Objective: to build a mobiletechnology to assist nurses during data collection, diagnostic reasoning, and identifi cation of interventions in neonates. Method: methodological study with a qualitative approach. The development was carried out in three phases, namely: bibliographical survey, construction of a database of diagnosis/interventions, and development of the software. We used the development tools Ruby on Rails, IONIC 2, PostgresSQL, and Amazon EC2. Results: The developed technology received the name Natus, able to contribute to the development of the nursing process applied to patients of neonatal units. Its requirements are: to defi ne human needs, select nursing diagnoses, select interventions, defi ne time periods, and issue printed fi les. Final considerations: the technology built is a computerized tool that allows for the development of the nursing process, facilitating data collection, diagnostic reasoning, and identifi cation and grouping of the clinical signs presented by the newborn in neonatal units.
Abstract—Mobile communication is one of the hottest areas and it is developing extremely fast in present times, thanks to the advances of technology in all the fields of mobile and wireless communications. Nowadays the use of 3G mobile communication systems seem to be the standard, while 4G stands for the next generation of wireless and mobile communications. This comparative study between 3G & 4G tells about the background and the vision for the 4G. We first present a review on the development history, characteristics, status of mobile communication and related 3G - 4G perspectives. An overall 4G framework features, having the basic keys (diversity and adaptability) of the three targets (terminals, networks, and applications). We present it in both external and internal diversity of each target to illustrate the causes and solutions of the adaptability feature. Then, the 4G domain of each feature in the framework is discussed from technical point, showing techniques and possible research issues for sufficient support of adaptability. At the end, a summary on 4G visions and some of the issues this new technology may face.
This methodology is developed based upon a combination of the available literature and the experiences of the author, who are actively involved with the development of using mobiletechnology in health care industry. Figure 1 shows the phases of a proposed research methodology. The sequence of the phases is not rigid. Moving back and forth between different phases is always required. It depends on the outcome of each phase which phase or which particular output of a phase, has to be performed next. The arrows indicate the most important and frequent dependencies between phases.
The purpose of this study is to investigate how microlearning approach based on mobiletechnology can help in current system of education. How can it solve nowadays student's problems related with understanding
After a revision and consolidation of the theory, TAM was extended to the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) model , which intends to inves- tigate the user’s intentions when facing a new technol- ogy. The UTAUT model considers four constructs : (i) performance expectancy, (ii) effort expectancy, (iii) social influence, and (iv) facilitating conditions. For instance, this model has been applied to explore user’s acceptance of mobile technologies , on-line purchasing tickets , security-related factors in mobile payment , and mobiletechnology in museum visits . Despite the excellent model to analyze the acceptance and usage of technology provided by UTAUT, the standard presents some limitations to the consumer’s environment, and the UTAUT2 model was developed. UTAUT2 explains approximately 70% of the variance in behavioral intention and 50% of the variance in technology use , being composed by seven constructs: (i) performance expectancy, (ii) effort expectancy, (iii) social influence, (iv) facilitating conditions, (v) hedonic motivation, (vi) price value, and (vii) habit.
Besides the PDA, other mobiletechnology devices ex- ist that can also be adapted for use at the bedside. Smart- phones, for example, are increasingly conquering users. These devices are mobile phones with diﬀ erent resources, including internet on an open plaf orm to install diﬀ erent applicai ons according to the type of use and the ability to read and/or edit diﬀ erent ﬁ les, such as the Microsot Oﬃ ce package (Word, Excel, PowerPoint). Hence, Smart- phones can be useful for people who use mobile phones as a work tool (10) .
). This shows that there has been upgrading and improvement in mobile computing device characteristics since Zimm erman’s research up to now. Dahlstrom (2012), a senior research analyst at EDUCAUSE, in his article titled ―Executive Summary: Student Mobile Computing Practices—lessons learned from Qatar‖ says that students find Mobiletechnology convenient and engaging and institutions need to invest more in mobile device use and support. In Qatar the Education City conducted a survey jointly with ECAR (Every Child a Reader) of United Kingdom (UK) on student mobile computing technology and the results were not only relevant to their student’s experiences but also speaks to the global revolution of mobiletechnology in the academic environment. The findings revealed that, for students, technology plays an important role in productivity and communication, students want technology integrated into their academic experience and students want to better utilise mobiletechnology in their learning environments doing such things as creating content for course assignments, accessing course related material and pushing the limits of mobile device productivity. Kim et al (2006) identified the benefits of using mobile wireless phones as freedom of location and time, increasing speed in teaching and learning, enabling one-to-one learning based on individual educational histories or test results, better communication opportunities and better collaboration in group discussions. They also identified the specific benefits of using Personal Data Assistants in m-learning as mobility, information management capacity, beaming capability, ability to work in many places and replacement of pen and paper. A UK essays website argued that the major challenge for educators and trainers is how to develop learning materials for delivery on
A systematic review of mHealth programs attributed the success of many of these programs to the relatively low cost of mobiletechnology. However, limited data on the cost of pro- grams at scale, mechanisms for financial sustainability, and the cost-effectiveness of these pro- grams have stymied efforts to convince industry and government partners to invest resources in nationally scaled mHealth programs.[10,15] One study that examined the cost-effectiveness of using text messages to improve health workers' adherence to malaria case-management guidelines in Kenya at scale found that in each scenario, costs were relatively low. The intervention was cost-effective at USD 0.03 per correctly managed child. A more limited evaluation of a small scale program in India found that the cost to the National AIDS Control Program (NACP) of sending mobile phone reminders to improve adherence to Anti-Retroviral Treatment (ART) among people living with HIV was also relatively inexpensive. This pro- gram cost USD $1.27-$1.77 per patient per year, and the projected total cost of the SMS reminder program accounted for only 0.36% of the total five-year national program budget.  While the results of these studies are encouraging, empirical data on the cost of mHealth programs at scale and on strategies for financial sustainability are needed to strengthen the evi- dence base for the financial feasibility of mHealth interventions at scale and to persuade deci- sion makers to mobilize adequate resources.
Objectives: assess a prototype for use on mobile devices that permits registering data for the Systemization of Nursing Care at a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Method: an exploratory and descriptive study was undertaken, characterized as an applied methodological research, developed at a teaching hospital. Results: the mobiletechnology the nurses at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit use was positive, although some reported they faced dificulties to manage it, while others with experience in using mobile devices did not face problems to use it. The application has the functions needed for the Systematization of Nursing Care at the unit, but changes were suggested in the interface of the screens, some data collection terms and parameters the application offers. The main contributions of the software were: agility in the development and documentation of the systemization, freedom to move, standardization of infant assessment, optimization of time to develop bureaucratic activities, possibilities to recover information and reduction of physical space the registers occupy. Conclusion: prototype software for the Systemization of Nursing Care with mobiletechnology permits lexibility for the nurses to register their activities, as the data can be collected at the bedside.
Reading the rest of studies and keeping only those that raised the research questions. At the very beginning, we, three investigators totally engaged, enter into the interface of Biblioteca do Conhecimento Online (b-on) to search the studies in healthcare sector by two groups of search strings restricted to keywords in the texts, i.e., servqual <and> mobile health <and> hospital <and> information technology(group1), servqual <and> hospital <and> service quality (group2). The results turned out 125 and 1,404 articles respectively. To make the review task more feasible, we decided to restrict the “servqual” to the title in the second group. Then, the result of second group is 79. These totally 204 articles read through the title and abstract, were selected based on the exclusion/inclusion criteria eventually. Excluding the irrelevant articles, there are 38 left to be reviewed in detail. Yet, among the reviewed articles, there are only nine articles concerning with both the information technology and SERVQUAL. Thus, for exploring more studies, we plan to go back to search the relevant articles based on the nine articles. Through scrutinizing the first 20 relevant articles of each of nine articles, we acquire 13 articles close related to the application of information technology or mobiletechnology in hospitals. But the aims of all 13 articles is to explore the factors affecting patients’ acceptance of new technology, which is irrelevant to this review’s intention.
A market research in the physical access control landscape, predicted growth and trends, a global forecast and analysis, as well as a market research in smartphone market penetration of mobiles with biometrics capabilities, analyze the market projections and forecasts. This thesis presents a concise survey on different types of mobile access and their pros and cons. Mobility is the driving force that will unleash the long awaited biometric revolution, since the introduction of the Apple Touch ID 1 fingerprint sensor, Apple disrupted the market by opening a blue ocean of possibilities in mobile identity and authentication, allowing to evolve towards user-centric identity 2 and closing the human-machine identity gap, but the rollout of mobile identity in physical security is being slow, challenges and difficulties such as lack of standardization, proprietary protocols and lack of hardware interoperability at the physical layer, renders the adoption more difficult than in the logical access world. This thesis focus on the challenges that inhibit the integration of mobile ID into physical security, including case studies in higher education and a proposed migration strategy for businesses and organizations.
Este estudo apresenta uma aplicação do SERVQUAL para avaliação da qualidade do serviço de mobile banking, abordando o gap 5, que confronta a diferença da percepção de qualidade em relação à expectativa, indica as dimensões mais relevantes para este serviço segundo diversas fontes (literatura científica, especialistas e usuários de uma amostra), desenvolve e aplica um questionário. Verificou-se que, num âmbito geral, a qualidade percebida ainda não atinge às expectativas do público pesquisado, tendo somente uma dimensão as superado. Além disso, as dimensões indicadas como de maior importância pelos especialistas não foram as mesmas que os respondentes tiveram maior expectativa, indicando que existe possibilidade de melhor direcionamento dos esforços por parte das instituições fornecedoras do serviço. Palavras chaves: Sistemas produtivos, mobile banking, qualidade em serviços, SERVQUAL ABSTRACT
In , the authors present a proposal to capture bio-signals in healthcare and sport-training systems. The system uses infrared sensors or vision cameras. It includes a mobile three- axis accelerometer motion system and smart shoes. The signals are measured and processed by a mobile device, allowing the analysis and diagnosis of postures during outdoor sports, as well as indoor activities. To improve the accuracy of the proposed motion capture, a frequency-adaptive sensor fusion method and a kinematic model are utilized to construct the whole body motion in real-time, and are continuously updated. Huang et al. present a wearing system with four sensors, ECG, three-axis accelerometer, temperature, and tight-switch, applied for remote monitoring system in home-care . The ECG, measured with wearable electrodes using steel textile to generate the real-time heart-rate estimator. The heart-rate estimation is calculated to the movable textile electrodes in motion of user, performing a sophisticated work. The tight- switch sensor and FIR (Filter Impulse Response) filter technology are applied here to get the best heart-rate accuracy. The other biosensors can detect falls and body-temperature changes. Moreover, the device has low-power consumption to transmit detected bio-information from these four sensors and transmission turns it highly suitable for applications to remote healthcare and wellness.
he application stored all information of the pharmaceutical guide, including PDFs, in order to enable use even when the mobile device was not connected to the Internet. Data are updated auto- matically when synchronization was last performed 7 days previously or manually with use of an icon available on the application’s homepage. Howev- er, it is necessary to stay connected to the Internet upon irst access to perform the initial synchroni- zation with data for the drug pharmaceutical guide and storage data of local login. Synchronization af- ter login ensures the use of as little space as possible in the memory of the device; as a result less time is
The implementation of M-learning for primary school in Malaysia by using an open source technology may prove the potential of a new mobile learning environment. The developed model named MobileMath  focuses on learning mathematics had allowed the learners to do a lesson, quiz, tests and performance tracking with automated graph. The development has shows significant contribution and improvement from Malaysian perspective on education environment. The general architecture of MobileMath is shown in Fig 1 that explains all of the conceptualize data gathered before this were put into actual physical model. It’s illustrated the levels of user access includes Students, Teacher and Administrators which have different role of permission in accessing the content and functionalities. Each of the users has to go through an authorization function before proceed to the individual function such as lesson, difficulties setting and progress tracking.
a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) (128x64 pix monochrome) to view information (limited to screen resolution) through a graphical view and some added functionalities like a calendar. The communication is supported via Bluetooth and provides link to a cellular phone or a Personal Computer (PC). A diverse range of sensors can be used such as light, motion, temperature, audio and eWatch provides visual, tactile and audio notification. Despite being a wrist device, it provides ample processing capabilities with multiple day battery life enabling continuous data sensing and user studies. Reeves et al.  present an approach with a more specific purpose. Remote monitoring as an active element of care provision packages for older adults has the potential to sig- nificantly augment traditional social care. Such monitoring is made through integrated ambient and body sensing in order to sense specific patient data. The aim of the project is to achieve an environment that has ability to adapted to the patient lifestyle and answer all need related to the individual concerned. It is important underline that each person has different threshold values (minimum measurement values), so it is necessary that each patient system is configured for these same measurements. Thresholds values achieve flexibility and support a broad range of individual scenarios. Data can be seen at a mobile device or a PC located at the medical base.
One of the most groundbreaking proposals in WiMUST is that the AUV-based acoustic sensing array is physically disconnected from the source system, which allows for a new freedom in sensing array geometry. If we abstract from the physical con- straints relative to vehicle navigation, speed, positioning, and other limita- tions, the WiMUST sensing system may be viewed as a DSA free to adopt any geometry. Moreover, this geo- metry may change along time, upon request, based on the analysis of the seismic data collected online. Thus, in terms of data processing, the funda- mental question to be tackled is whether the seismic data acquisition and pro- cessing protocol established for ship- towed streamers is also suited for the mobile AUV-based acoustic sensing system ? And, if not, in which situation and how should it be modiﬁed?
When an application must send the same information to more than one destination, multicasting is often used, because it is much more advantageous than multiple unicasts in terms of the communication costs. Cost considerations are all the more important for a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) consisting of mobile hosts that communicate with each other over wireless links, in the absence of a fixed infrastructure. In MANET environments, the multicast problem is more complex because topology change of the network is extremely dynamic and relatively unpredictable. To do multicasting, some way is needed to define multicast groups. In conventional multicasting algorithms, a multicast group is considered as a collection of hosts which register to that group. It means that, if a host wants to receive a multicast message, it has to join a particular group
programming area. A framework called PhoneGap was used, whose choice was based on promoting interoperability between the main mobile operational systems currently available. This implies that, for the developer, the application can be designed using a single source-code, which is processed and compiled in different programming languages, according to each mobile operational system. The devices considered mobile systems are digital personal assistant, cell phone, tablet or smart phone, characterized by their processing power, local storage, access to data transmission technology such as Wireless Fidelity (Wifi) and Bluetooth, equipped with an operational system adapted to their hardware specifications . Also, the application was made available to mobile devices, tablet, cell phone and smart phones with free access developed for the systems IOS, Android and Windows Phone.
1. Geospatial Reasoning: People often are interested in finding out relevant information while on the move, using their mobile phones. In these cases, it becomes difficult to expect them to enter a lot of information. So, our solution uses location information coming from their mobile phone, and helps us to provide an answer which is geographically close to the end users current position. In this case, the user only needs to enter what he is looking for (like restaurant), and the system will provide the user with an appropriate set of restaurants, and their addresses. He also has the option of identifying a neighbourhood elsewhere for the search.