first two ar t b omplet d with 'ords fr m th bo s (ther are too many w rds in h x). In th third, th orr t ve fo ms hav t b hos .

NRAG D l4 ToRIsT.KILLS' AR Ro Rs D sTRoY AR B SID OTORWAY

A m torist am rag d u sday rvh n his ar got w br ther s who {ulre k d / h u re k d) th ir ar stu k '.''.'.1...'' th sn w, sm sh d its wind ws ...,...?. ''', with sl dg hammer and ja khandi an (l ft / h ue a tir iron th n pull d . ..'.... a pistol nd sh t out l ft) it a atldoned on motorlvay ,i|I (s d / b s ntI the tir s, p li said.

..H kill d it" It's a s f euto id ,,' said p li aj. J k Ii m.

Th ar got stu k in si in h s ...1-.',... sn w. P li said th driv r be am s a gry th t h pulled tire ir n ...5.. ... th trunk a d sm sh d v rv 'ind w ... .6.. ..,. th ar. Still n t satisfi d, h pull d 7' . pist l e d sh t ell f ur tir s full . ...l.. . . h l s, then r l d d and mpti d half

. ?... s nd lip f brrll ts . . ..1Q...' th ar' \t/h n th gun jarnm d, h th w. il ..11.. .. th snolv nd r rurn d . .' .i.2... .. th tir ir .

!i/h n poli arriv d, he was a ing '.1i th hood.

K li rn s id tlr rti n v.ras s r and r tion ]. but l,rry p rtur d'

rvas jai! d ...i'{..'.-. dis herging a firearm .. '1l....'. th it '.

(trom The ouston Pos|\

dow f r fr m

inr o{ f f

to u with

tn into

out out

of{

RU LIY o AR R sUL s IN IN FoR o {Io l,lAN

A su ur an l r' land man l rn d dr har i way '.' ..!'6.'...' it an ostl * ro aft k one's own unwiliing aut m biie.

A uni ipai urt judge fin d J ffr v G. J nor f iev iand ights $50 for dis rd rly ondu t .,.'' 1.7,....'. h aring f . . ..1.f ...' Jan r eat upo his ar with a ir iron in a rag .

Ja or was n his w y to a ano outing with som fri ds .. ...:l2.. .. his oidsmo ii staii d in th perking

l t of a shopping mali in neighb ring Ri hm nd

ights.

ush d th ar into a parking sPa ' grab d a tir iro . .'..?().'.. . sm shed all th windows. was pi k d up by fri nds, '....?,i.''.,. transf rr d th ano from Janor's ar to th ir own.

,'..'.?Z....,., his ur urst was rvitn ss d y a all s urity guard, ..'..'? ...' al rt d poli . Jan r was arrest d in South u lid'

after although and b aus how

how ver that wh n who who

he bill f r its rem val.

Ri ky a d Ro ni Johns n of heit nham ided / hav d id dl t punish th ir Rov r 2000 ft r it (brok /ia s bre hi g dorvn on th 5 in Gi u sr rshir - th day ft r t (b ue sp nt / had sp t) f'150 n r pairs'

otorists wat h d in amaz m nt es th rwo r thers s t a out destroying th v hi l at th roadsid .

W. rk s {no u mou d / b u o mou d\ t ra a d p t. ..As far as I'm n rn d it an (st / to stc / st i g) th r ,'' said Ri ky, 28.y ar-old uild r.

(Irom h Wantage Gazotta\

(t om he Houston Post\

(19)

I

G What d y u rhi i f t havi d s rib d in th r rts? F{ar.e y u e I r got s angry wirh

s ] hing tir 1' u d stt y fl it? T It th Iass about it.

&

F , k at h f li wing r ssi ns fr m th r o ts. lVhy d v '.r think t y ar nstru r d w.itlr p ssiv v rbs? .lVouid it b asy t r w it th

sent n s using a tiv v rbs ( .g. ,.. jailed hitn; fri nds pi k d. iw up| inst ad?

irst r part: H rvas jail d Se ond r poft:

was pi k d up by fri nds His out urst was rvitness d Jan r was arr st d

Third report:

, r th rs ... rvi!! s nt th bill

,a

l* Look at th foil wing pairs f wo ds. whi h w d in ea h pair d you f l is rnor mphari (.stronger,}? a y u think f any mor pairs of vy rds iik th s ?

ngry - nrag d sr ash - reak t k - g a

hit * at rr,r k - d str ,v

ffi .,. ar some r o ds frorn th first two t ts. with th i British glish quiv l nts. D y u know any mo US/GB diff r n s?

US

tr nk tir h d parking lot l arned n igh ri g

;:". "*t',,t

}, l. u,l,+La-/ o.l ,., I.o44,r( ar park learnt

n ighb uring

F

{ E hoos som vo ul ry to l rn frorrr the r po ts. Comp notes with oth r stud nts, a d talk b ut th reasons for y u hoi s. H w re y u going to not th meanings and us of the wo ds? { w a you g i g t m ise th m?

! :''|

8 o i Pronun iation. O word in a h g oup h s diff e t vow l sound. Whi h it?

1. pull d ho d push stu k 2. shop on stl,Y rv t h d 3. who fuil t rew t1vo 4. ho ' rok sn w so 5. jamrn d stall d gra smash 6. said fri nds th n r ak 7 ' ha|f ha d at l! 8, j il tage th ir sP

i r ar sorn qu stions about a t t that you hav t se n. R. ad th qu sti ns, think what !r r t mi t s y a d writ the t t.

1. \ ihat was t w ther lik rvh rs D wso start d h r j urney?

2. \ / at, happ n d when sh g t r h ridg ? 3. .i7h.v did sh d id t destr r ar? 4' .V h r did her h s and g r,l'h n sh starr d

atra king th ar?

5. w did th p opl in th str t r a t? 5. \)flh r di i sh us t try t s ash th windorvs? 7. W uldn,t sh smash th m?

8. What happ n d wh n sl trr' c to driv the ar inr th rlv ri

9. \ /hat happ d rvh n sh rie i to s r fir t it? 10' What js did slre d t it?

11. Wh t did th poli m n \&' nt t k iv? 12' Whl. did th p li ran arr st h r}

Learnl evise: mazemrnt; bil{; bui|der; builet; anoe; iiy; u rd; ho|e; rage; remcva|; s l W; tyre; vehic|e; arr st; atta k; b at (b at, beaten); break down (br k , broken); destroy; empty {y rDi; get stuck; grab; jam; learn (iearnt, |earnt); move; pi k up; puli; unish; push; reiur ; sho t (shot, shot); smash; s end (spe t' s rnt); stay;throw (threw'

(20)

$ Lg.s

F Us

effi I-{ f

ils thr *ws

* r r sorne r+ rds nd xpr ssi ns tr m fo radi nervs it rns. Th y hav b mix d up" Divid th w rds nd pr ssi as t four gr u i, nd th try t d id wh t is pr bly r p t d in ea h n ws it rn"

i i;s! ad f vu' m n and hildr a woman ; l at first titizzi, oIr th hills d.}. figur s i

fridg i r gunm n has ris n hav p n d fir li i h p pi trir .Slimm r of rh Y ar' t in ralur s up to 22 th n rn Ulst r u mpl yrn nt

i w ight i

# List n t th n ws it ns. S m f th diffi ult words and pr ssi ns ar giv n b l w. As y u list n, t y to gu ss wh t th rn an,

First it l:

rv und r r ush Arnragh wr k suff r ta g E Si n F€in

h apparently had tak n the da ff S ond item:

r ovrry r ssi n euph ri th sto k mark t j bl ss ]O7iltshir th p vious m nth

Third it r :

a . f r 'pi tur 18 st n 5 Fa rth it m:

t offi sp ll louding ov r

Listening and reading ski|is: ge eral mprehension, }istening l r the e a t w rds, i guessing unk wn w rds, di ti ary use; sp king ski|ls: dis ussion and reading i

g e s s | l l g u l l l l l | u w l l Y Y U l u D ' l u l l w l l g l y u 9 9 l g F J v g | l | l , - - - _ . . . g l

aloud; the language f news r orts. l

-.v

:1

3 m h s n f th it ms and list n again two or thr tim s. Writ d rrn as mu h as you ar. ot th t t. Th work r ith n tr oth r st d nts and s if you an g t th wh l f th t xt.

g* R d th f llot'i g tt ws port with ut a di tionary. Look ar fully at th y rds in itali s, and rvrit or sa what you think th y pro bly m an. Dis uss yo r ans$'rrs with th stud nts, and th n us a di ti nary to h k. If possibl , l k in a

rranslating di tionary and an nglish- nglish

fi ti na y. Whi h giv s y u m us ful inf rmati n? t sabpostm st r and his ight-m rh. ld son hav b n hit y shotgun pell ts ln a r id in Suss . A gunrn 'n op n d fir rvh n David alb rg s t off an l rr at' his p st ffi in th vill g of l gat . He had his aby son in his arms at th tim . rvas hit in th should et. Str p llets strt,t. h rhe ba y's h ad. Poli say ith r, though, hav rr serioltsl l rt. rm d li h v sin surro ded rhe rob rs at a h us in n rb ast urne.

(21)

{"

:.li:i j

'ii ii i 1 ; i ' . rii:: i t': irii rl ., tilr

g

jl r l'' r .

t# w l smali g oups.

IT R: ke ,.: a shoft radi Gews r o t out sorn things { al r imagina y) th t hav lr pp d in y u s ho l, own o culr ry. 1 7h y u r ady, r ad our 0 t t thr lass.

n: &dak up a sho t adio n ws r p t e lt th stor}, b hind n f th n } sPap he dlhes. [ you r port, y to lls sor r words nd pr ssi ns that y u h v l a t in this l ss .

x. res dega

st rts m w b

ffi wt !{ A

P o L s

PF!,qgN

F8*

.

,lto tffiil r

Lear /revis : alarm; eco my; figure; i d; st offi e; r id; re ession; re overy; sio k m rket; st ne (Briflsh unit of weigh! - 14 pou ds = 6.5 kg}: targei; trrn eratur ; u employm nt; weighi; hu t (hurt' hurt); rise (rose' risen}; slim (verb and adje fiye); strike (stru k, stru }; surr und; wound; wre k; armed; pr vi us; ne rbyi

l8-mi! s vim

f r tfoirrg

Fl w rs f r

girlfri nd st

'rn d5'*00

though; seriously; a dey otf; t ke the day off.

2

(22)

Summary

l'lo .progressive verbs

You look fik am l w eri g e t nt. ( ou+e-l l i r lte-._-)

I thi k ol ur suits you v ry w ll, mad m.

t+**ful ing.=-')

I know sh 'll angry. (f*lr tvi :'_) I dont li v you. (I*n ab li i 1 t*) Doy uu d rstand? (@

Using Fssives ta avoid a hange of

subie 't

K ll m said the man wes s be e d rational, but v ry pera b d. He rvas iail d for dis ha gi g a fu arm. {Better th A,judge jailed him ...)

H pushed th ar into a parking spa , grab ed a tire iron and smash d all th windolr,s. H was pi & d up by fri nds.

(B tt r th Fiendspi k d him up ...)

so is..., so dogE...

et .

Sareh is inter st d in mon 5 and so is Ri h rd. oliver likes animals, and so do s elia.

oliv r used to like pop musi , and so did :k. Sarah t surim, nd n ith r/nor n M rk. Celi do s ,t olle t a tiques, and nrith / or do s

Ri hard.

Emphasis with If a d what

In my iob, it,s th trav lli g th t I lik . I my job, 'hat I lik is t}r t av lling.

It is 't y lists at ause road a id n . It's ad roeds.

\ hat I lik most about ary is h r s ns of humour. Vhat I l ast boutJoe is his laugh.

Comp|ex

senten s

with sub|e t

and verb

separated

The year aft r I l ft s hool was a v ry happy time. The wo st solutio wh n you h ve a pro l m and

an,t think of a g od plan t do othi g. The tin hjnd the ook ry oks on th top shelf

ov r the ooker has got som is uits in.

lrregul r verbs i Lesso s A1-A8

INFINT y at be om

br ak draw hold hun l arn m k m n meet put ting r flrn s t shoot s ak spell s nd strike t throw wea

AsT PAS PARTI IPL

beat be ten

e eme ome

broke broken

dre y drarr,n

h ld held

hurt hurt

learnt l arnt

m d mad

me nt m ant

m t met

Put put

rang rung

rosr ris n

rrrn

set set

shot shot

spok spok n

spelt spelt

sP€ t sPe t

st u k stru k

tor toflr

threw tfuown

P esent and past rti ip|es

Art is i t r sting.

Sh 's int r sted in art. (sh +* t r tinri ) I thou t e l sson was boring.

I u'es or d in th l sson. ({f } orintl.:)

Linking: G: niu ctions

a d advorbs

H l med tb t it canb ostly to atta k o e's own automo ile.

A iudge fin d Jeff y G. Janor $S0 ft rhearing of ho Janot at upon his r th tir i o . J or was on his way to e anoe outing henttts

oldsmo il st ll d.

H was pi ked up y fri ds , ho ttansfeted the ano .

IIaularct, his out urst was witn ss d by all s urit guar ho a| tedp li .

Pr positional

expressions: relative

posltions

at the top (of) t th bottorn (of) at th side (of)

at th front (of) at th a k (of}

i th middl (of) on the'i t (of)

on the l ft (of) inside outsid n ar

(23)

Pl positions a d parti les

stu k rz th s ow

h smashed its rrindows ith a tire i on h pu d ozi e pist l

six in hes of s ow

h pull d tir iron frot / out o/th t r k he smashed ver}, windo ' in the at full o/h l s

he empti d ha|f of es ond lip of bullets into th cat h thr w it ia,o snow

h r turn d to the tir iron eating oz the hood

jaied fot dis arging a fir arm in the orty

Telephoning

rying to onne t you. HislFler li e's busy. Can ou hold?

Do you know his/het e tension? I'll see if I an trensfer you.

sorry. I'y /You've got th wfong numb r, His/}Ier umber's ringng for you.

I, putyou throu .

This is (n tn |. Who is that? s eking. w got ut off.

Th is a v ry bad [in . ri g you ba k.

Giving dir t.lons

along d wn in front of pposite

t ou towards

roundabout tratfi li ts T:jun io fork

d

Go strai ahead for... ards/m tres. Thk the first/s ond/etc. onth n {|eft. Turn ri t/l ftet ...

It's on your rt tl|ett. Yo ant miss it.

A ng ebout gl| h

wh t's g F.nglislr fgr ...i Horr, do you sp ll ...?

Em fiari

sy|to]rym

errgr1 - er ag d r ek - sm sh k .gra hit - at destro - wr k

Br}tigh

/ Unit d States dlfferen e

US

trunk tir hood parking lot l arned n i oring

BRI ISl{

boot y bonn t a park l ar t n bouring

lt|ords f r ou trieg nd r6gi n3i some

sx mp|Gs

Pl"t

Ameri a Austr lia B"lgu-Chi Denmark

fu pt

ngla d

Fran

Ir la d

Is a l Ital JaP K a s tl nd

P RsoN

Am ri n n Aust eli n a Belgi (a Chines ) Daa en gyptia an n shmarr/

Wol

a F n hm n/

wollul

6 !,! m n/ womrn

a ra li

n Itali ( Japao s ) a K n en a S ot

P oPL

th Am ri ans tt Australie s th Belgi ns th Chi s th Danes the pti ns th gl h

theFrgr

e Ir h

th ra lis thelteti ns Japan s the K nyans th S o

ADJ V Am ri a Austr lian B lg* Chin s Den h ptian h

Fr n h

Ir h

Isra li Italien Japanes an S ottig ftot h Spai', Spani rd the Spa h

Switzerla d {a Swiss} th Sw s VaI s 'l , lshm r/ th \ e h

wo n

lr ommon sl yory l | ng|| ll

lel

Am i a/ !n rd / n nd/. gl nd/

urope l'juetepl Jepan /d3 !anl

B le"m/.beld / ari lme\ l

Cfuistopher Columbus /t st f k .l^mbo /

Coflra tiYe firg

Th Ameri an Demo rati Party h s quite similar poli ies to th Am ri R pu n Paity. Th . reri n D mo rati Perty has quite similer

poli ies to th Fantasi n D mo r acPan . The Fant sian Dem r ti Party has very different

prin iples from the Fen si n D mo r ti Unio .

Spa ish Swiss V h

a ross past

Vo abulary

(24)

levfrsfr r

r d

ff g. er *

r' Afr *

ffi

' A h i e of a tiviti s. i

r l

€ @] 6o1 t th pi tu for tt ,, ri t s. n los you ok and list n to th ording. Th r ar n b r f mistak s in th d s ri tio . C rr you say what they ar ? arnpl ;

,She s,zid th sh s 9re ' b t t ll it,s blu .'

. . i i r i i , ,

# D., ,i . on f th thi gs in th pi ur s. Y u rnust not s its nam (if y u kn w it), and you must not us ou hends to help you pl in. Th oth st d nts wili try to d id w.iri h hirrg yorr 6r talking a ut. Us ful stru tur s:

s rn thi g (rhat) ."' a thing ith t) ...

s rn thing / thi g th t y u w ar wlr n ' ' " s m thing l a tlring rhar y u use fo ... / f r ...ing a thing f r ..'i g

a thing with ... thing that has . ' . stuff tlr t ...

li iri ll wd /m t ri i a ..' l t$ .., } i ou us i t ' . . / f ' , . i ng

you us lt wh n y u .'.

G I1 ..' l t

ki d/s rr f '.. it ha psr.ls r 'h Y ..' y u d ir . . '

tr#

f, Th t a h r will giv y u a rd d s ibing a dviry d a rd d s ribing th w ath r (e.g. ,Y u'r€ sin g'; .lt's sn wing'). A t ut rvhat is on

th ds s thet th l ss an gu ss b th th a tivity and the w ath r.

t"riu

,.'

i"":,

:i:,iii:'i

,

:.::: ]

A " -*outi . Th t a h r will di t th fi st h lf f s m sr t n s; writ what you he r, d id h w to nti u a d writ th st.

Dtjr |i P eranddrumm r

(25)

5 onu",*ation l p ssions. Cor pl t the following dialogue and.th n a t it out.

( Ii is ul iti g in fto t of the st tion far Bi|l,) AR L: H llo, Ali . .!7hat er you doing? Ar-IC : waiti g for Bill.

ARoL: Y ah. H 's lw ys lat , isn't h ? ( li gr s.)

ALI : But h ,s ni e.

AROL; Y s, I know.

, ( rol e pl i s ,,h sh n't go on t lking to Ii , nd l ques)

CAROL:

(St tl , stf 'nger, tries to g t into onuers tio ith Ali e.) s vE,!

( li e g ts id of bim.)

ALIC :

Jo :

ALl :

(He is suc essful.)

[o sks Alice bout het iob,) ... '. '.. ?

I'm a nurs .

[o e pr ss s i t t st.) .,...'...? D you lik it?

Well, it hatd work. But it inter sting. I only start d

-(BiII tutns up. lic ets BiIl, shs lo ,s n tn , nd introdu es BilI nd Joe.)

[o gr ets BiIl and goes b ch to his onu er s tion itb li . )

You only st rted Y s. I only st ed six w eks ago -(Bill p ologises for i terrupting' )

(II retni ds Ii th t tbe r goin7 to 4 part .)

oh, d ar. I didn,t r lis it w s s lat . Time fli s wh n you'r having funo do sn,t it? ( li i uit s loe to otttz lo g ith tb nt. to the p rt .)

...? You don't mind. do vou Bill? (|oe d pts.)

[oe, oth r strang stdrts talking to Ii ,)

(BilI agr es, not uery nthusi sti ll .)

(Jo s s h ,s goi g to g t a bonle of in ' nd protnis s to be ba h sho l .)

You w it h r minute. I'm just going to g t a b ttl of rvin . ...:''..'...,

oK.

(Ya finish th on,uers tion.)

t^

lD ow r v r you? How do you r e t (o how d you thi k you would a t) t th f llowing exp ri n s? N t your a ti ns as follows; v ry fri t n d 2; fright d 1; t f ight d 0. Tak away one p int fro you total for a h pe i n that it s ou; take away two points fo e h p i n that x ites you v ry mu .

1. b ing driv very fast 2. drivi g v ry fast

3. going on e very fast roll r- oaster 4. flyi g in a ig pass ng r plan 5. flying in a small pl ne 6. going dow in a submarin 7. lim ing a hi ladder 8. limbing a diffi ult mountai

9. lo king down from th t p of a high building , 10. being outsid i thund rst rm

11. b ing in a storm at s a 12. being lost in a dark forest 13. b ing alon in th dark

14. eing in th middle of a big r wd 15. b ing in a sm ll t nnel

1'6. eingin a lift that has broken down 17. attending a spiritualist s an

18. learning danger us sport ( .8. sh rk.hunting, motor.ra ing, sky-diving)

19. spe king i publi 20. taking an xam 21' g ttilginto a fi t

22, b ing lon with a drunk in a railway arriag 2 . beng al n with a m ntally dist rb d person in

railw y carriage

24. ing alone t n t in e house that is said t b haunt d

25. s eing a big dog oming towards you

26. tou hing a n n-poisonous sn k

27. t u hing a n n.p isonous d r 28. having ats fly over our h ad 29. hearing a fir larm in your hotel

30. s ing an in|ur d Pe son pouri g with blood

31. having a non-dang rous operation

32. going t th de tist

Wh you have finished the que*io nair , fi d out th s ores of diff r nt p opl i the lass. What er the hi st nd lowest s o s? What th v rag s or ? ow does your o ln s ore o Par rrith t e av rag ? Are you surprised by your r sult? What kind of s ores d you ink sho ' that peopl ar€: vr y

rav ; quit b av ; quit n rvous; v ry nervous?

!

f Work in groups nd mak up a qu stiornaire t fi d out som h g ls a out p opl - for xampl how g n ous th y ar , or hor so iebl , or how ho st, or how h rd.working.

8 m Listen to the song. Th words fe on Pag

1 1 8 .

Jo :

LIC :

Jo :

ALIC :

ALIC :

Jo :

ALI : BILL:

.l .

A :

BILL:

BILL3 ALI :

ALI :

JOE:

BILL!

Jo :

ALIC :

(26)

est ^ '

LIS NING AND NO -ThKING

l l l Li,t* to the thr w ather for asts. Whi h for st or spo ds to th post e d?

LANGUAG IN Us

J

5 D s ibe pi tu as i ompl t ly as possibl . / \

/o\

+++/ :i. \

a\

o Cor pt te the dialogu rrith app opriate

srnt n s. (phon rings)

oP R oR: H llo, Slad and L wis, may I h Ip you}

C RIS: ...'.'...'...?

oP R oR: one mom nt pl ase.

(a mom nt p sses)

P RA oR: I'm s rry .''.,...,'.... hold?

FlRIs; Yes, pl ase.

J NNIF R; H llo' J nnif r Slade sp aking.

CtIRiS; wr ng I was a i g

J NNI R: oh ;;;; lrell, j st a moment' I,lI try to transf r you.

CHRIS: h nk you very mu h.

( moment p sses)

J NNIF R: .Sg''y, .. .. . m ssag ?

IRIS: No, thank yo anyway. ,...,... lat r. J NNI R: All right, then. Goodby .

RIs: By .

vo ABULARY

.t

I N u s and v s: omplete th ta le.

fu tgfur ' ' ''

e l1Da '

GRA AR

al

- Compl te th se t rr s.

1. Angela rnjoy { th film, d s R nsi.

2. y irthdey's in Jenuery, nd so ...'.. .... my moth r's.

3. oni ,s b n to China, nd so D r k.

4' Ri hard wat h s lot of t levision, and so ...'... s sisters.

5. I.dont like g ing up rly, and nor..'...'...' my hildr n; but my h sband

5. y fethe n't swim, and n ith ...' I.

,r

rI Choos th b st Itern tiv s.

1, Don't ou think l Aren't ou thi hing i h I Ioohs I is loohing lik Gr ta Garbo? "

2. .Vh1t do ou do I ar ou dai ?' ,I ait l I' ? '!ing |or my sisten I hope t rm boping she wont long.n

3. I don| underst nd l I'm not und rst nding what

b pp s | 's happ ning: the lights k ep jo g off an on.

4. 1y.lg.o* poli are s ar hing for seven-y ar-old F li inoj sa, ho som on -Iast s / iho u., s

l st s en yesterday morn g on his way to s hool.

! .'"n re th nds of thr e sent a es. Put suitabl b ginnings wit them, so as to mak sensi l . srnt €s.

]. that. big.house on thr orn r hav mov d to iami. ]. my poyfri nd r,r'as built in th year 1s4i.-_

3. math m ti s in s ndary s hool had ea tiful r d hair.

r Po t snow

1 l .

2 , 3. 4. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 71.

NOTIN amez ment

v R ameze des ri t v l

d iv organis me ti g

supply think w igh

8 o* .s: add fo r mor rows to th list.

PLA P RsoN P oPL

Arneri e n Ameri an th Am ri ens ADJ v Ameri an

1 . 2. 3. 4. 5.

(27)

PR NUN IATION

9 root at th se yords. In a h list, a all th und rlined l tt s (or g oups of lett rs) p onoun d th same, or is on differ nt? w it S if th y th sam ' or writ th word with th diff r nt sound.

1. a ident jazz stamp wat h

2. ngmi s gald gp r shot

3. ano fssd shggt thr w

4. br k toll t delgy w ight

5. ompgt r m si p nish niform

6. ll t cood p ll push

7. pr ng n e r nd surrQ nd wggnd d

8. g ntrysid ro gh rgn trou le

9. g cht ta ght tha h thou t

l o ,' th stress d sylla l in a h word. xampl :

a id nt

Atlanti avoid b ginning ompi t

omp ter Denmark v ntu lly ind d

iritervi w Japan politi al r ssion re ov ry satisfi d

l l ,.t. th vow ls that ar pronoun d / /. xampl :

@oid

la\arm audi n B lgium figur pr vious

R ADING

l 2 * th t xt and do the tasks that follow.

1. Vrit down in ord r th ple s wh r th gunm n w nt.

2. Vrit d wn fou or mor things that prov that th s apr was ar fully plann d.

3. Tru , fals , dont know: th s p plan o iginally in lud d ttr pris n rs'

4. How do you think offi i ls found ut thet the hija k rs spoke Fr h?

\VRITING

l 3 w " personal

l tt r

to a los

fri nd

or

family m m on on of these subj ts.

1. ![rit about how you hav sp nt th Past w k. 2' Imagine you are on of th oth r prisoners in th

story in x r is 12. You w r x r ising in th ou ryard wh n the s ap happen d. T[rit about

what you w r doingo what you sa h ard and

did, and how you felt.

3. Cho se a famous p rson from your ountry ,history. Pret nd you r that p rson, writing home

about som thing that hes just hepp ned.

sP AKING

1 4 roo at the map. Choos thr pla s on it and mark th m. Then work with anothe stud nt. a h of you must te th oth r h w to 8 t t on or mor of the pla es you hav hosen. Don't look at ea h oth r's maps o say what e d stinations ar . Your tea h r will te you how many of th pla es ou

must givr dir ions to. i

'fl' .

ffiffilffi

ffi#i'ffilfl '."ffi

:*i1#

#:

;"ffi;"#

.

ffi* t ' 11:t,''- ,r'

- ';;* 's;l r ni

iff;l{ffi'T ;

Imagem

Figur  s  r  l    s  d  t  day sh  w that av  rag        rnings {1}  h  u    gon   up /     nt up      6aa     ver th   l  s  tr,v  lve  months

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